Texas House of Representatives
|Eighty-seventh Texas Legislature|
New session started
|January 12, 2021|
Speaker pro Tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article 3, Texas Constitution|
|Salary||$7,200/year + per diem|
| November 3, 2020 |
|November 8, 2022|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Texas State Capitol
|Texas House of Representatives|
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits. The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.
|Speaker of the House||Dade Phelan||Republican||Beaumont||21|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Joe Moody||Democratic||El Paso||78|
|Republican Caucus Chair||Stephanie Klick||Republican||Fort Worth||91|
|Democratic Caucus Chair||Chris Turner||Democratic||Grand Prairie||101|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.
Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Latest voting share||55.3%||44.7%|
|District||Representative||Party||Residence||First elected||County(ies) represented|
|1||Gary VanDeaver||R||New Boston||2014||Bowie, Franklin, Lamar, Red River|
|2||Bryan Slaton||R||Royse City, Texas||2020||Hopkins, Hunt, Van Zandt|
|3||Cecil Bell Jr.||R||Magnolia||2012||Montgomery (part), Waller|
|4||Keith Bell||R||Forney||2018||Henderson (part), Kaufman|
|5||Cole Hefner||R||Mount Pleasant||2016||Camp, Morris, Rains, Smith (part), Titus, Wood|
|6||Matt Schaefer||R||Tyler||2012||Smith (part)|
|7||Jay Dean||R||Longview||2016||Gregg, Upshur|
|8||Cody Harris||R||Corsicana||2018||Anderson, Freestone, Hill, Navarro|
|9||Chris Paddie||R||Marshall||2012||Cass, Harrison, Marion, Panola, Sabine, Shelby|
|10||John Wray||R||Waxahachie||2014||Ellis, Henderson (part)|
|11||Travis Clardy||R||Nacogdoches||2012||Cherokee, Nacogdoches, Rusk|
|12||Kyle Kacal||R||Hillister||2012||Brazos (part), Falls, Limestone, McLennan (part), Robertson|
|13||Ben Leman||R||Anderson||2018†||Austin, Burleson, Colorado, Fayette, Grimes, Lavaca, Washington|
|14||John N. Raney||R||Bryan||2010||Brazos (part)|
|15||Steve Toth||R||The Woodlands||2018||Montgomery (part)|
|17||John Cyrier||R||Lockhart||2014||Bastrop, Caldwell, Gonzales, Karnes, Lee|
|18||Ernest Bailes||R||Dayton||2016||Liberty, San Jacinto, Walker|
|19||James White||R||Woodville||2010||Hardin, Jasper, Newton, Polk, Tyler|
|20||Terry Wilson||R||Georgetown||2016||Burnet, Milam, Williamson (part)|
|21||Dade Phelan||R||Beaumont||2014||Jefferson (part), Orange|
|22||Joe Deshotel||D||Port Arthur||1998||Jefferson (part)|
|23||Mayes Middleton||R||Galveston||2018||Chambers, Galveston (part)|
|25||Dennis Bonnen||R||Angleton||1996||Brazoria (part), Matagorda|
|26||Rick Miller||R||Sugar Land||2012||Fort Bend (part)|
|27||Ron Reynolds||D||Missouri City||2010|
|29||Ed Thompson||R||Pearland||2012||Brazoria (part)|
|30||Geanie Morrison||R||Victoria||1998||Aransas, Calhoun, DeWitt, Goliad, Refugio, Victoria|
|31||Ryan Guillen||D||Rio Grande City||2002||Atascosa, Brooks, Duval, Jim Hogg, Kenedy, La Salle, Live Oak, McMullen, Starr, Willacy|
|32||Todd Ames Hunter||R||Portland||2008|
|33||Justin Holland||R||Rockwall||2016||Collin (part), Rockwall|
|34||Abel Herrero||D||Corpus Christi||2012||Nueces (part)|
|35||Oscar Longoria||D||Beeville||2012||Cameron (part) Hidalgo (part)|
|36||Sergio Muñoz||D||Mission||2010||Hidalgo (part)|
|37||Alex Dominguez||D||Brownsville||2018||Cameron (part)|
|38||Eddie Lucio III||D||San Benito||2006|
|39||Armando Martinez||D||Weslaco||2004||Hidalgo (part)|
|43||J. M. Lozano||R||Kingsville||2010||Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, San Patricio|
|44||John Kuempel||R||Seguin||2010†||Guadalupe, Wilson|
|45||Erin Zwiener||D||Driftwood||2018||Blanco, Hays counties|
|46||Sheryl Cole||D||Austin||2018||Travis (part)|
|52||James Talarico||D||Round Rock||2018†||Williamson (part)|
|53||Andrew Murr||R||Kimble County||2014||Bandera, Crockett, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton|
|54||Brad Buckley||R||Killeen||2018||Bell (part), Lampasas|
|55||Hugh Shine||R||Belton||2016||Bell (part)|
|56||Charles Anderson||R||Waco||2004||McLennan (part)|
|57||Trent Ashby||R||Lufkin||2012||Angelina, Houston, Leon, Madison, San Augustine, Trinity|
|58||DeWayne Burns||R||Cleburne||2014||Bosque, Johnson|
|59||J. D. Sheffield||R||Gatesville||2012||Comanche, Coryell, Erath, Hamilton, McCulloch, Mills, San Saba, and Somervell|
|60||Mike Lang||R||Eastland||2016||Brown, Callahan, Coleman, Eastland, Hood, Palo Pinto, Shackelford, Stephens|
|61||Phil King||R||Weatherford||1998||Parker, Wise|
|62||Reggie Smith||R||Van Alstyne||2018†||Delta, Grayson, Fannin|
|63||Tan Parker||R||Flower Mound||2006||Denton (part)|
|66||Matt Shaheen||R||Plano||2014||Collin (part)|
|68||Vacant|| Childress, Collingsworth, Cooke, Cottle, Crosby, Dickens, Fisher, Floyd, Garza, Hall, Hardeman, Haskell,|
