1990 NFL season

Last updated

1990 National Football League season
Regular season
DurationSeptember 9 – December 31, 1990
Playoffs
Start dateJanuary 5, 1991
AFC Champions Buffalo Bills
NFC Champions New York Giants
Super Bowl XXV
DateJanuary 27, 1991
Site Tampa Stadium, Tampa, Florida
Champions New York Giants
Pro Bowl
DateFebruary 3, 1991
Site Aloha Stadium
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Green pog.svg
Colts
Green pog.svg
Patriots
Green pog.svg
Bills
Green pog.svg
Dolphins
Green pog.svg
Jets
DeepPink pog.svg
Bengals
DeepPink pog.svg
Browns
DeepPink pog.svg
Oilers
DeepPink pog.svg
Steelers
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Broncos
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Chiefs
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Raiders
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Chargers
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Seahawks
AFC teams: Yellow ffff00 pog.svg West, DeepPink pog.svg Central, Green pog.svg East
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Green pog.svg
Cowboys
Green pog.svg
Giants
Green pog.svg
Eagles
Green pog.svg
Cardinals
Green pog.svg
Redskins
DeepPink pog.svg
Bears
DeepPink pog.svg
Lions
DeepPink pog.svg
Packers
DeepPink pog.svg
Vikings
DeepPink pog.svg
Buccaneers
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Falcons
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Rams
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
Saints
Yellow ffff00 pog.svg
49ers
NFC teams: Yellow ffff00 pog.svg West, DeepPink pog.svg Central, Green pog.svg East

The 1990 NFL season was the 71st regular season of the National Football League. To increase revenue, the league, for the first time since 1966, reinstated bye weeks, so that all NFL teams would play their 16-game schedule over a 17-week period. Furthermore, the playoff format was expanded from 10 teams to 12 teams by adding another wild card from each conference, thus adding two more contests to the postseason schedule; this format remained in use until 2019 (there were four division spots and two wild card spots available with realignment in 2002). During four out of the five previous seasons, at least one team with a 10–6 record missed the playoffs, including the 11–5 Denver Broncos in 1985; meanwhile, the 10–6 San Francisco 49ers won Super Bowl XXIII, leading for calls to expand the playoff format to ensure that 10–6 teams could compete for a Super Bowl win. Ironically, the first sixth-seeded playoff team would not have a 10–6 record, but instead, the New Orleans Saints, with an 8–8 record, took the new playoff spot.

Contents

The season ended with Super Bowl XXV when the New York Giants defeated the Buffalo Bills 20–19 at Tampa Stadium. This would be the first Super Bowl appearance for Buffalo, who would represent the AFC in the next three Super Bowls.

First full season under NFL Commissioner Tagliabue

This was the first full season for Paul Tagliabue as the league's Commissioner, after taking over from Pete Rozelle midway through the previous season. On October 8, the league announced that the Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Award would be named the Pete Rozelle Trophy in the former commissioner's honor. [1]

Player movement

Transactions

Trades

Retirements

Draft

The 1990 NFL Draft was held from April 22 to 23, 1990 at New York City's Marriott Marquis. With the first pick, the Indianapolis Colts selected quarterback Jeff George from the University of Illinois. Selecting seventeenth overall, the Dallas Cowboys would draft Emmitt Smith, who would retire as the NFL's all-time leading rusher.

Officiating changes

Dick Jorgensen, who had been the referee in the previous season's Super Bowl XXIV, was diagnosed in May during the offseason with a rare blood disorder. [6] He died five months later on October 10. [7] For the remainder of the 1990 season, NFL officials wore a black armband on their left sleeve with the white number 60 to honor Jorgensen. [8]

Ben Dreith (a referee in the AFL from 1966-69, and the NFL since the merger) and Fred Wyant (a referee since 1971), were demoted to line judge. Dreith later filed a complaint to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission after the league fired him after the 1990 season, citing age discrimination as the reason for both his demotion to line judge and his dismissal. [9] [10] Dreith and the NFL would later agree in 1993 to a $165,000 settlement, plus court costs and attorney fees. [11]

Gerald Austin, the side judge for Super Bowl XXIV, and Tom White, were promoted to referee. White became the first official to be promoted to referee after only one season of NFL experience since Jerry Markbreit in 1977 (Tommy Bell (1962) and Brad Allen (2014) were hired straight into the NFL as referees). After one season with having 16 officiating crews in 1989, it was reduced back to 15 crews in 1990 to handle the weekly workload of 14 games (if there were no teams with a bye week).

