|Founded||December 10, 1971|
|Headquarters|| Letterman Digital Arts Center |
1 Letterman Dr.,
Number of locations
|Products|| Star Wars |
|Owner||The Walt Disney Company|
Number of employees
|Parent||Walt Disney Studios|
|Divisions|| LucasArts |
|Subsidiaries|| Industrial Light & Magic |
|Website|| Official website |
Lucasfilm Ltd. LLC is an American film and television production company that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The studio is best known for creating and producing the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises, as well as its leadership in developing special effects, sound and computer animation for film. Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971 in San Rafael, California; most of the company's operations were moved to San Francisco in 2005.Disney acquired Lucasfilm in October 2012 for $2.2 billion in cash and $1.855 billion in stock.
A production company, production house, production studio, or a production team provides the physical basis for works in the realms of the performing arts, new media art, film, television, radio, comics, interactive arts, video games, websites, and video. Production teams are a group of technical staff who produce the media. Generally the term refers to all individuals responsible for the technical aspects of creating of a particular product, regardless of where in the process their expertise is required, or how long they are involved in the project. For example, in a theatrical performance, the production team includes not only the running crew, but also the theatrical producer, designers and theatre direction.
The Walt Disney Studios is an American film studio, one of the four major businesses of The Walt Disney Company and the main component of its Studio Entertainment segment. The studio, one of the "Big Five" major film studios and best known for its multi-faceted film divisions, is based at the eponymous Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. Founded in 1923, it is the fourth-oldest among the major studios.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Walt Disney or simply Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971,and incorporated as Lucasfilm Ltd. on September 12, 1977. In 2005, Lucasfilm opened a studio in Singapore.
George Walton Lucas Jr. is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur. Lucas is known for creating the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises and founding Lucasfilm, LucasArts and Industrial Light & Magic. He was the chairman and CEO of Lucasfilm before selling it to The Walt Disney Company in 2012.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew.
In January 2012, Lucas announced his retirement from producing large-scale blockbuster films and instead re-focusing his career on smaller, independently budgeted features.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful. The term has also come to refer to any large-budget production intended for "blockbuster" status, aimed at mass markets with associated merchandising, sometimes on a scale that meant the financial fortunes of a film studio or a distributor could depend on it.
In June 2012, it was announced that producer Kathleen Kennedy, a long-term collaborator with Steven Spielberg and a producer of the Indiana Jones films, had been appointed as co-chair of Lucasfilm Ltd. It was reported that Kennedy would work alongside Lucas, who would remain chief executive and serve as co-chairman for at least one year, after which she would succeed him as the company's chairperson, which she did in June 2013.
Kathleen Kennedy is an American film producer and current president of Lucasfilm. In 1981, she co-founded the production company Amblin Entertainment with Steven Spielberg and husband Frank Marshall.
On July 8, 2012, Lucasfilm's marketing, online, and licensing units moved into the new Letterman Digital Arts Center located in the Presidio in San Francisco. It shares the complex with Industrial Light & Magic. Lucasfilm had planned an expansion at Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, California, but shelved the plan in 2012 due to opposition from neighbors. However, it still plans to expand elsewhere.Skywalker Sound remains the only Lucasfilm division based at Skywalker Ranch.
The Letterman Digital Arts Center (LDAC), located in the Presidio, San Francisco, became the new combined home of Industrial Light & Magic, LucasArts, and Lucasfilm's marketing, online, and licensing units in 2005.
The Presidio of San Francisco is a park and former U.S. Army military fort on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in San Francisco, California, and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a city in, and the cultural, commercial, and financial center of, Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, and the fourth-most populous in California, with 883,305 residents as of 2018. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km2), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, and the fifth-most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is also part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area.
On September 5, 2012, Micheline Chau, who served as president and COO of Lucasfilm for two decades, announced that she was retiring. With her departure, senior executives for each of the Lucasfilm divisions will report directly to Kathleen Kennedy. Chau was credited with keeping the Lucasfilm and Star Wars brands strong, especially through animation spin-offs and licensing initiatives.
