Soap (TV series)

Last updated
Soap
Soap title screen.jpg
Genre Sitcom
Created by Susan Harris [1]
Starring
Narrated by Rod Roddy
Theme music composer George Aliceson Tipton
ComposerGeorge Aliceson Tipton
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons4
No. of episodes85 (93 in syndication) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
ProducerSusan Harris
Production locations
Camera setup Multi-camera
Running time
  • 20–24 minutes (77 episodes)
  • 43 minutes (8 episodes)
Production companies
Distributor Columbia Pictures Television (1982-1986, 1988-1995)
Coca-Cola Telecommunications (1986-1987)
Columbia TriStar Television (1995-2002)
Sony Pictures Television (2002–present)
Release
Original network ABC
Original releaseSeptember 13, 1977 (1977-09-13) 
April 20, 1981 (1981-04-20)
Chronology
Followed by Benson

Soap is an American sitcom television series that originally ran on ABC from September 13, 1977, until April 20, 1981. The show was created as a night-time parody of daytime soap operas, presented as a weekly half-hour prime time comedy. Similar to a soap opera, the show's story was presented in a serial format, and featured melodramatic plotlines including alien abduction, demonic possession, extramarital affairs, murder, kidnapping, unknown diseases, amnesia, cults, organized crime warfare, a communist revolution and teacher-student relationships. In 2007 it was listed as one of Time magazine's "100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME", [2] and in 2010, the Tates and the Campbells ranked at number 17 in TV Guide 's list of "TV's Top Families".

Contents

The show was created, written, and executive produced by Susan Harris, and also executive produced by Paul Junger Witt and Tony Thomas. Each returning season was preceded by a 90-minute retrospective of the previous season. Two of these retrospectives were made available on VHS in 1994, but were not included on any DVD collections. [3]

The show aired 85 episodes over the course of four seasons. Eight of these (including the final four) aired as one-hour episodes during the original run on ABC. These hour-long episodes were later split in two, yielding 93 half-hour episodes for syndication. Like most sitcoms of the era, Soap was videotaped rather than filmed, but this coincidentally helped further its emulation of the daytime soap opera format, as most such productions were also videotaped. All episodes are available on region 1 DVD in four box sets. There is a box set of season 1 on region 2 DVD. The series has rerun in syndication on local channels as well as on cable.

The show starred Katherine Helmond and Cathryn Damon as sisters/matriarchs of their own families. The cast also included three former soap opera actors. Robert Mandan (Chester Tate) had previously appeared on Search for Tomorrow as a leading man for Mary Stuart, and Donnelly Rhodes (Dutch Leitner) had played the first husband of Katherine Chancellor on The Young and the Restless . Arthur Peterson Jr. ("The Major") played Rev. John Ruthledge in the radio version of Guiding Light .

Plot

Cast of Soap (1977). Back row, L-R: Robert Urich, Ted Wass, Richard Mulligan, Robert Guillaume, Robert Mandan, Jimmy Baio, Diana Canova, Arthur Peterson Jr.. Seated: Billy Crystal, Cathryn Damon, Katherine Helmond, Jennifer Salt. Soap full cast 1977.JPG
Cast of Soap (1977). Back row, L-R: Robert Urich, Ted Wass, Richard Mulligan, Robert Guillaume, Robert Mandan, Jimmy Baio, Diana Canova, Arthur Peterson Jr.. Seated: Billy Crystal, Cathryn Damon, Katherine Helmond, Jennifer Salt.

Soap is set in the fictional town of Dunn's River, Connecticut.

In the opening sequence of the first installment, the announcer says "This is the story of two sisters—Jessica Tate and Mary Campbell". The Tates live in a wealthy neighborhood (the announcer calls it the neighborhood known as "Rich"). Jessica Tate (Katherine Helmond) and her husband, Chester (Robert Mandan), are hardly models of fidelity, as their various love affairs result in several family mishaps, including the murder of her sister Mary's (Cathryn Damon) stepson, Peter Campbell (Robert Urich). Even though everyone tells Jessica about Chester's continual affairs, she does not believe them until she sees his philandering with her own eyes. While out to lunch with Mary, Jessica spots Chester necking with his secretary, Claire (Kathryn Reynolds). Heartbroken, Jessica sobs in her sister's arms. On later occasions, it becomes clear that Jess has always known on some level about Chester's affairs but never allowed herself to process the information.

