Kingsville, Texas

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City of Kingsville
City
Kleberg Kingsville.svg
USA Texas location map.svg
Red pog.svg
City of Kingsville
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 27°30′54″N97°51′56″W / 27.51500°N 97.86556°W / 27.51500; -97.86556 Coordinates: 27°30′54″N97°51′56″W / 27.51500°N 97.86556°W / 27.51500; -97.86556
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Texas.svg Texas
County Kleberg
Government
  Type Council-Manager
  Mayor Sam Fugate
  Commissioners Hector Hinojosa
Dianne Leubert
Arturo Pecos
Edna Lopez
  Manager Jesús A. Garza
Area
   City 13.9 sq mi (35.9 km2)
  Land 13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)
  Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010 U.S. Census)
   City 26,213
  Density 1,848.8/sq mi (713.8/km2)
   Metro 34,367
Demonym(s) Kingsvillian
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78363-78364
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-39352 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1374386 [2]
Website www.cityofkingsville.com

Kingsville is a city in the southern region of the U.S. state of Texas. It is the county seat of Kleberg County, and is located on the U.S. Route 77 corridor between Corpus Christi and Harlingen. Kingsville is the principal city of the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The population was 26,213 at the time of the 2010 census, and in 2016 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population at 26,071. [3]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

Named in honor of Richard King, Kingsville's first buildings were constructed in 1904 along the newly completed, now defunct, St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway line, adjacent to the famous King Ranch. The city was incorporated in 1913. [4] It is home to Texas A&M University-Kingsville, a member of the Texas A&M University System, and Naval Air Station Kingsville, one of the U.S. Navy’s two locations for jet aviation training.

Richard King was a riverboat captain, confederate, entrepreneur, and most notably, the founder of the King Ranch in South Texas, which at the time of his death in 1885 encompassed over 825,000 acres (3,340 km2).

St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway defunct American railway in Texas

Chartered on June 6, 1903, the St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Railway was a 200-mile (321 km) U.S. railroad that operated from Brownsville, Texas, to Gulf Coast Junction in Houston, Texas. It served numerous towns and cities along its routes and operated a rail bridge between Brownsville and Matamoros, Tamaulipas, in junction with the Mexican government. The Brownie connected the citizens of Brownsville to nearby Corpus Christi for the first time on land rather than using water transportation.

King Ranch ranch in South Texas, United States

King Ranch, located in South Texas between Corpus Christi and Brownsville near Kingsville, is the largest ranch in Texas. The King Ranch comprises 825,000 acres and was founded in 1853 by Captain Richard King and Gideon K. Lewis. It includes portions of six Texas counties; most of Kleberg County and much of Kenedy County, with portions extending into Brooks, Jim Wells, Nueces, and Willacy counties. The ranch does not consist of one single contiguous plot of land, but rather four large sections called divisions. The divisions are the Santa Gertrudis, the Laureles, the Encino and the Norias. Only the first two of the four divisions border each other, and that border is relatively short. The ranch was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961.

History

With the continued growth of the King Ranch in the mid to late 19th century, the desire for a railroad through the region increased, both to connect the communities of the Rio Grande Valley to the rest of Texas, and to serve the King Ranch. At the turn of the 20th century, Henrietta King deeded a portion of the ranch to entice the construction of a town and to bring the railroad adjacent to the ranch. [4] Robert Justus Kleberg, Jr., the ranch manager, formed the Kleberg Town and Improvement Company in 1903, tasked with planning and constructing the town. [4] In 1904, the community was planned three miles from the King Ranch headquarters and was named in honor of the founder of the King Ranch, Richard King. That same year, construction of the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway reached Kingsville, and the first train passed through the town on July 4, 1904, considered the founding date of the city. Kingsville's first post office was also established that year. [5]

Rio Grande Valley location in south Texas

The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of South Texas. It lies along the northern bank of the Rio Grande, which separates Mexico from the United States. The four-county region consists of Hidalgo, Cameron, Willacy, and Starr counties. It is one of the fastest growing regions in the United States, with its population having jumped from about 325,000 people in 1969 to more than 1,300,000 people by 2014. Some of the biggest cities in the region are: Brownsville, Harlingen, Weslaco, Pharr, McAllen, Edinburg, Mission, San Juan, and Rio Grande City.

Henrietta Maria King was a rancher and philanthropist. She was the wife of Richard King, who founded King Ranch, the largest ranch in Texas.

Geography

Kingsville is located in South Texas, approximately 33 miles (54 km) southwest of Corpus Christi, 91 miles (146 km) north of Harlingen and 101 miles (163 km) east of Laredo. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2010, the city has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which 13.8 square miles (36 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.22%) is water. Kingsville is located in the geographic Gulf Coastal Plain region of the United States, known as the Coastal Bend in Texas, bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and Baffin Bay to the east, and the South Texas Plains or brush country to the north, west and south. Mesquite trees are found throughout the region, along with several types of cacti. The city is surrounded by farmland producing various crops including cotton and sorghum. The terrain around Kingsville is generally flat, with an elevation of 59 feet above sea level at city center. Several creeks run through the city, including the San Fernando, Santa Gertrudis, and Escondido Creeks, all feeding into Baffin Bay.

South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas

South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of—and sometimes including—San Antonio. The southern and western boundary is the Rio Grande, and to the east it is the Gulf of Mexico. The population of this region is about 4.96 million according to the 2017 census estimates. The southern portion of this region is often referred to as the Rio Grande Valley. The eastern portion along the Gulf of Mexico is also referred to as the Coastal Bend.

