The Herald (Glasgow)

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The Herald
The Herald logo.png
The Herald building - geograph.org.uk - 576156.jpg
TypeDaily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Newsquest
PublisherHerald & Times Group
EditorDonald Martin
Founded1783 (1783)
Political alignmentNon-partisan devolutionist
LanguageEnglish
Headquarters200 Renfield Street
Glasgow
G2 3QB
CityGlasgow
CountryScotland
Circulation 25,869 (July to Dec 2017) [1]
Sister newspapers
ISSN 0965-9439
OCLC number 29991088
Website heraldscotland.com

The Herald is a Scottish broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783. [2] The Herald is the longest running national newspaper in the world [3] and is the eighth oldest daily paper in the world. [4] The title was simplified from The Glasgow Herald in 1992. [5] Following the closure of the Sunday Herald , the Herald on Sunday was launched as a Sunday edition on 9 September 2018. [6]

A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages. Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.

Newspaper Scheduled publication containing news of events, articles, features, editorials, and advertising

A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background.

The Sunday Herald was a Scottish Sunday newspaper, published between 7 February 1999 and 2 September 2018. Originally a broadsheet, it was published in compact format from 20 November 2005. The paper was known for having combined a centre-left stance with support for Scottish devolution, and later Scottish independence. The last edition of the newspaper was published on 2 September 2018 and was replaced with Sunday editions of The Herald and The National.

Contents

History

Founding

The newspaper was founded by an Edinburgh-born printer called John Mennons in January 1783 as a weekly publication called the Glasgow Advertiser. Mennons' first edition had a global scoop: news of the treaties of Versailles, reached Mennons via the Lord Provost of Glasgow just as he was putting the paper together. War had ended with the American colonies, he revealed. The Herald, therefore, is as old as the United States of America, give or take an hour or two. [7]

Peace of Paris (1783) set of treaties which ended the American Revolutionary War

The Peace of Paris of 1783 was the set of treaties that ended the American Revolutionary War. On 3 September 1783, representatives of King George III of Great Britain signed a treaty in Paris with representatives of the United States of America—commonly known as the Treaty of Paris (1783)—and two treaties at Versailles with representatives of King Louis XVI of France and King Charles III of Spain—commonly known as the Treaties of Versailles (1783). The previous day, a preliminary treaty had been signed with representatives of the States General of the Dutch Republic, but the final treaty which ended the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War was not signed until 20 May 1784; for convenience, however, it is included in the summaries below.

The story was, however, only carried on the back page. Mennons, using the larger of two fonts available to him, put it in the space reserved for late news. [8] [9]

First sale and renaming

In 1802, Mennons sold the newspaper to Benjamin Mathie and Dr James McNayr, former owner of the Glasgow Courier, which. along with the Mercury, was one of two papers Mennons had come to Glasgow to challenge. [10] Mennons' son Thomas retained an interest in the company. [2] The new owners changed the name to The Herald and Advertiser and Commercial Chronicle in 1803. In 1805 the name changed again, this time to The Glasgow Herald when Thomas Mennons severed his ties to the paper. [11]

George Outram

From 1836 to 1964, The Glasgow Herald was owned by George Outram & Co. [3] becoming the first daily newspaper in Scotland in 1858. [3] The company took its name from the paper's editor of 19 years, George Outram, an Edinburgh advocate best known in Glasgow for composing light verse. [12] Outram was an early Scottish nationalist, a member of the National Association for the Vindication of Scottish Rights. The Glasgow Herald, under Outram, argued that the promised privileges of the Treaty of Union had failed to materialise and demanded that, for example, that the heir to the British throne be called "Prince Royal of Scotland". "Any man calling himself a Scotsman should enrol in the National Association," said The Herald. [13]

George Outram Scottish advocate and journalist

George Outram was a humorous poet, Scottish advocate, friend of Professor John Wilson, and for some time editor of The Herald in Glasgow.

