Sumter County, Florida

Last updated
Sumter County
Bushnell Sumter Cty Crths01.jpg
Sumter County Fl Seal.png
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Sumter County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida in United States.svg
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°43′N82°05′W / 28.71°N 82.08°W / 28.71; -82.08
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Florida.svg  Florida
FoundedJanuary 8, 1853
Named for Thomas Sumter
Seat Bushnell
Largest community The Villages
Area
  Total580 sq mi (1,500 km2)
  Land547 sq mi (1,420 km2)
  Water33 sq mi (90 km2)  5.7%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
128,754 [1]
  Density229/sq mi (88/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 11th
Website www.sumtercountyfl.gov
General Thomas Sumter GenThomasSumter.jpg
General Thomas Sumter

Sumter County is a county located in the state of Florida, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population is 93,420. It has the oldest median age (62.7 years) of any US county. [2] and the highest percentage of residents aged 65 and older—at 55.6% in 2014-2018 (in 2009-2013). [3] Its county seat is Bushnell, [4] and the largest community is The Villages.

Contents

Sumter County comprises Metropolitan Statistical Area of The Villages, which is included in the Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Sumter County was created in 1853. [5] It was named for General Thomas Sumter, a general in the American Revolutionary War. [6] The county in the past, and to this day by some, is nicknamed "Hog County" most likely because it is home to a large population of wild hogs. Hog hunting is still a favorite pastime of locals in the more rural portions of the county.

Although long extremely rural, in recent years Sumter County has sustained an exceptionally large increase in population, almost solely due to the expansion of The Villages retirement complex, a significant portion of which is in the county. This has dramatically changed the demographics of the county and has brought in significant income.

Sumter County was affected by the massive Florida tornado outbreak of February 2, 2007, and declared a state of emergency.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 547 square miles (1,420 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (5.7%) is water. [7]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 1,549
1870 2,95290.6%
1880 4,68658.7%
1890 5,36314.4%
1900 6,18715.4%
1910 6,6968.2%
1920 7,85117.2%
1930 10,64435.6%
1940 11,0413.7%
1950 11,3302.6%
1960 11,8694.8%
1970 14,83925.0%
1980 24,27263.6%
1990 31,57730.1%
2000 53,34568.9%
2010 93,42075.1%
Est. 2018128,754 [8] 37.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2015 [13]

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 53,345 people, 20,779 households, and 15,043 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 25,195 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.60% White, 13.78% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 6.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,779 households out of which 18.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.62. According to U. S. News & World Report over half the population of Sumter County are now senior citizens. [15]

In the county, the population was spread out with 16.10% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 27.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,073, and the median income for a family was $36,999. Males had a median income of $27,346 versus $21,145 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,830. About 9.60% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. According to The Daily Commercial, Sumter County's unemployment rate as of March 2009 is 13.2 percent.

In March 2016, the county's unemployment rate was 6.7%. [ citation needed ]

Government and infrastructure

Federal Correctional Complex, Coleman of the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is located in the county.

It includes:

Presidential elections results
Sumter County vote
by party in presidential elections
[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.27%52,73029.31% 22,6382.42% 1,870
2012 67.13%40,64632.25% 19,5240.62% 376
2008 63.01%30,86636.04% 17,6550.94% 462
2004 62.18%19,80036.38% 11,5841.44% 458
2000 54.48%12,12743.29% 9,6372.23% 497
1996 38.70% 5,96045.56%7,01715.73% 2,423
1992 35.41% 4,36640.77%5,02723.81% 2,936
1988 59.98%5,93639.41% 3,9000.61% 60
1984 64.37%6,25535.62% 3,4610.01% 1
1980 44.41% 3,67152.98%4,3802.62% 216
1976 31.20% 2,21266.59%4,7212.21% 157
1972 76.71%3,69522.98% 1,1070.31% 15
1968 17.96% 91025.21% 1,27756.83%2,879
1964 41.93% 1,63158.07%2,259
1960 32.95% 1,12067.05%2,279
1956 31.30% 1,06168.70%2,329
1952 31.64% 1,05468.36%2,277
1948 11.66% 25165.57%1,41122.77% 490
1944 13.06% 27686.94%1,838
1940 9.60% 25390.40%2,382
1936 29.86% 73470.14%1,724
1932 11.43% 27688.57%2,138
1928 55.60%1,15243.87% 9090.53% 11
1924 15.93% 10870.94%48113.13% 89
1920 18.96% 21979.74%9211.30% 15
1916 9.42% 7080.62%5999.96% 74
1912 3.94% 2274.73%41721.32% 119
1908 12.60% 6269.72%34317.68% 87
1904 12.20% 6163.20%31624.60% 123

