Florida House of Representatives
|2018–2020 Florida Legislature|
|4 terms (8 years)|
|Founded||May 26, 1845|
|Preceded by||Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida|
House Speaker Pro Tempore
House Majority Leader
House Minority Leader
Length of term
|Authority||Article III, Constitution of Florida|
|Salary||$29,697/year + per diem (Subsistence & Travel)|
| November 6, 2018 |
| November 3, 2020 |
|In God We Trust|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida Senate being the upper house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted.The House is composed of 120 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 157,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Representatives' terms begin immediately, upon their election. As of 2019, Republicans hold the majority in the State House with 73 seats; Democrats are in the minority with 47 seats.
Members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives. Because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of U.S. House of Representatives, constituents and the news media, using The Associated Press Stylebook, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts.
Article III of the Florida Constitution defines the terms for state legislators.
The Constitution requires state representatives to be elected for two-year terms.
Upon election, legislators take office immediately.
On November 3, 1992, almost 77 percent of Florida voters backed Amendment 9, the Florida Term Limits Amendment, which amended the state Constitution, to enact eight-year term limits on federal and state officials. Under the Amendment, former members can be elected again after a break.In 1995, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not enact congressional term limits, but ruled that the state level term limits remain.
Each legislator shall be at least 21 years of age, an elector and resident of the district from which elected and shall have resided in the state for a period of two years prior to election.
Each year during which the Legislature meets constitutes a new legislative session.
Legislators start Committee activity in September of the year prior to the regular legislative session. Because Florida is a part-time legislature, this is necessary to allow legislators time to work their bills through the committee process, prior to the regular legislative session.
The Florida Legislature meets in a 60-day regular legislative session each year. regular legislative sessions in odd-numbered years must begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March. Under the state Constitution, the Legislature can begin even-numbered year regular legislative sessions at a time of its choosing.
Prior to 1991, the regular legislative session began in April. Senate Joint Resolution 380 (1989) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1990) that shifted the starting date of regular legislative session from April to February. Subsequently, Senate Joint Resolution 2606 (1994) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1994) shifting the start date to March, where it remains. The reason for the "first Tuesday after the first Monday" requirement stems back to the time when regular legislative session began in April. regular legislative session could start any day from April 2 through April 8, but never on April 1 – April Fool's Day. In recent years, the Legislature has opted to start in January in order to allow lawmakers to be home with their families during school spring breaks, and to give more time ahead of the legislative elections in the Fall.
On the fourteenth day following each general election, the Legislature meets for an organizational session to organize and select officers.
Special legislative sessions may be called by the governor, by a joint proclamation of the Senate president and House speaker, or by a three-fifths vote of all legislators. During any special session the Legislature may only address legislative business that is within the purview of the purpose or purposes stated in the special session proclamation.
The Florida House is authorized by the Florida Constitution to create and amend the laws of the U.S. state of Florida, subject to the governor's power to veto legislation. To do so, legislators propose legislation in the forms of bills drafted by a nonpartisan, professional staff. Successful legislation must undergo committee review, three readings on the floor of each house, with appropriate voting majorities, as required, and either be signed into law by the governor or enacted through a veto override approved by two-thirds of the membership of each legislative house.
Its statutes, called "chapter laws" or generically as "slip laws" when printed separately, are compiled into the Laws of Florida and are called "session laws".The Florida Statutes are the codified statutory laws of the state.
In 2009, legislators filed 2,138 bills for consideration. On average, the Legislature has passed about 300 bills into law annually.
In 2013, the Legislature filed about 2000 bills. About 1000 of these are "member bills." The remainder are bills by committees responsible for certain functions, such as budget. In 2016, about 15% of the bills were passed.In 2017, 1,885 lobbyists registered to represent 3,724 entities.
The House also has the power to propose amendments to the Florida Constitution. Additionally, the House has the exclusive power to impeach officials, who are then tried by the Senate.
The House is headed by a speaker, elected by the members of the House to a two-year term. The speaker presides over the House, appoints committee members and committee chairs, influences the placement of bills on the calendar, and rules on procedural motions. The speaker pro tempore presides if the speaker leaves the chair or if there is a vacancy. The speaker, along with the Senate president and governor of Florida, control most of the agenda of state business in Florida.
The majority and minority caucus each elect a leader.
