2015 NFL season

Last updated

2015 National Football League season
NFL gold logo.png
For the 2015 season, a gold-plated NFL logo was used across all league properties in anticipation of the 50th Super Bowl game. [1]
Regular season
DurationSeptember 10, 2015 – January 3, 2016
Start dateJanuary 9, 2016
AFC Champions Denver Broncos
NFC Champions Carolina Panthers
Super Bowl 50
DateFebruary 7, 2016
Site Levi's Stadium, Santa Clara, California
Champions Denver Broncos
Pro Bowl
DateJanuary 31, 2016
Site Aloha Stadium, Honolulu, Hawaii
Usa edcp relief location map.png
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
AFC teams: Yellow ffff00 pog.svg West, Blue pog.svg North, Red pog.svg South, White pog.svg East
Usa edcp relief location map.png
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
White pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Blue pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Red pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
NFC teams: Yellow ffff00 pog.svg West, Blue pog.svg North, Red pog.svg South, White pog.svg East

The 2015 NFL season was the 96th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL), and the 50th in the Super Bowl era. To celebrate the 50th season of the Super Bowl, a gold-plated NFL logo and other various gold-themed promotions were used throughout the season. It began on Thursday, September 10, 2015, with the annual kickoff game featuring the defending Super Bowl XLIX champion New England Patriots defeating the Pittsburgh Steelers. The season concluded with Super Bowl 50, the league's championship game, on Sunday, February 7, 2016, at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California, [2] with the Denver Broncos defeating the Carolina Panthers.


During the 2015 season, the Oakland Raiders, the St. Louis Rams, and the San Diego Chargers announced their intentions to relocate back to Los Angeles in the ensuing off-season (all three teams had previously resided in the city at various points in their history). NFL owners eventually only approved the relocation of the Rams, by a vote of 30–2 on January 12, 2016. Thus, 2015 ended up being the Rams' last season in St. Louis.

Player movement

The 2015 NFL League Year began on Tuesday, March 10, 2015 at 4:00 p.m. ET. On Saturday, March 7, clubs started to contact and enter into contract negotiations with the certified agents of players who became unrestricted free agents upon the expiration of their 2014 contracts at 4:00 p.m. ET on March 10. [3] On Tuesday, March 10, 2015, clubs exercised options for 2015 on all players who have option clauses in their 2014 contracts, submitted qualifying offers to their restricted free agents with expiring contracts and to whom they desire to retain a Right of First Refusal/Compensation, submitted a Minimum Salary Tender to retain exclusive negotiating rights to their players with expiring 2014 contracts and who have fewer than three accrued seasons of free agency credit, "Top-51" began, all clubs must be under the 2015 salary cap, all 2014 player contracts expired at 4:00 p.m. ET and trading period for 2015 began. (4:00 p.m. ET). [4]

Free agency

A total of 453 players were eligible for some form of free agency at the beginning of the free agency period. [5] Among the players who changed teams via free agency included:

Four players were assigned the non-exclusive franchise tag by their teams, which ensured that the team would receive compensation were the player to sign a contract with another team. These players were wide receivers Dez Bryant (Cowboys) [31] and Demaryius Thomas (Broncos), [32] linebacker Justin Houston (Chiefs), [33] and defensive end Jason Pierre-Paul (Giants). [34] One other team used the transition tag, which offers the player's current team a chance to match offers from other franchises and also guarantees draft pick compensation (at a lesser level than the franchise tag) if a tagged player signs elsewhere. The player given the transition tag was Charles Clay (Dolphins). On March 19, 2015, Clay signed a five-year, $38M contract with the Buffalo Bills, after the Dolphins elected not to match the offer. [35]


An unusually large number of big name players switched teams via trade prior to the 2015 season. [36] Eagles coach Chip Kelly used his newly obtained GM powers to make many blockbuster trades. The Philadelphia Eagles traded 2-time All-Pro running back LeSean McCoy to the Buffalo Bills in exchange for linebacker Kiko Alonso. [37] The Eagles also traded Pro Bowl quarterback Nick Foles along with their selection in the second round of the 2016 NFL Draft to the St. Louis Rams for quarterback Sam Bradford; the deal also included a swap of draft picks in the 2015 NFL Draft as well as a possible additional 2016 draft pick from the Rams contingent on Bradford's playing time with the Eagles. [38] The New Orleans Saints traded All-Pro tight end Jimmy Graham along with their fourth-round selection in the draft to the Seattle Seahawks in exchange for All-Pro center Max Unger and the Seahawks' first-round selection in the draft. [39] The Saints also traded away Pro Bowl guard Ben Grubbs (to the Kansas City Chiefs for a fifth round selection in the 2015 NFL Draft) and wide receiver Kenny Stills (to the Miami Dolphins in exchange for linebacker Dannell Ellerbe and a third rounder in the 2015 draft). The Detroit Lions acquired All-Pro defensive tackle Haloti Ngata from the Baltimore Ravens in exchange for draft picks to help make up for the loss of Ndamukong Suh in free agency. [40]


The 2015 NFL Draft was held April 30 – May 2, 2015, in Chicago. [41] The draft process began with the NFL Scouting Combine, where draft-eligible players were evaluated by team personnel, which was held in Indianapolis on February 17–23. On October 2, 2014, Auditorium Theatre in Chicago was announced as the official site of the draft. [42] The previous fifty NFL drafts (since 1965) had been held in New York. [43] The 2015 NFL Draft was the first to feature an outdoor component, where fans would be able to see the Commissioner on the Auditorium Theatre stage from across the street in Grant Park; this area was called Draft Town. [44] In the draft, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers made Florida State University quarterback Jameis Winston the first overall selection. [45]

New officials

Referee Bill Leavy retired after the 2014 season. [46] On May 13, 2015, the NFL promoted line judge John Hussey to the referee position. [47] In addition to Hussey's promotion to referee, the NFL hired 10 more officials, including the first full-time female official in NFL history, Sarah Thomas, who will work as a line judge, [note 1] [48] as well as Walt Coleman IV, the son of referee Walt Coleman, who will work as a side judge. [49]

Rule changes

The following rule changes were passed for the 2015 NFL season at the owners' meeting on March 25, 2015: [50]

The following changes to the extra point rules were passed for the 2015 NFL season at the owners' meeting on May 19, 2015: [52]

The following changes to game ball protocol were passed for the 2015 NFL season on July 27, 2015: [54]

2015 deaths

The following people associated with the NFL (or AFL) died in 2015. [55] [56]

Frank Gifford
Gifford in 2009 FrankGifford.jpg
Gifford in 2009

Frank Gifford died on August 9, just a week shy of his 85th birthday. Gifford had a 12-year playing career with the New York Giants in the 1950s and 1960s. He was a 4-time All-Pro, played in eight Pro Bowls and was named to the 1950s All-Decade Team. In 1956 Gifford was named the NFL's Most Valuable Player. After his playing career Gifford transitioned to sports broadcasting, most notably joining ABC's Monday Night Football in the program's second season and serving as the broadcast's play-by-play announcer and later color commentator for the next 27 seasons. Gifford was a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame as well as the College Football Hall of Fame. [57] [58]

Bednarik in 1952 ChuckBednarik1952Bowman.jpg
Bednarik in 1952
Stabler in 2007 Ken Stabler 2007 Alabama Broadcasters Convention.jpg
Stabler in 2007
Sanders (far right) in 2007 CharlieSanders-HOFCeremony.jpg
Sanders (far right) in 2007
Yepremian in 2013 Garo Yepremian 2013.jpg
Yepremian in 2013
St. Clair in 2009 Bob St. Clair at 49ers Family Day 2009.JPG
St. Clair in 2009
Mara (right) in 1954 Wellington and Ann Mara 1954.JPG
Mara (right) in 1954
Chuck Bednarik

Chuck Bednarik died on March 31 at age 89. Bednarik was the first player selected in the 1949 NFL Draft and played linebacker and center for the Philadelphia Eagles for fourteen seasons. He won championships with the Eagles in 1949 and 1960. He was a 5-time first team All-Pro and played in eight Pro Bowls. Bednarik was selected as a member of the NFL's 75th Anniversary All-Time Two-Way Team and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1967. He was also a member of the College Football Hall of Fame. [59] [60]

Ken Stabler

Ken Stabler died on July 8 at age 69. Stabler had a fifteen-year NFL career as a quarterback for the Oakland Raiders, Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints in the 1970s and 1980s. He was named the league's MVP in 1974, led the Raiders to their first championship in Super Bowl XI and was a member of the 1970s All-Decade Team. [61] [62]

Ed Sabol

Ed Sabol died on February 9 at age 98. Sabol founded NFL Films in 1962 where he pioneered a documentary style of capturing the game of football that many credit as a driver of the huge surge in the NFL's popularity. Sabol was enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2011. [63]

Charlie Sanders

Charlie Sanders died on July 2 at age 68. Sanders played tight end for the Detroit Lions for ten seasons. He was twice named first-team All-Pro, was selected for seven Pro Bowl teams and was a member of the 1970s All-Decade Team. After his playing career he continued to be involved with the Lions, first as a broadcaster and later as a coach and scout. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2007. [64] [65]

Garo Yepremian

Garo Yepremian died on May 15 at age 70. Yepremian had a fourteen-year career as a placekicker for four NFL teams, most notably with the Miami Dolphins of the 1970s. He was twice named a first-team All-Pro and was a member of two Pro Bowl teams as well as a 2-time Super Bowl champion. He led the league in field goal accuracy three times and was named to the 1970s All-Decade Team. [66] [67]

Bob St. Clair

Bob St. Clair died on April 20 at age 84. St. Clair had an eleven-year career as an offensive tackle for the San Francisco 49ers in the 1950s and 1960s. He played in the Pro Bowl five times and was named to the 1950s All-Decade Team. St. Clair was the mayor of Daly City, California from 1958 through 1964. St. Clair was enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990. [68] [69] [70]

Other 2015 deaths


Training camps for the 2015 season began July 22 and continued through the end of preseason, September 3. The normal training camp window ran from late July to late August or early September. Most of the camps had rookies report first, then veterans. At that point, some teams practiced versus another organization, like the Bills practiced against the Browns this year. Teams started training camp no earlier than fifteen days before the team's first scheduled preseason game. At that point, the rosters for each team were open to 90 players. Those rosters were cut to 75 by Week 3 of preseason, and the final 53-man roster was submitted at the end of preseason.

Prior to the start of the regular season, each team played at least four exhibition games. The preseason schedule got underway with the Pro Football Hall of Fame Game on Sunday evening, August 9. The Hall of Fame game is a traditional part of the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame induction weekend celebrating new Hall of Fame members. It was played at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium which is located adjacent to the Hall of Fame building in Canton, Ohio. The game, which was televised in the U.S. on NBC, featured the Minnesota Vikings and Pittsburgh Steelers; as in previous years, each team had an inductee in the class of 2015 (Mick Tingelhoff for the Vikings, Jerome Bettis for the Steelers). [71] The 65-game preseason schedule ended on Thursday, September 3, a week before the start of the regular season, with each team having played four preseason games, except for the Steelers and Vikings, who played five games. The preliminary preseason schedule was released Thursday, April 9.

