El Cerrito, California

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El Cerrito, California
Cerrito Theater San Pablo Avenue.jpg
San Pablo Avenue, with the historic Cerrito Theater
El Cerrito California Seal.png
Contra Costa County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas El Cerrito Highlighted 0621796.svg
Location of El Cerrito in Contra Costa County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
El Cerrito, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°54′57″N122°18′42″W / 37.91583°N 122.31167°W / 37.91583; -122.31167 Coordinates: 37°54′57″N122°18′42″W / 37.91583°N 122.31167°W / 37.91583; -122.31167
Country United States
State California
County Contra Costa
Incorporated August 23, 1917 [1]
Government
   Mayor Paul Fadelli [2]
   State Senator Nancy Skinner (D) [3]
   State Assembly Buffy Wicks (D) [4]
   U. S. Congress Mark DeSaulnier (D) [5]
   County Board District 1:
John Gioia
Area
[6]
  Total3.67 sq mi (9.51 km2)
  Land3.67 sq mi (9.51 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
69 ft (21 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total23,549
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
25,508
  Density6,946.62/sq mi (2,682.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
94530
Area code(s) 510, 341
FIPS code 06-21796
GNIS feature IDs 277504, 2410410
Website www.el-cerrito.org

El Cerrito (Spanish for "The Little Hill") is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States, and forms part of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of 23,549 according to the 2010 census. El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It was incorporated in 1917 as a village with 1,500 residents. As of the census in 2000, there were 23,171 people, 10,208 households and 5,971 families in the city.

Contents

History

Don Victor Castro, a Californio ranchero and politician who owned the area as part of his Rancho El Sobrante, helped found the original settlement. He died in El Cerrito in 1900. Don Victor Castro.jpg
Don Víctor Castro, a Californio ranchero and politician who owned the area as part of his Rancho El Sobrante, helped found the original settlement. He died in El Cerrito in 1900.

El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. They settled in what was then Don Víctor Castro's Rancho San Pablo, and adjacent to the ranch owned by the family of Luís María Peralta, the Rancho San Antonio. [8] A post office opened at the settlement in 1909 and the refugee camp became known as Rust, after Wilhelm F. Rust, its first postmaster. [9] [10] The village's residents did not care for the name and changed it to El Cerrito (meaning "little hill" or "knoll") in 1916, in reference to the many individual hills in the village. [9] A year later, El Cerrito was incorporated as a village with 1,500 residents. [8]

El Cerrito was incorporated in August 1917. The communities of Stege Junction, Rust, Schmidtville, and Schindler, were all included in the new city. [11] [12] [13] [14] The 1920 census shows that the Schmidtville community had many Italian immigrants. [15] A post office operated at Schmidtville from 1900 to 1901. [9]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), all of it land. The city ranges in elevation from 20 to 634 feet, with an average elevation of 69 feet (21 m). [10]

El Cerrito is located on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay in the extreme south-west corner of Contra Costa County. The hilly areas of El Cerrito provide views of its neighboring city, and of the Golden Gate Bridge. El Cerrito is located along Interstate 80, and nearby Interstate 580. El Cerrito is bordered by Albany and Kensington to the south, the Richmond annex to the west, East Richmond Heights to the north, and Wildcat Canyon Regional Park to the east. Local landmark Albany Hill is in Albany, just across the border with El Cerrito. (El Cerrito—Spanish, "the little hill"—takes its name from Albany Hill.)[ citation needed ] The Hayward Fault runs through El Cerrito. In addition, El Cerrito is within 490 feet (150 meters) of Berkeley to the southeast, and approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the University of California Berkeley campus.

Transportation

Interstate 80 runs north-south through El Cerrito, with San Pablo Avenue serving as the primary surface artery. Bay Area Rapid Transit serves two stations in the city – El Cerrito del Norte and El Cerrito Plaza – while AC Transit operates local bus service. El Cerrito del Norte station is a major hub for AC Transit, as well as North Bay regional bus operators including FAST, Golden Gate Transit, Vallejo Transit, Napa VINE, and WestCat.