Discussions relating to the possibility of The Walt Disney Company signing a distribution deal with Lucasfilm officially began in May 2011, after a meeting that George Lucas had with Disney CEO Bob Iger during the inauguration of the Star Tours – The Adventures Continue attraction.Lucas told Iger he was considering retirement and planned to sell the company, as well as the Star Wars franchise. On October 30, 2012, Disney announced a deal to acquire Lucasfilm for $4.05 billion, with approximately half in cash and half in shares of Disney stock. Lucasfilm had previously collaborated with the company's Walt Disney Imagineering division to create theme park attractions centered on Star Wars and Indiana Jones for various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide.
Kathleen Kennedy, co-chairman of Lucasfilm, became president of Lucasfilm, reporting to Walt Disney Studios Chairman Alan Horn. Additionally she serves as the brand manager for Star Wars, working directly with Disney's global lines of business to build, further integrate, and maximize the value of this global franchise. Kennedy serves as producer on new Star Wars feature films, with George Lucas originally announced as serving as creative consultant.The company also announced the future release of new Star Wars films, starting with Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens in 2015.
Under the deal, Disney acquired ownership of Star Wars, Indiana Jones, and Lucasfilm's operating businesses in live-action film production, consumer products, video games, animation, visual effects, and audio post-production.Disney also acquired Lucasfilm's portfolio of entertainment technologies. The intent was for Lucasfilm employees to remain in their current locations. Star Wars merchandising would begin under Disney in the fiscal year 2014. Starting with Star Wars Rebels , certain products will be co-branded with the Disney name, akin to what Disney has done with Pixar. On December 4, 2012, the Disney-Lucasfilm merger was approved by the Federal Trade Commission, allowing the acquisition to be finalized without dealing with antitrust problems. On December 18, 2012, Lucasfilm Ltd. converted from a corporation to a limited liability company, changing its name to Lucasfilm Ltd. LLC in the process, . On December 21, 2012, Disney completed the acquisition and Lucasfilm became a wholly owned subsidiary of Disney.
Iger confirmed that Lucasfilm had plans to have standalone Star Wars films released sometime during the six-year period the sequel trilogy is being released, with Lawrence Kasdan and Simon Kinberg each developing a title.
In April 2013, the development arm of the LucasArts division was closed down and most of its staff was laid off.However, LucasArts remained open with a skeleton staff of fewer than ten employees so it could retain its function as a video game licensor. On May 6, 2013, Disney announced an exclusive deal with Electronic Arts to produce Star Wars games for the core gaming market. LucasArts retained the ability to license, and Disney Interactive Studios retained the ability to develop, Star Wars games for the casual gaming market.
20th Century Fox, the original distributor of the first six Star Wars films, retained the physical and theatrical distribution rights to the original two Star Wars trilogies and permanent full distribution rights for the original 1977 film, until May 2020 according to the 2012 Lucasfilm acquisition deal.On March 20, 2019, Disney officially acquired the studio after acquiring it's owner, 21st Century Fox, thus combining all these rights under its umbrella. Lucasfilm retains the television and digital distribution rights to Star Wars Episodes I through VI with exception to Episode IV. In December 2013, Walt Disney Studios purchased the distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films from Paramount Pictures, although the latter studio will retain the distribution rights to the first four films and will receive "financial participation" from any additional films.
On January 3, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that Dark Horse Comics' license for Star Wars comics would end in 2015, and return to fellow Disney subsidiary Marvel Comics.On April 24, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that the Star Wars expanded universe would no longer be explicitly sub canon (but may be drawn upon for future works) and that The Clone Wars and Rebels animated series would be considered canon and future Star Wars projects would be overseen by a new story group to keep to that canon. Additionally, the Star Wars Legends banner would be used for those Expanded Universe materials that are in print. Disney Publishing Worldwide also announced that Del Rey would publish a new line of canon Star Wars books under the Lucasfilm Story Group being released starting in September on a bi-monthly schedule.
