Nissan Stadium

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Nissan Stadium
Nissan Stadium logo.png
LP Field 2009 crop.jpg
Exterior view in 2009 with previous LP Field signage
Map Nashville.jpg
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Nissan Stadium
Location in Nashville
USA Tennessee location map.svg
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Nissan Stadium
Location in Tennessee
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Nissan Stadium
Location in the United States
Former namesAdelphia Coliseum (1999–2002)
The Coliseum (2002–2006)
LP Field (20062015)
Address1 Titans Way
Location Nashville, Tennessee
Coordinates 36°9′59″N86°46′17″W / 36.16639°N 86.77139°W / 36.16639; -86.77139 Coordinates: 36°9′59″N86°46′17″W / 36.16639°N 86.77139°W / 36.16639; -86.77139
Owner Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County
OperatorMetropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County
Executive suites177
Capacity 67,700 (1999) [1]
68,498 (2000) [2]
68,798 (2001) [3]
68,804 (2002) [4]
68,809 (2003) [5]
68,932 (2004) [6]
69,149 (2005) [7]
69,143 (2006–present) [8]
SurfaceTifsport Bermuda Sod[ citation needed ]
Construction
Broke groundMay 3, 1997 [9]
OpenedAugust 27, 1999
Construction costUS$290 million
($436 million in 2018 dollars [10] )
Architect HOK Sport [11]
McKissack & McKissack [11]
Moody Nolan [11]
Project managerThe Larkin Group [11]
Structural engineer Thornton Tomasetti [12]
Services engineerM-E Engineers, Inc. [11]
General contractorThe Stadium Group, comprising Bovis, Jones & Jones Construction and Beers Construction [13]
Tenants
Tennessee Titans (NFL) 1999–present
Tennessee State Tigers (NCAA) 1999–present
Nashville SC (MLS) 2020–2021

Nissan Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Nashville, Tennessee, United States. Owned by the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, it is primarily used for football and is the home field of the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League (NFL) and the Tennessee State Tigers of Tennessee State University. The stadium is also the site of the Franklin American Mortgage Music City Bowl, a postseason college football bowl game played each December, and is occasionally used as a venue for soccer matches. Nissan Stadium is even used for large concerts, such as the CMA Music Festival nightly concerts, which take place for four days every June. Facilities are included to enable the stadium to host other public events, meetings, parties, and gatherings.

Nashville, Tennessee State capital and consolidated city-county in Tennessee, United States

Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee. The city is the county seat of Davidson County and is located on the Cumberland River. The city's population ranks 24th in the U.S. According to 2018 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, the total consolidated city-county population stood at 692,587. The "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Davidson County, was 669,053 in 2018.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the defense, the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are scored primarily by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Tennessee Titans National Football League franchise in Nashville, Tennessee

The Tennessee Titans are a professional American football team based in Nashville, Tennessee. The Titans compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the American Football Conference (AFC) South division. Previously known as the Houston Oilers, the team began play in 1960 in Houston, Texas, as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL). The Oilers won the first two AFL Championships, and joined the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970.

Contents

Nissan Stadium is located on the east bank of the Cumberland River, directly across the river from downtown Nashville and has a listed seating capacity of 69,143. [14] [15] Its first event was a preseason game between the Titans and the Atlanta Falcons on August 27, 1999. Since opening in 1999, it has been known by multiple names, including Adelphia Coliseum (1999–2002), The Coliseum (2002–2006), and LP Field (2006–2015).

Cumberland River river in the United States of America

The Cumberland River is a major waterway of the Southern United States. The 688-mile-long (1,107 km) river drains almost 18,000 square miles (47,000 km2) of southern Kentucky and north-central Tennessee. The river flows generally west from a source in the Appalachian Mountains to its confluence with the Ohio River near Paducah, Kentucky, and the mouth of the Tennessee River. Major tributaries include the Obey, Caney Fork, Stones, and Red rivers.

Seating capacity number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law

Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people. The largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000.

Atlanta Falcons National Football League franchise in Atlanta, Georgia

The Atlanta Falcons are a professional American football team based in Atlanta, Georgia. The Falcons compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) South division. The Falcons joined the NFL in 1965 as an expansion team, after the NFL offered then-owner Rankin Smith a franchise to keep him from joining the rival American Football League (AFL).

