College Station, Texas

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College Station, Texas
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College Station is the home of Texas A&M University.
Brazos County CollegeStation.svg
Location in the state of Texas
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College Station
Location in the state of Texas
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College Station
College Station (the United States)
Coordinates: 30°36′05″N96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444 Coordinates: 30°36′05″N96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
County Brazos
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Karl Mooney
   City Council
   City Manager Bryan Woods
Area
   City 49.6 sq mi (128.5 km2)
  Land49.5 sq mi (128.1 km2)
  Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation
338 ft (103 m)
Population
(2019)
   City 121,321
  Density1,978/sq mi (763.7/km2)
   Metro
273,101 (US: 175th)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
77840-77845
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-15976
GNIS feature ID1354786 [1]
Website www.cstx.gov
CollegeStationLogo.JPG

College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, situated in East-Central Texas in the heart of the Brazos Valley, in the center of the region known as Texas Triangle. It is 90 miles (140 kilometers) northwest of Houston and 87 miles (140 km) northeast of Austin. As of the 2010 census, College Station had a population of 93,857, [2] which had increased to an estimated population of 121,321 as of February 2019. [3] College Station and Bryan together make up the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area, the 13th-largest metropolitan area in Texas with 273,101 people as of 2019.

Brazos County, Texas County in the United States

Brazos County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 194,851. The population estimate as of November 2018 was 226,099. The county seat is Bryan. Along with Brazoria County, the county is named for the Brazos River, which forms its western border. The county was formed in 1841 and organized in 1843.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Brazos Valley

The Brazos Valley is a region in the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the counties of Brazos, Burleson, and Robertson, and the neighboring counties of Grimes, Leon, Madison, and Washington.

Contents

College Station is home to the main campus of Texas A&M University, the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System. The city owes both its name and existence to the university's location along a railroad. Texas A&M's triple designation as a Land-, Sea-, and Space-Grant institution reflects the broad scope of the research endeavors it brings to the city, with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as NASA, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research.

Texas A&M University public research university in College Station, Texas, United States

Texas A&M University is a public research university in College Station, Texas, United States. Since 1948, it has been the founding member of the Texas A&M University System. The Texas A&M system endowment is among the 10 largest endowments in the nation. As of 2017, Texas A&M's student body is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States. Texas A&M's designation as a land, sea, and space grant institution–the only university in Texas to hold all three designations–reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research. In 2001, Texas A&M was inducted as a member of the Association of American Universities. The school's students, alumni—over 450,000 strong—and sports teams are known as Aggies. The Texas A&M Aggies athletes compete in 18 varsity sports as a member of the Southeastern Conference.

Texas A&M University System

The Texas A&M University System is a state university system in Texas and is one of the state's six independent university systems.

Land-grant university institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890

A land-grant university is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

Due largely to the presence of Texas A&M University, College Station was named by Money magazine in 2006 as the most educated city in Texas, and the 11th-most educated city in the United States. [4]

<i>Money</i> (magazine) magazine

Money is a magazine that is published by Meredith Corporation.

History

The origins of College Station date from 1860, when the Houston and Texas Central Railway began to build through the region. [5] Eleven years later, the site was chosen as the location for the proposed Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, a land-grant school. [5] In 1876, as the nation celebrated its centennial, the school (renamed Texas A&M University in 1963) opened its doors as the first public institution of higher education in the state of Texas. [5]

The Houston and Texas Central Railway (H&TC), operated by the Houston and Texas Central Railway Company, was a railway system in Texas.

A centennial is a 100th anniversary or otherwise relates to a century, a period of 100 years.

The population of College Station grew slowly, reaching 350 in 1884 and 391 at the turn of the century. [5] However, during this time, transportation improvements took place in the town. In 1900, the I&GN Railroad was extended to College Station [6] (the line was abandoned by the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company in 1965), [7] and 10 years later, electric interurban service was established between Texas A&M and the neighboring town of Bryan. [5] The interurban was replaced by a city bus system in the 1920s. [5]

International–Great Northern Railroad defunct American railroad company

The International – Great Northern Railroad (I&GN) was a railroad that operated in the U.S. state of Texas. It was created on September 30, 1873, when International Railroad and the Houston and Great Northern Railroad merged. The railroad was officially incorporated as the International & Great Northern Railroad Company.

