The Samuel Goldwyn Company

Last updated
The Samuel Goldwyn Company
Type Corporation
FoundedJune 16, 1978
Founder Samuel Goldwyn Jr.
DefunctMarch 15, 1999
FateMerged with United Artists
Successor Samuel Goldwyn Films
United Artists
OwnerIndependent (1978–1996)
Metromedia (1996–1997)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1997–present)
Divisions Samuel Goldwyn Television
Samuel Goldwyn Home Entertainment
Heritage Entertainment, Inc.

The Samuel Goldwyn Company was an American independent film company founded by Samuel Goldwyn Jr., the son of the famous Hollywood mogul, Samuel Goldwyn, in 1978.

Contents

Background

The company originally distributed and acquired art-house films from around the world to U.S. audiences; they soon added original productions to their roster as well, starting with The Golden Seal in 1983. [1]

In succeeding years, the Goldwyn company was able to obtain (from Samuel Sr.'s estate) the rights to all films produced under the elder Goldwyn's supervision, including the original Bulldog Drummond (1929), Arrowsmith (1931), and Guys and Dolls (1955). The company also acquired some distribution rights to several films and television programs that were independently produced but released by other companies, including Sayonara , the Hal Roach–produced Laurel & Hardy–starring vehicle Babes in Toyland (1934), the Flipper TV series produced by MGM Television, the Academy Award–winning Tom Jones (1963), and the Rodgers and Hammerstein film productions of South Pacific (1958) and Oklahoma! (1955), as well as the CBS Television adaptation of Cinderella (1965).

Animated films include Swan Lake , Aladdin and the Magic Lamp , The Care Bears Movie , The Chipmunk Adventure and Rock-a-Doodle . Among the television programs in the Goldwyn company's library are the television series American Gladiators and Steve Krantz's miniseries Dadah Is Death .

In 1991, after a merger with Heritage Entertainment, Inc., the company went public as Samuel Goldwyn Entertainment. Heritage and Goldwyn attempted to merge during late 1990, but the plans fell apart while Heritage went through a Chapter 11 bankruptcy. [2] The merger also allowed Goldwyn to inherit the Landmark Theatres chain, which was a unit of Heritage.

That company and its library were acquired by Metromedia on July 2, 1996 for US$125 million. [3] [4] To coincide with the purchase, the Samuel Goldwyn Company was renamed Goldwyn Entertainment Company, and was reconstituted as a subsidiary of Metromedia's Orion Pictures unit. That year, Orion and Goldwyn became part of the Metromedia Entertainment Group (MEG). Goldwyn became the specialty films unit of MEG, though they would seek out films with crossover appeal. While Orion and Goldwyn would share the overhead costs, the production/acquisition operations would operate independently from each other. [5]

In 1997, Metromedia sold its entertainment group to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. [6] The Landmark Theatres group, which Metromedia did not sell to MGM, was taken over by Silver Cinemas, Inc. on April 27, 1998. [7]

In September 1997, the company was renamed Goldwyn Films and operated as MGM's specialty films unit. A month later, Samuel Goldwyn Jr. sued MGM and Metromedia, claiming that he was abruptly let go of the company despite promises that he would continue to run it under different ownership. Another concern in the lawsuit was the use of the Goldwyn name, with the defendants being accused of “palming off specialized films produced or acquired by” the unit as though the plaintiff was still involved in its management. [8] Goldwyn Films changed its name to G2 Films in January 1999 as part of the settlement. [9]

In July 1999, G2 Films was renamed United Artists International. [10] As well as all that, UA became an arthouse film producer/distributor. The younger Goldwyn has since gone on to found Samuel Goldwyn Films. This successor company has continued to release independent films such as What the Bleep Do We Know!? and the Academy Award–nominated The Squid and the Whale .