The stadium features three levels of seating, with the lower bowl completely encompassing the field. The club and upper levels form the stadium's dual towers, rising above the lower bowl along each sideline. All of the stadium's luxury suites are located within the towers. Three levels of suites are located in the stadium's eastern tower: one between the lower and club levels, and two between the club and upper levels. The western tower has only two levels of suites, both between the club and upper levels. The pressbox is located between the lower and club levels in the western tower. Nissan Stadium's dual videoboards are located behind the lower bowl in each end zone.

The playing surface of Nissan Stadium is Tifsport Bermuda Sod, a natural grass. However, the relatively warm climate of Nashville, combined with the wear and tear of hosting a game nearly every weekend, usually results in a resodding of the area "between the hashes" in late November.

Sod grass and roots beneath

Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by its roots or another piece of thin material.

On Nissan Stadium's eastern side is the Titans Pro Shop, a retail store which sells team merchandise. It remains open year-round and maintains an exterior entrance for use on non-event dates.

History

Nissan Stadium as seen from Section 341, immediately prior to kickoff of Titans vs Texans, October 29, 2006 LPFieldSec341.jpg
Nissan Stadium as seen from Section 341, immediately prior to kickoff of Titans vs Texans, October 29, 2006

During the 1995 NFL Preseason, the Houston Oilers faced the Washington Redskins in an exhibition game at Neyland Stadium in Knoxville, Tennessee. At the game, Oilers owner Bud Adams met Nashville Mayor Phil Bredesen and began discussing the possibility of moving the team to Middle Tennessee,[ citation needed ] due to Adams' discontent with the team's lease at the Astrodome and unwillingness of the City of Houston to build a new football-only stadium. Later that fall, Adams and Bredesen announced the team's intent to move to Nashville. The city and team decided to locate a stadium on the eastern bank of the Cumberland River in downtown Nashville, on the site of a blighted industrial development.

Washington Redskins American football team based in the Washington, D.C. area

The Washington Redskins are a professional American football team based in the Washington metropolitan area. The Redskins compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the National Football Conference (NFC) East division. The team plays its home games at FedExField in Landover, Maryland; its headquarters and training facility are at Inova Sports Performance Center at Redskins Park in Ashburn, Virginia and the Redskins Complex in Richmond, Virginia, respectively.

Neyland Stadium

Neyland Stadium is a sports stadium in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States. It serves primarily as the home of the Tennessee Volunteers football team, but is also used to host large conventions and has been a site for several National Football League (NFL) exhibition games. The stadium's official capacity is 102,455. Constructed in 1921, and originally called Shields–Watkins Field which is now the name of the playing surface, the stadium has undergone 16 expansion projects, at one point reaching a capacity of 104,079 before being slightly reduced by alterations in the following decade. Neyland Stadium is the fourth largest stadium in the United States, the fifth largest stadium in the world, and the second largest stadium in the Southeastern Conference. The stadium is named for Robert Neyland, who served three stints as head football coach at the University of Tennessee between 1926 and 1952.

Knoxville, Tennessee City in Tennessee, United States

Knoxville is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, and the county seat of Knox County. As of the 2010 census, the city has a population of 178,874, and is Tennessee's third largest city after Nashville and Memphis. Knoxville is the principal city of the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which was 868,546 in 2015.

In a special referendum on May 7, 1996, voters in Metropolitan Nashville/Davidson County voted to approve partial funding of the proposed stadium. The vote, which allocated US$144 million of public money to the project, passed with a 59% majority. [16] The pro-stadium organization, known as "NFL Yes!" outspent the anti-stadium group by a ratio of 16:1 during the campaign.

