Oakland Raiders

Last updated
Oakland Raiders
Established 1960
Ended 2019
Played in Oakland, California
Headquartered in Alameda, California
Oakland Raiders wordmark Oakland Raiders wordmark.svg
Oakland Raiders wordmark
League/conference affiliations

American Football League (19601969)

  • Western Division (1961–1969)

National Football League (1970 2019)

Raiders uniform update 1-03-2017.png
Team colorsSilver, black
Fight song The Autumn Wind
Mascot Raider Rusher
Owner(s) Chet Soda (1960)
F. Wayne Valley (1961–1971)
Ed McGah (1966–1971) Co-Owner
Al Davis (1966–2011)
Mark Davis (2011–2019)
General managerChet Soda (1960)
Paul Hastings (1961)
Wes Fry (1962)
Al Davis (1963–2010)
Hue Jackson (2011)
Reggie McKenzie (2012–2018)
Mike Mayock (2019)
Head coach Eddie Erdelatz (1960–1961)
Marty Feldman (1961–1962)
Red Conkright (1962)
Al Davis (1963–1965)
John Rauch (1966–1968)
John Madden (1969–1978)
Tom Flores (1979–1987)
Mike Shanahan (1988–1989)
Art Shell (1989–1994)
Mike White (1995–1996)
Joe Bugel (1997)
Jon Gruden (1998–2001)
Bill Callahan (2002–2003)
Norv Turner (2004–2005)
Art Shell (2006)
Lane Kiffin (2007–2008)
Tom Cable (2008–2010)
Hue Jackson (2011)
Dennis Allen (2012–2014)
Tony Sparano (2014)
Jack Del Rio (2015–2017)
Jon Gruden (2018–2019)
Team history
Team nicknames
  • Silver and Black
  • Men in Black
  • Team of the Decades
  • The World's Team
  • Raider Nation
  • Malosos (Mexican fan base) [1]
League championships (2†)
Conference championships (3)
Division championships (12) † – Does not include the AFL or NFL championships won during the same seasons as the AFL–NFL Super Bowl championships prior to the 1970 AFL–NFL merger
Playoff appearances (15)
Home fields

The Oakland Raiders were a professional American football team that played in Oakland from its founding in 1960 to 1981 and again from 1995 to 2019 before relocating to the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Between 1982 and 1994, the team played in Los Angeles as the Los Angeles Raiders.


The team's first home game in Oakland was at Kezar Stadium against the Houston Oilers on September 11, 1960, with a 37-22 loss. They played their last game as an Oakland-based club on December 29, 2019, a game which they lost 16-15 to make them finish 3rd in the AFC West, eliminate them from playoff contention, and suffer a late-season collapse after starting with a 6-4 record.

Early years (1960–1962)

F. Wayne Valley, original Raiders owner, 1961. F. Wayne Valley 1961.jpg
F. Wayne Valley, original Raiders owner, 1961.

A few months after the inaugural American Football League draft in 1959, the owners of the yet-unnamed Minneapolis franchise accepted an offer to join the established National Football League as an expansion team (now called the Minnesota Vikings) in 1961, sending the AFL scrambling for a replacement. [2] [3] At the time, Oakland seemed an unlikely venue for a professional football team. The city had not asked for a team, there was no ownership group and there was no stadium in Oakland suitable for pro football (the closest stadiums were in Berkeley and San Francisco) and there was already a successful NFL franchise in the Bay Area in the San Francisco 49ers. However, the AFL owners selected Oakland after Los Angeles Chargers owner Barron Hilton threatened to forfeit his franchise unless a second team was placed on the West Coast. [4] Accordingly, the city of Oakland was awarded the eighth AFL franchise on January 30, 1960, and the team inherited the Minneapolis club's draft picks.

Upon receiving the franchise, a meeting of local civic leaders and businessmen was called, chaired by former United States Senator William Fife Knowland, editor of the Oakland Tribune ; Edgar Kaiser of Kaiser Steel; developer Robert T. Nahas; and Oakland City Councilman Robert Osborne. Also attending the meeting were Oakland Mayor Clifford E. Rishell; City Councilmen Frank J. Youell, Felix Chialvo, Glenn E. Hoover, Fred Maggiora, John C. Houlihan, Dan Marovich, and Howard E. Rilea; Alameda County Board of Supervisors President Kent D. Pursel; and County Supervisors Emanuel P. Razeto, Leland W. Sweeney, and Francis Dunn. The gathering found a number of businessmen willing to invest in the new team. A limited partnership was formed to own the team headed by managing general partner Y. Charles (Chet) Soda, a local real estate developer, and included general partners Ed McGah, Oakland City Councilman Robert Osborne, F. Wayne Valley, restaurateur Harvey Binns, 1928 Olympic gold medalist Donald Blessing, and contractor Charles Harney, the builder of San Francisco's Candlestick Park, built on a bleak parcel of land he owned; the road leading to the stadium is known as Harney Way.

A "name the team" contest was held by the Oakland Tribune, and the winner was announced April 4, 1960 as the Oakland Señors. [5] After a few days of being the butt of local jokes (and accusations that the contest was fixed, as Soda was fairly well known within the Oakland business community for calling his acquaintances "señor"), the fledgling team (and its owners) changed the team's name nine days later [6] to the Oakland Raiders, which had finished third in the naming contest. [7] The original team colors were black, gold and white. The now-familiar team emblem of a pirate (or "raider") wearing a football helmet was created, reportedly a rendition of actor Randolph Scott. [8]

Oakland Raiders games were broadcast locally on KNBC (680 AM; the station later became KNBR), with Bud (Wilson Keene) Foster handling play-by-play and Mel Venter providing color analysis. Foster, the "Voice of the California Golden Bears", had a long career in radio, 1945–1955 as the "Voice of the Oakland Oaks" of the defunct Pacific Coast League; Foster was the first 1946–49, 1951–53, "Voice of the San Francisco 49ers". [9] After the 1962 season, Foster would only call CAL (University of California at Berkeley) football until his retirement. Raider games, 1963–65 were heard on KDIA 1410 AM, with Bob Blum and Dan Galvin. In 1966. KGO Radio 810 signed a contract with the Oakland Raiders. Bill King was hired for the play-by-play and Scotty Stirling (an Oakland Tribune sportswriter) was color commentator.