Places

San Pablo Avenue stretches the length of El Cerrito and is the primary commercial and retail corridor of the city, though there is a segment in which the businesses on the west side of the avenue are actually in Richmond Annex but have an El Cerrito postal address.

El Cerrito is home to El Cerrito Plaza, a large automobile-oriented (though it is also served by public transit at the adjacent BART station) shopping center originally built as a regional mall in the 1950s, and the Cerrito Theater, a restored two-screen movie theater known for offering beer, wine, and a full dining menu. The shopping center is surrounded by other commercial and retail businesses along San Pablo Avenue and Fairmount Avenue.

El Cerrito city parks include both recreation/sports parks as well as undeveloped nature areas. Most notable are the 80-acre (320,000 m2) Hillside Natural Area open space, Huber Park (Terrace Drive), Cerrito Vista Park (Moeser Lane and Pomona Avenue), and Arlington Park (Arlington Boulevard), Tassajara Park (Tassajara Avenue and Barrett Avenue), Poinsett Park (Poinsett Avenue), and the Canyon Trail Park and Art Center (Gatto Avenue). The city is home to a 2.6-mile (4.2 km) segment of the Ohlone Greenway (named after the Native American Ohlone people), a trail that runs the length of the City along a former railroad grade underneath the BART right-of-way that is popular with walkers, runners, and bicyclists, as well as the blind, deaf, and mute population.

The city is nominally home to Arhoolie Records (actually located in Richmond Annex), part of the Smithsonian Institution. Also located in the city was Playland-Not-At-The-Beach, a now-closed popular amusement park museum.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 1,505
1930 3,870157.1%
1940 6,13758.6%
1950 18,011193.5%
1960 25,43741.2%
1970 25,190−1.0%
1980 22,731−9.8%
1990 22,8690.6%
2000 23,1711.3%
2010 23,5491.6%
2019 (est.)25,508 [7] 8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

2010

At the 2010 census El Cerrito had a population of 23,549. The population density was 6,385.3 people per square mile (2465.6/km2). The 2010 racial makeup of El Cerrito was: [17]

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,621 persons (11.1%).

The census reported that 23,456 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 48 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 45 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 10,142 households, 2,394 (23.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,703 (46.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,047 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, and 416 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 509 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 189 (1.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,953 (29.1%) were one person and 1188 (11.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.31. There were 6,166 families (60.8% of households); the average family size was 2.84.

The age distribution was 4,087 people (17.4%) under the age of 18, 1,281 people (5.4%) aged 18 to 24, 6,918 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 7,036 people (29.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,227 people (17.9%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

There were 10,716 housing units at an average density of 2905.6 per square mile (1122.0/km2),of which 10,142 were occupied, 6,145 (60.6%) by the owners and 3,997 (39.4%) by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. 14,474 people (61.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,982 people (38.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 23,171 people in 10,208 households, including 5,971 families, in the city. The population density was 6,356.5 people per square mile (2,451.1/km2). There were 10,462 housing units at an average density of 2,870.1 per square mile (1,106.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.79% White, 8.54% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 24.38% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 3.06% from other races, and 5.48% from two or more races. 7.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 10,208 households 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 30.4% of households were one person and 12.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.81.

The age distribution was 15.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,253, and the median family income was $69,397 (these figures had risen to $77,650 and $97,488 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [19] ). Males had a median income of $50,316 versus $40,866 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,593. About 3.5% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

At home the percentages of the languages residents speak are English 70.47%, Spanish 6.26%, Chinese 5.96%, Japanese 2.70%, Mandarin 1.80%, Cantonese 1.57%, Persian 1.43%, Tagalog 1.30%, Korean 1.08%, French 0.90%, German 0.83%, Formosan 0.73%, Italian 0.66%, Vietnamese 0.57%, Urdu 0.50%, and 3.23% of people spoke some other language which represented less than 0.50% of the population. [20]

