Texas House of Representatives

Last updated

Texas House of Representatives
Texas State Legislature
Seal of Texas House of Representatives.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 8, 2019
Leadership
Dennis Bonnen (R)
since January 8, 2019
Speaker pro Tempore
Joe Moody (D)
since January 23, 2019
Structure
Seats150
Texas State House 2019-2021.svg
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 3, Texas Constitution
Salary$7,200/year + per diem
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
November 6, 2018
(150 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(150 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
Texas House Chamber.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Texas State Capitol
Austin, Texas
Website
Texas House of Representatives

The Texas House of Representatives (Spanish : Cámara de Representantes de Texas) is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

Texas Legislature

The Legislature of the state of Texas is the state legislature of Texas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of a 31-member Senate and a 150-member House of Representatives. The state legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. It is a powerful arm of the Texas government not only because of its power of the purse to control and direct the activities of state government and the strong constitutional connections between it and the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, but also due to Texas's plural executive.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.

Leadership

PositionNamePartyResidenceDistrict
Speaker of the House Dennis Bonnen Republican Angleton 25
Speaker Pro Tempore Joe Moody Democratic El Paso 78
Republican Caucus Chair Dustin Burrows Republican Lubbock 83
Democratic Caucus Chair Chris Turner Democratic Grand Prairie 101

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.

Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives presiding officer of the Texas House of Representatives

The Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the Texas House of Representatives. The Speaker's main duties are to conduct meetings of the House, appoint committees, and enforce the Rules of the House. The current speaker is Dennis Bonnen, a Republican from Angleton, who was elected Speaker on January 8, 2019.

Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.

State legislature (United States) legislature of a U.S. state

A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.

In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.

In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body. Given the two-party nature of the U.S. system, the minority leader is almost inevitably either a Republican or a Democrat. The position could be considered similar to that of the Leader of the Opposition in Parliamentary systems. In bicameral legislatures, the counterpart to the minority leader in the lower house is the Speaker, and the majority leader is hence only the second-most senior member of the majority caucus. Contrastingly, in upper houses the titular Speaker is frequently a separately elected officer such as a lieutenant governor or vice president.

Composition

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democrat Ind Vacant
End 2010757301482
Begin 20111014901500
End 2012481491
Begin 2013955501500
End 2014
Begin 2015985201500
End 201699501
Begin 2017955501500
End 2018945601500
Begin 2019836701500
Latest voting share55.3%44.7%
House Districts and Party Affiliation as of 2019 Republican Party Democratic Party TxHouse2018Comp.svg
House Districts and Party Affiliation as of 2019      Republican Party     Democratic Party