When the University of California refused to let the Raiders play home games at Memorial Stadium in Berkeley, they chose Kezar Stadium in San Francisco as their home field. The team's first regular season home game was played on September 11, 1960, a 3722 loss to the Houston Oilers.

The Raiders were allowed to move to Candlestick Park for the final three home games of the 1960 season after gaining the approval of San Francisco's Recreation and Park Commission, marking the first time that professional football would be played at the new stadium. [10] The change of venue however failed to attract larger crowds for the Raiders during their time at Candlestick Park, with announced attendance of 12,061 (vs. the Chargers in a 4117 loss on December 4), 9,037 (vs. the New York Titans in a 3128 loss on December 11) and 7,000 (estimated, vs. the Broncos in a 4810 victory to close out the season on December 17) at Candlestick.

The Raiders finished their first campaign with a 68 record, and lost $500,000. Desperately in need of money to continue running the team, Valley received a $400,000 loan from Buffalo Bills founder Ralph C. Wilson Jr. [11]


After the conclusion of the first season Soda dropped out of the partnership, and on January 17, 1961, Valley, McGah and Osborne bought out the remaining four general partners. Soon after, Valley and McGah purchased Osborne's interest, with Valley named as the managing general partner. After splitting the previous home season between Kezar and Candlestick, the Raiders moved exclusively to Candlestick Park in 1961, where total attendance for the season was about 50,000, and finished 212. Valley threatened to move the Raiders out of the area unless a stadium was built in Oakland, but in 1962 the Raiders moved into 18,000-seat Frank Youell Field (later expanded to 22,000 seats), their first home in Oakland. [12] It was a temporary home for the team while the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum was under construction. Under Marty Feldman and Red Conkright—the team's second and third head coaches since entering the AFL—the Raiders finished 113 in 1962, losing their first 13 games (and making for a 19–game losing streak from 1961 and 1962) before winning the season finale, and attendance remained low.

Oakland, the AFL, and Al Davis (1963–1969)


After the 1962 season, Valley hired Al Davis, a former assistant coach of the San Diego Chargers, as head coach and general manager. At 33, he was the youngest person in over 30 years to hold the position of head coach, and the youngest person ever to hold the position of general manager, in professional football. [13] Davis immediately changed the team colors to silver and black, and began to implement what he termed the "vertical game", an aggressive offensive strategy based on the West Coast offense developed by Chargers head coach Sid Gillman. [14] Under Davis the Raiders improved to 104, and he was named the AFL's Coach of the Year in 1963. Though the team slipped to 572 in 1964, it rebounded to an 851 record in 1965. He also initiated the use of team slogans such as "Pride and Poise", "Commitment to Excellence", and "Just Win, Baby"—all of which are registered trademarks. [15] [16] [17]

The Raiders won the 1967-68 AFL Championship Game, but lost the next two against the Jets and the Chiefs (pictured) prior to the NFL merger. 1986 Jeno's Pizza - 49 - Robert Holmes.jpg
The Raiders won the 1967–68 AFL Championship Game, but lost the next two against the Jets and the Chiefs (pictured) prior to the NFL merger.

In April 1966, Davis left the Raiders after being named AFL Commissioner. Two months later, the league announced its merger with the NFL. With the merger, the position of commissioner was no longer needed, and Davis entered into discussions with Valley about returning to the Raiders. On July 25, 1966, Davis returned as part-owner of the team. He purchased a 10 percent interest in the team for US$18,000, and became the team's third general partner — the partner in charge of football operations. [18] [19]


On the field, the team Davis had assembled and coached steadily improved. With John Rauch (Davis's hand-picked successor) as head coach, the Raiders won the 1967 AFL Championship, defeating the Houston Oilers 40–7. The win earned the team a trip to Super Bowl II, where they were beaten 33–14 by Vince Lombardi's Green Bay Packers. The following two years, the Raiders again won Western Division titles, only to lose the AFL Championship to the eventual Super Bowl winners—the New York Jets (1968) and Kansas City Chiefs (1969).

John Madden becomes head coach

In 1969, John Madden became the team's sixth head coach, and under him the Raiders became one of the most successful franchises in the NFL, winning six division titles during the 1970s. It was during this period that the Raiders forged an image as a team of tough, take-no-prisoners players—such as future Hall of Fame offensive linemen Jim Otto, Gene Upshaw, and Art Shell; linebacker Ted (“the Stork”) Hendricks; defensive end Ben Davidson; and cornerback Willie Brown—who would occasionally cross the line into dirty play. Those teams also featured an additional foursome of future Hall of Fame players in tight end Dave Casper, kicker George Blanda, and wide receiver Fred Biletnikoff, as well as fiery quarterback Ken ("the Snake") Stabler. [20]

AFL–NFL merger and era of success (1970–1981)


The Raiders playing against the Broncos in the 1977-78 AFC Championship Game. 1986 Jeno's Pizza - 47 - Randy Gradishar.jpg
The Raiders playing against the Broncos in the 1977–78 AFC Championship Game.

In 1970, the AFL–NFL merger took place and the Raiders became part of the Western Division of the American Football Conference in the newly merged NFL. The first post-merger season saw the Raiders win the AFC West with an 8–4–2 record and go all the way to the conference championship, where they lost to the Colts. Despite another 8–4–2 season in 1971, the Raiders failed to win the division or achieve a playoff berth.


In 1972, with Wayne Valley out of the country for several weeks attending the Olympic Games in Munich, Davis's attorneys drafted a revised partnership agreement that gave him total control over all of the Raiders' operations. McGah, a supporter of Davis, signed the agreement. Under partnership law, by a 21 vote of the general partners, the new agreement was thus ratified. Valley was furious when he discovered this, and immediately filed suit to have the new agreement overturned, but the court sided with Davis and McGah. That year would see the team achieve a 10–3–1 record and another division title. In the divisional round of the playoffs, they were beaten by the Steelers 13–7 on a play that would later be known as the Immaculate Reception .

With a record of 9–4–1 in 1973, the Raiders reached the AFC Championship, but lost 27–10 to the Dolphins.

In 1974, Oakland had a 12–2 regular season, which included a nine-game winning streak. They beat the Dolphins in the divisional round of the playoffs in a see-saw battle before falling to the Steelers in the AFC Championship. The playoff game against the Dolphins is known in NFL lore as the Sea of Hands game in which running back Clarence Davis caught a late 4th-quarter touchdown amid three Miami defenders to win 28–26 and end the Dolphins' chances of a three-peat and a fourth consecutive Super Bowl appearance.