Since the new Goldwyn company has formed, MGM currently holds much of the original Goldwyn Company's holdings (including, with few exceptions, the non-Goldwyn-produced properties) that would end up with the library of Orion Pictures, now an MGM division. One Goldwyn-produced film, The Hurricane , which was a part of the original Goldwyn Company library, has had its ownership returned to its original distributor, United Artists (also an MGM division).

Filmography

1970s

Release DateTitle
June 1978 Zero to Sixty
June 15, 1979 The Water Babies
October 1979The Last Word

1980s

Release DateTitleNotes
February 8, 1981 Spetters
June 19, 1981 Stevie
July 23, 1981 Swan Lake North American distribution only, produced by Toei Company, Ltd. and Toei Animation Company, Ltd.
March 21, 1982 Forbidden Zone
May 26, 1982 Gregory's Girl
August 17, 1982 Aladdin and the Magic Lamp North American distribution only; produced by Toei Company, Ltd. and Toei Animation Company, Ltd.
November 1982 Don't Cry, It's Only Thunder
November 1982 Time Walker
February 27, 1983Bankers Also Have Souls
August 12, 1983 The Golden Seal
September 4, 1983 Lonely Hearts
November 4, 1983Experience Preferred... But Not Essential
January 1984 Goodbye Pork Pie
February 15, 1984 That Sinking Feeling
May 1984 Another Time, Another Place
August 17, 1984Secrets
September 12, 1984 A Joke of Destiny
October 1, 1984 Stranger Than Paradise
October 19, 1984 The Ploughman's Lunch
November 1, 1984 Not for Publication
January 25, 1985 The Perils of Gwendoline in the Land of the Yik-Yak
March 29, 1985 The Care Bears Movie produced by Nelvana
April 19, 1985Petit Con
May 17, 1985 Silver City
June 2, 1985The Holy Innocents
August 9, 1985 Dance with a Stranger North American distribution only
October 4, 1985Always
November 8, 1985 Bring on the Night
November 18, 1985 Once Bitten
February 14, 1986 Turtle Diary
February 21, 1986 Getting Even
March 7, 1986 Desert Hearts
April 25, 1986 Three Men and a Cradle
July 7, 1986 The Girl in the Picture
November 7, 1986 Sid and Nancy
January 30, 1987Malandro
March 13, 1987 Witchboard
March 20, 1987 Hollywood Shuffle
May 8, 1987 Prick Up Your Ears
May 22, 1987 The Chipmunk Adventure produced by Bagdasarian Productions
July 17, 1987 Ping Pong
August 27, 1987 Backlash
August 28, 1987 The Rosary Murders
September 11, 1987 A Prayer for the Dying
November 13, 1987 Hello Mary Lou: Prom Night II
April 13, 1988Beatrice
July 22, 1988 Mr. North
October 9, 1988 Hôtel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbie
October 21, 1988 Mystic Pizza
March 3, 1989 Heart of Midnight
October 13, 1989 Breaking In
November 8, 1989 Henry V
December 8, 1989 Fear, Anxiety & Depression

