Fairfield, California

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Fairfield, California
City of Fairfield
Sign in Downtown Fairfield
Solano County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Fairfield Highlighted 0623182.svg
Location of Fairfield in Solano County, California.
USA California location map.svg
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Location in California
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Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°15′28″N122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417 Coordinates: 38°15′28″N122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417
Country United States
State California
County Solano
Incorporated December 12, 1903 [1]
  Type Council-manager [2]
   Mayor Harry T. Price [3]
   State senator Bill Dodd (D) [4]
   Assemblymember Jim Frazier (D) [4]
   U. S. rep. John Garamendi (D) [5]
  Total41.39 sq mi (107.21 km2)
  Land41.14 sq mi (106.55 km2)
  Water0.26 sq mi (0.66 km2)  6.95%
13 ft (4 m)
 (2010) [8]
(2019) [9]
  Rank 2nd in Solano County
52nd in California
  Density2,847.32/sq mi (1,099.35/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes [10]
Area code 707
FIPS code 06-23182
GNIS feature IDs 1656005, 2410474
Website www.fairfield.ca.gov

Fairfield is a city in and the county seat of Solano County, California, in the North Bay sub-region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It is generally considered the midpoint between the cities of San Francisco and Sacramento, approximately 40 miles (64 km) from the city center of both cities, approximately 40 miles (64 km) from the city center of Oakland, less than 19 miles (31 km) from Napa Valley, 16 miles (26 km) from the Carquinez Bridge, and 14 miles (23 km) from the Benicia Bridge. Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut.


It is the home of Travis Air Force Base and the headquarters of Jelly Belly. With a population of 108,321 at the 2010 census, it is slightly smaller in population than Vallejo. Other nearby cities include Suisun City, Vacaville, Rio Vista, Benicia, and Napa.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.6 square miles (97 km2), of which, 34.4 square miles (89 km2) of it is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) of it is water. The total area is 5.65% water.

The city is located within the California Coastal Ranges. The city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Bay. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marsh, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States.

The city includes one hospital NorthBay Medical Center, a 154-bed advanced medical facility that also features a level II Trauma Center.


Chief Francisco Solano was granted Rancho Suisun in 1837 by Californio General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Robert H. Waterman later purchased Rancho Suisin and developed it into the city of Fairfield. Chief Solano (Namesake of Solano County, California).jpg
Chief Francisco Solano was granted Rancho Suisun in 1837 by Californio General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Robert H. Waterman later purchased Rancho Suisin and developed it into the city of Fairfield.

According to the City of Fairfield website, [11] Native Americans, such as those from the Ion culture, settled in the Rockville and Green Valley areas. Artifacts that have been found from some of the earliest human inhabitants of the Fairfield area are dated to be around five to six thousand years old, making them some of the oldest Native American settlements in Northern California.

The first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisun Indians. In 1835 the Mexican General Vallejo was so magnanimous in victory over the Indian Chief Sem Yeto that the chief later became his ally in conflicts against other tribes. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received the Rancho Suisun Mexican land grant. This grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Fairfield, Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. He not only parceled out the town in 1856, but also, in a commercially shrewd move, entered Fairfield in the race for Solano County seat in 1858, and won it from Benicia. As an inducement he granted 16 acres (6.5 ha) of land for the construction of county buildings. In 1903 Fairfield was incorporated as a city.

In August 2020, parts of Fairfield were evacuated due to the Hennessey Fire, which resulted in the burning of over 315,000 acres (127,476 ha) in five counties, including in nearby Vacaville. [12]


Historical population
1870 329
1880 42428.9%
1910 834
1920 1,00820.9%
1930 1,13112.2%
1940 1,31216.0%
1950 3,118137.7%
1960 14,968380.1%
1970 44,146194.9%
1980 58,09931.6%
1990 77,21132.9%
2000 96,17824.6%
2010 105,3219.5%
2019 (est.)117,133 [9] 11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]


The 2010 United States Census [14] reported that Fairfield had a population of 105,322. The population density was 2,798.5 people per square mile (1,080.5/km2). The racial makeup of Fairfield was 48,407 (46.0%) White, 16,586 (15.7%) African American, 869 (0.8%) Native American, 15,700 (14.9%) Asian (9.1% Filipino, 1.8% Indian, 1.0% Chinese, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Laotian, 0.2% Thai, 0.1% Pakistani), 1,149 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 13,301 (12.6%) from other races, and 9,309 (8.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,789 persons (27.3%); 21.2% of Fairfield was Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Rican, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.3% Guatemalan, 0.2% Cuban, and 0.2% Peruvian.