Transportation

Railroads

CSX operates one rail line within the county. Amtrak formerly provided passenger rail service to Wildwood, but the stop was terminated in late 2004. [17] Other lines have existed in the past, most notably one from Coleman southeast towards Auburndale in Polk County, part of which includes the General James A. Van Fleet State Trail in Mabel. Amtrak ran along this line until 1988. Another line ran from Croom in Hernando County to Center Hill. Today, part of it is a Forest Road in Withlacoochee State Forest north of the Sumter Rest Area on I-75. A fourth one was part of the Orange Belt Railway, which ran from Trilby in Pasco County to Sylvan Lake in Seminole County. This runs along the south side of State Road 50 east of Tarrytown.

Major roads

Scenic Sumter Heritage Byway

The Sumter County Chamber of Commerce, the cities of Webster and Bushnell, the Sumter County government, businesses, community leaders, veterans’ groups, and individuals worked to have 62 miles of road in Sumter County designated by the state of Florida as a Florida Scenic Byway. [18] On September 1, 2010, the Scenic Sumter Heritage Byway was designated a candidate for the Florida Scenic Highway Program. [19] The Scenic Sumter Heritage Byway became the 24th highway to be designated a Florida Scenic Highway by the Florida Department of Transportation in June 2013. [18] Points of interest along the route include the Dade Battlefield State Historic Site, the Sumter County Farmer’s Market, Lake Panasoffkee, the Florida National Cemetery. [20] On January 25, 2014, community leaders, supporters of the byway, and Assistant Secretary of the Florida Department of Transportation Brian Blanchard cut the ribbon to the highway at the Dade Battlefield State Historic Site in Bushnell. [21]

Public Transportation

Sumter County operates Sumter County Transit, which operates three fixed-route services, as well as paratransit service. [22]

Education

Sumter District Schools operates district public and private schools in Sumter County.

The Villages Charter Schools is a K-12 charter school in unincorporated northern Sumter County in The Villages CDP. [23] Children are eligible to attend the charter school if one or both of their parents work for The Villages. [24]

Among other schools in the county is South Sumter Middle School, a junior high school for students in grades 6-8, and Lake-Sumter State College has a campus in Sumterville that serves the community.

Libraries

Sumter County has 5 branches serving its community as well as a Lake-Sumter State College campus library that is open to the public.

The Sumter County Library Services began servicing the Wahoo, Center Hill, Linden, Croom-A-Coochee areas through the county’s Library on Wheels program in 2008. [25]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

Related Research Articles

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Bushnell, Florida City in Florida, United States

Bushnell is a city in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,418 at the 2010 census. According to the U.S Census estimates of 2018, the city had a population of 3,119.

Coleman, Florida City in Florida, United States

Coleman is a city in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The population was 647 at the 2000 census. According to the U.S Census estimates of 2005, the city had a population of 679.

Lake Panasoffkee, Florida CDP in Florida, United States

Lake Panasoffkee is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The population was 3,551 at the 2010 census.

Wildwood, Florida City in Florida, United States

Wildwood is a city in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The population was 6,709 at the 2010 census. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2018 estimates, the city had a population of 7,024.

State Road 471 is a two-lane rural highway primarily in Sumter County in the state of Florida. It runs north and south from US 98 in northwestern Polk County to US 301 near Sumterville to US 98 in Sumter County.

