Crockett, Texas

Last updated
Crockett, Texas
Downtown Crockett, TX IMG 1000.JPG
Downtown Crockett, Texas
Crockett TX seal.jpg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Paradise in the Pines
Houston County Crockett.svg
Location of Crockett, Texas
Coordinates: 31°19′1″N95°27′30″W / 31.31694°N 95.45833°W / 31.31694; -95.45833 Coordinates: 31°19′1″N95°27′30″W / 31.31694°N 95.45833°W / 31.31694; -95.45833
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Texas.svg Texas
County Houston
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Dr. Ianthia Fisher (D) [1]
   City Manager John Angerstein
   City Council
Area
  Total8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)
  Land8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
364 ft (111 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total6,950
  Density785/sq mi (303.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75835
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-17744 [2]
GNIS feature ID1355365 [3]
Website www.crocketttexas.org

Crockett is a city in Houston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,950. [4] It is the fifth oldest city and the county seat of Houston County, the oldest county in Texas. [5]

Houston County, Texas County in the United States

Houston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,732. Its county seat is Crockett. Houston County was one of forty-six prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas, until voters in a November 2007 special election legalized the sale of alcohol in the county.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

Monroe-Crook House in Crockett Warfield House in Crockett, TX IMG 0992.jpg
Monroe-Crook House in Crockett

The town was named after David Crockett, [6] who reportedly had camped nearby on his way to the Alamo; the site was very near the Old San Antonio Road. A family from Tennessee donated the land for the town and named it after Crockett, whom they had previously known. The town was incorporated in 1837, and a post office was granted the following year. Crockett was connected to Nacogdoches by stage service. In 1839 raids by the Alabama-Coushatta and Cherokee Indians forced the town's residents to take shelter in the fortified log courthouse. Crockett was a training center for Confederate conscripts during the Civil War.

Old San Antonio Road auto trail

The Old San Antonio Road was a historic roadway located in the U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana. Parts of it were based on traditional Native American trails. Its Texas terminus was about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Eagle Pass at the Rio Grande in Maverick County, and its northern terminus was at Natchitoches, Louisiana. The road continued from Texas through Monclova to Mexico City.

Tennessee State of the United States of America

Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri to the northwest. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560 and a 2017 metro population of 1,903,045. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017.

Nacogdoches, Texas City in Texas, United States

Nacogdoches is a small city in East Texas and the county seat of Nacogdoches County, Texas, United States. The 2010 U.S. Census recorded the city's population to be 32,996. Nacogdoches is a sister city of the smaller and similarly-named Natchitoches, Louisiana, the third-largest city in the Southern Ark-La-Tex.

The railroad came through in 1872, enabling Crockett to exploit the county's timber resources. By 1885 the town was thriving with a population of 1,200, and the following year a school was opened for black girls. It evolved into Mary Allen Junior College, which operated into the 1970s. In 1904 lignite mining started, peaking about 1910. The stands of timber were seriously depleted by the 1920s. The population was over 3,000 in the mid-1920s, and by 1936 it was nearly 4,500. The population of Crockett increased while most of East Texas declined after World War II. It had reached 5,000 by the 1960 census. [7]

Mary Allen Seminary

Mary Allen Seminary was the first black women's college in the state of Texas. Initially a parochial school founded and run by white Presbyterians, it was restructured in 1924 and became an accredited junior college with an all-black faculty and black administrator in 1933. The school was closed in 1943, reopened the following year, and operated until 1972.

Lignite A soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock

Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat. It is considered the lowest rank of coal due to its relatively low heat content. It has a carbon content around 60–70 percent. It is mined all around the world, is used almost exclusively as a fuel for steam-electric power generation, and is the coal which is most harmful to health.

East Texas cultural, geographic and ecological area in the US federated state of Texas

East Texas is a distinct cultural, geographic, and ecological area in the U.S. state of Texas.

During this time, one of the first loop roads in the nation (Loop 304) was built around the city. This traffic reliever was procured through the works of heavyweight politicians who called Crockett home. Blues singer Lightnin' Hopkins was once arrested in Crockett. In recent years, the economy of Crockett has expanded with the construction of new retail space on Loop 304. Several historic buildings in downtown have been renovated to accommodate new office and service space. Renewed interest in reserves of natural gas in the surrounding area has led to construction of energy infrastructure and receipt of royalty revenues for land.

Loop 304 is a beltway within Crockett, the county seat of Houston County, Texas. It is 8.59 miles (13.82 km) in length. It was established in on March 28, 1956. Nearly all of the loop is two lanes wide, and provides access for long distance travelers and trucks to bypass the downtown core.

Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1870s by African Americans from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. Blue notes, usually thirds, fifths or sevenths flattened in pitch are also an essential part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove.

Lightnin Hopkins American country blues singer, songwriter and musician

Samuel John "Lightnin'" Hopkins was an American country blues singer, songwriter, guitarist and occasional pianist, from Centerville, Texas. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 71 on its list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.

