Maine House of Representatives
|Maine State Legislature|
|4 Terms (8 years)|
New session started
|December 2, 2020|
|Seats||151 (and 3 non-voting)|
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Part First, Maine Constitution|
|Salary||Session 1: $13,526/year|
Session 2: $9,661/year + per diem
| November 3, 2020 |
| November 8, 2022 |
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Maine State House
|Maine House of Representatives|
The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine Legislature. The House consists of 151 members (excluding three nonvoting members) representing an equal number of districts across the state and elected via Plurality voting. Each voting member of the House represents around 8,800 citizens of the state. Because it is a part-time position, members of the Maine House of Representatives usually have outside employment as well. Members are limited to four consecutive terms of two years each, but may run again after two years.
The House meets at the Maine State House in Augusta.
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Begin 126th Legislature (Dec. 2012)||89||58||0||0||4||151||0|
|End 126th Legislature||57||150||1|
|Begin 127th Legislature (Dec. 2014)||79||68||0||0||4||151||0|
|End 127th Legislature||78||69|
|Begin 128th Legislature (Dec. 2016)||77||72||0||0||2||151||0|
|End 128th Legislature||73||70||1||6||150||1|
|Begin 129th Legislature (Dec. 2018)||89||57||0||0||5||151||0|
|End 129th Legislature||87||56||6||149||2|
|Begin 130th Legislature (Dec. 2020)||80||67||0||0||4||151||0|
|December 14, 2020||66||1|
|Latest voting share||53%||43.7%||0%||0.7%||2.6%|
The three nonvoting members within the House represent the Penobscot Nation, the Passamaquoddy Tribe and the Maliseet Tribe. The special Representatives can sponsor legislation relating specifically to the Tribes or in relation to Tribal - State land claims, as well as co-sponsor any other legislation brought before the House, but do not cast a legislative vote due to their unique tribal status representing their tribal members only. The Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Maliseet tribal representatives are also entitled to sit as members of joint standing committees during hearings and deliberations, where they do cast votes, which can be very important with respect to specific legislative proposals.
Starting with the second session of the 125th Legislature, the Houlton Band of Maliseets was given a legislative seat in the House of Representatives. The first elected occupant of the seat is Henry John Bear. After being sworn in by Governor Paul LePage, Bear stated he would introduce legislation to give the Micmac people of Maine a nonvoting seat.
The Passamaquoddy and Penobscots announced at a State House rally on May 26, 2015 that they would withdraw their representatives from the Legislature, citing disputes over tribal fishing rights, jurisdictional issues, and a lack of respect for tribal sovereignty. They further cited an executive order by Governor Paul LePage that rescinded a prior order requiring consultation with the tribes on state issues that affected them as a reason for their decision. Subsequently, Matthew Dana II of the Passamaquoddy and Wayne Mitchell of the Penobscot left the legislature leaving Henry John Bear of the Maliseet the only non-voting tribal representative. In response, Speaker Eves said that the tribal representatives are always welcome in the House. Matthew Dana II returned to the House from the Passamaquoddy Tribe in the 2016 elections.
The Maliseets chose not to send a Representative to the 129th Legislature, elected in 2018. As of the 2020 election, the Maliseets and the Penobscots haven't returned to the House, leaving just the Passamaquoddy Representative, Rena Newell.
Due to the independent political tradition in the state, the Maine House of Representatives has been an entry ground for several of the state's prominent Independent politicians. From 2002 to 2006, Representative John Eder of Portland (District 118), belonging to the Maine Green Independent Party, served in the Legislature, the highest elected Green politician in U.S. politics at that time. Eder secured recognition as a one-member Green Party caucus in the House, receiving a dedicated staff person, which is unusual for individual legislators in the Maine House. In the 2006 elections, Eder lost his seat to a Democratic challenger.
