Bea Arthur as Maude in 1973.
May 13, 1922
|Died||April 25, 2009 86) (aged|
|Alma mater|| Linden Hall School for Girls |
Blackstone College for Girls
The New School
|Occupation||Actress, comedienne, singer, activist|
Robert Alan Aurthur
(m. 1947;div. 1950)
(m. 1950;div. 1978)
|Years of service||1942–1944|
|Unit||United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Beatrice Arthur (born Bernice Frankel; May 13, 1922 – April 25, 2009) was an American actress, comedienne, and animal rights activist.
Arthur began her career on stage in 1947 and made her Broadway debut in The Threepenny Opera in 1954. She won the 1966 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for playing Vera Charles in Mame . She went on to play Maude Findlay on the 1970s sitcoms All in the Family (1971–72) and Maude (1972–78), and Dorothy Zbornak on the 1980s sitcom The Golden Girls (1985–92), winning Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series in 1977 and 1988. Her film appearances included Lovers and Other Strangers (1970) and Mame (1974). In 2002, she starred in the one-woman show Bea Arthur on Broadway: Just Between Friends.
The Threepenny Opera is a "play with music" by Bertolt Brecht, adapted from a translation by Elisabeth Hauptmann of John Gay's 18th-century English ballad opera, The Beggar's Opera, and four ballads by François Villon, with music by Kurt Weill. Although there is debate as to how much, if any, Hauptmann might have contributed to the text, Brecht is usually listed as sole author.
The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical has been presented since 1950. The award was not given at the first three Tony Award ceremonies. Nominees were not announced publicly until 1956.
Mame is a musical with the book by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee and music and lyrics by Jerry Herman. Originally titled My Best Girl, it is based on the 1955 novel Auntie Mame by Patrick Dennis and a 1956 Broadway play, by Lawrence and Lee, that starred Rosalind Russell. Set in New York City and spanning the Great Depression and World War II, it focuses on eccentric bohemian Mame Dennis, whose famous motto is "Life is a banquet and most poor sons of bitches are starving to death." Her fabulous life with her wealthy friends is interrupted when the young son of her late brother arrives to live with her. They cope with the Depression in a series of adventures.
Beatrice Arthur was born Bernice Frankel on May 13, 1922, to Rebecca (née Pressner; 1895–1985, born in Austria) and Philip Frankel (1885–1973, born in Poland) in Brooklyn, New York.Arthur was raised in a Jewish home with sisters Gertrude and Marian.
American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality. The current Jewish community in the United States consists primarily of Ashkenazi Jews, who descend from diaspora Jewish populations of Central and Eastern Europe and comprise about 90-95% of the American Jewish population. Most American Ashkenazim are US-born, with a dwindling number of now elderly earlier immigrants, as well as some more recent foreign-born immigrants.
In 1933, the Frankel family relocated to Cambridge, Maryland, where her parents subsequently operated a women's clothing shop. At age 16, Frankel developed a serious condition called Coagulopathy, in which her blood would not clot.Concerned for her health, her parents decided to send her to Linden Hall School for Girls, an all-girls' boarding school in Lititz, Pennsylvania, for her final two years of high school. Afterwards she studied for a year at Blackstone College for Girls in Blackstone, Virginia.
Cambridge is a city in Dorchester County, Maryland, United States. The population was 12,326 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Dorchester County and the county's largest municipality. Cambridge is the fourth most populous city in Maryland's Eastern Shore region, after Salisbury, Elkton and Easton.
Coagulopathy is a condition in which the blood’s ability to coagulate is impaired. This condition can cause a tendency toward prolonged or excessive bleeding, which may occur spontaneously or following an injury or medical and dental procedures. Of note, coagulopathies are sometimes erroneously referred to as "clotting disorders"; a clotting disorder is a predisposition to clot formation (thrombus), also known as a hypercoagulable state or thrombophilia.
Linden Hall is an independent boarding school and day for girls in grades 6-12 located in Lititz, Pennsylvania. The school was founded in 1746 and is the oldest girls' boarding and day school in continuous operation in the United States.
During World War II, she worked as a truck driver and typist in the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve, receiving an Honorable Discharge in September 1944 with the rank of Staff Sergeant.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (Reserve) was the World War II women's branch of the United States Marine Corps Reserve. It was authorized by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on 30 July 1942. The law provided that members of the Reserve could be commissioned or enlisted in such ranks and ratings equal to the regular Marine Corps; effective for the duration of the war plus six months. Its purpose was to release officers and men for combat and to replace them with women in U.S. shore stations. Ruth Cheney Streeter was appointed the first director of the Reserve. She was sworn in with the rank of major and later promoted to a full colonel. The Reserve did not have an official nickname, as did the other World War II women's military services, although many unofficial and uncomplimentary nicknames were used to describe its members. One of the crudest may have been BAMS, Broad Assed Marines.
