List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States

Last updated

As of 2019, there are 568 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States, with the addition of the Green River National Wildlife Refuge. [1] Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest refuge replaces the Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania. [2] [3]

Contents

The United States is divided into eight regions for administrative purposes:

  • Alaska Region (Region 7)

AL | AK | AS | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | GU | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | MP | OH | OK | OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UM | UT | VT | VI | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

Alabama

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge [4] Alabama19806,816 acres (27.58 km2)
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge AlabamaSeptember 25, 20022,997 acres (12.13 km2) [5]
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge Alabama19644,218 acres (17.07 km2)
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Alabama
Georgia
196411,184 acres (45.26 km2) [6]
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama1981199 acres (0.81 km2)
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge AlabamaJanuary 3, 19971,060 acres (4.3 km2) [7]
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge AlabamaMay 29, 20039,016 acres (36.49 km2)
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama1978264 acres (1.07 km2)
Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge Alabama198024 acres (0.097 km2)
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge Alabama193835,000 acres (140 km2) [8]

Alaska

Map of National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska.png
Map of National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [9] 3,421,420 acres (13,846.0 km2)
Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 19803,574,259 acres (14,464.51 km2)
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 6, 1960 [10] 19,287,042 acres (78,051.89 km2)
Becharof National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [11] 1,200,419.52 acres (4,857.9254 km2)
Innoko National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [12] 3,850,800.94 acres (15,583.6385 km2)
Izembek National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [13] 315,000 acres (1,270 km2)
Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [14] 1,637,000 acres (6,620 km2)
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980 [14] 1,912,470.47 acres (7,739.4934 km2) [15]
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaAugust 19, 1941 [16] 1,880,891.52 acres (7,611.6979 km2) [15]
Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge Alaska19803,550,159.96 acres (14,366.9876 km2) [15]
Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge Alaska19801,560,239.99 acres (6,314.0672 km2) [15]
Selawik National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 19802,150,561.94 acres (8,703.0154 km2) [15]
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 1980700,286.95 acres (2,833.9607 km2) [15]
Togiak National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 19804,104,246.80 acres (16,609.2975 km2) [15]
Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 198019,226,606.25 acres (77,807.3150 km2) [15]
Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge AlaskaDecember 2, 19808,636,951.06 acres (34,952.5009 km2) [15]

American Samoa

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Rose Atoll National Wildlife Refuge Rose Atoll 197339,066 acres (158.09 km2) [17]

Arizona

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge [4] Arizona1993 [18] 6,105 acres (24.71 km2)
Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge Arizona1985117,107 acres (473.92 km2)
Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge Arizona1939860,010 acres (3,480.3 km2)
Cibola National Wildlife Refuge Arizona196416,627 acres (67.29 km2)
Havasu National Wildlife Refuge Arizona194137,515 acres (151.82 km2)
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge Arizona194125,768 acres (104.28 km2) [19]
Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Arizona1939665,400 acres (2,693 km2)
Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge Arizona19882,770 acres (11.2 km2)
San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge Arizona19822,309 acres (9.34 km2)

Arkansas

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge White County, Arkansas 199315,022 acres (60.79 km2) [20]
Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge Mississippi County, Arkansas 191511,038 acres (44.67 km2) [21]
Cache River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas198667,500 acres (273 km2) [22]
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas197064,902 acres (262.65 km2)
Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge Pope and Yell Counties, Arkansas19577,057 acres (28.56 km2) [23]
Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge ArkansasMarch 14, 1989123 acres (0.50 km2) [24]
Overflow National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas198013,973 acres (56.55 km2) [25]
Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas199427,300 acres (110 km2)
Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge Crittenden County, Arkansas January 19615,484 acres (22.19 km2)
White River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas1935160,756 acres (650.56 km2)

California

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge Contra Costa County 198055 acres (0.22 km2) [26]
Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge Kern County 198514,097 acres (57.05 km2) [27]
Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Tulare County 1982897 acres (3.63 km2) [28]
Butte Sink Wildlife Management Area Butte/Colusa/Sutter Counties198011,044 acres (44.69 km2) [29]
Castle Rock National Wildlife Refuge Del Norte County 197914 acres (0.057 km2) [30]
Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge Modoc County 191146,460 acres (188.0 km2) [31]
Coachella Valley National Wildlife Refuge Riverside County 19853,709 acres (15.01 km2) [32]
Colusa National Wildlife Refuge Colusa County 19454,507 acres (18.24 km2) [33]
Delevan National Wildlife Refuge Colusa County 19625,797 acres (23.46 km2) [34]
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Alameda/Santa Clara/San Mateo Counties197430,000 acres (120 km2) [35]
Ellicott Slough National Wildlife Refuge Santa Cruz County 1975168 acres (0.68 km2) [36]
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge Farallon Islands, near San Francisco 196941.9 acres (0.170 km2) [37]
Grasslands Wildlife Management Area Merced County 197970,000 acres (280 km2) [38]
Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes National Wildlife Refuge Santa Barbara/San Luis Obispo Counties20002,553 acres (10.33 km2) [39]
Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Ventura County 19742,471 acres (10.00 km2) [40]
Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge
*Lanphere Dunes
Humboldt County 19714,000 acres (16 km2) [41]
Kern National Wildlife Refuge Kern County 19601,249 acres (5.05 km2) [42]
Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Siskiyou County
also in Klamath County, Oregon
190850,913 acres (206.04 km2) [43]
Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge Marin County 1992 [44] -
Merced National Wildlife Refuge Merced County 195110,262 acres (41.53 km2) [45]
Modoc National Wildlife Refuge Modoc County 19617,000 acres (28 km2) [46]
North Central Valley Wildlife Management Area Sacramento Valley 199146,460 acres (188.0 km2) [47]
Pixley National Wildlife Refuge Tulare County 19596,939 acres (28.08 km2) [48]
Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Colusa/Glenn Counties193710,819 acres (43.78 km2) [49]
Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge Butte/Glenn/Tehama Counties198910,146 acres (41.06 km2) [50]
Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge Monterey County 1974316 acres (1.28 km2) [51]
San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County 19992,620 acres (10.6 km2) [52]
San Diego National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County -11,152 acres (45.13 km2) [53]
San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge San Joaquin/Stanislaus Counties19877,000 acres (28 km2) [54]
San Luis National Wildlife Refuge Merced County 196626,600 acres (108 km2) [55]
San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge Napa/Solano/Sonoma Counties197013,190 acres (53.4 km2) [56]
Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge Orange County 1972911 acres (3.69 km2) [57]
Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge Imperial County 19302,200 acres (8.9 km2) [58]
Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Sacramento County 199417,641 acres (71.39 km2) [59]
Sutter National Wildlife Refuge Sutter County 19452,591 acres (10.49 km2) [60]
Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County 19802,521 acres (10.20 km2) [61]
Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge Modoc/Siskiyou Counties192839,116 acres (158.30 km2) [62]
Willow Creek-Lurline Wildlife Management Area Colusa/Glenn Counties19855,795 acres (23.45 km2) [63]