Missouri Pacific Railroad defunct American Class I railroad

The Missouri Pacific Railroad, commonly abbreviated as MoPac and nicknamed The Mop, was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River. MoPac was a Class I railroad growing from dozens of predecessors and mergers, including the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway (SLIMS), Texas and Pacific Railway (TP), Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad (C&EI), St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway (SLBM), Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (KO&G), Midland Valley Railroad (MV), San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad (SAU&G), Gulf Coast Lines (GC), International-Great Northern Railroad (IGN), New Orleans, Texas and Mexico Railway (NOTM), Missouri-Illinois Railroad (MI), as well as the small Central Branch Railway, and joint ventures such as the Alton and Southern Railroad (AS).

Interurban

The interurban is a type of electric railway, with streetcar-like light electric self-propelled railcars which run within and between cities or towns. They were prevalent in North America between 1900 and 1925 and were used primarily for passenger travel between cities and their surrounding suburban and rural communities. Limited examples existed in Europe and Asia. Interurban as a term encompassed the companies, their infrastructure, and the cars that ran on the rails.

In 1930, the community to the north of College Station, known as North Oakwood, was incorporated as part of Bryan. [5] College Station did not incorporate until 1938 with John H. Binney as the first mayor. [5] Within a year, the city established a zoning commission, and by 1940, the population had reached 2,184. [5]

Zoning describes the control by authority of the use of land, and of the buildings thereon

Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited. In addition, the sizes, bulk, and placement of buildings may be regulated. The type of zone determines whether planning permission for a given development is granted. Zoning may specify a variety of outright and conditional uses of land. It may also indicate the size and dimensions of land area as well as the form and scale of buildings. These guidelines are set in order to guide urban growth and development.

The city grew under the leadership of Ernest Langford, called by some the "Father of College Station", who began a 26-year stretch as mayor in 1942. Early in his first term, the city adopted a council-manager system of city government. [5]

Population growth accelerated following World War II as the nonstudent population reached 7,898 in 1950, 11,396 in 1960, 17,676 in 1970, 30,449 in 1980, 52,456 in 1990, and 67,890 in 2000. [5] The population for the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area crossed 270,000 people in 2018.

In the 1990s, College Station and Texas A&M University drew national attention when the George Bush Presidential Library opened in 1997 and, more tragically, when 12 people were killed and 27 injured when the Aggie Bonfire collapsed while being constructed in 1999.

Geography

College Station is located south of the center of Brazos County at 30°36′5″N96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444 (30.601433, -96.314464). [8] It is bordered by the city of Bryan to the northwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 sq mi (128.5 km2), of which 49.4 sq mi (128.0 km2) is land and 0.19 sq mi (0.5 km2), or 0.35%, is covered by water. [2]

Climate

The local climate is subtropical and temperate and winters are mild with periods of low temperatures usually lasting less than two months.

Snow and ice are rare; most recently, College Station received 5 inches (13 cm) of snowfall on December 7, 2017. [9]

Summers are hot and humid with occasional showers being the only real variation in weather. [10]