1990s

Release DateTitleNotes
February 2, 1990 Stella co-production with Touchstone Pictures
May 11, 1990 Longtime Companion
June 12, 1990 The Misadventures of Mr. Wilt
August 17, 1990 Wild at Heart
October 12, 1990 To Sleep with Anger
November 2, 1990C'est la vie
March 1, 1991 My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys
March 8, 1991 La Femme Nikita
May 22, 1991 Straight Out of Brooklyn
May 24, 1991 Truly, Madly, Deeply
September 20, 1991 Livin' Large
October 4, 1991 Black Robe
October 11, 1991 City of Hope
December 25, 1991 Madame Bovary
February 5, 1992 Mississippi Masala
April 3, 1992 Rock-a-Doodle North American distribution only; produced by Goldcrest and Sullivan Bluth Studios
April 22, 1992 The Playboys
May 13, 1992 The Waterdance
July 10, 1992 The Best Intentions
November 11, 1992 Traces of Red
November 14, 1992 Flirting
December 25, 1992 Peter's Friends
February 19, 1993 Mac
March 3, 1993 The Stolen Children
May 7, 1993 Much Ado About Nothing
July 16, 1993Road Scholar
August 7, 1993 The Wedding Banquet
September 24, 1993 Baraka
The Program co-production with Touchstone Pictures
October 15, 1993 Mr. Wonderful overseas distribution; Warner Bros. distributed the film in the U.S.
November 5, 1993Wild West
November 26, 1993 Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould
December 21, 1993The Summer House
January 28, 1994 Golden Gate
March 18, 1994 Suture
April 27, 1994 You So Crazy
May 15, 1994 A Million to Juan
June 3, 1994 Fear of a Black Hat
June 10, 1994 Go Fish
July 22, 1994 Just Like a Woman
August 3, 1994 Eat Drink Man Woman
September 9, 1994 What Happened Was
October 6, 1994 Ladybird, Ladybird
November 4, 1994 Oleanna
November 18, 1994 To Live
December 28, 1994 The Madness of King George
February 3, 1995 The Secret of Roan Inish produced by First Look Pictures
March 8, 1995 The Sum of Us
April 14, 1995 The Last Good Time
May 12, 1995 The Perez Family
May 19, 1995 Rampo
June 9, 1995 Wigstock: The Movie
November 17, 1995 Reckless
January 26, 1996 Angels & Insects
April 19, 1996 August
May 1, 1996 I Shot Andy Warhol co-production with BBC Arena
May 10, 1996 Love Is All There Is
August 23, 1996 Foxfire produced by Rysher Entertainment
September 13, 1996 American Buffalo
September 20, 1996 Big Night produced by Rysher Entertainment
October 25, 1996 Palookaville
December 16, 1996 The Preacher's Wife co-production with Touchstone Pictures
February 28, 1997 Hard Eight as Goldwyn Entertainment Company co-production with Rysher Entertainment
April 11, 1997 Kissed as Goldwyn Films
May 30, 1997 Rough Magic as Goldwyn Entertainment Company
July 15, 1997 Paperback Romance as Goldwyn Entertainment Company
October 10, 1997 Napoleon as Goldwyn Films
November 7, 1997 The Hanging Garden as Goldwyn Films
November 26, 1997 Bent as Goldwyn Entertainment Company
January 16, 1998 Live Flesh as Goldwyn Films
February 20, 1998 I Love You, Don't Touch Me! as Goldwyn Films
August 14, 1998 The Chambermaid on the Titanic
September 25, 1998 Lolita as Samuel Goldwyn Films co-production with Pathé
November 6, 1998 Velvet Goldmine as Goldwyn Films
November 13, 1998 Welcome to Woop Woop as Goldwyn Entertainment Company
November 27, 1998 Immortality as Goldwyn Films
January 25, 1999Tinseltownas Samuel Goldwyn Films
May 14, 1999 Tea with Mussolini as G2 Films
June 18, 1999 Desert Blue as Samuel Goldwyn Films
September 17, 1999 Splendor as Samuel Goldwyn Films co-production with Summit Entertainment and Newmarket Capital Group

Other names

Successor

See also

Notes and references

  1. "The Golden Seal (1983)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  2. Glover, Karen (September 23, 1991). "Goldwyn, Heritage Entertainment merging (Samuel Goldwyn Co.)". Los Angeles Business Journal. 13 (38): 50.
  3. Landler, Mark (January 5, 1997). "Rich, 82, and Starting Over". The New York Times . Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-10. Retrieved 2016-05-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Andrew Hindes (1997-12-10). "Hegeman hops to Live". Variety. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  6. "Metromedia to Sell Film Units to MGM for $573 Million". The New York Times. April 29, 1997. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  7. "Metromedia International Group Completes the Sale of Landmark Theatre to Silver Cinemas". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  8. Bates, James (30 October 1997). "Goldwyn Suing Metromedia, MGM Over Firing, Contract". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  9. Higgins, Bill (January 10, 1999). "G2 Films emerges as Goldwyn, MGM settle". Variety .
  10. "United Artists restructuring by MGM - Jun. 7, 1999". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2015-02-05.