|Speaker of the House||José R. Oliva||Republican||110|
|Speaker pro tempore||MaryLynn Magar||Republican||82|
|Majority leader||Dane Eagle||Republican||77|
|Minority leader||Kionne McGhee||Democratic||117|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 2014–16 legislature||81||37||1||119||1|
|Start of previous (2016–18) legislature||79||41||0||120||0|
|End of previous legislature||75||116||4|
|Start of current (2018–20) legislature||73||47||0||120||0|
|January 11, 2019||72||46||118||2|
|January 24, 2019||71||117||3|
|June 18, 2019||73||47||120||0|
|Latest voting share||60.8%||39.2%|
|District||Name||Party||Residence||Counties represented||First Elected|
|1||Mike Hill||Rep||Pensacola||Part of Escambia||2018,|
|2||Alex Andrade||Rep||Pensacola||Parts of Escambia and Santa Rosa||2018|
|3||Jayer Williamson||Rep||Pace||Parts of Okaloosa and Santa Rosa||2016|
|4||Mel Ponder||Rep||Destin||Part of Okaloosa||2016|
|5||Brad Drake||Rep||DeFuniak Springs||Holmes, Jackson, Walton, Washington, part of Bay||2014,|
|6||Jay Trumbull||Rep||Panama City||Part of Bay||2014|
|7||Jason Shoaf||Rep||Port St. Joe||Calhoun, Franklin, Gulf, Jefferson, Lafayette, Liberty, Madison, Taylor, Wakulla, part of Leon||2019*|
|8||Ramon Alexander||Dem||Tallahassee||Gadsden, part of Leon||2016|
|9||Loranne Ausley||Dem||Tallahassee||Part of Leon||2016,|
|10||Chuck Brannan||Rep||Macclenny||Baker, Columbia, Hamilton, Suwannee, part of Alachua||2018|
|11||Cord Byrd||Rep||Neptune Beach||Nassau, part of Duval||2016|
|12||Clay Yarborough||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|13||Tracie Davis||Dem||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|14||Kimberly Daniels||Dem||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|15||Wyman Duggan||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2018|
|16||Jason Fischer||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|17||Cyndi Stevenson||Rep||St. Augustine||Part of St. Johns||2015*|
|18||Travis Cummings||Rep||Orange Park||Part of Clay||2012|
|19||Bobby Payne||Rep||Palatka||Bradford, Putnam, Union, part of Clay||2016|
|20||Clovis Watson Jr.||Dem||Alachua||Parts of Alachua and Marion||2012|
|21||Chuck Clemons||Rep||Newberry||Dixie, Gilchrist, part of Alachua||2016|
|22||Charlie Stone||Rep||Ocala||Levy, part of Marion||2012|
|23||Stan McClain||Rep||Belleview||Part of Marion||2016|
|24||Paul Renner||Rep||Palm Coast||Flagler, parts of St. Johns and Volusia||2015*|
|25||Tom Leek||Rep||Ormond Beach||Part of Volusia||2016|
|26||Elizabeth Fetterhoff||Rep||DeLand||Part of Volusia||2018|
|27||David Santiago||Rep||Deltona||Part of Volusia||2012|
|28||David Smith||Rep||Winter Springs||Part of Seminole||2018|
|29||Scott Plakon||Rep||Longwood||Part of Seminole||2014,|
|30||Joy Goff-Marcil||Dem||Maitland||Parts of Orange and Seminole||2018|
|31||Jennifer Sullivan||Rep||Mount Dora||Parts of Lake and Orange||2014|
|32||Anthony Sabatini||Rep||Howey-in-the-Hills||Part of Lake||2018|
|33||Brett Hage||Rep||Oxford||Sumter, parts of Lake and Marion||2018|
|34||Ralph Massullo||Rep||Lecanto||Citrus, part of Hernando||2016|
|35||Blaise Ingoglia||Rep||Spring Hill||Part of Hernando||2014|
|36||Amber Mariano||Rep||Hudson||Part of Pasco||2016|
|37||Ardian Zika||Rep||Land O' Lakes||Part of Pasco||2018|
|38||Randy Maggard||Rep||Zephyrhills||Part of Pasco||2019*|
|39||Josie Tomkow||Rep||Polk City||Parts of Osceola and Polk||2018*|
|40||Colleen Burton||Rep||Lakeland||Part of Polk||2014|
|41||Sam Killebrew||Rep||Winter Haven||Part of Polk||2016|
|42||Mike La Rosa||Rep||St. Cloud||Parts of Osceola and Polk||2012|
|43||John Cortes||Dem||Kissimmee||Part of Osceola||2014|
|44||Geraldine Thompson||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2018|
|45||Kamia Brown||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2016|
|46||Bruce Antone||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2012|
|47||Anna Eskamani||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2018|
|48||Amy Mercado||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2016|
|49||Carlos Guillermo Smith||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2016|
|50||Rene Plasencia||Rep||Orlando||Parts of Brevard and Orange||2014|
|51||Tyler Sirois||Rep||Cocoa||Part of Brevard||2018|
|52||Thad Altman||Rep||Rockledge||Part of Brevard||2016,|
|53||Randy Fine||Rep||Melbourne Beach||Part of Brevard||2016|
|54||Erin Grall||Rep||Vero Beach||Indian River, part of St. Lucie||2016|
|55||Cary Pigman||Rep||Avon Park||Glades, Highlands, Okeechobee, part of St. Lucie||2012|
|56||Melony Bell||Rep||Fort Meade||DeSoto, Hardee, part of Polk||2018|
|57||Mike Beltran||Rep||Lithia||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|58||Lawrence McClure||Rep||Dover||Part of Hillsborough||2017*|
|59||Adam Hattersley||Dem||Riverview||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|60||Jackie Toledo||Rep||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2016|
