List of Texas state symbols

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Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America Map of USA TX.svg
Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America

The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas .

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.


Official designations and symbols

TypeSymbolDate designatedImage
State flower Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis)March 1901 [1]
State motto "Friendship"1930 [2]
State nickname "The Lone Star State" [3]
State flag The Lone Star Flag June 30, 1839
Flag of Texas.svg
National seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
Seal of the Republic of Texas (1836).svg
State seal Seal of Texas December 29, 1845
Seal of Texas.svg
Reverse of the sealAugust 26, 1961
Seal of Texas (reverse).svg
National coat of arms Coat of arms of the Republic of TexasJanuary 25, 1839
Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas.svg
State coat of arms Coat of arms of Texas 1993
State Arms of Texas.svg
National guard crestCrest of the Texas National Guard February 18, 1924
Texas National Guard crest.svg
State tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)1906
Pecan tree in Abilene, Texas EvermanPark.JPG
Pecan tree in Abilene, Texas
State soil Houston Black
State bird Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)1927
Mimus-polyglottos-002 edit.jpg
State song "Texas, Our Texas"1929
State mammal (small) Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)1927
Dasypus novemcinctus.jpg
State mammal (large) Texas Longhorn 1995
Texas Longhorn cow.jpg
State mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)1995
Tadarida brasiliensis.jpg
State dog Blue Lacy June 18, 2005
Blue lacy working.jpg

Other official designations

TypeSymbolDate DesignatedImage
State air force Commemorative Air Force
State bread Pan de campo
State cooking implement Dutch oven
Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg
State dinosaur Paluxysuaurus Jonesi, Sauroposeidon
State dish Chili 1977
Bowl of Chili No Beans.jpg
State domino game Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
State fiber and fabric Cotton
State fish Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)1989
Guadalupe bass - Micropterus treculii.jpg
State folk dance Square dance 1991
State fruitTexas red grapefruit 1993
Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg
State gem Texas blue topaz 1969
State gemstone cutLone Star Cut [4]
Texasstargem Texasstargem.jpg
State grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)1971
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
State insect Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)1995
Monarch In May.jpg
State molecule Buckyball or Buckminsterfullerene, C60
State music Western swing
Musical instrument Acoustic guitar
Guitar 1.jpg
State nut Native Pecan 1919
State pepper (native) Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Chiltepin mexico sonora.jpg
State pepper (other) Jalapeño 1995
Illustration Capsicum annuum0.jpg
State plant Prickly pear cactus 1995
Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
State plays Fort Griffin Fandangle , The Lone Star, Texas , Beyond Sundown
State reptile Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog.1993
State shell Lightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi)1987
State ship The battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
USS Texas BB-35.jpg
State shrub Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Lagerstroemia indica.jpg
State shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)
Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg
State slogan"The Friendly State"1930
State snack Tortilla chips and salsa 1995
State sport Rodeo 1997 [5]
State stone Petrified palmwood
State tartan Texas Bluebonnet TartanMay 25, 1989
Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg
State pastries Strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
State vegetableTexas sweet onion 1997
Texas centennial half dollar commemorative Texas centennial half dollar commemorative obverse.jpg
Texas centennial half dollar commemorative
Texas quarter reverse Texas quarter, reverse side, 2004.png
Texas quarter reverse

Pledge to the Texas flag

A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.

Honor the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,
one and indivisible. [6]


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought. USS Texas 1.jpg
USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.

Confederate States Navy Naval force of the Confederate States of America

The Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861. It was responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the Union Navy / United States Navy.

CSS Texas is the name of two ships in the Confederate States Navy:

USS <i>Texas</i> (1892) second-class battleship of the United States Navy

USS Texas was a second-class battleship built by the United States in the early 1890s, the first American battleship commissioned and the first ship named in honor of the state of Texas to be built by the United States. Built in reaction to the acquisition of modern armored warships by several South American countries, Texas was meant to incorporate the latest developments in naval tactics and design. This includes the mounting of her main armament en echelon to allow maximum end-on fire and a heavily-armored redoubt amidships to ensure defensive strength. However, due to the state of U.S. industry at the time, Texas's building time was lengthy, and by the time she was commissioned, she was already out of date. Nevertheless, she and her near-sister USS Maine were considered advancements in American naval design.

USS <i>Texas</i> (BB-35) battleship

USS Texas (BB-35), the second ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the U.S. state of Texas, is a New York-class battleship. The ship was launched on 18 May 1912 and commissioned on 12 March 1914.

See also

Outline of Texas Overview of and topical guide to Texas

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Texas:

Related Research Articles

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  1. Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  2. "State Nicknames South Dakota - Wyoming".
  3. State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  4. "Texas State Symbols - Texas State Library and Archives Commission - TSLAC".
  5. Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library