City of Kingsville
|• Mayor||Sam Fugate|
|• Commissioners||Hector Hinojosa |
|• Manager||Jesús A. Garza|
|• City||13.9 sq mi (35.9 km2)|
|• Land||13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
|• Density||1,848.8/sq mi (713.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1374386|
Kingsville is a city in the southern region of the U.S. state of Texas and the county seat of Kleberg County. Located on the U.S. Route 77 corridor between Corpus Christi and Harlingen, Kingsville is the principal city of the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The population was 26,213 at the 2010 census, and in 2018 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population at 25,487.
Named in honor of Richard King, Kingsville's first buildings were constructed in 1904 along the newly completed, now defunct, St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway line, adjacent to the famous King Ranch. The city was incorporated in 1913.It is home to Texas A&M University-Kingsville, a member of the Texas A&M University System, and Naval Air Station Kingsville, one of the U.S. Navy’s two locations for jet aviation training.
With the continued growth of the King Ranch in the mid to late 19th century, the desire for a railroad through the region increased, both to connect the communities of the Rio Grande Valley to the rest of Texas, and to serve the King Ranch. At the turn of the 20th century, Henrietta King deeded a portion of the ranch to entice the construction of a town and to bring the railroad adjacent to the ranch.Robert Justus Kleberg, Jr., the ranch manager, formed the Kleberg Town and Improvement Company in 1903, tasked with planning and constructing the town. In 1904, the community was planned three miles from the King Ranch headquarters and was named in honor of the founder of the King Ranch, Richard King. That same year, construction of the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway reached Kingsville, and the first train passed through the town on July 4, 1904, considered the founding date of the city. Kingsville's first post office was also established that year.
In 1911, the city was incorporated and the first city government was established. Two years later, in 1913, Kingsville was named the county seat of the newly established Kleberg County.Around 1920, oil and natural gas were discovered near Kingsville, leading to the city's first population boom. In 1925, the South Texas Teachers College opened, later changing its name in 1929 to the Texas College of Arts and Industries (Texas A&I). The school went on to adopt its current name, Texas A&M University-Kingsville when it joined in the Texas A&M University System in 1993. In 1942, the U.S. Navy opened a training airfield, Naval Air Station Kingsville to the east of town, which after a brief period of closure following World War II, has remained open to this day and is one of two major Naval Aviation jet training facilities for the Navy.
Several major industries have called Kingsville home throughout the city's history. In 1944, the Celanese Corporation opened a plant north of Kingsville that is still in operation today.In the early 1960s, Humble Oil and Refining Company, now known as Exxon, relocated a district office to Kingsville due to the city's close proximity to nearby oil fields. Population steadily increased in Kingsville, peaking at just under 30,000 residents in the mid 1980s. Since that time, the city has experienced an mild economic slump, with the closing of Exxon's district office, decreased enrollment at the university, and the decreased economic impact of the petroleum industry all cited as factors for the city's decline.
Kingsville is located in South Texas, approximately 33 miles (54 km) southwest of Corpus Christi, 91 miles (146 km) north of Harlingen and 101 miles (163 km) east of Laredo. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2010, the city has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which 13.8 square miles (36 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.22%) is water. Kingsville is located in the geographic Gulf Coastal Plain region of the United States, known as the Coastal Bend in Texas, bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and Baffin Bay to the east, and the South Texas Plains or brush country to the north, west and south. Mesquite trees are found throughout the region, along with several types of cacti. The city is surrounded by farmland producing various crops including cotton and sorghum. The terrain around Kingsville is generally flat, with an elevation of 59 feet above sea level at city center. Several creeks run through the city, including the San Fernando, Santa Gertrudis, and Escondido Creeks, all feeding into Baffin Bay.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
In 2009, the population density of Kingsville was 1,848.8 inhabitants per square mile (713.8/km2).[ citation needed ] There were 10,427 housing units with an average density of 753.8 per square mile (291.1/km²).[ citation needed ]
The following statistics come from the American Community Survey 2007-2011 five year estimate.
There were 25,994 residentsin 9,103 households, and 5,837 families living in the city. 1,192 housing units were vacant. The rental vacancy rate was 9.3 percent while the homeowner vacancy rate was 3.9 percent. 57.1 percent of all housing units were built between 1950 and 1979. Only 9.9 percent were built in 2000 or later. The median value of an owner-occupied unit was $69,500.