On September 21st, 2017, Ralph Chapman, previously registered as an independent, switched his registration to the Maine Green Independent Party, the first time in over a decade that the Maine Green Independent Party was represented at the state level.
|Speaker of the House||Ryan Fecteau||Democratic||Biddeford|
|Majority Leader||Michelle Dunphy||Democratic||Old Town|
|Majority Whip||Rachel Talbot Ross||Democratic||Portland|
|Minority Leader||Kathleen Dillingham||Republican||Oxford|
|Minority Whip||Joel Stekins||Republican||Cannan|
Districts are currently numbered starting with 1 from south to north. This is reversed after each decennial redistricting, which will next occur in 2021 and will go into effect beginning with the 2022 primary and general elections. The current district lines, which were drawn in 2013 and were first used in the 2014 primary and general elections, will only be in effect for 8 years rather than the usual 10 as Maine adjusts its legislative redistricting cycle to conform with most other states.
↑ denotes that the Representative first won in a special election
|5||Beth O'Connor||Rep||Berwick||2014 (2010–2012)||2022|
|6||Tiffany Roberts||Dem||South Berwick||2018||2026|
|8||Christopher Babbidge||Dem||Kennebunk||2014 (2004–2008)||2022|
|10||Wayne Parry||Rep||Arundel||2020 (2010-2018)||2028|
|13||Lori Gramlich||Dem||Old Orchard Beach||2018||2026|
|15||Margaret M. O'Neil||Dem||Saco||2016||2024|
|17||Dwayne W. Prescott||Rep||Waterboro||2014||2022|
|18||John Tuttle||Dem||Sanford||2020 (1978–1984; 1994–2002; 2004–2012)||2028|
|21||Heidi H. Sampson||Rep||Alfred||2016||2024|
|22||Mark John Blier||Rep||Buxton||2018||2026|
|24||Mark Bryant||Dem||Windham||2014 (2004–2012)||2022|
|26||Maureen Fitzgerald Terry||Dem||Gorham||2016||2024|
|30||Rebecca Millett||Dem||Cape Elizabeth||2020||2028|
|31||Lois Galgay Reckitt||Dem||South Portland||2016||2024|
|32||Chris Kessler||Dem||South Portland||2018||2026|
|33||Victoria Morales||Dem||South Portland||2018||2026|
|36||Michael F. Brennan||Dem||Portland||2018 (1992–2000)||2026|
|40||Rachel Talbot Ross||Dem||Portland||2016||2024|
|43||W. Edward Crockett||Dem||Portland||2018||2026|
|45||Stephen Moriarty||Dem||Cumberland||2019↑ (2012–2014)||2026|
|55||Seth Berry||Dem||Bowdoinham||2016 (2006–2014)||2024|
|59||Margaret Craven||Dem||Lewiston||2018 (2002–2008)||2026|
|63||Bruce Bickford||Rep||Auburn||2014 (2008–2012)||2022|
|65||Amy Arata||Rep||New Gloucester||2018||2026|
|66||Jessica L. Fay||Dem||Raymond||2016||2024|
|67||Susan Austin||Rep||Gray||2014 (2002–2010)||2022|
|68||Richard Cebra||Rep||Naples||2016 (2004–2012)||2024|
|71||Sawin Millett||Rep||Waterford||2018 (1968–1972; 2002–2010)||2026|
|74||Shelia Lyman||Rep||Livermore Falls||2020||2028|
|77||Michael D. Perkins||Rep||Oakland||2016||2024|
|80||Richard T. Bradstreet||Rep||Vassalboro||2016||2024|
|82||Randall Greenwood||Rep||Wales||2020 (2014-2016)||2028|
|91||Jeffrey Evangelos||Ind||Friendship||2018 (2012–2016)||2026|
|92||Ann Higgins Matlack||Dem||St. George||2018||2026|
|98||Scott W. Cuddy||Dem||Winterport||2018||2026|
|101||David G. Haggan||Rep||Hampden||2016||2024|
|104||Steven D. Foster||Rep||Dexter||2018||2026|
|109||Bruce A. White||Dem||Waterville||2018||2026|
|113||H. Scott Landry||Dem||Farmington||2018||2026|
|114||Randall C. Hall||Rep||Wilton||2018||2026|
|115||Josanne C. Dolloff||Rep||Milton||2018||2026|
|118||Chad Wayne Grignon||Rep||Athens||2016||2024|
|122||Michelle Dunphy||Dem||Old Town||2014||2022|
|124||Joe Perry||Dem||Bangor||2019↑ (1996–2004)||2026|
|127||Barbara A. Cardone||Dem||Bangor||2016||2024|
|131||Sherman H. Hutchins||Rep||Penobscot||2018 (1988–1990)||2026|
|133||Sarah Pebworth||Dem||Blue Hill||2018||2026|
|135||Lynne Williams||Dem||Bar Harbor||2020||2028|
