Wisconsin State Assembly
|Wisconsin State Legislature|
New session started
|January 7, 2019|
Speaker of the Assembly
Speaker pro tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution|
|Salary||$50,950/year + $153 per diem|
| November 6, 2018 |
|November 3, 2020|
|State Assembly Chamber|
Wisconsin State Capitol
|Wisconsin State Assembly|
The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Wisconsin Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The Legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Wisconsin State Senate and the lower Wisconsin State Assembly, both of which have had Republican majorities since January 2011. With both houses combined, the legislature has 132 members representing an equal number of constituent districts. The Legislature convenes at the state capitol in Madison.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Representatives are elected for two-year terms, elected during the fall elections. If a vacancy occurs in an Assembly seat between elections, it may be filled only by a special election.
The Wisconsin Constitution limits the size of the State Assembly to between 54 and 100 members inclusive. Since 1973, the state has been divided into 99 Assembly districts apportioned amongst the state based on population as determined by the decennial census, for a total of 99 representatives. From 1848 to 1853 there were 66 assembly districts; from 1854 to 1856, 82 districts; from 1857 to 1861, 97 districts; and from 1862 to 1972, 100 districts.The size of the Wisconsin State Senate is tied to the size of the Assembly; it must be between one-fourth and one-third the size of the Assembly. Presently, the Senate has 33 members, with each Senate district formed by combining three neighboring Assembly districts.
The Wisconsin Senate, the powers of which are modeled after those of the U.S. Senate, is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature, smaller than the Wisconsin State Assembly. Together, they constitute the legislative branch of the state of Wisconsin.
The Assembly chamber is located in the west wing of the Wisconsin State Capitol building, in Madison, Wisconsin.
The Wisconsin State Capitol, in Madison, Wisconsin, houses both chambers of the Wisconsin legislature along with the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the Office of the Governor. Completed in 1917, the building is the fifth to serve as the Wisconsin capitol since the first territorial legislature convened in 1836 and the third building since Wisconsin was granted statehood in 1848. The Wisconsin State Capitol is the tallest building in Madison, a distinction that has been preserved by legislation that prohibits buildings taller than the columns surrounding the dome. The Capitol is located at the southwestern end of the Madison Isthmus. The streets surrounding the building form the Capitol Square, which is home to many restaurants and shops.
Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County. As of July 1, 2017, Madison's estimated population of 255,214 made it the second-largest city in Wisconsin by population, after Milwaukee, and the 82nd-largest in the United States. The city forms the core of the Madison Metropolitan Area which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa, Green, and Columbia counties for a population of 654,230.
On July 8, 2015 a case was filed with the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin arguing that Wisconsin’s 2011 state assembly map was unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering favoring the Republican-controlled legislature which discriminated against Democratic voters. This case became filed with the court as Whitford v Gill.The case made it to the United States Supreme Court, which vacated and remanded the case. The Supreme Court held that the plaintiff challenging the state assembly map did not have standing to sue, and therefore, the state assembly map was constitutional. In the Opinion of the Court, Chief Justice John Roberts stated that "[a] federal court is not 'a forum for generalized grievances," and the requirement of such a personal stake 'ensures that courts exercise power that is judicial in nature." Gill v. Whitford, 128 S.Ct. 1916 (2018). We enforce that requirement by insisting that a plaintiff [have] Article III standing..." Justice Kagan filed a concurring opinion, in which Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, and Sotomayor joined. Justice Thomas filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justice Gorsuch joined.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court, which is a court of law, equity, and admiralty. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court. Each federal judicial district has at least one courthouse, and many districts have more than one. The formal name of a district court is "the United States District Court for" the name of the district—for example, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin is a federal court in the Seventh Circuit.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Representatives elected or re-elected in the fall of 2016 receive an annual salary of $50,950.
In addition to their salaries, representatives outside Dane County may receive up to $88 per day in living expenses while in Madison on state business. Members of the Dane County delegation are allowed up to $44 per day in expenses. Each representative also receives $75 per month in "out-of-session" pay when the legislature is in session for three days or less. Over two years, each representative is allotted $12,000 to cover general office expenses, printing, postage and district mailings.
