List of Texas state symbols

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Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America Map of USA TX.svg
Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America

The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas .

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Texas U.S. state in the United States

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.


Official designations and symbols

TypeSymbolDate designatedImage
Motto "Friendship"1930 [1]
Nickname "The Lone Star State" [2]
Flag The Lone Star Flag June 30, 1839 Flag of Texas.png
National seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839 Seal of the Republic of Texas (1836).svg
State seal Seal of Texas December 29, 1845 Seal of Texas.svg
Reverse of the sealAugust 26, 1961 Seal of Texas (reverse).svg
National coat of arms Coat of arms of the Republic of TexasJanuary 25, 1839 Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas.svg
State coat of arms Coat of arms of Texas 1993 State Arms of Texas.svg
National guard crestCrest of the Texas National Guard February 18, 1924 Texas National Guard crest.svg
Flower Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis)March 1901 [3] Bluebonnet-8100.jpg
Tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)1906 EvermanPark.JPG
Soil Houston Black
Bird Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)1927 Mimus-polyglottos-002 edit.jpg
Song "Texas, Our Texas"1929
Mammal (small) Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)1927 Dasypus novemcinctus.jpg
Mammal (large) Texas Longhorn 1995 Texas Longhorn cow.jpg
Mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)1995 Tadarida brasiliensis.jpg
Dog Blue Lacy June 18, 2005 BlueLacyPhoto1.jpg

Other official designations

Texas centennial half dollar commemorative Texas centennial half dollar commemorative obverse.jpg
Texas centennial half dollar commemorative
Texas quarter reverse Texas quarter, reverse side, 2004.png
Texas quarter reverse
TypeSymbolDate DesignatedImage
Air force Commemorative Air Force
Bread Pan de campo
Cooking implement Dutch oven Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg
Dinosaur Sauroposeidon
Dish Chili 1977 Bowl of Chili No Beans.jpg
Domino game Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
Fiber and fabric Cotton 1997 [4] CottonPlant.JPG
Fish Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)1989 Guadalupe bass - Micropterus treculii.jpg
Folk dance Square dance 1991
FruitTexas red grapefruit 1993 Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg
Gem Texas blue topaz 1969
Gemstone cutLone Star Cut [5] Texasstargem.jpg
Grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)1971 Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
Insect Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)1995 Monarch In May.jpg
Molecule Buckyball or Buckminsterfullerene, C60 C60a.png
Music Western swing
Musical instrument Acoustic guitar Guitar 1.jpg
Nut Native Pecan 1919 Pecan-nuts-on-tree.jpg
Pepper (native) Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) Chiltepin mexico sonora.jpg
Pepper (other) Jalapeño 1995 Illustration Capsicum annuum0.jpg
Plant Prickly pear cactus 1995 Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
Play Fort Griffin Fandangle , The Lone Star, Texas , Beyond Sundown
Reptile Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog.1993 TexasHornedLizard.jpg
Shell Lightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi)1987 Welk2.jpg
Ship The battleship USS Texas (BB-35) USS Texas BB-35.jpg
Shrub Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) Lagerstroemia indica.jpg
Shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens) Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg
Slogan"The Friendly State"1930
Snack Tortilla chips and salsa 1995
Sport Rodeo 1997 [4] Bull-Riding2-Szmurlo.jpg
Stone Petrified palmwood Petrified-Forest-Chemnitz4.JPG
Tartan Texas Bluebonnet TartanMay 25, 1989 Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg
Pastry Strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
VegetableTexas sweet onion 1997

Pledge to the Texas flag

A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.

Honor the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,
one and indivisible. [6]


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought. USS Texas 1.jpg
USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 336,978 personnel on active duty and 101,583 in the Ready Reserve, the U.S. Navy is the third largest of the U.S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 290 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of June 2019, making it the third-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force and the United States Army.

Confederate States Navy maritime warfare branch of the Confederate States military

The Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861. It was responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the Union Navy / United States Navy.

CSS Texas is the name of two ships in the Confederate States Navy:

USS <i>Texas</i> (1892) second-class battleship of the United States Navy

USS Texas was a second-class battleship built by the United States in the early 1890s, the first American battleship commissioned and the first ship named in honor of the state of Texas to be built by the United States. Built in reaction to the acquisition of modern armored warships by several South American countries, Texas was meant to incorporate the latest developments in naval tactics and design. This includes the mounting of her main armament en echelon to allow maximum end-on fire and a heavily-armored redoubt amidships to ensure defensive strength. However, due to the state of U.S. industry at the time, Texas's building time was lengthy, and by the time she was commissioned, she was already out of date. Nevertheless, she and her near-sister USS Maine were considered advancements in American naval design.

USS <i>Texas</i> (BB-35) United States national historic site

USS Texas (BB-35), the second ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the U.S. state of Texas, is a New York-class battleship. The ship was launched on 18 May 1912 and commissioned on 12 March 1914.

See also

Outline of Texas Overview of and topical guide to Texas

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Texas:

Related Research Articles

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  1. "State Nicknames South Dakota - Wyoming".
  2. Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  3. 1 2 "Texas State Symbols - Texas State Library and Archives Commission - TSLAC".
  4. State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  5. Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library