The funds initially would be raised through an increase in the Metro water tax. The ongoing funding is through a 300% increase in Davidson County individual homeowner property taxes. Much of the remaining construction costs were funded through the sale of personal seat licenses. Some State of Tennessee money was allocated to the project, on the condition that the Tennessee State University football team move its home games there, and with the request that the incoming NFL team be named "Tennessee" (instead of "Nashville"), which the franchise was planning to do anyway, in an attempt to appeal to the broader region.[ citation needed ]

A personal seat license, or PSL, is a paid license that entitles the holder to the right to buy season tickets for a certain seat in a stadium. This holder can sell the seat license to someone else if they no longer wish to purchase season tickets. However, if the seat license holder chooses not to sell the seat licenses and does not renew the season tickets, the holder forfeits the license back to the team. Most seat licenses are valid for as long as the team plays in the current venue.

Tennessee State University Public HBCU land-grant university located in Nashville, TN, USA

Tennessee State University is a public historically black Land-grant university in Nashville, Tennessee. Founded in 1912, it is the largest and only state-funded historically black university in Tennessee. It is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund. Tennessee State University offers 38 bachelor’s degrees, 24 master's degrees, and seven doctoral degrees.

The stadium's construction was delayed when the construction site was hit by a tornado that struck downtown Nashville on April 16, 1998 and destroyed several cranes, but the stadium opened in time for the first scheduled event.

On May 3, 2010, the stadium's playing surface was covered with six feet of water due to the heavy rains and flooding from the Cumberland River. The flood also reached down to the locker rooms of the stadium. [17] [18]

The stadium received upgrades during the summer of 2012. Among the improvements are a new sound system, high-speed elevators to the upper levels, and LED ribbon boards mounted on the faces of the upper mezzanines. Two new high-definition Lighthouse brand LED video displays measuring 157 feet by 54 feet were installed, replacing the entire end zone scoreboard apparatuses. At the time of installation, the two boards became the second-largest displays in the National Football League (trailing only AT&T Stadium). [19]

In 2014 and 2015, the stadium hosted the Nashville Kickoff Game, a college football game featuring major NCAA teams for Tennessee.

During the 2018 season, two 20th anniversary logos in each of the endzones to help celebrate the Titans 20th year in Nashville. The yard line numbers were also changed to match the number style on the new uniforms.

Naming rights

Adelphia Coliseum in 2002 Adelphia Coliseum.jpg
Adelphia Coliseum in 2002
LP Field logo, 2006-2015 LPField-logo.png
LP Field logo, 2006–2015
Nissan Stadium in 2017 Nissan Stadium 2017.jpg
Nissan Stadium in 2017

During its construction, the stadium had no official name, though it was generally referred to as "The East Bank Stadium", a reference to the stadium's location on the eastern bank of the Cumberland River. Upon its completion, it was given the name "Adelphia Coliseum" in a 15-year, $30 million naming rights arrangement with Adelphia Business Solutions, a subsidiary of the larger Adelphia telecommunications company. However, after Adelphia missed a required payment and subsequently filed for bankruptcy in 2002, the agreement was abandoned and the stadium became known simply as "The Coliseum" for four years. (Adelphia itself was dissolved in 2006.)

A naming rights deal with Nashville-based Louisiana-Pacific was inked on June 6, 2006. Louisiana-Pacific, which markets itself as "LP Building Products", paid $30 million over 10 years for naming rights. [20] LP's influence inside the stadium led to the creation of the LP Building Zones in 2007, located beneath the giant scoreboards from Daktronics at the north and south ends of the stadium. The concession stands and restrooms in these two areas were decorated to look like suburban homes using LP products.

On June 24, 2015, car manufacturer Nissan, which has its North American headquarters just south of Nashville in Franklin and operates a large manufacturing plant in nearby Smyrna, bought the naming rights for the stadium in a 20-year contract, rebranding the stadium as Nissan Stadium. [21] [22] As part of the sponsor agreement, a 2016 Nissan Titan pickup truck was placed next to the stadium scoreboard. [23]

Tennessee Titans

Downtown Nashville as viewed from the upper decks of Nissan Stadium LP Field Nashville.jpg
Downtown Nashville as viewed from the upper decks of Nissan Stadium

The Tennessee Titans have posted an impressive record at Nissan Stadium since moving there in 1999, including winning their first 16 games before losing to the Baltimore Ravens on November 12, 2000. Overall, the Titans are 91–69 in the regular season and 2–2 in playoff games at Nissan Stadium. Every Titans home game (including preseason) has been a sellout since the stadium opened in 1999. This is due to fans purchasing season tickets associated with the personal seat licenses each season ticketholder must own. The seat licenses helped finance construction of the stadium. There is a long waiting list for personal seat licenses, as well as season tickets.

