|New Line Cinema|
|Founded||1967New York City, United Statesin|
|Headquarters||4000 Warner Blvd, |
|Parent|| Warner Bros. Pictures Group |
New Line Cinema, legally known as New Line Productions, Inc., is an American film production studio and a label of the Warner Bros. Pictures Group division of Warner Bros. Entertainment. It was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye as an independent film distribution company, later becoming a film studio. It was acquired by Turner Broadcasting System in 1994; Turner later merged with Time Warner (now WarnerMedia) in 1996, and New Line was merged with Warner Bros. Pictures in 2008.New Line continues to distribute its films albeit as a part of Warner Bros. Pictures, rather than as a separate media company alongside the latter.
New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the then 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness , which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line also released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are , Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (which became the first New Line film to win an Oscar).The studio has also released many of the films of John Waters.
In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, Stunts (1977), directed by Mark Lester. Although not considered a critical success, the film performed well commercially on the international market and on television.
In 1980, Shaye's law school classmate Michael Lynne became outside counsel and adviser to the company and renegotiated its debt.
In 1983, Bryanston Distributing Company, the company that originally distributed the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre , lost the rights to that film, and the rights reverted back to the original owners, New Line bought the rights and re-released the film to theatres in that same year became very successful for the studio.
New Line expanded its film production in the early 1980s, producing or co-producing films including Alone in the Dark and Polyester , directed by John Waters. Polyester was one of the first films to introduce a novelty cinema experience named Odorama, where members of the audience were provided with a set of "scratch and sniff" cards to be scratched and sniffed at specific times during the film, which provided an additional sensory connection to the viewed image.In 1983, Lynne joined the board.
A Nightmare on Elm Street was produced and released by New Line in 1984. The resulting franchise was New Line's first commercially successful series, leading the company to be nicknamed "The House that Freddy Built". The film was made on a budget of $1.8 million and grossed over $57 million.A year later, A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge was released, and grossed $3.3 million in its first three days of release and over $30 million at the US box office. In 1986, the company went public.
The third film in the series, A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors , was released in 1987, the studio's first national release,and opened at number one, grossing $8.9 million for the weekend, a record for an independent film at the time, and went on to gross almost $45 million at the US box office. A further six films have been made. The first six grossed $500 million worldwide and the next three $250 million, for a total of $750 million.
In 1990, Lynne became president and chief operating officer, with Shaye as chairman and chief executive officer.The same year, New Line released Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles which became the highest-grossing independent film of all-time with a gross of $135 million in the United States and Canada. It was followed by a sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze (1991) which was the second highest-grossing with a gross of $78 million in the United States and Canada. A third, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III followed in 1993.
In November 1990, New Line purchased a 52% stake in the television production company RHI Entertainment (now Sonar Entertainment), which would later be sold to Hallmark Cards in 1994.
In early 1991, Fine Line Features was set up as a wholly owned subsidiary headed by Ira Deutchman and released films including Jane Campion's An Angel at My Table and Gus van Sant's My Own Private Idaho .Halfway through the year, Carolco Pictures, entered into a joint venture with New Line to start Seven Arts, a distribution company which primarily released much of Carolco's low-budget output. In 1997, Shine received the studio's first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Picture and their second film to win an Academy Award with Geoffrey Rush's win for Academy Award for Best Actor.
In May 1991, New Line purchased the home video and foreign rights to 600 films held by Sultan Entertainment Holdings (aka Nelson Entertainment Group). The deal also included an 11-film distribution deal with Turner subsidiary Castle Rock Entertainment. On November 27, 1991, New Line purchased Sultan outright.
In 1992, Michael De Luca became executive vice-president and chief executive officer of the production unit.
On January 28, 1994, New Line Cinema was acquired by the Turner Broadcasting System for $500 million,which later merged with Time Warner in 1996. New Line Cinema was kept as its own separate entity, while fellow Turner-owned studios Hanna-Barbera Productions and Castle Rock Entertainment eventually became units of Warner Bros.
During its time as an entity separate from Warner Bros., New Line Cinema continued to operate several divisions, including theatrical distribution, marketing and home video.
