Pittsburg, California

Last updated
City of Pittsburg
(formerly) Black Diamond, New York Landing and
New York of the Pacific [1]
Pittsburg Boardwalk.jpg
Nickname(s): 
"P-World" "The Burg"
Motto(s): 
Gateway to the Delta!
Contra Costa County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Pittsburg Highlighted.svg
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
City of Pittsburg
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°01′41″N121°53′05″W / 38.02806°N 121.88472°W / 38.02806; -121.88472 Coordinates: 38°01′41″N121°53′05″W / 38.02806°N 121.88472°W / 38.02806; -121.88472
Country United States
State California
County Contra Costa
Incorporated June 25, 1903 [2]
Government
  TypeGeneral Law City
  MayorMerl Craft [3]
   State Senator Steve Glazer (D) [4]
   State Assembly Jim Frazier (D) and
Tim Grayson (D) [5]
   U. S. Congress Mark DeSaulnier (D) [6]
Area
[7]
  Total19.71 sq mi (51.05 km2)
  Land17.64 sq mi (45.69 km2)
  Water2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)  10.11%
Elevation
[8]
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total63,264
  Estimate 
(2019) [9]
72,588
  Density4,114.73/sq mi (1,588.73/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
94565
Area code(s) 925
FIPS code 06-57456
GNIS feature IDs 1659783, 2411430
Website pittsburgca.gov

Pittsburg is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. It is an industrial suburb located on the southern shore of the Suisun Bay in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, and is part of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta area. The population was 63,264 at the 2010 United States Census.

Contents

History

In 1849, Colonel Jonathan D. Stevenson (from New York) bought the Rancho Los Medanos land grant, and laid out a town he called New York of the Pacific. [10] By 1850, this venture failed. [10] With the discovery of coal in the nearby town of Nortonville, the place became a port for coaling, and adopted the name Black Diamond, after the mining firm [10] that built the Black Diamond Coal Mining Railroad from there to Nortonville. [11] Because of the industrial potential of the site, a name change to Pittsburg was proposed in 1909. [10]

Pittsburg, originally settled in 1839, was called first "New York Landing", then "Black Diamond", before citizens voted on "Pittsburg" on February 11, 1911. The name was selected to honor Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as the two cities' shared a common steel and mining industrial heritage. [12] This rechristening came at a time when the name of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was more commonly spelled without the "h". [13]

Columbia Steel plant on Loveridge Road in Pittsburg, was established in 1910 Pacific service magazine (1924) (14778670061).jpg
Columbia Steel plant on Loveridge Road in Pittsburg, was established in 1910

In 1910, Columbia Steel opened its California steel plant in Pittsburg with one foundry and a crew of 60 employees. It made steel castings for the dredging, lumber and shipping industries. In 1930, Columbia became a subsidiary of U.S. Steel Company. The plant continued to grow until the early 1950s, reaching a peak staff of 5,200 employees when the markets for its products crashed. The parent company (by 1986, renamed as USS Company) had merged with Korean Pohang Iron and Steel Company. Together they invested $450 million turning the Pittsburg plant into a modern flat-products mill, renamed as USS-Posco. As of 1999, the facility employed 970 workers and shipped over 1.6 million U.S. tons per year of steel to over 175 customers in the Western U. S., Mexico, Canada and the Pacific Rim. [14]

The original town site fronts on the Sacramento/San Joaquin River Delta, reflecting its origins as a deep water channel river port. (As of January 1, 2007, state legislation [Assembly Bill 2324] enabled the city to manage its own riverfront for commercial development and subsequent port operations). Since the early 1900s, the city has grown inland to the south, then spread east and west along State Route 4, now a freeway carrying resident commuters to jobs in the San Francisco Bay-Oakland Region. In the process, the former town of Cornwall, California was absorbed. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,769. [15]

Camp Stoneman, located in the area, was a major staging area for the United States Army during World War II and the Korean War.