The wealthy Tate family employs a sarcastic butler/cook named Benson (Robert Guillaume). Benson clearly despises Chester, but has a soft spot for their son, Billy (Jimmy Baio). He also gets along with the Tates' daughter, Corinne (Diana Canova) as well as their mother, Jessica; but doesn't speak to the other daughter, Eunice (Jennifer Salt), although that later changed. Benson became a popular character and in 1979 left the Tates' employ to work for Jessica's cousin, Governor Gene Gatling, on the spin-off series, Benson , wherein his last name, DuBois, was revealed. The Tates had to hire a new butler/cook named Saunders (Roscoe Lee Browne), whose attitude is similar to that of Benson, but has a more formal personality.

Mary's family, the Campbells, are working-class, and as the series begins, her son Danny Dallas (Ted Wass), a product of her first marriage to Johnny Dallas, is a junior gangster-in-training. Danny is told to kill his stepfather, Burt Campbell (Richard Mulligan), Mary's current husband, who, Danny is told, murdered his father Johnny, who was also a mobster. It is later revealed that Danny's father was killed by Burt in self-defense. Danny refuses to kill Burt and goes on the run from the Mob in a variety of disguises. This eventually ends when Elaine Lefkowitz (played by Dinah Manoff in one of her earliest roles), the spoiled daughter of the Mob Boss (played by Sorrell Booke), falls in love with Danny and stops her father, who then tells Danny he will have to marry Elaine or he will kill him. In the fourth season, it is revealed that Chester is Danny's true father, the product of a secret affair between him and Mary before his marriage to Jessica. Mary's other son, Jodie (Billy Crystal, in an early role), is gay, having a secret affair with a famous professional football quarterback, and contemplating a sex-change operation.

The first season ends with Jessica convicted of the murder of Peter Campbell. The announcer concludes the season by announcing that Jessica is innocent, and that one of five characters—Burt, Chester, Jodie, Benson, or Corinne—killed Peter Campbell. Chester later confesses to Peter's murder and is sent to prison. He is soon released after a successful temporary insanity defense, due to a medical condition in his brain.

Other plot lines include Jessica's adopted daughter Corinne courting Father Tim Flotsky (Sal Viscuso), who ended up leaving the priesthood, with the two eventually marrying and having a child who is possessed by the Devil; Chester being imprisoned for Peter's murder, escaping with his prison mate Dutch, and being afflicted with amnesia after a failed operation; Jessica's other daughter, Eunice, sleeping with a married congressman, and then falling in love with Dutch; Mary's stepson Chuck (Jay Johnson), a ventriloquist whose hostilities are expressed through his alter ego, a quick-witted dummy named Bob; Jessica's love affairs with several men, including Donahue, a private investigator hired to find the missing presumed-dead Chester, her psychiatrist, and a Latin American revolutionary known as "El Puerco" ("The Pig"; his friends just call him "El"); Billy Tate's confinement by a cult called the "Sunnies" (a parody of Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church, called the "Moonies" by its critics), and then his affair with his school teacher who becomes unhinged; Danny and his romantic trials with the daughter of a mobster (Elaine, who is murdered in a botched kidnapping), black woman (Polly), a prostitute (Gwen), and Chester's second wife (Annie); and Burt's confinement to a mental institution, his abduction by aliens while being replaced with an oversexed alien lookalike on Earth, and getting blackmailed by the Mob after becoming sheriff of their small town.

At the beginning of each episode, off-camera announcer Rod Roddy gives a brief summary of the convoluted storyline and remarks, "Confused? You won't be, after this week's episode of...Soap." At the end of each episode, he asks a series of life-or-death questions in a deliberately deadpan style—"Will Jessica discover Chester's affair? Will Benson discover Chester's affair? Will Benson care?" and concludes each episode with the trademark line, "These questions—and many others—will be answered in the next episode of...Soap."

Characters

Chester and Benson. Robert Mandan Robert Guillaume SOAP 1977.JPG
Chester and Benson.
The Tates and Campbells with Benson. Tates Campbells and Benson Soap 1977.JPG
The Tates and Campbells with Benson.

