Wisconsin State Assembly

Last updated

Wisconsin State Assembly
Wisconsin State Legislature
Seal of Wisconsin.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 7, 2019
Leadership
Speaker of the Assembly
Robin Vos (R)
since January 7, 2013
Speaker pro tempore
Tyler August (R)
since October 8, 2013
Majority Leader
Jim Steineke (R)
since January 5, 2015
Minority Leader
Gordon Hintz (D)
since October 1, 2017
Structure
Seats99
Wisconsin Assembly 1-17-18.svg
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Wisconsin Constitution
Salary$50,950/year + $153 per diem
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
(99 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(99 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
Wisconsin State Assembly Podium.jpg
State Assembly Chamber
Wisconsin State Capitol
Madison, Wisconsin
Website
Wisconsin State Assembly

The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.

Wisconsin Legislature State legislature of the U.S. state of Wisconsin

The Wisconsin Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The Legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Wisconsin State Senate and the lower Wisconsin State Assembly, both of which have had Republican majorities since January 2011. With both houses combined, the legislature has 132 members representing an equal number of constituent districts. The Legislature convenes at the state capitol in Madison.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

Representatives are elected for two-year terms, elected during the fall elections. If a vacancy occurs in an Assembly seat between elections, it may be filled only by a special election.

The Wisconsin Constitution limits the size of the State Assembly to between 54 and 100 members inclusive. Since 1973, the state has been divided into 99 Assembly districts apportioned amongst the state based on population as determined by the decennial census, for a total of 99 representatives. From 1848 to 1853 there were 66 assembly districts; from 1854 to 1856, 82 districts; from 1857 to 1861, 97 districts; and from 1862 to 1972, 100 districts. [1] The size of the Wisconsin State Senate is tied to the size of the Assembly; it must be between one-fourth and one-third the size of the Assembly. Presently, the Senate has 33 members, with each Senate district formed by combining three neighboring Assembly districts.

Wisconsin State Senate

The Wisconsin Senate, the powers of which are modeled after those of the U.S. Senate, is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature, smaller than the Wisconsin State Assembly. Together, they constitute the legislative branch of the state of Wisconsin.

The Assembly chamber is located in the west wing of the Wisconsin State Capitol building, in Madison, Wisconsin.

Wisconsin State Capitol capitol building of Wisconsin

The Wisconsin State Capitol, in Madison, Wisconsin, houses both chambers of the Wisconsin legislature along with the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the Office of the Governor. Completed in 1917, the building is the fifth to serve as the Wisconsin capitol since the first territorial legislature convened in 1836 and the third building since Wisconsin was granted statehood in 1848. The Wisconsin State Capitol is the tallest building in Madison, a distinction that has been preserved by legislation that prohibits buildings taller than the columns surrounding the dome. The Capitol is located at the southwestern end of the Madison Isthmus. The streets surrounding the building form the Capitol Square, which is home to many restaurants and shops.

Madison, Wisconsin Capital of Wisconsin

Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County. As of July 1, 2017, Madison's estimated population of 255,214 made it the second-largest city in Wisconsin by population, after Milwaukee, and the 82nd-largest in the United States. The city forms the core of the Madison Metropolitan Area which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa, Green, and Columbia counties for a population of 654,230.

History

On July 8, 2015 a case was filed with the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin arguing that Wisconsin’s 2011 state assembly map was unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering favoring the Republican-controlled legislature which discriminated against Democratic voters. This case became filed with the court as Whitford v Gill. [2] The case made it to the United States Supreme Court, which vacated and remanded the case. The Supreme Court held that the plaintiff challenging the state assembly map did not have standing to sue, and therefore, the state assembly map was constitutional. In the Opinion of the Court, Chief Justice John Roberts stated that "[a] federal court is not 'a forum for generalized grievances," and the requirement of such a personal stake 'ensures that courts exercise power that is judicial in nature." Gill v. Whitford, 128 S.Ct. 1916 (2018). We enforce that requirement by insisting that a plaintiff [have] Article III standing..." Justice Kagan filed a concurring opinion, in which Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, and Sotomayor joined. Justice Thomas filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justice Gorsuch joined. [3]

United States district court type of court of the United States federal court system

The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court, which is a court of law, equity, and admiralty. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court. Each federal judicial district has at least one courthouse, and many districts have more than one. The formal name of a district court is "the United States District Court for" the name of the district—for example, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri.

