El Cerrito, California

Last updated
El Cerrito
City of El Cerrito
Cerrito Theater San Pablo Avenue.jpg
San Pablo Avenue, with the historic Cerrito Theater
El Cerrito California Seal.png
Seal
Contra Costa County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas El Cerrito Highlighted 0621796.svg
Location of El Cerrito in Contra Costa County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
El Cerrito
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°54′57″N122°18′42″W / 37.91583°N 122.31167°W / 37.91583; -122.31167 Coordinates: 37°54′57″N122°18′42″W / 37.91583°N 122.31167°W / 37.91583; -122.31167
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Contra Costa
Incorporated August 23, 1917 [1]
Government
   Mayor Rochelle Pardue-Okimoto [2]
   State Senator Nancy Skinner (D) [3]
   State Assembly Buffy Wicks (D) [4]
   U. S. Congress Mark DeSaulnier (D) [5]
   County Board District 1:
John Gioia
Area
[6]
  Total3.66 sq mi (9.47 km2)
  Land3.66 sq mi (9.47 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
69 ft (21 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total23,549
  Estimate 
(2016) [7]
25,400
  Density6,945.58/sq mi (2,681.82/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
94530
Area code(s) 510
FIPS code 06-21796
GNIS feature IDs 277504, 2410410
Website www.el-cerrito.org

El Cerrito is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States, and forms part of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of 23,549 according to the 2010 census. El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It was incorporated in 1917 as a village with 1,500 residents. As of the census in 2000, there were 23,171 people, 10,208 households and 5,971 families in the city. The top 20 employers in the city, according to the 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, include such entities as the West Contra Costa Unified School District, the City of El Cerrito, Lucky Stores, Pastime ACE Hardware, and Honda of El Cerrito.

Contra Costa County, California County in California, United States

Contra Costa County is a county in the state of California in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,049,025. The county seat is Martinez. It occupies the northern portion of the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, and is primarily suburban. The county's name is Spanish for "opposite coast", referring to its position on the other side of the bay from San Francisco. Contra Costa County is included in the San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

San Francisco Bay Area Conurbation in California, United States

The San Francisco Bay Area is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun Bay estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. Although the exact boundaries of the region vary depending on the source, the Bay Area is defined by the Association of Bay Area Governments to include the nine counties that border the aforementioned estuaries: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, Sonoma, and San Francisco. Other sources may exclude parts of or even entire counties, or expand the definition to include neighboring counties that don't border the bay such as San Benito, San Joaquin, and Santa Cruz.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. They settled in what was then Don Víctor Castro's Rancho San Pablo, and adjacent to the ranch owned by the family of Luís María Peralta, the Rancho San Antonio. [8] A post office opened at the settlement in 1909 and the refugee camp became known as Rust, after Wilhelm F. Rust, its first postmaster. [9] [10] The village's residents did not care for the name and changed it to El Cerrito (meaning "little hills" or "knoll") in 1916, in reference to the many individual hills in the village. [9] A year later, El Cerrito was incorporated as a village with 1,500 residents. [8]

Víctor Ramón Castro was a landowner in an area of Alta California which later became part of Contra Costa County, California. Víctor Castro was the son of Francisco María Castro, a former soldier at the San Francisco Presidio, one-time alcalde of the Pueblo of San José, and grantee of Rancho San Pablo.

Rancho San Pablo was a 17,939-acre (72.60 km2) land grant in present-day Contra Costa County, California given in 1823 by Governor Luís Antonio Argüello to Francisco María Castro (1775–1831), a former soldier at the San Francisco Presidio and one-time alcalde of the Pueblo of San José. The grant was reconfirmed by Governor José Figueroa in 1834 to the heirs of Francisco Castro, including Víctor Castro. The San Pablo grant covered what is now Richmond, San Pablo, and Kensington in western Contra Costa County.

Rancho San Antonio (Peralta)

Rancho San Antonio, also known as the Peralta Grant, was a 44,800-acre (181 km2) land grant by Governor Pablo Vicente de Solá, the last Spanish governor of California, to Don Luís María Peralta, a sergeant in the Spanish Army and later, commissioner of the Pueblo of San José, in recognition of his forty years of service. The grant, issued on August 3, 1820, embraced the sites of the cities of San Leandro, Oakland, Alameda, Emeryville, Piedmont, Berkeley, and Albany.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), all of it land. The city is at an elevation of 69 feet (21 m). [10]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

El Cerrito is located on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay. The hilly areas of El Cerrito provide views of its neighboring city, and of the Golden Gate Bridge. El Cerrito is located along Interstate 80, and nearby Interstate 580. The city is less than 30 miles from two major airports. El Cerrito is bordered by Albany and Kensington to the south, the Richmond annex to the west, East Richmond Heights to the north, and Wildcat Canyon Regional Park to the east. Local landmark Albany Hill is in Albany, just across the border with El Cerrito. (El Cerrito—Spanish, "the little hill"—takes its name from Albany Hill.)[ citation needed ] The Hayward Fault runs through El Cerrito. In addition, El Cerrito is within 150 meters (490 feet) of Berkeley to the southeast.