Oakland Raiders Super Bowl XI ring Draft Town, Chicago 5-2-2015 (17566103440).jpg
Oakland Raiders Super Bowl XI ring

In the 1975 season opener, the Raiders beat Miami and ended the Dolphins' 31-game home winning streak. With an 11–3 record, they defeated Cincinnati in the divisional playoff round, but again fell to the Steelers in the conference championship.

In 1976, Valley sold his interest in the team, and Davis — who now owned only 25 percent of the Raiders — was firmly in charge. [18] [21] The Raiders beat Pittsburgh in a revenge match on the season opener and continued to cement their reputation for hard, dirty play by knocking WR Lynn Swann out for two weeks in a helmet-to-helmet collision. Al Davis later tried to sue Steelers coach Chuck Noll for libel after the latter called safety George Atkinson a criminal for the hit. The Raiders won 13 regular season games and a close victory over New England (the only team to beat them in the regular season) in the first round of the playoffs. They then knocked out the injury-plagued Steelers in the AFC Championship to go to Super Bowl XI. Oakland's opponent was the Minnesota Vikings, a team that had lost three previous Super Bowls. The Raiders led 16–0 at halftime. By the end, forcing their opponent into multiple turnovers, they won 32–14 for their first post-merger championship.

The following season saw the Raiders finish 11–3, but lose the division title to 12–2 Denver. They settled for a wild card playoff berth, beating the Colts 37–31 in two overtime periods, but then falling to the Broncos 20–17 in the AFC Championship.

During a 1978 preseason game, Patriots WR Darryl Stingley was tragically injured by a hit from Raiders FS Jack Tatum and was left paralyzed for life. Although the Raiders achieved a winning record at 9–7, they failed to qualify for the playoffs.


The Raiders hosting the Dolphins at the Coliseum in 1979. Bob Baumhower 1979.jpg
The Raiders hosting the Dolphins at the Coliseum in 1979.

After ten consecutive winning seasons and one Super Bowl championship, John Madden left the Raiders (and coaching) in 1979 to pursue a career as a television football commentator. His replacement was former Raiders quarterback Tom Flores, the first Hispanic head coach in NFL history. [22] Flores led the Raiders to another 9–7 season, but not the playoffs.

The following off-season, the popular gun-slinging quarterback Ken Stabler was traded to the Houston Oilers, a move which was unpopular and criticized at the time. In the fifth week of the 1980 season, starting quarterback Dan Pastorini broke his leg and was replaced by former number-one draft pick Jim Plunkett. Plunkett led Oakland to an 11–5 record and a wild card berth. After playoff victories against the Houston Oilers, Cleveland Browns, and San Diego Chargers, the Raiders went to Super Bowl XV, and clinched their second NFL championship in five years with a 2710 win over the favored Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV. With the victory, the Raiders became the first ever wild card team to win a Super Bowl. [23] Two Super Bowl records of note occurred in this game: 1) Kenny King's 80-yard, first-quarter, catch-and-run reception from Jim Plunkett remained the longest touchdown Super Bowl pass play for the next 16 years; and 2) Rod Martin's three interceptions of Eagles' quarterback Ron Jaworski still stands today as a Super Bowl record. [24] Reflecting on the last ten years during the post-game awards ceremony, Al Davis stated "...this was our finest hour, this was the finest hour in the history of the Oakland Raiders. To Tom Flores, the coaches, and the athletes: you were magnificent out there, you really were." [25]

The team would not see a repeat performance in 1981, falling to 7–9 and a losing record for the first time since 1964.

Los Angeles era (1982–1994)

Prior to the 1980 season, Al Davis attempted unsuccessfully to have improvements made to the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, specifically the addition of luxury boxes. On March 1, he signed a memorandum of agreement to move the Raiders from Oakland to Los Angeles. The move, which required three-fourths approval by league owners, was defeated 220 (with five owners abstaining). When Davis tried to move the team anyway, he was blocked by an injunction. In response, the Raiders not only became an active partner in an antitrust lawsuit filed by the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (who had recently lost the Los Angeles Rams), but filed an antitrust lawsuit of their own. [26] After the first case was declared a mistrial, in May 1982 a second jury found in favor of Davis and the Los Angeles Coliseum, clearing the way for the move. [27] [28] [29] With the ruling, the Raiders finally relocated to Los Angeles for the 1982 season to play their home games at the Los Angeles Coliseum.

Back in Oakland (1995–2019)

On June 23, 1995, Davis signed a letter of intent to move the Raiders back to Oakland. The move was approved by the Alameda County Board of Supervisors the next month, [30] as well as by the NFL. The move was greeted with much fanfare, [31] and under new head coach Mike White the 1995 season started off well for the team. Oakland started 82, but injuries to starting quarterback Jeff Hostetler contributed to a six-game losing streak to end the season, and the Raiders failed to qualify for the playoffs for a second consecutive season. As part of the agreement to bring the Raiders back to Oakland the city agreed that they would increase the capacity of the Coliseum. [32] The result was a structure of 20,000 capacity seating that became known as Mount Davis after Davis. The structure was completed in time for the 1996 season.

Gruden era (1998–2001)

After two more unsuccessful seasons (7-9 in 1996 and 4–12 in 1997) under White and his successor, Joe Bugel, Davis selected a new head coach from outside the Raiders organization for only the second time when he hired Philadelphia Eagles offensive coordinator Jon Gruden, who previously worked for the 49ers and Packers under head coach Mike Holmgren. Under Gruden, the Raiders posted consecutive 8–8 seasons in 1998 and 1999, and climbed out of last place in the AFC West. Oakland finished 12–4 in the 2000 season, the team's most successful in a decade. Led by veteran quarterback Rich Gannon, Oakland won their first division title since 1990, and advanced to the AFC Championship, where they lost 163 to the eventual Super Bowl champion Baltimore Ravens.