Main

Announcer

Recurring

Nielsen ratings and time slots

SeasonNo. of
episodes
Season premiereSeason finaleTime slotRankRatingHouseholds
(in millions)
1) 19771978 25September 13, 1977March 28, 1978Tuesday at 9:30 p.m.#1322.016.0
2) 19781979 23September 14, 1978March 15, 1979Thursday at 9:30 p.m.#1921.315.9
3) 19791980 23September 13, 1979March 27, 1980#2520.515.6
4) 19801981 22November 12, 1980April 20, 1981Wednesday at 9:30 p.m.Not in the Top 30

Pre-broadcast protests and controversy

In early March 1977, ABC screened the first two episodes of Soap for the executives of its 195 affiliate stations, many of whom were instantly appalled by the show's emphasis on sex and infidelity. Two of the affiliates, neither in a major market, privately told ABC that the show was "raunchy" and its subject matter unfit for television. [5]

In June 1977, a Newsweek preview of the fall season written by Harry F. Waters panned the show while mischaracterizing some of its basic plot elements and offering exaggerated reports of its sexual content. Despite having not seen the pilot, Waters called the show a "sex farce" and claimed (erroneously) that the show included a scene of a Catholic priest being seduced in a confessional. [6] Waters also stated:

Soap promises to be the most controversial network series of the coming season, a show so saturated with sex that it could replace violence as the PTA's Video Enemy No. 1.

Harry F. Waters [7]

Whether Waters's errors and misrepresentations were intentional or accidental is unknown.

Within days of the Newsweek report, a number of local and national religious organizations began to quickly mobilize against Soap, despite the fact that they also had not seen the pilot. Among these were the National Council of Churches, the United Church of Christ, the United Methodist Church, the National Council of Catholic Bishops and the Christian Life Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention, [8] the latter of which went so far as to divest itself of 2,500 shares of ABC stock "because the board does not approve of programming related to the abuse of human sexuality, violence and perversion". [9]

The Roman Catholic Church, led by its Los Angeles Archdiocese, also condemned the show and asked all American families to boycott it saying "ABC should be told that American Catholics and all Americans are not going to sit by and watch the networks have open season on Catholicism and morality. [Soap] is probably one of the most effective arguments for government censorship of TV that has yet come along." [10] In August, the Board of Rabbis of Southern California representing three branches of Judaism, joined the Catholic protest saying that the as-yet unaired show "reached a new low".

Dr. Everett Parker of the United Church of Christ called Soap "a low-life, salacious program" and complained that the show would be airing when children would be able to watch it. (ABC had scheduled it on Tuesdays after Happy Days and Laverne & Shirley , two of the most popular family television shows being broadcast at the time.) [11]

Those religious groups organized a letter-writing campaign designed to pressure the show's sponsors not to advertise on the network. [12] Although some of the religious groups asked their members to watch the show first, and then inform ABC of their feelings about it, [8] others began working hard to get ABC to cancel the show before it premiered. One ABC vice president was shocked to learn that his 11-year-old child was required by a parochial school teacher to write a letter of protest to ABC to take the show off the air. [13] In the end, 32,000 people wrote letters to ABC, [8] all but nine of them against it. [14]

In addition to the religious protest, Soap also faced substantial pre-broadcast criticism from the International Union of Gay Athletes [15] and the National Gay Task Force, [16] both of which were concerned about the way the gay character Jodie Dallas and his professional football player lover would be portrayed.

To allay the concern of advertisers, some of whom had begun to cancel sponsorship of the program, ABC reluctantly dropped the price for commercial time from $75,000 per spot to $40,000 per spot. When Soap premiered on September 13, 1977, 18 out of 195 ABC affiliates had refused to air the program with others choosing to broadcast it after 11pm. By its second week on the air, two more affiliates dropped out, bringing the boycott to 20 stations. [13] Boycotting affiliates included KDUB in Dubuque, Iowa, KMVT in Twin Falls, Idaho, KTVO in Kirksville, Missouri/Ottumwa, Iowa, KXON in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, WABG in Greenwood, Mississippi, WBAK in Terre Haute, Indiana, WCCB in Charlotte, North Carolina, WJCL in Savannah, Georgia, WJZ in Baltimore, Maryland, WKAB in Mobile, Alabama, WOWK in Huntington, West Virginia, WRAL in Raleigh, North Carolina, and WYUR in Huntsville, Alabama. [17] [18] [19]

