The Scotsman

Last updated

The Scotsman
The-Scotsman-cover-9-May-2011.jpg
The Scotsman cover (11 May 2011)
TypeDaily newspaper
Format Compact
Owner(s) JPIMedia
EditorNeil McIntosh [1]
Founded1817
Political alignment Right wing [2]
Headquarters Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Circulation 19,449 (February 2017, 88.3% paid) [3]
Sister newspapers Edinburgh Evening News
Scotland on Sunday
ISSN 0307-5850
OCLC number 614655655
Website scotsman.com

The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh. First established as a radical political paper in 1817, it began daily publication in 1855 and remained a broadsheet until August 2004. Its parent company, JPIMedia, also publishes the Edinburgh Evening News . It had an audited print circulation of 16,349 for July to December 2018.[ citation needed ] Its website, Scotsman.com, had an average of 138,000 unique visitors a day as of 2017. [4] The title celebrated its bicentenary on 25 January 2017.

Contents

History

Scotsman office 1860 by Peddie and Kinnear Scotsman Office 1860 by Peddie and Kinnear.jpg
Scotsman office 1860 by Peddie and Kinnear
Scotsman buildings as seen from Market Street Scotsman Buildings as seen from below.JPG
Scotsman buildings as seen from Market Street
Apex of the Scotsman offices of 1899 Apex of the Scotsman Offices of 1899.jpg
Apex of the Scotsman offices of 1899
Barclay House, former home of The Scotsman's offices in Edinburgh Barclay House.JPG
Barclay House, former home of The Scotsman's offices in Edinburgh

The Scotsman was launched [5] in 1817 as a liberal weekly newspaper by lawyer William Ritchie and customs official Charles Maclaren in response to the "unblushing subservience" of competing newspapers to the Edinburgh establishment. The paper was pledged to "impartiality, firmness and independence". After the abolition of newspaper stamp tax in Scotland in 1855, The Scotsman was relaunched as a daily newspaper priced at 1d and a circulation of 6,000 copies.

The fledgling paper was originally based at 257 High Street on the Royal Mile. [6]

In 1860, The Scotsman obtained a purpose built office on Cockburn Street in Edinburgh designed in the Scots baronial style by the architects Peddie & Kinnear. [7] This backed onto their original offices on the Royal Mile. The building bears the initials "JR" for John Ritchie, the founder of the company. On 19 December 1904, [8] they moved to huge new offices at the top of the street, facing onto North Bridge, designed by Dunn & Findlay (Findlay being the son of the then owner). This huge building had taken three years to build and also had connected printworks on Market Street (now the City Art Centre). The printworks connected below road level direct to Waverley station in a highly efficient production line.

In 1953 the newspaper was bought by Canadian millionaire Roy Thomson who was in the process of building a large media group. The paper was bought in 1995 by David and Frederick Barclay for £85 million. They moved the newspaper from its Edinburgh office on North Bridge, which is now an upmarket hotel, to modern offices in Holyrood Road designed by Edinburgh architects CDA, near the subsequent location of the Scottish Parliament Building. The daily was awarded by the Society for News Design (SND) the World's Best Designed Newspaper™ for 1994. [9]

In December 2005, The Scotsman along with its sister titles owned by The Scotsman Publications Ltd was acquired, in a £160 million deal, by Johnston Press, a company founded in Scotland and at the time one of the top three largest local newspaper publishers in the UK. Ian Stewart has been the editor since June 2012, after a reshuffle of senior management in April 2012 during which John McLellan who was the paper's editor-in-chief was dismissed. Ian Stewart was previously editor of Edinburgh Evening News and remains as the editor of Scotland on Sunday .

In 2012, The Scotsman was named Newspaper of the Year at the Scottish Press Awards. [10]

In 2006 Barclay Brothers sold Barclay House to Irish property magnate Lochlann Quinn, and in 2013 Scottish video games maker Rockstar North, of Grand Theft Auto fame, signed the lease, causing Johnston Press group to move out in June 2014. [11] [12] Johnston Press have downsized to refurbished premises at Orchard Brae House in Queensferry Road, Edinburgh, a move which was quoted as saving the group £1million per annum in rent. [13]

The newspaper backed a 'No' vote in the referendum on Scottish independence. [14]

In November 2018, Johnston Press filed for administration. Shortly after filing for administration, the company was bought out by JPIMedia, a company which was bought by former Daily Mirror exec David Montgomery's new National World group in 2020. [15] [16]