The company's fortunes took a downturn in 1996 after losses on The Island of Dr. Moreau and The Long Kiss Goodnight .In 1999, Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me became the company's highest grosser (and the highest-grossing independent film).
New Line produced The Lord of the Rings film trilogy which became their most successful films to date, grossing over $2.9 billion worldwide.The films were nominated for 30 Academy Awards, including nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture for each film, and won 17, with the final picture, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) winning a (joint) record eleven, including Best Picture, as well as being the second highest-grossing film of all time at the time of its release.
Despite the success of The Lord of the Rings films, Town and Country (2001) generated a loss of $100 million and De Luca left as production head to be replaced by Toby Emmerich.In 2001, Shaye and Lynne became co-chairmen and co-CEO.
The studio was also a partner in founding a new distribution company named Picturehouse in 2005. Specializing in independent film, Picturehouse was formed by Bob Berney, who left distributor Newmarket Films, New Line, who folded their Fine Line division into Picturehouse, and HBO Films, a division of HBO and a subsidiary of Time Warner, who was interested in getting into the theatrical film business.
On February 28, 2008, Time Warner's CEO at the time, Jeffrey Bewkes, announced that New Line would be shut down as a separately operated studio. Shaye and Lynne said that they would step down with a letter to their employees. They promised, however, along with Time Warner and Jeffery Bewkes, that the company would continue to operate its financing, producing, marketing and distributing operations of its own films, but would do so as a part of Warner Bros. and be a smaller studio, releasing a smaller number of films than in past years.The box office disappointment of The Golden Compass was largely blamed for the decision, in which New Line spent $180 million on its development, yet it only grossed $70 million in the United States market. In March, Emmerich became president and chief operating officer, whilst both founders Robert Shaye and Michael Lynne had left the company.
On May 8, 2008, it was announced that Picturehouse would shut down in the fall.Berney later bought the Picturehouse trademarks from Warner Bros. and relaunched the company in 2013.
New Line moved from its long-time headquarters on Robertson Boulevard in Los Angeles in June 2014 to Warner Bros.' lot Building 76, formerly used by Legendary Entertainment, a former Warner Bros. film co-financier.The last film released by New Line Cinema as a free-standing company was the Will Ferrell film Semi-Pro .
As for the company's future, Alan Horn, the Warner Bros. president at the time of the consolidation, stated, "There's no budget number required. They'll be doing about six per year, though the number may go from four to seven; it's not going to be 10." As to content, "New Line will not just be doing genre [...] There's no mandate to make a particular kind of movie."
|Rank||Title||Year||Domestic gross||Worldwide gross||Notes|
|1||The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King *||2003||$377,845,905||$1,142,456,987|
|2||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers *||2002||$342,551,365||$943,396,133|
|3||It||2017||$327,481,748||$701,796,444||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Vertigo Entertainment, Lin Pictures, KatzSmith Productions and RatPac-Dune Entertainment|
|4||The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring *||2001||$315,544,750||$888,159,092|
|5||The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey||2012||$303,003,568||$1,017,003,568||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures|
|6||The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug||2013||$258,366,855||$958,366,855||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures|
|7||The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies||2014||$253,161,689||$956,019,788||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures|
|8||Rush Hour 2||2001||$226,164,286||$347,325,802|
|9||Austin Powers in Goldmember||2002||$213,307,889||$296,938,801|
|11||Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me||1999||$206,040,086||$312,016,928|
|13||Straight Outta Compton||2015||$161,197,785||$201,634,991||Distributed by Universal Pictures; co-production with Legendary Pictures|
|14||San Andreas||2015||$155,190,832||$473,990,832||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Village Roadshow Pictures and RatPac-Dune Entertainment|
|15||Sex and the City||2008||$152,647,258||$418,765,321||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with HBO Films|
|16||We're the Millers||2013||$150,394,119||$269,994,119||Distributed by Warner Bros.|
|18||Rush Hour 3||2007||$140,125,968||$258,097,122|
|19||Shazam!||2019||$139,630,393||$365,971,656||Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with DC Films, The Safran Company and Seven Bucks Productions|
|20||The Conjuring||2013||$137,400,141||$319,494,638||Distributed by Warner Bros.|
|21||Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles||1990||$135,265,915||$201,965,915|
|22||Central Intelligence||2016||$127,440,871||$216,972,543||Distributed by Warner Bros.|
|23||Dumb and Dumber||1994||$127,175,374||$247,275,374|
|24||Mr. Deeds||2002||$126,293,452||$171,269,535||studio credit; Distributed by Columbia Pictures|
*Includes theatrical reissue(s).
