Castro Valley, California

Last updated

Castro Valley, California
CDP
Castro Valley about 1970.jpg
Castro Valley, ca. 1970
Alameda County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Castro Valley Highlighted.svg
Location of Castro Valley within Alameda County, California.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Castro Valley, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°41′39″N122°05′11″W / 37.69417°N 122.08639°W / 37.69417; -122.08639 Coordinates: 37°41′39″N122°05′11″W / 37.69417°N 122.08639°W / 37.69417; -122.08639 [1]
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Alameda
Government
   State Senate Bob Wieckowski (D) [2]
   State Assembly Bill Quirk (D) [3]
   U. S. Congress Eric Swalwell (D) [4]
Area
[5]
  Total17.07 sq mi (44.21 km2)
  Land16.85 sq mi (43.64 km2)
  Water0.22 sq mi (0.57 km2)  1.68%
Elevation
[6]
161 ft (49 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total66,441
  Density3,943.55/sq mi (1,522.58/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94546, 94552
Area code(s) 510, 341
FIPS code 06-11964
GNIS feature IDs 1658237, 2407987

Castro Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, it is the fifth most populous unincorporated area in California [7] and the twenty-third most populous in the United States.[ citation needed ] The population was 66,441 at the 2020 census. [8]

Contents

Castro Valley is named after Don Guillermo Castro, a noted 19th-century Californio ranchero who owned the land where the community is located.

History

Castro Valley is named after Don Guillermo Castro, a noted Californio ranchero who owned much of the area. Don Guillermo Castro (cropped).jpg
Castro Valley is named after Don Guillermo Castro, a noted Californio ranchero who owned much of the area.

Before the arrival of European settlers the area was settled by the Chocheño (also spelled Chochenyo or Chocenyo) subdivision of the Ohlone Native Americans.

With the arrival of Europeans, they established Mission San Jose in 1797. The area Castro Valley now occupies was part of the extensive colony of New Spain in what was the state of Alta California.

Castro Valley was part of the original 28,000 acre (110 km2) land grant given to Castro in 1840, called Rancho San Lorenzo. This land grant included Hayward, San Lorenzo, and Castro Valley, including Crow Canyon, Cull Canyon, and Palomares Canyons. Castro had a gambling habit and had to sell off portions of his land to pay gambling debts. The last of his holding was sold in a sheriff's sale in 1864 to Faxon Atherton for $400,000. [9]

Atherton (after whom the city of Atherton is named [9] ) in turn began selling off his portion in smaller parcels. Two men named Cull (the namesake of Cull Canyon) and Luce bought some 2,400 acres (10 km2) and began running a steam-operated saw mill in Redwood Canyon. The Jensen brothers also bought land from Atherton in 1867.

In 1866, Redwood school was built, the first public school in the area. Many Portuguese families immigrated to the surrounding canyons (especially Palomares Canyon) and farmed large amounts of land, where their descendants remain today. In the 1870s, Lake Chabot, a reservoir and popular park, was built by Chinese laborers living at Camp Yema-Po. During the 1940s and 1950s, Castro Valley was known for its chicken ranches. Later it developed into a bedroom community, where workers live and commute to their jobs in the surrounding communities. [10]

Geography

Lake Chabot lies in the northwest part of Castro Valley. Directly to the west is San Leandro. Hayward is to the south. Dublin, Pleasanton, and San Ramon are to the east.

The eastern hills of Castro Valley constitute the headwaters of the San Lorenzo Creek watershed and the origin of several creeks that flow into San Lorenzo Creek: Bolinas, Castro Valley, Chabot, Crow, Cull, Eden, Hollis, Kelly Canyon, Norris, and Palomares Creeks.

Interstate 580, with BART tracks in the center, near east Castro Valley. CastroValleyFreeway.jpg
Interstate 580, with BART tracks in the center, near east Castro Valley.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1940 4,145
1960 37,120
1970 44,76020.6%
1980 44,011−1.7%
1990 48,61910.5%
2000 57,29217.8%
2010 61,3887.1%
2020 66,4418.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

2010

At the 2010 census 61,388 people, 22,348 households, and 16,112 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 3,690.3 people per square mile (1,424.8/km2). There were 23,392 housing units at an average density of 1,382.6 per square mile (533.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 58.0% White (49.5% non-Hispanic), 6.9% African American (6.6% non-Hispanic), 0.5% Native American, 21.4% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 6.1% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. 17.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. [12]

The census reported that 98.0% of the population lived in households, 0.4% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1.5% were institutionalized.

