Mount Tom (California)

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Mount Tom
Mount-tom.jpg
Mount Tom from the northeast
Highest point
Elevation 13,658 ft (4,163 m)  NAVD 88 [1]
Prominence 1,972 ft (601 m) [1]
Parent peak Mount Humphreys [2]
Listing
Coordinates 37°20′19″N118°39′30″W / 37.3385441°N 118.6584507°W / 37.3385441; -118.6584507 Coordinates: 37°20′19″N118°39′30″W / 37.3385441°N 118.6584507°W / 37.3385441; -118.6584507 [5]
Geography
Location Inyo County, California, U.S.
Parent range Sierra Nevada
Topo map USGS Mount Tom
Climbing
First ascent 1860s, Thomas Clark [6]
Easiest route Scramble, class 2 [7]

Mount Tom is a large and prominent peak near the city of Bishop in Inyo County of eastern California. It is in the Sierra Nevada and east of the Sierra Crest. The mountain is also in the John Muir Wilderness.

Contents

Along with its neighbor to the south, Basin Mountain, it dominates the western skyline from the upper Owens Valley.

History

The first name given to the mountain is Winuba, meaning "Standing Tall" in Owens Valley Paiute (Nüümü). [8] The mountain is currently named for Thomas Clark, a resident of the pioneer town of Owensville, who is credited with being the first white settler to ascend the peak in the 1860s. [6] Mount Tom and Mount Morgan were part of the Pine Creek mining operation which was important producer of tungsten for much of the 20th century although the scheelite ore deposits are now largely depleted and mines have closed.

Climbing

The Owens Valley, at the base of Mt. Tom, is a little over 4,000 feet, and the summit of Mt. Tom is 13,658, for almost 10,000 feet of relief. The common routes up Mount Tom are not technically difficult, most are class 2-3, but they are all strenuous and long. [9] Summiting Mount Tom is possible in a single day, but should only be attempted by those in very good physical condition.

Horton Creek Canyon is a common out and back hiking route and 14 mile [10] out and back trail with 5,652 feet of elevation gain. [10] The trailhead at Horton Creek Canyon is 8000 feet in elevation, it is 3.6 miles hike with about 2000 feet of elevation gain to reach Horton Lake. There campers may, with an overnight wilderness permit, choose to spend the night. From Horton Lake hikers head up the southern ridge of Mount Tom to the summit with 1,750 feet of off trail class 2 scrambling. [10]

There are multiple technical climbing routes on Mount Tom including:

Skiing

Mount Tom from the East. Elderberry Canyon is the clearly visible S shaped canyon. Mt. Tom shot from 395.JPG
Mount Tom from the East. Elderberry Canyon is the clearly visible S shaped canyon.

Mount Tom is a popular back-country ski descent in the Spring years when there is enough snow. Elderberry canyon is the most popular ski descent. It is 7000 vertical feet of skiing and is steeper towards to summit. [11]

On March 26, 2005 five skiers in Elderberry Canyon on Mount Tom were caught in two separate avalanches caused by the same party. One skier was injured, two skiers were buried and killed. [12]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Mount Tom, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  2. "Mount Tom". ListsOfJohn.com. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  3. "Sierra Peaks Section List" (PDF). Angeles Chapter, Sierra Club . Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  4. "Western States Climbers List". Climber.org. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  5. "Mount Tom". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  6. 1 2 Farquhar, Francis P. (1926). Place Names of the High Sierra. San Francisco: Sierra Club . Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  7. Roper, Steve (1976). The Climber's Guide to the High Sierra. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. p. 141. ISBN   9780871561473.
  8. Nelson Jr., Glenn. Owens Valley Paiute Dictionary. Bishop, CA: Nuumu Yadoha Language Program.
  9. "Mount Tom : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering : SummitPost". www.summitpost.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
  10. 1 2 3 "Mount Tom (from Horton Lake)". AllTrails.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
  11. 1 2 3 Secor, R. J. (2009). The High Sierra: Peaks, Passes, Trails. Mountaineers Books; 3rd edition. p. 326. ISBN   0898869714.
  12. "Avalanche.org - Detailed Accident Report". www.avalanche.org. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-04-11.