Jack, Kent, King, Montague, Motley, Stonewall, Throckmorton, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Young
|69||James Frank||R||Wichita Falls||2012||Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Knox, Wichita|
|70||Scott Sanford||R||McKinney||2012||Collin (part)|
|71||Stan Lambert||R||Abilene||2016||Jones, Nolan, Taylor|
|72||Drew Darby||R||San Angelo||2006||Coke, Concho, Glasscock, Howard, Irion, Reagan, Runnels, Sterling, Tom Green|
|73||Kyle Biedermann||R||Fredericksburg||2016||Comal, Gillespie, Kendall|
|74||Poncho Nevárez||D||Eagle Pass||2012||Brewster, Culberson, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kinney, Loving, Maverick, Pecos, Presidio, Reeves, Terrell, Val Verde|
|75||Mary González||D||El Paso||2012||El Paso (part)|
|76||Cesar Blanco||D||El Paso||2014|
|77||Evelina Ortega||D||El Paso||2016|
|78||Joe Moody||D||El Paso||2012|
|79||Art Fierro||D||El Paso||2019†|
|Dimmit, Frio, Webb (part), Uvalde, Zapata, Zavala|
|81||Brooks Landgraf||R||Odessa||2014||Andrews, Ector, Ward, Winkler|
|82||Tom Craddick||R||Midland||1968||Crane, Dawson, Martin, Midland, Upton|
|83||Dustin Burrows||R||Lubbock||2014||Borden, Gaines, Lubbock (part), Lynn, Mitchell, Scurry, Terry|
|84||John Frullo||R||Lubbock||2010†||Lubbock (part)|
|85||Phil Stephenson||R||Wharton||2012||Fort Bend (part), Jackson, Wharton|
|86||John T. Smithee||R||Amarillo||1984||Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Oldham, Parmer, Randall|
|87||Four Price||R||Amarillo||2010||Carson, Hutchinson, Moore, Potter, Sherman|
|88||Ken King||R||Pampa||2012|| Armstrong, Bailey, Briscoe, Castro, Cochran, Donley, Gray, Hale, Hansford, Hemphill, Hockley,|
Lamb, Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Roberts, Swisher, Yoakum
|89||Candy Noble||R||Allen||2018||Collin (part)|
|90||Ramon Romero Jr.||D||Fort Worth||2014||Tarrant (part)|
|91||Stephanie Klick||R||Fort Worth||2012|
|95||Nicole Collier||D||Fort Worth||2012|
|97||Craig Goldman||R||Fort Worth||2012|
|99||Charlie Geren||R||River Oaks||2000|
|100||Lorraine Birabil||D||Dallas||2020†||Dallas (part)|
|101||Chris Turner||D||Grand Prairie||2012||Tarrant (part)|
|102||Ana-Maria Ramos||D||Dallas||2018||Dallas (part)|
|106||Jared Patterson||R||Grand Prairie||2018||Denton (part)|
|107||Victoria Neave||D||Dallas||2016||Dallas (part)|
|109||Carl Sherman||D||De Soto||2018|
|112||Angie Chen Button||R||Richardson||2008|
|116||Trey Martinez Fischer||D||San Antonio||2018||Bexar (part)|
|117||Philip Cortez||D||San Antonio||2016|
|118||Leo Pacheco||D||San Antonio||2018|
|119||Roland Gutierrez||D||San Antonio||2008†|
|120||Barbara Gervin-Hawkins||D||San Antonio||2016|
|121||Steve Allison||R||San Antonio||2018|
|122||Lyle Larson||R||San Antonio||2010|
|123||Diego Bernal||D||San Antonio||2014†|
|124||Ina Minjarez||D||San Antonio||2015†|
|125||Ray Lopez||D||San Antonio||2019†|
|126||Sam Harless||R||Spring||2018||Harris (part)|
|136||John Bucy III||D||Austin||2018||Williamson (part)|
|137||Gene Wu||D||Houston||2012||Harris (part)|
|142||Harold Dutton Jr.||D||Houston||1984|
|144||Mary Ann Perez||D||Houston||2016|
The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies.
The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs.The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email.
In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:
On May 14, 2007, CBS Austin affiliate KEYE reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions.The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.
Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion.The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.
The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill.While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011, Cook said that the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control of the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence."
In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.
On June 20, 2013 Byron Cook served as chairman of the House State Affairs Committee hearing on Texas State House Bill 60. Cook's stance was for the passing of the bill and during the hearing he interrupted a testimony, saying "Some of us do (adopt children)." At 12:00 AM on June 21, Cook decided to close the hearing prematurely.Cook's explanation for breaching Texas State Legislature operating procedures was that the testimonies being heard had become repetitive. Twenty-four minutes later, Cook became personally offended by a testimony, ordering the cameras to be shut off and leaving the room of committee members and witnesses. Approximately 20 minutes afterwards, Cook was persuaded by colleagues to resume the hearing and continued listening to testimonies until he prematurely closed the hearing at 1:30 AM.
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