"Preserving our past, enriching our present, building our future"
|Coordinates: 38°20′56″N120°46′27″W / 38.34889°N 120.77417°W Coordinates: 38°20′56″N120°46′27″W / 38.34889°N 120.77417°W|
|County Seat, Amador County||1854|
|Incorporated||December 5, 1905 |
|• Mayor||Steve McLean |
|• Vice Mayor||Chad Simmons |
|• State Senate||Angelique Ashby (D) |
|• State Assembly||Joe Patterson (R) |
|• U. S. Congress||Mike Thompson (D) |
|• Total||3.58 sq mi (9.27 km2)|
|• Land||3.58 sq mi (9.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||1,217 ft (371 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,351.96/sq mi (521.93/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1658849, 2410128|
Jackson (formerly, Botilleas, Botilleas Spring, Bottileas, Bottle Spring,  and Botellas)  is a city in and the county seat of Amador County, California. Its population was 4,651 at the 2010 census, up from 3,989 at the 2000 census. The city is accessible by both State Route 49 and State Route 88.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), all of it land. Jackson Creek traverses the city. Alluvial soils such as Pardee cobbly loam is found throughout the Jackson area.
According to the Köppen climate classification, Jackson has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (abbreviated Csa).
|Climate data for Jackson, 1991–2020 simulated normals (1243 ft elevation)|
|Average high °F (°C)||55.4|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||46.4|
|Average low °F (°C)||37.2|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||5.54|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||38.1|
|Source: PRISM Climate Group |
The area was inhabited by the Northern Sierra Indians, who occupied areas along creeks, spring, and seep areas, including permanent and seasonal drainages, flat ridges, and terraces. Therefore, areas along watercourses are considered likely locations for prehistoric cultural resources. Permanent villages were usually placed on elevations above seasonal flood levels. Surrounding areas were used for hunting and seed, acorn, and grass gathering.
Jackson, named after Colonel Alden Jackson, was founded in 1848 around a year-round spring. Settlement of the region by American pioneers was stimulated by the discovery of gold in the Sierra foothills around 1848. The settlement was named for a local lawyer who was liked by miners named Alden Appola Moore Jackson. Although Amador County was an important mining center, its county seat of Jackson was not typical of the early gold camps. The camp grew quickly, as besides being a popular mining spot, it was also a convenient stopping place on the road from Sacramento to the Southern Mines. The camp became an important supply and transportation center for the neighboring towns, and by 1850, its population had reached an estimated 1,500. Jackson grew first as a watering hole for cattle, then as one of the earliest and most durable of the mother lode's hard rock mining areas. In 1853, Jackson became the county seat of newly formed Amador County, California. Previously, from 1851 to 1852, it had been the county seat of Calaveras County.
Placer mining gave out by the 1860s, replaced by hard rock mining. One of the town's most prominent historical landmarks, the Kennedy Mine, began operation in 1860; at the time of its closure during World War II in 1942, it was the deepest gold mine in North America, at 1802 m (5912 ft). On August 27, 1922, 47 miners became trapped when a fire broke out in the Argonaut mine. All 47 men died in the fire, but the last body was not recovered until over a year later. The Argonaut mine incident was the worst gold mine disaster in US history.
In October 1942, the US government passed the War Production Board Limitation Order, which signaled the demise of gold mining in California. The government needed men for the war and gold was not considered a strategic war metal.
|U.S. Decennial Census |
Jackson has large Serbian community and Serbian Orthodox church.
At the 2010 census, Jackson had a population of 4,651. The population density was 1,246.9 inhabitants per square mile (481.4/km2). The racial makeup of Jackson was 4,090 (87.9%) White, 32 (0.7%) African American, 94 (2.0%) Native American, 60 (1.3%) Asian, 4 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 185 (4.0%) from other races, and 186 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 520 people (11.2%). 
The census reported that 4,423 people (95.1% of the population) lived in households, 12 (0.3%) lived in noninstitutionalized group quarters, and 216 (4.6%) were institutionalized.
Of the 2,065 households, 537 (26.0%) had children under 18 living in them, 822 (39.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 294 (14.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 98 (4.7%) had a male householder with no wife present., 120 (5.8%) were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, five (0.2%) were same-sex married couples or partnerships; 747 households (36.2%) were one person and 438 (21.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.14. Of the 1,214 families (58.8% of households), the average family size was 2.75.
The age distribution was 945 people (20.3%) under 18, 306 people (6.6%) 18 to 24, 1,030 people (22.1%) 25 to 44, 1,197 people (25.7%) 45 to 64, and 1,173 people (25.2%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 46.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.
The 2,309 housing units had an average density of 619.0 per square mile (239.0/km2),of which 2,065 were occupied, 1,122 (54.3%) by the owners and 943 (45.7%) by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%; 2,305 people (49.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,118 people (45.5%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census, 3,989 people in 1,746 households, including 1,023 families, lived in the city. The population density was 1,135.8 inhabitants per square mile (438.5/km2). The 1,859 housing units had an average density of 529.3 per square mile (204.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. About 6.5% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.  Of the 1,746 households, 24.0% had children under 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were not families. About 36.1% of households were one person, and 20.0% were one person 65 or older. The average household size was 2.13, and the average family size was 2.74.
The age distribution was 20.0% under 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 28.8% 65 or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.3 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 75.3 males.