Colorado

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa, Conejos and Costilla County, Colorado199311,169 acres (45.20 km2) [64]
Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County, Colorado 196723,464 acres (94.96 km2) [65]
Baca National Wildlife Refuge Saguache and Alamosa County, Colorado200378,697 acres (318.48 km2)
Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge Moffat County, Colorado 196512,150 acres (49.2 km2) [66]
Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa and Rio Grande County, Colorado195314,800 acres (60 km2) [66]
Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado July 12, 20073,953 acres (16.00 km2)
Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge Adams County, Colorado 199215,988 acres (64.70 km2)
Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado 199272.2 acres (0.292 km2)

Connecticut

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge Connecticut 1972950 acres (3.8 km2) [67]

Delaware

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge Delaware 193716,251 acres (65.77 km2) [68]
Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge Delaware 196310,144 acres (41.05 km2) [69]

District of Columbia

Florida

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County
Indian River County
1991900 acres (3.6 km2) [70]
Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Palm Beach County 1951147,392 acres (596.47 km2) [71]
Caloosahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 192140 acres (0.16 km2) [72]
Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge Levy County 1929891 acres (3.61 km2) [73]
Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge Citrus County
Hernando County
194131,000 acres (130 km2) [74]
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 19806,686 acres (27.06 km2) [75]
Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge Citrus County 198380 acres (0.32 km2) [76]
Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge Hillsborough County 1974450 acres (1.8 km2) [77]
Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area Hardee County
Highlands County
Polk County
1991900 acres (3.6 km2) [78]
Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge Collier County 198926,400 acres (107 km2) [79]
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1938130,187 acres (526.85 km2) [80]
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge Martin County 19691,035 acres (4.19 km2) [81]
Island Bay National Wildlife Refuge Charlotte County 190820 acres (0.081 km2) [82]
J.N. 'Ding' Darling National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 19765,200 acres (21 km2) [83]
Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 19578,542 acres (34.57 km2) [84]
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1908189,497 acres (766.87 km2) [85]
Lake Wales Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Highlands County
Polk County
19901,194 acres (4.83 km2) [86]
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge Lake County
Volusia County
196421,574 acres (87.31 km2) [87]
Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge Dixie County
Levy County
197953,000 acres (210 km2) [88]
Matlacha Pass National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1908538 acres (2.18 km2) [89]
Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County 1963140,000 acres (570 km2) [90]
Passage Key National Wildlife Refuge Manatee County 190564 acres (0.26 km2) [91]
Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge Indian River County 1903-First National Wildlife Refuge in U.S.5,376 acres (21.76 km2) [92]
Pine Island National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1908601 acres (2.43 km2) [93]
Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge Pinellas County 1951394 acres (1.59 km2) [94]
St. Johns National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County 19716,255 acres (25.31 km2) [95]
St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County
Taylor County
Wakulla County
193168,000 acres (280 km2) [96]
St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge Franklin County
Gulf County
196812,490 acres (50.5 km2) [97]
Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge Collier County
Monroe County
199635,000 acres (140 km2) [98]

Georgia

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge Lanier County 19854,049 acres (16.39 km2) [99]
Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 19245,618 acres (22.74 km2) [100]
Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Bibb County
Twiggs County
19896,500 acres (26 km2) [101]
Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 19622,762 acres (11.18 km2) [102]
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Georgia
Florida
1937402,000 acres (1,630 km2) [103]
Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge Jasper County
Jones County
193935,000 acres (140 km2) [104]
Savannah National Wildlife Refuge*Georgia
South Carolina
192729,175 acres (118.07 km2) [105]
Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge* Chatham County 196910,053 acres (40.68 km2) [106]
Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 19305,126 acres (20.74 km2) [107]

Guam

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Guam National Wildlife Refuge Guam19931,203 acres (4.87 km2) [108]

Hawaiʻi

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge Island of Hawaiʻi 198538,047 acres (153.97 km2) [109]
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1972917 acres (3.71 km2) [110]
Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge Hawaiʻi1909245,000 acres (990 km2) [111]
Hulē‘ia National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1973241 acres (0.98 km2) [112]
James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 19761,100 acres (4.5 km2) [113]
Kakahai‘a National Wildlife Refuge Island of Molokaʻi 197744 acres (0.18 km2) [114]
Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge Island of Maui 1992700 acres (2.8 km2) [115]
Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1985203 acres (0.82 km2) [116]
Oahu Forest National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 20004,525 acres (18.31 km2) [117]
Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 197263 acres (0.25 km2) [118]

Idaho

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge* Bear Lake County 196819,000 acres (77 km2) [119]
Camas National Wildlife Refuge* Jefferson County 193710,578 acres (42.81 km2) [120]
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Canyon County
Owyhee County
Payette County
Washington County
Malheur County, Oregon
Baker County, Oregon
190910,548 acres (42.69 km2) [121]
Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge* Bonneville County
Caribou County
196519,400 acres (79 km2) [122]
Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge Boundary County 19642,774 acres (11.23 km2) [123]
Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge* Blaine County
Cassia County
Minidoka County
Power County
190920,751 acres (83.98 km2) [124]
Oxford Slough Waterfowl Production Area Bannock County
Franklin County
19851,878 acres (7.60 km2) [125]

Illinois

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge Mason County 19364,388 acres (17.76 km2) [126]
Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Union County
Williamson County
194743,890 acres (177.6 km2) [127]
Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge Alexander County
Johnson County
Pulaski County
Union County
199016,000 acres (65 km2) [128]
Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge Fulton County 199311,122 acres (45.01 km2) [129]
Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge McHenry County
Walworth County, Wisconsin
201211,200 acres (45 km2) [130]
Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge Cass County
Morgan County
19735,255 acres (21.27 km2) [131]
Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge Illinois
Missouri
20007,000 acres (28 km2) [132]
Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge Illinois
Missouri
19588,501 acres (34.40 km2) [133]

Indiana

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County
Jennings County
Ripley County
200050,000 acres (200 km2) [134]
Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Jennings County
Monroe County
19667,880 acres (31.9 km2) [135]
Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area Gibson County
Pike County
199423,962 acres (96.97 km2) [136]