Golden Gate Bridge suspension bridge on the San Francisco Bay

The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the one-mile-wide (1.6 km) strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. The bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Albany, California City in California, United States

Albany is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northwestern Alameda County, California. The population was 18,539 at the 2010 census and is estimated to be 20,143 in 2017.

Kensington, California Census designated place & unincorporated community in California, United States

Kensington is an unincorporated community and census designated place located in the Berkeley Hills, in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area, in Contra Costa County, California. The population was 5,077 at the 2010 census.

El Cerrito is approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the University of California Berkeley campus and has two BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) stations: El Cerrito del Norte and El Cerrito Plaza.

University of California public university system in California

The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the U.S. state of California. Under the California Master Plan for Higher Education, the University of California is a part of the state's three-system public higher education plan, which also includes the California State University system and the California Community Colleges System.

Campus land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated

A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a college campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls, student centers or dining halls, and park-like settings.

Transportation

The city's primary transportation infrastructure consists of the El Cerrito Plaza and El Cerrito del Norte BART stations, along with several local bus lines operated by AC Transit, providing access to the surrounding area and the nearby cities of Albany, Berkeley and Richmond. In addition to this local service, El Cerrito is also served by AC Transit's transbay buses to the San Francisco Transbay Terminal, as well as its late night service from the del Norte station through Richmond, San Pablo, and Pinole, and one of the All Nighter routes, which follows the Richmond-Millbrae BART line. FAST, Golden Gate Transit, Vallejo Transit, Napa VINE, and WestCat provide feeder service between the del Norte station and elsewhere in Contra Costa County and the North Bay.

Bay Area Rapid Transit Railway system in California, USA

Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is a rapid transit public transportation system serving the San Francisco Bay Area in California. The heavy rail elevated and subway system connects San Francisco and Oakland with urban and suburban areas in Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Mateo counties. BART serves 48 stations along six routes on 112 miles (180 km) of rapid transit lines, including a ten-mile spur line in eastern Contra Costa County which utilizes diesel multiple-unit trains and a 3.2-mile (5.1 km) automated guideway transit line to the Oakland International Airport. With an average of 423,000 weekday passengers and 124.2 million annual passengers in fiscal year 2017, BART is the fifth-busiest heavy rail rapid transit system in the United States.

AC Transit public transit operator in Alameda County and Contra Costa County, California

AC Transit is an Oakland-based public transit agency serving the western portions of Alameda and Contra Costa counties in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. AC Transit also operates "Transbay" routes across San Francisco Bay to San Francisco and selected areas in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties. AC Transit is constituted as a special district under California law. It is governed by seven elected members. It is not a part of or under the control of Alameda or Contra Costa counties or any local jurisdictions.

San Francisco Transbay Terminal transportation complex in San Francisco

The San Francisco Transbay Terminal or Transbay Terminal, was a transportation complex in San Francisco, California, United States, roughly in the center of the rectangle bounded north–south by Mission Street and Howard Street, and east–west by Beale Street and 2nd Street in the South of Market area of the city. It opened on January 14, 1939 as a train station and was converted into a bus depot in 1959. The terminal mainly served San Francisco's downtown and Financial District, as transportation from surrounding communities of the Bay Area terminated there such as: Golden Gate Transit buses from Marin County, AC Transit buses from the East Bay, and SamTrans buses from San Mateo County. Long-distance buses from beyond the Bay Area such as Greyhound and Amtrak also served the terminal. Several bus lines of the San Francisco Municipal Railway connected with the terminal.

Places

San Pablo Avenue stretches the length of El Cerrito and is the primary commercial and retail corridor of the city, though there is a segment in which the businesses on the west side of the avenue are actually in Richmond Annex but have an El Cerrito postal address.

El Cerrito is home to El Cerrito Plaza, a large automobile-oriented (though it is also served by public transit at the adjacent BART station) shopping center originally built as a regional mall in the 1950s, and the Cerrito Theater, a restored two-screen movie theater known for offering beer, wine, and a full dining menu. The shopping center is surrounded by other commercial and retail businesses along San Pablo Avenue and Fairmount Avenue.

El Cerrito city parks include both recreation/sports parks as well as undeveloped nature areas. Most notable are the 80-acre (320,000 m2) Hillside Natural Area open space, Huber Park (Terrace Drive), Cerrito Vista Park (Moeser Lane and Pomona Avenue), and Arlington Park (Arlington Boulevard), Tassajara Park (Tassajara Avenue and Barrett Avenue), Poinsett Park (Poinsett Avenue), and the Canyon Trail Park and Art Center (Gatto Avenue). The City is home to a 2.6-mile (4.2 km) segment of the Ohlone Greenway (named after the Native American Ohlone people), a trail that runs the length of the City along a former railroad grade underneath the BART right-of-way that is popular with walkers, runners, and bicyclists, as well as the blind, deaf, and mute population.