After serving in the Marines, Frankel studied for a year at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, where she became a licensed medical technician.After interning at a local hospital for the summer, Frankel decided against working as a lab technician, departing for New York City in 1947 to enroll in the School of Drama at The New School.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is named after the American scientist and statesman, Benjamin Franklin, and houses the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial. Founded in 1824, the Franklin Institute is one of the oldest centers of science education and development in the United States.
Advanced emergency medical technician (AEMT) is provider of prehospital emergency medical services in the United States. A transition to this level of training from the Emergency Medical Technician-Intermediate (EMT-I), which had somewhat less training, began in 2013 and has been implemented by most states at this point. The AEMT is not intended to deliver definitive medical care in most cases, but rather to augment prehospital critical care and provide rapid on-scene treatment. AEMTs are most usually employed in ambulance services, working in conjunction with EMTs and paramedics, however are also commonly found in fire departments and law enforcement agencies as non-transporting first responders. Ambulances operating at the AEMT level of care are commonplace in rural areas, and occasionally found in larger cities as part of a tiered-response system, but are overall much less common than EMT and Paramedic level Ambulances. The AEMT provides a low-cost, high-benefit option to provide advanced-level care when the paramedic level of care is not feasible. The AEMT is authorized to provide limited advanced life support, which is beyond the scope of an EMT.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in both the state of New York and the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
From 1947, Arthur studied at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York, N.Y. with German director Erwin Piscator. Arthur began her acting career as a member of an off-Broadway theater group at the Cherry Lane Theatre in New York City in the late 1940s. On stage, her roles included Lucy Brown in the 1954 Off-Broadway premiere of Marc Blitzstein's English-language adaptation of Kurt Weill's The Threepenny Opera , Nadine Fesser in the 1957 premiere of Herman Wouk's Nature's Way at the Coronet Theatre, Yente the Matchmaker in the 1964 premiere of Fiddler on the Roof on Broadway.
Dramatic Workshop was the name of a drama and acting school associated with the New School for Social Research in New York City. It was launched in 1940 by German expatriate stage director Erwin Piscator. Among the faculty were Lee Strasberg and Stella Adler, among the students Robert De Niro, Marlon Brando, Tony Curtis, Walter Matthau, Tennessee Williams and Elaine Stritch. The Dramatic Workshop considerably contributed to the resurgence of the Off-Broadway theatre.
The New School is a private non-profit research university centered in Manhattan, New York City, located mostly in Greenwich Village. It was founded in 1919 as The New School for Social Research with an original mission dedicated to academic freedom and intellectual inquiry and a home for progressive thinkers. Since then, the school has grown to house five divisions within the university. These include the Parsons School of Design, the Eugene Lang College of Liberal Arts, The New School for Social Research, the Schools of Public Engagement, the College of Performing Arts which consists of the Mannes School of Music, the School of Drama, and the School of Jazz and Contemporary Music. In addition, the university maintains the Parsons Paris campus and has also launched or housed a range of institutions, such as the international research institute World Policy Institute, the Vera List Center for Art and Politics, the India China Institute, the Observatory on Latin America, and the Center for New York City Affairs.
Erwin Friedrich Maximilian Piscator was a German theatre director and producer and, along with Bertolt Brecht, the foremost exponent of epic theatre, a form that emphasizes the socio-political content of drama, rather than its emotional manipulation of the audience or the production's formal beauty.
In 1966, Arthur auditioned for the title role in the musical Mame , which her husband Gene Saks was set to direct, but Angela Lansbury won the role instead.Arthur accepted the supporting role of Vera Charles, for which she won great acclaim, winning a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical the same year. She reprised the role in the unsuccessful 1974 film version opposite Lucille Ball. In 1981, she appeared in Woody Allen's The Floating Light Bulb .
She made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in 1994 portraying the Duchess of Krakenthorp, a speaking role, in Gaetano Donizetti's La fille du régiment .
In 1971, Arthur was invited by Norman Lear to guest-star on his sitcom All in the Family , as Maude Findlay, the cousin of Edith Bunker. An outspoken liberal feminist, Maude was the antithesis role to the conservative Republican character Archie Bunker, who described her as a "New Deal fanatic". Nearly 50, Arthur's tart turn on All in the Family impressed viewers as well as executives at CBS who, she would later recall, asked "'Who is that girl? Let's give her her own series.'"