In 1978, when WCCB gave up its ABC affiliation to former NBC affiliate WSOC to become an independent station, the latter station aired the show starting with late-night summer repeats of the first season, then showed it in its regular prime time slot the following fall. Except for two individuals, the only angry calls came from people wondering what happened to Saturday Night Live , which could now be found on WRET. [20]

"The Soap Memo"

Aside from the external protests, Soap was also subject to heavy internal revisions from ABC's Broadcast Standards & Practices department, which monitors the content of programs. Writer/creator Susan Harris had developed a story arc for Soap in the form of a "show bible" which traced all the major characters, stories and events for five seasons. The Standards & Practices executives (commonly referred to as "censors") reviewed this extensive bible as well as the script for the two-part pilot and issued a long memo to Harris voicing their concerns about various story lines and characters. In addition to the sexual material that was widely reported in the press, the censors also took issue with the show's religious, political, and ethnic content. [21]

"The Soap Memo" was leaked to the press before the show premiered and was printed in its entirety in the Los Angeles Times on June 27, 1977. Among their notes were:

  • "Please delete [the lines] '...the slut', 'that Polish slut,' 'get your clothes off,' 'it doesn't grow back,' 'transsexual,' 'Oh my God,' 'did it hurt?'"
  • "Substitute [the words] 'fruit,' 'slut,' 'tinker bell.'"
  • "The CIA or any other government organization is not to be involved in General Nu's smuggling operation." (This character and storyline, which dealt with a Vietnamese opium smuggler who becomes involved in the Tate family through Jessica's long-lost son, was eventually removed from the show bible.)
  • "In order to treat Jodie as a gay character, his portrayal must at all times be handled without 'limp-wristed' actions"
  • "The colloquy between Peter and Jessica...which relates to cunnilingus/fellatio is obviously unacceptable"
  • "The relationship between Jodie and the football player should be handled in such a manner that explicit or intimate aspects of homosexuality are avoided entirely."
  • "Father Flotsky's stand on liberalizing the Mass will have to be treated in a balanced, inoffensive manner. By way of example, the substitution of Oreos for the traditional wafer is unacceptable."

"The Soap Memo" also contained notes that were subsequently disregarded by the producers including:

  • "Please change Burt Campbell's last name to avoid association with the Campbell Soup Co."
  • "Corinne's affair with a Jesuit priest, her subsequent pregnancy as a result, and later exorcism, are all unacceptable."
  • "Please direct Claire to dump the hot coffee in some part of Chester's anatomy other than his crotch." (Susan Harris later responded to this note: "so we didn't—we poured it in his lap.")

"The Soap Memo" was a rare public look into the behind-the-scenes process at a major network and copies of the document were often found posted on the bulletin boards of television production companies and on studio sets as a rallying point against censorship. In addition, the specific details in the memo further fueled the growing debate regarding the controversial content of Soap.

Premiere and critical reception

Soap premiered on Tuesday, September 13, 1977, at 9:30pm. The show was preceded by a disclaimer that the show "was part of a continuing character comedy" that included adult themes and that "viewer discretion" was advised. The disclaimer was both displayed on the screen and read by Soap announcer Rod Roddy. It would remain throughout the first season before being dropped.

Much of Soap's controversy, among liberals and conservatives alike, ironically actually helped to sell the series to the general public. Fueled by six months of pre-show protests (as well as a solid lead-in from the hit shows Happy Days , Laverne & Shirley and Three's Company ), the first episode swept its time slot with a 25.6 rating and 39% share (39% of the national audience). Although ABC received hundreds of phone calls after the premiere, executives at the network described initial public reaction as "mild" with more calls in favor of the show than in protest. A University of Richmond poll found that 74% of viewers found Soap inoffensive, 26% found it offensive, and half of those who were offended said they planned to watch it the next week. [6]

Initial reviews—somewhat clouded by the controversy—were mixed, with negative reviews predictably focusing on the show's racy content. The Los Angeles Times called the show "a prolonged dirty joke" that "is without cleverness or style or subtlety. Its sex jokes are delivered by the shovelful, like manure." Variety called the show "forced and derivative", "bland" and "predictable and silly" while conceding that the sex is "no more outrageous than daytime soapers, no more outspoken than Three's Company." [22]

Time magazine praised the "talented cast" and singled out Jimmy Baio and Billy Crystal as "sharp young comedians", but felt the show suffered from "nastiness" and "lacked compassion". [12]

On the more positive side, TV Guide gave the show a good review saying that there was "a heap of talent" in the cast and asking "Is it funny? Yes it is...and I guess that constitutes redeeming social value". [23]

Harry F. Waters' 1977 Newsweek review proved prescient of conservative reaction when the following year, the National PTA declared Soap one of "ten worst" shows in television. In spite of this designation, Soap ranked #13 for the 1977–78 season [6] and went on to gain positive critical reviews and high ratings over the rest of its four-year run.

