Florida House of Representatives
|2020–2022 Florida Legislature|
|4 terms (8 years)|
|Founded||May 26, 1845|
|Preceded by||Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida|
House Speaker Pro Tempore
House Majority Leader
House Minority Leader
Length of term
|Authority||Article III, Constitution of Florida|
|Salary||$29,697/year + per diem (Subsistence & Travel)|
| November 3, 2020 |
| November 8, 2022 |
|In God We Trust|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida Senate being the upper house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted.The House is composed of 120 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 157,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Representatives' terms begin immediately upon their election. As of 2020, Republicans hold the majority in the State House with 78 seats; Democrats are in the minority with 42 seats.
Members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives. Because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of U.S. House of Representatives, constituents and the news media, using The Associated Press Stylebook, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts.
Article III of the Florida Constitution defines the terms for state legislators.
The Constitution requires state representatives to be elected for two-year terms.
Upon election, legislators take office immediately.
On November 3, 1992, almost 77 percent of Florida voters backed Amendment 9, the Florida Term Limits Amendment, which amended the state Constitution, to enact eight-year term limits on federal and state officials. Under the Amendment, former members can be elected again after a break.In 1995, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not enact congressional term limits, but ruled that the state level term limits remain.
Florida legislators must be at least twenty-one years old, an elector and resident of their district, and must have resided in Florida for at least two years prior to election.
Each year during which the Legislature meets constitutes a new legislative session.
Legislators start Committee activity in September of the year prior to the regular legislative session. Because Florida is a part-time legislature, this is necessary to allow legislators time to work their bills through the committee process, prior to the regular legislative session.
The Florida Legislature meets in a 60-day regular legislative session each year. Regular legislative sessions in odd-numbered years must begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March. Under the state Constitution, the Legislature can begin even-numbered year regular legislative sessions at a time of its choosing.
Prior to 1991, the regular legislative session began in April. Senate Joint Resolution 380 (1989) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1990) that shifted the starting date of regular legislative session from April to February. Subsequently, Senate Joint Resolution 2606 (1994) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1994) shifting the start date to March, where it remains. The reason for the "first Tuesday after the first Monday" requirement stems back to the time when regular legislative session began in April. regular legislative session could start any day from April 2 through April 8, but never on April 1 – April Fool's Day. In recent years, the Legislature has opted to start in January in order to allow lawmakers to be home with their families during school spring breaks, and to give more time ahead of the legislative elections in the Fall.
On the fourteenth day following each general election, the Legislature meets for an organizational session to organize and select officers.
Special legislative sessions may be called by the governor, by a joint proclamation of the Senate president and House speaker, or by a three-fifths vote of all legislators. During any special session the Legislature may only address legislative business that is within the purview of the purpose or purposes stated in the special session proclamation.
The Florida House is authorized by the Florida Constitution to create and amend the laws of the U.S. state of Florida, subject to the governor's power to veto legislation. To do so, legislators propose legislation in the forms of bills drafted by a nonpartisan, professional staff. Successful legislation must undergo committee review, three readings on the floor of each house, with appropriate voting majorities, as required, and either be signed into law by the governor or enacted through a veto override approved by two-thirds of the membership of each legislative house.
Its statutes, called "chapter laws" or generically as "slip laws" when printed separately, are compiled into the Laws of Florida and are called "session laws".The Florida Statutes are the codified statutory laws of the state.
In 2009, legislators filed 2,138 bills for consideration. On average, the Legislature has passed about 300 bills into law annually.
In 2013, the Legislature filed about 2000 bills. About 1000 of these are "member bills." The remainder are bills by committees responsible for certain functions, such as budget. In 2016, about 15% of the bills were passed.In 2017, 1,885 lobbyists registered to represent 3,724 entities.
The House also has the power to propose amendments to the Florida Constitution. Additionally, the House has the exclusive power to impeach officials, who are then tried by the Senate.
The House is headed by a speaker, elected by the members of the House to a two-year term. The speaker presides over the House, appoints committee members and committee chairs, influences the placement of bills on the calendar, and rules on procedural motions. The speaker pro tempore presides if the speaker leaves the chair or if there is a vacancy. The speaker, along with the Senate president and governor of Florida, control most of the agenda of state business in Florida.
