The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas .
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
|State flower||Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis)||March 1901|
|State nickname||"The Lone Star State"|
|State flag||The Lone Star Flag||June 30, 1839|
|National seal||Seal of the Republic of Texas||January 25, 1839|
|State seal||Seal of Texas||December 29, 1845|
|Reverse of the seal||August 26, 1961|
|National coat of arms||Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas||January 25, 1839|
|State coat of arms||Coat of arms of Texas||1993|
|National guard crest||Crest of the Texas National Guard||February 18, 1924|
|State tree||Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)||1906|
|State soil||Houston Black|
|State bird||Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)||1927|
|State song||"Texas, Our Texas"||1929|
|State mammal (small)||Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)||1927|
|State mammal (large)||Texas Longhorn||1995|
|State mammal (flying)||Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)||1995|
|State dog||Blue Lacy||June 18, 2005|
|State air force||Commemorative Air Force|
|State bread||Pan de campo|
|State cooking implement||Dutch oven|
|State dinosaur||Paluxysuaurus Jonesi, Sauroposeidon|
|State domino game||Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps|
|State fiber and fabric||Cotton|
|State fish||Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)||1989|
|State folk dance||Square dance||1991|
|State fruit||Texas red grapefruit||1993|
|State gem||Texas blue topaz||1969|
|State gemstone cut||Lone Star Cut|
|State grass||Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)||1971|
|State insect||Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)||1995|
|State molecule||Buckyball or Buckminsterfullerene, C60|
|State music||Western swing|
|Musical instrument||Acoustic guitar|
|State nut||Native Pecan||1919|
|State pepper (native)||Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)|
|State pepper (other)||Jalapeño||1995|
|State plant||Prickly pear cactus||1995|
|State plays||Fort Griffin Fandangle , The Lone Star, Texas , Beyond Sundown|
|State reptile||Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog.||1993|
|State shell||Lightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi)||1987|
|State ship||The battleship USS Texas (BB-35)|
|State shrub||Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)|
|State shrub (native)||Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)|
|State slogan||"The Friendly State"||1930|
|State snack||Tortilla chips and salsa||1995|
|State stone||Petrified palmwood|
|State tartan||Texas Bluebonnet Tartan||May 25, 1989|
|State pastries||Strudel and sopaipilla||2003-2005|
|State vegetable||Texas sweet onion||1997|
A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.
Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.
The Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861. It was responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the Union Navy / United States Navy.
CSS Texas is the name of two ships in the Confederate States Navy:
USS Texas was a second-class battleship built by the United States in the early 1890s, the first American battleship commissioned and the first ship named in honor of the state of Texas to be built by the United States. Built in reaction to the acquisition of modern armored warships by several South American countries, Texas was meant to incorporate the latest developments in naval tactics and design. This includes the mounting of her main armament en echelon to allow maximum end-on fire and a heavily-armored redoubt amidships to ensure defensive strength. However, due to the state of U.S. industry at the time, Texas's building time was lengthy, and by the time she was commissioned, she was already out of date. Nevertheless, she and her near-sister USS Maine were considered advancements in American naval design.
USS Texas (BB-35), the second ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the U.S. state of Texas, is a New York-class battleship. The ship was launched on 18 May 1912 and commissioned on 12 March 1914.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Texas:
The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an expression of allegiance to the flag of the United States and the republic of the United States of America. It was originally composed by Captain George Thatcher Balch, a Union Army Officer during the Civil War and later a teacher of patriotism in New York City schools. The form of the pledge used today was largely devised by Francis Bellamy in 1892, and formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942. The official name of The Pledge of Allegiance was adopted in 1945. The most recent alteration of its wording came on Flag Day in 1954, when the words "under God" were added.
USS Texas (SSN-775) is a Virginia-class submarine, and the fourth warship of the United States Navy to be named after the U.S. state of Texas.
The flag of the state of Michigan depicts the state's coat of arms on a dark blue field, as set forth by Michigan state law. The state has an official flag month from June 14 through July 14.
The flag of Texas is the official flag of the U.S. state of Texas. It is well known for its prominent single white star which gives the flag its commonly-used name: "Lone Star Flag". This lone star, in turn, gives rise to the state's nickname: "The Lone Star State." The flag, flown at homes and businesses statewide, is highly popular among Texans and is treated with a great degree of reverence and esteem within Texas.
The flag of South Korea, also known as the Taegukgi, has three parts: a white rectangular background, a red and blue Taegeuk in its center, and four black trigrams one toward each corner. The first pattern of Taegukgi is made by Kojong. Taegeukgi was used as the official flag of Joseon, the Korean Empire and the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and has continued to be used as the official flag even after the establishment of the Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948.
The flags of the U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia exhibit a variety of regional influences and local histories, as well as different styles and design principles. Nonetheless, the majority of the states' flags share the same design pattern consisting of the state seal superimposed on a monochrome background, commonly every different shade of blue.
The flag of the Commonwealth of Kentucky was adopted on March 26, 1918.
The flag of Louisiana consists of a "pelican in her piety," the heraldic charge representing a mother pelican "in her nest feeding her young with her blood[,]" on an azure field with state motto reworded to "Union Justice Confidence." First adopted in 1912, it was last modified in 2010.
The flag of the state of South Dakota the sun represents the common weather in South Dakota. Represents the U.S. state of South Dakota with a field of sky blue charged with a version of the state seal in the center, surrounded by gold triangles representing the sun's rays, surrounded in turn by inscriptions in gold sans-serif capitals of "south dakota" on top and "the mount rushmore state" on the bottom. The inscription on the bottom was "the sunshine state" before it was changed in 1992.
The First Navy Jack is the current naval jack of the United States, authorized by the U.S. Navy and is flown from the jackstaff of commissioned vessels of the U.S. Navy while moored pierside or at anchor. The design is traditionally regarded as that of the first U.S. naval jack flown in the earliest years of the republic.
The Gadsden flag is a historical American flag with a yellow field depicting a rattlesnake coiled and ready to strike. Positioned below the rattlesnake are the words "DONT TREAD ON ME." The flag is named after American general and politician Christopher Gadsden (1724–1805), who designed it in 1775 during the American Revolution. It was used by the Continental Marines as an early motto flag, along with the Moultrie flag.
This article describes the evolution of the flag of the United States of America, as well as other flags used within the country, such as the flags of governmental agencies. There are also separate flags for embassies and boats.
Hispanics in the United States Navy can trace their tradition of naval military service to men such as Lieutenant Jordi Farragut Mesquida, who served in the American Revolution. Hispanics, such as Seaman Philip Bazaar and Seaman John Ortega, have distinguished themselves in combat and have been awarded the Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration of the United States. Hispanics have also reached the top ranks of the navy, serving their country in sensitive leadership positions on domestic and foreign shores. Among those who have reached the highest ranks in the navy are Commodore Uriah Phillips Levy, of Sephardic and Ashkenazic Jewish descent, who participated in the War of 1812 as an assistant Sailing master; Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, for whom the rank of admiral in the U.S. Navy was created during the American Civil War; and Admiral Horacio Rivero, who led the navy during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
James A. Symonds is an American retired rear admiral of the United States Navy who last served as Commander, Navy Region Northwest, based in Silverdale, Washington. He was the former Commanding Officer of the USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76). He had a prominent, symbolic role in the state funeral of former United States President Ronald Reagan in 2004.