Alaska House of Representatives

Last updated

Alaska House of Representatives
Alaska Legislature
State Seal of Alaska.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 15, 2019
Leadership
Bryce Edgmon (I)
since February 14, 2019
Majority Leader
Steve Thompson (R-C)
since February 14, 2019
Minority Leader
Lance Pruitt (R)
since February 14, 2019
Structure
Seats40
Alaska State House of Representatives (2019-2021).svg
Political groups
Majority caucus (22)
  •    Democratic  (15)
  •    Republican  (5)
  •    Independent  (2)
Minority caucus (16)
Other (2)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 2, Alaska Constitution
Salary$50,400/year + per diem
Elections
Nonpartisan blanket primary / Ranked-choice voting
Last election
November 3, 2020
(40 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(40 seats)
RedistrictingAlaska Redistricting Board
Meeting place
Alaska House of Representatives.png
House of Representatives chamber
Alaska State Capitol
Juneau, Alaska
Website
Alaska House of Representatives

The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower chamber in the United States.

Contents

The House convenes at the State Capitol in Juneau.

Powers and process

Members of the Alaska House of Representatives are responsible for a portion of the process of making and amending state law. The first step of the legislative process is filing a bill by giving it to the chief clerk of the Alaska House of Representatives. [1] The chief clerk will then assign bills a number. [1]

Bills are introduced and read the first time with the number, sponsor or sponsors, and the title of the bill and then referred to a committee(s). [1] Committee chairs can choose whether or not hear a bill and committees can vote to approve a bill in its original form or make modifications through a committee substitute. [1] Once bills or substitutes are approved, the legislation is referred to the next committee of assignment or to the Rules Committee, which can further amend the bill or assign it to the daily floor calendar. [1]

Once a bill is scheduled on the floor, it appears on the calendar in Second Reading. The bill is again read by number, sponsor or sponsors, and title along with the standing committee reports. A motion is made on the floor to adopt any committee substitutes. [1] Amendments can also be offered and voted on. [1] Third Reading is where the motion is made to vote on the bill. [1]

Senate action

After final passage in the Alaska House of Representatives, a bill is engrossed and sent to the Alaska Senate to go through the same process of introduction, committee referral and three readings. Likewise, bills that have been approved on Third Reading in the Alaska Senate are engrossed and sent to the Alaska House of Representatives. [1]

Enrollment or conference

When a bill is not modified in the second house, it can be sent to the governor on Third Reading, through enrollment. If the bill is modified, the house of origin must vote to accept or reject amendments by the opposite house. A Fourth Reading, in the case of acceptance, will send the bill to the governor, through enrollment. If amendments are rejected, the bill can be sent to conference, where members of the Senate and House hash out a final version and send it to a Fourth Reading in both houses. [1]

Governor and veto override

The governor can choose to sign or veto the legislation. In the case of the veto, a two-thirds majority of a joint session can override the veto. An appropriations bill requires a three-fourths majority vote in a joint session to override a veto. If signed or approved by a veto override, the legislation becomes law. [1]

Membership

Terms and qualifications

State representatives must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office. [2] A state representative must be 21 years of age at the time the oath of office is taken. [2] The Alaska House of Representatives may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house. [2]

Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubernatorial election. [3] State representatives serve for terms of two years. [3]

Leadership

House of Representatives member directory in the hallway of the Capitol building. Taken in 2009, this shows the House membership during the 26th Legislature. AlaskaHouseOfRepresentativesDirectory2009.jpg
House of Representatives member directory in the hallway of the Capitol building. Taken in 2009, this shows the House membership during the 26th Legislature.

The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.

PositionNamePartyResidenceDistrict
Speaker Bryce Edgmon Ind Dillingham 37
Majority Leader Steve M. ThompsonRep-Coalition Fairbanks 2
Minority Leader Lance Pruitt Rep Anchorage 27

Current composition

16152151
RepublicanRRep.Ind.DemocraticV
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic IndVacant
End of 28th Legislature264100400
Begin 29th Legislature (2015)234121400
End of 29th (2016) [4] 122
30th Legislature183172400
Begin 31st Legislature [5] 22161391
January 17, 2019 [6] 23400
February 13, 2019 [7] 152
February 14, 2019 [8] 158152
May 5, 2019 [9] 1517
July 20, 2019 [10] 166
November 2, 2019 [11] 15391
December 2, 2019 [12] 16400
January 24, 2020 [13] 15391
February 21, 2020 [14] 16400
July 31, 2020 [15] 5391
Latest voting share

Past partisan compositions can be found on Political party strength in Alaska.