The majority and minority caucus each elect a leader.
|Speaker of the House||Chris Sprowls||Republican||65|
|Speaker pro tempore||Bryan Avila||Republican||111|
|Majority leader||Michael J. Grant||Republican||75|
|Minority leaders||Bobby DuBose and Evan Jenne||Democratic||94, 99|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 2016–18 legislature||75||41||116||4|
|Start of previous (2018–20) legislature||73||47||120||0|
|End of previous legislature||71||45||116||4|
|Start of current (2020–22) legislature||78||42||120||0|
|Latest voting share||65%||35%|
|District||Name||Party||Residence||Counties represented||First Elected|
|1||Michelle Salzman||Rep||Pensacola||Part of Escambia||2020|
|2||Alex Andrade||Rep||Pensacola||Parts of Escambia and Santa Rosa||2018|
|3||Jayer Williamson||Rep||Pace||Parts of Okaloosa and Santa Rosa||2016|
|4||Patt Maney||Rep||Destin||Part of Okaloosa||2020|
|5||Brad Drake||Rep||DeFuniak Springs||Holmes, Jackson, Walton, Washington, part of Bay||2014,|
|6||Jay Trumbull||Rep||Panama City||Part of Bay||2014|
|7||Jason Shoaf||Rep||Port St. Joe||Calhoun, Franklin, Gulf, Jefferson, Lafayette, Liberty, Madison, Taylor, Wakulla, part of Leon||2019*|
|8||Ramon Alexander||Dem||Tallahassee||Gadsden, part of Leon||2016|
|9||Allison Tant||Dem||Tallahassee||Part of Leon||2020|
|10||Chuck Brannan||Rep||Macclenny||Baker, Columbia, Hamilton, Suwannee, part of Alachua||2018|
|11||Cord Byrd||Rep||Neptune Beach||Nassau, part of Duval||2016|
|12||Clay Yarborough||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|13||Tracie Davis||Dem||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|14||Angie Nixon||Dem||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2020|
|15||Wyman Duggan||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2018|
|16||Jason Fischer||Rep||Jacksonville||Part of Duval||2016|
|17||Cyndi Stevenson||Rep||St. Augustine||Part of St. Johns||2015*|
|18||Sam Garrison||Rep||Orange Park||Part of Clay||2020|
|19||Bobby Payne||Rep||Palatka||Bradford, Putnam, Union, part of Clay||2016|
|20||Yvonne Hayes Hinson||Dem||Gainesville||Parts of Alachua and Marion||2020|
|21||Chuck Clemons||Rep||Newberry||Dixie, Gilchrist, part of Alachua||2016|
|22||Joe Harding||Rep||Williston||Levy, part of Marion||2020|
|23||Stan McClain||Rep||Belleview||Part of Marion||2016|
|24||Paul Renner||Rep||Palm Coast||Flagler, parts of St. Johns and Volusia||2015*|
|25||Tom Leek||Rep||Ormond Beach||Part of Volusia||2016|
|26||Elizabeth Fetterhoff||Rep||DeLand||Part of Volusia||2018|
|27||Webster Barnaby||Rep||Deltona||Part of Volusia||2020|
|28||David Smith||Rep||Winter Springs||Part of Seminole||2018|
|29||Scott Plakon||Rep||Longwood||Part of Seminole||2014,|
|30||Joy Goff-Marcil||Dem||Maitland||Parts of Orange and Seminole||2018|
|31||Keith Truenow||Rep||Tavares||Parts of Lake and Orange||2020|
|32||Anthony Sabatini||Rep||Howey-in-the-Hills||Part of Lake||2018|
|33||Brett Hage||Rep||Oxford||Sumter, parts of Lake and Marion||2018|
|34||Ralph Massullo||Rep||Lecanto||Citrus, part of Hernando||2016|
|35||Blaise Ingoglia||Rep||Spring Hill||Part of Hernando||2014|
|36||Amber Mariano||Rep||Hudson||Part of Pasco||2016|
|37||Ardian Zika||Rep||Land o' Lakes||Part of Pasco||2018|
|38||Randy Maggard||Rep||Zephyrhills||Part of Pasco||2019*|
|39||Josie Tomkow||Rep||Polk City||Parts of Osceola and Polk||2018*|
|40||Colleen Burton||Rep||Lakeland||Part of Polk||2014|
|41||Sam Killebrew||Rep||Winter Haven||Part of Polk||2016|
|42||Fred Hawkins||Rep||St. Cloud||Parts of Osceola and Polk||2020|
|43||Kristen Arrington||Dem||Kissimmee||Part of Osceola||2020|
|44||Geraldine Thompson||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2018|
|45||Kamia Brown||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2016|
|46||Travaris McCurdy||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2020|
|47||Anna Eskamani||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2018|
|48||Daisy Morales||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2020|