State Road 48 (SR 48) is a short east–west state highway in Bushnell, Florida. It runs from Interstate 75 (I-75) at exit 314 to U.S. Highway 301 (US 301). Segments formerly a part of the state road are now designated County Road 48 (CR 48) where they are under county maintenance.

State Road 41 is the secret designation for U.S. Route 301 between Temple Terrace and Zephyrhills, Florida. It is known as Fort King Highway in Hillsborough County, and Fort King Road in Pasco County.

U.S. Route 301 in Florida runs from the Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area northeast to the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Area. The road is a spur of U.S. Route 1, which it intersects in Callahan.

Sumterville, Florida Unincorporated community in Florida, United States

Sumterville is an unincorporated community in the U.S. state of Florida within Central Sumter County. Like the county in which it resides, Sumterville was named after General Thomas Sumter, a hero of the American Revolutionary War. The community was an early county seat of Sumter County. The ZIP code for this community is 33585.

Adamsville, Sumter County, Florida Unincorporated community in Florida, United States

Adamsville is an unincorporated community located in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The community is served by the 34785 ZIP Code.

Rutland, Florida Unincorporated community in Florida, United States

Rutland is an unincorporated community in Sumter County, Florida, United States. The ZIP Code is 33538, which it shares with Lake Panasoffkee, over nine miles to the southeast.

St. Catherine, Florida unincorporated community in Florida

St. Catherine is an unincorporated community in western Sumter County, Florida, United States. The ZIP code for this community is 33597, which is shared by Webster to the northeast.

Sumter District Schools is a public school district that covers Sumter County, Florida. The district has its headquarters in Bushnell, Florida.

Wahoo, Florida Unincorporated community in Florida, United States

Wahoo is an unincorporated community in Sumter County, Florida, United States. First settled by the Timucua, the area was eventually settled by the Seminoles. During the Second Seminole War, Wahoo and the surrounding area served as shelter to the Seminoles and as the site of several skirmishes. After the war, white settlers migrated to the area and established a thriving town.

References

  1. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Sumter County, Florida". www.census.gov.
  2. "Age and Sex Composition: 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  3. American Community Survey 2014-2018 5-Year Estimates Now Available. December 19, 2019. Accessed December 21, 2019
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 34.
  6. Frisaro, Freida Ratliff (Feb 21, 1988). "Indian heritage runs deep throughout Central Florida". Ocala Star-Banner. p. 63. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2002-05-27. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  13. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. "Stock quotes, financial tools, news and analysis - MSN Money". realestate.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. "St. Petersburg Times". Loss of Amtrak service shouldn't derail Dade City. Retrieved 2004-10-29.
  18. 1 2 South Lake Press Staff (June 21, 2013). "Sumter wins Florida Scenic Byway recognition". South Lake Press. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  19. Florida Scenic Highway Program (June 2010). "FSHP Designated and Eligible Scenic Highway Information" (PDF). Florida Scenic Highway Program. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  20. Locklear, Brenda (Feb 4, 2014). "Byways to benefit businesses, communities". Sumter County Times. Retrieved Mar 9, 2014.
  21. Sumter County Times Staff (Jan 22, 2014). "Out and About". Sumter County Times. Retrieved Mar 9, 2014.
  22. "Reservations and Routes - Sumter County, FL - Official Website". sumtercountyfl.gov.
  23. "Welcome." The Villages Charter Schools . Retrieved on December 11, 2008.
  24. "Charter-in-the-Workplace." The Villages Charter Schools . Retrieved on December 11, 2008.
  25. Sumter County Board of County Commissioners (2008). "Annual Report 2008". Sumter County Board of County Commissioners. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  26. "Royal Populated Place Profile / Sumter County, Florida Data". florida.hometownlocator.com.

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Museum and Library Resources

Business and Visitor Information

Coordinates: 28°43′N82°05′W / 28.71°N 82.08°W / 28.71; -82.08