Ed Hochuli was hired as a back judge (now field judge) and assigned to Howard Roe's crew. Hochuli was promoted to referee two years later.

Major rule changes

1990 deaths

Members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Preseason

American Bowl

A series of National Football League pre-season exhibition games that were held at sites outside the United States, a total of four games were held in 1990.

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamScoreStadiumCity
August 5, 1990 Denver Broncos 10 Seattle Seahawks 7 Tokyo Dome Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo
August 5, 1990 New Orleans Saints 17 Los Angeles Raiders 10 Wembley Stadium Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London
August 9, 1990 Pittsburgh Steelers 30 New England Patriots 14 Olympic Stadium Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montreal
August 11, 1990 Los Angeles Rams 19 Kansas City Chiefs 3 Olympiastadion Flag of Germany.svg West Berlin

Regular season

Scheduling formula

    Inter-conference
AFC East vs NFC East
AFC Central vs NFC West
AFC West vs NFC Central

Highlights of the 1990 season included:

Final standings

Tiebreakers

Playoffs

Jan 6 – Riverfront Stadium Jan 13 – Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
6 Houston 14
3Cincinnati10
3 Cincinnati 41Jan 20 – Rich Stadium
2 LA Raiders 20
AFC
Jan 5 – Joe Robbie Stadium 2LA Raiders3
Jan 12 – Rich Stadium
1Buffalo51
5 Kansas City 16AFC Championship
4Miami34
4 Miami 17Jan 27 – Tampa Stadium
1 Buffalo 44
Wild Card playoffs
Divisional playoffs
Jan 6 – Soldier Field A1Buffalo19
Jan 13 – Giants Stadium
N2NY Giants20
6 New Orleans 6 Super Bowl XXV
3Chicago3
3 Chicago 16Jan 20 – Candlestick Park
2 NY Giants 31
NFC
Jan 5 – Veterans Stadium 2NY Giants15
Jan 12 – Candlestick Park
1San Francisco13
5 Washington 20NFC Championship
5Washington10
4 Philadelphia 6
1 San Francisco 28


Notable events

Records, milestones, and notable statistics

Week 3
Week 6
Week 10
Week 15

Statistical leaders

Team

Points scoredBuffalo Bills (428)
Total yards gainedHouston Oilers (6,222)
Yards rushingPhiladelphia Eagles (2,556)
Yards passingHouston Oilers (4,805)
Fewest points allowedNew York Giants (211)
Fewest total yards allowedPittsburgh Steelers (4,115)
Fewest rushing yards allowedPhiladelphia Eagles (1,169)
Fewest passing yards allowedPittsburgh Steelers (2,500)

Awards

Most Valuable Player Joe Montana, quarterback, San Francisco
Coach of the Year Jimmy Johnson, Dallas
Offensive Player of the Year Warren Moon, quarterback, Houston Oilers
Defensive Player of the Year Bruce Smith, defensive end, Buffalo
Offensive Rookie of the Year Emmitt Smith, running back, Dallas
Defensive Rookie of the Year Mark Carrier, safety, Chicago
NFL Man of the Year Mike Singletary, linebacker, Chicago
NFL Comeback Player of the Year Barry Word, running back, Kansas City
Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Ottis Anderson, running back, NY Giants

Coaching changes

Offseason

In-season

Stadium changes

With New England Patriots founder Billy Sullivan no longer owning the team, having it sold to Victor Kiam in 1988 and Sullivan Stadium being taken over by Robert Kraft, the venue was renamed Foxboro Stadium.

Uniforms changes

Individual teams

In Week 16 with the Gulf War looming closer, American flag decals were added to the back of the helmets of all players. [18]

Media changes

This was the first season under a new four-year deal with TNT to televise Sunday night football games during the first half of the season. ABC, CBS, NBC, and ESPN each signed four-year contracts to renew their rights for Monday Night Football , the NFC package, and the AFC package, and Sunday Night Football during the second half of the season, respectively. ABC was also given the TV rights to televise the two additional playoff games. [19]

Related Research Articles

NFC Championship Game Semi-final championship football game in the NFL

The NFC Championship Game is the annual championship game of the National Football Conference (NFC) and one of the two semi-final playoff games of the National Football League (NFL), the largest professional American football league in the world. The game is played on the last Sunday in January by the two remaining playoff teams, following the NFC postseason's first two rounds. The NFC champion then advances to face the winner of the AFC Championship Game in the Super Bowl.

