Kirkwood, California

Last updated
Kirkwood
Kirkwood Mountain Resort in the summer.jpg
Kirkwood Mountain Resort
Alpine County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Kirkwood Highlighted.svg
Location in Alpine County and the state of California
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kirkwood
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°42′10″N120°04′22″W / 38.70278°N 120.07278°W / 38.70278; -120.07278 Coordinates: 38°42′10″N120°04′22″W / 38.70278°N 120.07278°W / 38.70278; -120.07278
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
Counties Alpine & Amador and El Dorado
Government
   State Senate Brian Dahle (R) and
Andreas Borgeas (R) [1]
   State Assembly Frank Bigelow (R) [2]
   U. S. Congress Tom McClintock (R) [3]
Area
  Total5.334 sq mi (13.815 km2)
  Land4.359 sq mi (11.290 km2)
  Water0.975 sq mi (2.525 km2)  18.28%
Elevation
7,690 ft (2,344 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total158
  Density30/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95646
Area code(s) 209
FIPS code 06-38646
GNIS feature IDs 262202, 2408489

Kirkwood (formerly, Kirk, Kirkwood's, and Roundtop) [4] is a census-designated place in Alpine and Amador [5] counties, California, United States. The population was 158 at the 2010 census. [6] Kirkwood's main attraction is the Kirkwood Mountain Resort. The town is accessible by State Route 88. Kirkwood is within the Eldorado National Forest.

Contents

History

Zack Kirkwood, a cattle rancher who had settled in the area, opened an inn, named Kirkwood's, in 1863 with the opening of the Amador/Nevada Wagon Toll Road, the primary route through the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The following year, Alpine County was created and the redrawing of the county borders placed the inn at the convergence of Alpine, El Dorado, and Amador counties (the borders were later changed so the inn is no longer in El Dorado County, but the original signpost marking the intersection of the three is still in the building). Eventually, the inn became a fashionable summer resort.

After Zack's death, the inn stayed in the family and continued to operate until 1966, when it was sold to an investment group, who then converted it into the present-day Kirkwood Mountain Resort.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.3 square miles (14 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (18.28%) is water.

Climate

Kirkwood has a dry-summer subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsc). Summertime is very mild, with little precipitation, while winter is very wet and cold.

Climate data for Kirkwood, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)38
(3)
39
(4)
42
(6)
47
(8)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
71
(22)
65
(18)
56
(13)
45
(7)
40
(4)
53
(12)
Average low °F (°C)15
(−9)
16
(−9)
18
(−8)
22
(−6)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
42
(6)
42
(6)
37
(3)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
Average precipitation inches (mm)8.7
(220)
7.6
(190)
6.6
(170)
3.8
(97)
2.1
(53)
1.1
(28)
0.6
(15)
0.6
(15)
1
(25)
2.5
(64)
5.2
(130)
7.3
(190)
47
(1,200)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

2010

At the 2010 census Kirkwood had a population of 158. The population density was 29.6 people per square mile (11.4/km2). The racial makeup of Kirkwood was 153 (96.8%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 4 (2.5%) Native American, 1 (0.6%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 0 (0.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6 people (3.8%). [9]

The census reported that 134 people (84.8% of the population) lived in households, 24 (15.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized.

There were 72 households, 13 (18.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26 (36.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1 (1.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 7 (9.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 31 households (43.1%) were one person and 8 (11.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 1.86. There were 29 families (40.3% of households); the average family size was 2.72.

The age distribution was 20 people (12.7%) under the age of 18, 21 people (13.3%) aged 18 to 24, 41 people (25.9%) aged 25 to 44, 51 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 25 people (15.8%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 44.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 150.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 176.0 males.

There were 757 housing units at an average density of 141.9 per square mile (54.8/km2). 72 (9.5%) housing units were occupied year-round, of which 45 (62.5%) were owner-occupied, and 27 (37.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.0%. 96 people (60.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 38 people (24.1%) lived in rental housing units. 673 (88.9%) housing units were designated as seasonal use only.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 96 people, 19 households, and 4 families in the CDP. The population density was 43.5 people per square mile (16.8/km2). There were 82 housing units at an average density of 37.1 per square mile (14.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.50% White, 2.08% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 1.04% Pacific Islander, and 7.29% from two or more races. 5.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [10] Of the 19 households 5.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.1% were married couples living together, and 78.9% were non-families. 5.3% of households were one person and 5.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 5.05 and the average family size was 2.75.

The age distribution was 7.3% under the age of 18, 62.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 5.2% from 45 to 64, and 1.0% 65 or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 255.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 256.0 males.

The median household income was $46,250 and the median family income was $0. Males had a median income of $17,917 versus $11,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,853. There were no families and 0.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under 18 and 0.0% of those over 64.

In episode 4 of season 2 of The West Wing entitled "In This White House", Deputy White House Communications Director Sam Seaborn references Kirkwood in a television program debate about school funding, though he mistakenly states that Kirkwood is located in Oregon. His debate competitor, Ainsley Hayes, corrects him by noting that the town is located in California. [11]

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References

  1. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  2. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  3. "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  4. Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1175. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
  5. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kirkwood, California
  6. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-24.[ dead link ]
  7. "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 21, 2013.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Kirkwood CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "The West Wing: Second Season - "In This White House" exchange". westwing.bewarne.com. Retrieved 24 November 2018.