The Raiders acquired all-time leading receiver Jerry Rice prior to the 2001 season. They finished 10-6 and won a second straight AFC West title but lost their divisional-round playoff game to the eventual Super Bowl champion New England Patriots, in a controversial game that became known as the "Tuck Rule Game". The game was played in a heavy snowstorm, and late in the fourth quarter an apparent fumble by Patriots quarterback Tom Brady was recovered by Raiders linebacker Greg Biekert. The recovery would have led to a Raiders victory, however the play was reviewed and determined to be an incomplete pass (it was ruled that Brady had pump faked and then "tucked" the ball into his body, which, by rule, cannot result in a fumble – though this explanation was not given on the field, but after the NFL season had ended). The Patriots retained possession of the ball, and drove for a game-tying field goal. The game went into overtime and the Patriots won, 1613. [33]

Callahan era and Super Bowl XXXVII appearance (2002–2003)

Shortly after the 2001 season, the Raiders made an unusual move that involved releasing Gruden from his contract and allowing the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to sign him. In return, the Raiders received cash and future draft picks from the Buccaneers. The sudden move came after months of speculation in the media that Davis and Gruden had fallen out with each other both personally and professionally. Bill Callahan, who served as the team's offensive coordinator and offensive line coach during Gruden's tenure, was named head coach. [34]

Under Callahan, the Raiders finished the 2002 season 11–5, won their third straight division title, and clinched the top seed in the playoffs. Rich Gannon was named MVP of the NFL after passing for a league-high 4,689 yards. After beating the New York Jets and Tennessee Titans by large margins in the playoffs, the Raiders made their fifth Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl XXXVII. Their opponent was the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, coached by Gruden. The Raiders, who had not made significant changes to Gruden's offensive schemes, were intercepted five times by the Buccaneers en route to a 4821 blowout. Some Tampa Bay players claimed that Gruden had given them so much information on Oakland's offense, they knew exactly what plays were being called. [35] [36]

Callahan's second season as head coach was considerably less successful. Oakland finished 412, their worst showing since 1997. After a late-season loss to the Denver Broncos, a visibly frustrated Callahan exclaimed, "We've got to be the dumbest team in America in terms of playing the game." [37] At the end of the 2003 regular season, Callahan was fired and replaced by former Washington Redskins head coach Norv Turner.

The team's fortunes did not improve in Turner's first year. Oakland finished the 2004 season 511, with only one divisional win (a one-point victory over the Broncos in Denver). During a Week 3 victory against the Buccaneers, Rich Gannon suffered a neck injury that ended his season and eventually his career; he never returned to the team and retired before the 2005 season. [38] Kerry Collins, who led the New York Giants to an appearance in Super Bowl XXXV and signed with Oakland after the 2003 season, became the team's starting quarterback.

In an effort to bolster their offense, in early 2005 the Raiders acquired Pro Bowl wide receiver Randy Moss via trade with the Minnesota Vikings, and signed free agent running back Lamont Jordan of the New York Jets. After a 412 season and a second consecutive last-place finish, Turner was fired as head coach. On February 11, 2006, the team announced the return of Art Shell as head coach. In announcing the move, Al Davis said that firing Shell in 1995 had been a mistake. [39]

Under Shell, the Raiders lost their first five games in 2006 en route to a 214 finish, the team's worst record since 1962. Oakland's offense struggled greatly, scoring just 168 points (fewest in franchise history) and allowing a league-high 72 sacks. Wide receiver Jerry Porter was benched by Shell for most of the season in what many viewed as a personal, rather than football-related, decision. [40] The Raiders also earned the right to the first overall pick in the 2007 NFL Draft for the first time since 1962, by virtue of having the league's worst record. [41]

Quarterback JaMarcus Russell, selected first overall in 2007, was a major disappointment JaMarcus Russell at Falcons at Raiders 11-2-08.JPG
Quarterback JaMarcus Russell, selected first overall in 2007, was a major disappointment

One season into his second run as head coach, Shell was fired on January 4, 2007. [42] On January 22, the team announced the hiring of 31-year-old USC offensive coordinator Lane Kiffin, the youngest coach in franchise history and the youngest coach in the NFL. [43] In the 2007 NFL Draft, the Raiders selected LSU quarterback JaMarcus Russell with the #1 overall pick. Kiffin coached the Raiders to a 4–12 record in the 2007 season. After a 1–3 start to 2008 and months of speculation and rumors, Al Davis fired Kiffin on September 30, 2008. [44] Tom Cable was named as his interim replacement, and officially signed as the 17th head coach of the Oakland Raiders on February 3, 2009.

Their finish to the 2008 season would turn out to match their best since they lost the Super Bowl in the 2002 season. However, they still finished 5–11 and ended up third in the AFC West, the first time they did not finish last since 2002. They produced an identical record in 2009; however, the season was somewhat ameliorated by the fact that four of the Raiders' five wins were against opponents with above-.500 records. At the end of their 2009 campaign, the Raiders became the first team in NFL history to lose at least 11 games in seven straight seasons. [45]

Al Davis's final years (2010–2011)

In 2010, the Raiders had a better draft than those of the previous years and also cut Jamarcus Russell in May after he showed up to minicamp overweight. [46] [47] Replacing him as starting quarterback was Jason Campbell, traded from Washington. The outlook for the team improved, but it was not apparent after they opened by suffering a 38–13 rout in Tennessee. Returning to Oakland, the Raiders defeated St. Louis and then lost a 21–20 game in Arizona. After a home loss to Houston, they beat their division rival Chargers 35–27 for the first time in seven years, and then lost the "Battle of the Bay" to San Francisco. The Week 7 game in Denver set records as the Raiders defeated their division rival with eight touchdowns (two passing, five rushing, and one interception return), setting a score of 59–14 for the most points in franchise history. After beating Seattle 33–3 and then Kansas City 23–20 for a third straight win, the Raiders went into their bye week with a winning 5–4 record.

However, after the bye week, the Raiders fell to Pittsburgh and Miami before beating San Diego and losing to the Jaguars. A home win over Denver in Week 15 saw the team approach a playoff spot, but faltered in a loss to the Colts which ensured that they would miss the postseason for the 8th straight year. By beating Kansas City in Week 17, the Raiders became the first team in NFL history to sweep their division and still not make the playoffs.

Despite beginning to turn the team around, Tom Cable was fired by Al Davis soon after the season ended for remarking "I finally began to feel that we weren't losers." Davis then promoted offensive coordinator Hue Jackson to the head coaching position in his first public appearance since November 2009. The physically frail, but still sharp Davis explained his decision to fire Cable by saying "If .500 isn't losing, then I don't know what losing is." Some critics[ who? ] also argued that the Raiders failed to win a single game outside their own division or the weak NFC West.

