Texas House of Representatives
|Texas State Legislature|
New session started
|January 8, 2019|
Speaker pro Tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article 3, Texas Constitution|
|Salary||$7,200/year + per diem|
| November 6, 2018 |
| November 3, 2020 |
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Texas State Capitol
|Texas House of Representatives|
The Texas House of Representatives (Spanish : Cámara de Representantes de Texas) is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968.
Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
The Legislature of the state of Texas is the state legislature of Texas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of a 31-member Senate and a 150-member House of Representatives. The state legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. It is a powerful arm of the Texas government not only because of its power of the purse to control and direct the activities of state government and the strong constitutional connections between it and the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, but also due to Texas's plural executive.
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.
The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.
|Speaker of the House||Dennis Bonnen||Republican||Angleton||25|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Joe Moody||Democratic||El Paso||78|
|Republican Caucus Chair||Dustin Burrows||Republican||Lubbock||83|
|Democratic Caucus Chair||Chris Turner||Democratic||Grand Prairie||101|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.
The Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the Texas House of Representatives. The Speaker's main duties are to conduct meetings of the House, appoint committees, and enforce the Rules of the House. The current speaker is Dennis Bonnen, a Republican from Angleton, who was elected Speaker on January 8, 2019.
Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.
A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.
In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.
In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body. Given the two-party nature of the U.S. system, the minority leader is almost inevitably either a Republican or a Democrat. The position could be considered similar to that of the Leader of the Opposition in Parliamentary systems. In bicameral legislatures, the counterpart to the minority leader in the lower house is the Speaker, and the majority leader is hence only the second-most senior member of the majority caucus. Contrastingly, in upper houses the titular Speaker is frequently a separately elected officer such as a lieutenant governor or vice president.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Latest voting share||55.3%||44.7%|
|District||Representative||Party||Residence||First elected||County(ies) represented|
|1||Gary VanDeaver||R||New Boston||2014||Bowie, Franklin, Lamar, Red River|
|2||Dan Flynn||R||Canton||2003||Hopkins, Hunt, Van Zandt|
|3||Cecil Bell Jr.||R||Magnolia||2012||Montgomery (part), Waller|
|4||Keith Bell||R||Forney||2018||Henderson, Kaufman|
|5||Cole Hefner||R||Mineola||2016||Camp, Morris, Rains, Smith, Titus, Wood|
|6||Matt Schaefer||R||Tyler||2012||Smith (part)|
|7||Jay Dean||R||Longview||2016||Gregg, Upshur|
|8||Cody Harris||R||Corsicana||2018||Anderson, Freestone, Hill, Navarro|
|9||Chris Paddie||R||Marshall||2012||Cass, Harrison, Marion, Panola, Sabine, Shelby|
|10||John Wray||R||Waxahachie||2014||Ellis, Henderson (part)|
|11||Travis Clardy||R||Jacksonville||2012||Cherokee, Nacogdoches, Rusk|
|12||Kyle Kacal||R||Hillister||2012||Brazos (part), Falls, Limestone, McLennan, Robertson|
|13||Ben Leman||R||Anderson||2018†||Austin, Burleson, Colorado, Fayette, Grimes, Lavaca, Washington|
|14||John Raney||R||Bryan||2010||Brazos (part)|
|15||Steve Toth||R||The Woodlands||2018||Montgomery|
|17||John Cyrier||R||Lockhart||2014||Bastrop, Caldwell, Gonzales, Karnes, Lee|