Of the 22,348 households 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 54.3% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present. 5.0% of households were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 1.0% were same-sex married couples or partnerships. 21.7% of households were one person and 8.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

The age distribution was 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% aged 18 to 24, 24.5% aged 25 to 44, 31.1% aged 45 to 64, and 13.4% 65 or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

There were 23,392 housing units, of which 22,348 were occupied, of which 69.0% were owner-occupied and 31.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. 68.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29.2% lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 57,292 people, 21,606 households, and 15,016 families in the CDP. The population density was 3,971.6 people per square mile (1,533.0/km2). There were 22,003 housing units at an average density of 1,525.3 per square mile (588.7/km2). [13] Of the 21,606 households 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 23.2% of households were one person and 9.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median household income was $76,197 and the median family income was $91,713 as of a 2008 estimate. [14] About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Rowell Rodeo Park Rowellrodeoparksign.jpg
Rowell Rodeo Park

Economy

The economy of Castro Valley consists largely of the provision of goods and services for local residents. Being a primarily residential community, only about 5% of the area has been developed for commercial uses. [15]

The greatest number of people (6,683) are employed by the health care and social assistance industry, followed by the retail trade industry with 1,073 employees and accommodation and food service with 1,044 employees. [16] The health care and social assistance industry provided $1.1 billion in sales, shipments, receipts or revenue in 2012, which is the highest of all industries, and it is followed by the retail trade industry, which had a value of $324.1 million in sales, shipments, receipts or revenue. [16]

The median household income of residents was $83,211 in 2013, [17] compared to a median income of $72,112 for all of Alameda County. [18]

Art and culture

Castro Valley is one of the sites where Joseph Eichler built some of the 10,000 or so homes he built in the Bay Area. [19] Castro Valley has a one-screen movie theater, the Chabot Cinema. The Castro Village complex on Castro Valley Boulevard is widely considered the commercial center of town. [20] The Harry Rowell Rodeo Ranch is located in Castro Valley and is managed by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District. Rodeos are held there regularly. [21]

Historical landmarks and museums

Site of the first public school in Castro Valley
Location19200 Redwood Rd., Castro Valley, California
Coordinates 37°42′24″N122°04′26″W / 37.7067°N 122.073983°W / 37.7067; -122.073983
Reference no.776 [22]

First public school in Castro Valley

The first public school in Castro Valley is a designated California Historical Landmark. A plaque is placed at the original site. The one-room schoolhouse was donated for "educational purposes only," by Josiah Grover Brickell in 1866. Brickell provided the salary for the first teacher. During the day the teacher taught children and in the evening they taught farmhands. [22] The school burnt down in 1901. It was rebuilt and burned down again in 1920. A new school was built on another property. [23]

The Adobe Art Gallery is a program operated by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District promoting the visual arts and uses the Adobe building, built as a Works Progress Administration project in 1936. [24]

Law and government

Castro Valley is an unincorporated community and thus is governed directly by the County of Alameda. There is no city police force, with policing provided by the Alameda County Sheriff's Office and the California Highway Patrol. The town has fire protection provided by the Alameda County Fire Department. Castro Valley has its own sanitary district, [25] as well as its own school district. [26] Efforts to incorporate Castro Valley have been voted down by its residents at the polls in both 1956 and 2002. [10] [27] Castro Valley is also represented by a seven-member Municipal Advisory Council, which is an advisory body appointed to advise the Alameda County Board of Supervisors on local issues. [28]

Education

According to the 2015-2019 American Community Survey, educational attainment for Castro Valley residents at least 25 years old is 91.5% high school graduate and 44.9% bachelor's degree. [29]

Public schools

Castro Valley is primarily served by the Castro Valley Unified School District, though portions of it are served by the Hayward Unified School District (South of I-580 and West of Grove Way) and the San Lorenzo Unified School District (westernmost part). Overall, the Castro Valley Unified School District serves almost 9,000 students. [30]

The main high school is Castro Valley High School with over 3000 students. [31] Castro Valley also has Redwood High School, an alternative high school with approximately 193 students in 2005. [32]

The school district includes the Castro Valley Adult School.