During all this time, Al Davis, who was now past his 80th birthday and in increasingly poor health, refused to hire a general manager or relinquish his absolute control of the team's on-field activities and he continued to make all major decisions regarding draft picks, trades, or signings himself. He came under fire both for this and for strategies that were out-of-step with the contemporary NFL, in particular, his attempt to recreate the vertical game used by Daryl Lamonica and Jim Plunkett. Jamarcus Russell was drafted due to Davis's assumption that he had the proper physical traits needed for this style of play. The signing of Randy Moss in 2005 also proved a costly mistake that consumed large portions of salary cap space.

The Raiders' biggest off-season moves were trading quarterback Bruce Gradkowski to Cincinnati and cornerback Nnamdi Asomugha to Philadelphia. With their new coach in place, the team opened 2011 in Denver for their first prime-time appearance in three years. On a rain-slicked Monday night, Oakland won an extremely sloppy game 23–20 after repeated penalties and Broncos mistakes. Kicker Sebastian Janikowski also booted a 63-yard field goal for only the third time in NFL history. In Week 2, the Raiders lost a wild shootout match in Buffalo 38–35, beat the Jets 34–24, and then lost to New England 31–19 for a 2–2 start.

After flying to Houston for a match with the Texans, the Raiders were stunned by the news that Al Davis had died at his home on October 8 after having been with the franchise for all but its first three years of existence. [48] A last-second interception from Texans quarterback Matt Schaub allowed the Raiders to win that game, but in the next week's match with Cleveland (a 24–17 win), Jason Campbell sustained a season-ending collarbone fracture. [49] With backups Kyle Boller and Terrell Pryor considered unsuitable to replace him, the Raiders made a desperation bid with Cincinnati to acquire quarterback Carson Palmer, who had retired after a feud with that team, but was still under contract with them. With Al Davis's passing, Hue Jackson was effectively in charge of all on-field decisions and he finally convinced Bengals owner Mike Brown to give up Palmer in exchange for all of Oakland's first-round draft picks. The deal thus having been made, Palmer stood under center as the Raiders hosted Kansas City in Week 7. But the team lost as Kyle Boller threw three interceptions to open the game while Palmer replaced him early in the second half. However, he also threw three interceptions, losing 28–0.

With the AFC West extremely weak, the Raiders vacillated between 3rd and 1st place as the season progressed. A three-game losing streak in December badly harmed their playoff chances, but up to Week 17, they remained in contention to clinch the division. However, the Raiders lost a must-win game at home to San Diego and so for the ninth year in a row failed to make the playoffs or produce a winning record.

The Dennis Allen years (2012–14)

Despite rumors of selling the team, Al Davis's family indicated that they would retain ownership. At the conclusion of the 2011 season, Hue Jackson was fired and replaced by former Broncos defensive coordinator Dennis Allen, the first defensive-minded Raiders head coach since John Madden. At Davis's death, the once-elite franchise was a mess, with one of the NFL's oldest rosters, almost no salary cap space, and valuable first-round draft picks squandered on bust players and Carson Palmer. Surveys of players across the league consistently showed that the Raiders had become one of the least desirable teams to play for. In addition, with the Miami Marlins obtaining their own ballpark in 2012, the Raiders became the last team in the NFL to still share a stadium with a baseball franchise. The baseball infield for the Oakland Athletics at the Oakland Coliseum was present during Raiders games during the early NFL seasons. The end of the MLB season correlated with the beginning of the NFL season, which forced the Raiders to play certain games on a dirt field.

The Raiders began 2012 by losing a very poorly executed home opener on Monday Night Football to San Diego 22–14. The team was plagued by fumbles and dropped passes, and did not score a touchdown until near the end. On the bright side, defensive performance was decent and helped contain the Chargers' passing game.

After another miserable loss in Miami, the Raiders returned home to take on Pittsburgh in Week 3. In the 4th quarter, trailing by 10, wide receiver Darrius Heyward-Bey collided with Pittsburgh safety Ryan Mundy and was knocked out of the game. The loss of Heyward-Bey inspired the rest of the team, which rallied to tie the game 31-31, and with 4 seconds left, Sebastian Janikowski kicked a 43-yard field goal to win the game 34–31. In the end though, the Raiders finished the 2012 season 4–12.

During 2013, there was little apparent sign of improvement as the Raiders once again finished 4–12, including a particularly embarrassing loss to the Eagles in Week 9 when quarterback Nick Foles threw a record seven touchdown passes. In Week 15, they gave up 56 points to the Chiefs.

Khalil Mack.JPG
Derek Carr 2015.jpg
2014 draft picks Khalil Mack (top) and Derek Carr (bottom) helped lead the Raiders back to respectability for a few years

In 2014, Dennis Allen was fired after a 0–4 start and replaced by former Dolphins head coach and then-Raiders offensive line coach Tony Sparano for the remainder of the season. They became the first team to be mathematically eliminated from playoff contention and were guaranteed a fourth-place finish in the AFC West after a loss in Week 11 dropped them to 0–10. The Raiders were the last team in the league that year to win a game, finally doing so the next week against their division rival, the Kansas City Chiefs, but they were defeated 52–0 by the Rams the next week. The Raiders did manage to defeat their geographic rival, the San Francisco 49ers, and defeated Buffalo in Week 16, which mathematically eliminated the Bills from playoff contention for the 15th straight year. Oakland's final record that season was 3–13. Their offense struggled mightily, averaging just 282.2 yards per game (last in the league). [50] Quarterback and second-round pick Derek Carr proved to be a positive addition, serving as the starter for the entire season and set a Raiders record for most passing yards in one season by a rookie. Also, linebacker Khalil Mack, selected in the first round, had 75 tackles and 4 sacks.

Jack Del Rio, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas (2015–17)

On January 14, 2015, Jack Del Rio, the then-Denver Broncos defensive coordinator and former Jacksonville Jaguars head coach, was hired by the Oakland Raiders to be their new head coach. Del Rio's new coaching staff included former Minnesota Vikings offensive coordinator Bill Musgrave as offensive coordinator and former Vikings head coach Mike Tice as offensive line coach; both had worked with Del Rio at the Jaguars in the past.

On February 19, 2015, the Raiders and the Chargers announced that they would build a privately financed $1.78 billion stadium in Carson, California if they were to move to the Los Angeles market. [51] Both teams stated that they would continue to attempt to get stadiums built in their respective cities. [52]

The Raiders secured the #4 pick in the 2015 NFL draft, which was used on receiver Amari Cooper. The Raiders finished 7–9 in 2015, showing noticeable improvement over the previous season.

