Stephens Media (newspapers)

Last updated
Stephens Media LLC
Private
Industry Newspapers
Founded 1940 (1940) (as Donrey Media Group)
Founder Donald W. Reynolds
Headquarters Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
Products Newspapers, magazines, online
Number of employees
2,000+
Website www.stephensmedia.com

Stephens Media LLC was a Las Vegas, Nevada, diversified media investment company. It owned stakes in the California Newspapers Partnership and the Northwest Arkansas Democrat Gazette.

Nevada State of the United States of America

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City.

California Newspapers Partnership is a publisher of more than two dozen daily newspapers and several weekly newspapers in the United States state of California. The partnership is managed as a subsidiary of MediaNews Group, its majority owner. The minority partner is Stephens Media, with roughly a one-quarter ownership stake.

Contents

The company had been expanding its interactive Internet business, operating online sites for its newspapers and portal sites like LasVegas.com, which is licensed to Greenspun Media Group. The company is also a partner in the California Newspapers Partnership with MediaNews and Gannett. The company also formed Northwest Arkansas Newspapers LLC in November 2009, a joint venture with WEHCO Media Inc., in Arkansas.

The Greenspun Media Group is an independent company and was a wholly owned subsidiary of The Greenspun Corporation. Headquartered in Henderson, Nevada, the group has over 60 years experience in the Las Vegas Valley. Beginning with the Las Vegas Sun newspaper in 1950, the company has grown to more than 30 publications and a total distribution exceeding 27 million magazines and newspapers. In 2007, The Greenspun Group acquired Niche Media, which was founded in 1992 by Jason Binn. Niche Media was sold in 2014.

WEHCO Media, Inc., based in Little Rock, AR is a privately held media company with holdings that include newspapers, cable television systems, and internet service. Walter E. Hussman, Jr., is the president. Hussmann is the grandson of Clyde E. Palmer, whose media holdings formed the basis of WEHCO Media.

On November 28, 2010, Stephens Media Iowa, LLC, a subsidiary of Stephens Media, acquired several newspapers, including the Ames Tribune, Boone News-Republican, Dallas County News, Nevada Journal, Ames About People & Advertiser, Tri-County Times, and Algona Upper Des Moines from Midlands Newspapers Inc., a subsidiary of the Omaha World-Herald Company. [1] In August, 2011, the Algona Upper Des Moines was sold to Hallmark Media. [2]

<i>Omaha World-Herald</i> newspaper in Omaha, Nebraska

The Omaha World-Herald is the primary newspaper serving the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. It is based in Omaha, Nebraska, and delivers news, advertising and commentary to help keep people informed in their communities. Founded in 1885, The World-Herald has the largest news-gathering staff in the Midlands.

In February 2015, Stephens Media was purchased by GateHouse Media for $102.8 million. [3] In December 2015, GateHouse sold the Las Vegas Review-Journal , the Stephens group's largest paper, to casino magnate Sheldon Adelson for $140 million. [4]

GateHouse Media

GateHouse Media Inc., a holding company for New Media Investment Group, former symbol on OTC Markets Group's OTCQB tier GHSE, is one of the largest publishers of locally based print and digital media in the United States, headquartered in the town of Perinton, New York. As of April 2018, GateHouse Media publishes 144 daily newspapers, 684 community publications, and over 569 local-market websites in 38 states. In addition to publishing content, GateHouse Media offers commercial services including a digital marketing agency (ThriveHive), event production company, and creative services.

<i>Las Vegas Review-Journal</i> newspaper published in Las Vegas, Nevada

The Las Vegas Review-Journal is a pay for fee major daily newspaper published in Las Vegas, Nevada, since 1909. It is the largest circulating daily newspaper in Nevada and one of two daily newspapers in the Las Vegas area. It is ranked as one of the top 25 newspapers in the United States by circulation.

Sheldon Adelson American businessman, investor, and philanthropist

Sheldon Gary Adelson is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist. He is the founder, chairman and chief executive officer of Las Vegas Sands Corporation, which owns the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore, and is the parent company of Venetian Macao Limited, which operates The Venetian Resort Hotel Casino and the Sands Expo and Convention Center. He also owns the Israeli daily newspaper Israel Hayom and the American daily newspaper Las Vegas Review-Journal. Adelson, a donor and philanthropist to a variety of causes, also founded the Adelson Foundation in 2007, at the initiative of his wife, Miriam. He is a member of the Republican Party, and made the largest single donation to any U.S. presidential inauguration when he gave the Trump inaugural committee US$5 million.