Corpus Christi, Texas City in Texas, United States

Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus, is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio Counties. It is 130 miles southeast of San Antonio. Its political boundaries encompass Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay. Its zoned boundaries include small land parcels or water inlets of three neighboring counties.

Harlingen, Texas City in Texas, United States

Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the central region of the Rio Grande Valley of the southern part of the U.S. state of Texas, about 30 miles (48 km) from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The city covers more than 40 square miles (104 km2) and is the second-largest city in Cameron County, as well as the fourth-largest in the Rio Grande Valley. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 64,849, for a growth rate of 12.5% since the 2000 census. It is the city with the lowest cost of living in the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 4,770
1930 6,81542.9%
1940 7,78214.2%
1950 16,898117.1%
1960 25,29749.7%
1970 28,99514.6%
1980 29,9493.3%
1990 25,276−15.6%
2000 25,5751.2%
2010 26,2132.5%
Est. 201626,071 [6] −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
Kingsville, 1908 Kingsville, Texas (1908).jpg
Kingsville, 1908

In 2009, the population density of Kingsville was 1,848.8 inhabitants per square mile (713.8/km2).[ citation needed ] There were 10,427 housing units with an average density of 753.8 per square mile (291.1/km²).[ citation needed ]

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

The following statistics come from the American Community Survey 2007-2011 five year estimate.

American Community Survey demographic survey in the United States

The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey by the U.S. Census Bureau. It regularly gathers information previously contained only in the long form of the decennial census, such as ancestry, educational attainment, income, language proficiency, migration, disability, employment, and housing characteristics. These data are used by many public-sector, private-sector, and not-for-profit stakeholders to allocate funding, track shifting demographics, plan for emergencies, and learn about local communities. Sent to approximately 295,000 addresses monthly, it is the largest household survey that the Census Bureau administers.

There were 25,994 residents [8] in 9,103 households, and 5,837 families living in the city. [9] 1,192 housing units were vacant. [10] The rental vacancy rate was 9.3 percent while the homeowner vacancy rate was 3.9 percent. [10] 57.1 percent of all housing units were built between 1950 and 1979. [10] Only 9.9 percent were built in 2000 or later. [10] The median value of an owner-occupied unit was $69,500. [10]

Of the 9,103 households, 36.5 percent had children under the age of 18. [9] 40.6 percent were married couples living together, 17.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9 percent were non-families. [9] 25.0 percent of all households were made up of single individuals, and 8.5 percent had someone living alone who was aged 65 or above. [9] The average household size was 2.67, and the average family size was 3.26. [9]

The racial makeup of the city was 83.3 percent, White, 4.7 percent African American, 2.8 percent Asian, 0.6 percent Native American, 0.1 percent Pacific Islander, 6.8 percent from other races, and 1.7 percent from two or more races. [8] Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 72.4 percent of the population. [8]

The population was spread out with 30.1 percent under 20 years of age, 39.2 percent aged 20 to 44, 18.9 percent aged 45 to 64, and 11.9 percent aged 65 or above. [8] The median age was 27.6. [8] For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 107.3 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 18 to 64, there were 114.1 males. [8] For every 100 females aged 65 and over, there were 74.2 males. [8]

The median household income in the city was $33,785, and that for a family was $43,167. [11] Males had a median income of $44,854 versus $26,447 for females. [11] The per capita income for the city was $18,271. [11] About 20.0 percent of families and 27.7 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7 percent of those under 18 and 12.0 percent of those aged 65 or over. [11] The unemployment rate expressed as a percentage of persons aged 16 and over, was 6.7 percent. [11] The unemployment rate, when expressed as a percentage of labor force participants aged 16 and over, was 11.4 percent. [11]

Education

The city's public schools are operated by the Kingsville Independent School District, Santa Gertrudis Independent School District, and Jubilee Academic Center.

Colleges

Public

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kingsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [12]

Climate data for Kingsville, TX
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C) 93
(34)
98
(37)
103
(39)
108
(42)
107
(42)
111
(44)
107
(42)
108
(42)
111
(44)
101
(38)
98
(37)
93
(34)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 68.8
(20.4)
72.4
(22.4)
78.4
(25.8)
84.2
(29)
88.6
(31.4)
93.1
(33.9)
95.1
(35.1)
96.0
(35.6)
91.9
(33.3)
86.0
(30)
77.4
(25.2)
70.3
(21.3)
83.5
(28.6)
Average low °F (°C) 45.7
(7.6)
49.3
(9.6)
55.2
(12.9)
62.7
(17.1)
68.8
(20.4)
72.7
(22.6)
74.1
(23.4)
74.2
(23.4)
70.9
(21.6)
62.7
(17.1)
54.2
(12.3)
47.1
(8.4)
61.5
(16.4)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
20
(−7)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
40
(4)
54
(12)
63
(17)
60
(16)
47
(8)
32
(0)
27
(−3)
10
(−12)
10
(−12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.41
(35.8)
1.68
(42.7)
1.21
(30.7)
1.66
(42.2)
3.10
(78.7)
3.16
(80.3)
2.29
(58.2)
2.59
(65.8)
4.46
(113.3)
2.72
(69.1)
1.61
(40.9)
1.29
(32.8)
27.18
(690.5)
Source: https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?tx4810

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

Air travel

Railway

Notable people

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References