Iowa

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County
Pottawattamie County
Washington County, Nebraska
19588,362 acres (33.84 km2) [137]
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Iowa
Illinois
Wisconsin
1989911 acres (3.69 km2) [138]
Iowa Wetland Management District
Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge Jasper County 19908,654 acres (35.02 km2) [139]
Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge Louisa County
Mercer County, Illinois
19581,078 acres (4.36 km2) [140]
Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge Kossuth County 19383,334 acres (13.49 km2) [141]

Kansas

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge Coffey County
Lyon County
196618,463 acres (74.72 km2) [142]
Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 195410,778 acres (43.62 km2) [143]
Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge Linn County 19927,500 acres (30 km2) [144]
Quivira National Wildlife Refuge Reno County
Rice County
Stafford County
195522,135 acres (89.58 km2) [145]

Kentucky

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge Graves County
Marshall County
McCracken County
19978,040 acres (32.5 km2) [146]
Green River National Wildlife Refuge Henderson County 201910 acres (0.040 km2) [147]

Louisiana

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge Iberville Parish
St. Martin Parish
198615,220 acres (61.6 km2) [148]
Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge Concordia Parish 199213,200 acres (53 km2) [149]
Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge New Orleans 199022,770 acres (92.1 km2) [150]
Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge St. Mary Parish 20019,028 acres (36.54 km2) [151]
Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge St. Tammany Parish 200124,000 acres (97 km2) [152]
Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge Ouachita Parish 19974,200 acres (17 km2) [153]
Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge Louisiana
Mississippi
198040,000 acres (160 km2) [154]
Breton National Wildlife Refuge St. Bernard Parish
Plaquemines Parish
190413,000 acres (53 km2) [155]
Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 19869,621 acres (38.93 km2) [156]
Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge West Feliciana Parish 20009,623 acres (38.94 km2) [157]
Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge Catahoula Parish
LaSalle Parish
195825,162 acres (101.83 km2) [158]
D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge Ouachita Parish
Union Parish
1986 [159] -
Delta National Wildlife Refuge Plaquemines Parish 193549,000 acres (200 km2) [160]
Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge Avoyelles Parish 19896,077 acres (24.59 km2) [161]
East Cove National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 193714,927 acres (60.41 km2) [162]
Handy Brake National Wildlife Refuge Morehouse Parish 1988501 acres (2.03 km2) [163]
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish
Evangeline Parish
193735,000 acres (140 km2) [164]
Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge Avoyelles Parish 198817,500 acres (71 km2) [165]
Louisiana Wetland Management District Northern Louisiana199025,710 acres (104.0 km2) [166]
Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge Terrebonne Parish 19964,416 acres (17.87 km2) [167]
Red River National Wildlife Refuge Bossier Parish
Caddo Parish
DeSoto Parish
Natchitoches Parish
Red River Parish
200150,000 acres (200 km2) [168]
Sabine National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 1937125,790 acres (509.1 km2) [169]
Shell Keys National Wildlife Refuge Iberia Parish 1907 [170] -
Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge Franklin Parish
Madison Parish
Tensas Parish
199864,012 acres (259.05 km2) [171]
Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge Morehouse Parish
Union Parish
197841,430 acres (167.7 km2) [172]

Maine

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge Aroostook County 19985,252 acres (21.25 km2) [173]
Carlton Pond Waterfowl Production Area Waldo County 19661,055 acres (4.27 km2) [174]
Cross Island National Wildlife Refuge* Washington County 19801,700 acres (6.9 km2) [175]
Franklin Island National Wildlife Refuge* Knox County 197312 acres (0.049 km2) [176]
Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 193728,751 acres (116.35 km2) [177]
Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge* Hancock County
Washington County
19746,367 acres (25.77 km2) [178]
Pond Island National Wildlife Refuge* Sagadahoc County 197310 acres (0.040 km2) [179]
Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge Cumberland County
York County
19669,125 acres (36.93 km2) [180]
Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge* Knox County 197265 acres (0.26 km2) [181]
Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Penobscot County 198811,435 acres (46.28 km2) [182]

Maryland

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge* Dorchester County 193328,894.35 acres (116.9313 km2) [183]
Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge* Kent County 19622,285 acres (9.25 km2) [184]
Glenn Martin National Wildlife Refuge* Somerset County
Accomack County, Virginia
19544,548 acres (18.41 km2) [185]
Patuxent Research Refuge Anne Arundel County
Prince George's County
193612,800 acres (52 km2) [186]
Susquehanna River National Wildlife Refuge* Harford County 19443.79 acres (0.0153 km2) [187]

Massachusetts

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge Sudbury 20052,230 acres (9.0 km2) [188]
Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Sudbury 1944250 acres (1.0 km2) [189]
Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge Mashpee 1995341.65 acres (1.3826 km2) [190]
Massasoit National Wildlife Refuge Plymouth 1983195 acres (0.79 km2) [191]
Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge Barnstable County 19447,604 acres (30.77 km2) [192]
Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge Nantucket 197324 acres (0.097 km2) [193]
Nomans Land Island National Wildlife Refuge Nomans Land 1998640 acres (2.6 km2) [194]
Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge Middlesex County
Worcester County
19741,667 acres (6.75 km2) [195]
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge Plum Island 19424,662 acres (18.87 km2) [196]
Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Massachusetts
Connecticut
New Hampshire
Vermont
199731,216 acres (126.33 km2) [197]
Thacher Island National Wildlife Refuge Thacher Island 197222 acres (0.089 km2) [198]

Michigan

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge Detroit River
Lake Erie
20015,868 acres (23.75 km2) [199]
Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge Lake Huron 1983695 acres (2.81 km2) [200]
Huron National Wildlife Refuge Lake Superior 1905147 acres (0.59 km2) [201]
Kirtlands Warbler Wildlife Management Area Lower Peninsula of Michigan 19806,684 acres (27.05 km2) [202]
Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge Lake Michigan
Lake Huron
1943744 acres (3.01 km2) [203]
Michigan Wetland Management District Lower Peninsula of Michigan 1980664 acres (2.69 km2) [204]
Seney National Wildlife Refuge Schoolcraft County 193595,265 acres (385.52 km2) [205]
Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge Saginaw County 19539,870 acres (39.9 km2) [206]