That series, previewed in her second All in the Family appearance, would be simply titled "Maude". The show, debuting in 1972, found her living in the affluent community of Tuckahoe, Westchester County, New York, with her fourth husband Walter (Bill Macy) and divorced daughter Carol (Adrienne Barbeau). Her performance in the role garnered Arthur several Emmy and Golden Globe nominations, including her Emmy win in 1977 for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series. Maude would also earn a place for Arthur in the history of the women's liberation movement.
The series addressed serious sociopolitical topics of the era that were considered taboo for a sitcom, including the Vietnam War, the Nixon Administration, Maude's bid for a Congressional seat, divorce, menopause, drug use, alcoholism, nervous breakdown, mental illness, women's lib, gay rights, abortion, and spousal abuse. A prime example is "Maude's Dilemma", a two-part episode airing near Thanksgiving of 1972 in which Maude's character grapples with a late-life pregnancy, ultimately deciding to have an abortion.Even though abortion was legal in New York State since 1970, as well as in California since its state's 1969 on-demand ruling, it was illegal in many other regions of the country and, as such, sparked controversy. As a result, dozens of affiliates refused to broadcast the episode when it was originally scheduled, substituting either a repeat from earlier in the season or a Thanksgiving TV special in its place. However, by the time of the summer rerun season six months later all the flak had died down, and the stations that refused to air the episode upon its first run reinstated it for the reruns the following summer. As a result, a reported 65 million viewers watched the two episode arc either in their first run that November or during the following summer as a rerun. The episode initially aired two months before the U.S. Supreme Court legalized the procedure nationwide in the Roe v. Wade outcome in January 1973.
By 1978, however, Arthur decided to move on from the series. Later the same year (1978), she costarred in Star Wars Holiday Special , in which she had a song and dance routine in the Mos Eisley cantina. She hosted The Beatrice Arthur Special on CBS on January 19, 1980, which paired the star in a musical comedy revue with Rock Hudson, Melba Moore and Wayland Flowers and Madame.
Arthur returned to television in the short-lived 1983 sitcom Amanda's (an adaptation of the British series Fawlty Towers ). Unfortunately, the show was a not a hit with audiences and only 10 of the 13 filmed episodes actually aired.
In 1985, Arthur was cast in The Golden Girls , in which she played Dorothy Zbornak, a divorced substitute teacher living in a Miami house owned by widow Blanche Devereaux (Rue McClanahan). Her other roommates included widow Rose Nylund (Betty White) and Dorothy's Sicilian mother, Sophia Petrillo (Estelle Getty). Getty was actually a year younger than Arthur in real life. The series was a hit, and remained a top-ten ratings fixture for six of its seven seasons. Her performance led to several Emmy nominations over the course of the series and an Emmy win in 1988. Arthur decided to leave the show after seven years, and in 1992 the show was moved from NBC to CBS and retooled as The Golden Palace in which the other three actresses reprised their roles, with Cheech Marin as their new foil. Arthur made a guest appearance in a two-part episode, but the new series lasted only one season.
Arthur sporadically appeared in films, reprising her stage role as Vera Charles in the 1974 film adaption of Mame , opposite Lucille Ball. She portrayed overbearing mother Bea Vecchio in Lovers and Other Strangers (1970), and had a cameo as a Roman unemployment clerk in Mel Brooks' History of the World, Part I (1981). She appeared in the 1995 American movie For Better or Worse as Beverly Makeshift. [ citation needed ]
After Arthur left The Golden Girls, she made several guest appearances on television shows and organized and toured in her one-woman show, alternately titled An Evening with Bea Arthur as well as And Then There's Bea.She made a guest appearance on the American cartoon Futurama , in the Emmy-nominated 2001 episode "Amazon Women in the Mood", as the voice of the "Femputer" who ruled the giant Amazonian women. She appeared in a first-season episode of Malcolm in the Middle as Mrs. White, one of Dewey's babysitters. She was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her performance. She also appeared as Larry David's mother on Curb Your Enthusiasm .
In 2002, she returned to Broadway, starring in Bea Arthur on Broadway: Just Between Friends, a collection of stories and songs (with musician Billy Goldenberg) based on her life and career.The show was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event.
In addition to appearing in a number of programs looking back at her own work, Arthur performed in stage and television tributes for Jerry Herman, Bob Hope, Ellen DeGeneres. In 2004, she appeared in Richard Barone's "There'll Be Another Spring: A Tribute to Miss Peggy Lee" at the Hollywood Bowl, performing "Johnny Guitar" and "The Shining Sea". In 2005, she participated in the Comedy Central roast of Pamela Anderson, where she recited sexually explicit passages from Anderson's book Star Struck in a deadpan fashion.
