Lincoln City, Oregon

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Lincoln City, Oregon
Portion of the Lincoln City coastline.jpg
Portion of the Lincoln City coastline looking north towards the neighborhood of Roads End
Lincoln City Seal.png
Motto(s): 
A great place to try new things
Lincoln County Oregon Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lincoln City Highlighted.svg
Location in Oregon
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Lincoln City
Location within Oregon
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Lincoln City
Location within the United States
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Lincoln City
Lincoln City (North America)
Coordinates: 44°58′20″N124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111 Coordinates: 44°58′20″N124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon
County Lincoln
Incorporated 1965
Named for Abraham Lincoln
Government
  Type Council-manager
   Mayor Susan Wahlke
   Interim City Manager Lila Bradley
Area
[1]
  Total6.08 sq mi (15.76 km2)
  Land6.05 sq mi (15.67 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
4 ft (1 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020) [2]
  Total9,815
  Density1,515.70/sq mi (585.21/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97367
Area code(s) 541/458
FIPS code 41-42600 [2]
GNIS feature ID1158323 [3]
Website www.lincolncity.org

Lincoln City is a city in Lincoln County on the Oregon Coast between Tillamook and Newport. It is named after the county, which was named in honor of former U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The population was 9,815 at the 2020 Census. During the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, this city was the first in the path of totality to view a total solar eclipse.

Contents

History

Lincoln City was incorporated on March 3, 1965, uniting the cities of Delake, Oceanlake and Taft, and the unincorporated communities of Cutler City and Nelscott. These were adjacent communities along U.S. Route 101, which serves as Lincoln City's main street. The name "Lincoln City" was chosen from contest entries submitted by local school children. The contest was held when it was determined that using one of the five communities' names would be too controversial. [4]

Former communities

View overlooking the Roads End neighborhood of Lincoln City Lincoln City Skyline.jpg
View overlooking the Roads End neighborhood of Lincoln City

Cutler City

Cutler City is located on the east shore of Siletz Bay. The community was started by Mr. and Mrs. George Cutler. It is claimed they received the property from Chief Charles "Charley" DePoe of the Siletz tribe (part of the present-day Confederated Tribes of the Siletz). Cutler City post office ran from 1930 until the formation of Lincoln City. [5]

Delake

Delake is near Devils Lake, and was named for the way the local Finnish people pronounced the name of the lake. Delake post office was established in 1924, and reestablished as Oceanlake (see below) in 1927. [5]

Nelscott

Nelscott was named by combining the surnames of Charles P. Nelson and Dr. W.G. Scott, who founded the community in 1926. Nelscott post office ran from 1929 until incorporation as Lincoln City. [5] Nelscott Reef is known for its surf and was in Surfer Magazine in 2003 as one of the Pacific Ocean's best places to surf. [6] [7]

Oceanlake

Oceanlake was named for its position between Devils Lake and the Pacific Ocean. Its post office ran from 1927 until incorporation as Lincoln City. [5] In 1945, Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach and incorporated as a city. [8] The neighborhood is home to Oceanlake Elementary School.

Taft

Taft was named for the 27th U.S. president William Howard Taft. Taft post office was established in 1906, and was named when Taft was Secretary of War. The post office ran until incorporation as Lincoln City. [5]

Portion of Lincoln City, Oregon between the Wecoma Beach and Roads End neighborhoods Coastline of Lincoln City looking South.jpg
Portion of Lincoln City, Oregon between the Wecoma Beach and Roads End neighborhoods

Wecoma Beach

Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach, a community [9] to the north, and was incorporated on November 3, 1945. [10] Wecoma is a Chinook jargon word meaning "sea". [11] The post office at this locale was originally named Wecoma. [11] It was changed to Wecoma Beach in 1949. [11] The office is no longer in operation. [12]

Roads End

On July 1, 2013, Lincoln City forcibly annexed the Roads End community to its north, by informing homeowners they would not receive water service, unless the owner consented to the annexation. [13] [14]

Government

The city operates under a city charter, with a paid city manager, Ron Chandler, acting as chief executive, [15] and a non-paid mayor who is elected for a four-year term, and six-member city council. [16] The city council is elected from three wards and serves four-year terms. [15]

