Crockett, California

Last updated
Crockett
Crockett Hillside - panoramio.jpg
Looking south towards Crockett from the Carquinez Strait, July 14, 2010. Courtesy Federico Pizano.
Contra Costa County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Crockett Highlighted.svg
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
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Crockett
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°03′09″N122°12′47″W / 38.05250°N 122.21306°W / 38.05250; -122.21306 Coordinates: 38°03′09″N122°12′47″W / 38.05250°N 122.21306°W / 38.05250; -122.21306
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Contra Costa
Government
   State Senate Bill Dodd (D) [1]
   State Assembly Tim Grayson (D) [2]
   U. S. Congress Mike Thompson (D) [3]
Area
[4]
  Total1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
  Land1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
[5]
128 ft (39 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total3,242
  Density3,052.73/sq mi (1,178.38/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
94525
Area code(s) 510, 341
FIPS code 06-17274
GNIS feature IDs 277495, 2407683

Crockett (formerly Crockettville) [6] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Contra Costa County, in the East Bay sub-region of the San Francisco Bay Area, California. The population was 3,094 at the 2010 census. It is located 28 miles northeast of San Francisco. Other nearby communities include Port Costa, Martinez, Vallejo, Benicia, Rodeo, Hercules, Pinole and Richmond.

Contents

History

Crockett in 1898. Note earlier spelling of Karquines. Karquines 1898.jpg
Crockett in 1898. Note earlier spelling of Karquines.

Crockett is located on the Mexican land grant Rancho El Pinole made to Ygnacio Martinez, and is named after Joseph B. Crockett, a judge on the California Supreme Court. [6] The town started when Thomas Edwards Sr. bought 1,800 acres (730 ha) of land from Judge Crockett in 1866. Edwards built his home in 1867 and when other settlers arrived, he started the first general store in Crockett. Edwards' home still stands and is known as "The Old Homestead", a California Historical Landmark. [7] Crocketville post office was established in 1883, and the name was changed to Crockett later that year. [6]

"Sugar Town"

In 1906, an agricultural cooperative of Hawaiian sugar cane growers bought an existing Wheat Factory that never opened, refitted the facility, built additional structures for their refining needs, eventually turning Crockett into a company town for the California and Hawaiian Sugar Company, (better known as C&H). [6] The cane was grown in Hawaii and delivered by ship to Crockett, where the C&H refinery turned it into a variety of finished products. [8]

C & H soon became a dominant force in Crockett, which has been called a "company town." [lower-alpha 1] By the 1920s, the company employed about 95 percent of the residents. Employment peaked at 2,500 just before WWII broke out. [8] C & H helped its employees obtain land and bank loans so that they could build houses. Company architects worked on designing the houses. The company funded many school and civic programs. [8]

In March and April 1938, Crockett experienced a labor strike at the C&H plant, climaxing in a riot. This was prior to the merger of the AFL and CIO national unions. [9]

Economic adaptation

By the 1960s, the good times were largely over for C & H and Crockett. Revenues and profits began dropping, so that the company pumped less money into the community. There were many layoffs as the company tried to restore profitability. In 1984, the company proposed building a natural gas-powered cogeneration plant that would provide steam for the sugar refinery and low-cost electricity for Crockett. A protest group calling itself the Crockett Power Plant Committee, supported by many Crockett residents formed and spent the next nine years opposing the proposal. [8] The proposed power plant was eventually built, but only after the company agreed to make major changes. C & H agreed to give Crockett $300,000 per year for the ensuing 30 years, which mostly funds its police and volunteer fire fighting departments. [8]

The Hawaiian sugar farmers sold their holdings in 1993 to Hawaii-based Alexander & Baldwin, which converted C & H from a co-op into a corporation. In 1998, A & B sold a controlling interest to Citicorp Venture Capital (CVC). American Sugar Refining bought C & H in 2006, merging it with its other sugar operations. Revenues and profits continued their decline into the 21st Century, until the Crockett plant processed its last shipment of Hawaiian sugar in 2017. [10] [lower-alpha 2]

Raw sugar now arrives from the globe's sun belt: Australia, the Philippines and Nicaragua, among other countries. [11]

"Wildfire" (2019)

A wildfire burned near Crockett on October 29, 2019, the same week as multiple wildfires in the region, e.g. Sonoma County "Kirkwood Fire", and a wildfire at the north end of the Carquinez bridge in Vallejo, California. There is some suspicion that strong northerly wind then caused embers from the Vallejo fire to jump the strait and ignite brush fires southwest of Crockett, located in Contra Costa County at the opposite end of the Carquinez bridge. The new fire, which was dubbed the "Sky fire," ignited about 9:30 AM and quickly generated so much dense smoke that authorities chose to close the Carquinez bridge to all vehicular traffic in both directions. CHP and county sheriff's office then began to evacuate residents from that side of the community. Emergency responders from other cities rushed to the aid of Crockett's own VFD to begin extinguishing the fire, which was reportedly 50 percent contained shortly after noon that day. The Crockett evacuation order was cancelled and the Carquinez Bridge was reopened to traffic soon after. [12]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.

Crockett is located where the Carquinez Strait meets San Pablo Bay. The Carquinez Bridge, part of Interstate 80, links Crockett with the city of Vallejo to the north across the strait. To the east of Crockett along the south shore of the strait are Port Costa and the city of Martinez. South of Crockett are the town of Rodeo and the city of Hercules. Farther southwest on I-80 are the cities of Richmond, Berkeley and Oakland; in the opposite direction, northeast, is the capital of California, Sacramento.