|49||Carlos Guillermo Smith||Dem||Orlando||Part of Orange||2016|
|50||Rene Plasencia||Rep||Orlando||Parts of Brevard and Orange||2014|
|51||Tyler Sirois||Rep||Cocoa||Part of Brevard||2018|
|52||Thad Altman||Rep||Rockledge||Part of Brevard||2016,|
|53||Randy Fine||Rep||Melbourne Beach||Part of Brevard||2016|
|54||Erin Grall||Rep||Vero Beach||Indian River, part of St. Lucie||2016|
|55||Kaylee Tuck||Rep||Sebring||Glades, Highlands, Okeechobee, part of St. Lucie||2020|
|56||Melony Bell||Rep||Fort Meade||DeSoto, Hardee, part of Polk||2018|
|57||Mike Beltran||Rep||Lithia||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|58||Lawrence McClure||Rep||Dover||Part of Hillsborough||2017*|
|59||Andrew Learned||Dem||Brandon||Part of Hillsborough||2020|
|60||Jackie Toledo||Rep||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2016|
|61||Dianne Hart||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|62||Susan Valdes||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|63||Fentrice Driskell||Dem||Tampa||Part of Hillsborough||2018|
|64||Traci Koster||Rep||Tampa||Parts of Hillsborough and Pinellas||2020|
|65||Chris Sprowls||Rep||Palm Harbor||Part of Pinellas||2014|
|66||Nick DiCeglie||Rep||Indian Rocks Beach||Part of Pinellas||2018|
|67||Chris Latvala||Rep||Clearwater||Part of Pinellas||2014|
|68||Ben Diamond||Dem||St. Petersburg||Part of Pinellas||2016|
|69||Linda Chaney||Rep||St. Pete Beach||Part of Pinellas||2020|
|70||Michele Rayner||Dem||St. Petersburg||Parts of Hillsborough, Manatee, Pinellas, Sarasota||2020|
|71||Will Robinson||Rep||Bradenton||Parts of Manatee and Sarasota||2018|
|72||Fiona McFarland||Rep||Sarasota||Parts of Sarasota||2020|
|73||Tommy Gregory||Rep||Sarasota||Parts of Manatee and Sarasota||2018|
|74||James Buchanan||Rep||Osprey||Part of Sarasota||2018|
|75||Michael J. Grant||Rep||Port Charlotte||Charlotte||2016,|
|76||Adam Botana||Rep||Bonita Springs||Part of Lee||2020|
|77||Mike Giallombardo||Rep||Cape Coral||Part of Lee||2020|
|78||Jenna Persons||Rep||Fort Myers||Part of Lee||2020|
|79||Spencer Roach||Rep||North Fort Myers||Part of Lee||2018|
|80||Lauren Melo||Rep||Naples||Hendry, part of Collier||2020|
|81||Kelly Skidmore||Dem||Boca Raton||Part of Palm Beach||2006–10, 2020|
|82||John Snyder||Rep||Palm City||Parts of Martin and Palm Beach||2020|
|83||Toby Overdorf||Rep||Palm City||Parts of Martin and St. Lucie||2018|
|84||Dana Trabulsy||Rep||Fort Pierce||Part of St. Lucie||2020|
|85||Rick Roth||Rep||Loxahatchee||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|86||Matt Willhite||Dem||Wellington||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|87||David Silvers||Dem||West Palm Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|88||Omari Hardy||Dem||Lake Worth Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2020|
|89||Mike Caruso||Rep||Delray Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2018|
|90||Joseph Casello||Dem||Boynton Beach||Part of Palm Beach||2018|
|91||Emily Slosberg||Dem||Boca Raton||Part of Palm Beach||2016|
|92||Patricia Hawkins-Williams||Dem||Lauderdale Lakes||Part of Broward||2016|
|93||Chip LaMarca||Rep||Lighthouse Point||Part of Broward||2018|
|94||Bobby DuBose||Dem||Fort Lauderdale||Part of Broward||2014|
|95||Anika Omphroy||Dem||Lauderdale Lakes||Part of Broward||2018|
|96||Christine Hunschofsky||Dem||Parkland||Part of Broward||2020|
|97||Dan Daley||Dem||Coral Springs||Part of Broward||2019*|
|98||Michael Gottlieb||Dem||Davie||Part of Broward||2018|
|99||Evan Jenne||Dem||Hollywood||Part of Broward||2014|
|100||Joe Geller||Dem||Aventura||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2014|
|101||Marie Woodson||Dem||Hollywood||Part of Broward||2020|
|102||Felicia Robinson||Dem||Miami Gardens||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2020|
|103||Tom Fabricio||Rep||Miramar||Parts of Broward and Miami-Dade||2020|
|104||Robin Bartleman||Dem||Weston||Part of Broward||2020|
|105||David Borrero||Rep||Sweetwater||Parts of Broward, Collier, and Miami-Dade||2020|