Later seasons and cancellation

Although the uproar against Soap subsided shortly after its premiere, the program continued to generate additional criticism for its relatively frank depictions of homosexuals, racial and ethnic minorities, the mentally ill as well as its treatment of other taboo topics such as social class, marital infidelity, impotence, incest, sexual harassment, rape, student-teacher sexual relationships, kidnapping, organized crime, and new age cults. Much of the criticism focused on the openly gay character of Jodie Dallas (Billy Crystal). Soap was among the earliest American prime time series to include an openly gay character who was a major part of the series. Some social conservatives opposed the character on religious grounds, while some gay rights activists were also upset with the character of Jodie, arguing that certain story developments reinforced distorted stereotypes, for example his desire to have a sex change operation, or represented a desire to change or downplay his sexual orientation.

Before the start of the second season, ABC ran a 90-minute retrospective clip show called "Who Killed Peter?" in which Burt Campbell visits Jessica Tate in prison as she awaits the verdict of her murder trial. The two discuss each of the show's individual characters and their possible motives for killing Burt's son Peter using flashbacks to illustrate specific story lines. The show was designed to remind viewers of what happened in Season 1 to prepare them for the upcoming season.

At the start of season three, another 90-minute retrospective aired in which Jessica says goodbye to Benson, using the flashback clips to try to explain why he should stay. This show also served to help launch the spinoff Benson , which was premiering at the start of the 1979–80 television season.

A third 90-minute retrospective titled "Jessica's Wonderful Life" aired at the start of Season 4. Jessica, who had just died in the hospital, found herself in heaven speaking to an angel (played by Bea Arthur). Jessica explained via the flashback clips why she was not ready to die and had to return to earth to help her family.

Although Susan Harris had planned for five seasons of Soap, the program was abruptly canceled by ABC after its fourth season. Therefore, the final one-hour episode, which originally aired on April 20, 1981, did not serve as a series finale and instead ended with several unresolved cliffhangers. These involve a suicidal Chester preparing to kill Annie (his wife) & Danny (his son) after catching them in bed together, an irreversibly hypnotized Jodie believing himself to be a 90-year-old Jewish man, Burt preparing to walk into an ambush orchestrated by his political enemies, and Jessica about to be executed by a Communist firing squad. Vlasic Foods pulled their sponsorship of the program shortly after this episode aired and ABC announced that the program was not picked up for its planned fifth season. The official reason given by the network was its declining ratings. However, according to the Museum of Broadcast Communications, Soap "ended under suspicion that resistance from ad agencies may have caused ABC to cancel [it] at that point" because its still controversial content was negatively affecting its relationship with sponsors. [6]

A 1983 episode of Benson mentions Jessica's disappearance, noting the Tate family is seeking to have her declared legally dead. In the episode, Jessica appears as an apparition that only Benson can see or hear and reveals to him that she is not dead, but in a coma somewhere in South America. No other incidents from the final episode of Soap are mentioned, and the opening bars of the theme song for Soap play as she leaves the room.

Legacy

Since its cancellation, Soap's reputation has grown and it is often considered one of the best shows in television history. [2] Much praise has been given to its "exceptionally rich cast" [24] of performers "such as was seldom seen on any serious dramatic show". [25]

In a 1982 post-series analysis in The Village Voice published just as the series was first entering syndication, TV critic Tom Carson lauded the ensemble saying that "the cast matches the best TV series rep troupes ever." Carson went on to note that Soap "patently started out intended as a lampoon of middle-class values, and ended up instead as a weirdly offbeat celebration of them". [26]

In 2007, Time magazine, which initially panned the show, named it one of the 100 Best Shows of All-Time. [2] The Museum of Broadcast Communications said that Soap is "arguably one of the most creative efforts by network television before or after". [6]

In 2009, Norwegian/Danish band Aqua released a song entitled "Back to the 80s" for their second "Greatest Hits" album. The lyrics of the song have several references of pop culture from the eighties decade, in which one of the lines states, "Back to the eighties, back to Soap. Back to Rocky and Cherry Coke...". The single spent six weeks at the number 1 position in Denmark, peaked at number 3 in Norway and at number 25 in Sweden.