The 2004 NFL season was the 85th regular season of the National Football League.

The 2003 NFL season was the 84th regular season of the National Football League (NFL).

The 2000 NFL season was the 81st regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl XXXV when the Baltimore Ravens defeated the New York Giants, 34–7, at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida.

The 1993 NFL season was the 74th regular season of the National Football League. It was the only season in league history where all NFL teams were originally scheduled to play their 16-game schedule over a span of 18 weeks and did so, where all of the Week 2 scheduled games were moved to an 18th week and the entire postseason was delayed by 7 days before starting). After the success of expanding the regular season to a period of 17 weeks in 1990, the league hoped this new schedule would generate even more revenue. This was also done to avoid scheduling playoff games on January 1 and competing with college football bowl games. The NFL's teams, however, felt that having two weeks off during the regular season was too disruptive for their weekly routines, and thus the regular season reverted to 17 weeks immediately after the season ended. 2021 marked the first season where an 18-week schedule would include 17 regular-season games.

The 1992 NFL season was the 73rd regular season of the National Football League. Due to the damage caused by Hurricane Andrew, the New England Patriots at Miami Dolphins game that was scheduled for September 6 at Joe Robbie Stadium was rescheduled to October 18. Both teams originally had that weekend off. This marked the first time since the 1966 NFL season and the AFL seasons of 1966 and 1967 that there were byes in week 1; in those years, byes were necessary every week since there were an odd number of teams, which would happen again between 1999 and 2001. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Dolphins also had their 2017 season opener postponed due to Hurricane Irma.

The 1991 NFL season was the 72nd regular season of the National Football League. It was the final season for coach Chuck Noll. The season ended with Super Bowl XXVI when the Washington Redskins defeated the Buffalo Bills, 37–24, at the Metrodome in Minnesota. This was the second of four consecutive Super Bowl losses for Buffalo.

The 1989 NFL season was the 70th regular season of the National Football League. Before the season, NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle announced his retirement. Paul Tagliabue was eventually chosen to succeed him, taking over on November 5.

1988 NFL season 1988 National Football League season

The 1988 NFL season was the 69th regular season of the National Football League. The Cardinals relocated from St. Louis, Missouri to the Phoenix, Arizona area becoming the Phoenix Cardinals but remained in the NFC East division. The playoff races came down to the regular season's final week, with the Seattle Seahawks winning the AFC West by one game, and the Philadelphia Eagles and San Francisco 49ers winning their respective divisions in a five-way tie, with the New Orleans Saints and New York Giants losing the NFC Wild Card berth to the Los Angeles Rams on tiebreakers.

1979 NFL season 1979 National Football League season

The 1979 NFL season was the 60th regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl XIV when the Pittsburgh Steelers repeated as champions by defeating the Los Angeles Rams 31–19 at the Rose Bowl. The Steelers became the first team to win back-to-back Super Bowls twice.

1978 NFL season 1978 National Football League season

The 1978 NFL season was the 59th regular season of the National Football League. The league expanded the regular season from a 14-game schedule to 16 games, which it remained in place until 2021 when it was increased to 17 games. Furthermore, the playoff format was expanded from 8 teams to 10 teams by adding another wild card from each conference. The wild card teams played each other, with the winner advancing to the playoff round of eight teams.

The 1976 NFL season was the 57th regular season of the National Football League. The league expanded to 28 teams with the addition of the Seattle Seahawks and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. This fulfilled one of the conditions agreed to in 1966 for the 1970 AFL–NFL merger, which called for the league to expand to 28 teams by 1970 or soon thereafter.

The 1975 NFL season was the 56th regular season of the National Football League. It was the first NFL season without a tie game. The league made two significant changes to increase the appeal of the game:

  1. The surviving clubs with the best regular season records were made the home teams for each playoff round. Previously, game sites rotated by division.
  2. The league pioneered the use of equipping referees with wireless microphones to announce penalties and clarify complex or unusual rulings to both fans and the media.
1971 NFL season 1971 National Football League season

The 1971 NFL season was the 52nd regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl VI when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Miami Dolphins 24–3 at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans. The Pro Bowl took place on January 23, 1972, at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum; the NFC beat the AFC 26–13.

