Healdsburg, California

Last updated

City of Healdsburg
Healdsburg Carnegie Library, 221 Matheson St., Healdsburg, CA 7-3-2010 4-29-17 PM.JPG
The Healdsburg Carnegie library, which now houses the Healdsburg Museum
Sonoma County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Healdsburg Highlighted 0633056.svg
Location of Healdsburg in Sonoma County, California
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City of Healdsburg
Location in California
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City of Healdsburg
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°37′3″N122°51′59″W / 38.61750°N 122.86639°W / 38.61750; -122.86639 Coordinates: 38°37′3″N122°51′59″W / 38.61750°N 122.86639°W / 38.61750; -122.86639
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Sonoma
Founded1857 [1]
Incorporated February 20, 1867 [2]
Founded byHarmon Heald
Government
  Type Council–manager
   Mayor Evelyn Mitchell [3]
   Vice mayor Osvaldo Jimenez [3]
Area
[4]
  Total4.42 sq mi (11.45 km2)
  Land4.42 sq mi (11.45 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.15%
Elevation
[5]
105 ft (32 m)
Population
 (2010) [6]
  Total11,254
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
11,845
  Density2,679.86/sq mi (1,034.79/km2)
Demonym(s) Healdsburgians
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95448
Area code 707
FIPS code 06-33056
GNIS feature IDs 277530, 2410726
Website cityofhealdsburg.net

Healdsburg is a city located in Sonoma County, in California's Wine Country. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 11,254. Due to its three most important wine-producing regions (the Russian River, Dry Creek, and Alexander Valley AVAs), Healdsburg has been continuously awarded one of the top 10 small towns in America and is home to three of the top wineries in the United States. [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

Contents

Healdsburg is centered on a 19th-century plaza that provides an important focal point for tourists and locals. [13]

History

Healdsburg, 1872 Healdsburg, California (1872).jpg
Healdsburg, 1872

Early inhabitants of the local area included the Pomo people, who constructed villages in open areas along the Russian River. [14] Anglo-American and Russian settlement may have commenced in the mid-19th century, with a settlement nearby, established downstream along the Russian River near Graton, in 1836, and later the Rancho Sotoyome land grant, in 1844. [15]

In 1857, Harmon Heald, an Ohio businessman who had been squatting on Rancho Sotoyome since 1850, purchased part of the rancho—giving the city its official founding date. [1] In 1867, Heald's eponymous small town was incorporated. [14] Healdsburg is located within the former township of Mendocino. The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached Healdsburg in 1872. [16]

The Healdsburg Carnegie Library, now the Healdsburg Museum, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Healdsburg Memorial Bridge. [17]

The City Council of Healdsburg has identified 13 important Historic Structures and Districts.


Panoramic map of Healdsburg from 1876 with images of several area sites inset Bird's eye view of Healdsburg, Cal. LOC 75693090.tif
Panoramic map of Healdsburg from 1876 with images of several area sites inset

Farming, especially orchards and truck farms, was common within the present city limits from at least the 1890s to 1940s. [18]

Geography

The city has a total area of 4.464 sq mi (11.6 km2), of which 4.457 sq mi (11.5 km2) is land and 0.007 sq mi (0.0 km2) is water. The total area is 0.15% water. [19] It lies on the Russian River, near a point used as a crossing of the river since the 1850s that is now the site of the Healdsburg Memorial Bridge. [20]

Foss Creek traverses the city from north to south, flowing into Dry Creek near the U.S. 101 Central Healdsburg interchange.