History

The company was formerly called Donrey Media Group, which was founded by Arkansas media mogul Donald W. Reynolds and based in Fort Smith, Arkansas. After Reynolds died in 1993 at the age of 86, the company was sold to the Stephens family of Arkansas, known for their Little Rock investment banking business Stephens Inc. Some of Donrey's properties were sold off, and the company moved its headquarters to Las Vegas, Nevada, home of its largest newspaper, the Las Vegas Review-Journal . The company was renamed Stephens Media Group in 2002. In June 2006, the company became known as Stephens Media LLC. The company has no connection with Stephens Media Group, a radio broadcasting company in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Donald W. Reynolds Recipient of the Purple Heart medal

Donald Worthington Reynolds was an American businessman and philanthropist. During his lifetime, he was known for his involvement in the Donrey Media Group.

Fort Smith, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Fort Smith is the second-largest city in Arkansas and one of the two county seats of Sebastian County. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 86,209. With an estimated population of 88,037 in 2017, it is the principal city of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of 298,592 residents that encompasses the Arkansas counties of Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian, and the Oklahoma counties of Le Flore and Sequoyah.

Stephens Inc.

Headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas, Stephens Inc. is a privately held, independent financial services firm. As one of the largest privately owned investment banks in the country, Stephens has 28 offices worldwide and employs more than 1200 people. Warren A. Stephens is chairman, president and chief executive officer at Stephens Inc.

In 2010, Stephens Media contracted with the litigation firm Righthaven LLC, giving it the power to enforce the company's copyrights [5] when online violators go beyond the bounds of fair use. [6] More than 141 lawsuits have been filed in U.S. District Court in Las Vegas since mid-March.

In a column published in the RJ shortly after the lawsuits began, publisher Sherman Frederick, said the primary goal with the partnership with Righthaven was to deter theft of the company's copyrighted materials. [7] He said if the company was successful, he hoped Righthaven would find other media clients. In late August, WEHCO Media, which owns the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette and the Chattanooga Times Free Press , signed on with the firm. [8] MediaNews Group has also used Righthaven to file a copyright infringement suit.

The aggressive enforcement of the Stephens Media copyrights by Righthaven was being closely watched by other publishers, as is the debate it has generated. [9] Critics of the relatively new practice have coined it 'copyright trolling', and argue that the purpose of such enforcement is to make a profit. [10] In the Poynter article, Stephens Media general counsel Mark Hinueber says the goal is to make sure the company's intellectual rights are protected. "We were seeing our entire work product in some stories just being right-clicked and cut and pasted into blogs, where people were selling Google ads around them and making money." [9] The Las Vegas Sun has been thoroughly documenting Righthaven's activities and the response. The Sun’s outside law firm, Lewis and Roca, is defending several of the Righthaven suits.

Targets of the Righthaven lawsuits included bloggers, political forums, major political parties, and several of the newspaper's own sources including NORML, DailyPaul.com, Infowars, Free Republic, and others. [11] [12] [13] On August 25, 2010, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) announced that they will make efforts to assist Righthaven LLC defendants to the best of their ability. [14]

Righthaven's lawsuits came under increasing judicial scrutiny, which led to Righthaven being found in June 2011 to lack standing to sue for alleged infringement of copyrighted material to which it holds only a limited license, as such a license does not confer the right to sue for infringement. Sanctions against Righthaven and its attorney, Steven A. Gibson, of Nevada law firm Dickinson Wright, are currently being contemplated by one judge. Righthaven later had its assets seized to pay judgments levied against it in lawsuits it filed against those whom it said infringed on the copyrights of clients. As a result, copyrights which had been "sold" by Stephens to Righthaven were "sold back" to Stephens for $80,000 to pay legal fees. [15]

Joint venture

In September 2009, Stephens Media and WEHCO Media Inc., owner of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, announced plans to combine their newspaper operations in Northwest Arkansas and operate as a single company. [16] The venture was approved in November 2009 by the U.S. Justice Department and a new Arkansas Limited Liability Company, Northwest Arkansas Newspapers LLC, was formed. Stephens Media sold its interest in the joint venture to WEHCO on May 5, 2016, which assumed control of all operations of the newspapers in the joint venture. [17]

Newspapers in the joint venture include:

Holdings

Newspapers by state

Arkansas

  1. Press Argus Courier, Van Buren (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [19]
  2. Booneville Democrat, Booneville (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [20]
  3. Charleston Express, Charleston (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [21]
  4. Greenwood Democrat, Greenwood (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [22]
  5. Paris Express, Paris (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [23]
  1. White Hall Progress, White Hall (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [25]
  1. North Little Rock Times, North Little Rock (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [26]
  2. Jacksonville Patriot, Jacksonville (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [27]
  3. Sherwood Voice, Sherwood (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [28]
  4. Maumelle Monitor, Maumelle (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [29]
  1. Cabot Star-Herald, Cabot (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [30]
  2. Lonoke Democrat, Lonoke (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [31]
  3. Carlisle Independent, Carlisle (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [32]
  4. England Democrat, England (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [33]
  1. Hot Springs Village Voice, Hot Springs Village (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [34]
  2. Van Buren County Democrat, Clinton (Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [35]

Iowa

  1. Boone News-Republican, Boone, IA (DAILY) [36]
  2. Dallas County News, (Weekly) [37]
  3. Algona Upper Des Moines, Algona, IA (Weekly) [38]
  4. Nevada Journal, Nevada, IA (Weekly) [39]
  5. Tri-County Times, Nevada, IA (Weekly) [40]
  6. Ames Sun, Ames, IA (Weekly)
  7. Story County Advertiser, Ames, IA (Weekly)

Nevada

  1. Ely Times, Ely, NV (Weekly, Fri.) [41]
  2. Rebel Nation, Las Vegas, NV (Monthly, 1st of month) [42]
  3. Eureka Sentinel, Eureka, NV (twice Weekly, Wed. & Fri.)
  4. Lincoln County Record (Weekly) [43]

North Carolina

Oklahoma

  1. Pawhuska Journal-Capital, Pawhuska, OK (twice Weekly, Wed. & Sat.) [44]

Texas

  1. Anna-Melissa Tribune, Anna, TX (Weekly) [45]
  2. Grayson County Shopper, Sherman, TX (Weekly)
  3. Prosper Press, Prosper, TX (Weekly) [46]
  4. Van Alstyne Leader, Van Alstyne, TX (Weekly) [47]
  5. Lake Texoma Life, Kingston, TX (Monthly, 1st of month)

Tennessee

  1. The Advertiser News , Spring Hill, TN (Weekly, Wed.)
  2. The Value Guide, Columbia, TN (Weekly, Tues.)
  3. Franklin Life, Franklin, TN (Monthly, 15th of month) [48]
  4. Brentwood Life, Brentwood, TN (Monthly, 1st of month) [49]
  5. Healthy Living, Columbia, TN (Monthly, 3rd Wed. each month)

News bureaus

Related Research Articles

<i>Arkansas Democrat-Gazette</i> daily newspaper in Little Rock, Arkansas

The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette is the newspaper of record in the U.S. state of Arkansas, printed in Little Rock with a northwest edition published in Lowell. It is distributed for sale in all 75 of Arkansas' counties, and sold for $1 daily or $2 on Sundays/Thanksgiving Day; price is higher elsewhere outside Arkansas.

Democratic Underground is an online community for U.S. Democrats. Its membership is restricted by policy to those who are supportive of the Democratic Party and Democratic candidates for political office.

<i>Texarkana Gazette</i> daily newspaper in Texarkana, Arkansas

The Texarkana Gazette is a daily newspaper founded in 1875 and currently owned by WEHCO Media, Inc. It serves a nine-county area surrounding Texarkana.

Walter Edward Hussman Sr., was a mass media magnate from Camden, Arkansas, whose holdings included six daily newspapers in Arkansas, several radio and television stations, including the NBC outlet KTAL-TV in Texarkana, Texas, and seventeen cable systems in four states.

Walter Edward Hussman Jr., is a third-generation newspaper publisher and chief executive officer of a mass media conglomerate known as WEHCO Media, Inc. He is the publisher of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette in Little Rock, the largest newspaper in Arkansas, directs a chain of smaller newspapers, including the Chattanooga Times Free Press and the Texarkana Gazette, and owns cable television companies in four states.

The Northwest Arkansas Times is a daily newspaper in Fayetteville, Arkansas owned by Northwest Arkansas Newspapers and has circulation of 17,807 copies. It was formerly owned by the Thomson Corporation, who sold it to Hollinger in 1995; Hollinger sold it on to Community Publishers Inc., owned by Jim Walton, in 1999. In 2005, WEHCO Media bought The Northwest Arkansas Times and the Benton County Daily Record from CPI. In 2009, WEHCO and Stephens Media merged their northwest Arkansas papers into a joint venture, Northwest Arkansas Newspapers. On Jan. 5, 2015, Northwest Arkansas Newspapers consolidated their four daily newspapers, Northwest Arkansas Times, Benton County Record, Springdale Morning News, and Rogers Morning News, creating the Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, available online at https://www.nwaonline.com/.