Climate data for College Station, Texas (Easterwood Airport), 1981–2010 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1882–present [lower-alpha 2]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)90
(32)
99
(37)
96
(36)
98
(37)
101
(38)
108
(42)
110
(43)
110
(43)
112
(44)
102
(39)
94
(34)
89
(32)
112
(44)
Mean maximum °F (°C)78.5
(25.8)
81.5
(27.5)
85.2
(29.6)
89.2
(31.8)
93.5
(34.2)
97.3
(36.3)
100.1
(37.8)
102.3
(39.1)
98.7
(37.1)
92.6
(33.7)
84.7
(29.3)
79.5
(26.4)
103.4
(39.7)
Average high °F (°C)61.0
(16.1)
64.8
(18.2)
71.7
(22.1)
78.9
(26.1)
85.8
(29.9)
91.7
(33.2)
94.8
(34.9)
96.2
(35.7)
90.5
(32.5)
81.4
(27.4)
71.0
(21.7)
62.3
(16.8)
79.2
(26.2)
Average low °F (°C)41.2
(5.1)
44.4
(6.9)
51.0
(10.6)
58.1
(14.5)
66.6
(19.2)
72.7
(22.6)
74.6
(23.7)
74.5
(23.6)
69.4
(20.8)
60.3
(15.7)
50.5
(10.3)
42.2
(5.7)
58.9
(14.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C)24.9
(−3.9)
26.7
(−2.9)
32.2
(0.1)
40.1
(4.5)
52.4
(11.3)
64.1
(17.8)
69.0
(20.6)
68.5
(20.3)
54.9
(12.7)
42.5
(5.8)
32.8
(0.4)
24.9
(−3.9)
20.3
(−6.5)
Record low °F (°C)−3
(−19)
1
(−17)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
42
(6)
53
(12)
60
(16)
55
(13)
41
(5)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
2
(−17)
−3
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.24
(82)
2.85
(72)
3.17
(81)
2.66
(68)
4.33
(110)
4.45
(113)
2.14
(54)
2.68
(68)
3.18
(81)
4.91
(125)
3.22
(82)
3.23
(82)
40.06
(1,018)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)8.48.18.36.58.38.55.75.86.77.68.18.890.8
Source: NOAA [12] [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1940 2,184
1950 7,925262.9%
1960 11,39643.8%
1970 17,67655.1%
1980 37,272110.9%
1990 52,45640.7%
2000 67,89029.4%
2010 93,85738.2%
Est. 2018118,064 [14] 25.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
2013 Estimate [16]

As of the census of 2000, 67,890 people, 24,691 households, and 10,370 families resided in the city. Of the 24,691 households, 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.0% were not families. About 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was distributed as 14.4% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 9.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

The median income for a household[ clarification needed ] in the city was $21,180, and for a family[ clarification needed ] was $53,147. Males had a median income of $38,216 versus $26,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,170. About 15.4% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The city of College Station has a council-manager form of government. Voters elect the members of a city council, who pass laws and make policy. The council hires a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day operations of the city and its public services. [17]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Bryan District Parole Office in College Station. [18]

The United States Postal Service operates the College Station and Northgate College Station post offices. [19] [20]

Districts

Northgate

Northgate is a mixed-use district north of Texas A&M University that features a combination of businesses, restaurants, apartments, churches, and entertainment. It is a vibrant part of the city known for its eclectic mix of restaurants and bars. [21] [22] A large portion of the stores, bars, and restaurants in Northgate are frequented and patronized by Texas A&M students, and the establishments employ A&M students, as well. [22] In total, the district spans about 145 acres (0.59 km2), bounded by Wellborn Road to the west, South College Avenue to the east, the College Station city limits to the north, and University Drive to the south. The district is the home of the Dixie Chicken and of the first Texas location for the regional fast-food chain Freebirds World Burrito.

Northgate's roots started in the 1930s as the city began enjoying rapid population growth from the influx of Texas A&M University students, professors, and their families. Realizing that proximity to the campus would be a boon for revenues, the first business district was established in College Station near the campus, taking its name for the closest on-campus landmark: the north gate. When the city was incorporated in 1938, its first City Hall was opened in the new district. In 1994, restoration efforts began to revitalize the ailing area. A four-day music festival, "North By Northgate", was introduced in 1998 and has become an annual tradition, renamed the "Northgate Music Festival" in 2002. In 2006, the city council incorporated Northgate as a special tax zone to finance additional improvements and expansions. [23]

Live music is a major draw to the Northgate area, with venues such as Church Street BBQ and Hurricane Harry's consistently providing evening concerts. Many well-known musicians, especially in the Texas country music scene, have gotten their starts playing on the porches and stages found in the Northgate area. Notable names include Robert Earl Keen, Grammy award-winner Lyle Lovett, Dub Miller, and Roger Creager. The district is bisected to the north by Church Street, made famous by the Robert Earl Keen and Lyle Lovett duet "The Front Porch Song".