List of members

DistrictRepresentativePartyResidenceFirst electedCounty(ies) represented
1 Gary VanDeaver R New Boston 2014 Bowie, Franklin, Lamar, Red River
2 Dan Flynn R Canton 2003 Hopkins, Hunt, Van Zandt
3 Cecil Bell Jr. R Magnolia 2012 Montgomery (part), Waller
4 Keith Bell R Forney 2018 Henderson, Kaufman
5 Cole Hefner R Mineola 2016 Camp, Morris, Rains, Smith, Titus, Wood
6 Matt Schaefer R Tyler 2012 Smith (part)
7 Jay Dean R Longview 2016 Gregg, Upshur
8 Cody Harris R Corsicana 2018 Anderson, Freestone, Hill, Navarro
9 Chris Paddie R Marshall 2012 Cass, Harrison, Marion, Panola, Sabine, Shelby
10 John Wray R Waxahachie 2014 Ellis, Henderson (part)
11 Travis Clardy R Jacksonville 2012 Cherokee, Nacogdoches, Rusk
12 Kyle Kacal R Hillister 2012 Brazos (part), Falls, Limestone, McLennan, Robertson
13 Ben Leman R Anderson 2018† Austin, Burleson, Colorado, Fayette, Grimes, Lavaca, Washington
14 John Raney R Bryan 2010 Brazos (part)
15 Steve Toth R The Woodlands 2018 Montgomery
16 Will Metcalf R Conroe 2014
17 John Cyrier R Lockhart 2014 Bastrop, Caldwell, Gonzales, Karnes, Lee
18 Ernest Bailes R Dayton 2016 Liberty, San Jacinto, Walker
19 James White R Woodville 2010 Hardin, Jasper, Newton, Polk, Tyler
20 Terry Wilson R Georgetown 2016 Burnet, Milam, Williamson (part)
21 Dade Phelan R Beaumont 2014 Jefferson (part), Orange
22 Joe Deshotel D Port Arthur 1998 Jefferson (part)
23 Mayes Middleton R Galveston 2018 Chambers, Galveston (part)
24 Greg Bonnen R Friendswood 2012 Galveston(part)
25 Dennis Bonnen R Angleton 1996 Brazoria (part), Matagorda
26 Rick Miller R Sugar Land 2012 Fort Bend (part)
27 Ron Reynolds D Missouri City 2010
28 John M. Zerwas R Katy 2006
29 Ed Thompson R Pearland 2012 Brazoria (part)
30 Geanie Morrison R Victoria 1998 Aransas, Calhoun, DeWitt, Goliad, Refugio
31 Ryan Guillen D Rio Grande City 2002 Atascosa, Brooks, Duval, Jim Hogg, Kenedy, La Sallae, Live Oak, McMullen, Starr, Willacy
32 Todd Ames Hunter R Portland 2008
(1989-1997)
Nueces (part)
33 Justin Holland R Rockwall 2016 Collin (part), Rockwall
34 Abel Herrero D Corpus Christi 2012 Nueces (part)
35 Oscar Longoria D Beeville 2012 Cameron (part) Hidalgo (part)
36 Sergio Muñoz Jr. D Mission 2010 Hidalgo
37 Alex Dominguez D Brownsville 2018 Cameron (part)
38 Eddie Lucio III D San Benito 2006
39 Armando Martinez D Weslaco 2004 Hidalgo (part)
40 Terry Canales D Edinburg 2012
41 Robert Guerra D McAllen 2012†
42 Richard Raymond D Laredo 2001†
(1993-1999)
Webb (part)
43 J. M. Lozano R [1] Kingsville 2010 Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, San Patricio
44 John Kuempel R Seguin 2010† Guadalupe, Wilson
45 Erin Zwiener D Driftwood 2018 Blanco, Hays counties
46 Sheryl Cole D Austin 2018 Travis (part)
47 Vikki Goodwin D Austin 2018
48 Donna Howard D Austin 2006†
49 Gina Hinojosa D Austin 2016
50 Celia Israel D Austin 2014†
51 Eddie Rodriguez D Austin 2002
52 James Talarico D Round Rock 2018† Williamson (part)
53 Andrew Murr R Kimble County 2014 Bandera, Crockett, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton
54 Brad Buckley R Killeen 2018 Bell (part), Lampasas
55 Hugh Shine R Belton 2016 Bell (part)
56 Charles Anderson R Waco 2004 McLennan (part)
57 Trent Ashby R Lufkin 2012 Angelina, Houston, Leon, Madison, San Augustine, Trinity
58 DeWayne Burns R Cleburne 2014 Bosque, Johnson
59 J.D. Sheffield R Gatesville 2012 Comanche, Coryell, Erath, Hamilton, McCulloch, Mills, San Saba, and Somervell
60 Mike Lang R Eastland 2016 Brown, Callahan, Coleman, Eastland, Hood, Palo Pinto, Shackelford, Stephens
61 Phil King R Weatherford 1998 Parker, Wise
62 Reggie Smith R Van Alstyne 2018† Delta, Grayson, Fannin
63 Tan Parker R Flower Mound 2006 Denton (part)
64 Lynn Stucky R Sanger 2016
65 Michelle Beckley D Carrollton 2018
66 Matt Shaheen R Plano 2014 Collin (part)
67 Jeff Leach R Plano 2012
68 Drew Springer Jr. R Vernon 2012 Childress, Collingsworth, Cooke, Cottle, Crosby, Dickens, Fisher, Floyd, Garza, Hall, Hardeman, Haskell,