In 1999, Arthur told an interviewer of the three influences in her career: "Sid Caesar taught me the outrageous; [method acting guru] Lee Strasberg taught me what I call reality; and [original Threepenny Opera star] Lotte Lenya, whom I adored, taught me economy."Another source of influence to Arthur, was that of famed actress/director Ida Lupino whom Arthur praised as, "My dream was to become a very small blonde movie star like Ida Lupino and those other women I saw up there on the screen during the Depression. "
Arthur was married twice. Her first marriage took place during her time in the military, when she married fellow Marine Robert Alan Aurthur,later a screenwriter, television, and film producer and director, whose surname she took and kept (though with a modified spelling). Shortly after they divorced in 1950, she married director Gene Saks with whom she adopted two sons, Matthew (born in 1961), an actor, and Daniel (born in 1964), a set designer; they remained married until 1978.
In 1972, she moved to Los Angeles and sublet her apartment on Central Park West in New York City and her country home in Bedford, New York.In a 2003 interview, in London promoting her one-woman show, she described the British capital as her "favourite city in the world".
Arthur was a committed animal rights activist and frequently supported People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals campaigns. Arthur joined PETA in 1987 after a Golden Girls anti-fur episode. Arthur wrote letters, made personal appearances and placed ads against the use of furs, foie gras, and farm animal cruelty by KFC suppliers. In Norfolk, Virginia, near the site of the PETA headquarters, there is a dog park named the Bea Arthur Dog Park in her honor.
Arthur was a longtime champion of equal rights for women and an active advocate of the elderly, and Jewish communities, in both her major television roles and through her charity work and personal outspokenness.
Regarding politics, Arthur herself was a liberal Democrat who confirmed her views by saying, "I've been a Democrat my whole life. That's what makes Maude and Dorothy so believable, we have the same viewpoints on how our country should be handled."
Arthur was also a mentor, surrogate mother and friend to Adrienne Barbeau, who co-starred opposite Arthur on Maude for six seasons. While Barbeau was unavailable for the last two seasons due to her schedule, they remained close and stayed in touch until Arthur's passing. About her relationship with Arthur, Barbeau said in a 2018 interview with Dread Central.com, "I was doing an interview for this one-woman show that I am doing and the interviewer asked, 'What do people usually ask you,' and I said, 'They always want to know what it was like working with Bea.' She was fantastic and, you know, I realized years later how much I took it for granted because it was my first experience on television. I just assumed that everyone was as giving as she was, as professional as she was, that everyone who was doing a TV show showed up knowing their lines and showed up on time and was willing to say to the writers, 'I think this line was funnier if Adie had said it or Conrad had said it or Bill had said it.' I mean, she was just the best, she was the best, very funny. She was not Maude when she wasn't saying those lines. I don't know if I'd say she was quiet. She was a homebody. She had her sons, her dog and her cooking and she wasn't into the celebrity scene and she was a great lady. I loved her dearly and we had a great cast and they were my family for six years. I loved each of them and all of them and it was the best experience anyone could've had, being introduced to television like that!"
A private and introverted woman, according to her friends,Arthur died of cancer at her home in the Brentwood area of Los Angeles on April 25, 2009. She was two and a half weeks short of her 87th birthday. She was survived by her two sons and two granddaughters.
On April 28, 2009, the Broadway community paid tribute to Arthur by dimming the marquees of New York City's Broadway theater district in her memory for one minute at 8:00 p.m. On September 16, 2009, a public tribute to Arthur was held at the Majestic Theatre in Manhattan, where friends and colleagues including Angela Lansbury, Norman Lear, Rosie O'Donnell and Rue McClanahan paid tribute to the actress.
Arthur's co-stars from The Golden Girls, Rue McClanahan and Betty White, commented on her death via telephone on an April 27 episode of Larry King Live . On the Today Show by phone, McClanahan said she and Arthur got along together "like cream." White said, "I knew it would hurt, I just didn't know it would hurt this much."
Longtime friends Adrienne Barbeau (with whom she had worked on Maude) and Angela Lansbury (with whom she had worked in Mame ) reflected on her death. Barbeau said, "We've lost a unique, incredible talent. No one could deliver a line or hold a take like Bea and no one was more generous or giving to her fellow performers".Lansbury said, "She became and has remained my bosom buddy [...] I am deeply saddened by her passing, but also relieved that she is released from the pain".
Arthur bequeathed $300,000 to the Ali Forney Center, a New York City organization that provides housing for homeless LGBT youths.The center was heavily damaged in October 2012 by Hurricane Sandy, but has since been restored and re-opened. The Bea Arthur Residence, which opened in 2017, is an 18-bed residence in Manhattan for homeless LGBT youth operated by the Ali Forney Center.