Editors

1817: William Ritchie
1817: Charles Maclaren
1818: John Ramsay McCulloch
1843: John Hill Burton (acting)
1846: Alexander Russel
1876: Robert Wallace
1880: Charles Alfred Cooper [17]
1905: John Pettigrew Croal [18]
1924: George A. Waters
1944: James Murray Watson
1955: John Buchanan (acting)
1956: Alastair Dunnett
1972: Eric MacKay
1985: Chris Baur
1988: Magnus Linklater
1994: Andrew Jaspan
1995: James Seaton
1997: Martin Clarke
1998: Alan Ruddock
2000: Tim Luckhurst
2000: Rebecca Hardy
2001: Iain Martin
2004: John McGurk
2006: Mike Gilson [19]
2009: John McLellan
2012: Ian Stewart
2017: Frank O’Donnell
2020: Euan McGrory

[20]

See also

Related Research Articles

History of British newspapers

The history of British newspapers dates to the 17th century with the emergence of regular publications covering news and gossip. The relaxation of government censorship in the late 17th century led to a rise in publications, which in turn led to an increase in regulation throughout the 18th century. The Times began publication in 1785 and became the leading newspaper of the early 19th century, before the lifting of taxes on newspapers and technological innovations led to a boom in newspaper publishing in the late 19th century. Mass education and increasing affluence led to new papers such as the Daily Mail emerging at the end of the 19th century, aimed at lower middle-class readers.

<i>The Herald</i> (Glasgow) Scottish broadsheet newspaper

The Herald is a Scottish broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783. The Herald is the longest running national newspaper in the world and is the eighth oldest daily paper in the world. The title was simplified from The Glasgow Herald in 1992. Following the closure of the Sunday Herald, the Herald on Sunday was launched as a Sunday edition on 9 September 2018.

<i>Sunday Herald</i> Scottish Sunday newspaper based in Glasgow

The Sunday Herald was a Scottish Sunday newspaper, published between 7 February 1999 and 2 September 2018. Originally a broadsheet, it was published in compact format from 20 November 2005. The paper was known for having combined a centre-left stance with support for Scottish devolution, and later Scottish independence. The last edition of the newspaper was published on 2 September 2018 and it was replaced with Sunday editions of The Herald and The National.

The News Letter is one of Northern Ireland's main daily newspapers, published from Monday to Saturday. It is the world's oldest English language general daily newspaper still in publication, having first been printed in 1737.

John Ritchie Findlay Scottish newspaper owner and philanthropist

John Ritchie Findlay was a Scottish newspaper owner and philanthropist.

Scotland on Sunday is a Scottish Sunday newspaper, published in Edinburgh by JPIMedia and consequently assuming the role of Sunday sister to its daily stablemate The Scotsman. It was originally printed in broadsheet format but in 2013 was relaunched as a tabloid. Since this latest relaunch it comprises three parts, the newspaper itself which includes the original "Insight" section, a sports section and Spectrum magazine which incorporates "At Home", originally a separate magazine.

<i>Edinburgh Evening News</i> Daily newspaper located in Edinburgh, Scotland

The Edinburgh Evening News is a daily newspaper and website based in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was founded by John Wilson (1844–1909) and first published in 1873. It is printed daily, except on Sundays. It is owned by JPIMedia, which also owns The Scotsman.

Charles Maclaren

Charles Maclaren was a Scottish journalist and geologist. He co-founded The Scotsman newspaper, was its editor for 27 years, and edited the 6th Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica and the first to determinate the position of old Troy at Hisarlik

<i>Sunday Mail</i> (Scotland)

The Sunday Mail is a Scottish tabloid newspaper published every Sunday. It is the sister paper of the Daily Record and is owned by Reach plc.

Johnston Press Former multimedia company founded in Falkirk, Scotland

Johnston Press plc was a multimedia company founded in Falkirk, Scotland, in 1767. Its flagship titles included UK-national newspaper the i, The Scotsman, the Yorkshire Post, the Falkirk Herald, and Belfast's The News Letter. The company was operating around 200 newspapers and associated websites around the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man when it went into administration in 2018. The Falkirk Herald was the company's first acquisition in 1846. Johnston Press's assets were transferred to JPIMedia in 2018, who continued to publish its titles.

The Scotsman Publications Limited (TSPL) was the holding company of The Scotsman, Scotland on Sunday, Edinburgh Evening News and Herald & Post newspapers, and of the Scotsman.com website.