Minnesota

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge Marshall County 193761,500 acres (249 km2) [207]
Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge Big Stone County
Lac qui Parle County
197511,586 acres (46.89 km2) [208]
Big Stone Wetland Management District Lincoln County
Lyon County
19753,000 acres (12 km2) [209]
Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Morrison County 199213,540 acres (54.8 km2) [210]
Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District Northwestern Minnesota195353,000 acres (210 km2) [211]
Fergus Falls Wetland Management District West Central Minnesota196272,699 acres (294.20 km2) [212]
Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 200437,756 acres (152.79 km2) [213]
Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 19895,944 acres (24.05 km2) [214]
Litchfield Wetland Management District Central Minnesota197836,000 acres (150 km2) [215]
Mille Lacs National Wildlife Refuge Mille Lacs County 19150.57 acres (0.0023 km2) [216]
Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Carver County
Dakota County
Hennepin County
Le Sueur County
Scott County
Sibley County
197614,000 acres (57 km2) [217]
Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District Southeastern Minnesota19888,000 acres (32 km2) [218]
Morris Wetland Management District West Central Minnesota50,000 acres (200 km2) [219]
Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge Minnesota
Iowa
20005,000 acres (20 km2) [220]
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge Aitkin County 193518,208 acres (73.69 km2) [221]
Rydell National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 19922,120 acres (8.6 km2) [222]
Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge Sherburne County 196530,700 acres (124 km2) [223]
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 193842,724 acres (172.90 km2) [224]
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Upper Mississippi River in:
Illinois
Iowa
Minnesota
Wisconsin
1924240,000 acres (970 km2) [225]
Windom Wetland Management District South Central Minnesota-14,000 acres (57 km2) [226]

Mississippi

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge Quitman County
Tallahatchie County
20002,069 acres (8.37 km2) [227]
Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge Bolivar County 19909,691 acres (39.22 km2) [228]
Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Mobile County, Alabama
199232,000 acres (130 km2) [229]
Hillside National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County 197515,572 acres (63.02 km2) [230]
Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 20041,400 acres (5.7 km2) [231]
Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge Leflore County 19802,418 acres (9.79 km2) [232]
Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County 197519,000 acres (77 km2) [233]
Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County 19777,383 acres (29.88 km2) [234]
Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Yazoo County 197838,697 acres (156.60 km2) [235]
Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge Noxubee County
Oktibbeha County
Winston County
194048,000 acres (190 km2) [236]
St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge Adams County 199034,256 acres (138.63 km2) [237]
Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge Grenada County
Tallahatchie County
19904,199 acres (16.99 km2) [238]
Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County
Humphreys County
Leflore County
Sharkey County
Warren County
Washington County
2004 [239] -
Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 193612,941 acres (52.37 km2) [240]

Missouri

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Missouri River 199416,700 acres (68 km2) [241]
Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge Pike County 19643,750 acres (15.2 km2) [242]
Great River National Wildlife Refuge Clark County
Lewis County
Adams County, Illinois
Pike County, Illinois
195811,600 acres (47 km2) [243]
Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge Holt County 19357,415 acres (30.01 km2) [244]
Mingo National Wildlife Refuge Stoddard County
Wayne County
194421,676 acres (87.72 km2) [245]
Ozark Cavefish National Wildlife Refuge Lawrence County 199140 acres (0.16 km2) [246]
Pilot Knob National Wildlife Refuge Iron County 198790 acres (0.36 km2) [247]
Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Chariton County 193710,795 acres (43.69 km2) [248]

Montana

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge Cascade County 192912,459 acres (50.42 km2) [249]
Benton Lake Wetland Management District Montana197516,000,000 acres (65,000 km2) [250]
Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge Blaine County 19381,308 acres (5.29 km2) [251]
Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 193615,551 acres (62.93 km2) [252]
Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge Fergus County
Garfield County
McCone County
Petroleum County
Phillips County
Valley County
1936915,814 acres (3,706.17 km2) [253]
Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge Hill County 19412,728 acres (11.04 km2) [254]
Grass Lake National Wildlife Refuge
(formerly Halfbreed Lake NWR)
Stillwater County 19874,318 acres (17.47 km2) [255]
Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge Stillwater County 19422,700 acres (11 km2) [256]
Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 19381,360 acres (5.5 km2) [257]
Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge Musselshell County 194116,814 acres (68.04 km2) [258]
Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge Hill County 19373,868 acres (15.65 km2) [259]
Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge Wibaux County 1942800 acres (3.2 km2) [260]
Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge Ravalli County 19642,800 acres (11 km2) [261]
Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge Flathead County 19998,834 acres (35.75 km2) [262]
Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge Sheridan County
Roosevelt County
193531,533 acres (127.61 km2) [263]
National Bison Range Lake County
Sanders County
190818,800 acres (76 km2) [264]
Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 19214,027 acres (16.30 km2) [265]
Northwest Montana Wetland Management District Montana197014,752 acres (59.70 km2) [266]
Pablo National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 19212,473 acres (10.01 km2) [267]
Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Beaverhead County 193265,810 acres (266.3 km2) [268]
Swan River National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 19731,568 acres (6.35 km2) [269]
UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 196956,048 acres (226.82 km2) [270]
War Horse National Wildlife Refuge Petroleum County 19583,392 acres (13.73 km2) [271]

Nebraska

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 19924,040 acres (16.3 km2) [272]
Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge Garden County 193145,818 acres (185.42 km2) [273]
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 191219,131 acres (77.42 km2) [274]
John and Louise Seier National Wildlife Refuge Rock County 19992,400 acres (9.7 km2) [275]
North Platte National Wildlife Refuge Scotts Bluff County 19165,047 acres (20.42 km2) [276]
Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District South Central Nebraska196322,864 acres (92.53 km2) [277]
Valentine National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 193571,516 acres (289.41 km2) [278]

Nevada

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge Washoe County 1913247 acres (1.00 km2) [279]
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge^ Nye County 198423,000 acres (93 km2) [280]
Desert National Wildlife Refuge^ Clark County
Lincoln County
19361,615,000 acres (6,540 km2) [281]
Fallon National Wildlife Refuge Churchill County 193115,000 acres (61 km2) [282]
Moapa Valley National Wildlife Refuge^ Clark County 1979106 acres (0.43 km2) [283]
Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge^ Lincoln County 19635,380 acres (21.8 km2) [284]
Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge Elko County
White Pine County
193837,632 acres (152.29 km2) [285]
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge^^ Humboldt County
Washoe County
Lake County, Oregon
1931573,504 acres (2,320.89 km2) [286]
Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Churchill County 194979,570 acres (322.0 km2) [287]

New Hampshire

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge Rockingham County 19921,116 acres (4.52 km2) [288]
John Hay National Wildlife Refuge Merrimack County 1987164 acres (0.66 km2) [289]
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge Coös County
Oxford County, Maine
199225,650 acres (103.8 km2) [290]
Wapack National Wildlife Refuge Hillsborough County 19721,672 acres (6.77 km2) [291]