The post office first opened in 1868 as Black Diamond, and changed its name with the town's in 1911. [10]

Economy

The city has an extensive history of coal mining and industrial development since the late 1800s, with USS-POSCO Industries (a joint venture between US Steel and POSCO of South Korea) and Corteva (formerly, the Dow Chemical Company) maintaining substantial plants in Pittsburg. [14]

Top employers

According to the City's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [16] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Pittsburg Unified School District1,221
2 Los Medanos College 584
3 USS-POSCO Industries570
4 Dow Chemical Company 350
5Ramar Foods370
6City of Pittsburg340
7 Wal-Mart 222
8 Home-Depot 188
9 WinCo Foods 168
10 Cardenas (supermarket) 143

Bombardier Rail Car Facility

On June 15, 2019, the East Bay Times reported that the Canadian company, Bombardier, Inc. is moving into a former warehouse in Pittsburg, where it will produce train cars destined for its Pacific Coast customers. Bombardier will lease 122,750 square feet (11,404 m2) of the building, while Hitachi Corp., the owner, will retain about 67,000 square feet (6,200 m2). Early in 2019, the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) System announced that it will replace its existing fleet of 669 cars with 775 cars of a new design, and has recently been negotiating to buy an additional 425 cars. [17]

Bombardier plans to inaugurate the Pittsburg facility in September, 2019, with an initial workforce of 50, working on cars for the new BART contract, and growing to about 150 within five years. [17]

Bombardier is one of the most active suppliers of train cars, and officials believe that the Pittsburg will substantially improve its competitive position. In the U.S., much of the funding for this equipment is supplied by the Federal Government, which requires that a large part of the work be performed in the U.S. Bombardier's only U.S. production facility is in Plattsburgh, N. Y. [17]

The company also has a number of other important West Coast contracts, including:

Geography

The city of Pittsburg is located 37 miles northeast from San Francisco, 29 miles northeast from Oakland, California, 60 miles north of San Jose and 65 miles south of Sacramento, California. Pittsburg shares a border with the unincorporated community of Bay Point, California to the west, the city of Concord, California to the southwest and Antioch, California to the east. The Suisun Bay is directly north of the city and connects the San Francisco Bay to the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. [18] [19]

Climate

Pittsburg experiences a hot summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) bordering on the Semi-arid climate because of the Mt. Diablo rain shadow in East Contra Costa County. [20]

Climate data for Pittsburg, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)57.6
(14.2)
60.1
(15.6)
71.1
(21.7)
79.0
(26.1)
86.0
(30.0)
91.0
(32.8)
90.0
(32.2)
86.0
(30.0)
78.1
(25.6)
64.9
(18.3)
64.0
(17.8)
54.0
(12.2)
73.0
(22.8)
Average low °F (°C)37.9
(3.3)
41.0
(5.0)
46.9
(8.3)
52.0
(11.1)
57.0
(13.9)
57.9
(14.4)
57.9
(14.4)
55.9
(13.3)
51.1
(10.6)
44.1
(6.7)
44.1
(6.7)
36.0
(2.2)
48.6
(9.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.72
(69)
2.51
(64)
2.16
(55)
0.73
(19)
0.47
(12)
0.09
(2.3)
0.03
(0.76)
0.03
(0.76)
0.24
(6.1)
0.76
(19)
1.77
(45)
1.89
(48)
13.33
(339)
Source: [21]

Transportation

Pittsburg/Bay Point BART Station PBBP Station Front.jpg
Pittsburg/Bay Point BART Station

The city has two BART stations, the Pittsburg/Bay Point Station located on Bailey Road and Highway 4 near Bay Point and the Pittsburg Center Station located on Railroad Avenue and Highway 4. [22] Tri Delta Transit provides bus service in the area. California State Route 4 bisects the city from west to east.

Education

Pittsburg is home to Los Medanos College, [23] a two-year community college that is part of the Contra Costa Community College District. The college's name is derived from that of Rancho Los Medanos, one of the land grants made by the Mexican Government during its sovereignty over California from 1821 to 1846; Los Medanos, loosely translated from Spanish, means The Sand Dunes. Construction on Los Medanos College was completed in 1974. [24] [25]

Pittsburg is served by three School Districts: Pittsburg Unified School District, Mt. Diablo Unified School District, and Antioch Unified School District.