The Census reported that 102,832 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,221 (1.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,268 (1.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 34,484 households, out of which 14,725 (42.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,461 (53.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,203 (15.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,179 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,052 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 237 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,802 households (19.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,500 (7.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 25,843 families (74.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.42.

The population was spread out, with 28,499 people (27.1%) under the age of 18, 11,246 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 28,917 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 25,884 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,775 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

There were 37,184 housing units at an average density of 988.0 per square mile (381.5/km2), of which 20,835 (60.4%) were owner-occupied, and 13,649 (39.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. 61,652 people (58.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 41,180 people (39.1%) lived in rental housing units.


As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 96,178 people, 30,870 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 986.3/km2 (2,554.2/mi2). There were 31,792 housing units at an average density of 326.0/km2 (844.3/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.21% White, 15.02% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 10.89% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 8.77% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. 18.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 30,870 households, out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,151, and the median income for a family was $55,503. Males had a median income of $38,544 versus $30,616 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,617. 9.3% of the population and 7.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


Fairfield has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa). Summers have hot afternoons with cool nights with a lengthy dry period, whereas winters see frequent rainfall with mild to cool temperatures.

Climate data for Fairfield, California
Record high °F (°C)76
Average high °F (°C)55.4
Average low °F (°C)37.6
Record low °F (°C)18
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.77
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)11109631001371060
Source 1: Western Regional Climate Center (normals and extremes 1950–present) [16]
Source 2: The Weather Channel [17]

Industry and major employers

Fairfield has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, health care, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors. [18] Anheuser-Busch operates a large regional Budweiser brewery, Clorox produces bleach products, and the Jelly Belly Candy Company confects its specialty jelly beans in Fairfield. [18] Partnership HealthPlan of California, an insurer, is based in Fairfield.

Top employers

According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [19] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Travis Air Force Base 13,414
2 Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District 2,187
3 County of Solano 2,133
4NorthBay Medical Center1,969
5 Solano Community College 750
6Partnership Health Plan561
7 City of Fairfield 541
8 Jelly Belly 489
9 Sutter Regional Medical Foundation 475
10 Westamerica Bank 418

Government and politics

There are five city councilmembers, which include the vice-Mayor, and Mayor. Councilmembers are elected at large for four-year, staggered terms. Elections are held in November of even-numbered years. Beginning in November 2020, city council elections in Fairfield will be conducted by-district, with six district seats and an at-large mayoral seat for a total of seven council seats. [20]


Area high schools:
Area middle schools:

Area alternative schools and other programs:

Area elementary schools:

Vanden High School, Golden West Middle School, Travis Education Center, Travis Community Day School, Center Elementary School, Scandia Elementary School, and Travis Elementary School are part of the Travis Unified School District (TUSD), and serve Travis Air Force Base (TAFB) as well as parts of Fairfield and Vacaville. Golden Hills Community School is part of the Solano County Office of Education (SCOE). All others are part of the Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District (FSUSD).

Universities and colleges nearby: the California Maritime Academy (CSU), UC Davis, UC Berkeley, Sacramento State, CSU East Bay, Sonoma State, St. Mary's College, University of Phoenix and Brandman University. The main campus of Solano Community College is located in Fairfield—as well as satellite campuses of University of Phoenix, Brandman University, InterCoast Colleges, and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University (at Travis AFB).


Aerial view of Fairfield, with Travis Air Force Base in the upper center. Aerial view of Fairfield, California.jpg
Aerial view of Fairfield, with Travis Air Force Base in the upper center.

Downtown Fairfield offers shopping, community festivals and entertainment.


Fairfield is home to three golf courses, two public and one private (located in unincorporated area East of Fairfield, North of TAFB for use by military personnel). Paradise Valley and Rancho Solano Golf Courses, both public, are rated in the Zagat Survey of "America's Best Golf Courses," rated 3+12 stars by Golf Digest Magazine in 2010 and voted #1 and #2 golf courses in Solano County for consecutive years.


Interstate 80 passes through Fairfield, connecting San Francisco to the southwest and Sacramento to the northeast. Interstate 680 begins its journey south through the eastern cities of the Bay Area to San Jose. State Route 12 connects Fairfield with Napa to the west, and Rio Vista to the east.

The Fairfield-Vacaville railroad station on Peabody Rd serves the communities of Fairfield/Suisun and Vacaville. The station opened in November 2017. [21] The station is served by Capitol Corridor trains operated by Amtrak California. [22] Additionally, the Suisun-Fairfield station in Suisun City serves the central Solano area. Greyhound utilizes this station for service to the Fairfield-Suisun area as well.