This article contains an in-depth explanation of the history of the Dallas Cowboys, a professional American football team that competes in the National Football League (NFL).

The 1995 Dallas Cowboys season was the franchise's 36th season in the National Football League and was the second year under head coach Barry Switzer and final of the three Super Bowl titles they would win during 1992 to 1995. Dallas would be the first team to ever win three Super Bowls in a span of four seasons. Switzer guided the Cowboys to a fifth Super Bowl win by defeating the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XXX. As of 2021, this is the last time the Cowboys appeared in the NFC Championship Game, and in turn, their last Super Bowl appearance.

1981 San Francisco 49ers season NFL team season (first Super Bowl win)

The 1981 San Francisco 49ers season was the franchise's 32nd season in the National Football League, their 36th overall and their third under head coach Bill Walsh.

The 1994 season was the San Francisco 49ers' 45th in the National Football League, the 49th overall and their sixth under head coach George Seifert. This season was highlighted by a victory in Super Bowl XXIX. The championship made San Francisco the first team to win five Super Bowls. After losing to the Dallas Cowboys in the previous two conference championship games, the 49ers made significant acquisitions in the 1994 free agent market. This included the signing of two-sport star Deion Sanders and Cowboys linebacker Ken Norton, Jr.. Sanders had a major impact on the team's success, winning the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award and recording six interceptions. The 49ers won their division, the NFC West, for the eighth time in nine seasons.

As with all sports leagues, there are a number of significant rivalries between teams and notable players in the National Football League (NFL). Rivalries are occasionally created due to a particular event that causes bad blood between teams, players, coaches, or owners, but for the most part, they arise simply due to the frequency with which some teams play each other, and sometimes exist for geographic reasons.

Dan Quinn (American football) American football coach (born 1970)

Daniel Patrick Quinn is an American football coach who is the defensive coordinator for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL). He came to prominence as the defensive coordinator of the Seattle Seahawks from 2013 to 2014, where he was the playcaller for the team's Legion of Boom secondary. Under Quinn, Seattle led the league in defense and made two consecutive Super Bowl appearances, winning the franchise's first in Super Bowl XLVIII. This success led to Quinn being named head coach of the Atlanta Falcons, where he served for six seasons.

References

  1. "NFL History by Decade: 1981–1990". NFL.com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
  2. Baker, Chris (October 17, 1991). "He Goes From Toast to Ghost, but Patterson Still Feels Special". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  3. Baker, Chris (November 25, 1991). "This Elvis Alive and Well on Special Teams : Raiders: Patterson picks up blocked punt and scores and also has key block on Brown's punt return for touchdown". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  4. "Dallas deals Walsh to New Orleans". articles.latimes.com. Associated Press. September 25, 1990. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  5. "Ed 'Too Tall' Jones announces retirement". UPI. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
  6. "Illness-shortened careers". Reading Eagle. Pennsylvania. November 12, 1991. p. D12.
  7. "NFL referee Jorgensen dies". UPI. (archives). October 10, 1990. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  8. Brulia, Tim. "NFL game officials uniforms: 1990". Gridiron Uniform Database. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  9. "NFL ref says his age reason for demotion". Spokane Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. September 5, 1990. p. D2.
  10. "Former Referee Suing NFL" The Record (New Jersey) July 26, 1991, pp. D3
  11. "NFL Pays $165,000 To Ex-Ref: Age Discrimination Suit Finally Settled" Rocky Mountain News January 6, 1993, pp. 58
  12. "Darryl Usher, a reserve wide receiver and..." Los Angeles Times. February 25, 1990. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  13. Bears rookie, companion killed in auto crash
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. Belock, Joe; ‘Sweet 16: Patriots and Panthers join ranks of NFL teams to begin season 10-0 ’; New York Daily News, November 24, 2015
  16. 1 2 Sports Illustrated. "Most NFL Single Game Sacks". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  17. "Individual Records: Passing". NFL Records. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008.
  18. Services, From Times Wire (December 20, 1990). "THE SIDELINES : U.S. Flag to Grace NFL Helmets". Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2018 via LA Times.
  19. Quinn, Kevin G. (2011). The Economics of the National Football League: The State of the Art. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 338. ISBN   978-1-4419-6289-8.