|18||Ernest Bailes||R||Dayton||2016||Liberty, San Jacinto, Walker|
|19||James White||R||Woodville||2010||Hardin, Jasper, Newton, Polk, Tyler|
|20||Terry Wilson||R||Georgetown||2016||Burnet, Milam, Williamson (part)|
|21||Dade Phelan||R||Beaumont||2014||Jefferson (part), Orange|
|22||Joe Deshotel||D||Port Arthur||1998||Jefferson (part)|
|23||Mayes Middleton||R||Galveston||2018||Chambers, Galveston (part)|
|25||Dennis Bonnen||R||Angleton||1996||Brazoria (part), Matagorda|
|26||Rick Miller||R||Sugar Land||2012||Fort Bend (part)|
|27||Ron Reynolds||D||Missouri City||2010|
|28||John M. Zerwas||R||Katy||2006|
|29||Ed Thompson||R||Pearland||2012||Brazoria (part)|
|30||Geanie Morrison||R||Victoria||1998||Aransas, Calhoun, DeWitt, Goliad, Refugio|
|31||Ryan Guillen||D||Rio Grande City||2002||Atascosa, Brooks, Duval, Jim Hogg, Kenedy, La Sallae, Live Oak, McMullen, Starr, Willacy|
|32||Todd Ames Hunter||R||Portland||2008|
|33||Justin Holland||R||Rockwall||2016||Collin (part), Rockwall|
|34||Abel Herrero||D||Corpus Christi||2012||Nueces (part)|
|35||Oscar Longoria||D||Beeville||2012||Cameron (part) Hidalgo (part)|
|36||Sergio Muñoz Jr.||D||Mission||2010||Hidalgo|
|37||Alex Dominguez||D||Brownsville||2018||Cameron (part)|
|38||Eddie Lucio III||D||San Benito||2006|
|39||Armando Martinez||D||Weslaco||2004||Hidalgo (part)|
|43||J. M. Lozano||R||Kingsville||2010||Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, San Patricio|
|44||John Kuempel||R||Seguin||2010†||Guadalupe, Wilson|
|45||Erin Zwiener||D||Driftwood||2018||Blanco, Hays counties|
|46||Sheryl Cole||D||Austin||2018||Travis (part)|
|52||James Talarico||D||Round Rock||2018†||Williamson (part)|
|53||Andrew Murr||R||Kimble County||2014||Bandera, Crockett, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton|
|54||Brad Buckley||R||Killeen||2018||Bell (part), Lampasas|
|55||Hugh Shine||R||Belton||2016||Bell (part)|
|56||Charles Anderson||R||Waco||2004||McLennan (part)|
|57||Trent Ashby||R||Lufkin||2012||Angelina, Houston, Leon, Madison, San Augustine, Trinity|
|58||DeWayne Burns||R||Cleburne||2014||Bosque, Johnson|
|59||J.D. Sheffield||R||Gatesville||2012||Comanche, Coryell, Erath, Hamilton, McCulloch, Mills, San Saba, and Somervell|
|60||Mike Lang||R||Eastland||2016||Brown, Callahan, Coleman, Eastland, Hood, Palo Pinto, Shackelford, Stephens|
|61||Phil King||R||Weatherford||1998||Parker, Wise|
|62||Reggie Smith||R||Van Alstyne||2018†||Delta, Grayson, Fannin|
|63||Tan Parker||R||Flower Mound||2006||Denton (part)|
|66||Matt Shaheen||R||Plano||2014||Collin (part)|
|68||Drew Springer Jr.||R||Vernon||2012|| Childress, Collingsworth, Cooke, Cottle, Crosby, Dickens, Fisher, Floyd, Garza, Hall, Hardeman, Haskell,|
Jack, Kent, King, Montague, Motley, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Young
|69||James Frank||R||Wichita Falls||2012||Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Knox, Wichita|
|70||Scott Sanford||R||McKinney||2012||Collin (part)|
|71||Stan Lambert||R||Abilene||2016||Jones, Nolan, Taylor|
|72||Drew Darby||R||San Angelo||2006||Coke, Concho, Howard, Irion, Reagan, Runnels, Sterling, Tom Green,|
|73||Kyle Biedermann||R||Fredericksburg||2016||Comal, Gillespie, Kendall|
|74||Poncho Nevárez||D||Eagle Pass||2012||Brewster, Culberson, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kinney, Loving, Maverick, Pecos, Presidio, Reeves, Terrell, Val Verde|
|75||Mary González||D||El Paso||2012||El Paso (part)|
|76||Cesar Blanco||D||El Paso||2014|
|77||Evelina Ortega||D||El Paso||2016|
|78||Joe Moody||D||El Paso||2012|
|79||Art Fierro||D||El Paso||2019†|
|Dimmit, Frio, Webb (part), Uvalde, Zapata, Zavala|
|81||Brooks Landgraf||R||Odessa||2014||Andrews, Ector, Ward, Winkler|
|82||Tom Craddick||R||Midland||1968||Crane, Dawson, Martin, Midland, Upton|
|83||Dustin Burrows||R||Lubbock||2014||Borden, Gaines, Lubbock (part), Lynn, Mitchell, Scurry, Terry|
|84||John Frullo||R||Lubbock||2010†||Lubbock (part)|
|85||Phil Stephenson||R||Wharton||2012||Fort Bend (part), Jackson, Wharton|