Regular season

The 2015 regular season featured 256 games played out over a seventeen-week schedule which began on the Thursday night following Labor Day. Each of the league's 32 teams played a 16-game schedule with one bye week for each team scheduled between weeks four and eleven. The slate also featured seventeen games on Monday night, two of which were played at the end of the first week of the regular season. Additionally, there was no Monday Night game at the end of the final week of the regular season, the same as in previous years. There were games played on Thursday, including the opening game of the regular season on Thursday, September 10 and three games on Thanksgiving Day. The regular season concluded with a full slate of 16 games on Sunday, January 3, all of which were intra-divisional matchups, as it has been since 2010, with the Minnesota Vikings beating the Green Bay Packers on NBC Sunday Night Football

Scheduling formula

Under the NFL's scheduling formula, each team plays each of the other three teams in their own division twice (one home and one away). In addition, a team plays against all four teams in one other division within the conference, on a 3-year rotation; and one division from the opposite conference, on a 4-year rotation. Two games on a team's schedule are against the two teams in the team's own conference in the divisions the team was not set to play who finished the previous season in the same rank in their division (e.g. the team which finished first in its division the previous season would play each other team in their conference that also finished first in its respective division). The pre-set division pairings for 2015 are as follows: [72]

AFC East vs. AFC South
AFC North vs. AFC West
NFC East vs. NFC South
NFC North vs. NFC West

AFC East vs. NFC East
AFC West vs. NFC North
AFC North vs. NFC West
AFC South vs. NFC South

Highlights of the 2015 schedule include:

In-season scheduling changes

Regular season standings



Division Leaders
1 [lower-alpha 1] Denver Broncos West1240.7504–28–4.500.479W2
2 [lower-alpha 1] New England Patriots East1240.7504–29–3.473.448L2
3 [lower-alpha 1] Cincinnati Bengals North1240.7505–19–3.477.406W1
4 Houston Texans South970.5635–17–5.496.410W3
Wild Cards
5 Kansas City Chiefs West1150.6885–110–2.496.432W10
6 [lower-alpha 2] Pittsburgh Steelers North1060.6253–37–5.504.463W1
Did not qualify for the postseason
7 [lower-alpha 2] New York Jets East1060.6253–37–5.441.388L1
8 [lower-alpha 3] Buffalo Bills East880.5004–27–5.508.438W2
9 [lower-alpha 3] Indianapolis Colts South880.5004–26–6.500.406W2
10 Oakland Raiders West790.4383–37–5.512.366L1
11 Miami Dolphins East6100.3751–54–8.469.469W2
12 [lower-alpha 4] Jacksonville Jaguars South5110.3132–45–7.473.375L3
13 [lower-alpha 4] Baltimore Ravens North5110.3133–34–8.508.425L1
14 San Diego Chargers West4120.2500–63–9.527.328L2
15 [lower-alpha 5] Cleveland Browns North3130.1881–52–10.531.271L3
16 [lower-alpha 5] Tennessee Titans South3130.1881–51–11.492.375L4
Tiebreakers [lower-alpha 6]
  1. 1 2 3 Denver finished ahead of New England and Cincinnati for the No. 1 seed based on head-to-head sweep. New England finished ahead of Cincinnati for the No. 2 seed based
    on record vs. common opponents — New England's cumulative record against Buffalo, Denver, Houston and Pittsburgh was 4–1, while Cincinnati's cumulative record against
    the same four teams was 2–3.
  2. 1 2 Pittsburgh finished ahead of the New York Jets for the No. 6 seed and qualified for the last playoff spot based on record vs. common opponents — Pittsburgh's cumulative
    record against Cleveland, Indianapolis, New England and Oakland was 4–1, while the Jets' cumulative record against the same four teams was 3–2.
  3. 1 2 Buffalo finished ahead of Indianapolis based on head-to-head victory.
  4. 1 2 Jacksonville finished ahead of Baltimore based on head-to-head victory.
  5. 1 2 Cleveland finished ahead of Tennessee based on head-to-head victory.
  6. When breaking ties for three or more teams under the NFL's rules, they are first broken within divisions, then comparing only the highest ranked remaining team from each division.
Division Leaders
1 Carolina Panthers South1510.9385–111–1.441.438W1
2 Arizona Cardinals West1330.8134–210–2.477.457L1
3 Minnesota Vikings North1150.6885–18–4.504.449W3
4 Washington Redskins East970.5634–28–4.465.403W4
Wild Cards
5 [lower-alpha 1] Green Bay Packers North1060.6253–37–5.531.450L2
6 [lower-alpha 1] Seattle Seahawks West1060.6253–37–5.520.431W1
Did not qualify for the postseason
7 Atlanta Falcons South880.5001–55–7.480.453L1
8 [lower-alpha 2] St. Louis Rams West790.4384–26–6.527.482L1
9 [lower-alpha 2] Detroit Lions North790.4383–36–6.535.429W3
10 [lower-alpha 2] Philadelphia Eagles East790.4383–34–8.508.473W1
11 [lower-alpha 2] New Orleans Saints South790.4383–35–7.504.402W2
12 [lower-alpha 3] New York Giants East6100.3752–44–8.500.396L3
13 [lower-alpha 3] Chicago Bears North6100.3751–53–9.547.469L1
14 [lower-alpha 3] Tampa Bay Buccaneers South6100.3753–35–7.484.406L4
15 San Francisco 49ers West5110.3131–54–8.539.463W1
16 Dallas Cowboys East4120.2503–33–9.531.438L4
Tiebreakers [lower-alpha 4]
  1. 1 2 Green Bay finished ahead of Seattle based on head-to-head victory.
  2. 1 2 3 4 St. Louis and Detroit finished ahead of Philadelphia and New Orleans based on conference record. St. Louis finished ahead of Detroit based on head-to-head victory.
    Detroit finished ahead of Philadelphia and New Orleans based on head-to-head sweep, while Philadelphia finished ahead of New Orleans based on head-to-head victory.
  3. 1 2 3 The New York Giants and Chicago each finished ahead of Tampa Bay based on head-to-head victory, while the Giants finished ahead of Chicago based on conference record.
  4. When breaking ties for three or more teams under the NFL's rules, they are first broken within divisions, then comparing only the highest ranked remaining team from each division.


The 2015 playoffs opened with the Wild Card playoff round on the weekend of Saturday, January 9 and Sunday, January 10, 2016, with the winner of each of the games visiting the top two seeded teams in each conference. The Divisional round games were then played on the weekend of Saturday, January 16 and Sunday, January 17, 2016. The Conference championships were held on Sunday, January 24, 2016 with the AFC Championship Game and the NFC Championship Game.

The 2016 Pro Bowl was held on January 31, 2016 at the Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii. The game continued the "unconferenced/draft" format that was started in 2014, with Jerry Rice and Michael Irvin serving as the alumni captains. Team Irvin defeated Team Rice 49–27.

Super Bowl 50 decided the 2015 NFL Champion and was played at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California on Sunday, February 7, 2016. Instead of naming it Super Bowl L with Roman numerals like in previous Super Bowls, this game was marketed with the Arabic numeral "50". [2] According to Jaime Weston, the league's vice president of brand and creative, the primary reason was that the league's graphic designers had difficulty designing a suitable, aesthetically pleasing logo with only the Roman numeral "L". [2]

Playoffs bracket

Jan 10 – FedExField Jan 16 – University of Phoenix Stadium
5 Green Bay 35
5Green Bay20
4 Washington 18Jan 24 – Bank of America Stadium
2 Arizona 26*
Jan 10 – TCF Bank Stadium 2Arizona15
Jan 17 – Bank of America Stadium
6 Seattle 10NFC Championship
3 Minnesota 9Feb 7 – Levi's Stadium
1 Carolina 31
Wild Card playoffs
Divisional playoffs
Jan 9 – NRG Stadium N1Carolina10
Jan 16 – Gillette Stadium
5 Kansas City 30 Super Bowl 50
5Kansas City20
4 Houston 0Jan 24 – Sports Authority Field at Mile High
2 New England 27
Jan 9 – Paul Brown Stadium 2New England18
Jan 17 – Sports Authority Field at Mile High
6 Pittsburgh 18AFC Championship
3 Cincinnati 16
1 Denver 23

* Indicates overtime victory

Notable events

Some NFL-related events that made headlines in 2015 include:

Aftermath of Deflategate scandal

In May, after a lengthy investigation led by Ted Wells, the external investigator appointed by the NFL, the league levied its punishment against the Patriots in the so-called "Deflategate" scandal. The scandal stemmed from the discovery that several of the footballs used by the Patriots during the previous season's AFC championship game were not within the league's inflation guidelines. The Patriots were fined $1 million and stripped of their first-round selection in the 2016 NFL draft and their fourth-round selection in the 2017 NFL draft. Quarterback Tom Brady, who the league's report determined was likely aware of a scheme to manipulate inflation levels, was suspended for four games. Additionally, two locker room attendants employed by the Patriots were suspended indefinitely. [81]

While the team agreed not to appeal the fine and draft pick revocation, Brady appealed his suspension. League commissioner Roger Goodell heard the appeal and confirmed the sentence on July 28. Immediately upon the announcement of the appeal verdict, the league filed suit against the NFL Players Association in civil court in an effort to gain a ruling upholding the punishment. [82] Judge Richard M. Berman pushed the two sides hard to reach a settlement, but when they were unable to he ruled for Brady and the union vacating the suspension imposed by the league. Although the league appealed Judge Berman's ruling, Brady's suspension was lifted clearing the way for him to play in the season opener. [83] [84]

The two Patriots employees, assistant equipment manager John Jastremski and officials locker room attendant Jim McNally, who had previously been suspended by the team were allowed by the league to be reinstated in September. As a condition for the lifting of the suspensions, neither employee is allowed to be involved with the handling or preparation of game balls. [85]

Surprising retirements of several players

A number of relatively young NFL players walked away from the game prior to the 2015 season. The San Francisco 49ers lost three potential starters as linebackers Patrick Willis and Chris Borland and offensive tackle Anthony Davis all announced their retirements. Former Pittsburgh Steelers linebacker Jason Worilds and Tennessee Titans quarterback Jake Locker also both retired despite having yet to reach the age of 30.