United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin

The United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin is a federal court in the Seventh Circuit.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Salary and benefits

Desks and voting board Wisconsin State Assembly Chairs and Electronic Vote Board.jpg
Desks and voting board

Representatives elected or re-elected in the fall of 2016 receive an annual salary of $50,950. [4]

In addition to their salaries, representatives outside Dane County may receive up to $88 per day in living expenses while in Madison on state business. Members of the Dane County delegation are allowed up to $44 per day in expenses. Each representative also receives $75 per month in "out-of-session" pay when the legislature is in session for three days or less. Over two years, each representative is allotted $12,000 to cover general office expenses, printing, postage and district mailings.

Dane County, Wisconsin County in the United States

Dane County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 488,075, making it the second-most populous county in Wisconsin. The 2018 estimate places the county's population at 542,364. The county seat is Madison, which is also the state capital.

Per diem or daily allowance is a specific amount of money an organization gives an individual, often an employee, per day to cover living expenses when traveling for work.

According to a 1960 study, at that time Assembly salaries and benefits were so low that in Milwaukee County, positions on the County Board of Supervisors and the Milwaukee Common Council were considered more desirable than seats in the Assembly, and an average of 23% of Milwaukee legislators did not seek re-election. This pattern was not seen to hold to the same extent in the rest of the state, where local offices tended to pay less well. [5]

Current session

Composition

Down-arrow-14.png
6335
RepublicanDemocratic
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Vacant
Republican Democratic Total
Begin of 101st legislature (2013)5939981
End 101st (2014)60990
Begin 102nd (2015)6336990
End 102nd (2016)
Begin 103rd (2017)6435990
End 103rd (2018)
Begin 104th (2019)6335991
Latest voting share63.6%35.4%

Officers

PositionNameParty
Speaker Robin Vos Republican
Speaker Pro Tempore Tyler August Republican
Majority Leader Jim Steineke Republican
Assistant Majority Leader Mary Felzkowski Republican
Majority Caucus Chair Dan Knodl Republican
Minority Leader Gordon Hintz Democratic
Assistant Minority Leader Dianne Hesselbein Democratic
Minority Caucus Chair Mark Spreitzer Democratic
Chief ClerkPatrick Fuller
Sergeant-at-Arms Anne Tonnon Byers

Members

The corresponding state senate districts are shown as a senate district is formed by nesting three assembly districts.