In 2010, The Huffington Post called Soap a "timeless comedy" and concluded: "Rarely does a show come along with such a unique voice and vision from the first episode". [27]

Awards and nominations

Soap was nominated for a total 17 Emmy Awards including:

At the 1981 Golden Globe Awards, Katherine Helmond won Best Performance by an Actress in a TV-Series—Musical/Comedy. That same year, the program was also nominated for Best TV Series—Musical/Comedy.

Director Jay Sandrich was nominated for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy Series' at the DGA Awards in 1978 and 1979.

Home media

Sony Pictures Home Entertainment has released all four seasons of Soap on DVD in Region 1. Season 1 has been released on DVD in Region 2 in Norway (as Forviklingar), Sweden (as Lödder), Spain (as Enredo) and the UK. All four seasons have been released in Australia (Region 4).

DVD NameNo. of
episodes
Region 1Region 2 (Norway, Sweden, Spain, UK)
The Complete First Season25September 16, 2003February 25, 2009
The Complete Second Season23July 20, 2004
The Complete Third Season23January 25, 2005
The Complete Fourth Season22October 11, 2005
The Complete Series93June 10, 2008

Some of the episodes on these DVD collections are edited or replaced with the syndicated versions, shortened by as much as 2 to 3 minutes. Season 1 is also missing the disclaimer at the start of the show.

In addition, the DVDs omit the three 90-minute Soap retrospective clips shows, which aired before each season began to remind the audience of what happened in the story during the previous season. The season 1 retrospective "Who Killed Peter Campbell?" and season 3 retrospective "Jessica's Wonderful Life" were released on VHS in the 1990s.

On August 27, 2013, it was announced that Mill Creek Entertainment had acquired the rights to various television series from the Sony Pictures library including Soap. [28] They subsequently re-released the first and second seasons on DVD on September 2, 2014. [29] But unlike the Sony DVDs, the Mill Creek sets have mostly uncut episodes that also restore the majority of the original "on the last episode of Soap" intros that would play prior to the season 4 episodes, and also replaces the syndicated episodes on the previous sets with the original ABC versions. [30]

On June 2, 2015, Mill Creek Entertainment re-released Soap: The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1. [31]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Benson</i> (TV series) American television sitcom series

Benson is an American sitcom television series that originally aired on ABC from September 13, 1979, to April 19, 1986. The show stars Robert Guillaume in the title role of Benson DuBois, the head of the household for Governor Eugene X. Gatling, played by James Noble. The show focused on the conflicts and relationships within the Governor's household, with Benson generally providing the sarcastic voice of reason. Inga Swenson, Missy Gold, Didi Conn, Ethan Phillips, and René Auberjonois all played long-term supporting roles.

Katherine Helmond American actress

Katherine Marie Helmond was an American actress. Over her five decades of television acting, she was known for her starring role as ditzy matriarch Jessica Tate on the sitcom Soap (1977–1981) and her co-starring role as feisty mother Mona Robinson on Who's the Boss? (1984–1992). Helmond also appeared in a 1993 episode of The Upper Hand, the British version of Who's the Boss?. She also played Doris Sherman on Coach and Lois Whelan on Everybody Loves Raymond. She also appeared as a guest on several talk and variety shows.

<i>The Carol Burnett Show</i> Television series

The Carol Burnett Show was an American variety/sketch comedy television show starring Carol Burnett, Harvey Korman, Vicki Lawrence, and Lyle Waggoner. In 1975, frequent guest star Tim Conway became a regular after Waggoner left the series. In 1977, Dick Van Dyke replaced Korman but it was agreed that it was not a match and he left after 10 episodes.