Climate

Healdsburg has cool, wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers. In January, the average high temperature is 57.6 °F (14.2 °C) and the average low is 38 °F (3 °C). In July, the average high temperature is 88.8 °F (31.6 °C) and the average low is 52.7 °F (11.5 °C). There are an average of 54.6 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 20.1 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) on July 13, 1972, and the record low temperature was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 22, 1990. [21]

Annual precipitation averages 42.2 in (1,070 mm). There are an average of 73 days annually with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 96.25 in (2,445 mm) and the driest year was 1976 with 13.67 in (347 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 29.9 in (760 mm) in January 1995. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 8.18 in (208 mm) on December 3, 1980. Snow is relatively rare, with none in most years. The highest yearly snowfall totaled 0.8 in (20 mm) in 1976. [22]

Climate data for Healdsburg, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)57
(14)
63
(17)
67
(19)
72
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
88
(31)
86
(30)
78
(26)
66
(19)
58
(14)
74
(23)
Average low °F (°C)38
(3)
40
(4)
42
(6)
44
(7)
48
(9)
51
(11)
52
(11)
52
(11)
50
(10)
47
(8)
42
(6)
38
(3)
45
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm)9.4
(240)
7.3
(190)
5.4
(140)
2.5
(64)
1.1
(28)
0.3
(7.6)
0
(0)
0.1
(2.5)
0.4
(10)
2.1
(53)
5.1
(130)
7.6
(190)
41.3
(1,050)
Source: Weatherbase [23]

Environment

An intrinsic element of the city's natural environment is the riparian zone associated with the Russian River that flows through Healdsburg. City residents support recycling by use of the Healdsburg Transfer Station. The city has shown an interest in creating a quiet environment by creating a Noise Element of the General Plan, which defines baseline sound level contours and sets forth standards of quiet for each land use category.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 334
1870 959187.1%
1880 1,13318.1%
1890 1,48531.1%
1900 1,86925.9%
1910 2,0117.6%
1920 2,41219.9%
1930 2,296−4.8%
1940 2,5079.2%
1950 3,25830.0%
1960 4,81647.8%
1970 5,43812.9%
1980 7,21732.7%
1990 9,46931.2%
2000 10,72213.2%
2010 11,2545.0%
2019 (est.)11,845 [7] 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [24]

2010

At the 2010 census Healdsburg had a population of 11,254. The population density was 2,521.3 people per square mile (973.5/km2). The racial makeup of Healdsburg was 8,334 (74.1%) White, 56 (0.5%) African American, 205 (1.8%) Native American, 125 (1.1%) Asian, 18 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,133 (19.0%) from other races, and 383 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,820 persons (33.9%). [25]

The census reported that 99.5% of the population lived in households and 0.5% were institutionalized.

There were 4,378 households, 1,335 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,140 (48.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 465 (10.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 222 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 259 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 54 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 1,205 (27.5%) were one person and 542 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.56. There were 2,827 families (64.6% of households); the average family size was 3.12.

The age distribution was 2,546 people (22.6%) under the age of 18, 925 people (8.2%) aged 18 to 24, 2,750 people (24.4%) aged 25 to 44, 3,349 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,684 people (15.0%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

There were 4,794 housing units at an average density of 1,074.0 per square mile (414.7/km2), of which 57.6% were owner-occupied and 42.4% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.2%. Of the population, 53.2% lived in owner-occupied housing units and 46.3% lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the 2000 census, there were 10,722 people in 3,968 households, including 2,702 families, in the city. The population density was 2,848/sq mi (1,101/km2). There were 4,138 housing units at an average density of 1,099/sq mi (425/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.9% White, 0.5% African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 13.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Of the population, 28.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,968 households, 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 25.9% of households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.23.

The age distribution was 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median household income was $48,995 and the median family income was $55,386. Males had a median income of $38,977 versus $32,015 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,245. 9.4% of the population and 6.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

State and federal

In the California State Legislature, Healdsburg is in the 2nd Senate District , represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 2nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat Jim Wood. [26]

In the United States House of Representatives, Healdsburg is in California's 2nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [27]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Healdsburg has 6,913 registered voters. Of those, 3,624 (52.4%) are registered Democrats, 1,262 (18.3%) are registered Republicans, and 1,680 (24.3%) have declined to state a political party. [28]

Transportation

Amtrak Thruway and Sonoma County Transit buses serve the Depot. Healdsburg is a proposed future stop on the Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit commuter rail line.

Notable people

See also

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References

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  4. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
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