In 1854, A.T. Monroe, a grandnephew of U.S. President James Monroe, came to Crockett from Virginia. He established what is now the Monroe-Crook House, built with brick placed between the inner and outer walls. George W. Crook purchased the residence in 1911. The house, open for public tours, is located in front of the John H. Wooters Public Library in the same block as the Crockett Presbyterian Church. [8] The Presbyterian Church was established in 1854. The building was razed by a fire in 1926 and rebuilt. [9]

James Monroe 5th president of the United States

James Monroe was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, and Founding Father who served as the fifth president of the United States from 1817 to 1825. A member of the Democratic-Republican Party, Monroe was the last president of the Virginia dynasty, and his presidency coincided with the Era of Good Feelings. He is perhaps best known for issuing the Monroe Doctrine, a policy of opposing European colonialism in the Americas. He also served as the governor of Virginia, a member of the United States Senate, the U.S. ambassador to France and Britain, the seventh Secretary of State, and the eighth Secretary of War.

Virginia State of the United States of America

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.

Government and infrastructure

The United States Postal Service operates the Crockett Post Office. [10]

United States Postal Service independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for providing postal service

The United States Postal Service is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states. It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution.

The Texas Youth Commission operated the Crockett State School in Crockett. [11] However, the facility closed on or around August 31, 2011 and is no longer in operation. [12]

History was made in Crockett on Monday, May 13 2019, as Dr. Ianthia Fisher became the first African-American female to be sworn in as the city’s mayor.

Geography

The historic Strode-Pritchett Cabin was located to Crockett for the 1976 bicentennial. At the site is a painting of Davy Crockett by the artist Lucas Short. Revised, Strobe-Pritchett House, Crockett, TX IMG 6244.jpg
The historic Strode-Pritchett Cabin was located to Crockett for the 1976 bicentennial. At the site is a painting of Davy Crockett by the artist Lucas Short.

Crockett is located near the center of Houston County at 31°19′1″N95°27′30″W / 31.31694°N 95.45833°W / 31.31694; -95.45833 (31.317010, -95.458397). [13] Several highways converge on the city. U.S. Route 287 leads north 35 miles (56 km) to Palestine and southeast 46 miles (74 km) to Corrigan. Texas State Highway 21 leads northeast 33 miles (53 km) to Alto and southwest 38 miles (61 km) to Madisonville at Interstate 45. State Highway 7 leads east 54 miles (87 km) to Nacogdoches and west 33 miles (53 km) to Centerville along I-45. State Highway 19 leads south from Crockett 48 miles (77 km) to Huntsville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Crockett has a total area of 8.8 square miles (22.9 km2), all land. [4] The city is within the Trinity River watershed, with the north side of the city draining toward Hurricane Bayou, which joins the Trinity River west of Crockett, and the south side draining toward Gail Creek, a tributary of White Rock Creek, which joins the Trinity at Lake Livingston.

The terrain of the town is hilly and (as with many East Texas towns) contains significant forest, mostly loblolly pine and pecan trees.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 150
1860 319112.7%
1870 53868.7%
1880 59911.3%
1890 1,445141.2%
1900 2,61280.8%
1910 3,94751.1%
1920 3,061−22.4%
1930 4,44145.1%
1940 4,5362.1%
1950 5,93230.8%
1960 5,356−9.7%
1970 6,61623.5%
1980 7,40511.9%
1990 7,024−5.1%
2000 7,1411.7%
2010 6,950−2.7%
Est. 20166,544 [14] −5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

As of the census [2] of 2000, there were 7,141 people, 2,672 households, and 1,747 families residing in the city. The population density was 805.6 people per square mile (311.2/km²). There were 3,081 housing units at an average density of 347.6 per square mile (134.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.54% White, 44.67% African-American, 0.36% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 4.78% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.50% of the population.

There were 2,672 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,455, and the median income for a family was $27,069. Males had a median income of $26,098 versus $18,674 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,708. About 26.6% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.6% of those under age 18 and 26.0% of those age 65 or over. Crockett is one of the poorest cities in the United States. [16]

Education

Public schools

Most of the city is served by the Crockett Independent School District, although a few acres of the city limits are within the Latexo Independent School District.

Private schools

Crockett is home to the Jordan School - a private, co-educational institution operated by the local Episcopal Church. It currently serves Pre K & Kindergarten levels. They have partnered with Vista Academy, which serves 1-6th grade.

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Crockett has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [18]

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References

  1. Thibodeaux, Matt (8 April 2019). "Democratic party chair accuses Crockett mayor of racism". MYEASTTEX. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Crockett city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96.
  7. Crockett Texas and Crockett Texas Hotels Motels
  8. Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Monroe-Crook House, Crockett, Texas
  9. Texas Historical Commission, Historical marker, Crockett Presbyterian Church
  10. "Post Office Location - CROCKETT Archived 2010-08-29 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 8, 2010.
  11. "Crockett State School Archived 2011-02-20 at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on August 8, 2010.
  12. "TYC Announces Closure of Three Facilities Archived March 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on July 3, 2011.
  13. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. Comen, Evan. "America's 30 poorest towns". MSN. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  17. <Kenny Rogers to star in first TV special Tri City Herald, March 6, 1979
  18. Climate Summary for Crockett, Texas