|136||William "Billy Bob" Faulkingham||Rep||Winter Harbor||2018||2026|
|139||William Tuell||Rep||East Machias||2014||2022|
|140||Anne C. Perry||Dem||Calais||2016 (2002–2010)||2024|
|141||Kathy Irene Javner||Rep||Chester||2018||2026|
|142||Jeffery Gifford||Rep||Lincoln||2020 (2006-2014)||2028|
|143||Peggy Jo Stanley||Rep||Medway||2020||2028|
|145||Chris A. Johansen||Rep||Monticello||2016||2024|
|147||Joseph Underwood||Rep||Presque Isle||2020||2028|
|148||David Harold McCrea||Dem||Fort Fairfield||2016||2024|
|150||Roland "Danny" Martin||Dem||Sinclair||2014 (1974–1976)||2022|
|151||John L. Martin||Dem||Eagle Lake||2014 (1964–1996; 1998–2000; 2008–2012)||2022|
|Passamaquoddy Tribe||Rena Newell||Dem||Princeton||2026|
|Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians||Vacant|
The Penobscot (Panawahpskek) are an indigenous peoples in North America from the Northeastern Woodlands region. They are organized as a federally recognized tribe in Maine and as a First Nations band government in the Atlantic provinces and Quebec.
The Passamaquoddy are an American Indian/First Nations people who live in northeastern North America, primarily in Maine, United States, and New Brunswick, Canada.
The Maine Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Maine. It is a bicameral body composed of the lower house Maine House of Representatives and the upper house Maine Senate. The Legislature convenes at the State House in Augusta, where it has met since 1832.
Several politico-constitutional arrangements use reserved political positions, especially when endeavoring to ensure the rights of minorities or preserving a political balance of power. These arrangements can distort the democratic principle of one person - one vote in order to address special circumstances.
The Wəlastəkwewiyik, or Maliseet, are an Algonquian-speaking First Nation of the Wabanaki Confederacy. They are the Indigenous people of the Saint John River valley and its tributaries, and their territory extends across the current borders of New Brunswick and Quebec in Canada, and parts of Maine in the United States. The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians, based on the Meduxnekeag River in the Maine portion of their traditional homeland, are since 19 July 1776, the first "foreign" Treaty allies with the United States of America and a federally recognized tribe of Maliseet people by the United States. Today Maliseet people have also migrated to other parts of the world. Maliseets are forest, river and coastal people within their 20,000,000 acre, 200 mile wide, and 600 mile long Saint John river watershed homeland.
The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower chamber in the United States.
Non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives are representatives of their territory in the House of Representatives, who do not have a right to vote on proposed legislation in the full House but nevertheless have floor privileges and are able to participate in certain other House functions. Non-voting members may vote in a House committee of which they are a member and introduce legislation. There are currently six non-voting members: a delegate representing the District of Columbia, a resident commissioner representing Puerto Rico, and one delegate for each of the other four permanently inhabited US territories: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the US Virgin Islands. A seventh delegate, representing the Cherokee Nation, has been formally proposed but not yet seated, while an eighth, representing the Choctaw Nation, is named in a treaty but has neither been proposed nor seated. As with voting members, non-voting delegates are elected every two years, and the resident commissioner of Puerto Rico is elected every four years.