Marc Randazza American writer

Marc J. Randazza is a First Amendment attorney, and a commentator on Infowars and Fox News on legal matters.

<i>Las Vegas Weekly</i> newspaper

Las Vegas Weekly is a free alternative weekly newspaper based in Henderson, Nevada, covering Las Vegas arts, entertainment, culture and news. Las Vegas Weekly is published by Greenspun Media Group. The paper was founded in 1992 by James P. Reza, Greg Ryan and Robert Ringle as a free monthly publication called Scope Magazine covering Southern Nevada's culture, arts, music and lifestyle from a decidedly Generation X perspective. Scope published its first issue in April 1992. In 1996, Reza partnered with Daniel Greenspun, forming a new company to publish Scope. During this partnership, Reza continued on as Managing Editor, broadening the coverage to a more traditional alternative newsweekly style, and accelerated the publishing schedule to biweekly. In 1998, Reza sold his remaining interest in Scope to The Greenspun Corporation, who retooled it and renamed it Las Vegas Weekly. As of December 2009, Las Vegas Weekly had a circulation of 65,000. In 2018, Greenspun merged sister publication The Sunday into Las Vegas Weekly.

The Southwest Times Record is a daily newspaper in Fort Smith, Arkansas and covers ten counties in western Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma. It is owned and published by New Media Investment Group.

A copyright troll is a party that enforces copyrights it owns for purposes of making money through litigation, in a manner considered unduly aggressive or opportunistic, generally without producing or licensing the works it owns for paid distribution. Critics object to the activity because they believe it does not encourage the production of creative works, but instead makes money through the inequities and unintended consequences of high statutory damages provisions in copyright laws intended to encourage creation of such works.

Righthaven LLC was a copyright enforcement company founded in early 2010. Based in Las Vegas, Nevada; it entered agreements from its partner newspapers after finding that their content had been copied to online sites without permission, in order to engage in litigation against the site owners for copyright infringement. The lawsuits were heavily criticized by commentators, who describe the activity as copyright trolling and the company as a "lawsuit factory". Righthaven LLC's CEO, Steven Gibson, who is currently a partner at Las Vegas law firm Gibson & True LLP, regularly spoke to the media about Righthaven.

<i>The Camden News</i> daily newspaper in Camden, Arkansas

The Camden News is a daily newspaper in Camden, Arkansas, which covers local news, sports, society, and business. It has a weekday circulation of 4,368.

<i>Daily Herald</i> (Columbia, Tennessee) daily newspaper in Columbia, Tennessee

The Daily Herald is a daily newspaper in Columbia, Tennessee. The newspaper is published six days a week Sunday through Friday; the paper does not publish on Saturday. Although it is primarily distributed to Maury County, Tennessee its Newspaper Designated Market (N.D.M.) stretches into five counties in Southern Middle Tennessee. The five county distribution area of The Daily Herald includes: Maury County, Tennessee; Marshall County, Tennessee; Lewis County, Tennessee; and the northern halves of both Giles County, Tennessee and Lawrence County, Tennessee.

2012–13 Las Vegas Legends season

The 2012–13 Las Vegas Legends season was the first season of the Las Vegas Legends indoor soccer club. The Legends, a Southwestern Division team in the Professional Arena Soccer League, played the majority of their home games in the Orleans Arena in Paradise, Nevada. The team was led by team president and general manager Meir Cohen, head coach Greg Howes, plus assistant coaches Peter Sharkey and Patrick Lawrence.

2014 Nevada elections

The Nevada general election, 2014 was held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 throughout Nevada.

Steve Sisolak 30th Governor of Nevada

Stephen F. Sisolak is an American businessman and politician serving as the 30th and current Governor of Nevada, since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as Chair of the Clark County Commission. After becoming involved in several civic causes and government projects, Sisolak won election to the Nevada Board of Regents and served from 1999 to 2008. In 2008, he won election to the Clark County Commission and was reelected in 2012 and 2016. In 2018, Sisolak won the Democratic nomination for Governor of Nevada, defeating Clark County Commission colleague Chris Giunchigliani in the primary election.