Related Research Articles

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer American media company

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's corporate headquarters are located in Beverly Hills, California.

United Artists American film studio

United Artists Corporation (UA), currently doing business as United Artists Digital Studios, is an American digital production company. Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios. UA was repeatedly bought, sold, and restructured over the ensuing century. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquired the studio in 1981 for a reported $350 million.

Orion Pictures Film production company in United States of America

Orion Pictures, legal name Orion Releasing LLC, is an American motion picture producer owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In its original operating period, the company produced and released films from 1978 until 1999 and was also involved in television production and syndication throughout the 1980s until the early 1990s. It was formed in 1978 as a joint venture between Warner Bros. and three former senior executives at United Artists. During this early period, Orion was considered a mini-major studio.

Major film studios Film production and distribution company with high output

Major film studios are production and distribution companies that release a substantial number of films annually and consistently command a significant share of box office revenue in a given market. In the American and international markets, the major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are commonly regarded as the five diversified media conglomerates whose various film production and distribution subsidiaries collectively command approximately 80 to 85% of U.S. box office revenue. The term may also be applied more specifically to the primary motion picture business subsidiary of each respective conglomerate.

Samuel Goldwyn Polish-American film producer (1879–1974)

Samuel Goldwyn, also known as Samuel Goldfish, was a Polish-American film producer. He was best known for being the founding contributor and executive of several motion picture studios in Hollywood. His awards include the 1973 Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award in 1947, and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1958.

Turner Entertainment Company is an American multimedia company founded by Ted Turner in 1986. Purchased by Time Warner in 1996 as part of its acquisition of Turner Broadcasting System (TBS), the company was largely responsible for overseeing the TBS library for worldwide distribution. In recent years, this role has largely been limited to being the copyright holder, as it has become an in-name-only subsidiary of Warner Bros., which currently administers their library.

Metromedia

Metromedia was an American media company that owned radio and television stations in the United States from 1956 to 1986 and controlled Orion Pictures from 1988 to 1997. Metromedia was established in 1956 after the DuMont Television Network ceased operations and its owned-and-operated stations were spun off into a separate company. Metromedia sold its television stations to News Corporation in 1985, and spun off its radio stations into a separate company in 1986. Metromedia then acquired ownership stakes in various film studios, including controlling ownership in Orion. In 1997, Metromedia closed down and sold its media assets to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

PolyGram Filmed Entertainment

PolyGram Filmed Entertainment was a British film studio founded in 1980 which became a European competitor to Hollywood, but was eventually sold to Seagram Company Ltd. in 1998 and was folded in 1999. Among its most successful and well known films were An American Werewolf in London (1981), Flashdance (1983), Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994), Dead Man Walking (1995), The Big Lebowski (1998), Fargo (1996), The Usual Suspects (1995), The Game (1997) and Notting Hill (1999).

Samuel Goldwyn Films American film studio

Samuel Goldwyn Films is an American film company that licenses, releases and distributes art-house, independent and foreign films. It was founded by Samuel Goldwyn Jr., the son of the Hollywood business magnate/mogul, Samuel Goldwyn. The current incarnation is a successor to The Samuel Goldwyn Company.

Filmways Former American television and film production company

Filmways, Inc. was a television and film production company founded by American film executive Martin Ransohoff and Edwin Kasper in 1952. It is probably best remembered as the production company of CBS’ “rural comedies” of the 1960s, including Mister Ed, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, and Green Acres, as well as the comedy-drama The Trials of O'Brien, the western Dundee and the Culhane, the adventure show Bearcats!, the police drama Cagney & Lacey, and The Addams Family. Notable films the company produced include The Sandpiper, The Cincinnati Kid, The Fearless Vampire Killers, Ice Station Zebra, Summer Lovers, The Burning, King, Brian De Palma's Dressed to Kill and Blow Out, and Death Wish II.