Willis, who was regarded as one of the best middle linebackers in the league, played in just six games in 2014 as he dealt with a toe injury. He announced in March his decision to retire at age 30 due to the chronic nature of the foot injuries he had endured in his eight-year career. [86]

Borland led the 49ers with 107 tackles in his rookie season in 2014 despite starting just eight games after being selected in the third round of the 2014 draft. Borland cited concerns over the potential long-term impact to his brain health in continuing to play the game in announcing his retirement which he did in March just days after Willis' announcement. [87]

Davis missed four games in 2014 with his first diagnosed concussion. In announcing his retirement in June, he said that he planned to take "a year or so away from the NFL" to "allow my brain and body a chance to heal." [88]

Worilds was entering free agency after playing for the Steelers the previous five seasons. He turned down contract offers worth tens of millions of dollars in order to devote more time to his Jehovah's Witnesses faith. [89]

Locker played four years for the Titans after they made him the eighth overall selection in 2011 draft. He was a free agent when he announced that he would be retiring because he had lost "the burning desire necessary to play the game for a living." [90]

First female coach and on-field official

The 2015 season marked the hiring of the first female NFL coach and first female NFL on-field official. Jen Welter was hired by the Arizona Cardinals as a coaching intern. Welter worked with the team's inside linebackers through the off-season and pre-season. [91] Welter's internship with the Cardinals expired after the team's third preseason game on August 30. [92]

Sarah Thomas became the NFL's first female on-field official when she was hired by the league in April. [note 1] Thomas had previously become the first female to officiate a major college football game as well as the first to officiate a bowl game. [94]

Official suspended one game due to timekeeping gaffe

The NFL suspended side judge Rob Vernatchi (from Pete Morelli's crew) for Week 6 of the regular season due to a timekeeping blunder that occurred during a game the previous week. The host San Diego Chargers kicked a field goal to take a 3-point lead over the Pittsburgh Steelers with 2:56 remaining in the fourth quarter. The subsequent kickoff was a touchback, which shouldn't have resulted in any time coming off the game clock. However, when the Steelers took over on offense the scoreboard clock read 2:38. Vernatchi was responsible for keeping the official game time, but he did not notice the 18-second discrepancy. The Steelers ended up scoring a touchdown to secure a win with no time left on the clock. [95]

Referee crew demoted following questionable calls

The referee crew led by Pete Morelli had been assigned to officiate a Sunday Night Football game between the Indianapolis Colts and Pittsburgh Steelers in Week 13, but was reassigned to a different game (Philadelphia Eagles at New England Patriots), due to heavy criticism for questionable calls made during the previous week's Arizona CardinalsSan Francisco 49ers game. Morelli's crew drew the ire of Cardinals' head coach Bruce Arians and 49ers' safety Eric Reed, including a botched roughing-the-passer call on Cardinals' quarterback Carson Palmer that aided the Cardinals' eventual game-winning drive, as well as a missed delay-of-game penalty. Morelli's crew had previously been the subject of criticism, following a clock error during a Week 5 game – see above. [96] In addition, Morelli's crew was involved in a missed call at the end of the Jacksonville JaguarsBaltimore Ravens game in Week 10, where they missed a false start penalty against the Jaguars before the final snap that resulted in a facemask penalty against the Ravens when time expired, allowing the Jaguars to gain 15 yards and kick the game-winning field goal. [97]

Discipline for off-field incidents

A total of 26 players were suspended by the league as of the season's first week. Most of these suspensions were for violations of the league's performance-enhancing drug (PED), substance abuse and personal conduct policies. [98]

Browns GM suspended for texting scandal

Cleveland Browns general manager Ray Farmer was suspended by the league for the first four games of the 2015 season due to a texting scandal which occurred in 2014. The league found that Farmer had used a cellphone to communicate with personnel on the Browns' sideline "on multiple occasions during games" in violation of league rules which prohibit such communications. In addition to Farmer's suspension, the team was assessed a fine of $250,000. [99]

Falcons stripped of draft pick after being caught supplementing crowd noise

The league stripped the Atlanta Falcons of their selection in the fifth round of the 2016 draft after it was determined that they had been using pre-recorded crowd noise during the team's home games throughout 2013 and into 2014. In addition to losing the draft pick the franchise was fined $350,000 and team president Rich McKay was suspended from his post as chairman of the league's Competition Committee for three months starting in April. The team fired event marketing director Roddy White who they determined was directly responsible for the violation. [100] [101]

Bills suspend assistant coach Aaron Kromer after assault arrest

Buffalo Bills offensive line coach Aaron Kromer was suspended by the team for the first six weeks of the season after he was arrested for an altercation during which Kromer allegedly punched a teenager. The incident occurred in July near Kromer's home in Florida. Charges in the matter were eventually dropped. [102] [103] [104]

Browns assistant coach Andy Moeller suspended following an alleged domestic incident

Cleveland Browns offensive line coach Andy Moeller was suspended indefinitely by the Browns in September after in incident in which police were called to Moeller's house after a female houseguest alleged that Moeller physically assaulted her. [105] Prosecutors declined to press charges related to the incident despite their conclusion that "it is quite clear an incident of volatile nature took place." [106] On September 29, 2015, the Browns officially parted ways with Moeller. [107]

Records, milestones, and notable statistics

Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
Week 4
Week 5
Week 6
Week 7
Week 8
Week 9
Week 10
Week 12
Week 13
Week 14
Week 15
Week 16
Week 17
Divisional Round
Super Bowl 50

Regular season statistical leaders

Individual [175]
Scoring leader Stephen Gostkowski, New England (151)
Most field goals made Blair Walsh, Minnesota (34 FGs)
Touchdowns Doug Baldwin, Seattle, Devonta Freeman, Atlanta, Brandon Marshall, New York Jets and Allen Robinson, Jacksonville (14 TDs)
Rushing Adrian Peterson, Minnesota (1,485 yards)
Passing yards Drew Brees, New Orleans (4,870 yards)
Passing touchdowns Tom Brady, New England (36 TDs)
Passer rating Russell Wilson, Seattle (110.1 rating)
Pass receptions Antonio Brown, Pittsburgh and Julio Jones, Atlanta (136 catches)
Pass receiving yardsJulio Jones, Atlanta (1,871 yards)
Combined tackles NaVorro Bowman, San Francisco (154 tackles)
Interceptions Reggie Nelson, Cincinnati and Marcus Peters, Kansas (8)
Punting Johnny Hekker, Los Angeles (4,601 yards, 47.9 average yards)
Sacks J. J. Watt, Houston (17.5)


Individual season awards

The 5th Annual NFL Honors, saluting the best players and plays from 2015 season, was held at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco, California on February 6, 2016. [176]

AP Most Valuable Player Cam Newton Quarterback Carolina Panthers
AP Offensive Player of the Year Cam Newton Quarterback Carolina Panthers
AP Defensive Player of the Year J. J. Watt Defensive end Houston Texans
AP Coach of the Year Ron Rivera Coach Carolina Panthers
AP Assistant Coach of the Year Wade Phillips Defensive coordinator Denver Broncos
AP Offensive Rookie of the Year Todd Gurley Running back St. Louis Rams
AP Defensive Rookie of the Year Marcus Peters Cornerback Kansas City Chiefs
AP Comeback Player of the Year Eric Berry Safety Kansas City Chiefs
Pepsi Rookie of the Year Jameis Winston Quarterback Tampa Bay Buccaneers
Walter Payton NFL Man of the Year Anquan Boldin Wide receiver San Francisco 49ers
PFWA NFL Executive of the Year Mike Maccagnan General Manager New York Jets
Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Von Miller Linebacker Denver Broncos

All-Pro team

The following players were named First Team All-Pro by the Associated Press:

Quarterback Cam Newton, Carolina
Running back Adrian Peterson, Minnesota
Doug Martin, Tampa Bay
Fullback Mike Tolbert, Carolina
Wide receiver Antonio Brown, Pittsburgh
Julio Jones, Atlanta
Tight end Rob Gronkowski, New England
Offensive tackle Joe Thomas, Cleveland
Andrew Whitworth, Cincinnati
Offensive guard Marshal Yanda, Baltimore
David DeCastro, Pittsburgh
Center Ryan Kalil, Carolina
Defensive end J. J. Watt, Houston
Khalil Mack, Oakland
Defensive tackle Aaron Donald, St. Louis
Geno Atkins, Cincinnati
Outside linebacker Von Miller, Denver
Khalil Mack, Oakland
Thomas Davis, Carolina
Inside linebacker Luke Kuechly, Carolina
NaVorro Bowman, San Francisco
Cornerback Josh Norman, Carolina
Patrick Peterson, Arizona
Safety Tyrann Mathieu, Arizona
Eric Berry, Kansas City
Special teams
Placekicker Stephen Gostkowski, New England
Punter Johnny Hekker, St. Louis
Kick returner Tyler Lockett, Seattle

Players of the week/month

The following were named the top performers during the 2015 season:

Player of the Week/Month
Player of the Week/Month
Special Teams
Player of the Week/Month
1 Marcus Mariota [177]
Julio Jones [178]
Aqib Talib [177]
Aaron Donald [178]
Jarvis Landry [177]
Tavon Austin [178]
2 Ben Roethlisberger [179]
Larry Fitzgerald [180]
Darrelle Revis [179]
Sean Lee [180]
Travis Benjamin [179]
David Johnson [180]
3 A. J. Green [181]
Aaron Rodgers [182]
Preston Brown [181]
Tyrann Mathieu [182]
Pat McAfee [181]
Darren Sproles [182]
Sept. Tom Brady [183]
Julio Jones [184]
DeMarcus Ware [183]
Josh Norman [184]
Stephen Gostkowski [183]
Tyler Lockett [184]
4 Philip Rivers [185]
Drew Brees [186]
T. J. Ward [185]
Josh Norman [186]
Justin Tucker [185]
Robbie Gould [186]
5 Josh McCown [187]
Eli Manning [188]
Mike Adams [187]
Fletcher Cox [188]
Mike Nugent [187]
Bobby Rainey [188]
6 DeAndre Hopkins [189]
Calvin Johnson [190]
Cameron Wake [189]
Kawann Short [190]
Chris Boswell [189]
Michael Mauti [190]
7 Ryan Tannehill [191]
Kirk Cousins [192]
Telvin Smith [191]
Michael Bennett [192]
Stephen Gostkowski [191]
Dwayne Harris [192]
Oct. Andy Dalton [193]
Devonta Freeman [194]
Charles Woodson [193]
Kawann Short [194]
Brandon McManus [193]
Johnny Hekker [194]
8Tom Brady [195]
Drew Brees [196]
Derek Wolfe [195]
Kwon Alexander [196]
Justin Tucker [195]
Marcus Sherels [196]
9Marcus Mariota [197]
Cam Newton [198]
Darius Butler [197]
Linval Joseph [198]
Ryan Quigley [197]
Josh Brown [198]
10Ben Roethlisberger [199]
Kirk Cousins [200]
Bacarri Rambo [199]
Terence Newman [200]
Stephen Gostkowski [199]
Ameer Abdullah [200]
11 Brock Osweiler [201]
Cam Newton [202]
J. J. Watt [201]
Lavonte David [202]
Dustin Colquitt [201]
Mason Crosby [202]
12 C. J. Anderson [203]
Russell Wilson [204]
Leon Hall [203]
Luke Kuechly [204]
Will Hill [203]
Sam Martin [204]
Nov. Antonio Brown [205]
Adrian Peterson [206]
J. J. Watt [205]
Tyrann Mathieu [206]
Adam Vinatieri [205]
Graham Gano [206]
13 Brandon Marshall [207]
Cam Newton [208]
Tyvon Branch [207]
Malcolm Jenkins [208]
Antonio Brown [207]
Dan Bailey [208]
14 Ryan Fitzpatrick [209]
Eli Manning [210]
Khalil Mack [209]
Aaron Donald [210]
Rashad Greene [209]
Chandler Catanzaro [210]
15Antonio Brown [211]
Cam Newton [211]
Marcus Peters [211]
Deone Bucannon [211]
Carlos Dunlap [211]
Benny Cunningham [211]
16Ryan Fitzpatrick [212]
Julio Jones [212]
Robert Mathis [212]
Dwight Freeney [212]
Marquette King [212]
Blair Walsh [212]
Dec.Antonio Brown [213]
Kirk Cousins [213]
Whitney Mercilus [213]
Kawann Short [213]
Chris Boswell [213]
Tyler Lockett [213]
17 Ronnie Hillman [214]
Cam Newton [214]
J. J. Watt [214]
Everson Griffen [214]
D. J. Alexander [214]
Tyler Lockett [214]
WeekFedEx Air
Player of the Week [215]
FedEx Ground
Player of the Week [215]
(Running Backs)
Pepsi Next
Rookie of the Week [216]
Castrol Edge
Clutch Performer
of the Week [217]
1 Philip Rivers
Carlos Hyde
Marcus Mariota
Tony Romo
2 Tom Brady
Matt Jones
Jameis Winston
Derek Carr
3 Aaron Rodgers
Devonta Freeman
Kwon Alexander
Julio Jones
4Philip Rivers
Chris Ivory
Todd Gurley
Kam Chancellor
5 Eli Manning
Doug Martin
Jameis Winston
Tyrod Taylor
6Philip Rivers
Chris Ivory
Stefon Diggs
Damarious Randall
7 Ryan Tannehill
Lamar Miller
Amari Cooper
Tom Brady
8 Drew Brees
Todd Gurley
Kwon Alexander
Drew Brees
9Marcus Mariota
DeAngelo Williams
Amari Cooper
Antonio Brown
10 Ben Roethlisberger
Adrian Peterson
Mario Edwards Jr.
Stephen Gostkowski
11Jameis Winston
Doug Martin
Jameis Winston
Aaron Rodgers
12 Russell Wilson
Adrian Peterson
Amari Cooper
Derek Carr
13Ben Roethlisberger
DeAngelo Williams
Thomas Rawls
Jameis Winston
14Russell Wilson
Eddie Lacy
Tyler Lockett
Khalil Mack
15Ben Roethlisberger
David Johnson
Amari Cooper
Antonio Brown
16Drew Brees
Tim Hightower
Preston Smith
Ryan Fitzpatrick
17Ryan Tannehill
Rashad Jennings
Tyler Lockett
Peyton Manning
MonthRookie of the Month
Sept. Marcus Mariota [218]
Ronald Darby [218]
Oct. Todd Gurley [219]
Eric Kendricks [219]
Nov. Jameis Winston [220]
Damarious Randall [220]
Dec. David Johnson [213]
Marcus Peters [213]