New Jersey

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Cape May National Wildlife Refuge Cape May County 198921,200 acres (86 km2) [292]
Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge Atlantic County
Ocean County
198447,437 acres (191.97 km2) [293]
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Morris County 19607,800 acres (32 km2) [294]
Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Salem County 19743,230 acres (13.1 km2) [295]
Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge Sussex County
Orange County, New York
19905,100 acres (21 km2) [296]

New Mexico

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge Chaves County 193724,563 acres (99.40 km2) [297]
Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge Socorro County 193957,331 acres (232.01 km2) [298]
Grulla National Wildlife Refuge Roosevelt County
Bailey County, Texas
19693,264 acres (13.21 km2) [299]
Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge San Miguel County 19658,672 acres (35.09 km2) [300]
Rio Mora National Wildlife Refuge Mora County 20124,224 acres (17.09 km2) [301]
Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge Colfax County 19653,699 acres (14.97 km2) [302]
San Andres National Wildlife Refuge Doña Ana County 194157,215 acres (231.54 km2) [303]
Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge Socorro County 1973230,000 acres (930 km2) [304]
Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge Bernalillo County 2012570 acres (2.3 km2) [305]

New York

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 196836 acres (0.15 km2) [306]
Conscience Point National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 197160 acres (0.24 km2) [307]
Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1954187 acres (0.76 km2) [308]
Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge Genesee County
Orleans County
195810,828 acres (43.82 km2) [309]
Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge Seneca County 193710,004 acres (40.48 km2) [310]
Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge* Nassau County 19683,209 acres (12.99 km2) [311]
Sayville National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1992127 acres (0.51 km2) [312]
Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1968196 acres (0.79 km2) [313]
Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge Ulster County 1999597 acres (2.42 km2) [314]
Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 196780 acres (0.32 km2) [315]
Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 19472,550 acres (10.3 km2) [316]

North Carolina

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge^ Dare County
Hyde County
1984152,000 acres (620 km2) [317]
Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge^^ Carteret County 196414,480 acres (58.6 km2) [318]
Currituck National Wildlife Refuge^ Currituck County 19848,316 acres (33.65 km2) [319]
Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Currituck County
Virginia Beach, Virginia
19608,231 acres (33.31 km2) [320]
Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge^^ Hyde County 193450,173 acres (203.04 km2) [321]
Mountain Bogs National Wildlife Refuge Ashe County 201539 acres (0.16 km2) [322]
Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Dare County 193831,534 acres (127.61 km2) [323]
Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge Anson County
Richmond County
19638,443 acres (34.17 km2) [324]
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge^ Hyde County
Tyrrell County
Washington County
1963110,106 acres (445.58 km2) [325]
Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge^ Bertie County 198920,978 acres (84.89 km2) [326]
Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge^^ Hyde County 193216,411 acres (66.41 km2) [327]

North Dakota

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge^^^ Walsh County 19393,084 acres (12.48 km2) [328]
Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge^ Stutsman County 193515,934 acres (64.48 km2) [329]
Arrowwood Wetland Management District^ Eddy County
Foster County
19616,162 acres (24.94 km2) [330]
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge^^ McLean County 1956 (renamed 1967)14,735 acres (59.63 km2) [331]
Audubon Wetland Management District^^ McLean County
Sheridan County
Ward County
Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge^ Stutsman County 19084,385 acres (17.75 km2) [332]
Chase Lake Wetland Management District^ Stutsman County
Wells County
1993162,925 acres (659.33 km2) [333]
Crosby Wetland Management District^^^^^^ Burke County
Divide County
Williams County
21,219 acres (85.87 km2) [334]
Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^ Burke County
Ward County
193519,500 acres (79 km2) [335]
Devils Lake Wetland Management District^^^ Benson County
Cavalier County
Grand Forks County
Pembina County
Ramsey County
Towner County
Walsh County
225,000 acres (910 km2) [336]
Florence Lake National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^ Burleigh County 19391,888.2 acres (7.641 km2) [337]
J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge^^^^ Bottineau County
McHenry County
193558,700 acres (238 km2) [338]
J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District^^^^ Bottineau County
McHenry County
Pierce County
Renville County
Rolette County
185,090 acres (749.0 km2) [339]
Kellys Slough National Wildlife Refuge^^^ Grand Forks County 19362,146 acres (8.68 km2) [340]
Kulm Wetland Management District Dickey County
LaMoure County
Logan County
McIntosh County
1971279,184 acres (1,129.82 km2) [341]
Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge^^^ Ramsey County 19358,512 acres (34.45 km2) [342]
Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge^^ Dunn County 19394,000 acres (16 km2) [343]
Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge^^ McLean County 1940 [344] 1,285 acres (5.20 km2) [345]
Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^ Williams County 1940 [344] 3,823 acres (15.47 km2) [346]
Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^ Burleigh County 193222,300 acres (90 km2) [347]
Long Lake Wetland Management District^^^^^
Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^ Burke County
Mountrail County
1940 [344] 27,589 acres (111.65 km2) [348]
Lostwood Wetland Management District^^^^^^ Mountrail County
Ward County
McLean National Wildlife Refuge McLean County 1939 (originally named Lake Susie NWR)760 acres (3.1 km2) [349]
Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge Nelson County 1948872.1 acres (3.529 km2) [350]
Shell Lake National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^ Mountrail County 19391,835 acres (7.43 km2) [351]
Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge Benson County 1938398.76 acres (1.6137 km2) [352]
Slade National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^ Kidder County 19403,000 acres (12 km2) [353]
Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge^^ Slope County 19412,230 acres (9.0 km2) [354]
Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^^ Sargent County 19458,343 acres (33.76 km2) [355]
Tewaukon Wetland Management District^^^^^^^^ Ransom County
Richland County
Sargent County
49,000 acres (200 km2) [356]
Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge^^^^^^^ Renville County
Ward County
193232,092 acres (129.87 km2) [357]
Valley City Wetland Management District^ Barnes County
Cass County
Griggs County
Steele County
Traill County
197174,964 acres (303.37 km2) [358]
White Lake National Wildlife Refuge^^ Slope County 19411,040 acres (4.2 km2) [359]
White Horse Hill National Game Preserve^^^ Benson County 19041,674 acres (6.77 km2) [360]

Northern Mariana Islands

Ohio

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County 19652,449.77 acres (9.9139 km2) [361]
Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County
Ottawa County
19616,857.91 acres (27.7530 km2) [362]
West Sister Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County 193777 acres (0.31 km2) [363]