|86||John T. Smithee||R||Amarillo||1984||Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Oldham, Parmer, Randall|
|87||Four Price||R||Amarillo||2010||Carson, Hutchinson, Moore, Potter, Sherman|
|88||Ken King||R||Pampa||2012|| Armstrong, Bailey, Briscoe, Castro, Cochran, Donley, Gray, Hale, Hansford, Hemphill, Hockley,|
Lamb, Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Roberts, Swisher, Yoakum
|89||Candy Noble||R||Allen||2018||Collin (part)|
|90||Ramon Romero Jr.||D||Fort Worth||2014||Tarrant (part)|
|91||Stephanie Klick||R||Fort Worth||2012|
|95||Nicole Collier||D||Fort Worth||2012|
|97||Craig Goldman||R||Fort Worth||2012|
|99||Charlie Geren||R||River Oaks||2000|
|100||Eric Johnson||D||Dallas||2010||Dallas (part)|
|101||Chris Turner||D||Grand Prairie||2012||Tarrant (part)|
|102||Ana-Maria Ramos||D||Dallas||2018||Dallas (part)|
|106||Jared Patterson||R||Grand Prairie||2018||Denton (part)|
|107||Victoria Neave||D||Dallas||2016||Dallas (part)|
|109||Carl Sherman||D||De Soto||2018|
|112||Angie Chen Button||R||Richardson||2008|
|116||Trey Fischer||D||San Antonio||2018||Bexar (part)|
|117||Philip Cortez||D||San Antonio||2016|
|118||Leo Pacheco||D||San Antonio||2016|
|119||Roland Gutierrez||D||San Antonio||2008†|
|120||Barbara Gervin-Hawkins||D||San Antonio||2016|
|121||Steve Allison||R||San Antonio||2018|
|122||Lyle Larson||R||San Antonio||2010|
|123||Diego Bernal||D||San Antonio||2014†|
|124||Ina Minjarez||D||San Antonio||2015†|
|125||Ray Lopez||D||San Antonio||2019†|
|126||Sam Harless||R||Spring||2018||Harris (part)|
|136||John Bucy||D||Williamson County||2018||Williamson (part)|
|137||Gene Wu||D||Houston||2012||Harris (part)|
|142||Harold Dutton Jr.||D||Houston||1984|
|144||Mary Ann Perez||D||Houston||2016|
|148||Jessica Christina Farrar||D||Houston||1994|
Ray Anderson Barnhart was a businessman and Republican politician, formerly from Pasadena in Harris County, Texas.
Anita Lee Blair was an American politician and activist from Texas. She was the first blind woman elected to any state legislature in the United States.
Jack Bascom Brooks was a Democratic lawmaker from Beaumont, Texas, who served in the United States House of Representatives for forty-two years. Defeated in 1994, Brooks was the most senior representative ever to have lost a general election for the U.S. House.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies.
The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs.The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email.
In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:
On May 14, 2007, CBS Austin affiliate KEYE reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions.The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.
Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion.The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.
The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill.While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011, Cook said that the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control of the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence."
In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.
On June 20, 2013 Byron Cook served as chairman of the House State Affairs Committee hearing on Texas State House Bill 60. Cook's stance was for the passing of the bill and during the hearing he interrupted a testimony, saying "Some of us do (adopt children)." At 12:00 AM on June 21, Cook decided to close the hearing prematurely.Cook's explanation for breaching Texas State Legislature operating procedures was that the testimonies being heard had become repetitive. Twenty-four minutes later, Cook became personally offended by a testimony, ordering the cameras to be shut off and leaving the room of committee members and witnesses. Approximately 20 minutes afterwards, Cook was persuaded by colleagues to resume the hearing and continued listening to testimonies until he prematurely closed the hearing at 1:30 AM.