Head coach/front office personnel changes

Head coach


Team2014 head coach2014 interim head coachReason for leaving2015 replacementStory/Accomplishments
Atlanta Falcons Mike Smith Fired Dan Quinn Smith compiled a record of 67–50 (.573), including the postseason, in seven seasons with the Falcons. He is the only coach to lead the franchise to consecutive winning seasons and consecutive playoff berths. [221]

Quinn, who never held a head coaching position prior to 2015, had served as defensive coordinator for the Seattle Seahawks. Due to league anti-tampering rules, the Falcons had to wait until after the completion of the Seahawks' playoff run, before formally hiring Quinn. [222]

Buffalo Bills Doug Marrone Resigned Rex Ryan Marrone compiled a record of 15–17 (.469) in two seasons with the Bills and resigned on December 31, 2014. [223] His tenure was marked by the team's first winning season since 2004 but also by tensions with general manager Doug Whaley and players, especially Mike Williams, who requested a trade during the season. Marrone's contract had an opt-out clause which allowed him to resign his position within three days of the end of the season and still collect his full salary for the rest of the contract (he had one year remaining) if the team changed ownership which it did when the Bills were sold to the Pegula family in September. Marrone joined the Jacksonville Jaguars as offensive line coach. [224]

On January 12, 2015, the Bills hired Rex Ryan as their head coach. Ryan had spent the previous six seasons as head coach of the New York Jets. [225]

Chicago Bears Marc Trestman Fired John Fox Trestman compiled a record of 13–19 (.406) in two seasons with the Bears, and had finished the 2014 season with a 5–11 record. He and general manager Phil Emery were both dismissed on December 29, 2014. [226] Trestman then became offensive coordinator for the Baltimore Ravens. [227]

Fox was hired on January 16, 2015 to become the head coach. Fox spent the past 4 seasons as the head coach of the Denver Broncos. [228]

Denver Broncos John Fox Mutual decision Gary Kubiak In four seasons with the Broncos, Fox compiled a record of 49–22 (.690) including postseason games, won his division all four seasons, and appeared in Super Bowl XLVIII, but was bounced from the playoffs in the divisional round the other three years. By mutual agreement, Fox left the team on January 12, 2015, following the most recent divisional playoff loss. [229]

Kubiak was hired on January 19, 2015 to become the head coach. Kubiak, formerly head coach of the Houston Texans from 2006 to 2013, spent the past season as the offensive coordinator of the Baltimore Ravens. [230]

New York Jets Rex Ryan Fired Todd Bowles Ryan compiled a record of 50–52 (.490), including postseason games, in six seasons as head coach of the Jets. Ryan led the Jets to two AFC Championship Game appearances in his first two seasons, losing both, but failed to earn a winning season or playoff berth in his last four. He and general manager John Idzik, Jr. were both dismissed on December 29, 2014. [231]

Bowles was hired on January 14, 2015, to become their head coach after serving as defensive coordinator for Arizona Cardinals since 2013; he previously served as interim head coach of the Miami Dolphins in 2011. [232]

Oakland Raiders Dennis Allen Tony Sparano Fired Jack Del Rio Allen was fired on September 29, 2014 after an 8–28 (.222) record as Raiders head coach, and an 0–4 start to the 2014 season. [233] Allen joined the staff of the New Orleans Saints for the 2015 season. [234]

Sparano, formerly head coach of the Miami Dolphins, finished the season as interim head coach, compiling a record of 3–9. [235] He then became tight ends coach for the San Francisco 49ers. [236]

Jack Del Rio was hired on January 14, 2015, to become their head coach after serving as defensive coordinator for Denver Broncos since 2012; he previously served as head coach of the Jacksonville Jaguars from 2003 to 2011. [237]

San Francisco 49ers Jim Harbaugh Mutually Part Ways Jim Tomsula Harbaugh compiled a record of 49–22–1 (.688), including postseason games, in four seasons with the 49ers, and led the team to three NFC Championship Game appearances and a berth in Super Bowl XLVII. After a mediocre 8–8 season in 2014 (the first time his team did not make the playoffs) and amid tensions between Harbaugh and the 49ers front office, Harbaugh left to become head coach at his college alma mater, the University of Michigan. [238]

On January 14, 2015, Jim Tomsula was promoted to head coach after serving as defensive line coach with the team since 2007; it is his second time at the helm, as he previously served as the 49ers' interim head coach for one game, after Mike Singletary's firing in 2010. [239]


Team2015 head coachReason for leavingInterim replacementStory/Accomplishments
Miami Dolphins Joe Philbin Fired Dan Campbell Philbin compiled a record of 24–28 (.462), with no playoff appearances, in 3¼ seasons as head coach of the Dolphins. The Dolphins were expected to be contenders for a playoff position in 2015 but grossly underachieved, starting the season 1–3, which led to Philbin's firing. Campbell, the team's tight ends coach, took over for the rest of the season. [240]
Tennessee Titans Ken Whisenhunt Mike Mularkey Whisenhunt compiled a record of 3–20 (.130), with no playoff appearances, in 1½ seasons as head coach of the Titans. After an impressive opening day win, the Titans lost six straight, resulting in Whisenhunt's dismissal. Mularkey, the team's tight ends coach, took over as interim head coach. Mularkey's previous head coaching experience includes two seasons with the Buffalo Bills (2004–05) and one season with the Jacksonville Jaguars (2012). [241]
Philadelphia Eagles Chip Kelly Pat Shurmur Kelly compiled a record of 26–21 (.553) in almost three years with the Eagles. He led the team to the playoffs in 2013, but lost in the Wild Card. He was fired from both his head coach and de facto general manager positions when the team, after its ninth loss of the season, was eliminated from postseason contention with one game remaining on the schedule. Shurmur, the Eagles' offensive coordinator, filled in as head coach for the team's last game; he previously coached the Cleveland Browns from 2011 to 2012. [242]

Front office


TeamPosition2014 office holderReason for leaving2015 replacementStory/Accomplishments
New York Jets GM John Idzik Fired Mike Maccagnan Idzik was fired after two seasons with the New York Jets. [231] He then joined the staff of the Jacksonville Jaguars as a consultant. [243]

On January 13, 2015, the Jets hired Maccagnan as new general manager of the team. He was the director of college scouting for the Houston Texans prior to his hiring. [244]

Chicago Bears GM Phil Emery Ryan Pace Emery was fired after three seasons in Chicago. [245]

Pace was hired on January 8, 2015, after serving as the director of player personnel with the Saints since 2013. [246]

Philadelphia Eagles EVP-FO Tom Gamble Howie Roseman Roseman, who served as General Manager of the Eagles from 2010 to 2014, was promoted up to Executive Vice President of Football Operations. The General Manager position Roseman leaves behind remained unfilled, and head coach Chip Kelly fulfilled the duties of that position until his Week 16 firing. [247]


TeamPosition2015 office holderReason for leaving2015 replacementStory/Accomplishments
Detroit Lions GM Martin Mayhew Fired Sheldon White (interim)After starting the season 1–6, the Lions fired offensive coordinator Joe Lombardi. One week later, after another loss to the Kansas City Chiefs, owner Martha Firestone Ford fired Mayhew and Lewland. [248]
President Tom Lewand Rod Wood
Philadelphia Eagles VP- Player PersonnelEd Marynowitz Tom Donahoe Vice President of Player Personnel Ed Marynowitz was fired alongside Head Coach Chip Kelly on December 29, 2015. [249] Donahoe last served as president and general manager of the Buffalo Bills from 2001 to 2005 but has largely been out of football in the ten years since his firing from that position.
GM (de facto)Chip Kelly Howie Roseman Roseman, who carried the title of "executive vice president of football operations" while Kelly handled general manager duties in 2015, reverted to his previous general manager duties after Kelly's firing.