Music City Miracle

On January 8, 2000, one of the most memorable and debated plays in NFL history took place at then-Adelphia Coliseum. The "Music City Miracle" (as it has come to be known) was a last-minute trick play on a kickoff return that resulted in a touchdown and catapulted the Titans past the Buffalo Bills to the Divisional Playoffs. It also ensured that the Titans would go undefeated in the first season in the team's new home. The victory was seen in front of a franchise-record crowd. [24]

Soccer

Nissan Stadium regularly hosts soccer matches featuring the United States men's national team as well as by the women's national team and visiting professional clubs. The venue was first used for soccer on April 20, 2004 in an exhibition game between the Los Angeles Galaxy of Major League Soccer and Tecos UAG of the Mexican Primera División. [25] Since then Nissan Stadium has been used for friendly matches by the U.S. women versus Canada in 2004, a return of Tecos against rival F.C. Atlas in 2005, and the U.S. men versus Morocco in 2006. [26] The stadium helped host the CONCACAF men's 2008 and 2012 qualifying tournaments for the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics. [27] [28]

On April 1, 2009, the U.S. men's national team played a World Cup qualifier beating Trinidad and Tobago, 3–0. The match saw Jozy Altidore become the youngest American to score a hat trick for the national team. [29] [30] The U.S. men returned March 29, 2011 falling to Paraguay in a friendly before a record crowd of 29,059 – the largest to attend a soccer game in the state of Tennessee. [31]

Nissan Stadium was chosen for two games of the Group Stage for the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup.

Concerts and events

Nissan Stadium can also serve as a large concert venue. The main stage for the annual CMA Music Festival, held every June, is located in the stadium. [32]

See also

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References

  1. "Titans Name Their New Stadium". Beaver County Times. July 8, 1999.
  2. "Vols, Titans Find Tennessee Big Enough for Both of Them". Harlan Daily Enterprise. September 7, 2000.
  3. "Titans Fans Salute". Daily News. November 5, 2001.
  4. "Vols Prepare for Opener in Nashville". The Tuscaloosa News. August 25, 2002.
  5. "Home Openers Have Gone Raiders' Way – SFGate". San Francisco Chronicle . September 11, 2003. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  6. Weir, Tom (September 20, 2004). "Colts heat up in second half to sink Titans 31–17". USA Today . Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  7. "Raiders won't throw it back". Inside Bay Area. October 31, 2005. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  8. Peters, Craig. "Titans (1–1) to Host Broncos (1–1) Sunday at LP Field". Titansonline.com. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  9. "Ground Is Broken for Nashville Stadium". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel . May 4, 1997. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  10. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–" . Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 "LP Field". Ballparks.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  12. "Sports" (PDF). Thornton Tomasetti. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  13. "Patrinely Group". Patrinely Group. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  14. "LP Field Overview". Tennessee Titans. Archived from the original on May 5, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  15. "LP Field: About". LP Field. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  16. "The NFL Oilers: A Case Study in Corporate Welfare - The Foundation for Economic Education: The Freeman, Ideas on Liberty". Archived from the original on October 31, 2011.
  17. "Nashville flooding hits Grand Ole Opry". USA Today Online. May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  18. Mullen, Bryan (May 3, 2010). "UPDATED: LP Field, Bridgestone Arena Flooded". The Tennessean .
  19. "ANC Sports :: ESPN Aug. 23 – 8:00pm". Archived from the original on December 31, 2013.
  20. [ dead link ]
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  27. Nashville lands Olympic soccer qualifier | www.tennessean.com | [ dead link ]
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Events and tenants
Preceded by
Vanderbilt Stadium
Home of the
Tennessee Titans

1999 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Vanderbilt Stadium
Home of the
Music City Bowl

1999 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Hale Stadium
Home of the
Tennessee State Tigers

1999 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
AT&T Stadium
2018
Venues of the NFL Draft
2019
Succeeded by
Las Vegas
2020