Elections in Guam gives information on election and election results in Guam.
John Eder is an American activist and politician from Maine. Eder, a Democrat, lives in Biddeford. He is a former member of the Maine Green Independent Party, the Maine affiliate of the national Green Party. He served in the Maine House of Representatives as the legislature's first member of the Green Party for two terms and was elected in 2002 and re-elected in 2004. Until his defeat in 2006 Eder was one of only a handful of independent or third party state legislators in the country and was the highest-ranking elected Green official in the United States. Eder ran for Mayor of Portland, Maine in 2011. In 2014, Eder won a race for an at-large seat on the Portland Board of Education.
The Maine Green Independent Party is a state-level political party affiliated with the Green Party of the United States. It is the oldest state green party in the United States. It was founded following an informal meeting of 18 environmental advocates, including Bowdoin College professor John Rensenbrink and others in Augusta, Maine in January 1984. From 1994 to 2006, the party's gubernatorial nominees received between 6% and 10% of the vote.
The Washington House of Representatives is the lower house of the Washington State Legislature, and along with the Washington State Senate makes up the legislature of the U.S. state of Washington. It is composed of 98 Representatives from 49 districts, each of which elects one Senator and two members of the House. They are elected to separate positions with the top-two primary system. All members of the House are elected to a two-year term without term limits. The House meets at the State Capitol in Olympia.
The Maine Republican Party is an affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Maine. It was founded in Strong, Maine, on August 7, 1854.
Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Morton, 528 F.2d 370, was a landmark decision regarding aboriginal title in the United States. The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit held that the Nonintercourse Act applied to the Passamaquoddy and Penobscot, non-federally-recognized Indian tribes, and established a trust relationship between those tribes and the federal government that the state of Maine could not terminate.
This is a list of persons who have served as members of U.S. state legislatures while enrolled in third parties. For purposes of this list, a third party is defined as any party other than the Democratic Party or the Republican Party. This list spans the period from 1856 to the present. The time period listed beside each elected official's name is the time period when that elected official has served as a state legislator while enrolled as a member of a third party. State legislators who are independent are not included in this list.
David Slagger is a Native American politician in Maine. Slagger served as a member of the Maine House of Representatives, representing the newly recognized Maliseet Tribe. Slagger was sworn-in as the appointed representative to the House of Representatives on January 4, 2012. He held the seat temporarily until a tribal election could be conducted to elect a Maliseet Tribal Representative, which the Maliseet Tribe then did on December 22, 2012 when tribal members elected Henry John Bear as their first elected Tribal Representative to the Maine House of Representatives. Slagger did not seek another term as Maliseet representative.
Henry John Bear is a Native American politician from Maine. In January 2013, he was sworn-in as the first elected member of the Maine House of Representatives representing the Maliseet people. He replaced David Slagger, who was appointed to the Maine House.
The 1980 Minnesota House of Representatives election was held in the U.S. state of Minnesota on November 4, 1980, to elect members to the House of Representatives of the 72nd Minnesota Legislature. A primary election was held on September 9, 1980.
The 2018 Maine House of Representatives elections took place as part of the biennial United States elections. Maine voters elected state representatives in all 151 of the state house's districts, as well as non-voting members from the Passamaquoddy Tribe and the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians. State representatives serve two-year terms in the Maine State House.
Rena D. Newell is a Passamaquoddy politician who serves as a non-voting member of the Maine House of Representatives. As of August 26, 2019, she is the only tribal representative in the Maine House of Representatives after the Penobscot and Maliseet opted to not send Representatives for the 129th Legislature. Newell was an advocate in favor of ending the use of Native Americans as mascots. She identifies as a political independent. She is a resident of Princeton, Maine. She is a member of the Committee on Innovation, Development, Economic Advancement and Business.
The 2020 Maine House of Representatives elections took place on November 3, 2020 alongside the biennial United States elections. Maine voters elected members of the Maine House of Representatives via plurality voting in all 151 of the state house's districts, as well as a non-voting members from the Passamaquoddy Tribe.