Wolf Pen Creek District

View of the Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station.jpg
View of the Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station

Wolf Pen Creek District is a large commercial development adjacent to Post Oak Mall and between two of the city's main commercial thoroughfares: Earl Rudder Freeway and Texas Avenue. The area consists of a greenway with trails, a $1.5 million amphitheater and entertainment area, a small lake, the Spirit Ice Arena, and is the home of the Arts Council of the Brazos Valley. The amphitheater has hosted a variety of musical events, including the annual Starlight Music Series, a concert series that starts in late spring and runs through late summer. Wolf Pen often has sidewalk for a scenic run that when completed is about 1 mi (2 km).

Wellborn District

Wellborn became a community in 1867 as a construction camp on the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. The town's name has been attributed to a well at the construction camp, a foreman named E.W. Wellborn, or a landowner named W.W. Willburn. Also in 1867, a post office opened in the community under the name Wellborn Station. In 1870, the name was shortened to Wellborn. [24] On April 14, 2011, the City Council of College Station voted 5-2 to annex Wellborn, thus making the community the Wellborn district. Wellborn is often mispronounced as well-born but is pronounced by locals as Well-burn. [25]

Business parks

Transportation

Mass transit

Major roads

Railroads

Airport

Easterwood Airport, owned by Texas A&M, is located three miles (5 km) southwest of College Station and has flights to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston.

Economy

As of May 2008, the local unemployment hovered around 3 to 4%, among the lowest in Texas. This rate is largely attributed to the significant role the university plays in the local economy. [26] [27] However, underemployment is an ongoing issue. [28]

Major employers

Headquarters

Until its 2007 acquisition by Tavistock Group, Freebirds World Burrito had its corporate headquarters in College Station. [30] [31]

Post Oak Mall

Post Oak Mall was the city's first mall and is currently the largest mall in the Brazos Valley. The 82-acre (330,000 m2) mall is home to 125 stores; its opening on February 17, 1982, helped create the impetus for growing economic and commercial developments for College Station. [32] It is currently the largest taxpayer in College Station and the second-largest in the Brazos Valley, though the anchor stores are free-standing units that are privately owned and taxed separate from the mall proper. [33] Over 75% of retail sales in the Brazos Valley come from sales at the mall's stores. [32]

Sports facilities

Media and journalism

Television stations

Local channels are NBC affiliate KAGS-LD, CBS affiliate KBTX, ABC affiliate KRHD-CD, Fox affiliate KYLE-TV, and PBS affiliate KAMU, which is owned by Texas A&M University.

Radio stations

College Station is part of the Bryan-College Station Arbitron market #238.

Area newspapers

Area magazines

Healthcare

Education

Local colleges and universities

Local school districts

A&M Consolidated High School A&M Consolidated High School Main Entrance.jpg
A&M Consolidated High School

Tallest buildings

Surrounding cities

Nearest cities

Nearest major cities

Notable people

The following people have lived or are currently living in College Station:

Points of interest

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. Official records for College Station have been kept at Easterwood Airport since August 1951 and at an undisclosed location 6 mi (9.7 km) to the southwest of the city center from May 1, 1882 until July 1951. [11]

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  2. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): College Station city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  3. Clark, Caitlin (August 21, 2018). "College Station council looks at growth in budget workshops". The Eagle. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  4. "Top 25 most educated cities". Money Magazine. 2006. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Odintz, Mark. "College Station, Texas". Texas State Historical Association . Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  6. "A Guide to Historic Brazos County" (PDF). Brazos Heritage Society. 2003. p. 25. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
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  9. Matthews, Blake (December 8, 2017). "Record snow blankets Houston and Texas". KHOU-TV .
  10. https://www.usclimatedata.com/climate/college-station/texas/united-states/ustx2165
  11. "Threaded Extremes". threadex.rcc-acis.org.
  12. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  13. "Station Name: TX COLLEGE STN". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  14. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  15. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  16. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" . Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  17. "City of College Station : Type Of Government". cstx.gov.
  18. "Parole Division Region I Archived September 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  19. "Post Office Location - COLLEGE STATION Archived 2010-05-19 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  20. "Post Office Location - NORTHGATE COLLEGE STATION Archived 2010-05-19 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
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