Diana Muldaur American actress

Diana Charlton Muldaur is an American film and television actress. Muldaur's television roles include Rosalind Shays on L.A. Law and Dr. Katherine Pulaski in the second season of Star Trek: The Next Generation. She also appeared in two episodes of Star Trek: The Original Series in the late 1960s, playing two different roles. She has been nominated for an Emmy two times: twice as a supporting actress on L.A. Law in 1990 and 1991. She was also nominated twice for a Q Award from Viewers for Quality Television for L.A. Law.

Inga Swenson American actress

Inga Swenson is an American actress. She appeared in multiple Broadway productions and received two Tony nominations. She also spent seven years portraying Gretchen Kraus in the ABC comedy series Benson.

Robert Mandan American actor

Robert Mandan was an American actor, best known for his roles as Sam Reynolds on Search for Tomorrow (1965-1970), Chester Tate, the womanizing businessman husband of Jessica Tate on the satirical sitcom Soap from 1977–1981 and James Bradford on the short lived Three's Company spin off Three's A Crowd that lasted for one season.

Diana Canova American actress

Diana Canova is an American actress, director, and professor. Best known as Corinne Tate in Soap (1977-1980).

<i>Vegas</i> (1978 TV series)

Vegas is an American private detective crime drama television series that aired on ABC from April 25, 1978, to June 3, 1981. Vega$ was produced by Aaron Spelling, and created by Michael Mann. The series was filmed in its entirety in Las Vegas, Nevada.

<i>Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman</i> Television series

Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman is an American satirical soap opera that aired in daily weeknight syndication from January 1976 to July 1977. The series follows the titular Mary Hartman, an Ohio housewife attempting to cope with various bizarre and violent incidents occurring around her. The series was produced by Norman Lear, directed by Joan Darling, Jim Drake, Nessa Hyams, and Giovanna Nigro, and starred Louise Lasser, Greg Mullavey, Dody Goodman, Norman Alden, Mary Kay Place, Graham Jarvis, Debralee Scott, and Victor Kilian. The series writers were Gail Parent and Ann Marcus.

Victoria Lord

Victoria Lord is a fictional character and matriarch of the Lord family on the American soap opera One Life to Live, played for over 41 years by six-time Daytime Emmy Award-winning actress Erika Slezak.

<i>Sons and Daughters</i> (Australian TV series) Australian soap opera

Sons and Daughters is an Australian Logie Award-winning soap opera/drama serial created by Reg Watson and produced by the Reg Grundy Organisation between 1981 and 1987. The first episode aired on Monday 18 January 1982, during the Christmas/New Year non-ratings period in both Sydney and Melbourne, and the following week in Brisbane and Adelaide. The final episode was screened in Sydney on Sunday 27 December 1987 and in Melbourne on Sunday 10 January 1988. Adelaide station ADS7 was one of the first to complete the series, showing the final episodes in a two-hour special on Monday 16 November 1987.

Jennifer Salt

Jennifer Salt is an American producer, screenwriter, and former actress.

Jeanette Nolan

Jeanette Nolan was an American actress. Nominated for four Emmy Awards, she had roles in the television series The Virginian (1962–1971) and Dirty Sally (1974), and in films such as Macbeth (1948).

Baby Talk is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from March 8, 1991 until May 8, 1992 as part of ABC's TGIF lineup. The show was loosely based on the Look Who's Talking movies and was adapted for television by Ed Weinberger. Amy Heckerling created original characters for the series while using key creative and script elements from Look Who's Talking, which she had written and directed. Weinberger served as executive producer during the first season, and was replaced by Saul Turteltaub and Bernie Orenstein in the second season.

<i>Ryans Hope</i> Television series

Ryan's Hope is an American soap opera created by Claire Labine and Paul Avila Mayer, originally airing for 13 years on ABC from July 7, 1975 to January 13, 1989. It revolves around the trials and tribulations within a large Irish-American family in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.

Jodie Dallas

Jodie Dallas is a fictional character from the 1977 American sitcom Soap. He was played by Billy Crystal. The son of central character Mary Campbell, Jodie works as a television commercial director. Jodie was among the first gay characters on American television. Despite being gay, Jodie fathered a child through a one-night stand, and many of his storylines throughout the series centered on his involvement with women. Jodie had relationships with two other women but maintained throughout the series that he was still gay. The series ended with Jodie, as the result of hypnotherapy, believing he was an elderly Jewish man.