|106||Bob Rommel||Rep||Naples||Part of Collier||2016|
|107||Christopher Benjamin||Dem||Miami Gardens||Part of Miami-Dade||2020|
|108||Dotie Joseph||Dem||North Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|109||James Bush||Dem||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|110||Alex Rizo||Rep||Hialeah||Part of Miami-Dade||2020|
|111||Bryan Avila||Rep||Hialeah||Part of Miami-Dade||2014|
|112||Nicholas Duran||Dem||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2016|
|113||Mike Grieco||Dem||Miami Beach||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|114||Demi Busatta Cabrera||Rep||Coral Gables||Part of Miami-Dade||2020|
|115||Vance Aloupis||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|116||Daniel Perez||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2017*|
|117||Kevin Chambliss||Dem||Florida City||Part of Miami-Dade||2020|
|118||Anthony Rodriguez||Rep||Miami||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|119||Juan Fernandez-Barquin||Rep||Kendale Lakes||Part of Miami-Dade||2018|
|120||Jim Mooney||Rep||Islamorada||Monroe and part of Miami-Dade||2020|
*Elected in a special election.
From 1874 to 1996, the Democratic Party held majorities in the Florida House of Representatives. Following sizable GOP gains in the 1994 election, which significantly reduced the Democratic Party majority in the Florida House, Republicans captured a majority in the 1996 election. The Republican Party has been the majority party since that time in the House.
Additional information on the past composition of the Florida House of Representatives can be found in Allen Morris's The Florida Handbook (various years, published every two years for many years).
The California State Legislature is a bicameral state legislature consisting of a lower house, the California State Assembly, with 80 members; and an upper house, the California State Senate, with 40 members. Both houses of the Legislature convene at the California State Capitol in Sacramento. The California state legislature is one of just ten full-time state legislatures in the United States.
The Michigan Legislature is the legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is organized as a bicameral body composed of an upper chamber, the Senate, and a lower chamber, the House of Representatives. Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The chief purposes of the Legislature are to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws. The Legislature meets in the Capitol building in Lansing.
The Alaska Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is a bicameral institution consisting of the 40-member Alaska House of Representatives and the 20-member Alaska Senate. There are 40 House Districts (1–40) and 20 Senate Districts (A–T). With a total of 60 lawmakers, the Alaska Legislature is the smallest bicameral state legislature in the United States and the second-smallest of all state legislatures. There are no term limits for either chamber.
The Maryland General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Maryland that convenes within the State House in Annapolis. It is a bicameral body: the upper chamber, the Maryland Senate, has 47 representatives and the lower chamber, the Maryland House of Delegates, has 141 representatives. Members of both houses serve four-year terms. Each house elects its own officers, judges the qualifications and election of its own members, establishes rules for the conduct of its business, and may punish or expel its own members.
The Colorado General Assembly is the state legislature of the State of Colorado. It is a bicameral legislature that was created by the 1876 state constitution. Its statutes are codified in the Colorado Revised Statutes (C.R.S.). The session laws are published in the Session Laws of Colorado.
The New Mexico Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of New Mexico. It is a bicameral body made up of the New Mexico House of Representatives and the New Mexico Senate.