On January 4, 2016, the Raiders filed for relocation alongside the Chargers and Rams. [53] [54]

The Committee set up by the league to deal with Los Angeles initially recommended the Carson Site, [55] but the Chargers and Raiders were unable to secure the votes they needed to move. After hours of debate, the league voted to allow the St. Louis Rams to move on January 12, 2016, with the San Diego Chargers having the option to join them within a year. Davis then turned his attention to Las Vegas.

In 2016, the team finished 12–4, finally making the postseason for the first time since 2002 with strong play on both offense and defense, but lost Derek Carr and backup Matt McGloin to season-ending injuries to close out the year. [56] The Raiders were unable to win their first playoff game since 2002, falling to the Houston Texans 14–27 in a game in which third-string quarterback Connor Cook threw one touchdown and three interceptions. Musgrave was let go following the playoff loss. [57]

After over 10 years of failure to secure a new stadium in Oakland to replace the decaying coliseum (issues of which include sewage backups and flooding [58] ) and after missing out on Los Angeles, on March 27, 2017, the NFL granted the team permission to relocate to Las Vegas, Nevada, pending the new Allegiant Stadium's completion. The Raiders soon announced plans to stay in Oakland until the new stadium was completed in 2020. [59] Ground was officially broken on the new stadium on November 13, 2017. [60]

Following a season-ending 4-game losing streak to finish 6–10 in 2017, in addition to a regression of the offense under Todd Downing, Del Rio was fired by Mark Davis.

Return of Jon Gruden and the end of the Oakland Raiders (2018–2019)

In January 2018, the Raiders re-hired Jon Gruden, signing him to a 10-year, $100-million contract, paying him $10 million a year and giving him near-total control over the team. [61] The Raiders traded away Khalil Mack and Amari Cooper in separate deals, acquiring three first-round draft picks in the process. [62] [63] The Raiders finished 4–12 in Gruden's first season back with the team. On December 10, the Raiders fired general manager Reggie McKenzie, who had been with the Raiders since 2012. [64] [65]

In the 2019 off-season, the Raiders acquired receiver Antonio Brown from the Pittsburgh Steelers via trade following Brown's falling out with the Steelers, [66] only to release him after a chaotic preseason culminating with Brown getting into a heated argument with new general manager Mike Mayock. [67] [68] The Raiders finished the 2019 season with a 7–9 record and lost their last game at the Oakland Coliseum to the Jacksonville Jaguars 20–16, giving up a late touchdown in the closing seconds.

On January 22, 2020, the team was officially renamed the Las Vegas Raiders and the relocation was completed in the following months. [69]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Las Vegas Raiders</span> National Football League franchise in Paradise, Nevada

The Las Vegas Raiders are a professional American football team based in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The Raiders compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) West division. The club plays its home games at Allegiant Stadium in Paradise, Nevada, and is headquartered in Henderson, Nevada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Los Angeles Chargers</span> National Football League franchise in Inglewood, California

The Los Angeles Chargers are a professional American football team based in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The Chargers compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the American Football Conference (AFC) West division, and play their home games at SoFi Stadium in Inglewood, California, which they share with the Los Angeles Rams.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Super Bowl XV</span> 1981 conclusion to the NFL postseason; Raiders vs Eagles

Super Bowl XV was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Oakland Raiders and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Philadelphia Eagles to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1980 season. The Raiders defeated the Eagles by the score of 27–10, becoming the first wild card playoff team to win a Super Bowl.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Super Bowl XXXVII</span> 2003 Edition of the Super Bowl

Super Bowl XXXVII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Oakland Raiders and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Tampa Bay Buccaneers to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2002 season. The Buccaneers defeated the Raiders by the score of 48–21, tied with Super Bowl XXXV for the seventh largest Super Bowl margin of victory, winning their first-ever Super Bowl. The game, played on January 26, 2003, at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego, California, was the sixth Super Bowl to be held a week after the conference championship games. It was also the last Super Bowl played in January. Prior to Super Bowl LVI, this was the last Super Bowl to have been played in Southern California, and it was also the last-ever Super Bowl played in the San Diego area as of the 2021 NFL season, as the San Diego Chargers would later move to Los Angeles in 2017, leaving San Diego with no NFL-based team, meaning the Super Bowl can no longer be hosted there. Qualcomm Stadium would be demolished a few years after the Chargers moved, with the last structure being taken down in March 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al Davis</span> American football coach and executive (1929–2011)

Allen Davis was an American football coach and executive. He was the principal owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL) for 39 years, from 1972 until his death in 2011. Prior to becoming the principal owner of the Raiders, he served as the team's head coach from 1963 to 1965 and part owner from 1966 to 1971, assuming both positions while the Raiders were part of the American Football League (AFL). He also served as the commissioner of the AFL in 1966.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jon Gruden</span> American football coach (born 1963)

Jon David Gruden is a former American football coach who served as a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 seasons. He held his first head coaching position with the Raiders franchise during their Oakland tenure from 1998 to 2001, where he won two consecutive division titles and made an AFC Championship Game appearance. Gruden was traded to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 2002, whom he led to their first Super Bowl title in Super Bowl XXXVII the same season. At age 39, he was the then-youngest head coach to win the Super Bowl. He served as Tampa Bay's head coach through 2008, setting the franchise record for wins, but made only two further playoff runs. After his firing from the Buccaneers, Gruden was featured as an analyst for ESPN's Monday Night Football broadcasts from the 2009 to the 2017 seasons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norv Turner</span> American football coach (born 1952)

Norval Turner is an American football coach in the National Football League (NFL). An offensive assistant for the majority of his coaching career, he came to prominence as the Dallas Cowboys' offensive coordinator during their consecutive Super Bowls victories in Super Bowl XXVII and Super Bowl XXVIII. In addition to his assistant coaching, Turner served as the head coach of the Washington Redskins from 1994 to 2000, the Oakland Raiders from 2004 to 2005, and the San Diego Chargers from 2007 to 2012. Turner compiled 118 wins during his head coaching tenure, which are the most for an NFL head coach with a losing record. He is also the only NFL head coach with 100 wins to have a losing record.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marty Schottenheimer</span> American football player and coach (1943–2021)

Martin Edward Schottenheimer was an American football linebacker and coach who served as a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) from 1984 to 2006. He was the head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs for 10 seasons, the Cleveland Browns and the San Diego Chargers for five each, and the Washington Redskins for one. Eighth in career wins at 205 and seventh in regular season wins at 200, Schottenheimer has the most wins of an NFL head coach to not win a championship. After coaching in the NFL, he won a 2011 championship in his one season with the Virginia Destroyers of the United Football League (UFL). He was inducted to the Kansas City Chiefs Hall of Fame in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tuck Rule Game</span> NFL playoff game

The 2001 AFC Divisional Playoff game between the New England Patriots and the Oakland Raiders, also known as the Tuck Rule Game or the Snow Bowl, or sometimes referred to as Snow Bowl 2, took place on January 19, 2002, at Foxboro Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts, which was at the time the Patriot's home stadium. The game, played under a heavy snowfall, was the last at Foxboro Stadium.

