Stephenville, Texas

Last updated

Stephenville, Texas
City
Stephenville Texas City Hall 2017.jpg
Stephenville City Hall
Nickname(s): 
The "Ville"
TXMap-doton-Stephenville.PNG
Location of Stephenville, Texas
Erath County Stephenville.svg
Coordinates: 32°13′13″N98°12′49″W / 32.22028°N 98.21361°W / 32.22028; -98.21361 Coordinates: 32°13′13″N98°12′49″W / 32.22028°N 98.21361°W / 32.22028; -98.21361
CountryUnited States
State Texas
County Erath
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   City Council Mayor Doug Svien
Mark McClinton
Carla Trussell
Brady Pendleton
Rhett Harrison
Alan Nix
Sherry Zachery
Brandon Huckabee
   City Manager Allen L. Barnes
Area
[1]
  Total11.91 sq mi (30.85 km2)
  Land11.89 sq mi (30.79 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
1,273 ft (388 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total17,123
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
21,247
  Density1,787.41/sq mi (690.14/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
76401-76402
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-70208 [3]
GNIS feature ID1347894 [4]
Website Stephenville, Texas

Stephenville is a city in and the county seat of Erath County, Texas, United States. [5] As of the 2019 U.S. Census estimate, the city population was 21,247 and is the principal city in the Stephenville Micropolitan Statistical Area 42,698. Founded in 1854, it is home to Tarleton State University. Stephenville is among several communities that call themselves the "Cowboy Capital of the World".

Contents

History

Presbyterian Church at the Stephenville Historical Museum Stephenville Historical House Museum August 2017 2 (Chapel on the Bosque).jpg
Presbyterian Church at the Stephenville Historical Museum
Historical House Museum in Stephenville is an 1869 Victorian home with period furnishings and relics of area history, and a carriage house and a reconstructed log cabin. Stephenville Historical House Museum August 2017 1 (Berry House).jpg
Historical House Museum in Stephenville is an 1869 Victorian home with period furnishings and relics of area history, and a carriage house and a reconstructed log cabin.

Stephenville is named after John M. Stephen, who settled there in 1854, and donated the land for the townsite laid out by George B. Erath when the county was organized in 1856. In the first two years of its settlement, the townsite was successful; by 1858, the population reached 776. However, the townsite was located in Comanche territory and raids were common. Also, the hardships of the American Civil War forced citizens to leave. The population declined until 1871, when it grew after Stephenville became an agriculture and livestock center. Coal mining also became important to the area in 1886, and was a major segment of the economy for the following three decades.

Stephenville was incorporated in 1889, with the arrival of the Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway. In the 1890s, many of the buildings around the town square were built, Tarleton State University opened, and the community's two newspapers merged to become the Empire-Tribune, which is still in existence. In February 1907, the Stephenville North and South Texas Railway was chartered by Stephenville and Hamilton business interests which later sold the line in 1910 to the historic St. Louis Southwestern Railway of Texas system. In the 20th century, industry became an important part of Stephenville, and the population has steadily increased since the 1920s.

Geography

Stephenville is located at 32°13′13″N98°12′49″W / 32.22028°N 98.21361°W / 32.22028; -98.21361 (32.220168, −98.213630). [6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.89 square miles (30.8 km2), of which 11.89 square miles (30.8 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is covered by water.

Stephenville is served by three major US highways - US Highway 377, US Highway 281, and US Highway 67 (which joins into US Hwy 377).

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Stephenville has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 120
1880 725
1890 90925.4%
1900 1,902109.2%
1910 2,56134.6%
1920 3,89151.9%
1930 3,9441.4%
1940 4,76820.9%
1950 7,15550.1%
1960 7,3592.9%
1970 9,27726.1%
1980 11,88128.1%
1990 13,50213.6%
2000 14,92110.5%
2010 17,12314.8%
Est. 201921,247 [2] 24.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [3] of 2010, 17,123 people, 6,276 households, and 3,351 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,440.4 people per square mile (556.1/km2). The 7,579 housing units averaged 637.4 per square mile (246.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.2% White, 2.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.7% of the population.

Of the 6,276 households, 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were not families. About 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was distributed as 27.8% under the age of 19, 21.4% from 20 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.3 years. There were 8,130 males and 8,933 females.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,175, and the median income for a family was $52,320. Males had a median income of $36,139 versus $30,007 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,596. About 13.6% of families and 26.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public library

Public schools

Postsecondary education

Notable people

UFO sightings

On January 8, 2008, Stephenville gained national media attention when dozens of residents reported observations of unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Several residents described a craft as the size of a football field, while others said they were nearly a mile long, similar to the Phoenix lights mass sightings of March 13, 1997. [18] [19] Some observers reported military aircraft pursuing the objects. [20] [21]

CNN's Larry King covered the news story in the days following the incident, and according to Steve Allen, a private pilot who witnessed the UFO, the object was travelling at high speed which supposedly reached 3,000 feet in the air. Allen said it was "About a half a mile wide and about a mile long. It was humongous, whatever it was." [22] The History Channel show UFO Hunters featured a story about the UFO sightings.