Tennessee Titans' venue renamed Nissan Stadium

The stadium in Nashville where the Tennessee Titans play their home games was renamed Nissan Stadium in an agreement with automobile manufacturer Nissan. Though financial terms remain undisclosed, the naming rights deal is expected to last for twenty years. Nissan operates two plants in Tennessee and is one of middle Tennessee's largest employers. Since 2006, the facility had been branded as "LP Field," under a naming rights agreement with Nashville-based building materials manufacturer Louisiana-Pacific. This is the third name change for the venue since its 1999 opening. [250]

Minnesota Vikings last season at TCF Bank Stadium

The Minnesota Vikings played at TCF Bank Stadium on the University of Minnesota campus in Minneapolis for the second straight season. [251] The Vikings arranged to play there for two years after their former home, the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, was closed after the 2013 season and demolished so U.S. Bank Stadium, their new stadium, could be built on the site. [252] In August, a construction worker who was working on the new stadium died in a fall from the structure's roof. [253]

NRG Stadium Convert to Turf

NRG Stadium, home of the Houston Texans, converted from a natural grass field to an artificial turf field after week 1. Despite various attempts to improve field conditions, players from both the Texans and the visiting Kansas City Chiefs complained of poor field conditions in their week 1 game. The decision to convert was made 5 days later, and the turf field was installed in time for the Texans next home game against Tampa Bay in Week 3. [254]

NFL relocation candidates

Oakland Raiders

The team's lease at the Oakland Coliseum expired after the 2013 season, and the Raiders after that point became tenants of the Coliseum on a year-to-year basis. [255]

San Antonio

On July 29, 2014, reports surfaced that the Oakland Raiders might consider relocating to San Antonio in 2015 after owner Mark Davis met with San Antonio civic leaders the week before at the encouragement of former Raider Cliff Branch, whom Davis was in town to visit for a local ceremony for Branch. The Raiders themselves acknowledged Davis being in San Antonio for the event for Branch before news broke about a possible relocation, but would not confirm nor deny that Davis also mentioned being there discussing moving his team east. [256] Among the two existing NFL teams in Texas, Houston Texans' then-owner Bob McNair and Dallas Cowboys' owner Jerry Jones—the latter of which has San Antonio as part of his territorial rights and previously voiced support of an NFL team moving there when the New Orleans Saints temporarily played in San Antonio in 2005 due to damages to the Superdome following Hurricane Katrina – both favored an NFL team playing in San Antonio. [257]

On September 3, 2014, the city of Oakland reached a tentative deal to build a new football stadium in Oakland, which would have resulted in the Coliseum being demolished; Davis did not respond to the proposal, which would have also forced the Oakland Athletics to build a new stadium of their own (which they did not agree to do), while Alameda County (then co-owners of the coliseum) indicated they would probably not have supported the plan. [258] Davis, in the meantime, had team officials scout the Alamodome to determine if it would be suitable for the NFL. [259]

Shared stadium with the Chargers in Los Angeles

On February 19, 2015, the Oakland Raiders and San Diego Chargers announced plans for a privately financed $1.7 billion stadium that the two teams would build in Carson, California, if they were to move to the Los Angeles market. [260] Such a move would have marked a return to the nation's second-largest market for both teams; the Raiders played in Los Angeles from 1982 to 1994 while the Chargers called LA home for their inaugural season in the American Football League. The Chargers were at the time the only NFL team to play in Southern California, with San Diego being a 125-mile (201 km) distance from Los Angeles and had Los Angeles as a secondary market. The Chargers had been looking to replace Qualcomm Stadium (which, like the O.co Coliseum opened in the late 1960s) since at least 2003, and had an annual out clause in which it could move in exchange for paying a fine to the city of San Diego for its remaining years on its lease.

Due to television contracts, NFL bylaws, and being in the same division if both of the longstanding division rivals moved to Los Angeles, one of the teams would have had to move to the National Football Conference and the NFC West, something that Mark Davis volunteered the Raiders to be willing to do. The Raiders' move to the National Football Conference and the NFC West would have been considered ironic because Davis's father Al Davis was a staunch opponent of the NFL during its rivalry and eventual merger with the AFL. If such a realignment had occurred, one of the existing NFC West teams would have taken their spot in the AFC West. The early rumor was that the Seattle Seahawks, who played in the AFC West from 1977 to 2001, would have been the favorite to switch conferences with the Raiders. However, that team's then growing rivalry with the San Francisco 49ers (who are assured of staying in the NFC West) pointed to either the Arizona Cardinals or the St. Louis Rams (if the latter had stayed in St. Louis) moving to the AFC West to take the Raiders' spot. If the Rams stayed in St. Louis, switching them to the AFC would have allowed for a yearly home-and-home with the cross-state Kansas City Chiefs. [261]

On October 23, 2015, Chargers spokesperson Mark Fabiani confirmed that the team planned to officially notify the NFL about its intentions to relocate to Los Angeles in January during the timetable for when teams can request to relocate. [262]

St. Louis Rams

The Rams and the St. Louis CVC (Convention & Visitors Commission) began negotiating deals to get the Rams' home stadium, the Edward Jones Dome, into the top 25 percent of stadiums in the league (i.e., top eight teams of the thirty-two NFL teams in reference to luxury boxes, amenities and overall fan experience). Under the terms of the lease agreement, the St. Louis CVC was required to make modifications to the Edward Jones Dome in 2005. However, then-owner Georgia Frontiere waived the provision in exchange for cash that served as a penalty for the city's noncompliance. The City of St. Louis, in subsequent years, made changes to the scoreboard and increased the natural lighting by replacing panels with windows, although the overall feel remained dark. The minor renovations which totaled about $70 million did not bring the stadium within the specifications required under the lease agreement. On February 1, 2013, an arbitrator (3 panel) selected to preside over the arbitration process found that the Edward Jones Dome was not in the top 25% of all NFL venues as required under the terms of the lease agreement between the Rams and the CVC. The arbitrator further found that the estimated $700 million in proposed renovations by the Rams was not unreasonable given the terms of the lease agreement. Finally, the City of St. Louis was Ordered to pay the Rams attorneys' fees which totaled a reported $2 million.

Publicly, city, county and state officials expressed no interest in providing further funding to the Edward Jones Dome in light of those entities, as well as taxpayers, continuing to owe approximately $300 million more on that facility. As such, if a resolution was not reached by the end of the 2014–15 NFL season and the City of St. Louis remained non-compliant in its obligations under the lease agreement, the Rams were free to nullify their lease and relocate.

On January 31, 2014, both the Los Angeles Times and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that Rams owner Stan Kroenke had purchased 60 acres of land adjacent to the Forum in Inglewood, Los Angeles County, California. It was, by the most conservative estimates, sufficient land on which an NFL-proper stadium could be constructed. The purchase price was rumored to have been US$90–100 million. Commissioner Roger Goodell represented that Kroenke informed the league of the purchase. As an NFL owner, any purchase of land in which a potential stadium could be built must be disclosed to the league. This development further fueled rumors that the Rams intended to return its management and football operations to Southern California. The land was initially targeted for a Walmart Supercenter but Walmart could not get the necessary permits to build the center. Kroenke is married to Ann Walton Kroenke, who is a member of the Walton family and many of Kroenke's real estate deals have involved Walmart properties. [263] [264] [265] On January 5, 2015, The Los Angeles Times reported that Kroenke Sports & Entertainment and Stockbridge Capital Group were partnering to develop a new NFL stadium owned by Kroenke. The project included a stadium of up to 80,000 seats and a performance venue of 6,000 seats while reconfiguring the previously approved Hollywood Park plan for up to 890,000 square feet of retail, 780,000 square feet of office space, 2,500 new residential units, a 300-room hotel and 25 acres of public parks, playgrounds, open space and pedestrian and bicycle access. In lieu of this the city of St. Louis responded on January 9, 2015, by unveiling an outdoor, open-air, riverfront stadium that could accommodate the Rams and an MLS team with the hopes that the NFL bylaws would force them to stay. On February 24, 2015, the Inglewood City Council approved the stadium and the initiative with construction on the stadium beginning in December 2015.

With the Chargers, Raiders and Rams proposing their own stadiums as part of their Los Angeles relocation contingency plans, the proposed Farmers Field project was permanently scrapped in March 2015. [266] Farmers Field was a proposal from Anschutz Entertainment Group to lure an NFL team to Los Angeles by promising a new stadium, but AEG placed restrictions on any relocation that the rest of the league found unacceptable, and the project had lain dormant since 2012. [267]

Super Bowl 50 promotion

To mark the 50th Super Bowl, various gold-themed promotions and initiatives were held during the 2015 season, including gold-tinted logos across all NFL properties, the numbering of the 50-yard line on fields being painted in gold, sideline jackets and hats featuring gold-trimmed logos from week 7 onward, and Pro Bowl jersey designs incorporating gold numbering. Gold footballs were given to each high school that has had a player or coach appear in the Super Bowl, and "homecoming" events were held by teams at games. [268] [1]

Through their first two home games, the Oakland Raiders declined to participate in the use of gold paint to mark the 50-yard line. On September 22, Sports Business Daily reported that NFL VP/Communications Brian McCarthy stated it was because the Oakland Athletics were still playing at the O.co Coliseum (the only stadium that is still shared by both an NFL team and a Major League Baseball team, which forces the Raiders to play on its dirt infield until the baseball season concludes), but the Coliseum's General Manager Chris Wright responded by saying that the Raiders told him not to apply the gold marks for the remaining regular season games. [269] One day later, Raiders owner Mark Davis confirmed that the gold markings would be used after the conclusion of the Athletics season, boasting that because they had appeared in five of them, "nobody respects the Super Bowl more than Raiders". [270]

New uniforms and patches

After it had been leaked months before by the Packers that both teams were allowed to wear their colored jerseys for Thursday Night Football contests, [271] on October 30, 2015, the NFL announced "Color Rush," a series of four Thursday contests in which all eight teams will wear one-time, specially designed and monochromatic alternate uniforms. [272] The Carolina Panthers and Tennessee Titans wore their regular alternate uniforms (with the Panthers debuting "Carolina blue" pants), while the Dallas Cowboys revived their white "Double Star" uniforms from the mid-1990s (while debuting white pants) and the St. Louis Rams wore a gold version of their 1973–99 throwbacks for the games. The other four teams involved (Buffalo Bills, Jacksonville Jaguars, New York Jets, and Tampa Bay Buccaneers) wore all-new uniforms for the games. The November 12 game between the Bills and Jets was particularly problematic, with the Bills' all-red uniforms (the first time the team has ever worn a red jersey on the field) and the Jets' kelly green outfits being indistinguishable to those with color blindness. [273]


This was the second season under the league's broadcast contracts with its television partners. On May 12, 2015, it was announced that ABC would simulcast ESPN's wildcard game, marking the first time that ABC broadcast any NFL game in nearly 10 years. [287] ESPN also continued to carry Monday Night Football and the Pro Bowl. NBC continued to air Sunday Night Football, the annual Kickoff game, and the primetime Thanksgiving game. This was also the second year that included "cross-flexing" (switching) Sunday afternoon games between CBS and Fox before or during the season, regardless of whether the visiting team is in the AFC (which CBS normally airs) or the NFC (which is normally carried by Fox).