On January 16, 2014, Lucasfilm opened its Sandcrawler building on Fusionopolis View in Singapore as its regional headquarters with all staff moved from Changi Business Park. The Walt Disney Company Southeast Asia and ESPN Asia Pacific were also moved into the building.
In mid September 2018, Disney CEO Bob Iger stated in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter that there would be a "slow down" in the production of Star Wars films following the under-performance of Solo: A Star Wars Story at the box office. In addition, Iger also confirmed that several Star Wars films including The Rise of Skywalker and David Benioff and D.B. Weiss' films were in development.In late September 2018, Kathleen Kennedy's contract as president was renewed for three additional years.
|Year||Film||Director(s)||Story by||Screenwriter(s)||Distributor(s)||Budget||Gross||Rotten Tomatoes||Metacritic|
|1973||American Graffiti||George Lucas||George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck||Universal Pictures||$777,000||$140 million||96%||97|
|1977||Star Wars||George Lucas||20th Century Fox 1||$11 million||$775.4 million||93% (114 reviews)||90 (24 reviews)|
|1979||More American Graffiti||Bill L. Norton||Universal Studios||$3 million||$15 million||22%||N/A|
|1980||The Empire Strikes Back||Irvin Kershner||George Lucas||Leigh Brackett and Lawrence Kasdan||20th Century Fox 1||$33 million||$538.4 million||95%||82|
|1981||Raiders of the Lost Ark||Steven Spielberg||George Lucas and Philip Kaufman||Lawrence Kasdan||Paramount Pictures||$18 million||$389.9 million||95%||85|
|1983||Return of the Jedi||Richard Marquand||George Lucas||Lawrence Kasdan and George Lucas||20th Century Fox 1||$42.7 million||$572.1 million||81%||58|
|Twice Upon a Time||John Korty and Charles Swenson||John Korty, Bill Couturié and Suella Kennedy||John Korty, Charles Swenson, Suella Kennedy and Bill Couturié||Warner Bros.||Unknown||N/A|
|1984||Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom||Steven Spielberg||George Lucas||Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz||Paramount Pictures||$28.2 million||$333.1 million||85%||57|
|1985||Latino||Haskell Wexler||Cinecom Pictures||Unknown||N/A|
|Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters||Paul Schrader||Leonard Schrader and Paul Schrader||Warner Bros.||$5 million||$20,758||88%||81|
|1986||Labyrinth||Jim Henson||Dennis Lee and Jim Henson||Terry Jones||TriStar Pictures||$27.68 million||$11.6 million||68%||50|
|Howard the Duck||Willard Huyck||Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz||Universal Pictures||$37 million||$48 million||15%||28|
|1988||Willow||Ron Howard||George Lucas||Bob Dolman||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer||$35 million||$57.3 million||53%||47|
|Tucker: The Man and His Dream||Francis Ford Coppola||Arnold Schulman and David Seidler||Paramount Pictures||$24 million||$19.7 million||84%||74|
|The Land Before Time||Don Bluth||Judy Freudberg and Tony Geiss||Stu Krieger||Universal Pictures||$12.5 million||$84.4 million||70%||66|
|1989||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade||Steven Spielberg||George Lucas and Menno Meyjes||Jeffrey Boam||Paramount Pictures||$48 million||$474.2 million||88%||65|
|1994||Radioland Murders||Mel Smith||George Lucas||Willard Huyck, Gloria Katz, Jeff Reno and Ron Osborn||Universal Pictures||$15 million||$1.3 million||24%||N/A|
|1999||Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace||George Lucas||20th Century Fox 1||$115 million||$1.027 billion||54%||51|
|2002||Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones||George Lucas||George Lucas and Jonathan Hales||$115 million||$649.4 million||66%||54|
|2005||Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith||George Lucas||$113 million||$848.8 million||79%||68|
|2008||Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull||Steven Spielberg||George Lucas and Jeff Nathanson||David Koepp||Paramount Pictures||$185 million||$786.6 million||77%||65|
|Star Wars: The Clone Wars||Dave Filoni||Henry Gilroy, Steven Melching, Scott Murphy||Warner Bros.||$8.5 million||$68.3 million||18%||35|
|2012||Red Tails||Anthony Hemingway||John Ridley||John Ridley and Aaron McGruder||20th Century Fox 1||$58 million||$50.4 million||40%||46|
|2015||Strange Magic||Gary Rydstrom||George Lucas||David Berenbaum, Irene Mecchi and Gary Rydstrom||Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures||$70-$100 million||$13.6 million||17%||25|
|Star Wars: The Force Awakens||J. J. Abrams||Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams and Michael Arndt||$250 million||$2.068 billion||93%||81|
