"The Heart of California" 
|Coordinates: 36°57′41″N120°03′39″W / 36.96139°N 120.06083°W Coordinates: 36°57′41″N120°03′39″W / 36.96139°N 120.06083°W|
|Regions|| Central Valley |
|Incorporated||March 27, 1907 |
|• Type||Council and Manager |
|• City council |
|• City administrator||Arnoldo Rodriguez |
|• City||16.48 sq mi (42.67 km2)|
|• Land||16.48 sq mi (42.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||272 ft (83 m)|
|• Density||4,000/sq mi (1,600/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||277552, 2410906|
Madera (Spanish for "Wood") is a city and county seat of Madera County, California.  As of the 2020 United States census, the city's population was 66,224. 
Located in the San Joaquin Valley, Madera is the principal city of the Madera Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the Fresno-Madera-Hanford Combined Statistical Area. The city is home to the Madera Unified School District.
The town was named after the Spanish term for lumber.  The town was laid out by the California Lumber Company in 1876.  From 1876 to 1931, a 63-mile (101 km) water flume carried lumber from the mountains to Madera where the lumber was shipped by train.
The first post office at Madera opened in 1877.   On May 16, 1893, Madera County officially became a county of the state of California  and the town incorporated as the City of Madera on March 27, 1907.  One of the city's first African Americans to hold an elected office was Rev. Naaman N. Haynes, who was voted in as a Madera Unified School District school board trustee in the 1960s. 
Landmarks include the historic Madera County Courthouse, the notable Madera water tower, and a fully operational drive-in movie theater. 
Madera is located at 36°57′41″N120°03′39″W / 36.96139°N 120.06083°W .  The geographic center of California is 38 mi (61 km) east of Madera. Via California Route 99, the city is 23 miles (37 km) northwest of Fresno and 72 miles (116 km) southeast of Modesto. According to the United States Census Bureau, Madera has a total area of 16.5 square miles (43 km2), all of it recorded as land.  The Fresno River, a tributary of the San Joaquin River, passes through the city north of downtown.
Madera is the location of the Madera AVA wine region.
Madera has a steppe climate (Köppen: BSk),  in the central zone of this climatic subtype.  Average January temperatures are a maximum of 54.2 °F (12.3 °C) and a minimum of 36.8 °F (2.7 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 96.6 °F (35.9 °C) and a minimum of 62.3 °F (16.8 °C). Annually, there are an average of 103.9 afternoons with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, 26.1 afternoons reaching or exceeding 100 °F (38 °C), and an average of 24.6 mornings with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C), recorded on July 13, 1961. The record low temperature was 15 °F (−9 °C), recorded on January 10, 1949.
The average annual rainfall is 11.87 inches (301.5 mm) and there are an average of 59.3 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 22.13 inches (562.1 mm) and the driest was 2013 with 4.49 inches (114.0 mm).  The most rainfall in one month was 7.11 inches (180.6 mm), in March 1991. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 1.98 inches (50.3 mm), on November 21, 1978. Although snowfall is rare, 4.0 inches (10 cm) fell in January 1962. 
|Climate data for Madera, CA (near Independent Academy), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1928-2014|
|Record high °F (°C)||79|
|Average high °F (°C)||54.0|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||44.9|
|Average low °F (°C)||35.9|
|Record low °F (°C)||15|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.98|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8||7||7||4||2||1||0||0||1||2||5||7||44|
|Average relative humidity (%)||83||76||68||60||52||46||41||45||51||57||70||81||61|
|Source 1: WRCC |
|Source 2: WeatherBase |
|U.S. Decennial Census |
The 2010 United States Census  reported that Madera had a population of 61,416. The population density was 3,889.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,501.8/km2). The racial makeup of Madera was 30,640 (49.9%) White, 2,069 (3.4%) African American, 1,933 (3.1%) Native American, 1,369 (2.2%) Asian, 72 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 22,603 (36.8%) from other races, and 2,730 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race accounted for 47,103 people (76.7% of the population).
The Census reported that 60,825 people (99.0% of the population) lived in households, 418 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 173 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 15,938 households, out of which 9,003 (56.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,521 (53.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,917 (18.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,450 (9.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,323 (8.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 97 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,374 households (14.9%) were made up of individuals, and 1,077 (6.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.82. There were 12,888 families (80.9% of all households); the average family size was 4.09.
The population was spread out, with 21,338 people (34.7%) under the age of 18, 7,732 people (12.6%) aged 18 to 24, 17,287 people (28.1%) aged 25 to 44, 10,407 people (16.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,652 people (7.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males.
There were 17,049 housing units at an average density of 1,079.8 per square mile (416.9/km2), of which 8,096 (50.8%) were owner-occupied, and 7,842 (49.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. 28,785 people (46.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32,040 people (52.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census  of 2000, there were 43,207 people, 11,978 households, and 9,438 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,515.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,357.3/km2). There were 12,521 housing units at an average density of 1,018.7 per square mile (393.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.2% White, 3.9% African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 38.0% from other races, and 5.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67.8% of the population.
There were 11,978 households, out of which 48.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 3.90.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 35.4% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,033, and the median income for a family was $31,927. Males had a median income of $29,776 versus $23,210 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,674. About 25.6% of families and 32.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the US Census Bureau from July 1, 2019, the total population for the City of Madera was 65,860, and the median household income was $42,581. 
Madera, is governed by a mayor elected at large, and six city council members elected by the people in their districts. Madera is the County seat of the County of Madera. In the California State Legislature, Madera is in the 12th Senate District , represented by Republican Shannon Grove, and in the 5th Assembly District , represented by Republican Joe Patterson. 
In the United States House of Representatives, Madera is in California's 16th congressional district , represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo. 