The Falkirk Herald is a weekly newspaper and daily news website published by JPIMedia. It provides reportage, opinion and analysis of news, current affairs and sport in the towns of Falkirk, Grangemouth, Larbert and Denny as well as the neighbouring villages of Polmont, Redding, Brightons, Banknock and Bonnybridge. The paper's circulation area has a total population of 151,600, the fifth largest urban area in Scotland. The Falkirk Herald had an audited circulation of 21,937 in the six months from July-December 2012, making it the biggest selling local weekly newspaper in Scotland. It was named Weekly Newspaper of the Year at the 2013 Scottish Press Awards.

Derry Journal Newspapers is owned by JPIMedia. Derry Journal Newspapers owns 4 local newspapers in Northern Ireland. The 4 titles are the Derry Journal, the Sunday Journal, City News and Foyle News. The company is based on the corner of Pennyburn Pass and Duncreggan Road, Derry.

William Ritchie was a Scottish lawyer, journalist and newspaper owner.

<i>i</i> (newspaper) British compact daily newspaper published in London

The i is a British national morning paper published in London by Daily Mail and General Trust and distributed across the United Kingdom. It is aimed at "readers and lapsed readers" of all ages and commuters with limited time, and was originally launched in 2010 as a sister paper to The Independent. It was later acquired by Johnston Press in 2016 after The Independent shifted to a digital-only model. The i came under the control of JPIMedia a day after Johnston Press filed for administration on 16 November 2018. The paper and its website were bought by the Daily Mail and General Trust (DMGT) on 29 November 2019, for £49.6 million. On 6 December 2019 the Competition and Markets Authority served an initial enforcement order on DMGT and DMG Media Limited requiring the paper to be run separately pending investigation.

The Buteman was a weekly tabloid newspaper serving the Isle of Bute in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. It first published in 1854 and ceased in 2019. The final publisher was Angus County Press Ltd, a company within the Scotland and North East England division of JPIMedia.

John McLellan is a Scottish newspaper journalist, former editor of The Scotsman (2009–2012) and Scottish Conservative Party media chief (2012–2013).

Events from the year 1817 in Scotland.

Alexander Russel

Alexander Russel FRSE (1814–1876) was a Scottish newspaper editor, who spent nearly 30 years as the editor of The Scotsman.

JPIMedia Multimedia company

JPIMedia Ltd is a multimedia company founded in 2018 that took over the assets of Johnston Press following the sale of the company to its creditors.

References

  1. "JPI Media appoints Neil McIntosh as new editor of The Scotsman". The Scotsman. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  2. "Europe's media at a glance". eurotopics.net (BPB). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  3. "Regional Publications. Combined Total Circulation Certificate. July to December 2016" (PDF). Audit Bureau of Circulations. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  4. "Online Property: Activity Certificate: July to December 2016. The Scotsman.com" (PDF). Audit Bureau of Circulations. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  5. "The Scotsman Archive: Search". The Scotsman Digital Archive. UK. 25 January 1817. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  6. "(204) - Towns > Edinburgh > 1805-1834 - Post Office annual directory > 1832-1833 - Scottish Directories - National Library of Scotland". digital.nls.uk.
  7. Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Peddie & Kinnear
  8. Archive, The Scotsman Digital. "About – Scotsman Digital Archive". archive.scotsman.com.
  9. "World's Best-Designed winners (2006)". Society for News Design. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  10. "John McLellan collects newspaper of the year award". Press Gazette. UK. 20 April 2012. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  11. Lambourne, Helen. "Regional daily 'to seek new headquarters'". Hold the Front Page. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  12. "Nostalgia: Evening News on the move". Edinburgh Evening News. 21 June 2014.
  13. Greenslade, Roy (28 April 2014). "Johnston Press saves £1m a year with office move for The Scotsman". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  14. "Scotland's decision – The Scotsman's Verdict". The Scotsman. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  15. "Johnston Press: News Letter owner bought over by new company". BBC News . 17 November 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  16. "Owner of Scotsman and Yorkshire Post newspapers bought for £10m". The Guardian. 31 December 2020.
  17. "Cooper, Charles Alfred". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 380.
  18. "Croal, J. P." Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 413.
  19. Vass, Steven (10 September 2006). "Scotsman's choice of editor raises questions over future direction PRESS: APPOINTMENT Industry stunned as internal Portsmouth newspaper boss Mike Gilson wins top job". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  20. "The Scotsman Digital Archive".

Further reading