After its successful inaugural season under the arrangement, the NFL extended CBS's contract for Thursday Night Football into the 2015 season; as with the previous season, CBS produced all games, and the first seven games (weeks 2-7), as well as week 13, were broadcast by the CBS network. All games, including those not aired by CBS, were broadcast by NFL Network. [288] The package also included one Saturday game in Week 15 and one in Week 16, both exclusive to NFL Network

Under a new eight-year deal, DirecTV continued to be the exclusive distributor of the NFL Sunday Ticket service. [289] [290]

Fox expanded its pre-game coverage by moving Fox NFL Kickoff to the main Fox network from Fox Sports 1, serving as a lead-in to Fox NFL Sunday . [291]

On March 23, 2015, league owners voted to, as an experiment, suspend the NFL's blackout rules for the 2015 season; no games were blacked out in their home markets because of insufficient ticket sales. These moves came after the Federal Communications Commission's September 2014 decision to stop enforcing blackout rules on terrestrial television stations, and the fact that, ultimately, no games were blacked out at all during the 2014 season. [292]

The NFL also experimented with online streaming as part of the International Series game between the Jacksonville Jaguars and Buffalo Bills. The game was streamed worldwide by Yahoo!, who handled hosting, promotion, and advertising sales for the stream, while CBS produced the telecast. [293] The game only aired on television in the team's home markets (in accordance with NFL policies), as well as in the United Kingdom on BBC Two and Sky Sports, and in China. [294] Brian Rolapp, the league's executive vice president of media, explained that the experiment was part of the NFL's efforts to attempt alternative distribution models for games, such as those that would appeal to viewers who do not subscribe to pay television. [293] [295] Yahoo! was reported to have paid $15 million for the rights fees, plus an additional $2 million "marketing fee," and beat out Amazon.com, Twitter, and YouTube—some of whom had made higher bids but would have planned to place the broadcast behind a paywall, which the league resisted. [296]

The NFL entered into a social media partnership with Snapchat to present live stories with behind-the-scenes and fan perspectives from selected games. [297]

Television viewers and ratings

Most watched regular season games

RankDateMatchupNetworkViewers (millions)TV rating [298] WindowSignificance
1November 26, 4:30 ET Carolina Panthers 33 Dallas Cowboys 14 CBS 32.514.3 Thanksgiving
2November 1, 4:25 ET Seattle Seahawks 13 Dallas Cowboys 12 Fox 29.417Late DH
3December 13, 4:25 ET Dallas Cowboys 7 Green Bay Packers 2828.916.5Late DH Cowboys–Packers Rivalry
2014 NFC Divisional Round rematch
4December 6, 4:25 ET Carolina Panthers 41 New Orleans Saints 3828.616.3Late DH [a]
5November 15, 4:25 ET New England Patriots 27 New York Giants 26 CBS 28.316.3Late DH [b] Super Bowl XLVI rematch
6November 26, 8:30 ET Chicago Bears 17 Green Bay Packers 13 NBC 27.813.8 SNF Bears–Packers rivalry
7December 27, 4:25 ET Green Bay Packers 8 Arizona Cardinals 38 Fox 27.815.5Late DH [c]
8November 22, 4:25 ET Green Bay Packers 30 Minnesota Vikings 1327.416.2Late DH [d] Packers–Vikings rivalry
9September 10, 8:30 ET Pittsburgh Steelers 21 New England Patriots 28 NBC 27.416.2 Kickoff Game Patriots–Steelers rivalry
10September 20, 4:25 ET Dallas Cowboys 20 Philadelphia Eagles 10 Fox 27.215.5Late DH Cowboys–Eagles rivalry

*Note – Late DH matchups listed in table are the matchups that were shown to the largest percentage of the market.

  1. ^ CAR/NO was shown to 61% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
  2. ^ NE/NYG was shown to 66% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of CBS coverage.
  3. ^ GB/ARI was shown to 92% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
  4. ^ GB/MIN was shown to 89% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.

Playoff games

RankGameDateMatchupNetworkViewers (millions)TV Rating [298]
1 Super Bowl 50 February 7, 2016, 6:30 ET Carolina Panthers 10 Denver Broncos 24 CBS 111.946.6
2 AFC Championship January 24, 2016, 3:05 ET New England Patriots 18 Denver Broncos 2053.331.7
3 NFC Championship January 24, 2016, 6:40 ET Arizona Cardinals 15 Carolina Panthers 49 Fox 45.726.8
4 Divisional Round January 17, 2016, 4:40 ET Pittsburgh Steelers 16 Denver Broncos 23 CBS 43.026.2
5 Wild Card Round January 10, 2016, 4:40 ET Green Bay Packers 35 Washington Redskins 18 Fox 38.823.6
6 Divisional Round January 17, 2016, 1:05 ET Seattle Seahawks 24 Carolina Panthers 3136.723.1
7 Wild Card Round January 10, 2016, 1:05 ET Seattle Seahawks 10 Minnesota Vikings 9 NBC 35.322.5
8 Divisional Round January 16, 2016 8:15 ET Green Bay Packers 20 Arizona Cardinals 2633.720.3
9 Divisional Round January 16, 2016, 4:35 ET Kansas City Chiefs 20 New England Patriots 27 CBS 31.519.7
10 Wild Card Round January 9, 2016, 8:15 ET Pittsburgh Steelers 18 Cincinnati Bengals 1631.219.2
11 Wild Card Round January 9, 2016, 4:20 ET Kansas City Chiefs 30 Houston Texans 0 ESPN/ABC 25.116.2


  1. 1 2 Shannon Eastin was the first woman to officiate an NFL game as a temporary non-union official during the 2012 NFL referee lockout. [93]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">American Football Conference</span> One of two conferences in the National Football League

The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL), the highest professional level of American football in the United States. The AFC and its counterpart, the National Football Conference (NFC), each contain 16 teams with 4 divisions. Both conferences were created as part of the 1970 merger between the National Football League, and the American Football League (AFL). All ten of the AFL teams, and three NFL teams, became members of the new AFC, with the remaining thirteen NFL teams forming the NFC. A series of league expansions and division realignments have occurred since the merger, thus making the current total of 16 teams in each conference. The current AFC champions are the Cincinnati Bengals, who defeated the Kansas City Chiefs in the 2022 AFC Championship Game for their third conference championship, and their first since 1988.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Denver Broncos</span> National Football League franchise in Denver, Colorado

The Denver Broncos are a professional American football franchise based in Denver. The Broncos compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) West division. The team is headquartered in Dove Valley, Colorado.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Super Bowl</span> National Football League championship game

The Super Bowl is the annual final playoff game of the National Football League (NFL) to determine the league champion. It has served as the final game of every NFL season since 1966, replacing the NFL Championship Game. Since 2022, the game is played on the second Sunday in February. Prior Super Bowls were played on Sundays in early to mid-January from 1967 to 1978, late January from 1979 to 2003, and the first Sunday of February from 2004 to 2021. Winning teams are awarded the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named for the coach who won the first two Super Bowls. Due to the NFL restricting use of its "Super Bowl" trademark, it is frequently referred to as the "big game" or other generic terms by non-sponsoring corporations. The day the game is played is often referred to as "Super Bowl Sunday" or simply "Super Sunday".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pro Bowl</span> All-star event of the National Football League (NFL)

The National Football League All-Star Game (1939–1942), Pro Bowl (1951–2022), or Pro Bowl Games is an annual event held by the National Football League (NFL) featuring the league's star players.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Brady</span> American football player (born 1977)

Thomas Edward Patrick Brady Jr. is an American football quarterback for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL). He spent his first 20 seasons with the New England Patriots organization, with which he was a central contributor to the franchise's dynasty from 2001 to 2019. Brady is widely regarded as the greatest quarterback of all time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rich Gannon</span> American football player (born 1965)

Richard Joseph Gannon is an American former football quarterback who played 18 seasons in the National Football League (NFL). Subsequently, he was a sports commentator with CBS Sports for 16 years.

The 1995 NFL season was the 76th regular season of the National Football League. The league expanded to 30 teams with the addition of the Carolina Panthers and the Jacksonville Jaguars. The two expansion teams were slotted into the two remaining divisions that previously had only four teams : the AFC Central (Jaguars) and the NFC West (Panthers).

The 1993 NFL season was the 74th regular season of the National Football League. It was the only season in league history where all NFL teams were originally scheduled to play their 16-game schedule over a span of 18 weeks and did so, where all of the Week 2 scheduled games were moved to an 18th week and the entire postseason was delayed by 7 days before starting). After the success of expanding the regular season to a period of 17 weeks in 1990, the league hoped this new schedule would generate even more revenue. This was also done to avoid scheduling playoff games on January 1 and competing with college football bowl games. The NFL's teams, however, felt that having two weeks off during the regular season was too disruptive for their weekly routines, and thus the regular season reverted to 17 weeks immediately after the season ended. 2021 marked the first season where an 18-week schedule would include 17 regular-season games.

The 1991 NFL season was the 72nd regular season of the National Football League. It was the final season for coach Chuck Noll. The season ended with Super Bowl XXVI when the Washington Redskins defeated the Buffalo Bills, 37–24, at the Metrodome in Minnesota. This was the second of four consecutive Super Bowl losses for Buffalo.

The 2010 NFL season was the 91st regular season of the National Football League and the 45th of the Super Bowl era.

The history of the Denver Broncos American football club began when the team was chartered a member of the American Football League in 1960. The Broncos have played in the city of Denver, Colorado throughout their entire history. The Broncos did not win any titles as members of the AFL. Since the 1970 AFL–NFL merger, the Broncos have won 15 division titles, and played in eight Super Bowls, following the 1977, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2013, and 2015 seasons. They won Super Bowl XXXII, Super Bowl XXXIII and Super Bowl 50. Their most famous player is former quarterback John Elway, starting quarterback in five Super Bowls and holder of many NFL records. The Broncos currently play in the National Football League's AFC West division.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2009 NFL season</span> 2009 National Football League season

The 2009 NFL season was the 90th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL). The 50th anniversary of the original eight charter members of the American Football League was celebrated during this season.

The 2011 NFL season was the 92nd regular season of the National Football League and the 46th of the Super Bowl era. It began on Thursday, September 8, 2011, with the Super Bowl XLV champion Green Bay defeating the Super Bowl XLIV champion New Orleans at Lambeau Field and ended with Super Bowl XLVI, the league's championship game, on February 5, 2012, at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis where the New York Giants defeated the New England Patriots.

The 2012 NFL season was the 93rd season of the National Football League and the 47th of the Super Bowl era. It began on Wednesday, September 5, 2012, with the defending Super Bowl XLVI champion New York Giants falling to the Dallas Cowboys in the 2012 NFL Kickoff game at MetLife Stadium, and ended with Super Bowl XLVII, the league's championship game, on Sunday, February 3, 2013, at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, with the Jim Harbaugh-coached San Francisco 49ers facing the John Harbaugh-coached Baltimore Ravens. The Ravens won the game, which marked the first time two brothers were head coaches for opposing teams in the championship game.

The 2013 NFL season was the 94th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL) and the 48th of the Super Bowl era. The season saw the Seattle Seahawks capture the first championship in the franchise's 38 years in the league with a lopsided victory over the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XLVIII, the league's championship game. The Super Bowl was played at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, on Sunday, February 2, 2014. It was the first Super Bowl hosted by New Jersey and the first to be held outdoors in a cold weather environment. The Seahawks scored 12 seconds into the game and held the lead the rest of the way on the back of their Legion of Boom defense.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brock Osweiler</span> American football player (born 1990)

Brock Alan Osweiler is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for seven seasons. He played college football at Arizona State and was selected by the Denver Broncos in the second round of the 2012 NFL Draft. Osweiler first served as the Broncos' starter during their Super Bowl-winning season in 2015 when he relieved an injured Peyton Manning, although Manning resumed his starting duties for the playoffs and eventual Super Bowl 50 victory. After the Super Bowl, Osweiler became the starting quarterback for the Houston Texans, but an unsuccessful 2016 campaign resulted in his tenure lasting only one season. He returned to Denver the following season in a backup role and played his final season as a backup with the Miami Dolphins.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chandler Jones</span> American football player (born 1990)

Chandler James Jones is an American football defensive end for the Las Vegas Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Syracuse, and was selected by the New England Patriots in the first round of the 2012 NFL Draft. He has also played for the Arizona Cardinals.