The city is nominally home to Arhoolie Records (actually located in Richmond Annex), part of the Smithsonian Institution. Also located in the city was Playland-Not-At-The-Beach, a now-closed popular amusement park museum.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 1,505
1930 3,870157.1%
1940 6,13758.6%
1950 18,011193.5%
1960 25,43741.2%
1970 25,190−1.0%
1980 22,731−9.8%
1990 22,8690.6%
2000 23,1711.3%
2010 23,5491.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [12] reported that El Cerrito had a population of 23,549. The population density was 6,385.3 people per square mile (2465.6/km²). The 2010 racial makeup of El Cerrito was:

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,621 persons (11.1%).

The Census reported that 23,456 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 48 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 45 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 10,142 households, out of which 2,394 (23.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,703 (46.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,047 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, and 416 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 509 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 189 (1.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,953 (29.1%) were made up of individuals and 1188 (11.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31. There were 6,166 families (60.8% of all households); the average family size was 2.84.

The population was spread out with 4,087 people (17.4%) under the age of 18, 1,281 people (5.4%) aged 18 to 24, 6,918 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 7,036 people (29.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,227 people (17.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

There were 10,716 housing units at an average density of 2905.6 per square mile (1122.0/km²), of which 10,142 were occupied, of which 6,145 (60.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,997 (39.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. 14,474 people (61.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,982 people (38.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

Midtown El Cerrito Midtown El Cerrito.jpg
Midtown El Cerrito

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 23,171 people, 10,208 households, and 5,971 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,356.5 people per square mile (2,451.1/km²). There were 10,462 housing units at an average density of 2,870.1 per square mile (1,106.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.79% White, 8.54% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 24.38% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 3.06% from other races, and 5.48% from two or more races. 7.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,208 households out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city, the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,253, and the median income for a family was $69,397 (these figures had risen to $77,650 and $97,488 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [14] ). Males had a median income of $50,316 versus $40,866 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,593. About 3.5% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

At home the percentages of the languages residents speak are English 70.47%, Spanish 6.26%, Chinese 5.96%, Japanese 2.70%, Mandarin 1.80%, Cantonese 1.57%, Persian 1.43%, Tagalog 1.30%, Korean 1.08%, French 0.90%, German 0.83%, Formosan 0.73%, Italian 0.66%, Vietnamese 0.57%, Urdu 0.50%, and 3.23% of people spoke some other language which represented less than 0.50% of the population. [15]

Economy

Top employers

According to the City of El Cerrito's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the year ended June 30, 2013 [16] the top employers in the city are:

Note: Data not available for ranking or total employees for each employer.

Politics

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, El Cerrito has 16,304 registered voters. Of those, 10,560 (64.8%) are registered Democrats, 1,020 (6.3%) are registered Republicans, and 4,156 (25.5%) have declined to state a political party. [17]

El Cerrito vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican
2016 86.7%11,4457.8% 1,031
2012 85.2%10,49611.2% 1,391
2008 85.3%10,86812.5% 1,596
2004 83.7%9,87614.6% 1,724
2000 74.1%8,77217.6% 2,088
1996 69.6%8,00018.6% 2,136
1992 70.7%8,89017.7% 2,221
1988 68.6%8,43130.3% 3,724
1984 60.5%7,72638.4% 4,901
1980 48.3%5,56438.0% 4,375
1976 52.1%5,85145.5% 5,116
1972 49.1%6,09848.4% 6,012
1968 49.5%5,98642.6% 5,148
1964 58.4%6,44241.6% 4,593

Education

Primary and secondary schools

El Cerrito is in the West Contra Costa Unified School District, a multi-city district that operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school in the city:

El Cerrito is home to a private preschool as well as private elementary and middle schools:

Additionally, El Cerrito has one charter middle school and high school:

Public libraries

There is a branch of the Contra Costa County Library system in El Cerrito. [18]

Notable people

listed alphabetically by first name

Notes

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  2. "City Council". El Cerrito, CA. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  3. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  4. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  5. "California's 11th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  6. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. 1 2 Contra Costa/Alameda County Line Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , Mervin Belfils/El Cerrito Historical Society, October 1975/June 2006, retrieved 2007-08-01
  9. 1 2 Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 628. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
  10. 1 2 "El Cerrito". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Cerrito city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2014-01-09.
  15. El Cerrito entry, MLA Data Center, retrieved October 21, 2007
  16. "City of El Cerrito CAFR". Principal Employers. City of El Cerrito. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  17. "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  18. "El Cerrito Library." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  19. "Alice Schwartz". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  20. Lauren Myracle (1 February 2007). TTFN (Ta-Ta for Now). Harry N. Abrams. ISBN   978-0-8109-9279-5.

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