The history of the Denver Broncos American football club began when the team was chartered a member of the American Football League in 1960. The Broncos have played in the city of Denver, Colorado throughout their entire history. The Broncos did not win any titles as members of the AFL. Since the 1970 AFL–NFL merger, the Broncos have won 15 division titles, and played in eight Super Bowls, following the 1977, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2013, and 2015 seasons. They won Super Bowl XXXII, Super Bowl XXXIII and Super Bowl 50. Their most famous player is former quarterback John Elway, starting quarterback in five Super Bowls and holder of many NFL records. The Broncos currently play in the National Football League's AFC West division.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Diego Chargers</span> Sports team history

The San Diego Chargers were a professional American football team that played in San Diego from 1961 until the end of the 2016 season, before relocating to Los Angeles, where the team had played the 1960 season. The team is now known as the Los Angeles Chargers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2002 Oakland Raiders season</span> NFL team season

The 2002 season was the Oakland Raiders' 33rd in the National Football League, their 43rd overall, their eighth since returning to Oakland and their first under head coach Bill Callahan. The Raiders played their home games at Network Associates Coliseum as members of the AFC West. The Raiders had essentially traded their head coach Jon Gruden following the 2001 season. The Raiders hired Callahan, the offensive coordinator under Gruden, to return them to the playoffs.

The 2003 Oakland Raiders season was the 44th season of professional football for the Oakland Raiders franchise, their 34th season as members of the National Football League, and their ninth season since returning to Oakland. They were led by head coach Bill Callahan in his second and final year as head coach of the Raiders. The Raiders played their home games at Network Associates Coliseum as members of the AFC West. They finished the season 4–12 to finish in a tie with the Chargers for last place, but the Raiders finished in 3rd place because they had a better conference record than the Chargers did. It marked the first time since 1999 that the Raiders failed to make the playoffs.

As with all sports leagues, there are a number of significant rivalries between teams and notable players in the National Football League (NFL). Rivalries are occasionally created due to a particular event that causes bad blood between teams, players, coaches, or owners, but for the most part, they arise simply due to the frequency with which some teams play each other, and sometimes exist for geographic reasons.

The 2011 Oakland Raiders season was the franchise's 42nd season in the National Football League and the 52nd overall. 2011 also marked the final season under the ownership of Al Davis, who died on October 8, 2011. The Raiders matched their 8–8 record from 2010, finishing in a three-way tie with the Denver Broncos and San Diego Chargers for the AFC West division title, but lost tiebreakers to both teams, and missed the playoffs for the ninth consecutive season.

Richard Bisaccia is an American football coach who is the special teams coordinator for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL). He previously served as an assistant coach for the Dallas Cowboys, San Diego Chargers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and was an interim head coach for the Las Vegas Raiders in 2021, leading the Raiders to the playoffs in his lone season.

The Chargers–Raiders rivalry is a National Football League (NFL) rivalry between the Los Angeles Chargers and Las Vegas Raiders. Since the American Football League (AFL) was established in 1960, the Chargers and the Raiders have shared the same division, first being the AFL Western Conference, and since the AFL–NFL merger, the AFC West.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Los Angeles Raiders</span> American professional football team in Los Angeles, California, from 1982 to 1994

The Los Angeles Raiders were a professional American football team that played in Los Angeles from 1982 to 1994 before relocating back to Oakland, California, where the team played from its inaugural 1960 season to the 1981 season and then again from 1995 to 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">49ers–Raiders rivalry</span> National Football League rivalry

The 49ers–Raiders rivalry, once commonly known as the Battle of the Bay, is a professional American football rivalry between the National Football League (NFL)'s San Francisco 49ers and Las Vegas Raiders. This rivalry is unique in that both teams are members of different conferences within the NFL and have never met in a postseason game. The rivalry was due to the proximity of Levi's Stadium, home of the 49ers, and RingCentral Coliseum, home of the formerly-Oakland Raiders. The geographic aspect of the rivalry ended in 2020, when the Raiders relocated to Las Vegas, Nevada.

The Las Vegas Raiders are a professional American football team based in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The Raiders compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) West division. The Raiders were founded in Oakland, California in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League. The franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1982 before moving back to Oakland in 1995 where they played until their move to Las Vegas in 2020. The Raiders won the 1967 AFL championship before joining the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger and have since won three Super Bowls in 1976, 1980, and 1983.