|61||Dianne Hart||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|62||Susan Valdes||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|63||Fentrice Driskell||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|64||J. W. Grant||Rep||Tampa||Parts of Hillsborough and Pinellas||2015,*|
|65||Chris Sprowls||Rep||Palm Harbor||Part of Pinellas||2014|
|66||Nick DiCeglie||Rep||Indian Rocks Beach||Part of Pinellas||2018|
|67||Chris Latvala||Rep||Clearwater||Part of Pinellas||2014|
|68||Ben Diamond||Dem||St. Petersburg||Part of Pinellas||2016|
|69||Jennifer Webb||Dem||Gulfport||Part of Pinellas||2018|
|70||Wengay Newton||Dem||St. Petersburg||Parts of Hillsborough, Manatee, Pinellas, Sarasota||2016|
|71||Will Robinson||Rep||Bradenton||Parts of Manatee and Sarasota||2018|
|72||Margaret Good||Dem||Sarasota||Parts of Sarasota||2018*|
|73||Tommy Gregory||Rep||Sarasota||Parts of Manatee and Sarasota||2018|
|74||James Buchanan||Rep||Osprey||Part of Sarasota||2018|
|75||Michael J. Grant||Rep||Port Charlotte||Charlotte||2016,|
|76||Ray Rodrigues||Rep||Estero||Part of Lee||2012|
|77||Dane Eagle||Rep||Cape Coral||Part of Lee||2012|
|78||Heather Fitzenhagen||Rep||Fort Myers||Part of Lee||2012|
|79||Spencer Roach||Rep||North Fort Myers||Part of Lee||2018|
|80||Byron Donalds||Rep||Naples||Hendry, part of Collier||2016|
|81||Tina Polsky||Dem||Boca Raton||Part of Palm Beach||2018|
|82||MaryLynn Magar||Rep||Tequesta||Parts of Martin and Palm Beach||2012|
|83||Toby Overdorf||Rep||Palm City||Parts of Martin and St. Lucie||2018|
|84||Delores Hogan Johnson||Dem||Fort Pierce||Part of St. Lucie||2018|
|85||Rick Roth||Rep||Loxahatchee||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|86||Matt Willhite||Dem||Wellington||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|87||David Silvers||Dem||West Palm Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|88||Al Jacquet||Dem||Lantana||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|89||Mike Caruso||Rep||Delray Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2018|
|90||Joseph Casello||Dem||Boynton Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2018|
|91||Emily Slosberg||Dem||Boca Raton||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|92||Patricia Hawkins-Williams||Dem||Lauderdale Lakes||Part of Broward||2016|
|93||Chip LaMarca||Rep||Lighthouse Point||Part of Broward||2018|
|94||Bobby DuBose||Dem||Fort Lauderdale||Part of Broward||2014|
|95||Anika Omphroy||Dem||Lauderdale Lakes||Part of Broward||2018|
|96||Kristin Jacobs||Dem||Pompano Beach||Part of Broward||2014|
|97||Dan Daley||Dem||Coral Springs||Part of Broward||2019*|
|98||Michael Gottlieb||Dem||Davie||Part of Broward||2018|
|99||Evan Jenne||Dem||Hollywood||Part of Broward||2014|
|100||Joe Geller||Dem||Aventura||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2014|
|101||Shevrin Jones||Dem||West Park||Part of Broward||2012|
|102||Sharon Pritchett||Dem||Miami Gardens||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2012|
|103||Cindy Polo||Dem||Miramar||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2018|
|104||Richard Stark||Dem||Weston||Part of Broward||2012|
|105||Ana Maria Rodriguez||Rep||Doral||Parts of Broward, Collier, and Miami-Dade||2018|
|106||Bob Rommel||Rep||Naples||Part of Collier||2016|
|107||Barbara Watson||Dem||Miami Gardens||Part of Miami-Dade||2011*|
|108||Dotie Joseph||Dem||North Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|109||James Bush||Dem||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|110||José R. Oliva||Rep||Miami Lakes||Part of Miami-Dade||2011*|
|111||Bryan Avila||Rep||Hialeah||Part of Miami-Dade||2014|
|112||Nicholas Duran||Dem||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2016|
|113||Mike Grieco||Dem||Miami Beach||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|114||Javier Fernandez||Dem||South Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018*|
|115||Vance Aloupis||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|116||Daniel Perez||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2017*|
|117||Kionne McGhee||Dem||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2012|
|118||Anthony Rodriguez||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|119||Juan Fernandez-Barquin||Rep||Kendale Lakes||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|120||Holly Merrill Raschein||Rep||Key Largo||Monroe and part of Miami-Dade||2012|
*Elected in a special election.
From 1874 to 1996, the Democratic Party held majorities in the Florida House of Representatives. Following sizable GOP gains in the 1994 election, which significantly reduced the Democratic Party majority in the Florida House, Republicans captured a majority in the 1996 election. The Republican Party has been the majority party since that time in the House.
Additional information on the past composition of the Florida House of Representatives can be found in Allen Morris's The Florida Handbook (various years, published every two years for many years).
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