MGM Television American television production/distribution studio

MGM Television Worldwide Group and Digital is an American television production/distribution studio launched on June 30, 1956 as "MGM-TV" as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

MGM Home Entertainment home video distribution arm of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Home Entertainment LLC is the home video division of the American media company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Sony Pictures Studios Television and film studio complex, California, U.S.

The Sony Pictures Studios is an American television and film studio complex located in Culver City, California at 10202 West Washington Boulevard and bounded by Culver Boulevard (south), Washington Boulevard (north), Overland Avenue (west) and Madison Avenue (east). Founded in 1912, the facility is currently owned by Sony Pictures and houses the division's film studios, such as Columbia Pictures, TriStar Pictures, and Screen Gems. The complex was the original studios of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1924 to 1986 and Lorimar-Telepictures from 1986 to 1989.

United International Pictures (UIP) is a joint venture of Paramount Pictures and Universal Pictures which distributes their films outside the United States and Canada. UIP also had international distribution rights to certain Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and United Artists films when MGM was part of the venture. In 2001, MGM left UIP, and signed a distribution deal with 20th Century Fox's overseas arm. The company formerly distributed DreamWorks Pictures releases internationally as well until 2005.

Samuel Goldwyn Productions was an American film production company founded by Samuel Goldwyn in 1923, and active through 1959. Personally controlled by Goldwyn and focused on production rather than distribution, the company developed into the most financially and critically successful independent production company in Hollywood's Golden Age.

Samuel Goldwyn Television

Samuel Goldwyn Television was the American television production/distribution division of The Samuel Goldwyn Company. Formed in 1979, the company's best-known series was the competition series American Gladiators, which was produced and distributed by the company from 1989 to 1996. In 1987, Samuel Goldwyn Television bought Victor Alexander's movie Kill Zone, which was turned into the 18-picture package The Explosives. The library of Samuel Goldwyn Television also included some episodes of the series Flipper, Gentle Ben, The Mothers-in-Law and The New Adventures of Flipper.

Orion Classics Distribution label of Orion Pictures

Orion Classics started in 1982 as the distribution label for the then independent film production company Orion Pictures, now owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. It was relaunched in 2018.

Nelson Entertainment was a Los Angeles-based film production and home video distribution company, a subsidiary of Nelson Holdings International Ltd., a Vancouver, Canada, holding company formed in 1985 by British film producer Barry Spikings and Richard Northcott, a British financier who amassed his fortune from a chain of hardware and furniture stores. The company acquired Galactic Films as well as Spikings Corporation in 1985, then later acquired distribution rights to a majority of Embassy titles after purchasing its home video division. Sometime in August 1987, Embassy Home Entertainment was renamed Nelson Entertainment, but retained the earlier brand as well as Charter Entertainment for sell-through products. Nelson then financed a deal with Castle Rock Entertainment to co-produce their films, and in addition handle the international distribution rights. In September 1988, Orion Home Video became Nelson's sales agent; in addition, Orion Pictures would later theatrically distribute a few of Nelson's titles. By February 1989, Orion was the official home video distributor of Nelson product.

Warner Bros. Pictures American film studio

Warner Bros. Pictures, doing business as Warner Bros. Pictures Group, is an American film production and distribution company owned by the WarnerMedia Studios & Networks Group through its subsidiary Warner Bros. Entertainment. Headquartered at the Warner Bros. Studios complex in Burbank, California, it is the flagship label of the Warner Bros. Pictures Group, a division of Warner Bros. Entertainment, which is part of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

Manson International was an independent American film production company and distributor. The name was derived from the founders' surnames. Initially a distributor of foreign films, it became one of the pioneer film sales agencies in the country.