|2016||Rogue One: A Star Wars Story||Gareth Edwards||John Knoll and Gary Whitta||Chris Weitz and Tony Gilroy||$200 million||$1.056 billion||85%||65|
|2017||Star Wars: The Last Jedi||$200 million||$1.313 billion||91%||85|
|2018||Solo: A Star Wars Story||Ron Howard||Lawrence Kasdan and Jon Kasdan||$275 million||$392.7 million||70%||62|
|2019||Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker||J. J. Abrams||J. J. Abrams and Chris Terrio||Walt Disney Studios|
|2021||Indiana Jones 5||Steven Spielberg||Dan Fogelman||Development|
|2022||Untitled Star Wars film||TBA||David Benioff & D.B. Weiss||Development|
LucasArts Entertainment Company, LLC is an American video game publisher and licensor. Until 2013, it was also a video game developer. LucasArts is best known for its graphic adventure games, as well as games based on the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises. Its headquarters are in San Francisco, California.
Star Wars is an American epic space-opera media franchise created by George Lucas. The franchise began with the eponymous 1977 film and quickly became a worldwide pop-culture phenomenon.
Pixar Animation Studios is an American computer animation film studio based in Emeryville, California, that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company. Pixar began in 1979 as the Graphics Group, part of the Lucasfilm computer division, before its spin-out as a corporation in 1986, with funding by Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs, who became the majority shareholder. Disney purchased Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion by converting each share of Pixar stock to 2.3 shares of Disney stock, a transaction that resulted in Jobs becoming Disney's largest single shareholder at the time. Pixar is best known for CGI-animated feature films created with RenderMan, Pixar's own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan image-rendering application programming interface, used to generate high-quality images.
Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is an American motion picture visual effects company that was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas. It is a division of the film production company, Lucasfilm, which Lucas founded, and was created when Lucas began production of the film Star Wars. It is also the original founder company of the animation studio Pixar Animation Studios.
Robert Allen Iger is an American media executive and businessman who is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of The Walt Disney Company. Before working for Disney, Iger served as the President of ABC Television from 1994–95, and as President/COO of Capital Cities/ABC, Inc. from 1995 until Disney's acquisition of the company in 1996.
Lucasfilm Animation Ltd. LLC is the animation division of Lucasfilm, established in 2003. Its first major production was the feature film Star Wars: The Clone Wars and its spin off television series. In September 2016, Dave Filoni, known for his contributions to Star Wars: The Clone Wars and Star Wars Rebels, accepted a promotion to oversee the development of all future Lucasfilm Animation projects.
The Star Wars sequel trilogy is the third and final saga of the Star Wars franchise, an American space opera created by George Lucas. It is being produced by Lucasfilm Ltd. and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. The trilogy is to consist of episodes VII through IX, chronologically following the prequel trilogy and the original trilogy. Lucas had planned a sequel trilogy as early as 1976, but had canceled it by 1981 and produced only the first six episodes. The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm in late 2012 and announced plans to produce the sequel films. It serves as the final act of the "Skywalker saga".
Indiana Jones is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones, Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology. It began in 1981 with the film Raiders of the Lost Ark. A prequel, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, followed in 1984, and a sequel, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, was released in 1989. A fourth film, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, was released in 2008, and was the last in the series to be distributed by Paramount Pictures. A fifth film is scheduled to be released in mid-2021. The series was created by George Lucas, and its films are directed by Steven Spielberg and star Harrison Ford as the title character. The Walt Disney Company has owned the Indiana Jones intellectual property since its acquisition of Lucasfilm, the series' production company, in 2012. Paramount retains the distribution rights to the first four films and television series.