Within the city, State Route 99 carries traffic in a generally northwest / southeast orientation. East of the city, State Route 41 can be accessed via either eastbound county roads or via State Route 145, the latter of which turns from a northeast–southwest bearing to a directly south orientation within the city. The eastern terminus of State Route 152 is located 10 miles (16 km) to the north of the city, on State Route 99.
Just north of Madera is the Madera Amtrak station. A California High-Speed Rail stop is also planned. 
There is a Greyhound bus station located downtown. 
The City of Madera provides local intracity public transportation services under the Madera Metro branding.  Madera residents can travel conveniently from neighborhoods to shopping centers, local schools, medical offices and work sites on the Madera Metro fixed-route transit services. Madera County Connection, a county agency, provides intercity bus services to other communities in Madera County. 
Madera Municipal Airport is a general aviation airport owned and operated by the City of Madera. It is situated on approximately 524 acres on the northwest edge of the city and is supervised by the Madera Public Works Department. Madera residents also have access to the nearby Yosemite International Airport, located in Fresno.
Noteworthy persons from Madera include:
Fresno County, officially the County of Fresno, is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 1,008,654. The county seat is Fresno, the fifth-most populous city in California.
Madera County, officially the County of Madera, is a county at the geographic center of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 156,255. The county seat is Madera.
Fresno is a major city in the San Joaquin Valley of California, United States. It is the county seat of Fresno County and the largest city in the greater Central Valley region. It covers about 115 square miles (300 km2) and had a population of 542,107 as of the 2020 Census, making it the fifth-most populous city in California, the most populous inland city in California, and the 33rd-most populous city in the nation.
Friant is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 549 at the 2010 census, down from 778 at the 2000 census. Friant is located 11.5 miles (19 km) north of Clovis, at an elevation of 344 feet.
Huron is a small city in Fresno County, California, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,754, up from 6,306 at the 2000 census. During the harvest season, the population swells to over 15,000 people due to the influx of migrant farm workers. Huron is located 15 miles (24 km) east-northeast of Coalinga, at an elevation of 374 feet. Huron was the city with the highest proportion of Hispanic or Latino people in the United States, according to the 2000 United States Census.
Kerman is a city at the intersection of State Route 180 and State Route 145 in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 13,544 at the 2010 census. Kerman is located 15 miles (24 km) west of Fresno, at an elevation of 220 feet.
Kingsburg is a city in Fresno County, California. Kingsburg is located 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Selma at an elevation of 302 feet, on the banks of the Kings River. The city is 21 miles (34 km) from Fresno, and about 130 miles (210 km) from the California Central Coast and Sierra Nevada mountain range. The population was 12,380 at the 2020 census.
Parlier is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 14,494, up from 11,145 in 2000. The city has one of the state's highest percentage of Latinos, a large majority of whom are seasonal migrant laborers who arrive and temporarily work in the area's agricultural sector. Parlier is located 5.5 miles (9 km) east-northeast of Selma, at an elevation of 344 feet.
Raisin City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 380 at the 2010 census, up from 165 at the 2000 census. Raisin City is located 13 miles (21 km) south-southwest of downtown Fresno, at an elevation of 236 feet.
Riverdale is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 3,153 at the 2010 census, up from 2,416 at the 2000 census. Riverdale is located 23 miles (37 km) south of Fresno, at an elevation of 223 ft (68 m).
San Joaquin is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 4,001 at the 2010 census, up from 3,270 at the 2000 census. The nearest high school in the area is Tranquillity High School in Tranquillity. San Joaquin is located 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Kerman, at an elevation of 174 feet.
Lake Isabella is a census-designated place (CDP) in the southern Sierra Nevada, in Kern County, California, United States. It is named after the Lake Isabella reservoir and located at its southwestern edge, 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Wofford Heights in the Kern River Valley.
Chowchilla is a city in Madera County, California, United States. The city's population was 19,039 at the 2020 census. Chowchilla is located 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Madera, at an elevation of 240 feet (73 m).
Oakhurst is a census-designated place (CDP) in Madera County, California, United States, 14 miles (23 km) south of the entrance to Yosemite National Park, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. At the 2020 census, the population was 5,945, up from 2,829 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Madera metropolitan statistical area.
Parksdale is a census-designated place (CDP) in Madera County, California, United States. It is part of the Madera Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,234 at the 2020 census, up from 2,621 in 2010.
Corte Madera is an incorporated town in Marin County, California. Corte Madera is located 3.25 miles (5.2 km) south of San Rafael, at an elevation of 39 feet. The population was 10,222 at the 2020 census. The town was named after the Spanish imperative command "chop wood", as the area was famous for producing redwood tree lumber which was used in the construction of the city of San Francisco.
Larkspur is a city in Marin County, California, United States. Larkspur is located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of San Rafael, at an elevation of 43 feet (13 m). As of the 2020 Census, the city's population was 13,064. Larkspur's Police Department is shared with that of the neighboring Corte Madera and town of San Anselmo as the Central Marin Police Authority. Intersecting Larkspur's downtown is Madrone Canyon, a residential area amidst a redwood grove.
Fairmead is a census-designated place in Madera County, California, United States. It is located 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Madera, at an elevation of 253 feet (77 m), and bordered to the northwest by Chowchilla. The population was 1,235 at the 2020 census.
Rolling Hills is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Madera County, California, United States, north of Fresno on State Route 41. It lies at an elevation of 371 feet (113 m). The population was 793 at the 2020 census.
Yosemite Lakes Park is an unincorporated community in Madera County, California. It lies at an elevation of 1,230 feet (370 m). As a census-designated place (CDP) it is known as Yosemite Lakes. It is part of the Madera Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 5,022 at the 2020 census.