On January 23, after initially denying that any aircraft were operating in the area, the US Air Force said that it was conducting training flights in the Stephenville area that involved 10 fighter jets. [23] The Air Force said they were merely F-16 Fighting Falcon jets conducting night flights from NAS JRB Fort Worth.[ citation needed ]

Washington Post blogger Emil Steiner reported that conspiracy theories had arisen claiming that reporter Angelia Joiner was fired from her job at the Empire-Tribune due to her reporting of the UFO story. Steiner added, "conjecture breeds conspiracy theories. Any official denial can be labeled a cover-up". [24] [25] Herald Tribute writer Billy Cox wrote that inquiries made about the incident on his personal UFO blog have been "stonewalled" by the USAF. [26]

See also

Related Research Articles

Erath County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Erath County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. According to the United States Census bureau its population was 41,969 in 2017. The county seat is Stephenville. The county is named for George Bernard Erath, an early surveyor and a soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Watford City, North Dakota City in North Dakota, United States

Watford City, founded in 1914, is a city in and the county seat of McKenzie County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 1,744 at the 2010 census. and the Census Bureau gave the 2018 estimated population as 7,080, making Watford City the twelfth largest city in North Dakota. Because Watford City is part of the Bakken field, the North Dakota oil boom has significantly increased population and construction since the 2010 census.

Archer City, Texas City in Texas, United States

Archer City is a city in Archer County, Texas, United States. It is the county seat of Archer County.

Freeport, Texas City in Texas, United States

Freeport is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, located on the Gulf of Mexico. According to the 2019 census, the city population was 12,136, up from 12,049 in 2010.

Sanger, Texas City in Texas, United States

Sanger is a city in Denton County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,916 at the 2010 census.

Midlothian, Texas City in Texas

Midlothian is a city in northwest Ellis County, Texas, United States. The city is 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Dallas. It is the hub for the cement industry in North Texas as it is the home to three separate cement production facilities, as well as a steel mill. The population of Midlothian grew by 121% between 2000 and 2010, to a population of 18,037.

Dublin, Texas City in Texas, United States

Dublin is a city located in southwestern Erath County in Central Texas, United States. The population was 3,654 at the time of the 2010 census, down from 3,754 at the 2000 census.

Trenton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Trenton is a city in Fannin and Grayson counties, Texas, United States. The population was 635 at the 2010 census.

Gunter, Texas City in Texas, United States

Gunter is a city in the southwestern corner of Grayson County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,498 at the 2010 census, up from 1,230 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Rule, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Rule is a town in Haskell County, Texas, United States. The population was 636 at the 2010 census, down from 698 at the 2000 census.

Hillsboro, Texas City in Texas, United States

Hillsboro is a city in and the county seat of Hill County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,456 at the 2010 census.

Levelland, Texas City in Texas, United States

Levelland is a city in Hockley County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,542, up from 12,866 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Hockley County. It is located on the Llano Estacado, 30 miles (48 km) west of Lubbock. Major industries include cotton farming and petroleum production. It is the home of South Plains College.

Dayton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Dayton is a city in Liberty County, Texas, United States. The population was 7,242 at the 2010 census.

Goldthwaite, Texas City in Texas, United States

Goldthwaite is a small city located in Mills County in Central Texas. The population was 1,878 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Mills County, which is named for John T. Mills, a justice of the Supreme Court for the Third, Seventh, and Eighth districts of the former Republic of Texas. Goldthwaite is located in the western portion of the Texas Hill Country. The elevation is 1,580 feet. Goldthwaite is situated at the intersections of U.S. Highways 84 and 183, Texas State Highway 16, and Texas Farm-to-Market Roads 572 and 574.

Shelton, Washington City in Washington, United States

Shelton is the county seat of Mason County, Washington, United States. Shelton is the westernmost city on Puget Sound. The population was 9,834 at the 2010 census. In terms of population, the city is ranked 161 out of approximately 500 municipalities in Washington. Shelton has council-manager form of government.

Reklaw, Texas City in Texas, United States

Reklaw is a city in Cherokee and Rusk counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 379 at the 2010 census.

Yoakum, Texas City in Texas, United States

Yoakum is a city in Lavaca and DeWitt Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 5,815 at the 2010 census.

Venus, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Venus is a town in Johnson and Ellis counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,960 in 2010.

Tarleton State University Public university in Stephenville, TX, US

Tarleton State University is a public university in Stephenville, Texas. It is a founding member of the Texas A&M University System. Located southwest of the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex, Tarleton enrolled over 13,000 students in the fall of 2019.

Lingleville is an unincorporated community in located in Erath County, Texas, United States. Lingleville is located at the intersection of Farm Road 8 and Farm Road 219 ten miles west of Stephenville in west central Erath County.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. Climate Summary for Stephenville, Texas
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "Library". City of Stephenville. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  10. "Huston Academy". Huston Academy. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  11. "Erath County Center". Ranger College . Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  12. "Houston's Briles set to interview at Baylor". Houston Chronicle.
  13. Wilsonmwilson@empiretribune.com, Mark. "Storyteller: Erath native exploring 'expanse of possibilities' in film world". Stephenville Empire-Tribune. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Ty Murray's Saddle House". Texas Monthly. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  16. Raymond B. Nixon (June 17, 1945). "Constitution's Founder Fought for Georgia with Pen and Sword". The Atlanta Constitution. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  17. "Jess Lockwood wins second Professional Bull Riders title in 3 years at World Finals" . Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  18. "Texans report seeing UFO" CNN.com, retrieved 18 Feb 2008
  19. "Dublin Stephenville Radar Report prime 2.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  20. "Possible UFO Sighting", Stephenville Empire-Tribune, January 10, 2008
  21. "Dublin Stephenville Radar Report prime 2.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  22. "UFOS: Questions & Controversy" CNN.com, retrieved 18 Feb 2008
  23. "UFOs? Nope. They were fighter jets, Air Force says" CNN.com, retrieved 31 Jan 2008
  24. Fired Reporter Angelia Joiner Sparks Conspiracy Theories Archived July 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  25. Fired Reporter Angelia Joiner Sparks Conspiracy Theories (Washington Post blog mirror)
  26. http://www.heraldtribune.com/article/20080815/blog32/187004538&tc=yahoo – USAF Stonewalls Investigations