References

  1. Release, Press (2010-11-29). "Stephens Media Acquires Ames (IA) Tribune—Editor & Publisher ®". Editorandpublisher.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  2. http://www.algona.com/articles/2011/09/01/news/top_news/doc4e5e994a93af0920449983.txt
  3. "Review-Journal, parent Stephens Media to be sold to New Media". Las Vegas Review-Journal . 19 February 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  4. "Sheldon Adelson's Purchase of Las Vegas Paper Seen as a Power Play". The New York Times . 2 January 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  5. "Copyright, Stephens Media LLC. « Stephens Media Interactive". Stephensmedia.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  6. "U.S. Copyright Office - Fair Use". Copyright.gov. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  7. Sherman Frederick (2010-05-28). "Copyright theft: We're not taking it anymore | Las Vegas Review-Journal". Lvrj.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  8. Archived September 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .
  9. 1 2 Hochberg, Adam (2010-08-30). "Are Newspaper Copyright Lawsuits Fair Enforcement or 'Legal Extortion'? | Poynter". Poynter. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  10. Kravets, David (2010-07-23). "Newspaper Chain's New Business Plan: Copyright Suits | Threat Level". Wired.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  11. Cynthia Conlin says: (2010-08-04). "Copyright sleuthing (or, What happens in The Las Vegas Review-Journal…) | On the Record". Mddailyrecord.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  12. "List of Righthaven Lawsuits". Righthavenlawsuits.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-05. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  13. "EFF Seeks to Help Righthaven Defendants | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. 2010-08-25. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  14. Masnick, Mike (March 18, 2013). "Righthaven Copyrights 'Sold' Back To Stephens Media For $80k To Pay Legal Fees". techdirt.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  15. Business, Arkansas. "UPDATED: Democrat-Gazette, Stephens Media Plan Joint Venture in Northwest Arkansas | Arkansas Business News". ArkansasBusiness.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  16. Bahn, Chris. nwaonline.com. Northwest Arkansas Newspapers LLC http://www.nwaonline.com/news/2016/may/15/wehco-media-announces-changes-20160515/?business-arkansas . Retrieved May 26, 2016.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. Arkansas, The. "Northwest Arkansas News - Fayetteville, Springdale, Rogers, Bentonville". NWAonline. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  18. "Press Argus-Courier". Pressargus.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  19. "Booneville Democrat". Booneville Democrat. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  20. "Charleston Express". Charleston Express. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  21. "Greenwood Democrat". Greenwood Democrat. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  22. "Paris Express". Paris Express. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  23. "Pine Bluff Commercial Online". Pbcommercial.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  24. "White Hall | Pine Bluff Commercial Online". Whitehallprogress.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  25. "North Little Rock Times | Pulaski News". Nlrtimes.com. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  26. "Pulaski News". Jacksonville Patriot. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  27. "Pulaski News". Sherwood Voice. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  28. "Pulaski News". Maumelle Monitor. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  29. "Lonoke News". Cabot Star-Herald. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  30. "Lonoke News". Lonoke Democrat. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  31. "Lonoke News". Carlisle Independent. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  32. "Lonoke News". England Democrat. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  33. CAROLE SJOLANDER Staff writer. "Headlines | www.hsvvoice.com | Hot Springs Village Voice". www.hsvvoice.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  34. "Van Buren County Democrat". Vanburencountydem.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  35. "Boone News-Republican". Newsrepublican.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  36. "Dallas County News". Adelnews.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  37. "Algona Upper Des Moines > Front". Algona.com. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  38. "Nevada Iowa Journal". Nevada Iowa Journal. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  39. "Tri-County Times". Tri-County Times. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  40. "The Ely Times: Serving Nevada's White Pine County since 1920". Elynews.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  41. Carp, Steve. "UNLV Rebels | Las Vegas Review-Journal". Rebelnation.reviewjournal.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  42. "The Lincoln County Record". The Lincoln County Record. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  43. "Pawhuska Journal Capital". Pawhuska Journal Capital. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  44. "Anna-Melissa Tribune". Amtrib.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  45. "Prosper Press News". Prosper Press News. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  46. "The Van Alstyne Leader". The Van Alstyne Leader. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  47. "Franklin Life". Cdh.columbiadailyherald.com. 2013-05-16. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  48. "Brentwood Life". Cdh.columbiadailyherald.com. 2013-05-16. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  49. "Arkansas News". Arkansas News. 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-05-28.