Kingsville, Texas

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City of Kingsville
Kleberg Kingsville.svg
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City of Kingsville
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 27°30′54″N97°51′56″W / 27.51500°N 97.86556°W / 27.51500; -97.86556 Coordinates: 27°30′54″N97°51′56″W / 27.51500°N 97.86556°W / 27.51500; -97.86556
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Texas.svg Texas
County Kleberg
Government
  Type Council-Manager
  MayorSam Fugate
  CommissionersHector Hinojosa
Dianne Leubert
Arturo Pecos
Edna Lopez
  ManagerJesús A. Garza
Area
   City 13.9 sq mi (35.9 km2)
  Land13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
   City 26,213
  Density1,848.8/sq mi (713.8/km2)
   Metro
34,367
Demonym(s) Kingsvillian
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
78363-78364
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-39352 [1]
GNIS feature ID1374386 [2]
Website www.cityofkingsville.com

Kingsville is a city in the southern region of the U.S. state of Texas and the county seat of Kleberg County. Located on the U.S. Route 77 corridor between Corpus Christi and Harlingen, Kingsville is the principal city of the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The population was 26,213 at the 2010 census, and in 2018 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population at 25,487. [3]

Contents

Named in honor of Richard King, Kingsville's first buildings were constructed in 1904 along the newly completed, now defunct, St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway line, adjacent to the famous King Ranch. The city was incorporated in 1913. [4] It is home to Texas A&M University-Kingsville, a member of the Texas A&M University System, and Naval Air Station Kingsville, one of the U.S. Navy’s two locations for jet aviation training.

History

With the continued growth of the King Ranch in the mid to late 19th century, the desire for a railroad through the region increased, both to connect the communities of the Rio Grande Valley to the rest of Texas, and to serve the King Ranch. At the turn of the 20th century, Henrietta King deeded a portion of the ranch to entice the construction of a town and to bring the railroad adjacent to the ranch. [4] Robert Justus Kleberg, Jr., the ranch manager, formed the Kleberg Town and Improvement Company in 1903, tasked with planning and constructing the town. [4] In 1904, the community was planned three miles from the King Ranch headquarters and was named in honor of the founder of the King Ranch, Richard King. That same year, construction of the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway reached Kingsville, and the first train passed through the town on July 4, 1904, considered the founding date of the city. Kingsville's first post office was also established that year. [5]

In 1911, the city was incorporated and the first city government was established. Two years later, in 1913, Kingsville was named the county seat of the newly established Kleberg County. [4] Around 1920, oil and natural gas were discovered near Kingsville, leading to the city's first population boom. [6] In 1925, the South Texas Teachers College opened, later changing its name in 1929 to the Texas College of Arts and Industries (Texas A&I). The school went on to adopt its current name, Texas A&M University-Kingsville when it joined in the Texas A&M University System in 1993. [4] In 1942, the U.S. Navy opened a training airfield, Naval Air Station Kingsville to the east of town, which after a brief period of closure following World War II, has remained open to this day and is one of two major Naval Aviation jet training facilities for the Navy. [6]

Several major industries have called Kingsville home throughout the city's history. In 1944, the Celanese Corporation opened a plant north of Kingsville that is still in operation today. [4] In the early 1960s, Humble Oil and Refining Company, now known as Exxon, relocated a district office to Kingsville due to the city's close proximity to nearby oil fields. [4] Population steadily increased in Kingsville, peaking at just under 30,000 residents in the mid 1980s. [6] Since that time, the city has experienced an mild economic slump, with the closing of Exxon's district office, decreased enrollment at the university, and the decreased economic impact of the petroleum industry all cited as factors for the city's decline. [4]

Geography

Kingsville is located in South Texas, approximately 33 miles (54 km) southwest of Corpus Christi, 91 miles (146 km) north of Harlingen and 101 miles (163 km) east of Laredo. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2010, the city has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which 13.8 square miles (36 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.22%) is water. Kingsville is located in the geographic Gulf Coastal Plain region of the United States, known as the Coastal Bend in Texas, bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and Baffin Bay to the east, and the South Texas Plains or brush country to the north, west and south. Mesquite trees are found throughout the region, along with several types of cacti. The city is surrounded by farmland producing various crops including cotton and sorghum. The terrain around Kingsville is generally flat, with an elevation of 59 feet above sea level at city center. Several creeks run through the city, including the San Fernando, Santa Gertrudis, and Escondido Creeks, all feeding into Baffin Bay.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 4,770
1930 6,81542.9%
1940 7,78214.2%
1950 16,898117.1%
1960 25,29749.7%
1970 28,99514.6%
1980 29,9493.3%
1990 25,276−15.6%
2000 25,5751.2%
2010 26,2132.5%
Est. 201825,487 [3] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
Kingsville, 1908 Kingsville, Texas (1908).jpg
Kingsville, 1908

In 2009, the population density of Kingsville was 1,848.8 inhabitants per square mile (713.8/km2).[ citation needed ] There were 10,427 housing units with an average density of 753.8 per square mile (291.1/km²).[ citation needed ]

The following statistics come from the American Community Survey 2007-2011 five year estimate.