The National Association for the Vindication of Scottish Rights was established in 1853. The first body to publicly articulate dissatisfaction with the Union since the Highland Potato Famine and the nationalist revolts in mainland Europe during the 1840s, it was closely associated with the Tories and was motivated by a desire to secure more focus on Scottish problems in response to what they felt was undue attention being focused on Ireland by the then Liberal government. The short-lived body attracted few notable figures and was wound up in 1856.

Later years

The Herald's former building in Glasgow Wfm mackintosh lighthouse.jpg
The Herald's former building in Glasgow

In 1895, the publication moved to a building in Mitchell Street designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, which now houses the architecture centre, The Lighthouse. [14] In 1980, the publication moved to offices in Albion Street in Glasgow into the former Scottish Daily Express building.[ citation needed ] It is now based at in a purpose-built building in Renfield Street, Glasgow.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist. His artistic approach had much in common with European Symbolism. His work, alongside that of his wife Margaret Macdonald, was influential on European design movements such as Art Nouveau and Secessionism and praised by great modernists such as Josef Hoffmann. Mackintosh was born in Glasgow and died in London.

The Lighthouse, Glasgow

The Lighthouse in Glasgow is Scotland's Centre for Design and Architecture. It was opened as part of Glasgow's status as UK City of Architecture and Design in 1999.

One of the most traumatic episodes in the history of The Glasgow Herald was the battle for control and ownership of the paper in 1964. [15] Millionaires Hugh Fraser and Roy Thomson, whose newspaper empire included The Glasgow Herald's archrival, The Scotsman , fought for control of the title for 52 days. Sir Hugh Fraser was to win. The paper's then editor James Holburn was a "disapproving onlooker". [16] The Labour Party condemned the battle as "big business at its worst". [16]

The newspaper changed its name to The Herald on 3 February 1992, dropping Glasgow from its title, but not its masthead. [5] That same year the title was bought by Caledonia Newspaper Publishing & Glasgow. In 1996 was purchased by Scottish Television (later called the Scottish Media Group). [3] As of 2013, the newspaper along with its related publications, the Evening Times and Sunday Herald , were owned by the Newsquest media group. [3]

Notable people

Editorship

Graeme Smith assumed editorship of The Herald in January 2017, replacing Magnus Llewellin, who had held the post since 2013. [17] Notable past editors include: John Mennons, 1782; Samuel Hunter, 1803; George Outram, 1836; James Pagan, 1856; Prof William Jack FRSE (1870–1876); James Holburn 1955–1965; [18] George MacDonald Fraser, 1964; Alan Jenkins, 1978; Arnold Kemp 1981; Mark Douglas-Home, 2000; and Charles McGhee, 2006.

Columnists

The Herald's main political commentator is Iain Macwhirter, who writes twice a week for the paper and who is broadly supportive of independence. Columnist and political pundit David Torrance, however, is more sceptical about the need for – and prospect of – a new Scottish state. Other prominent columnists include Alison Rowat, [19] who covers everything from cinema to international statecraft; novelist Rosemary Goring; Marianne Taylor; Catriona Stewart; former Scottish justice secretary and SNP politician Kenny MacAskill; Fidelma Cook; and Kevin McKenna. Foreign editor David Pratt [20] and business editor Ian McConnell, [21] both multi-award-winning journalists, provide analysis of their fields every Friday.

The Herald Diary

Currently edited by Ken Smith, the column has been spun off in to a popular series of books since the 1980s. [22] The Herald Diary used to be edited by writer Tom Shields. [23] Sean Connery once said: "First thing each morning I turn to The Herald on my computer – first for its witty Diary, which helps keep my Scots sense of humour in tune." [24] [ better source needed ]

Publishing and circulation

It is currently printed at Carmyle, just south east of Glasgow. [25] The paper is published Monday to Saturday in Glasgow and as of 2017 it had an audited circulation of 28,900. [26] The Herald's website is protected by a paywall. It is part of the Newsquest Scotland stable of sites, which have 41m page views a month. [27]

Political stance

The Herald in every edition declares that it does not endorse any political party. However, the newspaper backed a 'No' vote in the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence. [28] The accompanying headline stated, "The Herald's view: we back staying within UK, but only if there's more far-reaching further devolution."