The Texas Legislature is the state legislature of the US state of Texas. It is a bicameral body composed of a 31-member Senate and a 150-member House of Representatives. The state legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. It is a powerful arm of the Texas government not only because of its power of the purse to control and direct the activities of state government and the strong constitutional connections between it and the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, but also due to Texas's plural executive.
The Florida Legislature is the legislature of the U.S. State of Florida. It is organized as a bicameral body composed of an upper chamber, the Senate, and a lower chamber, the House of Representatives. Article III, Section 1 of the Florida Constitution, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the legislature and how it is to be constituted. The legislature is composed of 160 state legislators. The primary purpose of the legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws. It meets in the Florida State Capitol building in Tallahassee.
The North Dakota Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of North Dakota. The Legislative Assembly consists of two chambers, the lower North Dakota House of Representatives, with 94 representatives, and the upper North Dakota Senate, with 47 senators. The state is divided into 47 constituent districts, with two representatives and one senator elected from each district. Members of both houses are elected without term limits. Due to the Legislative Assembly being a biennial legislature, with the House and Senate sitting for only 80 days in odd-numbered years, a Legislative Council oversees legislative affairs in the interim periods, doing longer-term studies of issues, and drafting legislation for consideration of both houses during the next session.
The Michigan Senate is the upper house of the Michigan Legislature. Along with the Michigan House of Representatives, it composes the state legislature, which has powers, roles and duties defined by Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws.
The Tennessee General Assembly (TNGA) is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is a part-time bicameral legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Speaker of the Senate carries the additional title and office of Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee. In addition to passing a budget for state government plus other legislation, the General Assembly appoints three state officers specified by the state constitution. It is also the initiating body in any process to amend the state's constitution.
The Florida Senate is the upper house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida House of Representatives being the lower house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The Senate is composed of 40 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 470,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Senators' terms begin immediately, upon their election. The Senate Chamber is located in the State Capitol building.
The government of Alabama is organized under the provisions of the 1901 Constitution of Alabama, the lengthiest constitution of any political entity in the world. Like other states within the United States, Alabama's government is divided into executive, judicial, and legislative branches.
The Alabama Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of Alabama. It is a bicameral body composed of the House of Representatives and Senate. It is one of the few state legislatures in which members of both chambers serve four-year terms and in which all are elected in the same cycle. The most recent election was on November 6, 2018. The new legislature assumes office immediately following the certification of the election results by the Alabama Secretary of State which occurs within a few days following the election.
The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the state legislative branch of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The Oklahoma House of Representatives and Oklahoma Senate are the two houses that make up the bicameral state legislature. There are 101 state representatives, each serving a two-year term, and 48 state senators, who serve four-year terms that are staggered so only half of the Oklahoma Senate districts are eligible in each election cycle. Legislators are elected directly by the people from single member districts of equal population. The Oklahoma Legislature meets annually in the Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City.
The Utah State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Utah. It is a bicameral body, comprising the Utah House of Representatives, with 75 state representatives, and the Utah Senate, with 29 state senators. There are no term limits for either chamber.
The Louisiana State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is a bicameral body, comprising the lower house, the Louisiana House of Representatives with 105 representatives, and the upper house, the Louisiana State Senate with 39 senators. Members of each house are elected from single-member districts of roughly equal populations.
The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the legislature of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Its members introduce and vote on bills and resolutions, provide legislative oversight for state agencies, and help to craft the state's budget. The upper house of the Oklahoma Legislature is the Oklahoma Senate.
The Kansas House of Representatives is the lower house of the legislature of the U.S. state of Kansas. Composed of 125 state representatives from districts with roughly equal populations of at least 19,000, its members are responsible for crafting and voting on legislation, helping to create a state budget, and legislative oversight over state agencies.
The Arkansas General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Arkansas Senate with 35 members, and the lower Arkansas House of Representatives with 100 members. All 135 representatives and state senators represent an equal number of constituent districts. The General Assembly convenes on the second Monday of every other year. A session lasts for 60 days unless the legislature votes to extend it. The Governor of Arkansas can issue a "call" for a special session during the interims between regular sessions. The General Assembly meets at the Arkansas State Capitol in Little Rock.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Florida House of Representatives .|