List of U.S. state soils

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This is a list of U.S. state soils. A state soil is a soil that has special significance to a particular state. Each state in the United States has selected a state soil, twenty of which have been legislatively established. These official state soils share the same level of distinction as official state flowers and birds. Also, representative soils have been selected for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. [1]

Soil mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life. Earth's body of soil, called the pedosphere, has four important functions:

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

Table

State
federal district
or territory
State soilImageYear adopted as official
state symbol (if any)
Alabama Bama Bama soil.png 1997 [2]
Alaska Tanana
Arizona Casa Grande
Arkansas Stuttgart 1997
California San Joaquin SanJoaquinProfileSmall.png 1997
Colorado Seitz Sloan Lake View from American Basin Trail.jpg
Connecticut Windsor proposed [3]
Delaware Greenwich 2000
Florida Myakka Myakka soil.jpg 1989
Georgia Tifton
Hawaii Hilo Hilo soil profile.jpg
Idaho Threebear
Illinois Drummer 2001
Indiana Miami Miami soil profile.jpg
Iowa Tama
Kansas Harney 1990
Kentucky Crider 1990
Louisiana Ruston
Maine Chesuncook (soil) 1999
Maryland Sassafras
Massachusetts Paxton 1990
Michigan Kalkaska 1990
Minnesota Lester Lester soil USDA.png 2012
Mississippi Natchez 2003
Missouri Menfro Menfro soil USDA 1.jpg
Montana Scobey
Scobey Soil profile Scobey soil.jpg
Scobey Soil profile
2015 [4]
Nebraska Holdrege (soil) 1979
Nevada Orovada 2001
New Hampshire Marlow [5]
New Jersey Downer
New Mexico Penistaja
New York Honeoye
North Carolina Cecil Cecil-soil.jpg
North Dakota Williams
Ohio Miamian
Oklahoma Port Silt Loam Oklahoma state soil.JPG 1987
Oregon Jory JorySoilProfile.jpg 2011 [6] [7]
Pennsylvania Hazleton (soil)
Puerto Rico Bayamon
Rhode Island Narragansett
South Carolina Bohicket
South Dakota Houdek Houdek soil.jpg 1990
Tennessee Dickson
Texas Houston Black
Utah Mivida [8]
Vermont Tunbridge 1985
Virgin Islands Victory
Virginia Pamunkey
Washington Tokul Tokul Soil.png proposed [9]
West Virginia Monongahela 1997
Wisconsin Antigo Antigo (soil).jpg 1983
Wyoming Forkwood

See also

Related Research Articles

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National Cooperative Soil Survey nationwide partnership of agencies and institutions working to cooperatively investigate, document, classify, and interpret soils to disseminate and promote the use of information about the soils of the United States and its trust territories

The National Cooperative Soil Survey (NCSS) in the United States is a nationwide partnership of federal, regional, state, and local agencies and institutions. This partnership works together to cooperatively investigate, inventory, document, classify, and interpret soils and to disseminate, publish, and promote the use of information about the soils of the United States and its trust territories. The activities of the NCSS are carried out on national, regional, and state levels.

Orovada series soil is the official state soil of Nevada. The soil series has an extent of 367,853 acres (148,865 ha), primarily in northern and central Nevada, and extending into southern Idaho and Oregon. They are common soils on semiarid rangeland with sagebrush-grassland plant communities. Orovada soils are arable, able to be cultivated, when irrigated and are considered prime farmland. Alfalfa for hay and seed, winter wheat, barley, and grasses for hay and pasture are the principal crops grown on these soils.

Klamath Basin

The Klamath Basin is the region in the U.S. states of Oregon and California drained by the Klamath River. It contains most of Klamath County and parts of Lake and Jackson counties in Oregon, and parts of Del Norte, Humboldt, Modoc, Siskiyou, and Trinity counties in California. The 15,751-square-mile (40,790 km2) drainage basin is 35% in Oregon and 65% in California. In Oregon, the watershed typically lies east of the Cascade Range, while California contains most of the river's segment that passes through the mountains. In the Oregon-far northern California segment of the river, the watershed is semi-desert at lower elevations and dry alpine in the upper elevations. In the western part of the basin, in California, however, the climate is more of temperate rainforest, and the Trinity River watershed consists of a more typical alpine climate.

Bama (soil) soil type

Bama is the official state soil of Alabama.

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Buffer strip

A buffer strip is an area of land maintained in permanent vegetation that helps to control air, soil, and water quality, along with other environmental problems, dealing primarily on land that is used in agriculture. Buffer strips trap sediment, and enhance filtration of nutrients and pesticides by slowing down runoff that could enter the local surface waters. The root systems of the planted vegetation in these buffers hold soil particles together which alleviate the soil of wind erosion and stabilize stream banks providing protection against substantial erosion and landslides. Farmers can also use buffer strips to square up existing crop fields to provide safety for equipment while also farming more efficiently.

Conservation Effects Assessment Project

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Jory (soil) soil type

The Jory series consists of very deep, well-drained soils that formed in colluvium derived from basic igneous rock. These soils are in the foothills surrounding the Willamette Valley of the United States. They have been mapped on more than 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) in western Oregon. They are named after Jory Hill, Marion County, Oregon, which itself is named for the Jory family, who settled in the area in 1852, after traveling along the Oregon Trail.

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Ardilla, Alabama Unincorporated community in Alabama, United States

Ardilla is an unincorporated community in Houston County, Alabama, United States. Ardilla is located along U.S. Route 84, 15.2 miles (24.5 km) east-southeast of Dothan.

Lucy, Alabama Unincorporated community in Alabama, United States

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Wicksburg, Alabama Unincorporated community in Alabama, United States

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McGregor, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania Unincorporated community in Pennsylvania, United States

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References

  1. "State Soils". U.S. Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2007-03-11.
  2. "Official Alabama Soil". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2004-06-15. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
  3. "Windsor - Proposed State Soil". Connecticut Soils. Natural Resources Conservation Service. Archived from the original on 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
  4. "LAWS Detailed Bill Information Page". laws.leg.mt.gov. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  5. "Marlow" . Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  6. "House Concurrent Resolution 3, 2011". Oregon State Legislature. 2011. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
  7. Mapes, Jeff (May 24, 2011). "Jory soil, not just any dirt, is named Oregon's state soil". The Oregonian . Retrieved May 24, 2011.
  8. "Soils | NRCS Utah". www.ut.nrcs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  9. "Tokul -- Washington State Soil" (PDF). State Soils. Natural Resources Conservation Service . Retrieved 2007-03-21.[ permanent dead link ]