The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are four fictional teenaged superhero anthropomorphic mutant turtles. Named after Italian Renaissance artists, they were trained by their anthropomorphic rat sensei in the Japanese martial art of ninjutsu. From their home in the sewers of New York City, they battle petty criminals, evil overlords, mutated creatures, and alien invaders while attempting to remain hidden from society. They were created by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird. The characters originated in comic books published by Mirage Studios and expanded into cartoon series, films, video games, toys, and other merchandise. During the peak of the franchise's popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it gained worldwide success and fame.
Turner Entertainment Company is an American multimedia company founded by Ted Turner in 1986. Purchased by Time Warner in 1996 as part of its acquisition of Turner Broadcasting System (TBS), the company was largely responsible for overseeing the TBS library for worldwide distribution. In recent years, this role has largely been limited to being the copyright holder, as it has become an in-name-only subsidiary of Warner Bros., which currently administers their library.
Carolco Pictures, Inc. was an American independent motion picture production company that existed from 1976 to 1995, founded by Mario Kassar and Andrew G. Vajna. Kassar and Vajna ran Carolco together until 1989, when Vajna left to form Cinergi Pictures. Carolco hit its peak in the 1980s and early 1990s, with blockbuster successes including the first three films of the Rambo series, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Total Recall, Basic Instinct and Stargate. Nevertheless, the company was losing money overall, and required a corporate restructuring in 1992. The 1995 film Cutthroat Island, intended to be a comeback for the studio, instead lost $147 million and brought the company to an end.
Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896. In the early 1900s, Pathé became the world's largest film equipment and production company, as well as a major producer of phonograph records. In 1908, Pathé invented the newsreel that was shown in cinemas before a feature film.
Village Roadshow Pictures is an American co-producer and co-financier of major Hollywood motion pictures, established in 1986. Now a division under Village Roadshow Entertainment Group (VREG), it has produced over 100 films since its establishment in 1986 including, as co-productions with Warner Bros., The Matrix series, the Sherlock Holmes series, the Happy Feet series, the Ocean’s series, The Lego Movie and Joker. The films in the Village Roadshow library have achieved 34 number one U.S. box office openings and received 50 Academy Award nominations, 19 Academy Awards and six Golden Globe Awards.
Warner Bros. Home Entertainment, is the home video distribution division of Warner Bros. Entertainment, part of the Studios & Networks division of WarnerMedia.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze is a 1991 martial arts superhero comedy film directed by Michael Pressman, based on the fictional superhero team the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and starring Paige Turco and David Warner with the voices of Brian Tochi, Robbie Rist, Adam Carl, Laurie Faso. It is the sequel to the film Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990). The film is distributed in the United States by New Line Cinema, and internationally distributed by 20th Century Fox.
Warner Independent Pictures was an independent film division of the American film studio Warner Bros., itself a division of WarnerMedia, which then was known as Time Warner. Established in August 2003, its first release was 2004's Before Sunset. The division financed, produced, acquired and distributed feature films largely budgeted under $20 million.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III is a 1993 martial arts superhero comedy film written and directed by Stuart Gillard. Based on the fictional superhero team the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, it is the sequel to the film Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze (1991) and is the final installment of the original trilogy. It was produced by Clearwater Holdings Ltd. and Golden Harvest. With the voices of Brian Tochi, Corey Feldman, Tim Kelleher, Robbie Rist, and James Murray. It was the last Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film released by New Line Cinema and released on VHS along with Columbia TriStar Home Video. Like the previous film, it was internationally distributed by 20th Century Fox.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles is a 1990 martial arts superhero film, based on the fictional superhero team of the same name. The film follows the turtles on a quest to save their master, Splinter, with their new allies, April O'Neil and Casey Jones, from The Shredder and his Foot Clan. Directed by Steve Barron, it stars Judith Hoag, Elias Koteas, and the voices of Brian Tochi, Robbie Rist, Corey Feldman, and Josh Pais.