Committees

Current committees include: [16]

Current members (31st Alaska State Legislature)

Alaska State House of Representatives
31st Alaska Legislature, 2019–2020
DistrictNamePartyResidenceAssumed
office
1 Bart LeBon Rep-Coalition Fairbanks 2019
2 Steve Thompson Rep-CoalitionFairbanks2011
3 Mike Prax Rep North Pole 2009↑
4 Grier Hopkins DemFairbanks2019
5 Adam Wool DemFairbanks2015
6 Dave Talerico Rep Healy 2015
7 Colleen Sullivan-Leonard Rep Wasilla 2017
8 Mark Neuman Rep Big Lake 2005
9 George Rauscher Rep Palmer 2017
10 David Eastman RepWasilla2017
11 DeLena Johnson RepPalmer2017
12 Cathy Tilton RepWasilla2015
13 Sharon Jackson Rep Eagle River 2019↑
14 Kelly Merrick Rep Eagle River 2019
15 Gabrielle LeDoux Rep [17] Anchorage 2013
16 Ivy Spohnholz DemAnchorage2016↑
17 Andy Josephson DemAnchorage2013
18 Harriet Drummond DemAnchorage2013
19 Geran Tarr DemAnchorage2013
20 Zack Fields DemAnchorage2019
21 Matt Claman DemAnchorage2015
22 Sara Rasmussen RepAnchorage2019
23 Chris Tuck DemAnchorage2009
24 Chuck Kopp Rep-CoalitionAnchorage2017
25 Mel Gillis RepAnchorage2019
26 Laddie Shaw RepAnchorage2019
27 Lance Pruitt RepAnchorage2011
28 Jennifer Johnston Rep-CoalitionAnchorage2017
29 Ben Carpenter Rep Nikiski 2019
30Vacant
31 Sarah Vance Rep Homer 2019
32 Louise Stutes Rep-Coalition Kodiak 2015
33 Sara Hannan Dem Juneau 2019
34 Andi Story DemJuneau2019
35 Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins Dem Sitka 2013
36 Dan Ortiz Ind Ketchikan 2015
37 Bryce Edgmon Ind Dillingham 2007
38 Tiffany Zulkosky Dem Bethel 2018↑
39 Neal Foster Dem Nome 2009↑
40 John Lincoln Dem Kotzebue 2018↑

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

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The 2018 Alaska House of Representatives election were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with the primary election on August 21, 2018. Voters in the 40 districts of the Alaska House of Representatives elected their representatives. The elections coincided with the elections for other state offices, including the gubernatorial election and the state senate elections. While Republicans nominally gained a majority in the chamber, when the new House convened in 2019, Democratic members formed a coalition with Independents and dissident Republicans to re-elect Bryce Edgmon as Speaker.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Legislative Process, Alaska Legislature (accessed April 27, 2013)
  2. 1 2 3 Alaska Handbook to State Government (accessed April 25, 2013)
  3. 1 2 Article 2 of the Alaska Constitution, Lieutenant Governor's Office (accessed April 26, 2013)
  4. "Reinbold booted from caucus". Archived from the original on April 14, 2015. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  5. Republican representative-elect Nancy Dahlstrom (District 18) was appointed Commissioner of the Department of Corrections before the start of session. Gov. Mike Dunleavy appointed Republican Sharon Jackson to replace Dahlstrom, but without elected officers, the appointment could not be received.
  6. Sharon Jackson's appointment is confirmed and she is sworn in.
  7. Bryce Edgmon changed party registration from Democratic to Undeclared.
  8. Majority coalition elected.
  9. Republican Gabrielle LeDoux (District 15) leaves the majority coalition, but was not invited into the Republican caucus.
  10. Republican Tammie Wilson (District 3) leaves the majority coalition.
  11. Republican Josh Revak (District 25) is appointed to the State Senate.
  12. Republican Mel Gillis appointed to succeed Revak.
  13. Republican Tammie Wilson (District 3) resigns.
  14. Republican Mike Prax appointed to succeed Wilson.
  15. Republican Gary Knopp died in a plane collision.
  16. "Alaska House Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  17. Not a member of any caucus.

Coordinates: 58°18′08″N134°24′38″W / 58.302198°N 134.410467°W / 58.302198; -134.410467