Jack, Kent, King, Montague, Motley, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Young
69 James Frank R Wichita Falls 2012 Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Knox, Wichita
70 Scott Sanford R McKinney 2012 Collin (part)
71 Stan Lambert R Abilene 2016 Jones, Nolan, Taylor
72 Drew Darby R San Angelo 2006 Coke, Concho, Howard, Irion, Reagan, Runnels, Sterling, Tom Green,
73 Kyle Biedermann R Fredericksburg 2016 Comal, Gillespie, Kendall
74 Poncho Nevárez D Eagle Pass 2012 Brewster, Culberson, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kinney, Loving, Maverick, Pecos, Presidio, Reeves, Terrell, Val Verde
75 Mary González D El Paso 2012 El Paso (part)
76 Cesar Blanco D El Paso 2014
77 Evelina Ortega D El Paso 2016
78 Joe Moody D El Paso 2012
79 Art Fierro D El Paso 2019†
80 Tracy King D Batesville 2005
(1995-2003)
Dimmit, Frio, Webb (part), Uvalde, Zapata, Zavala
81 Brooks Landgraf R Odessa 2014 Andrews, Ector, Ward, Winkler
82 Tom Craddick R Midland 1968 Crane, Dawson, Martin, Midland, Upton
83 Dustin Burrows R Lubbock 2014 Borden, Gaines, Lubbock (part), Lynn, Mitchell, Scurry, Terry
84 John Frullo R Lubbock 2010† Lubbock (part)
85 Phil Stephenson R Wharton 2012 Fort Bend (part), Jackson, Wharton
86 John T. Smithee R Amarillo 1984 Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Oldham, Parmer, Randall
87 Four Price R Amarillo 2010 Carson, Hutchinson, Moore, Potter, Sherman
88 Ken King R Pampa 2012 Armstrong, Bailey, Briscoe, Castro, Cochran, Donley, Gray, Hale, Hansford, Hemphill, Hockley,
Lamb, Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Roberts, Swisher, Yoakum
89 Candy Noble R Allen 2018 Collin (part)
90 Ramon Romero Jr. D Fort Worth 2014 Tarrant (part)
91 Stephanie Klick R Fort Worth 2012
92 Jonathan Stickland R Bedford 2012
93 Matt Krause R Arlington 2012
94 Tony Tinderholt R Arlington 2014
95 Nicole Collier D Fort Worth 2012
96 Bill Zedler R Arlington 2002
97 Craig Goldman R Fort Worth 2012
98 Giovanni Capriglione R Southlake 2012
99 Charlie Geren R River Oaks 2000
100 Eric Johnson D Dallas 2010 Dallas (part)
101 Chris Turner D Grand Prairie 2012 Tarrant (part)
102 Ana-Maria Ramos D Dallas 2018 [2] Dallas (part)
103 Rafael Anchia D Dallas 2004
104 Jessica González D Dallas 2018
105 Terry Meza D Irving 2018
106 Jared Patterson R Grand Prairie 2018 Denton (part)
107 Victoria Neave D Dallas 2016 Dallas (part)
108 Morgan Meyer R Dallas 2014
109 Carl Sherman D De Soto 2018
110 Toni Rose D Dallas 2012
111 Yvonne Davis D Dallas 1992
112 Angie Chen Button R Richardson 2008
113 Rhetta Bowers D Garland 2018
114 John Turner D Dallas 2018
115 Julie Johnson D Irving 2018
116 Trey Fischer D San Antonio 2018 Bexar (part)
117 Philip Cortez DSan Antonio2016
118 Leo Pacheco DSan Antonio2016
119 Roland Gutierrez DSan Antonio2008†
120 Barbara Gervin-Hawkins DSan Antonio2016
121 Steve Allison RSan Antonio2018
122 Lyle Larson RSan Antonio2010
123 Diego Bernal DSan Antonio2014†
124 Ina Minjarez [3] DSan Antonio2015†
125 Ray Lopez DSan Antonio2019†
126 Sam Harless R Spring 2018 Harris (part)
127 Dan Huberty R Kingwood 2010
128 Briscoe Cain R Baytown 2016
129 Dennis Paul R Houston 2014
130 Tom Oliverson RHouston2016
131 Alma Allen DHouston2004
132 Gina Calanni DHouston2018
133 Jim Murphy RHouston2010
134 Sarah Davis RHouston2010
135 Jon Rosenthal DHouston2018
136 John Bucy D Williamson County 2018 Williamson (part)
137 Gene Wu DHouston2012 Harris (part)
138 Dwayne Bohac RHouston2002
139 Jarvis Johnson DHouston2016†
140 Armando Walle DHouston2008
141 Senfronia Thompson DHouston1972
142 Harold Dutton Jr. DHouston1984
143 Ana Hernandez DHouston2005†
144 Mary Ann Perez DHouston2016
145 Christina Morales DHouston2019†
146 Shawn Thierry DHouston2016
147 Garnet Coleman DHouston1991†
148 Jessica Christina Farrar DHouston1994
149 Hubert Vo DHouston2004
150 Valoree Swanson RHouston2016
†Representative was first elected in a special election.