Oklahoma

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge Okmulgee County 19939,748 acres (39.45 km2) [364]
Little River National Wildlife Refuge McCurtain County 198713,660 acres (55.3 km2) [365]
Optima National Wildlife Refuge Texas County 19754,333 acres (17.54 km2) [366]
Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge Adair County
Cherokee County
Delaware County
Ottawa County
19864,200 acres (17 km2) [367]
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge Alfalfa County 193032,197 acres (130.30 km2) [368]
Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge Haskell County
Muskogee County
Sequoyah County
197020,800 acres (84 km2) [369]
Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge Johnston County
Marshall County
194616,464 acres (66.63 km2) [370]
Washita National Wildlife Refuge Custer County 19618,075 acres (32.68 km2) [371]
Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge Comanche County 190159,020 acres (238.8 km2) [372]

Oregon

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Ankeny National Wildlife Refuge Marion County 19652,796 acres (11.32 km2) [373]
Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge Coos County 1983864 acres (3.50 km2) [374]
Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 19652,492 acres (10.08 km2) [375]
Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 19784,200 acres (17 km2) [376]
Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 1938138.51 acres (0.5605 km2) [377]
Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge Umatilla County 19093,117 acres (12.61 km2) [378]
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Malheur County
Baker County
Canyon County, Idaho
Owyhee County, Idaho
Payette County, Idaho
Washington County, Idaho
190910,548 acres (42.69 km2) [379]
Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Lake County 1936270,608 acres (1,095.11 km2) [380]
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer Clatsop County
Columbia County
Wahkiakum County, Washington
19725,600 acres (23 km2) [381]
Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 195840,885 acres (165.46 km2) [382]
Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge Clatsop County 197212,167 acres (49.24 km2) [383]
Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County
Siskiyou County, California
1908187,757 acres (759.83 km2) [384]
Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Harney County 1908187,757 acres (759.83 km2) [385]
McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge Umatilla County 19911,836.5 acres (7.432 km2) [386]
Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 19911,202 acres (4.86 km2) [387]
Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge Oregon Coast 19351,083 acres (4.38 km2) [388]
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge Lake County
Humboldt County, Nevada
Washoe County, Nevada
1931573,504 acres (2,320.89 km2) [389]
Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge Lincoln County 1991568 acres (2.30 km2) [390]
Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 190715 acres (0.061 km2) [391]
Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge Washington County
Yamhill County
19921,856 acres (7.51 km2) [392]
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge Morrow County
Benton County, Washington
196923,783 acres (96.25 km2) [393]
Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 192814,400 acres (58 km2) [394]
Wapato Lake National Wildlife Refuge Washington County
Yamhill County
20134,310 acres (17.4 km2) [395]
William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge Benton County 19645,706 acres (23.09 km2) [396]

Pennsylvania

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 2008185 acres (0.75 km2) [397]
Erie National Wildlife Refuge Crawford County 19598,800 acres (36 km2) [398]
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum Delaware County
Philadelphia County
19721,200 acres (4.9 km2) [399]

Puerto Rico

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge Cabo Rojo 19741,836 acres (7.43 km2) [400]
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge Isla Culebra 19091,450 acres (5.9 km2) [401]
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge Mayagüez 1976360 acres (1.5 km2) [402]
Laguna Cartagena National Wildlife Refuge Lajas 19891,059 acres (4.29 km2) [403]
Vieques National Wildlife Refuge Isla de Vieques 200117,771 acres (71.92 km2) [404]

Rhode Island

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Block Island National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1973127 acres (0.51 km2) [405]
John H. Chafee National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1988317 acres (1.28 km2) [406]
Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1970900 acres (3.6 km2) [407]
Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge Newport County 1970242 acres (0.98 km2) [408]
Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1974787 acres (3.18 km2) [409]

South Carolina

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge^ Charleston County 193266,287 acres (268.25 km2) [410]
Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge Chesterfield County 193945,348 acres (183.52 km2) [411]
Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge^ Beaufort County
Charleston County
Colleton County
Hampton County
199011,815 acres (47.81 km2) [412]
Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge^^ Beaufort County 19754,053 acres (16.40 km2) [413]
Santee National Wildlife Refuge^^ Clarendon County 194115,000 acres (61 km2) [414]
Tybee National Wildlife Refuge^^ Jasper County 1938100 acres (0.40 km2) [415]
Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge^ Georgetown County
Horry County
Marion County
199722,931 acres (92.80 km2) [416]

South Dakota

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bear Butte National Wildlife Refuge Meade County 1935374 acres (1.51 km2) [417]
Huron Wetland Management District Central South Dakota199217,518 acres (70.89 km2) [418]
Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge Gregory County
Boyd County, Nebraska
19741,085 acres (4.39 km2) [419]
Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge Bennett County 193516,410 acres (66.4 km2) [420]
Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Charles Mix County 19365,638 acres (22.82 km2) [421]
Lake Andes Wetland Management District Southeast South Dakota196182,731 acres (334.80 km2) [422]
Madison Wetland Management District East Central South Dakota1969129,700 acres (525 km2) [423]
Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge Brown County 193521,498 acres (87.00 km2) [424]
Sand Lake Wetland Management District North Central South Dakota196145,000 acres (180 km2) [425]
Waubay National Wildlife Refuge Day County 19354,650 acres (18.8 km2) [426]
Waubay Wetland Management District Northeast South Dakota193540,000 acres (160 km2) [427]

Tennessee

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge^ Lauderdale County 198525,006 acres (101.20 km2) [428]
Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge Stewart County 19628,862 acres (35.86 km2) [429]
Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge Hardeman County
Haywood County
196411,556 acres (46.77 km2) [430]
Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge^ Lake County 19381,846 acres (7.47 km2) [431]
Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge^ Lauderdale County
Tipton County
19809,451 acres (38.25 km2) [432]
Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge^ Lake County
Obion County
Fulton County, Kentucky
194110,428 acres (42.20 km2) [433]
Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Benton County
Decatur County
Henry County
Humphreys County
194551,359 acres (207.84 km2) [434]