Of the 9,103 households, 36.5 percent had children under the age of 18.40.6 percent were married couples living together, 17.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9 percent were non-families. 25.0 percent of all households were made up of single individuals, and 8.5 percent had someone living alone who was aged 65 or above. The average household size was 2.67, and the average family size was 3.26.
The racial makeup of the city was 83.3 percent White, 4.7 percent African American, 2.8 percent Asian, 0.6 percent Native American, 0.1 percent Pacific Islander, 6.8 percent from other races, and 1.7 percent from two or more races.Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 72.4 percent of the population.
The population was spread out with 30.1 percent under 20 years of age, 39.2 percent aged 20 to 44, 18.9 percent aged 45 to 64, and 11.9 percent aged 65 or above.The median age was 27.6. For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females aged 18 to 64, there were 114.1 males. For every 100 females aged 65 and over, there were 74.2 males.
The median household income in the city was $33,785, and that for a family was $43,167.Males had a median income of $44,854 versus $26,447 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,271. About 20.0 percent of families and 27.7 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7 percent of those under 18 and 12.0 percent of those aged 65 or over. The unemployment rate expressed as a percentage of persons aged 16 and over, was 6.7 percent. The unemployment rate, when expressed as a percentage of labor force participants aged 16 and over, was 11.4 percent.
The city's public schools are operated by the Kingsville Independent School District, Santa Gertrudis Independent School District, and Jubilee Academic Center.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kingsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Kingsville, TX|
|Record high °F (°C)||93|
|Average high °F (°C)||68.8|
|Average low °F (°C)||45.7|
|Record low °F (°C)||11|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.41|
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Not to be confused with Kleberg, Texas.
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King Ranch, located in South Texas between Corpus Christi and Brownsville near Kingsville, is the largest ranch in Texas, an area larger than the state of Rhode Island. The King Ranch comprises 825,000 acres and was founded in 1853 by Captain Richard King and Gideon K. Lewis. It includes portions of six Texas counties; most of Kleberg County and much of Kenedy County, with portions extending into Brooks, Jim Wells, Nueces, and Willacy counties. The ranch does not consist of one single contiguous plot of land, but rather four large sections called divisions. The divisions are the Santa Gertrudis, the Laureles, the Encino and the Norias. Only the first two of the four divisions border each other, and that border is relatively short. The ranch was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The Texas Cowboy Hall of Fame inducted the ranch in 2019.
Richard King was a riverboat captain, confederate, entrepreneur, and most notably, the founder of the King Ranch in South Texas, which at the time of his death in 1885 encompassed over 825,000 acres (3,340 km2).
Santa Gertrudis Independent School District (SGISD) is a public school district in Kingsville, Kleberg County, Texas, United States. The district covers approximately 190 square miles (490 km2), and is located in 40 miles (64 km) south of the city of Corpus Christi. SGISD operates Santa Gertrudis Elementary and Academy High School. During the 2009-2010 school year, SGISD had 397 students enrolled, according to Texas Education Agency.
Riviera is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Kleberg County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 689. It is located 15 miles (24 km) south of Kingsville on U.S. Route 77 and 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Falfurrias on Texas State Highway 285.
The Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area is a micropolitan area in South Texas that covers two counties – Kleberg and Kenedy. As of the 2000 census, the μSA had a population of 31,963. It is also part of the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area.
The Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice Combined Statistical Area is made up of six counties in South Texas. The statistical area consists of the Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, and the Alice Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the CSA had a population of 501,500.
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Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio counties. The population was 277,454 at the 2000 census; in 2006 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 285,175, making it the eighth-largest city in the state. It is the principal city of the three-county Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The translation from Latin of the city's name is Body of Christ, given to the settlement by the Spanish, in honor of the Blessed Sacrament (Eucharist). The city has been nicknamed The Sparkling City by the Sea, or "Corpitos" particularly in literature promoting tourism.
Jose Manuel Lozano, Jr., known as J. M. Lozano, is a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 43, which consists of the counties of Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, and San Patricio. He serves as chairman of the House Committee on Redistricting and vice-chair of the Committee on International Trade. A restaurateur, Lozano lives in Kingsville in Kleberg County with his wife, Avelina, and their three children.
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