Arthur won the American Theatre Wing's Tony Award in 1966 as Best Featured Actress in a Musical for her performance that year as Vera Charles in the original Broadway production of Jerry Herman's musical Mame .
Arthur received the third most nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series with nine; only Julia Louis-Dreyfus (11) and Mary Tyler Moore (10) have more. She received the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences' Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series twice, once in 1977 for Maude and again in 1988 for The Golden Girls.She was inducted into the Academy's Television Hall of Fame in 2008.
On June 8, 2008, The Golden Girls was awarded the Pop Culture award at the Sixth Annual TV Land Awards. Arthur (in one of her final public appearances) accepted the award with McClanahan and White.
|1959||That Kind of Woman||WAC||Uncredited|
|1970||Lovers and Other Strangers||Bea Vecchio|
|1981||History of the World, Part I||Dole office clerk||Uncredited|
|1995||For Better or Worse||Beverly Makeshift|
|2000||Enemies of Laughter||Paul's Mother|
|1951–58||Kraft Television Theatre|
|1951||Once Upon a Tune|
|1951–53, 1955–58||Studio One in Hollywood|
|1955||Max Liebman Presents: Kaleidoscope|
|1954–56||Caesar's Hour||Regular performer|
|1957||Washington Square||2 episodes|
|The Steve Allen Show|
|1958||The Seven Lively Arts|
|Tonight Starring Jack Paar|
|The Gift of the Magi|
|1959||The George Gobel Show|
|1960||The Best of Anything||Television film|
|1961||The Perry Como Show|
|1962||The Garry Moore Show|
|1963||The Sid Caesar Show|
|1971–72||All in the Family||Maude Findlay||2 episodes|
|1973||The 45th Annual Academy Awards|
|1974||The 28th Annual Tony Awards|
|1974–80||The Mike Douglas Show||6 episodes|
|1974–85||The Merv Griffin Show||3 episodes|
|1974–90||The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson||8 episodes|
|1976–79||Saturday Night Live||2 episodes|
|1977||The 31st Annual Tony Awards|
|The 29th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|1978||CBS: On the Air|
|The 30th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|Star Wars Holiday Special||Ackmena||Television film|
|1979||The Mary Tyler Moore Hour||Herself||Episode #1.2|
|1980||The Beatrice Arthur Special||Herself (Host / Performer)||Television special|
|30 Years of TV Comedy's Greatest Hits: To Laughter with Love|
|Soap||Angel||Episode: "Jessica's Wonderful Life"|
|Bob Hope Special: Bob Hope-Hope, Women and Song|
|The 35th Annual Tony Awards|
|The 33rd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|1982||Bob Hope's Women I Love: Beautiful But Funny|
|Nights of 100 Stars|
|Broadway Plays Washington on Kennedy Center Tonight|
|1983||Amanda's||Amanda Cartwright||13 episodes|
|The 9th Annual People's Choice Awards|
|1984||The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast: Joan Collins|
|The 1st Academy TV Hall of Fame|
|a.k.a. Pablo||Press Agent||Episode: "My Son, the Gringo"|
|P.O.P.||Rosalyn Gordon||Television film|
|1985–92||The Golden Girls||Dorothy Zbornak||180 episodes|
|1985||The NBC All Star Hour|
|The 37th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|The 10th Circus of the Stars|
|The 40th Annual Tony Awards|
|1985–2008||Entertainment Tonight||Herself||7 episodes|
|1986||All Star Party for Clint Eastwood|
|The 38th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|NBC 60th Anniversary Celebration|
|The 43rd Annual Golden Globe Awards|
|Walt Disney World's 15th Birthday Celebration|
|Late Night with David Letterman|
|The 46th Annual Golden Apple Awards|
|The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts|
|1987||The 39th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|All Star Party for Joan Collins|
|Comic Relief '87|
|All Star Gala at Ford's Theater||Host|
|The 1st Annual American Comedy Awards|
|The 44th Annual Golden Globe Awards|
|The 13th Annual People's Choice Awards|
|This Is Your Life|
|Happy 100th Birthday Hollywood|
|Sally Jessy Raphael Show|
|The 41st Annual Tony Awards|
|Family Comedy Hour|
|1988||The 9th Annual American Black Achievement Awards|
|The 45th Annual Golden Globe Awards|
|In Performance at the White House; A Salute to Broadway: Showstoppers|
|Irving Berlin's 100th Birthday Celebration|