Texas

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge Chambers County 196337,000 acres (150 km2) [435]
Aransas National Wildlife Refuge Aransas County
Calhoun County
Refugio County
1937114,657 acres (464.00 km2) [436]
Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge Colorado County 197210,528 acres (42.61 km2) [437]
Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge Burnet County
Travis County
Williamson County
199246,080 acres (186.5 km2) [438]
Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge Matagorda County 19835,000 acres (20 km2) [439]
Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge Brazoria County 196944,414 acres (179.74 km2) [440]
Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge Randall County 19587,680 acres (31.1 km2) [441]
Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County 20008,493 acres (34.37 km2) [442]
Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge Grayson County 194611,320 acres (45.8 km2) [443]
Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge Cameron County
Willacy County
194665,096 acres (263.43 km2) [444]
Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Cameron County
Hidalgo County
Starr County
Zapata County
197990,788 acres (367.41 km2) [445]
McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County 198058,861 acres (238.20 km2) [446]
Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge Bailey County 19356,440 acres (26.1 km2) [447]
Neches River National Wildlife Refuge Anderson County
Cherokee County
20064,404 acres (17.82 km2) [448]
San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge Brazoria County
Matagorda County
196945,730 acres (185.1 km2) [449]
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge Hidalgo County 19432,088 acres (8.45 km2) [450]
Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County 19798,972 acres (36.31 km2) [451]
Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County 199430,000 acres (120 km2) [452]

U.S. Minor Outlying Islands

Map of the Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands US Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands NWR.png
Map of the Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands

Utah

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge Box Elder County 192879,000 acres (320 km2) [453]
Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge Juab County 195917,992 acres (72.81 km2) [454]
Ouray National Wildlife Refuge Uintah County 196011,987 acres (48.51 km2) [455]

Vermont

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge Franklin County 19436,642 acres (26.88 km2) [456]

Virgin Islands (U.S.)

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge St. Thomas 196945 acres (0.18 km2) [457]
Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge St. Croix 197714 acres (0.057 km2) [458]
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge St. Croix 1984360 acres (1.5 km2) [459]

Virginia

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Virginia Beach 19389,062 acres (36.67 km2) [460]
Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge Accomack County
Worcester County, Maryland
194314,000 acres (57 km2) [461]
Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge Northampton County 19841,127 acres (4.56 km2) [462]
Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge^^ Fairfax County 19692,277 acres (9.21 km2) [463]
Featherstone National Wildlife Refuge^^ Prince William County 1970325 acres (1.32 km2) [464]
Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge Northampton County 19731,850 acres (7.5 km2) [465]
Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Chesapeake
Suffolk
Camden County, North Carolina
Gates County, North Carolina
Pasquotank County, North Carolina
1974112,000 acres (450 km2) [466]
James River National Wildlife Refuge^ Prince George County 19914,200 acres (17 km2) [467]
Nansemond National Wildlife Refuge Suffolk 1973411 acres (1.66 km2) [468]
Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge^^ Prince William County 1998644 acres (2.61 km2) [469]
Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Poquoson 19723,501 acres (14.17 km2) [470]
Presquile National Wildlife Refuge^ Chesterfield County 19531,329 acres (5.38 km2) [471]
Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge^ Caroline County
Essex County
King George County
Richmond County
19969,030 acres (36.5 km2) [472]
Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge Wallops Island, Accomack County 1975373 acres (1.51 km2) [473]

Washington

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Thurston County
Pierce County
19744,529 acres (18.33 km2) [474]
Columbia National Wildlife Refuge Adams County
Grant County
194429,596 acres (119.77 km2) [475]
Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge Klickitat County 19647,072 acres (28.62 km2) [476]
Copalis National Wildlife Refuge^ Grays Harbor County 190760.8 acres (0.246 km2) [477]
Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County 1915772.52 acres (3.1263 km2) [478]
Flattery Rocks National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County 1907125 acres (0.51 km2) [479]
Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge Skamania County 1990551.73 acres (2.2328 km2) [480]
Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Grays Harbor County 19901,471.38 acres (5.9545 km2) [481]
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer Wahkiakum County
Clatsop County, Oregon
Columbia County, Oregon
19725,600 acres (23 km2) [482]
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge Pend Oreille County
Stevens County
193942,593.57 acres (172.3701 km2) [483]
McNary National Wildlife Refuge Walla Walla County 195614,664.54 acres (59.3453 km2) [484]
Pierce National Wildlife Refuge Skamania County 1983329.38 acres (1.3330 km2) [485]
Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Jefferson County 1982659.31 acres (2.6681 km2) [486]
Quillayute Needles National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County
Jefferson County
1907300.2 acres (1.215 km2) [487]
Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Clark County 19655,228.1 acres (21.157 km2) [488]
Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge/Hanford Reach National Monument Adams County
Benton County
Franklin County
Grant County
2000194,451 acres (786.92 km2) [489]
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge^ San Juan County 1976454 acres (1.84 km2) [490]
Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge Clark County 19871,049 acres (4.25 km2) [491]
Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge Yakima County 19641,978 acres (8.00 km2) [492]
Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge Spokane County 193718,684.98 acres (75.6154 km2) [493]
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge Benton County
Morrow County, Oregon
196923,783 acres (96.25 km2) [494]
Willapa National Wildlife Refuge Pacific County 193711,000 acres (45 km2) [495]

West Virginia

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge Tucker County 11 July 199416,613.44 acres (67.2322 km2)
Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge Ohio River 19902,664.54 acres (10.7830 km2)

Wisconsin

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Grant County
Richland County
Illinois
Iowa
1989812 acres (3.29 km2) [496]
Fox River National Wildlife Refuge Marquette County 19791,054 acres (4.27 km2) [497]
Gravel Island National Wildlife Refuge Door County 191328 acres (0.11 km2) [498]
Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge Door County 1912330 acres (1.3 km2) [499]
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Dodge County
Fond du Lac County
194121,400 acres (87 km2) [500]
Leopold Wetland Management District Southeastern Wisconsin199313,000 acres (53 km2) [501]
Necedah National Wildlife Refuge Juneau County 193943,696 acres (176.83 km2) [502]
St. Croix Wetland Management District West Central Wisconsin19927,500 acres (30 km2) [503]
Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge Buffalo County
Trempealeau County
19366,226 acres (25.20 km2) [504]
Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge Bayfield County 1999329 acres (1.33 km2) [505]

Wyoming

Refuge NameLocationDate EstablishedArea
Bamforth National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 19321,116 acres (4.52 km2) [506]
Cokeville Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Lincoln County 199326,657 acres (107.88 km2) [507]
Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 19321,968 acres (7.96 km2) [508]
Mortenson Lake National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 19931,776 acres (7.19 km2) [509]
National Elk Refuge Teton County 191225,000 acres (100 km2) [510]
Pathfinder National Wildlife Refuge Carbon County
Natrona County
190916,807 acres (68.02 km2) [511]
Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge Sweetwater County 196527,230 acres (110.2 km2) [512]

See also

Related Research Articles

United States Minor Outlying Islands Group of mostly uninhabited insular areas of the United States as defined by ISO

United States Minor Outlying Islands is a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code. The entry code is ISO 3166-2:UM. The minor outlying islands and groups of islands consist of eight United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean and one in the Caribbean Sea.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service United States federal government agency

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is an agency of the US federal government within the US Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. The mission of the agency is "working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people."

