Oregon State Senate

Last updated

Oregon State Senate
Oregon Legislative Assembly
Seal of Oregon.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 22, 2019
Leadership
Peter Courtney (D)
since January 13, 2003
President pro Tempore
Laurie Monnes Anderson (D)
since January 9, 2017
Majority Leader
Rob Wagner (D)
since May 22, 2020
Minority Leader
Fred Girod (R)
since January 22, 2019
Structure
Seats30
Oregon Senate 2019-2021.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Democratic (18)

Minority

Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Oregon Constitution
Salary$21,612/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
(14 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(16 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
OregonSenateChambersCenter.jpg
State Senate Chamber
Oregon State Capitol
Salem, Oregon
Website
Oregon State Senate
2019-2021 map of Senators Oregon Senate map 2020.svg
2019–2021 map of Senators

The Oregon State Senate is the upper house of the statewide legislature for the US state of Oregon. Along with the lower chamber Oregon House of Representatives it makes up the Oregon Legislative Assembly. There are 30 members of the State Senate, representing 30 districts across the state, each with a population of 114,000. The State Senate meets at the Oregon State Capitol in Salem.

Contents

Oregon State Senators serve four-year terms without term limits. In 2002, the Oregon Supreme Court struck down the decade-old Oregon Ballot Measure 3, that had restricted State Senators to two terms (eight years) on procedural grounds. [1]

Like certain other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the United States Senate, the State Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to state departments, commissions, boards, and other state governmental agencies.

The current Senate President is Peter Courtney of Salem. [2]

Oregon, along with Arizona, Maine, and Wyoming, is one of the four U.S. states to not have the Office of the Lieutenant Governor, a position which for most upper houses of state legislatures and for the United States Congress (with the Vice President) is the head of the legislative body and holder of the casting vote in the event of a tie. Instead, a separate position of Senate President is in place, removed from the state executive branch. If the chamber is tied, legislators must devise their own methods of resolving the impasse. In 2002, for example, Oregon's state senators entered into a power sharing contract whereby Democratic senators nominated the Senate President while Republican senators chaired key committees. [3]

Milestones

Kathryn Clarke was the first woman to serve in Oregon's Senate. Women became eligible to run for the Oregon state legislature in 1914 and later that year Clarke was appointed to fill a vacant seat in Douglas county by her cousin, governor Oswald West. Following some controversy concerning whether West had the authority to appoint someone to fill the vacancy, Clarke campaigned and was elected by voters in 1915. [4] She took office five years before Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution protected the right of all American women to vote.

In 1982, Mae Yih became the first Chinese-American elected to a state senate in the United States.

Composition

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of 75th Assembly (2010)1812300
76th Assembly (2011–2012)1614300
77th Assembly (2013–2014)1614300
78th Assembly (2015–2016)1812300
79th Assembly (2017–2018)1713300
Begin 80th (2019)1812300
May 29, 2019 [5] 11291
June 28, 2019 [6] 12300
January 2, 2020 [7] 11291
January 6, 2020 [8] 12300
Latest voting share

Redistricting

During the 2011 legislative session, the House and Senate passed Senate Bill 989, which implemented new legislative districts for the 2012 elections and beyond. [9]

Statewide view of 2012 Senate Districts State Senate Districts 2012.gif
Statewide view of 2012 Senate Districts
Portland Metro Area view of 2012 Senate Districts Metro Area State Sen.gif
Portland Metro Area view of 2012 Senate Districts

80th Senate

The 80th Oregon Legislative Assembly, which holds its regular session from 2019 to 2021, has the following leadership:

Senate President: Peter Courtney (D–11 Salem)
President Pro Tempore: Laurie Monnes Anderson (D–25 Gresham)
Majority Leader: Rob Wagner (D–19 Lake Oswego)
Minority Leader: Herman Baertschiger Jr. (R-2 Grants Pass)

Past composition of the Senate

See also

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References

  1. Green, Ashbel S.; Lisa Grace Lednicer (January 17, 2006). "State high court strikes term limits". Oregonian. Portland, Oregon: Oregonian Publishing. pp. A1.
  2. Oregon Blue Book: Senate Presidents of Oregon
  3. National Conference of State Legislatures. "In Case of a Tie..." Retrieved November 3, 2010.
  4. Kimberly Jensen. "Kathryn Clarke". The Oregon Encyclopedia .
  5. Republican Jackie Winters (District 10) died.
  6. Republican Denyc Boles appointed to succeed Winters.
  7. Republican Cliff Bentz (District 30) resigned.
  8. Republican Lynn Findley appointed to succeed Bentz.
  9. "Tracking Senate Bill 989 in the Oregon Legislature". Your Government :: The Oregonian. Retrieved December 31, 2020.