|The 40th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|Mickey's 60th Birthday||Dorothy Zbornak|
|The 13th Circus of the Stars|
|My First Love||Jean Miller||Television movie|
|1989||The 46th Annual Golden Globe Awards|
|Empty Nest||Dorothy Zbornak||Episode: "Dumped"|
|The 3rd Annual American Comedy Awards|
|Bob Hope's Birthday Spectacular in Paris|
|The Society of Singers Presents a Tribute to Ella Fitzgerald|
|The 41st Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|Later with Bob Costas|
|The Arsenio Hall Show|
|The 49th Annual Golden Apple Awards|
|Live with Regis and Kathie Lee|
|1990||The TV Academy Tribute to Angela Lansbury|
|The 21st BAFTA Awards|
|The 4th Annual American Comedy Awards|
|The Earth Day Special|
|Aspel & Company|
|Night of 100 Stars III|
|The 42nd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|Des O'Connor Tonight|
|A Conversation with Dinah|
|Live from the London Palladium: Happy Birthday, Happy New Year!|
|1991||The 17th Annual People Choice Awards|
|The 48th Annual Golden Globe Awards|
|The 5th Annual American Comedy Awards|
|The 43rd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards|
|Funny Women of Television|
|Dame Edna's Hollywood|
|1992||Evening at Pops|
|The Howard Stern Show|
|The 6th Annual American Comedy Awards|
|The Golden Palace||Dorothy Hollingsworth||Episodes: "Seems Like Old Times" (Parts 1 & 2)|
|Verstehen Sie Spaß?|
|The 1992 Pacific Center HIV-AIDS Benefit|
|1993||The 7th Annual American Comedy Awards|
|This Joint is Jumpin'|
|The 47th Annual Tony Awards|
|1994||Jerry Herman's Broadway at the Hollywood Bowl||Herself (Performer)||Television special|
|The 8th Annual American Comedy Awards|
|Bob Hope's Birthday Memories|
|1995||The 9th Annual Genesis Awards|
|50 Years of Funny Females|
|This Morning||[ citation needed ]|
|1996||The 10th American Comedy Awards|
|The 50th Annual Tony Awards|
|1997||Dave's World||Mel Bloom||3 episodes|
|The Rosie O'Donnell Show|
|1998||The RuPaul Show|
|Ellen||Herself||Episode: "Ellen: A Hollywood Tribute: Part 1"|
|CBS: The First 50 Years|
|NY TV: By the People Who Made It-Part I & II|
|1999||The 53rd Annual Tony Awards|
|Beggars and Choosers||Herself||5 episodes|
|Emily of New Moon||The Voice||Episode: "A Fall from Grace"|
|The Martin Short Show|
|2000||So Graham Norton|
|Malcolm in the Middle||Mrs. White||Episode: "Water Park"|
|Intimate Portrait: Rue McClanahan|
|E! True Hollywood Story: The Golden Girls|
|E! True Hollywood Story: Good Times|
|E! True Hollywood Story: All in the Family|
|The 70s: The Decade That Changed Television|
|2001||Intimate Portrait: Estelle Getty|
|Futurama||Femputer||Episode: "Amazon Women in the Mood"|
|2002–07||The View||Herself / Guest||2 episodes|
|2002||CBS News Sunday Morning|
|The Rosie O'Donnell Show|
|Good Morning America|
|The Daily Show|
|The Big O! True West Hollywood Story|
|TV Most Censored Moments|
|TV Tales: The Golden Girls|
|Open Mike with Mike Bullard|
|Because I Said So|
|Inside TV Land: Taboo TV|
|2003||Great Women on Television Comedy|
|Intimate Portrait: Bea Arthur|
|TV Land Awards: A Celebration of Classic TV|
|Broadway: The Golden Age by the Legends Who Were There|
|Through the Keyhole|
|The Golden Girls: Their Greatest Moments||Herself (Host)||Television special|
|Today with Des and Mel|
|Richard & Judy|
|The Terry and Gaby Show|
|2004||The 2nd Annual TV Land Awards: A Celebration of Classic TV|
|The Best of So Graham Norton|
|Inside TV Land: Primetime Politics|
|TV's Greatest Sidekicks|
|2005||Inside TV Land: Tickled Pink|
|Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson|
|TV Land Confidential|
|Curb Your Enthusiasm||Larry's mother||Episode: "The End"|
|2006||Biography: Bea Arthur|
|The 100 Greatest TV Quotes & Catchphrases||Herself||5 episodes|
|2007||TV Land Confidential||Herself / Interviewee||Documentary (4 episodes)|
|Back to the Grind||Herself||Bea Arthur and Ed Begley Jr.|
|Entertainment Weekly & TV Land Present: The 50 Greatest TV Icons|
|2008||The 6th Annual TV Land Awards||Herself||Winner|
|2014||Broadway: Beyond The Golden Age|
|1947||The Dog Beneath the Skin|
|1948||The Taming of the Shrew||Katherina|
|1948||Six Characters in Search of an Author|
|1948||The Owl and the Pussycat|
|1949||Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme|