Dane County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 488,075, making it the second-most populous county in Wisconsin. The 2018 estimate places the county's population at 542,364. The county seat is Madison, which is also the state capital.
Per diem or daily allowance is a specific amount of money an organization gives an individual, often an employee, per day to cover living expenses when traveling for work.
According to a 1960 study, at that time Assembly salaries and benefits were so low that in Milwaukee County, positions on the County Board of Supervisors and the Milwaukee Common Council were considered more desirable than seats in the Assembly, and an average of 23% of Milwaukee legislators did not seek re-election. This pattern was not seen to hold to the same extent in the rest of the state, where local offices tended to pay less well.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Begin of 101st legislature (2013)||59||39||98||1|
|End 101st (2014)||60||99||0|
|Begin 102nd (2015)||63||36||99||0|
|End 102nd (2016)|
|Begin 103rd (2017)||64||35||99||0|
|End 103rd (2018)|
|Begin 104th (2019)||63||35||99||1|
|Latest voting share||63.6%||35.4%|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Tyler August||Republican|
|Majority Leader||Jim Steineke||Republican|
|Assistant Majority Leader||Mary Felzkowski||Republican|
|Majority Caucus Chair||Dan Knodl||Republican|
|Minority Leader||Gordon Hintz||Democratic|
|Assistant Minority Leader||Dianne Hesselbein||Democratic|
|Minority Caucus Chair||Mark Spreitzer||Democratic|
|Chief Clerk||Patrick Fuller|
|Sergeant-at-Arms||Anne Tonnon Byers|
The corresponding state senate districts are shown as a senate district is formed by nesting three assembly districts.
|Representative||Party||Current Age||Residence||First Elected|
|1||1||Joel Kitchens||Rep||61||Sturgeon Bay||2014|
|2||Shae Sortwell||Rep||33||Two Rivers||2018|
|15||Joe Sanfelippo||Rep||55||New Berlin||2012|
|20||Christine Sinicki||Dem||59||Bay View||1998|
|29||Rob Stafsholt||Rep||43||New Richmond||2016|
|30||Shannon Zimmerman||Rep||47||River Falls||2016|
|39||Mark Born||Rep||43||Beaver Dam||2012|
|14||40||Kevin David Petersen||Rep||54||Waupaca||2006|
|16||46||Gary Hebl||Dem||67||Sun Prairie||2004|
|47||Jimmy P. Anderson||Dem||32||Fitchburg||2016|
|17||49||Travis Tranel||Rep||33||Cuba City||2010|
|18||52||Jeremy Thiesfeldt||Rep||52||Fond du Lac||2010|
|21||61||Samantha Kerkman||Rep||45||Powers Lake||2000|
|71||Katrina Shankland||Dem||31||Stevens Point||2012|
|72||Scott Krug||Rep||43||Wisconsin Rapids||2010|
|75||Romaine Quinn||Rep||28||Rice Lake||2014|
|80||Sondy Pope||Dem||68||Mount Horeb||2002|
|84||Mike Kuglitsch||Rep||59||New Berlin||2010|
|87||James Edming||Rep||73||Glen Flora||2014|
|30||88||John Macco||Rep||60||De Pere||2014|
|90||Staush Gruszynski||Dem||34||Green Bay||2018|
|31||91||Jodi Emerson||Dem||45||Eau Claire||2018|
|95||Jill Billings||Dem||57||La Crosse||2011|
Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that decided that redistricting issues present justiciable questions, thus enabling federal courts to intervene and to decide redistricting cases. The defendants unsuccessfully argued that redistricting of legislative districts is a "political question", and hence not a question that may be resolved by federal courts.
The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619. The General Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of a lower house, the Virginia House of Delegates, with 100 members, and an upper house, the Senate of Virginia, with 40 members. Combined together, the General Assembly consists of 140 elected representatives from an equal number of constituent districts across the commonwealth. The House of Delegates is presided over by the Speaker of the House, while the Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. The House and Senate each elect a clerk and sergeant-at-arms. The Senate of Virginia's clerk is known as the "Clerk of the Senate".
Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964), was a United States Supreme Court case which ruled 8-1 that unlike in the election of the United States Senate, in the election of any chamber of a state legislature the electoral districts must be roughly equal in population. The case was brought on behalf of voters in Alabama by M.O. Sims, a taxpayer in Birmingham, Alabama, but affected both northern and southern states that had similarly failed to reapportion their legislatures in keeping with changes in state population after its application in five companion cases in Colorado, New York, Maryland, Virginia, and Delaware.
Diane Schwerm Sykes is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and former Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
The Nevada Senate is the upper house of the Nevada Legislature, the state legislature of U.S. state of Nevada, the lower house being the Nevada Assembly. It currently (2012–2021) consists of 21 members from single-member districts. In the previous redistricting (2002–2011) there were 19 districts, two of which were multimember. Since 2012, there have been 21 districts, each formed by combining two neighboring state assembly districts. Each State Senator represented approximately 128,598 as of the 2010 United States Census. Article Four of the Constitution of Nevada sets that State Senators serve staggered four-year terms.
League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry, 548 U.S. 399 (2006), is a Supreme Court of the United States case in which the Court ruled that only District 23 of the 2003 Texas redistricting violated the Voting Rights Act. The Court refused to throw out the entire plan, ruling that the plaintiffs failed to state a sufficient claim of partisan gerrymandering.
The Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors is the legislative branch of the government of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. Supervisors are elected to the board in nonpartisan elections. There are 18 supervisors. The county board has several committees and votes on issues involving the county, such as the budget.
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of Wisconsin since October 6, 2014, upon the resolution of a lawsuit challenging the state's ban on same-sex marriage. On October 6, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal of an appellate court ruling in Wolf v. Walker that had found Wisconsin's ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional. The appellate court issued its order prohibiting enforcement of the state's ban on same-sex marriage the next day and Wisconsin counties began issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples immediately.
Frederick P. Kessler is an American lawyer, arbitrator, and former judge who has served as a Democratic Party member of the Wisconsin State Assembly, representing the 12th Assembly District since 2004. Earlier he served from 1960 through 1962, and from 1964 through 1970.
Vieth v. Jubelirer, 541 U.S. 267 (2004), was a case heard before the United States Supreme Court. The ruling was significant in the area of partisan redistricting and political gerrymandering. The court, in a plurality decision by Justice Antonin Scalia and joined by Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Justices Sandra Day O'Connor and Clarence Thomas, with Justice Anthony Kennedy concurring in the judgment, upheld the ruling of the District Court in favor of the appellees that the alleged political gerrymandering was not unconstitutional.
Sandra (Sandy) Pasch is an American nurse from Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin who was a Democratic member of the Wisconsin State Assembly, from 2009-2015.
N.Y. State Bd. of Elections v. Lopez Torres, 552 U.S. 196 (2008), was a case decided by the United States Supreme Court that involved a constitutional challenge brought against New York State's judicial election law, alleging that it unfairly prevented candidates from obtaining access to the ballot. The Supreme Court rejected this challenge and held that the state's election laws did not infringe upon candidates' First Amendment associational rights. Several concurring justices emphasized, however, that their decision reflected only the constitutionality of the state's election system, and not its wisdom or merit.
Janet Bewley is an Ashland, Wisconsin Democratic politician and legislator.
Edward Vernon Whiton was an American lawyer and jurist, and was the first Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
Davis v. Mann, 377 U.S. 678 (1964), was a United States Supreme Court which was one of a series of cases decided in 1964 that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
Gerrymandering in the United States is the practice of setting boundaries of electoral districts to favor specific political interests within legislative bodies. Partisan gerrymandering to increase the power of a political party has been practiced since the beginning of the United States.
Gill v. Whitford, 585 U.S. ___ (2018), was a United States Supreme Court case involving the constitutionality of partisan gerrymandering. Other forms of gerrymandering based on racial or ethnic grounds have been deemed unconstitutional, and while the Supreme Court has identified that extreme partisan gerrymandering can also be unconstitutional, the Court has not agreed on how this can be defined, leaving the question to lower courts to decide.
Rucho v. Common Cause is a case pending before the Supreme Court of the United States to be heard in their 2018 term. The case is one of two being heard in this term dealing with issues related to partisan gerrymandering used in the districting plans of states. Rucho deals with the congressional redistricting of North Carolina which is said to heavily favor the Republican party.