Fiscal Crisis

In October, 2019, the California State Auditor's High Risk Cities report (which analyzed 2016-17 data) named El Cerrito as the 7th most fiscally at-risk city in California, largely due to having negative general fund reserves, cash flow and liquidity challenges, escalating pension costs, and a variety of other issues. [21] In a letter to the community, the City Manager criticized the State Auditor's analysis for lacking important context and providing inadequate analysis, acknowledged that City budgets are tight, and defended the city's fiscal management practices. After an on-site assessment, the State Auditor received authorization from the California Legislature to conduct a full audit [22] of the City of El Cerrito in order to determine the causes of its fiscal distress, [23] which is expected to be released in March, 2020. Subsequently, in its next two annual High Risk Cities reports, the Auditor listed El Cerrito as 8th most at-risk (2017-18 data) and 6th most at-risk (2018-19 data). [24]

Following the lead of the State Auditor, others have criticized El Cerrito for its excessive reliance on short-term borrowing to paper over growing budget deficits [25] and for having failed to note the significance of, and act upon, multiple going concern warnings from its own financial auditor. [26] The local East Bay Times newspaper dubbed El Cerrito "the worst managed city in the Bay Area." [27]

Politics

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, El Cerrito has 16,304 registered voters. Of those, 10,560 (64.8%) are registered Democrats, 1,020 (6.3%) are registered Republicans, and 4,156 (25.5%) have declined to state a political party. [28]

In 2015 Crowdpac analysis of political donations, El Cerrito was named the tenth most liberal city in the United States. [29]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

El Cerrito is in the West Contra Costa Unified School District, a multi-city district that operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school in the city:

El Cerrito is home to a private preschool as well as private elementary and middle schools:

Additionally, El Cerrito has one charter middle school and high school:

Public libraries

There is a branch of the Contra Costa County Library system in El Cerrito. [30]

Notable people

Notes

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  2. "City Council". El Cerrito, CA. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  3. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  4. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  5. "California's 11th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  6. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  8. 1 2 Contra Costa/Alameda County Line Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , Mervin Belfils/El Cerrito Historical Society, October 1975/June 2006, retrieved 2007-08-01
  9. 1 2 3 Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 628. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
  10. 1 2 "El Cerrito". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  11. Town Memo (February 2, 2016)
  12. (7 December 1910). Campaign for Incorporation, Newcastle News
  13. Radin, Rick and William Love (3 February 2016). El Cerrito begins planning for its centennial, . East Bay Times
  14. (14 December 1904). Tramp Frightens School Girl, Evening Statesman
  15. Historic Resource Evaluation: 1715 Elm Street, El Cerrito, California, Ver Planck Historic Preservation Consulting (December 2013)
  16. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Cerrito city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  18. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2014-01-09.
  20. El Cerrito entry, MLA Data Center, retrieved October 21, 2007
  21. Wildermuth, John (2019-10-25). "These Bay Area cities are in financial trouble, state says". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  22. https://legaudit.assembly.ca.gov/sites/legaudit.assembly.ca.gov/files/2020-803%20Local%20High%20Risk%20%E2%80%93%20City%20of%20El%20Cerrito%20%28State%20Auditor%29.pdf
  23. "California State Auditor - 2020-803 Audit Scope and Objectives". www.auditor.ca.gov. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  24. "State Auditor's Local Government High-Risk Dashboard". www.auditor.ca.gov. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  25. "Crisis shows why El Cerrito needs to heed State Auditor's warning". California Policy Center. 2020-03-31. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  26. "10 Things you should know about El Cerrito's financial crisis". El Cerrito Committee for Responsible Government. 2020-12-06. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  27. "Editorial: Bay Area's worst-managed city teeters on bankruptcy". East Bay Times. 2020-10-26. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  28. "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  29. SFGATE, Amy Graff (2015-12-15). "These three Bay Area enclaves made the list of 10 most liberal cities in America". SFGATE. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  30. "El Cerrito Library Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine ." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  31. "Alice Schwartz". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  32. "GAIL TSUKIYAMA" . Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  33. Lauren Myracle (1 February 2007). TTFN (Ta-Ta for Now). Harry N. Abrams. ISBN   978-0-8109-9279-5.

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