Private schools

There is also a Roman Catholic school, called Our Lady of Grace (K-8), which is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland. Redwood Christian Schools has one elementary school (K-5) Redwood Christian Elementary. [33]

Transportation

Castro Valley traffic CastroValleyThruthesunroof.jpg
Castro Valley traffic

Interstate 580, which approaches from the east, makes a turn northward at Castro Valley. Interstate 238, which originates in Castro Valley, connects I-580 to Interstate 880. In addition to being served by those two freeways, Castro Valley is served with public transportation by bus system AC Transit, and rapid transit system BART with a station.

The primary local east-west arterial road is Castro Valley Boulevard, while Lake Chabot Road, Redwood Road and Crow Canyon Road are the major north-south arterials. [34]

Historically, Castro Valley Boulevard was part of the first transcontinental highway system, the Lincoln Highway. [35]

The three crosses of the Neighborhood Church form a prominent local landmark. Castrovalleyneighborhoodchurch.jpg
The three crosses of the Neighborhood Church form a prominent local landmark.
Palomares Hills (on the east side of Castro Valley) looking south toward Palomares Canyon. Castrovalleyeaster2004.jpg
Palomares Hills (on the east side of Castro Valley) looking south toward Palomares Canyon.
Eden Medical Center Edenmedicalcenternewconstruction.jpg
Eden Medical Center

Services

Eden Medical Center operates in Castro Valley. It is a Sutter Health facility, and provides basic emergency medical services for the area. [36] Castro Valley Sanitary District runs wastewater treatment facilities, and was selected as California's best small wastewater system in 2002 and 2018. [37]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Alameda County, California County in California, United States

Alameda County is located in the state of California in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,682,353, making it the 7th-most populous county in the state and 21st most populous nationally. The county seat is Oakland. Alameda County is in the San Francisco Bay Area, occupying much of the East Bay region.

Ashland, California unincorporated community in California, United States

Ashland is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Alameda County, California, United States. The population was 23,823 at the 2020 census. Ashland is located between the city of San Leandro to the north, the unincorporated community of Cherryland to the south, the unincorporated community of Castro Valley to the east, and the unincorporated community of San Lorenzo to the southwest.

Cherryland, California Unincorporated Community in California, United States

Cherryland is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. Cherryland is located between Ashland to the north and the city of Hayward to the south. The population was 15,808 at the 2020 census.

Fairview, California CDP in California, United States

Fairview is a census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. It borders on the city of Hayward and the census-designated place of Castro Valley. The population was 11,341 at the 2020 census.

Hayward, California City in California, United States

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San Leandro, California City in California, United States

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San Lorenzo, California Census-designated place in California, United States

San Lorenzo is a census-designated place (CDP) located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County, California, United States. The population was 29,581 at the 2020 census. It is an unincorporated community, located at the banks of San Lorenzo Creek. It was originally named Squattersville in 1851, but later renamed to San Lorenzo.

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Union City, California City in California in the United States

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Eden Township, Alameda County, California

Eden Township is a former township of Alameda County, California in the San Francisco Bay Area region, which includes the present-day cities of Hayward and San Leandro, as well as the unincorporated census-designated areas of Ashland, Castro Valley, Cherryland, Fairview, and San Lorenzo. It was created from a group of Mexican land grants that were added to Alameda County when the county was established in 1853. Today there are several public and private agencies serving the region.

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The Castro Valley Unified School District (CVUSD) is located in Castro Valley, California, United States. It is a public preschool through adult school district. Overall, the district contains almost 9,000 students. It was created in 1965.

Hayward Area Recreation and Park District

The Hayward Area Recreation and Park District (H.A.R.D.) is the park management agency for most of the parks in the city of Hayward, California. It was created in 1944 and is an independent special district under California law. H.A.R.D. is the largest recreation district in California. It also manages parks in the bordering unincorporated communities of Castro Valley, San Lorenzo, Fairview, Ashland and Cherryland. It manages the park grounds for numerous schools in the region. Events and classes are scheduled and listed in a quarterly brochure. The parks' 2021 budget is $24,306,495.

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