Star Wars: The Force Awakens is a 2015 American epic space-opera film produced, co-written and directed by J. J. Abrams. It is the first installment of the Star Wars sequel trilogy, following Return of the Jedi (1983), and the seventh episode of the main Star Wars film franchise. The film stars Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher, Adam Driver, Daisy Ridley, John Boyega, Oscar Isaac, Lupita Nyong'o, Andy Serkis, Domhnall Gleeson, Anthony Daniels, Peter Mayhew, and Max von Sydow, and was produced by Lucasfilm Ltd., Abrams's production company Bad Robot Productions and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. The Force Awakens is the first Star Wars film to not significantly involve franchise creator George Lucas. Set 30 years after Return of the Jedi, the film follows Rey, Finn, and Poe Dameron's search for Luke Skywalker and their fight alongside the Resistance, led by General Leia Organa and veterans of the Rebel Alliance, against Kylo Ren and the First Order, a successor to the Galactic Empire.
Star Wars expanded to other media includes all Star Wars fictional material produced by Lucasfilm or officially licensed by it outside of the original Star Wars films and television series. Intended as an enhancement to and extension of the theatrical films produced by George Lucas, the spin-off material was moderated by Lucasfilm, and Lucas reserved the right to both draw from and contradict it in his own works. This includes an array of derivative Star Wars works produced in conjunction with, between, and after the original trilogy (1977–1983), prequel trilogy (1999–2005), and sequel trilogy (2015–2019) of films, and includes books, comic books, video games, and television series.
Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker is an upcoming American epic space-opera film produced, co-written and directed by J. J. Abrams. It will be the third installment of the Star Wars sequel trilogy, following The Force Awakens (2015) and The Last Jedi (2017), and the ninth and final episode of the main Star Wars film franchise. The film was produced by Lucasfilm, Abrams's production company Bad Robot Productions and is scheduled to be distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. The film's ensemble cast includes Daisy Ridley, Adam Driver, John Boyega, Oscar Isaac, Lupita Nyong'o, Domhnall Gleeson, Kelly Marie Tran, Joonas Suotamo, Billie Lourd, Naomi Ackie, Richard E. Grant, Keri Russell, Mark Hamill, Anthony Daniels, Carrie Fisher, Billy Dee Williams and Ian McDiarmid; the latter two return to the franchise onscreen for the first time since 1983's Return of the Jedi and 2005's Revenge of the Sith, respectively.
Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge is an upcoming Star Wars-themed area being developed within Disneyland Park at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, and Disney's Hollywood Studios at Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida. It will encompass 14 acres (5.7 ha) at each park.
Disney+ is an upcoming over-the-top subscription video on-demand service owned and operated by the Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International division of The Walt Disney Company. It is set to launch in the United States on November 12, 2019. It will be focused on film and television content from Walt Disney Studios and Walt Disney Television. Original films and television series based on new and existing properties are also planned, including content from Disney, Pixar, Marvel, Lucasfilm, National Geographic, and 20th Century Fox.
The Mandalorian is an upcoming American space-opera web television series scheduled to premiere on Disney+ on November 12, 2019. Set in the Star Wars universe, the series will take place five years after the events of Return of the Jedi, and follows a lone Mandalorian gunfighter beyond the reaches of the New Republic.
Prior to the Company's acquisition, Lucasfilm produced six Star Wars films (Episodes 1 through 6). Lucasfilm retained the rights to consumer products related to all of the films and the rights related to television and electronic distribution formats for all of the films, with the exception of the rights for Episode 4, which are owned by a third-party studio. All of the films are distributed by a third-party studio in the theatrical and home video markets. The theatrical and home video distribution rights for these films revert to Lucasfilm in May 2020 with the exception of Episode 4, for which these distribution rights are retained in perpetuity by the third-party studio.
While Lucasfilm always strived to keep the stories created for the EU consistent with our film and television content as well as internally consistent, [Franchise creator George Lucas] always made it clear that he was not beholden to the EU,