Pittsburg has two public high schools, one a continuation school: [26]

The public Junior high schools in Pittsburg are:

Central Jr. High School was another middle school in the Pittsburg area. But it closed down in 2008 due to a gas leak in the building. Currently, it remains vacant with no intention of reopening it.

The public elementary schools in Pittsburg are:

Private schools in Pittsburg include:

Public libraries

Pittsburg hosts one of the many Contra Costa County Libraries. [27]

Redevelopment projects

Sports and recreation

The Pittsburg Delta View Golf Course had a back nine originally built in 1947, and a front nine completed in 1991. [30] It closed in March 2018 due to financial difficulty and legal costs stemming from a slip and fall lawsuit. The city had considered keeping the course open, but after debate in May 2018, it was decided to use the land for other economic opportunities. [31]

The Pittsburg Diamonds, an independent professional baseball team, began play as a member of the Pacific Association of Professional Baseball Clubs in 2014. The team played its home games in City Park Field #1 until going on hiatus for 2019 and 2020. It remains to be seen if the team will resume play in 2021. [32]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 300
1900 603101.0%
1910 2,372293.4%
1920 4,71598.8%
1930 9,610103.8%
1940 9,520−0.9%
1950 12,76334.1%
1960 19,06249.4%
1970 21,42312.4%
1980 33,03454.2%
1990 47,56444.0%
2000 56,76919.4%
2010 63,26411.4%
2019 (est.)72,588 [9] 14.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [33]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [34] reported that Pittsburg had a population of 63,264. The population density was 3,302.8 people per square mile (1,275.2/km2). The racial makeup of Pittsburg was 23,106 (36.5%) White, 11,187 (17.7%) African American, 517 (0.8%) Native American, 9,891 (15.6%) Asian (9.9% Filipino, 2.0% Indian, 1.2% Chinese, 1.1% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Japanese, 1.1% Other), 645 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 13,270 (21.0%) from other races, and 4,648 (7.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26,841 persons (42.4%).

The Census reported that 62,973 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 153 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 138 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 19,527 households, out of which 8,837 (45.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,833 (50.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,583 (18.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,420 (7.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,432 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 194 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,446 households (17.6%) were made up of individuals, and 1,067 (5.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22. There were 14,836 families (76.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.64.

The population was spread out, with 17,385 people (27.5%) under the age of 18, 6,823 people (10.8%) aged 18 to 24, 18,319 people (29.0%) aged 25 to 44, 15,298 people (24.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,439 people (8.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

There were 21,126 housing units at an average density of 1,102.9 per square mile (425.8/km2), of which 19,527 were occupied, of which 11,490 (58.8%) were owner-occupied, and 8,037 (41.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 37,078 people (58.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 25,895 people (40.9%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile [35] 2010
Total Population63,264 – 100.0%
One Race58,616 – 92.7%
Not Hispanic or Latino36,423 – 57.6%
White alone12,684 – 20.0%
Black or African American alone10,756 – 17.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone202 – 0.3%
Asian alone9,654 – 15.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone614 – 1.0%
Some other race alone177 – 0.3%
Two or more races alone2,336 – 3.7%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)26,841 – 42.4%

2000

As of the census [36] of 2000, there were 56,769 people, 17,741 households, and 13,483 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,639.0/mi2 (1,405.0/km2). There were 18,300 housing units at an average density of 1,173.1/mi2 (452.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 36.53% White, 25.89% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 12.65% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 16.11% from other races, and 7.22% from two or more races. 32.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,741 households, out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.59.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,557, and the median income for a family was $54,472. Males had a median income of $39,111 versus $31,396 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,241. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Pittsburg has 33,751 registered voters. Of those, 18,644 (55.2%) are registered Democrats, 3,817 (11.3%) are registered Republicans, and 9,888 (29.3%) have declined to state a political party. [37]

Notable people

Sister cities

Pittsburg is twinned with: [39]

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