Picturehouse is an American independent entertainment company owned by CEO Bob Berney and COO Jeanne R. Berney. Based in Los Angeles, the company specializes in film marketing and distribution, both in the U.S. and internationally. Its releases have included Nimród Antal’s Metallica Through the Never, which opened with an exclusive IMAX run and was a Grammy Award nominee for Best Music Film, and Adam Wingard’s Sundance Film Festival selection The Guest, an Independent Spirit Award nominee starring Dan Stevens.
Robert Kenneth Shaye is an American businessman, film producer, actor, director, and writer. He is the founder of New Line Cinema, a film production studio that distributed successful blockbuster films such as A Nightmare on Elm Street, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and The Lord of the Rings. In 2008, New Line was merged with Warner Bros. Pictures.
New Line Home Entertainment was the home entertainment distribution arm of New Line Cinema, founded in 1990. According to New Line's website, Misery was the first New Line Home Video release.
The fictional comic book team known as the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles created by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird have appeared in six feature-length films since their debut. The first film, titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, was released in 1990 at the height of the franchise's popularity and was a commercial success. The success of the film garnered two direct sequels, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze in 1991 and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III in 1993. A computer-generated imagery (CGI) film titled TMNT was released in 2007 and built on the success of the 2003–2009 TV series. A fifth film by Paramount Pictures and Nickelodeon Movies was released on August 8, 2014, and served as a reboot to the original live-action films. A sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows, was released on June 3, 2016. The six films have grossed $1.2 billion worldwide. A seventh film, which will be a CGI reboot, is in development.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles is a 2014 American superhero film based on the fictional superhero team of the same name. It is the fifth theatrical Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film and the first in the reboot series. The film was directed by Jonathan Liebesman and written by Josh Appelbaum, André Nemec, and Evan Daugherty. It features the main characters portrayed by a new cast, and stars Megan Fox, Will Arnett, William Fichtner, Danny Woodburn, Abby Elliott, Noel Fisher, Jeremy Howard, Pete Ploszek, and Alan Ritchson, as well as the voices of Johnny Knoxville and Tony Shalhoub.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows is a 2016 American superhero film based on the fictional superhero team the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. It is the sixth theatrical Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film, the second and final film in the reboot series, and a sequel to 2014's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. The film was directed by Dave Green and written by Josh Appelbaum and André Nemec. It stars Megan Fox, Stephen Amell, Will Arnett, Laura Linney, Noel Fisher, Jeremy Howard, Pete Ploszek, Alan Ritchson, Brian Tee, and Tyler Perry.
Dave Green is an American film and music video director. He is well-known for directing several music videos and short films, especially working with Miles Fisher. He made his directorial debut with the 2002 film "the sophmore", and then the 2014 film Earth to Echo, and then directed the 2016 film, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows.
Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles is a 2019 animated crossover superhero film, directed by Jake Castorena, written by Marly Halpern-Graser, and produced by Warner Bros. Animation, DC Entertainment, and Nickelodeon. The film is an adaptation of the six-issue intercompany crossover comic book miniseries Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles by James Tynion IV and Freddie Williams II. The story focuses on Batman, Robin and Batgirl teaming up with the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, in order to save Gotham City from chaos at the hands of both Shredder and Ra's al Ghul with their sect: the Foot Clan and the League of Assassins. The film itself features the voices of Troy Baker, Darren Criss, Eric Bauza, Cas Anvar and Andrew Kishino.
Warner Bros. Pictures is an American film production and distribution studio owned by the WarnerMedia Studios & Networks Group. Headquartered at the Warner Bros. Studios complex in Burbank, California, it is the flagship label of the Warner Bros. Pictures Group division of Warner Bros. Entertainment, itself a division of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923 by Harry Warner, Albert Warner, Sam Warner, and Jack L. Warner, in addition to producing its own films, it handles filmmaking operations, theatrical distribution, marketing and promotion for films produced and released by other Warner Bros. labels, including Warner Bros. Animation, Warner Animation Group, New Line Cinema, DC Films, and Castle Rock Entertainment, as well as various third-party producers.