Witt/Thomas Productions is an American television and movie production company run by TV producers Paul Junger Witt and Tony Thomas. The company was consistently productive between its founding in 1975 and 1999, but is still active, producing an occasional film or TV series project. It has produced more than 25 American primetime television series, mostly half-hour sitcoms. Witt/Thomas is perhaps best known for producing the popular sitcoms Soap, Benson, It's a Living, The Golden Girls, Empty Nest, Blossom, and Brotherly Love. Witt and Thomas have also produced many cinematic works, including the 1989 box-office success Dead Poets Society.

<i>Twisted</i> (TV series) 2013 television series

Twisted is an American teen drama mystery-thriller television series. The pilot episode aired on March 19, 2013, and the show's remaining 10 episodes resumed airing on June 18, 2013.

References

  1. "Golden Girls Creator Adds Shows". LA Times. September 10, 1991. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  2. 1 2 3 Poniewozik, James (September 6, 2007). "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME". Time . Time.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  3. The Best of Soap: Who Killed Peter?. ASIN   630308219X.
  4. Miller, Taylor Cole (May 28, 2013). "Randee Heller, 'Mad Mens Miss Blankenship, Played American Television's First Recurring Lesbian Role". Huffington Post . Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  5. "ABC Anxious as Affils Wary of 'Soap'". Daily Variety. March 13, 1977. p. 72.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 "Soap—The Museum of Broadcast Communications" . Retrieved January 31, 2014.
  7. Harry F. Waters (June 13, 1977). "99 and 44/100% Impure". Newsweek. 90 (3): 92.
  8. 1 2 3 Dennis Ayers (October 12, 2007). "Billy Crystal's place in gay pop culture history". AfterElton.com.
  9. Garrett, Barry (22 September 1977). "Churchmen Say Carter Shows Partially to Catholics" (PDF). Baptist Press. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  10. "Church seeks boycott of 'Soap' product". The Hollywood Reporter: 5. June 2, 1977.
  11. "Mature Adult 'Soap' Rocks ABC's Boat". Time: 13, 17. Sep 18, 1977.
  12. 1 2 "Viewpoint: Soap, Betty & Rafferty". Time: 72. Sep 12, 1977.
  13. 1 2 "Can 'Soap' Slip Through the Minefield?". Daily Variety. Sep 29, 1977.
  14. Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present. New York: Ballantine Books. p. 1266. ISBN   978-0345497734.
  15. Sharbutt, Jay (18 July 1977). "ABC Slipping on 'Soap'". Ocala Star-Banner. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  16. "10 Sexual Controversies That Changed TV 4. SOAP (1977–1981)" . Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  17. "Affiliates Wash Out 'Soap'". The Kingston Daily Freeman. Kingston, New York. UPI. September 6, 1977. p. 5. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  18. O'Gara, Hugh (September 10, 1977). "KXON says 'No 'Soap to eastern South Dakota TV audiences". The Argus-Leader. Sioux Falls, South Dakota. p. 1. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  19. Seligsohn, Leo (September 18, 1977). "Cleansers Try to Shampoo 'Soap'". Newsday. Melville, New York. pp. 4, 38. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  20. Aldridge, Ron (July 4, 1978). "WSOC May Make 'Soap' Permanent". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. p. 16A. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  21. "Taming a Lusty Show: Censor's Memo Tells How". Los Angeles Times. June 27, 1977.
  22. "TV Review: 'Soap'". Daily Variety. Sep 13, 1977.
  23. "Review: Soap". TV Guide: 48. Oct 8, 1977.
  24. Podrazik, Walter (1989). Harry and Wally's Favorite TV Shows. New York: Prentice Hall Trade. pp. 471–472. ISBN   978-0139332500.
  25. Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 1266–67. ISBN   978-0345497734.
  26. "There Is Life After Death". Village Voice: 100. Dec 14, 1982.
  27. Hughes, Jason. "Gone Too Soon: 'Soap'" . Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  28. "Site News DVD news: Mill Creek Licenses 52 TV Shows from Sony for Low-Cost DVD Release - TVShowsOnDVD.com". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  29. "Soap DVD news: Announcement for Soap - The Complete Seasons 1 & 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  30. "Mill Creek's rerelease of SOAP". Blu-ray Movie Discussion, Expert Reviews & News. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  31. "Soap DVD news: Re-Release for Soap - The Complete Series - TVShowsOnDVD.com". Archived from the original on 21 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.