The Texas Senate is the upper house of the Texas State Legislature. There are 31 members of the Senate, representing single-member districts across the U.S. state of Texas, with populations of approximately 806,000 per constituency, based on the 2010 U.S. Census. There are no term limits, and each term is four years long. Elections are held in even-numbered years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. In elections in years ending in 2, all seats are up for election. Half of the senators will serve a two-year term, based on a drawing; the other half will fill regular four-year terms. In the case of the latter, they or their successors will be up for two-year terms in the next year that ends in 0. As such, in other elections, about half of the Texas Senate is on the ballot. The Senate meets at the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The Republicans currently control the chamber, which is made up of 19 Republicans and 12 Democrats.
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida Senate being the upper house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The House is composed of 120 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 157,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Senators' terms begin immediately, upon their election. As of 2019, Republicans hold the majority in the State House with 71 seats; Democrats are in the minority with 46 seats. Three seats are vacant due to resignations.
The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers, and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.
The Ohio House of Representatives is the lower house of the Ohio General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio; the other house of the bicameral legislature being the Ohio Senate.
The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower house in the United States.
Thomas Russell Craddick, Sr., known as Tom Craddick, is member of the Texas House of Representatives representing the 82nd district. Craddick was Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives from January 2003 to January 2009. He was the first Republican to have served as Speaker since Reconstruction. Craddick resides in Midland, the largest city in his district. Craddick was first elected in 1968 at the age of twenty-five. By 2012, he was already the longest-serving member of the Texas state legislature and the second-longest-serving representative in the history of the state.
The Kentucky General Assembly, also called the Kentucky Legislature, is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Kentucky. It comprises the Kentucky Senate and the Kentucky House of Representatives.
The Alabama Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of Alabama. It is a bicameral body composed of the House of Representatives and Senate. It is one of the few state legislatures in which members of both chambers serve four-year terms and in which all are elected in the same cycle. The most recent election was on November 6, 2018. The new legislature assumes office immediately following the certification of the election results by the Alabama Secretary of State which occurs within a few days following the election.
The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the state legislative branch of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The Oklahoma House of Representatives and Oklahoma Senate are the two houses that make up the bicameral state legislature. There are 101 state representatives, each serving a two-year term, and 48 state senators, who serve four-year terms that are staggered so only half of the Oklahoma Senate districts are eligible in each election year. Legislators are elected directly by the people from single member districts of equal population. The Oklahoma Legislature meets annually in the Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City.
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Warren Darrel Chisum is a conservative Republican former member of the Texas House of Representatives from the Panhandle city of Pampa, a community of some 20,000 people and the seat of Gray County, Texas. His service began in January 1989. A key lieutenant of former Speaker Thomas Russell "Tom" Craddick, Sr., of Midland, Chisum chaired the budget-writing House Appropriations Committee from 2007 to 2009.
James R. Pitts, known as Jim Pitts, is an American state politician and lawyer who served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1993 to 2015. He was the chairman of the powerful House Appropriations Committee for four legislative sessions. He is a Republican from Waxahachie in Ellis County, south of his native Dallas, Texas.
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John Rice Carter is the U.S. Representative serving Texas's 31st congressional district since 2003. He is a Republican. The district includes the northern suburbs of Austin, as well as Fort Hood.
Joseph Richard Straus III is an American politician who served as the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives from 2009 to 2019. He is a Republican and represented District 121, which comprises northeastern Bexar County, including part of San Antonio, Texas, and several surrounding communities from his first election to the House in 2005 until his retirement in 2019. Straus was first elected Speaker on January 13, 2009. In October 2017, Straus announced that he would not seek re-election in 2018.
Leo Berman was an American businessman, military officer, and politician from Tyler, Texas, who was a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 6 in Smith County from 1999 to 2013. He was first elected in the general election held in November 1998. In January 2011, Berman announced a challenge to Speaker Joe Straus of San Antonio for the presiding officer's position but subsequently withdrew from the race. Though Representative Warren Chisum of Pampa filed his candidacy for Speaker, Straus was handily reelected to a second term in the leadership in January 2011.
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