|1949||Yes is for a Very Young Man|
|1951||Gentlemen Prefer Blondes|
|1951||Love or Money|
|1951||The Voice of the Turtle|
|1951||Gentlemen Prefer Blondes|
|1953||The New Moon|
|1954–55||The Threepenny Opera||Lucy Brown|
|1955||What's the Rush?|
|1955||Plain and Fancy|
|1956||Mistress of the Inn|
|1958||Ulysses in Nighttown|
|1960||The Gay Divorcee at the Cherry Lane|
|1962||A Matter of Position|
|1964||Fiddler on the Roof||Yenta the Matchmaker|
|1966||Mame||Vera Charles||Won Tony Award-Featured Actress in a Musical|
|1968||A Mother's Kisses||Closed on the road|
|1981||The Floating Lightbulb|
|1981||Hey, Look Me Over!|
|1994||Easter Bonnet Competition: A Salute to 100 Years of Broadway|
|1994||La Fille du Regiment|
|1995–96||Bermuda Avenue Triangle|
|November 17, 1996||Angela Lansbury – A Celebration||Benefit concert|
|1999||Thoroughly Modern Millie|
|2000||Strike Up the Band|
|2000||The Threepenny Opera Reunion Concert|
|2000–2006||An Evening with Bea Arthur||Westport, Connecticut (July 28–30, 2000)|
Santa Fe, New Mexico (September 24, 2002)
|2001–2003||And Then There's Bea||United States Tour (April 24, 2001 – January 13, 2002)|
Melbourne, Australia (October 15–27, 2002)
|2002||Bea Arthur on Broadway: Just Between Friends||New York, New York (January 29, 2002 – April 14, 2002)|
Toronto, Canada (November 20 – December 8, 2002)
|2003||Bea Arthur at The Savoy||London, England (September 15 – October 18, 2003)|
|2004||A Celebration of Life||Washington, D.C. (May 26, 2004)|
|2004||There'll Be Another Spring: A Tribute to Miss Peggy Lee||at the Hollywood Bowl, Hollywood, California (July 14, 2004)|
|2004||Bea Arthur at the El Portal||North Hollywood, California (August 5–8, 2004)|
|2005||Bea Arthur Back on Broadway (at 95th Street)||New York, New York (November 21, 2005)|
|2006||Bea Arthur Back at the El Portal||North Hollywood, California (February 16–19, 2006)|
Auntie Mame: An Irreverent Escapade is a 1955 novel by American author Patrick Dennis chronicling the madcap adventures of a boy, Patrick, growing up as the ward of the sister of his dead father.
The Golden Girls is an American sitcom created by Susan Harris that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, to May 9, 1992, with a total of 180 half-hour episodes spanning seven seasons. The show stars Bea Arthur, Betty White, Rue McClanahan, and Estelle Getty as four older women who share a home in Miami, Florida. It was produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions, in association with Touchstone Television, and Paul Junger Witt. Tony Thomas and Harris served as the original executive producers.
Polly Bergen was an American actress, singer, television host, writer and entrepreneur.
Maude is an American sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS network from September 12, 1972, until April 22, 1978.
Eddi-Rue McClanahan was an American actress best known for her roles on television as Vivian Harmon on Maude (1972–78), Aunt Fran Crowley on Mama's Family (1983–84), and Blanche Devereaux on The Golden Girls (1985–92), for which she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series in 1987.
Adrienne Jo Barbeau is an American actress, singer and the author of three books. Barbeau came to prominence in the 1970s as Broadway's original Rizzo in the musical Grease, and as Carol Traynor, the divorced daughter of Maude Findlay on the sitcom Maude (1972–1978). In 1980 she began appearing in horror and science fiction films, including The Fog (1980), Creepshow (1982), Swamp Thing (1982) and Escape from New York (1981). Other films included: Back to School (1986) and Argo (2012). During the 1990s, she became known for providing the voice of Catwoman on Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995), and subsequent Batman cartoon series. In the 2000s, she appeared on the HBO series Carnivàle as Ruthie the snake dancer.
Esther Rolle was an American actress. Rolle is best known for her role as Florida Evans, on the CBS television sitcom Maude, for two seasons (1972–1974), and its spin-off series Good Times, for five seasons, for which Rolle was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Television Series Musical or Comedy in 1976. She was the 1979 winner of the Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Special.