  1. "Raiders Are the Real Stars in Mexico". Los Angeles Times . Associated Press. August 27, 2001. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  2. "Pro Football Hall of Fame - Oakland Raiders". Archived from the original on 2006-12-30. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  3. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 7.
  4. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 7–8.
  5. "Grid Team Named-- They're Senors", Oakland Tribune, April 5, 1960, p37. Soda said, "My own personal choice would have been Mavericks, but I believe we came up with a real fine name." The selection committee narrowed the choices down to Admirals, Lakers, Diablos, Seawolves, Gauchos, Nuggets, Señors Dons, Costers, Grandees, Sequoias, Missiles, Knights, Redwoods, Clippers, Jets and Dolphins.
  6. "Now It's Hi, Raiders! (Bye, Senors)", Oakland Tribune, April 14, 1960, p1
  7. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 8.
  8. Otto, The Pain of Glory, p. 69.
  9. Oakland Tribune, numerous editions, September–December 1960, including "October 16, 1960".
  10. Oakland Tribune, "Raiders Get OK At Candlestick" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2010-08-21., November 24, 1960 (No. 147), p. 57. The Tribune article covering the result of the first Raiders game at Candlestick appeared in the "December 5, 1960, edition (p. 41)" (PDF)., continued on "p. 45 of the same edition" (PDF). The San Francisco 49ers would not move into Candlestick Park until the 1971 season.
  11. Steve Sabol (Executive Producer) (2004). Raiders – The Complete History (DVD). NFL Productions LLC.
  12. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 10.
  13. "Raiders Stun Chargers with 31-Point 4th Quarter Outburst". Raiders.com. Archived from the original on 2006-12-30. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  14. "Memories of Sid Gillman". Chargers.com. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
  15. ""Pride and Poise" trademark information". Trademark Electronic Search System. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
  16. ""Commitment to Excellence" trademark information". Trademark Electronic Search System. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
  17. ""Just Win, Baby" trademark information". Trademark Electronic Search System. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
  18. 1 2 Burke, Monte (2006-09-18). "A New Test For an Old Raider". Forbes Magazine. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-25.
  19. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 41.
  20. "Las Vegas Raiders". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  21. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 98–101.
  22. Newhouse, Dave (September 18, 2001). "1980 Raiders were outcasts, champions". NFL.com. Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  23. Phillips, B.J. (February 9, 1981). "The Wild Cards Run Wild" . Time . Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  24. "Quiz XLII Super Bowl Questions!". ESPN Sportsnation. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  25. Parker, Craig (2003). Football's Blackest Hole: A Fan's Perspective. Frog, Ltd.; Berkeley, California. p. 69.
  26. Dickey, Just Win, Baby. p. 168.
  27. Dickey, Just Win, Baby. p. 172.
  28. "Al Davis biography". HickokSports.com. Archived from the original on 2002-02-23. Retrieved 2007-01-30.
  29. Puma, Mike (2003-12-01). "Good guys wear black". ESPN Classic . Retrieved 2007-01-30.
  30. "Raiders' Move Is Approved". The New York Times . 1995-07-12. Retrieved 2007-02-02.
  31. Poole, Monte (2005-06-22). "Raiders headed home 10 years ago". Oakland Tribune . Retrieved 2007-02-02.
  32. McDonald, Jerry (July 28, 2016). "Oakland Raiders to reduce capacity of stadium in order to avoid blackouts". The Mercury News. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  33. Ratto, Ray (2002-01-20). "Conspiracy theorists have a fresh cause". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-02-02.
  34. "Raiders promote Callahan to head coach". ESPN.com. Associated Press. March 12, 2002. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  35. Clayton, John (January 26, 2003). "Gruden proves how much coaching matters". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  36. Kalb, Elliott (February 1, 2007). "The worst decisions in Super Bowl history". FOX Sports. Archived from the original on April 2, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
  37. "Portis runs Denver past error-prone Raiders". NFL.com. November 30, 2003. Archived from the original on September 8, 2006. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
  38. Gay, Nancy (2005-08-07). "Gannon makes it official -- he's done". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  39. Clayton, John (2006-02-11). "Shell to return to Raiders as head coach". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  40. "Shell out after one season as Raiders coach". NFL.com. 2007-01-04. Archived from the original on 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  41. "Raiders secure top draft pick for first time since 1962". OnlineAthens.com. Associated Press. 2007-01-01. Archived from the original on 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  42. White, David; Nancy Gay (January 5, 2007). "Shell fired by Raiders again – Davis called coach's '94 dismissal 'a mistake'; apparently thought rehiring was another". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  43. White, David (2007-01-22). "Raiders hire USC's Kiffin to be head coach". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-01-23.
  44. "Raiders fire Kiffin four games into second season". National Football League. Associated Press. October 1, 2008. Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  45. Kacsmar, Scott (2013-09-09). "How Can the Oakland Raiders Escape Black Hole of Losing?". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  46. "Scout: JaMarcus Russell is tipping the scales at 300 pounds". National Football Post. April 26, 2010. Archived from the original on September 26, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
  47. "Oakland Raiders release quarterback JaMarcus Russell". San Jose Mercury News. May 6, 2010.
  48. McDonald, Jerry (August 12, 2016). "Al Davis' death still resonates with Raiders one year later". The Mercury News. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  49. "Wk 5 Can't-Miss Play: Emotional finish". Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  50. "NFL Stats: By Team Category". www.nfl.com. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  51. Williams, Eric D. (February 20, 2015). "Chargers, Raiders reveal L.A. plan". ESPN.com . Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  52. Rapoport, Ian (February 20, 2015). "Chargers, Raiders team up for stadium proposal in Los Angeles". NFL.com. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  53. "NFL Relocation". Raiders.com. National Football League.
  54. Brinson, Will. "Chargers, Raiders and Rams file for relocation to Los Angeles". CBS Sports. CBS.
  55. Battista, Judy. "League's committee on Los Angeles recommends Carson project". NFL.com. NFL.
  56. Jacobs, Melissa (December 25, 2016). "Derek Carr's broken leg spells certain end to Raiders' Super Bowl hopes". Sports Illustrated . Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  57. "Brock Osweiler and Texans Knock the Battered Raiders Out of the Playoffs". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 7, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  58. Boren, Cindy (October 16, 2016). "Sewage alert! Oakland Coliseum is flooding again". The Washington Post . Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  59. Rosenthal, Gregg (March 27, 2017). "NFL team owners approve Raiders' move to Las Vegas". National Football League. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  60. "With tribute to shooting victims, Raiders launch work on stadium". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2017-11-14. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  61. Patra, Kevin (January 9, 2018). "Raiders owner on Jon Gruden hire: It's 'a big f-ing deal'". NFL.com. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  62. Patra, Kevin (September 1, 2018). "Khalil Mack agrees to six-year, $141M Bears deal". NFL.com. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
  63. Archer, Todd (October 22, 2018). "Oakland Raiders to trade Amari Cooper to Dallas Cowboys". ESPN . Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  64. Mosher, Marcus (December 10, 2018). "REPORT: Raiders GM Reggie McKenzie fired". Raiders Wire. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  65. Gutierrez, Paul (December 10, 2018). "Raiders fire general manager Reggie McKenzie". ESPN.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  66. "Raiders acquire All-Pro wide receiver Antonio Brown". Oakland Raiders. March 13, 2019.
  67. Rosenblatt, Zack (September 7, 2019). "Raiders release Antonio Brown: Where will he land next? Patriots? Cowboys? Giants? Looking at all 31 other teams". NJ.com. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  68. Gordon, Grant (September 7, 2019). "Raiders release Antonio Brown". NFL. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  69. "Breaking: Las Vegas Raiders now official for 2020 season and beyond". Raiders Wire. 2020-01-22. Retrieved 2020-01-22.