See also

Related Research Articles

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<i>The Scotsman</i> British national daily newspaper

The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh. First established as a radical political paper in 1817, it began daily publication in 1855 and remained a broadsheet until August 2004. Its parent company, JPIMedia, also publishes the Edinburgh Evening News. It had an audited print circulation of 16,349 for July to December 2018. Its website, Scotsman.com, had an average of 138,000 unique visitors a day as of 2017. The title celebrated its bicentenary on 25 January 2017.

Newsquest Media Group Ltd. is the second largest publisher of regional and local newspapers in the United Kingdom. It has 205 brands across the UK, publishing online and in print and reaches 28 million visitors a month online and 6.5 million readers a week in print. Based in London, Newsquest employs a total of more than 5,500 people across the UK. It also has a specialist arm that publishes both commercial and business-to-business (B2B) titles such as Insurance Times, The Strad, and Boxing News.

Mark Douglas-Home is a Scottish author and journalist. He was the editor of The Herald newspaper in Scotland 2000–2005.

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Hillhead High School school in Glasgow, Scotland

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James Pagan Reporter and editor for the Glasgow Herald and Antiquarian

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Events from the year 1783 in Scotland.

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References

  1. "The Herald – Data – ABC – Audit Bureau of Circulations". www.abc.org.uk.
  2. 1 2 Cowan, R. M. W. (1946). The newspaper in Scotland : a study of its first expansion, 1816–1860. Glasgow: G. Outram & Co. p. 21.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Terry, Stephen (2011). Glasgow Almanac: An A–Z of the City and Its People. Glasgow: Neil Wilson Publishing. Chapter 2, last page.
  4. Reid 2006, p. xiii.
  5. 1 2 Griffiths 1992, p. 305.
  6. Mayhew, Freddy (23 August 2018). "Sunday Herald to close as Newsquest launches two new Sunday newspapers for Scotland in the Sunday National and Herald on Sunday" . Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  7. Phillips 1983, p. 11.
  8. Reid 2006, p. xiv.
  9. "Glasgow". Glasgow Advertiser. 27 January 1783. p. 4.
  10. Phillips 1983, p. 13.
  11. Maclehose, James (1886). Memoirs and portraits of one hundred Glasgow men who have died during the last thirty years and in their lives did much to make the city what it now is. Glasgow: James Maclehose & Sons. p. 259.
  12. Phillips 1983, p. 48.
  13. Phillips 1983, p. 49.
  14. Shea, Christopher D. (11 July 2016). "Mackintosh's Classic Designs Abound in Glasgow". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  15. Phillips 1983, p. 152.
  16. 1 2 Phillips 1983, p. 157.
  17. "Newsquest Scotland names editorial chief – Newsquest". 21 November 2016.
  18. "From the archives". The Herald. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  19. "Profile: Alison Rowat". www.heraldscotland.com.
  20. "The Winners at the 2012 Awards – Scottish Newspaper Society". www.scotns.org.uk.
  21. "Scottish Press Awards winners announded including Herald and Scotsman – Journalism News from HoldtheFrontPage".
  22. Smith, Ken (27 October 2016). "The Herald Diary 2016: That's the Sealiest Thing I've Read!". Black and White Publishing via Amazon.
  23. Shields, Tom (4 November 1993). "Tom Shields Too: More Tom Shields' Diary". Mainstream Publishing via Amazon.
  24. Smith, Ken (7 October 2010). "The Herald Diary 2010". Black and White Publishing via Amazon.
  25. "About HeraldScotland". Glasgow: Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  26. Fraser, Douglas (24 February 2017). "Decline in Scottish newspaper print sales continues" via www.bbc.co.uk.
  27. Omniture August 2016; includes s1 and E&M Scottish network[ not specific enough to verify ]
  28. "The Herald's view: we back staying within UK, but only if there's more far-reaching further devolution". The Herald. 16 September 2014. p. 14.

Bibliography