Betty Marion White Ludden is an American actress and comedian, with the longest television career of any female entertainer, spanning 80 years. Regarded as a pioneer of television, she is one of the first women to have control both in front of and behind the camera and is recognized as the first woman to produce a sitcom, which contributed to her receiving the honorary title Mayor of Hollywood in 1955.
Allison Brooks Janney is an American actress. A prolific character actress, Janney has received numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, seven Primetime Emmy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe Award, and seven Screen Actors Guild Awards.
Christine Jane Baranski is an American actress, singer, and producer. She is a 15-time Emmy Award nominee, winning once in 1995 for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her role as Maryanne Thorpe in the sitcom Cybill (1995–98). Baranski has received further critical acclaim for her performance as Diane Lockhart in the legal drama series The Good Wife (2009–2016) and its spinoff series The Good Fight (2017–present), as well as her recurring role as Dr. Beverly Hofstadter in the sitcom The Big Bang Theory (2009–present) for which she has received two Emmy nominations. She is also known for her roles in numerous successful TV Films, most notably her portrayal of Kate in To Dance with the White Dog (1993), Prunella Stickler in Eloise at the Plaza, and Eloise at Christmastime, and Amanda in Who Is Simon Miller? (2011).
Amy Marie Madigan is an American actress, producer, and singer. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1985 film Twice in a Lifetime. Her other film credits include Love Child (1982), Places in the Heart (1984), Field of Dreams (1989), Uncle Buck (1989), The Dark Half (1993), Pollock (2000), and Gone Baby Gone (2007). Madigan won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress on Television and was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her portrayal of Sarah Weddington in the 1989 television film Roe vs. Wade.
Verla Eileen Regina Brennan was an American film, stage, and television actress. She made her film debut in the satire Divorce American Style (1967), followed by a supporting role in Peter Bogdanovich's The Last Picture Show (1971), which earned her a BAFTA award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
Christina Pickles is a British-American actress. She is known for her role as Nurse Helen Rosenthal in the NBC medical drama St. Elsewhere (1982–88), for which she received five nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series. She is also known for her recurring role as Judy Geller on the NBC sitcom Friends (1994–2003), for which she was nominated for the 1995 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series.
Herbert Edelman was an American actor of stage, film and television. He was twice nominated for an Emmy Award for his television work. One of his best-known roles was as Stanley Zbornak, the ex-husband of Dorothy Zbornak on The Golden Girls. He also had a recurring role on the 1980s medical drama St. Elsewhere.
Elisabeth Singleton Moss is an American actor. She is known for her roles as Zoey Bartlet, the youngest daughter of President Josiah Bartlet, on the NBC television series The West Wing (1999–2006); Peggy Olson, secretary-turned-copywriter, on the AMC series Mad Men (2007–2015), which earned her six Emmy Awards nominations and a Golden Globe nomination; Det. Robin Griffin in the BBC miniseries Top of the Lake, which won her a Golden Globe for Best Actress in a Miniseries or TV Film; and Offred on the Hulu series The Handmaid's Tale, for which she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series and the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series as a producer.
Sue Ann Nivens is a fictional character from the long-running situation comedy, The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She was played by television perennial, Betty White.
Estelle Getty was an American actress and comedian, who appeared in film, television, and theatre. She was best known for her role as Sophia Petrillo on The Golden Girls from 1985 to 1992, which won her an Emmy and a Golden Globe, on The Golden Palace from 1992 to 1993, and on Empty Nest from 1993 to 1995. In her later years, after retiring from acting, she battled Lewy body dementia.
The first season of the American television comedy series The Golden Girls originally aired on NBC in the United States between September 14, 1985 and May 10, 1986. Created by television writer Susan Harris, the series was produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions and Touchstone Television. It stars Bea Arthur, Rue McClanahan, Betty White, and Estelle Getty as the main characters Dorothy Zbornak, Blanche Devereaux, Rose Nylund, and Sophia Petrillo. The series revolves around the lives of four elderly women living together in a house in Miami.
"Maude" is the twenty-fourth and final episode of the second season of the American television sitcom All in the Family which also served as the eponymous pilot episode of its first spin-off series Maude. The episode, directed by John Rich and written by Rod Parker, was videotaped on February 18, 1972 in front of a live audience at CBS Television City in Hollywood, California and originally aired on March 11, 1972 at 8:00 p.m. EST on CBS.
The television show Maude, a spin-off of All in the Family, premiers, starring Beatrice Arthur as Maude Findlay, a leftist feminist who supports abortion and civil rights.
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