Economy

Chinook Winds Casino hotel complex from the Lincoln City beach Chinook Winds Casino.jpg
Chinook Winds Casino hotel complex from the Lincoln City beach

Lincoln City has three primary economic resources: tourism, healthcare, and retirement. [16]

In 1995 the Confederated Tribes of Siletz opened Chinook Winds Casino at the northern end of the city on property overlooking the Pacific Ocean. [17]

Major employers include Chinook Winds Casino, city government, Lincoln County School District, and Samaritan North Lincoln Hospital. [16]

The Salishan Spa & Golf Resort, located south of Siletz Bay in Gleneden Beach, has dining opportunities, a shopping complex, cabin lodging, and a golf course offering views of the Pacific Ocean.

The city houses a Pig N' Pancake restaurant and a Mo's Seafood & Chowder restaurant, both of which are chains unique to the Oregon Coast.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.68 square miles (14.71 km2), of which, 5.65 square miles (14.63 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water. [18]

Lincoln City is home to one of the world's shortest rivers, the D River, connecting Devil's Lake with the Pacific Ocean. [19]

Climate

The average low temperature in December, the coldest month, is 37 °F (3 °C), and in August, the warmest month, the average high is 69 °F (21 °C). The driest month on average is July, with December the wettest. The average annual precipitation is 76.21 inches (1,936 mm). The average July afternoon humidity is 75%, and the average January afternoon humidity is 84%. [20] The record high in Lincoln City is 100 °F (38 °C), observed on August 2, 2017, while the record low of 4 °F (−16 °C) was observed on January 31, 1950 and December 8, 1972.

Lincoln City's coastline after light snow during February 2019 Lincoln City, Oregon Snow.jpg
Lincoln City's coastline after light snow during February 2019
Climate data for Lincoln City, Oregon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)73
(23)
72
(22)
77
(25)
84
(29)
97
(36)
99
(37)
97
(36)
100
(38)
92
(33)
86
(30)
76
(24)
64
(18)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C)50.3
(10.2)
52.7
(11.5)
54.8
(12.7)
57.3
(14.1)
61.4
(16.3)
64.5
(18.1)
68.4
(20.2)
69.4
(20.8)
68.1
(20.1)
61.6
(16.4)
53.9
(12.2)
49.2
(9.6)
59.3
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C)39.2
(4.0)
39.1
(3.9)
40.1
(4.5)
41.6
(5.3)
45.4
(7.4)
49.1
(9.5)
51.2
(10.7)
51.5
(10.8)
49.0
(9.4)
45.3
(7.4)
41.7
(5.4)
38.3
(3.5)
44.3
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C)4
(−16)
11
(−12)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
35
(2)
39
(4)
32
(0)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
4
(−16)
4
(−16)
Average precipitation inches (mm)10.96
(278)
8.77
(223)
8.47
(215)
5.68
(144)
4.23
(107)
3.07
(78)
1.40
(36)
1.32
(34)
3.11
(79)
5.90
(150)
11.35
(288)
11.95
(304)
76.21
(1,936)
Average snowfall inches (cm)1.3
(3.3)
0.2
(0.51)
0.6
(1.5)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.4
(1.0)
2.7
(6.9)
Source 1: Averages: [21]
Source 2: Records: [22]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 3,400
1970 4,19823.5%
1980 5,46930.3%
1990 5,8927.7%
2000 7,43726.2%
2010 7,9306.6%
2020 9,81523.8%
source: [2]

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,930 people, 3,645 households, and 1,959 families residing in the city. The population density was about 1,404 inhabitants per square mile (542.1/km2). There were 6,025 housing units at an average density of about 1,066 per square mile (411.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.7% White, 0.4% African American, 3.5% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% of the population. [2]

There were 3,645 households, of which about 22% had children under the age of 18 living with them, about 37% were married couples living together, 12% had a female householder with no husband present, about 5% had a male householder with no wife present, and about 46% were non-families. About 37% of all households were made up of individuals, and about 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.74. [2]

The median age in the city was about 46 years. About 18% of residents were under the age of 18; about 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; about 23% were from 25 to 44; about 31% were from 45 to 64; and about 20% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was about 47% male and 53% female. [2]