The 2016 NFL season was the 97th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL) and the 51st of the Super Bowl era. The season began on September 8, 2016, with defending Super Bowl 50 champion Denver defeating Carolina in the NFL Kickoff Game in a rematch of the Super Bowl. The season concluded with Super Bowl LI, the league's championship game on February 5, 2017, at NRG Stadium in Houston with New England defeating Atlanta. For the first time since the 2003 NFL season, neither of the previous season's Super Bowl participants made the playoffs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Super Bowl 50</span> 2016 National Football League championship game

Super Bowl 50 was an American football game to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2015 season. The American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos defeated the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Carolina Panthers, 24–10. The game was played on February 7, 2016, at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. As this was the 50th Super Bowl game, the league emphasized the "golden anniversary" with various gold-themed initiatives during the 2015 season, as well as suspending the tradition of naming each Super Bowl game with Roman numerals, so the logo could prominently feature the number 50 in more familiar Arabic numerals.

The 2017 NFL season was the 98th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL) and the 52nd of the Super Bowl era. The season began on September 7, 2017, with Kansas City defeating defending Super Bowl LI champion New England in the NFL Kickoff Game. The season concluded with Super Bowl LII, in which Philadelphia defeated American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England to win their first Super Bowl title, and fourth NFL championship, in franchise history.