White River National Wildlife Refuge

The White River National Wildlife Refuge is a 160,756 acres (650.56 km2) wildlife refuge located in Desha, Monroe, Phillips, and Arkansas counties in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The refuge is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. White River NWR borders on Cache River National Wildlife Refuge at its northern boundary. In 1974, the White River Sugarberry Natural Area was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service.

National Wildlife Refuge designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service

National Wildlife RefugeSystem is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is the system of public lands and waters set aside to conserve America's fish, wildlife, and plants. Since President Theodore Roosevelt designated Florida's Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge as the first wildlife refuge in 1903, the system has grown to over 568 national wildlife refuges and 38 wetland management districts encompassing more than 150,000,000 acres (607,028 km2).

Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge United States historic place

Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), and part of the Everglades Headwaters NWR complex, located just off the western coast of Orchid Island in the Indian River Lagoon east of Sebastian, Florida. The refuge consists of a 3-acre (12,000 m2) island that includes an additional 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) of surrounding water and is located off the east coast of Florida of the Indian River Lagoon. Established by an executive order of President Theodore Roosevelt on March 14, 1903, Pelican Island was the first National wildlife refuge in the United States. It was created to protect egrets and other birds from extinction through plume hunting.

Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge Wildlife refuge in New Mexico, USA

The Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge is located in southern New Mexico. It was founded in 1939 and is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It is a favorite spot to watch the migration of the Sandhill cranes in the fall. The reserve is open year-round and provides safe harbor for its varied wildlife.

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge is located in south central Kansas near the town of Stafford. It lies mostly in northeastern Stafford County, but small parts extend into southwestern Rice and northwestern Reno Counties. Its proximity to the Central Flyway migration route and the salt marshes on the refuge combine to endow the refuge with a large variety of birds. Many of these birds are uncommon in other parts of Kansas or even the central part of the continent.

Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge

The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge is a 147,392-acre (596.47 km2) wildlife sanctuary is located west of Boynton Beach, in Palm Beach County, Florida. It is also known as Water Conservation Area 1 (WCA-1). It includes the most northern remnant of the historic Everglades wetland ecosystem.

Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge

The Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge is a protected wildlife refuge, at the southern end of the Pahranagat Valley and administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It is 90 miles (140 km) north of Las Vegas, Nevada, in Lincoln County, Nevada. The 5,380-acre (21.8 km2) refuge was created on August 16, 1963, and is part of the larger Desert National Wildlife Refuge Complex, which also includes the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, the Desert National Wildlife Refuge, and the Moapa Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge is a 12,459-acre (5,042 ha) National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in the central part of the U.S. state of Montana. It lies in northern Cascade County, 12 mi (19 km) north of the city of Great Falls, Montana. Benton Lake NWR includes shortgrass prairie and seasonal wetlands, and is nearly surrounded by the Highwood Mountains to the east, Big Belt Mountains to the south, and the Rocky Mountains to the west. Benton Lake NWR is on the western edge of the northern Great Plains and much of the shallow lake is a 6,000-acre (2,400 ha) wetland.

National Bison Range Nature reserve for bison in western Montana

The National Bison Range (BR) is a nature reserve on the Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana established as a wildlife conservation area for the American bison. The size of the bison herd at the BR is between 350 and 500. The range serves as the central point for bison research in the United States.

Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge

Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge is a 8,834-acre (3,575 ha) National Wildlife Refuge of the United States located in Montana. Established in 1999, it is one of the newest National Wildlife Refuges in the U.S. and is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, an agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior. The refuge was originally a sprawling horse and cattle ranch dating back to the late 19th century and was known as the Lost Trail Ranch. The refuge consists of prairie and wetlands, and has a wide diversity of plant and animal species, including over 100 species of birds such as canada geese, sandhill crane, wood duck, green-winged teals and herons. Several species of grouse also inhabit the refuge. Predatory bird species such as the great horned owl and red-tailed hawk are also found here.

Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge

The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge is a 402,000‑acre (1,627 km2) National Wildlife Refuge located in Charlton, Ware, and Clinch Counties of Georgia, and Baker County in Florida, United States. The refuge is administered from offices in Folkston, Georgia. The refuge was established in 1937 to protect a majority of the 438,000 acre (1,772 km2) Okefenokee Swamp. The name "Okefenokee" is a Native American word meaning "trembling earth."

Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge

The Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge is located in North Carolina's Inner Banks on the Albemarle-Pamlico Peninsula in Hyde, Tyrrell, and Washington Counties, North Carolina. Its headquarters is located in Columbia.

San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge

The San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge is a 45,730-acre (185.1 km2) wildlife conservation area along the coast of Texas (USA), south of the towns of Sweeny and Brazoria, Texas. It encloses a bay behind a barrier island at the Gulf of Mexico. The refuge is located in southern Brazoria and eastern Matagorda counties.

Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge Wildlife conservation area in Texas

The Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge is a 44,414-acre (179.74 km2) wildlife conservation area along the coast of Texas (USA), east of the towns of Angleton and Lake Jackson, Texas. It borders Christmas Bay and the Intracoastal Waterway, separated from the Gulf of Mexico by Follet's Island.

Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge National wildlife refuge in Minnesota, United States

Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge was established to provide a means of working with individuals, groups, private organizations, and government entities to permanently preserve a portion of the remaining remnant tracts of northern tallgrass prairie in Minnesota and Iowa. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is acquiring remnant prairie tracts for the refuge in both easement and fee title interests from willing sellers.

Sayville National Wildlife Refuge

The Sayville National Wildlife Refuge is a 127-acre (51 ha) National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) located in West Sayville, New York about two miles (3.2 km) inland from the Great South Bay. Sayville NWR is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a sub-unit of Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge and part of the Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex. It is the only land-locked refuge in the complex.

John H. Chafee National Wildlife Refuge

The John H. Chafee National Wildlife Refuge is a national wildlife refuge of the United States, located along the Narrow River on the southern coast of Rhode Island.

Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge

Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge is part of a large wetland complex on Lake Superior, near Ashland, Wisconsin. These coastal wetlands are a significant part of the wildlife habitat and aquatic resources of the south shore of Lake Superior.

References

  1. Secretary Bernhardt Unveils New National Wildlife Refuge in Kentucky- Retrieved 2019-12-13
  2. USFWS, David Eisenhauer. "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Establish National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania, National Wildlife Refuge System". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. "National Wildlife Refuge System". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service