Healthcare

The Samaritan North Lincoln Hospital is the only hospital in Lincoln City and has associated outpatient medical and specialty clinics. It is a 25-bed critical access hospital with a level IV trauma designation. It is part of the five hospital Samaritan Health Services healthcare system headquartered in Corvallis, Oregon. A new hospital is currently under construction just east of the existing building and is expected to be completed in 2020.[ citation needed ]

Arts and culture

The Lincoln City Cultural Center, housed in the historic DeLake School building, [23] offers a wide variety of classes and events year-round. [24]

Two kite festivals are held annually in Lincoln City, the Summer Kite Festival in June and the Fall Kite Festival in October. Both festivals are each held at D River Wayside, where several other world-class kite events are held. The city is known by some as the "Kite Capital of the World". [25] Lincoln City also provides seasonal glass float drops through Finders Keepers from October to May. [26]

The Siletz Bay Music Festival is held in Lincoln City, in late June and into July, at different locations throughout the city.

Education

Public schools in Lincoln City are served by the Lincoln County School District. [27] There are a variety of private school options including, Faith Baptist Preschool and Kindergarten, Little Lighthouse Preschool, Saint James Santiago School and the Lincoln City Seventh Day Adventist School.

Media

Lincoln City is served by a weekly newspaper, the Lincoln City News Guard , [28] a semi-weekly newspaper, the News-Times , and a daily news source, the Lincoln City Homepage. [29]

KBCH AM 1400 is in Lincoln City and provides Lincoln County news coverage as well as coverage of local sports. [30]

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Siletz, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

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Yachats, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Yachats is a small coastal city in the southernmost area of Lincoln County, Oregon, United States. According to Oregon Geographic Names, the name comes from the Siletz language and means "dark water at the foot of the mountain". There is a range of differing etymologies, however. William Bright says the name comes from the Alsea placename yáx̣ayky. At the 2010 census, the city's population was 690. In 2007, Budget Travel magazine named Yachats one of the "Ten Coolest Small Towns of the U.S.A.", and Yachats was chosen among the top 10 U.S. up-and-coming vacation destinations by Virtualtourist. In 2011, Arthur Frommer, founder of Frommer's Travel Guides, listed Yachats number seven among his ten favorite vacation destinations in the world.

Siletz Reservation

The Siletz Reservation is a 5.852 sq mi (15.157 km²) Indian reservation in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States, owned by the Confederated Tribes of Siletz. The reservation is made up of numerous non-contiguous parcels of land in east-central Lincoln County, mostly east of the city of Siletz, between it and the Polk County line..

Siletz River

The Siletz River flows about 67 miles (108 km) to the Pacific Ocean through coastal mountains in the U.S. state of Oregon. Formed by the confluence of its north and south forks near Valsetz in Polk County, it winds through the Central Oregon Coast Range. The river, draining a watershed of 373 square miles (970 km2), empties into Siletz Bay, south of Lincoln City in Lincoln County. Although the river travels 67 miles (108 km) in river miles, its winding course begins only about 20 miles (32 km) east of the ocean, and its mouth and source latitudes are almost identical.

Clatsop

The Clatsop are a small tribe of Chinookan-speaking Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. In the early 19th century they inhabited an area of the northwestern coast of present-day Oregon from the mouth of the Columbia River south to Tillamook Head, Oregon.

The Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians in the United States is a federally recognized confederation of more than 27 Native American tribes and bands who once inhabited an extensive homeland of more than 20 million acres from northern California to southwest Washington and between the summit of the Cascades and the Pacific Ocean. The tribes spoke at least 11 distinct languages, including Tillamook, Shasta, the Clatsop, lower, middle and upper dialects of Chinook, Kalapuya, Takelma, Alsea-Yaquina, Siuslaw, Coos, the Plateau Penutian languages Molala and Klickitat, and several related Athabaskan dialects (Upper Umpqua, Upper Coquille, Sixes/Euchre Creek, Tututni, Chetco, Chasta Costa, Galice/Applegate, Tolowa Oregon Athabaskan languages. After the Rogue River Wars, these tribes were removed to the Coast Indian Reservation, now known as the Siletz Reservation.

