Wisconsin State Assembly
|Wisconsin State Legislature|
New session started
|January 4, 2021|
Speaker pro tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution|
|Salary||$50,950/year + $153 per diem|
| November 3, 2020 |
|November 8, 2022|
|State Assembly Chamber|
Wisconsin State Capitol
|Wisconsin State Assembly|
The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Representatives are elected for two-year terms, elected during the fall elections. If a vacancy occurs in an Assembly seat between elections, it may be filled only by a special election.
The Wisconsin Constitution limits the size of the State Assembly to between 54 and 100 members inclusive. Since 1973, the state has been divided into 99 Assembly districts apportioned amongst the state based on population as determined by the decennial census, for a total of 99 representatives. From 1848 to 1853 there were 66 assembly districts; from 1854 to 1856, 82 districts; from 1857 to 1861, 97 districts; and from 1862 to 1972, 100 districts.The size of the Wisconsin State Senate is tied to the size of the Assembly; it must be between one-fourth and one-third the size of the Assembly. Presently, the Senate has 33 members, with each Senate district formed by combining three neighboring Assembly districts.
The Assembly chamber is located in the west wing of the Wisconsin State Capitol building, in Madison, Wisconsin.
On July 8, 2015 a case was filed with the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin arguing that Wisconsin's 2011 state assembly map was unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering favoring the Republican-controlled legislature which discriminated against Democratic voters. This case became filed with the court as Whitford v Gill.The case made it to the United States Supreme Court, which vacated and remanded the case. The Supreme Court held that the plaintiff challenging the state assembly map did not have standing to sue. In the Opinion of the Court, Chief Justice John Roberts stated that "[a] federal court is not 'a forum for generalized grievances," and the requirement of such a personal stake 'ensures that courts exercise power that is judicial in nature." Gill v. Whitford, 128 S.Ct. 1916 (2018). We enforce that requirement by insisting that a plaintiff [have] Article III standing..." Justice Kagan filed a concurring opinion, in which Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, and Sotomayor joined. Justice Thomas filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justice Gorsuch joined.
Representatives elected or re-elected in the fall of 2016 receive an annual salary of $50,950.
In addition to their salaries, representatives outside Dane County may receive up to $88 per day in living expenses while in Madison on state business. Members of the Dane County delegation are allowed up to $44 per day in expenses. Each representative also receives $75 per month in "out-of-session" pay when the legislature is in session for three days or less. Over two years, each representative is allotted $12,000 to cover general office expenses, printing, postage and district mailings.
According to a 1960 study, at that time Assembly salaries and benefits were so low that in Milwaukee County, positions on the County Board of Supervisors and the Milwaukee Common Council were considered more desirable than seats in the Assembly, and an average of 23% of Milwaukee legislators did not seek re-election. This pattern was not seen to hold to the same extent in the rest of the state, where local offices tended to pay less well.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Begin of 101st legislature (2013)||39||59||98||1|
|End 101st (2014)||60||99||0|
|Begin 102nd (2015)||36||63||99||0|
|End 102nd (2016)|
|Begin 103rd (2017)||35||64||99||0|
|End 103rd (2018)|
|Begin 104th (2019)||36||63||99||0|
|End 104th (2020)||34||62||96||3|
|Begin 105th (2021)||38||60||98||1|
|Latest voting share||38.78%||61.22%|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Tyler August||Republican|
|Majority Leader||Jim Steineke||Republican|
|Assistant Majority Leader||Kevin David Petersen||Republican|
|Majority Caucus Chair||Tyler Vorpagel||Republican|
|Minority Leader||Gordon Hintz||Democratic|
|Assistant Minority Leader||Dianne Hesselbein||Democratic|
|Minority Caucus Chair||Mark Spreitzer||Democratic|
|Chief Clerk||Patrick Fuller|
|Sergeant-at-Arms||Anne Tonnon Byers|
The corresponding state senate districts are shown as a senate district is formed by nesting three assembly districts.
|Representative||Party||Current Age||Residence||First Elected|
|01||01||Joel Kitchens||Rep||63||Sturgeon Bay||2014|
|02||Shae Sortwell||Rep||35||Two Rivers||2018|
|15||Joe Sanfelippo||Rep||56||New Berlin||2012|
|17||Supreme Moore Omokunde||Dem||41||Milwaukee||2020|
|20||Christine Sinicki||Dem||60||Bay View||1998|
|23||Deb Andraca||Dem||Whitefish Bay||2020|
|30||Shannon Zimmerman||Rep||48||River Falls||2016|
|39||Mark Born||Rep||44||Beaver Dam||2012|
|14||40||Kevin David Petersen||Rep||56||Waupaca||2006|
|41||Alex Dallman||Rep||Green Lake||2020|
|16||46||Gary Hebl||Dem||69||Sun Prairie||2004|
|47||Jimmy P. Anderson||Dem||34||Fitchburg||2016|
|17||49||Travis Tranel||Rep||35||Cuba City||2010|
|18||52||Jeremy Thiesfeldt||Rep||54||Fond du Lac||2010|
|19||55||Rachael Cabral-Guevara||Rep||Fox Crossing||2020|
|21||61||Samantha Kerkman||Rep||46||Powers Lake||2000|
|71||Katrina Shankland||Dem||33||Stevens Point||2012|
|72||Scott Krug||Rep||45||Wisconsin Rapids||2010|
|75||David Armstrong||Rep||Rice Lake||2020|
|80||Sondy Pope-Roberts||Dem||70||Mount Horeb||2002|
|84||Mike Kuglitsch||Rep||60||New Berlin||2010|
|87||James W. Edming||Rep||75||Glen Flora||2014|
|30||88||John Macco||Rep||62||De Pere||2014|
|90||Kristina Shelton||Dem||40||Green Bay||2020|
|31||91||Jodi Emerson||Dem||47||Eau Claire||2018|
|95||Jill Billings||Dem||58||La Crosse||2011|
Currently the list of Assembly Committeesis quite lengthy.
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Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the electoral districts of state legislative chambers must be roughly equal in population. Along with Baker v. Carr (1962) and Wesberry v. Sanders (1964), it was part of a series of Warren Court cases that applied the principle of "one person, one vote" to U.S. legislative bodies.
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Vieth v. Jubelirer, 541 U.S. 267 (2004), was a United States Supreme Court ruling that was significant in the area of partisan redistricting and political gerrymandering. The court, in a plurality decision by Justice Antonin Scalia and joined by Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Justices Sandra Day O'Connor and Clarence Thomas, with Justice Anthony Kennedy concurring in the judgment, upheld the ruling of the District Court in favor of the appellees that the alleged political gerrymandering was not unconstitutional.
N.Y. State Bd. of Elections v. Lopez Torres, 552 U.S. 196 (2008), was a case decided by the United States Supreme Court that involved a constitutional challenge brought against New York State's judicial election law, alleging that it unfairly prevented candidates from obtaining access to the ballot. The Supreme Court rejected this challenge and held that the state's election laws did not infringe upon candidates' First Amendment associational rights. Several concurring justices emphasized, however, that their decision reflected only the constitutionality of the state's election system, and not its wisdom or merit.
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Davis v. Mann, 377 U.S. 678 (1964), was a United States Supreme Court which was one of a series of cases decided in 1964 that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
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The Wisconsin general elections, 2016 were held in the U.S. state of Wisconsin on November 8, 2016. One of Wisconsin's U.S. Senate seats and all eight seats in the United States House of Representatives are up for election, as well as half of the Wisconsin Senate seats and all of the Wisconsin Assembly seats. Primary elections were held on August 9, 2016.
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