  1. 1 2 "NFL going gold in 2015 to celebrate Super Bowl 50: Five things to know". CBS Sports. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 Rovell, Darren (June 4, 2014). "NFL: It's Super Bowl 50, not L". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  3. "NFL Football Schedule Key Dates". CBSSports.com. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  4. "NFL Schedule Key Dates". CBSsports. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
  5. "2015 Free Agent List" (PDF). National Football League.
  6. "Frank Gore agrees to terms with Colts". NFL.com. March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  7. Spadaro, Dave (March 12, 2015). "RB Ryan Mathews Signs Three-Year Deal". Philadelphiaeagles.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  8. "It's Official: RB Murray Signs With Eagles". PhiladelphiaEagles.com. March 12, 2015. Archived from the original on September 2, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  9. Wesseling, Chris (March 11, 2015). "Andre Johnson announces he's signed with Colts". NFL.com. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  10. "Chiefs ink Jeremy Maclin to 5-year, $55 million deal". NFL.com.
  11. Mayer, Larry (March 11, 2015). "Bears ink free agents Royal, Rolle". ChicagoBears.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  12. Sessler, Marc. "49ers, Torrey Smith strike five-year, $40M deal". NFL.com. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  13. Lange, Randy (March 11, 2015). "Jets Sign Unrestricted FA Guard James Carpenter". Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  14. "Bolts Add Orlando Franklin to Beef Up Offensive Line". SanDiegoChargers.com. March 10, 2015. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  15. Sessler, Marc (March 9, 2015). "Raiders to sign Rodney Hudson to 5-year, $44.5M deal". nfl.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  16. "Raiders Sign C Rodney Hudson". Raiders.com. March 11, 2015. Archived from the original on March 14, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  17. Gantt, Darin (March 10, 2015). "Mike Iupati cashes in with $40 million deal from Cardinals". Pro Football Talk. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  18. Alper, Josh (March 13, 2015). "Nick Fairley signs with Rams" . Retrieved March 13, 2015.
  19. Wesseling, Chris. "Terrance Knighton set to sign with Redskins". NFL.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
  20. Suh signs with Dolphins, cites money as the reason Detroit Free Press, March 11, 2015
  21. Walker, James (March 11, 2015). "Ndamukong Suh signs record deal". ESPN. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  22. McClain, John. "Veteran defensive lineman Wilfork agrees to two-year deal with Texans". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  23. Rosenthal, Gregg (March 11, 2015). "Raiders pick up Curtis Lofton, Dan Williams for defense". NFL.com.
  24. Tyler Conway. "Greg Hardy to Cowboys: Latest Contract Details, Comments and Reaction". Bleacher Report.
  25. Jones, Mike. "Brian Orakpo agrees to terms with the Titans". Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
  26. Patra, Kevin (March 20, 2015). "Indianapolis Colts agree to terms with ILB Nate Irving". NFL.com. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  27. Pedulla, Tom. Antonio Cromartie is reunited with Darelle Revis on the Jets. The New York Times . March 12, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  28. Rosenthal, Gregg. "Byron Maxwell to join Eagles on six-year, $60M deal". NFL.com. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  29. Martin, Kimberley (March 10, 2015). "Darrelle Revis to return to Jets, who also add cornerback Buster Skrine". Newsday. Archived from the original on March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  30. Gribble, Andrew (March 16, 2015). "Browns sign DB Tramon Williams". Cleveland Browns. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  31. "Dallas Cowboys franchise tag Dez Bryant". National Football League . Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  32. "Broncos franchise tag Demaryius Thomas". National Football League . Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  33. "Kansas City Chiefs franchise tag Justin Houston". National Football League . Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  34. "Jason Pierre-Paul gets New York Giants' franchise tag". National Football League . Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  35. Brown, Chris. "Bills land TE Charles Clay". BuffaloBills.com. Buffalo Bills. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  36. Schalter, Ty (March 20, 2015). "Why Has the NFL Finally Started Embracing the Art of Trading Players?". Bleacher Report . Archived from the original on August 21, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  37. Wesseling, Chris (March 3, 2015). "Eagles, Bills to swap LeSean McCoy for Kiko Alonso". NFL.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  38. "Trade Terms For Bradford-Foles Deal Finalized". Turf Show Times. SB Nation. March 10, 2015. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  39. "Seahawks land star TE Jimmy Graham in trade with Saints". Foxsports.com . AP. March 10, 2015. Archived from the original on April 1, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  40. Rothstein, Michael (May 4, 2015). "Ravens trade NT Haloti Ngata". ESPN.com . Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  41. "2014 NFL Draft Notes" (PDF). National Football League. May 6, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  42. Schefter, Adam (October 2, 2014). "Chicago will host 2015 NFL draft". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  43. Myers, Gary (July 17, 2014). "2015 NFL draft will not be at Radio City Music Hall, headed to either Los Angeles or Chicago". Daily News (New York) . Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  44. Fischer, Bryan. "New, fan-friendly events planned for 2015 NFL Draft in Chicago". NFL.com. NFL Productions LLC. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  45. ABC News (April 30, 2015). "NFL Draft Day: Jameis Winston Goes to Tampa Bay Buccaneers as No. 1 NFL Draft Pick". ABC News. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  46. Lewis, Josh (May 13, 2015). "R Bill Leavy retires after 20 seasons". footballzebras.com. Football Zebras. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  47. Schultz, Mark (May 13, 2015). "LJ John Hussey moves to the referee position". footballzebras.com. Football Zebras. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  48. Orr, Conor (April 8, 2015). "NFL makes Sarah Thomas first full-time female official". NFL.com. NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  49. Austro, Ben (April 8, 2015). "9 officials hired by the NFL with only 4 vacancies". footballzebras.com. Football Zebras. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  50. NFL owners vote to allow a medical timeout. ESPN.com. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  51. "NFL rewrites Dez Bryant rule and it might actually be more confusing". CBSsports.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  52. "NFL to change extra points to longer distance in 2015". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. May 19, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  53. Mather, Victor (September 10, 2015). "N.F.L. Team Scoring Just 1 Point? Now It's Possible". The New York Times . Retrieved September 11, 2015.
  54. Kilgore, Adam (July 27, 2015). "NFL's post-DeflateGate rule changes undermine league's punishment of Tom Brady". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  55. "2015 Pro Football Deaths". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  56. "2015 Pro Football Deaths". Oldest Living Pro Football Players. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  57. Goldstein, Richard; Weber, Bruce (August 9, 2015). "Frank Gifford, Star for Giants and in the Broadcast Booth, Dies at 84". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  58. "Frank Gifford". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  59. Fitzpatrick, Frank (March 22, 2015). "Eagles Hall of Famer Chuck Bednarik dies". The Philadelphia Inquirer . Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  60. "Chuck Bednarik". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  61. Farmer, Sam (July 9, 2015). "Ken Stabler dies at 69; elusive Raiders quarterback known as 'The Snake'". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 18, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  62. "Ken Stabler". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  63. "Ed Sabol, 1916-2015". ProFootballHOF.com. Pro Football Hall of Fame. February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on September 18, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  64. Birkett, Dave (July 3, 2015). "Lions legend Charlie Sanders dies at 68". Detroit Free Press . Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  65. "Charlie Sanders". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  66. Jackson, Barry (May 16, 2015). "Miami Dolphins legendary kicker Garo Yepremian dies at 70". Miami Herald . Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  67. "Garo Yepremian". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  68. Branch, Eric (April 20, 2015). "Bob St. Clair, Hall of Fame 49ers lineman, dies at 84". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 14, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  69. "Bob St. Clair, 1931-2015". April 20, 2015. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  70. "Bob St. Clair". Pro-Football-Reference.com . Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  71. Sessler, Marc. "Steelers, Vikings to square off in Hall of Fame Game". NFL.com. NFL. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  72. "Scheduling Formula" . NFL Record & Fact Book 2015. NFL. July 29, 2014. p.  16. ISBN   978-1618933942.
  73. 1 2 3 "NFL announces 2015 International Series lineup". NFL.com. November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  74. "Bills-Jaguars game to kick off early". ESPN.com. January 11, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  75. 1 2 "Week 11 Flex Scheduling - November 22 Bengals-Cardinals Game Moves to NBC Sunday Night Football". NFL Communications. November 2, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  76. "Week 13 Flex Scheduling: Panthers-Saints Moves To 4:25 PM ET On FOX". NFL Communications. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  77. "Week 14 Flex Scheduling: Patriots-Texans Moves To NBC's Sunday Night Football On December 13". NFL Communications. November 29, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  78. "Week 15 (December 20) Flex Scheduling: Cardinals-Eagles Moves To NBC Sunday Night Football". NFL Communications. December 7, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  79. "Week 16 (December 27) Flex Scheduling Note: Sunday Night Football Matchup Contingent on Tonight's New York Giants-Miami Dolphins Game". NFL Communications. December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  80. "Week 17 Flex Schedule: Minnesota at Green Bay to be NBC Sunday Night Football Game on January 3". NFL Communications. December 28, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  81. Farmer, Sam (May 11, 2015). "Tom Brady suspended four games, Patriots lose draft picks for Deflategate". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on June 19, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
  82. "New York Southern District Court Case No. 1:15-cv-05916 National Football League Management Council v. National Football League Players Association". Plainsite.org. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  83. Hohler, Bob (September 3, 2015). "Judge voids Brady's four-game suspension". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  84. Reyes, Lorenzo; Axon, Rachel (September 3, 2015). "NFL files an appeal of Deflategate decision that erased Tom Brady suspension". USA Today . Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  85. Volin, Ben (September 16, 2015). "NFL allows Patriots to reinstate suspended employees". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 22, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  86. Branch, Eric (March 10, 2015). "Patrick Willis: Decision to retire was about his health and heart". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 12, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  87. Fainaru, Steve; Fainaru-Wada, Mark (August 21, 2015). "Why former 49er Chris Borland is the most dangerous man in football". ESPN The Magazine . Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  88. Branch, Eric (June 5, 2015). "49ers starting tackle Anthony Davis quits after 1st concussion". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  89. Bouchette, Ed (March 11, 2015). "Worilds gives up football for faith". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette . Archived from the original on April 8, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  90. Wyatt, Jim (March 10, 2015). "Jake Locker retiring from NFL". The Tennessean . Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  91. Latzman, Phil (August 22, 2015). "Meet Jen 'Dr. J' Welter, The NFL's First Female Coach". Only a Game with Bill Littlefield (blog). WBUR-FM. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  92. Bieler, Des (September 2, 2015). "Jen Welter is no longer an NFL coach after her Cardinals internship ended". Early Lead (blog). The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  93. Wilson, Ryan (August 6, 2012). "Shannon Eastin will be first woman to work NFL officiating crew". CBS Sports . Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  94. Fox, Ashley (April 17, 2015). "Meet Sarah Thomas, NFL's first female official". ESPN.com . ESPN. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  95. Alper, Josh (October 15, 2015). "NFL confirms suspension of side judge Rob Vernatchi". Profootballtalk.com . NBC Sports. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  96. Joseph, Andrew (December 1, 2015). "NFL demotes Cardinals-49ers officials for next game". The Arizona Republic . Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  97. Gantt, Darin (November 8, 2015). "Report: No suspension of officials for Jags-Ravens screwup". NBC Sports . Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  98. "26 Players Start Season on the Suspension List". The New York Times. AP. September 10, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
  99. Grossi, Tony (March 30, 2015). "Browns' Textgate fallout: Four-game suspension for GM Ray Farmer, fine for Browns, and no loss of draft pick". ESPNCleveland.com. ESPN. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  100. "Statement by NFL Executive Vice President of Football Operations Troy Vincent on Atlanta Falcons Matter" (PDF). National Football League. March 30, 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  101. Thele, Kyle (April 30, 2015). "Falcons fire Roddy White for crowd noise fiasco... Not that Roddy White". Atlanta Sun Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  102. Akopyan, Manouk (August 2, 2015). "Buffalo Bills suspend Aaron Kromer six games". NFL.com . Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  103. Patra, Kevin (July 13, 2015). "Bills' Aaron Kromer arrested for assault and battery". Around the League (blog). NFL.com. Archived from the original on September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  104. Rodak, Mike (July 31, 2015). "Charges against Bills assistant coach Aaron Kromer, son dropped". ESPN. Archived from the original on August 18, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  105. Cabot, Mary Kay (September 7, 2015). "Cleveland Browns offensive line coach Andy Moeller suspended indefinitely". The Plain Dealer . Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  106. MacDonal, Evan (September 23, 2015). "Cleveland Browns assistant coach Andy Moeller will not be charged after woman accused him of assault". The Plain Dealer . Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  107. Sessler, Marc (September 29, 2015). "Browns part ways with O-line coach Andy Moeller". nfl.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  108. Wilner, Barry (September 11, 2015). "Tom Brady throws 4 TDs as Patriots beat Steelers". AP Sports. BCSN. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  109. "Mariota outplays Winston". New York Times. September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  110. Chase, Chris (September 13, 2015). "11 titanic facts about Marcus Mariota's magical NFL debut". USA Today . Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  111. Wolfe, Cameron; Jhabvala, Nicki (September 13, 2015). "Broncos' bests/worsts vs. Ravens: Brandon McManus and C.J. Anderson". The Denver Post. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  112. "Broncos complete stunning comeback, beat Chiefs 31–24". Associated Press. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  113. Renck, Troy (September 17, 2015). "Peyton Manning, Broncos steal win from Chiefs late in Kansas City". The Denver Post. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
  114. Chase, Chris (September 20, 2015). "The New York Giants had another historic meltdown". USA Today . Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  115. "Mariota Sets Two-Game Mark for TD Passes". titansonline.com. September 20, 2015. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  116. 1 2 "NFL Career Passing Touchdowns Leaders". www.pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  117. 1 2 "NFL Career Passes Completed Leaders". www.pro-football-reference.com. Archived from the original on November 3, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  118. "Marcus Mariota sets record for TDs in first three games". espn.com. September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  119. "Falcons become first team in NFL history to accomplish impressive feat". foxsports.com. September 27, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  120. "Adam Vinatieri's field goals leads Colts past Jaguars in OT". espn.go.com. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  121. "Colts Set NFL Record, Neutralize J. J. Watt". colts.com. Archived from the original on October 11, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  122. "NFL: Palmer throws 3 TDs to help Cardinals dominate Lions 42–17". stlrib.com. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  123. "Essentials from Sunday: Extending the NFL streaks". scout.com. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  124. "NFL Career Receiving Touchdowns Leaders". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  125. "Peyton Manning breaks combined NFL passing yards record". Blogs.denverpost.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  126. "Rodgers becomes fastest quarterback to 30,000 yards in NFL history". FOX Sports. October 18, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  127. 1 2 "The Week That Was - Week 7". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  128. "Dolphins' Ryan Tannehill sets NFL record with 25 straight completions". cbssports.com. October 25, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  129. "Eli Manning becomes first QB in NFL history to lose a game with this stat line". foxsports.com. November 2, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  130. "Most games 500+ passing yards, career". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  131. "Watch Green Bay Packers vs. Denver Broncos [11/01/2015". NFL.com. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  132. "The Week That Was - Week 8". Nflcommunications.com. November 28, 2004. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  133. "The Week That Was - Week 9". Nflcommunications.com. October 10, 2004. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  134. "Next Gen Stats: Bills skill-position players come alive". NFL.com.
  135. "ESPN - Elias Says: Sports Statistics - Stats from the Elias Sports Bureau - ESPN". Espn.go.com. November 9, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  136. "Watch Kansas City Chiefs vs. Denver Broncos [11/15/2015". NFL.com. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  137. "ESPN - Elias Says: Sports Statistics - Stats from the Elias Sports Bureau - ESPN". Espn.go.com. November 16, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  138. "Adrian Peterson explodes for sixth-career 200-yard game in Vikings' win". FoxSports.com. November 15, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  139. "Watch New England Patriots vs. New York Giants [11/15/2015". NFL.com. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  140. Ahern, Gerry (November 15, 2015). "Lions hang on to shock Packers, end record futility at Lambeau Field". USA Today . Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  141. Pells, Eddie (November 30, 2015). "Imperfect: Pats defense folds in 30–24 OT loss to Broncos". Associated Press. Denver: AP Sports. Associated Press . Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  142. "Stats and Facts: Browns vs. Ravens". clevelandbrowns.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  143. Wesselling, Chris (December 6, 2015). "Cam Newton bolsters MVP case in Panthers' wild win". NFL.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  144. "Week 13 What To Look For - A Look Back". nflcommunications.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  145. 1 2 Hobson, Geoff (December 6, 2015). "Quick hits: Green, Dalton in select company; Rookies ride". bengals.com. Cleveland: NFL Enterprises, LLC. Archived from the original on December 12, 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  146. Archer, Todd (December 8, 2015). "Jason Witten happy to share special moment with family". ESPN.com . Landover, Maryland: ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  147. "Adrian Peterson scores 100th career touchdown in first quarter". espn.go.com. December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  148. 1 2 "Seven From Sunday - Week 14". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  149. Wagner-McGough, Sean (December 15, 2015). "Giants' win secures the Patriots' seventh straight AFC East title". CBSSports.com . CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  150. 1 2 "The Week That Was - Week 14". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  151. Condotta, Bob (December 15, 2015). "Seahawks' statistics continue to look better and better and better". The Seattle Times . The Seattle Times Company . Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  152. "Most consecutive games 3+ TD passes & no INT". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  153. 1 2 3 "The Week That Was - Week 15". Nflcommunications.com. October 26, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  154. England, New. "Game Notes: Patriots win 12 games for sixth straight season | New England Patriots". Patriots.com. Archived from the original on December 25, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  155. "Post-game notes vs. Broncos". Steelers.com. Archived from the original on December 26, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  156. 1 2 3 "Seven From Sunday - Week 16". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  157. Final (December 27, 2015). "Rams vs. Seahawks - Game Recap - December 27, 2015 - ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  158. "Chiefs earn playoff berth with win over Browns". NFL.com. December 27, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  159. "By the Numbers: Williams goes for 100". Steelers.com. December 28, 2015. Archived from the original on December 30, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  160. STEVEN WINEAP Sports Writer. "NFL Recap - Indianapolis Colts at Miami Dolphins - Dec 27, 2015 - CBSSports.com Game Recap". Cbssports.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  161. "Saints' D sets record for TD passes allowed in season". NFL.com. August 30, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  162. Tandler, Rich. "One stat puts Cousins ahead of Brady, Manning, Brees, others". CSNWashington.com. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  163. "Seahawks dominate Cardinals in statement game". nflcom. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  164. "By the Numbers: Jaw-dropping stats". Steelers.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  165. Final (January 4, 2016). "Titans vs. Colts - Game Recap - January 3, 2016 - ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  166. "Seven From Sunday - Week 17". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  167. "NFL Career Passing Touchdowns Leaders". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  168. "Week 17 What To Look For - A Look Back". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  169. "NFL Career Playoff Games Leaders". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  170. "Most FG's made, postseason game". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  171. Stanley, Deb (January 24, 2016). "Denver Broncos, Peyton Manning going to Super Bowl 50". ABC Denver . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  172. Schneier, Dan (January 26, 2016). "Broncos' Gary Kubiak will make NFL history in Super Bowl 50". Fox Sports . Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  173. 1 2 3 4 5 "50 stats to know for Super Bowl 50". ESPN.
  174. "Mind-blowing stats for Super Bowl 50". NFL.
  175. "NFL Stats: Player". NFL.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  176. "Conan O'Brien To Host NFL Honors". nflcommunications.com. NFL. January 17, 2016.
  177. 1 2 3 "Titans QB Marcus Mariota, Broncos CB Aqib Talib & Dolphins WR-PR Jarvis Landry named AFC Players of Week 1" (PDF). NFL . Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  178. 1 2 3 "Falcons WR Julio Jones, Rams DT Aaron Donald & Rams PR-WR Tavon Austin named NFC Players of Week 1" (PDF). NFL . Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  179. 1 2 3 "Steelers QB Ben Roethlisberger, Jets CB Darrelle Revis & Browns PR-WR Travis Benjamin named AFC Players of Week 2" (PDF). NFL . Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  180. 1 2 3 "Cardinals WR Larry Fitzgerald, Cowboys LB Sean Lee & Cardinals KR-RB David Johnson named NFC Players of Week 2" (PDF). NFL . Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  181. 1 2 3 "Bengals WR A.J. Green, Bills LB Preston Brown & Colts P Pat McAfee named AFC Players of Week 3". NFL . Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  182. 1 2 3