Chinook Winds Casino

Chinook Winds Casino and convention center is a Native American casino located in Lincoln City, Oregon. It is operated by the Confederated Tribes of Siletz. The casino's amenities include a 227-room hotel, a 157,000-square-foot (14,600 m2) gaming floor, two restaurants, a 35,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) convention center, arcade, day-care services, live entertainment, a golf course and other special events.

Kernville, Oregon

Kernville is an unincorporated community in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States. It is located near the intersection of U.S. Route 101 and Oregon Route 229, where the Siletz River enters Siletz Bay. There are two communities, known as "old" and "new" Kernville, in close proximity. Old Kernville is considered a ghost town.

Steamboats of the Oregon Coast

The history of steamboats on the Oregon Coast begins in the late 19th century. Before the development of modern road and rail networks, transportation on the coast of Oregon was largely water-borne. This article focuses on inland steamboats and similar craft operating in, from south to north on the coast: Rogue River, Coquille River, Coos Bay, Umpqua River, Siuslaw Bay, Yaquina Bay, Siletz River, and Tillamook Bay. The boats were all very small, nothing like the big sternwheelers and propeller boats that ran on the Columbia River or Puget Sound. There were many of them, however, and they came to be known as the "mosquito fleet."

D River State Recreation Site

D River State Recreation Site is a state park in the U.S. state of Oregon, administered by the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. It is a sandy beach of the Pacific Ocean within central Lincoln City along the length of the 120-foot (37 m) long D River, one of the world's shortest rivers.

The Western Oregon Indian Termination Act or Public Law 588, was passed in August 1954 as part of the United States Indian termination policy. It called for the termination of federal supervision over the trust and restricted property of numerous Native American bands and small tribes, all located west of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon. The act also called for disposition of federally owned property which had been bought for the administration of Indian affairs, and for termination of federal services which these Indians received under federal recognition. The stipulations in this act were similar to those of most termination acts.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Lincoln City, Oregon". United States Census Bureau . U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  3. "Lincoln City". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved February 24, 2009.
  4. Hall, Anne; North Lincoln County Historical Museum. "Lincoln City History". About Lincoln City. Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau. Archived from the original on December 30, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 878. ISBN   0-87595-277-1.
  6. "Garrett & Kealii win 2006 Nelscott Reef Tow In Classic..." Surfers Village. October 12, 2006. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  7. "Competitor Line Up Announced for Nelscott Reef Tow-In Classic". Oregon Sports Authority. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  8. "History - Lincoln City, OR". Explore Lincoln City. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  9. "Wecoma Beach". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  10. "History of Lincoln City Oregon". Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  11. 1 2 3 McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 1018. ISBN   978-0875952772.
  12. "Wecoma Beach Post Office (historical)". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey. August 1, 1994. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  13. Alexander, Patrick (11 November 2011). "Lincoln City Agrees to Roads End Water Talks". Devils Lake Navigator. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  14. Tobias, Lori (15 August 2010). "Battle brewing between Lincoln City and Roads End over old problem: who pays for what?". The Oregonian/OregonLive. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  15. 1 2 "Lincoln City Municipal Code". codepublishing.com. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  16. 1 2 3 "Lincoln City Demographic Information". Lincoln City Chamber of Commerce Homepage. Lincoln City Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  17. "About Chinook Winds Casino". Chinook Winds Casino homepage. Chinook Winds Casino. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  18. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  19. "About Lincoln City" . Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2009-07-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. https://www.bestplaces.net/climate/city/oregon/lincoln_city
  22. https://weather.com/weather/monthly/l/1857b275e3b7d96f3bb96f76dce0af966973d3d189a8864bf7a3c0306d0d6195
  23. "About the Center". Lincoln City Cultural Center homepage. Lincoln City Cultural Center. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  24. "Lincoln City Cultural Center". Lincoln City Cultural Center homepage. Lincoln City Cultural Center. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  25. "Festivals and Events". Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau homepage. Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  26. "Finders Keepers". Lincoln City, Oregon Coast homepage. Oregoncoast.org. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  27. "Lincoln County Schools". Lincoln County School District. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  28. "The News Guard". The News Guard Homepage. The News Guard. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  29. "Lincoln City Homepage". Lincoln City Homepage. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  30. "KBCH AM Homepage". Yaquina Bay Communications. Retrieved January 26, 2012.