The Fairfield Transportation Center is the main hub for commuters via bus as well as vanpools and park-and-ride to the Sacramento area and the San Francisco Bay Area. There is connecting bus service to Sacramento and to BART stations in El Cerrito and Concord/Walnut Creek, as well as intercity to Vacaville, Vallejo, Davis, Napa, and Rio Vista.

Sister city relations

Notable people

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Armijo High School is a public secondary school located in Fairfield, California, United States. It is the oldest of the three high schools in the Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District, the other two being Fairfield High School and Angelo Rodriguez High School. It is named after the Armijo family, who purchased one of the original six land grants in Solano County awarded to General Mariano Vallejo. The school serves about 2600 students in grades 9 to 12 from the central part of Fairfield and Suisun City.

Suisun people

The Suisunes were a tribe of Native Americans that lived in Northern California's Suisun Marsh regions of Solano County, California between what is now Suisun City, Vacaville and Putah Creek around 200 years ago. The Suisunes' main village, Yulyul, is believed to be where Rockville, California is located today. Father Abella, visitor to the tribe in 1811, indicated they resided in the present location of Fairfield, north of the Suisun Bay. One of the Suisunes' primary food sources was acorns. Their diet also included fish as well as miner's lettuce. Their huts were conical wikiups made of rushes or tule thatch.

Fairfield and Suisun Transit

Fairfield and Suisun Transit (FAST) provides general public fixed route bus service through eight local and two intercity/commuter routes. All FAST buses are wheelchair accessible and most are equipped with bike racks.

Vacaville City Coach

Vacaville City Coach runs local fixed route bus service in the city of Vacaville, California. Vacaville City Coach also administers two commuter services operated by Fairfield and Suisun Transit (FAST) from the Vacaville Transportation Center to Davis, Dixon, Fairfield, Pleasant Hill, Sacramento, and Walnut Creek.


SolanoExpress is a public transit network of regional express buses connecting Solano County, California to Contra Costa County and the Sacramento Valley. It is managed by the Solano Transportation Authority and operated by Fairfield and Suisun Transit (FAST) and SolTrans. The Solano Transportation Authority is a joint powers authority established in 1990 by Solano County and the cities of Benicia, Dixon, Fairfield, Rio Vista, Suisun City, Vacaville, and Vallejo to serve as the Congestion Management Agency for Solano County, as mandated by California law.

Rockville, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

Rockville is a small unincorporated community in northern-central Solano County, California, southwest of Fairfield and closest to Cordelia.

Vaca Mountains

The Vaca Mountains are a mountain range in Napa and Solano Counties, California that is one of the California Coast Ranges. They represent the easternmost of the Inner Coast Ranges in north−central California, and divide the Suisun Valley on their west, from the Sacramento Valley on their east.

Scandia is an area of Solano County, California. It means “Little Norway,” and refers to the Scandinavian pioneers who settled the area southeast of present-day Fairfield, California.

Vacaville Transportation Center

Vacaville Transportation Center also known as the Vacaville Intermodal Station is a bus station in Vacaville, California. It is served by Fairfield and Suisun Transit (FAST), Vacaville City Coach, Yolobus, and the Bulldog Express wine tours.

The Vallejo and Northern Railroad was a proposed 58.15-mile (93.58 km) interurban line between Vallejo and West Sacramento, California. Terminal sites were purchased in Fairfield, Suisun, Vacaville, and Vallejo, California; but the 1906 San Francisco earthquake temporarily prevented further construction. The company had become a subsidiary of the Sacramento Northern Railway predecessor Northern Electric Railway by the time construction resumed. A single tram lettered Vallejo & Northern # 1 operated in downtown Sacramento from 15 November 1911 until 1914. Construction of what would become the Sacramento Northern Willotta branch began in 1911; and rails were laid in 1913. A steam train operated over track from a dock on Suisun Bay toward Fairfield from February until the line was electrified in June. Northern Electric combination cars numbered 103, 104 and 22 offered passenger service over this isolated branch until passenger service was abandoned in 1926. Motor #701 pulled carloads of freight transferred from barges and shallow-draft steamboats at Suisun. Western Pacific Railroad proposed extending the Willotta branch of their Sacramento Northern subsidiary through Jamison Canyon to connect with the Petaluma and Santa Rosa Railroad (P&SR) as late as 1932, but the Great Depression and Northwestern Pacific Railroad purchase of the P&SR prevented such expansion. The Willotta branch was relocated during construction of Travis Air Force Base in 1942, and diesel locomotives replaced electric operation in 1947.


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