The median income for a household was $35,944 and for a family was $45,887. Males had a median income of $40,444 versus $35,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,399. About 4.1% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Jackson has only one high school, Argonaut High School. The school's namesake is the Argonaut Mine, located in town.
Amador County is a county located in the U.S. state of California, in the Sierra Nevada. As of the 2020 census, the population was 40,474. The county seat is Jackson. Amador County, located within California's Gold Country, is known as "The Heart of the Mother Lode". There is a substantial viticultural industry in the county.
Calaveras County, officially the County of Calaveras, is a county in both the Gold Country and High Sierra regions of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,292. The county seat is San Andreas. Angels Camp is the county's only incorporated city. Calaveras is Spanish for "skulls"; the county was reportedly named for the remains of Native Americans discovered by the Spanish explorer Captain Gabriel Moraga.
Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 32,653. Its county seat is Jackson. The county is named for Andrew Jackson, a hero of the War of 1812 who was subsequently elected President of the United States. It is known as "The Little Wales of Ohio." Jackson County comprises the Jackson, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Amador City is a city in Amador County, California, United States. The population was 185 as of the 2010 Census, down from 196 in 2000, making it the least populous incorporated city in California. Amador City is also noted for being the smallest city in California by area.
Ione is a city in Amador County, California. The population was 7,918 at the 2010 census, up from 7,129 in 2000. Once known as "Bed-Bug" and "Freeze Out," Ione was an important supply center on the main road to the Mother Lode and Southern Mines during the California Gold Rush.
Sutter Creek is a city in Amador County, California, United States. The population was 2,501 at the 2010 census, up from 2,303 at the 2000 census. It is accessible via State Route 49.
Copperopolis is an unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP) in Calaveras County, California, United States. The population was 3,671 at the 2010 census, up from 2,363 at the 2000 census. The town is located along State Route 4 and is registered as California Historical Landmark #296.
Murphys, originally Murphys New Diggings then Murphy's Camp, is an unincorporated village located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains in Calaveras County, California, United States. The population was 2,213 at the 2010 census, up from 2,061 at the 2000 census.
Rail Road Flat is a census-designated place (CDP) in Calaveras County, California, United States. The population was 475 at the 2010 census, down from 549 at the 2000 census.
San Andreas is an unincorporated census-designated place and the county seat of Calaveras County, California. The population was 2,783 at the 2010 census, up from 2,615 at the 2000 census. Like most towns in the region, it was founded during the California Gold Rush. The town is located on State Route 49 and is registered as California Historical Landmark #252.
Georgetown is a census-designated place (CDP) in El Dorado County, California. It is the northeasternmost town in the California Mother Lode. The population was 2,367 at the 2010 census, up from 962 in 2000. The town is registered as California Historical Landmark #484.
Grass Valley is a city in Nevada County, California, United States. Situated at roughly 2,500 feet (760 m) in elevation in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, this northern Gold Country city is 57 miles (92 km) by car from Sacramento, 64 miles (103 km) from Sacramento International Airport, 88 miles (142 km) west of Reno, and 143 miles (230 km) northeast of San Francisco. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 12,860.
Cherokee is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Butte County, California. It is an area inhabited by Maidu Indians prior to the gold rush, but that takes its name from a band of Cherokee prospectors who perfected a mining claim on the site. The population was 69 at the 2010 census. It lies at an elevation of 1306 feet.
The Argonaut Mine is a gold mine in Jackson, California, United States. The deposit was discovered 1850 and was the site of the worst gold-mining disaster in the state's history. The mine closed in 1942 and, along with the nearby Kennedy Mine, is registered as California Historical Landmark #786.
Volcano is a census-designated place in Amador County, California. It lies at an elevation of 2070 feet. The population was 115 at the 2010 census. It is located at 38°26′35″N120°37′51″W, just north of Pine Grove. The town is registered as a California Historical Landmark. The community is in ZIP code 95689 and area code 209.
Drytown is a census-designated place in Amador County, California. It is located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Plymouth on Dry Creek, at an elevation of 646 feet. The population at the 2010 census was 167. The town is registered as a California Historical Landmark. The community is in ZIP code 95699 and area code 209. Today Drytown is home to a population of less than 200 people and about 5 antiques stores. But once before it was a well-known hotspot thanks to the gold mines with a population of 10,000 people.
Pine Grove is a census-designated place in Amador County, California. It lies at an elevation of 2513 feet. The population was 2,219 at the 2010 census. It is located at 38°24′47″N120°39′32″W, along State Route 88. The community is in ZIP code 95665 and area code 209.
Fiddletown is a census-designated place in Amador County, California. It lies at an elevation of 1683 feet. It is located at 38°30′14″N120°45′20″W. The town is registered as a California Historical Landmark and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NPS-78000655). The community is in ZIP code 95629 and area code 209. Fiddletown's population was 235 at the 2010 census.
Martell is a census-designated place in Amador County, California, United States. It is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northwest of Jackson, at an elevation of 1486 feet. The population was 282 at the 2010 census.
Sierra City is a census-designated place in Sierra County, California, United States. The elevation of Sierra City is 4,147 feet (1,264 m), and the town is situated in the canyon of the North Yuba River on California State Route 49, twelve miles northeast of the county seat of Sierra County, Downieville. The population was 221 at the 2010 census.