Climate

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Crockett has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. [13]

Arts and culture

Bailey Art Museum

The Bailey Art Museum features the work of internationally acclaimed sculptor Clayton Bailey, a resident of nearby Port Costa. [14] The 3,200 square feet (300 m2) space brings together works from across the artist's five decades plus career featuring examples of Funk art, Nut art, ceramics, and metal sculpture (including robots and space guns), as well as pseudo-scientific curiosities by the artist's alter-ego, Dr. Gladstone. The collection also includes watercolor drawings by Betty Bailey and a gift shop. [15]

Crockett Historical Society

The former Crockett railroad station, now home of the Crockett Historical Society. C & H refinery in the background. September 12, 2012. Crockett Historical Museum.jpg
The former Crockett railroad station, now home of the Crockett Historical Society. C & H refinery in the background. September 12, 2012.

The former Crockett railroad station now serves as the home of the Crockett Historical Society.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
2020 3,242
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

The 2010 United States Census [17] reported that Crockett had a population of 3,094. The population density was 2,918.7 people per square mile (1,126.9/km2). The racial makeup of Crockett was 2,468 (79.8%) White, 146 (4.7%) African American, 31 (1.0%) Native American, 108 (3.5%) Asian, 24 (0.8%) Pacific Islander, 123 (4.0%) from other races, and 194 (6.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 490 persons (15.8%).

The Census reported that 100% of the population lived in households.

There were 1,446 households, out of which 306 (21.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 554 (38.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 166 (11.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 77 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 133 (9.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 22 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 482 households (33.3%) were made up of individuals, and 158 (10.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14. There were 797 families (55.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.69.

The population consisted of 461 people (14.9%) under the age of 18, 214 people (6.9%) aged 18 to 24, 825 people (26.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,131 people (36.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 463 people (15.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

There were 1,649 housing units at an average density of 1,555.5 per square mile (600.6/km2), of which 1,446 were occupied, of which 808 (55.9%) were owner-occupied, and 638 (44.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.1%. 1,808 people (58.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,286 people (41.6%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy

C&H Pure Cane Sugar refinery in Crockett C and H Sugar Refinery April 16 2006.jpg
C&H Pure Cane Sugar refinery in Crockett

Crockett is home to the corporate headquarters of C&H Sugar, a subsidiary of American Sugar Refining. [18] [19]

Crockett also contains a fuel storage facility owned by the NuStar Energy L.P. Corporation. This facility primarily consists of 24 storage tanks, designed to hold an aggregate of 3 million barrels (130 million US gallons). [20] Two of these tanks are reserved for containing ethanol, which NuStar blends with other motor fuel components to make low-emissions automobile fuel mandated by California laws.

Education

Main entrance of John Swett High School in 2004 John Swett 12.JPG
Main entrance of John Swett High School in 2004

Crockett is part of the John Swett Unified School District and is home to both Carquinez Middle School and John Swett High School.

The Crockett Library of the Contra Costa County Library is located in Crockett. [19] [21]

Recreation

Crockett is bordered to the south and the east by two regional parks operated by the East Bay Regional Park District.

Crockett Hills Regional Park lies south of Crockett. The 1,939 acre park ranges in elevation from 150 to 800 feet, offering views of San Pablo Bay, the Delta, Mount Tamalpais, and Mount Diablo. Trails include a 4.5-mile segment of the Bay Area Ridge Trail. Crockett Hills is an excellent mountain biking park. [22] [23]

Carquinez Strait Regional Shoreline comprises 1,415 acres of bluffs and shoreline along Carquinez Scenic Drive between the town of Crockett and the hillsides overlooking Martinez. [24]

The topography of Crockett Ranch Regional Park and the adjoining Carquinez Regional Shoreline consists of open, rolling grasslands, wooded ravines, eucalyptus-shaded meadows, and river shoreline. Multi-purpose trails provide access to canyon views and ridgetop vistas.

Notable people

Notes

  1. One source wrote that Crockett was sometimes called, "Sugar Town." [8]
  2. The last sugar mill on Maui closed in December, 2016. Its final product, 30,000 pounds (14 t) was delivered to Crockett aboard the ship Moku Pahu on January 17, 2017. [10]
  3. Aldo Ray's father worked at the C & H sugar refinery in Crockett.

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References

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  9. Mero, William. "Sugar Wars and the Bloody Streets of Crockett | CCCHS Essays". www.cocohistory.com. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
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  12. "Evacuation Orders Lifted in Crockett, I-80 Closed 5 Hours When Fires Burn Above Carquinez Strait." KPIX5 CBSTV. October 27, 2019. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  13. "Crockett, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  14. Linhares, Diana L. Daniels; with essays by Philip E.; Frank, Patrick (2011). Clayton Bailey's world of wonders. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum. pp. 1, 7–8. ISBN   978-1-8840-3822-8.
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  16. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
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  18. "Contact Us Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine ." C&H Sugar. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  19. 1 2 "Crockett CDP, California Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine ." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  20. "Authorities seek cause for California fuel fire." Tampa Bay Times. October 16, 2019. Accessed October 29, 2019.
  21. "Crockett Library." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
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