Senate
District
Assembly
District
RepresentativePartyCurrent AgeResidenceFirst Elected
1 1 Joel Kitchens Rep61 Sturgeon Bay 2014
2 Shae Sortwell Rep33 Two Rivers 2018
3 Ron Tusler Rep35 Appleton 2016
2 4 David Steffen Rep47 Howard 2014
5 Jim Steineke Rep48 Kaukauna 2010
6 Gary Tauchen Rep65 Bonduel 2006
3 7 Daniel Riemer Dem32 Milwaukee 2012
8 JoCasta Zamarripa Dem43 Milwaukee 2010
9 Marisabel Cabrera Dem43 Milwaukee 2018
4 10 David Bowen Dem32 Milwaukee 2014
11 Jason Fields Dem45 Milwaukee 2016
12 LaKeshia Myers Dem34 Milwaukee 2018
5 13 Rob Hutton Rep52 Brookfield 2012
14 Robyn Vining Dem42 Wauwatosa 2018
15 Joe Sanfelippo Rep55 New Berlin 2012
6 16 Kalan Haywood Dem19 Milwaukee 2018
17 David Crowley Dem32 Milwaukee 2016
18 Evan Goyke Dem36 Milwaukee 2012
7 19 Jonathan Brostoff Dem35 Milwaukee 2014
20 Christine Sinicki Dem59 Bay View 1998
21 Jessie Rodriguez Rep41 Franklin 2013
8 22 Janel Brandtjen Rep53 Waukesha 2014
23 Jim Ott Rep71 Mequon 2006
24 Dan Knodl Rep60 Germantown 2008
9 25 Paul Tittl Rep57 Manitowoc 2012
26 Terry Katsma Rep60 Oostburg 2014
27 Tyler Vorpagel Rep34 Plymouth 2014
10 28 Gae Magnafici Rep66 Dresser 2018
29 Rob Stafsholt Rep43 New Richmond 2016
30 Shannon Zimmerman Rep47 River Falls 2016
11 31 Amy Loudenbeck Rep49 Clinton 2010
32 Tyler August Rep36 Walworth 2010
33 Cody Horlacher Rep32 Mukwonago 2014
12 34 Rob Swearingen Rep55 Rhinelander 2012
35 Mary Felzkowski Rep55 Irma 2012
36 Jeffrey Mursau Rep64 Crivitz 2004
13 37 John Jagler Rep49 Watertown 2012
38 Barbara Dittrich Rep54 Oconomowoc 2018
39 Mark Born Rep43 Beaver Dam 2012
14 40 Kevin David Petersen Rep54 Waupaca 2006
41 Joan Ballweg Rep67 Markesan 2004
42 Jon Plumer Rep64 Lodi 2018
15 43 Don Vruwink Dem66 Milton 2016
44 Debra Kolste Dem65 Janesville 2012
45 Mark Spreitzer Dem32 Beloit 2014
16 46 Gary Hebl Dem67 Sun Prairie 2004
47 Jimmy P. Anderson Dem32 Fitchburg 2016
48 Melissa Sargent Dem50 Madison 2012
17 49 Travis Tranel Rep33 Cuba City 2010
50 Tony Kurtz Rep52 Wonewoc 2018
51 Todd Novak Rep53 Dodgeville 2014
18 52 Jeremy Thiesfeldt Rep52 Fond du Lac 2010
53 Michael Schraa Rep58 Oshkosh 2012
54 Gordon Hintz Dem45 Oshkosh 2006
19 55 Mike Rohrkaste Rep60 Neenah 2014
56 Dave Murphy Rep64 Greenville 2012
57 Amanda Stuck Dem33 Appleton 2014
20 58 Rick Gundrum Rep53 Slinger 2018
59 Timothy Ramthun Rep62 Campbellsport 2018
60 Robert Brooks Rep53 Saukville 2011
21 61 Samantha Kerkman Rep45 Powers Lake 2000
62 Robert Wittke Rep61 Racine 2018
63 Robin Vos Rep50 Rochester 2004
22 64Vacant
65 Tod Ohnstad Dem66 Kenosha 2012
66 Greta Neubauer Dem27 Racine 2018
23 67 Rob Summerfield Rep39 Bloomer 2016
68 Jesse James Rep47 Altoona 2018
69 Bob Kulp Rep53 Stratford 2013
24 70 Nancy VanderMeer Rep60 Tomah 2014
71 Katrina Shankland Dem31 Stevens Point 2012
72 Scott Krug Rep43 Wisconsin Rapids 2010
25 73 Nick Milroy Dem45 Superior 2008
74 Beth Meyers Dem59 Bayfield 2014
75 Romaine Quinn Rep28 Rice Lake 2014
26 76 Chris Taylor Dem51 Madison 2011
77 Shelia Stubbs Dem Madison 2018
78 Lisa Subeck Dem47 Madison 2014
27 79 Dianne Hesselbein Dem48 Middleton 2012
80 Sondy Pope Dem68 Mount Horeb 2002
81 Dave Considine Dem67 Baraboo 2014
28 82 Ken Skowronski Rep80 Franklin 2013
83 Chuck Wichgers Rep53 Muskego 2016
84 Mike Kuglitsch Rep59 New Berlin 2010
29 85 Patrick Snyder Rep62 Schofield 2016
86 John Spiros Rep57 Marshfield 2012
87 James Edming Rep73 Glen Flora 2014
30 88 John Macco Rep60 De Pere 2014
89 John Nygren Rep55 Marinette 2006
90 Staush Gruszynski Dem34 Green Bay 2018
31 91 Jodi Emerson Dem45 Eau Claire 2018
92 Treig Pronschinske Rep52 Mondovi 2016
93 Warren Petryk Rep64 Eleva 2010
32 94 Steve Doyle Dem60 Onalaska 2011
95 Jill Billings Dem57 La Crosse 2011
96 Loren Oldenburg Rep53 Viroqua 2018
33 97 Scott Allen Rep53 Waukesha 2014
98 Adam Neylon Rep34 Pewaukee 2013
99 Cindi Duchow Rep60 Delafield 2015

Images

Past composition of the Assembly

See also

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References

  1. Wisconsin Blue Book, 1991 , p. 229.
  2. "Whitford v. Gill | Brennan Center for Justice". www.brennancenter.org. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  3. "Gill v. Whitford". SCOTUS blog. Retrieved February 9, 2019.PD-icon.svgThis article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. "Salaries of Elected Officials Effective January 2017" (PDF). Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  5. Hagensick, A. Clarke. "Influences of Partisanship and Incumbency on a Nonpartisan Election System". The Western Political Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1 (March 1964), pp. 117–124.