There were 25,994 residents [8] in 9,103 households, and 5,837 families living in the city. [9] 1,192 housing units were vacant. [10] The rental vacancy rate was 9.3 percent while the homeowner vacancy rate was 3.9 percent. [10] 57.1 percent of all housing units were built between 1950 and 1979. [10] Only 9.9 percent were built in 2000 or later. [10] The median value of an owner-occupied unit was $69,500. [10]

Of the 9,103 households, 36.5 percent had children under the age of 18. [9] 40.6 percent were married couples living together, 17.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9 percent were non-families. [9] 25.0 percent of all households were made up of single individuals, and 8.5 percent had someone living alone who was aged 65 or above. [9] The average household size was 2.67, and the average family size was 3.26. [9]

The racial makeup of the city was 83.3 percent White, 4.7 percent African American, 2.8 percent Asian, 0.6 percent Native American, 0.1 percent Pacific Islander, 6.8 percent from other races, and 1.7 percent from two or more races. [8] Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 72.4 percent of the population. [8]

The population was spread out with 30.1 percent under 20 years of age, 39.2 percent aged 20 to 44, 18.9 percent aged 45 to 64, and 11.9 percent aged 65 or above. [8] The median age was 27.6. [8] For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 107.3 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 18 to 64, there were 114.1 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 65 and over, there were 74.2 males. [8]

The median household income in the city was $33,785, and that for a family was $43,167. [11] Males had a median income of $44,854 versus $26,447 for females. [11] The per capita income for the city was $18,271. [11] About 20.0 percent of families and 27.7 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7 percent of those under 18 and 12.0 percent of those aged 65 or over. [11] The unemployment rate expressed as a percentage of persons aged 16 and over, was 6.7 percent. [11] The unemployment rate, when expressed as a percentage of labor force participants aged 16 and over, was 11.4 percent. [11]

Education

The city's public schools are operated by the Kingsville Independent School District, Santa Gertrudis Independent School District, and Jubilee Academic Center.

Colleges

Public

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kingsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [12]

Climate data for Kingsville, TX
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)93
(34)
98
(37)
103
(39)
108
(42)
107
(42)
111
(44)
107
(42)
108
(42)
111
(44)
101
(38)
98
(37)
93
(34)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)68.8
(20.4)
72.4
(22.4)
78.4
(25.8)
84.2
(29.0)
88.6
(31.4)
93.1
(33.9)
95.1
(35.1)
96.0
(35.6)
91.9
(33.3)
86.0
(30.0)
77.4
(25.2)
70.3
(21.3)
83.5
(28.6)
Average low °F (°C)45.7
(7.6)
49.3
(9.6)
55.2
(12.9)
62.7
(17.1)
68.8
(20.4)
72.7
(22.6)
74.1
(23.4)
74.2
(23.4)
70.9
(21.6)
62.7
(17.1)
54.2
(12.3)
47.1
(8.4)
61.5
(16.4)
Record low °F (°C)11
(−12)
20
(−7)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
40
(4)
54
(12)
63
(17)
60
(16)
47
(8)
32
(0)
27
(−3)
10
(−12)
10
(−12)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.41
(36)
1.68
(43)
1.21
(31)
1.66
(42)
3.10
(79)
3.16
(80)
2.29
(58)
2.59
(66)
4.46
(113)
2.72
(69)
1.61
(41)
1.29
(33)
27.18
(691)
Source: https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?tx4810

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

Air travel

Railway

Notable people

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References

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  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Kingsville, TX". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  5. "About Kingsville". City of Kingsville. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Kingsville, Texas". TexasEscapes. Texas Escapes. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2018-07-19. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2019-04-23. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kingsville, Texas, 2007-11 Five Year Estimate, American Community Survey, United States Census Bureau
  12. "Kingsville, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  13. Publisher, Christopher Maher. "Reality Winner to enter guilty plea". The Kingsville Record and Bishop News.