Notable past members

Ray Barnhart American politician and businessman

Ray Anderson Barnhart was a businessman and Republican politician, formerly from Pasadena in Harris County, Texas.

Anita Lee Blair was an American politician and activist from Texas. She was the first blind woman elected to any state legislature in the United States.

Jack Brooks (American politician) American politician

Jack Bascom Brooks was a Democratic lawmaker from Beaumont, Texas, who served in the United States House of Representatives for forty-two years. Defeated in 1994, Brooks was the most senior representative ever to have lost a general election for the U.S. House.

Officials

Speaker of the House

The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies. [5]

Chief Clerk

The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs. [6] The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email. [5]

Committees

In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:

Notable controversies

House voting controversy

On May 14, 2007, CBS Austin affiliate KEYE reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions. [8] The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.

Craddick removal controversy

Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion. [9] The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.

The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill. [9] While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011, [9] Cook said that the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control of the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence." [9]

In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.

Cook committee hearing closure controversy (2013)

On June 20, 2013 Byron Cook served as chairman of the House State Affairs Committee hearing on Texas State House Bill 60. Cook's stance was for the passing of the bill and during the hearing he interrupted a testimony, saying "Some of us do (adopt children)." At 12:00 AM on June 21, Cook decided to close the hearing prematurely. [10] Cook's explanation for breaching Texas State Legislature operating procedures was that the testimonies being heard had become repetitive. Twenty-four minutes later, Cook became personally offended by a testimony, ordering the cameras to be shut off and leaving the room of committee members and witnesses. Approximately 20 minutes afterwards, Cook was persuaded by colleagues to resume the hearing and continued listening to testimonies until he prematurely closed the hearing at 1:30 AM. [11]

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

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References

  1. Elected as a Democrat in 2010, Lozano switched parties in March 2012.
  2. https://ballotpedia.org/Ana-Maria_Ramos
  3. Gonzalez, John W. (April 21, 2015). "Minjarez captures Texas House District 124 - San Antonio Express-News". Mysanantonio.com. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  4. Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-2012. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013. p. 422. ISBN   016092068X.
  5. 1 2 "Texas House Rules" (PDF). Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  6. "Service Providers". Guide to Texas Legislative Information. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  7. The biennial appropriations bill is divided into eight Articles: General Government (I), Health and Human Services (II), Agencies of Education (III), The Judiciary (IV), Public Safety and Criminal Justice (V), Natural Resources (VI), Business and Economic Development (VII), and Regulatory (VIII). See http://gov.texas.gov/budget for an example of a budget showing the Articles.
  8. CBS Channel 42 KeyeTV Investigates: One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask"; see also Wilson, Nanci, One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "www.keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html"
  9. 1 2 3 4 R.G. Ratcliffe and Gary Scharrer. "The House struggles to move forward". Houston Chronicle, chron.com (May 27, 2007). Retrieved May 27, 2007.
  10. "Anti-Abortion Bills Back on the Table". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  11. "House panel quickly OKs 3 abortion bills". www.statesman.com. Retrieved February 25, 2016.