List of U.S. National Historic Landmarks by state

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Click on a state to see a list of the National Historic Landmarks in that state. Map of USA with state names.svg
Click on a state to see a list of the National Historic Landmarks in that state.

The United States National Historic Landmark Program is designed to recognize and honor the nation's cultural and historical heritage. The program was formally inaugurated with a series of listings on October 9, 1960; as of August 21, 2020, there are 2,597 designated landmarks. A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is generally a building, district, object, site, or structure, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its national historical significance. A National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) is a historic district that is recognized as an NHL. Its geographic area may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties.

Contents

The program is administered by the National Park Service (NPS), a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process. [1] The Secretary of the Interior reviews nominations and, based on a set of predetermined criteria, makes a decision on NHL designation or a determination of eligibility for designation. [2] Both public and privately owned properties can be designated as NHLs. This designation provides indirect, partial protection of the historic integrity of the properties via tax incentives, grants, monitoring of threats, and other means. [1] Owners may object to the nomination of the property as a NHL. When this is the case the Secretary of the Interior can only designate a site as eligible for designation. [2]

All NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), a list of some 80,000 historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of recognition. The primary difference between a NHL and a NRHP listing is that the NHLs are determined to have national significance, while other NRHP properties are deemed significant at the local or state level. [1]

Tabular listing

Most landmark designations are in one of the 50 states. New York is the state with the most (270), and New York City, with 114 designations, is the city with the largest number of designations. Of the states, North Dakota has the fewest designations with seven. Three cities (New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston) have enough listings to warrant lists separate from their respective states.

A small number of designations have been made outside the 50 states. Most of these appear in United States possessions. The Virgin Islands have five listings, Puerto Rico has four, and island possessions in the South Pacific have six. Five listings are found in Pacific island nations with which the U.S. has established a free association agreement, and one listing, the American Legation in Tangier (the nation's first foreign public property), is found in the unaffiliated Kingdom of Morocco.

State or
region
Number of
landmarks
Earliest
declared [3]
Latest
declared [3]
Example
Alabama 39October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 Dexter Avenue Baptist.jpg
Alaska 50January 20, 1961December 23, 2016 Kenai Church.JPG
Arizona 46 [4] [5] October 9, 1960December 23, 2016 Hoover dam from air.jpg
Arkansas 17October 9, 1960July 31, 2003 Central High in Little Rock 11.jpg
California 146 [6] [5] October 9, 1960December 23, 2016 MissionCarmelSEGL2.jpg
Colorado 26 [7] December 19, 1960January 13, 2021 Cumbres & Toltec train.jpg
Connecticut 63October 9, 1960October 31, 2016 Connecticut State Capitol north side.jpg
Delaware 14January 20, 1961December 23, 2016 Habs new castle county court house.jpg
Florida 47October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 Hemingwayhouse.jpg
Georgia 49January 20, 1961July 21, 2015 USA-Georgia-Etowah Indian Mounds-Mound B.jpg
Hawaii 33December 29, 1962March 29, 2007 Kalawao Catholic church.jpg
Idaho 10 [8] October 9, 1960June 21, 1990 Ebr-1.zdv.jpg
Illinois 88 [9] October 9, 1960September 23, 2020 Lincoln's Tomb.JPG
Indiana 43October 9, 1960December 23, 2016 NorthChristianChurch.jpg
Iowa 27 [10] June 30, 1960January 13, 2021 Old capital iowa city.jpg
Kansas 26December 19, 1960December 23, 2016 Clocktower-Sherman-Grant-SheridanHalls Nov-2002 0056.jpg
Kentucky 32 [11] December 19, 1960February 27, 2013 Belle of Louisville 2.jpg
Louisiana 54October 9, 1960July 21, 2015 Louisiana State Capitol Building.jpg
Maine 44October 9, 1960August 25, 2014 Bowdoin SableIsland.jpg
Maryland 75 [12] October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 USCGC Taney.jpg
Massachusetts
(Boston alone)
189
(57)
October 9, 1960February 27, 2015 Boston Light.jpg
Michigan 43October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 TheHenryFordMuseumClockToweratNight.jpg
Minnesota 25December 19, 1960June 23, 2011 OwatonnaBank.JPG
Mississippi 40 [13] July 19, 1964February 16, 2017 Beauvoir-Biloxi-Mississippi-Hurricane-Katrina-FEMA-2006-585px.jpg
Missouri 37 [9] October 9, 1960March 29, 2007 Gateway Arch July 2009.jpg
Montana 28 [8] October 9, 1960July 21, 2015 Plenty Coups Home NPS (1997).jpg
Nebraska 22December 19, 1960January 13, 2021 USS Hazard AM-240.jpg
Nevada 8 [4] January 20, 1961October 16, 2012 Hoover Dam at dusk.jpg
New Hampshire 23October 9, 1960February 27, 2013 General View of Canterbury Shaker Village.jpg
New Jersey 58 [14] [15] October 9, 1960August 25, 2014 Great Falls of the Passaic River.jpg
New Mexico 46 [7] October 9, 1960October 16, 2012 NewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpg
New York
(New York City alone)
276 [14] [16]
(116)
October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 Empire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpg
North Carolina 39November 5, 1961December 23, 2016 Battle of Fort Fisher flags stockade.jpg
North Dakota 7July 4, 1961December 23, 2016 Catlin Hidatsa village.jpg
Ohio 76 [11] [17] October 9, 1960December 23, 2016 TaftMuseum.jpg
Oklahoma 22December 19, 1960February 27, 2013 Washita-battlefield-2.jpg
Oregon 17 [6] [18] January 20, 1961July 25, 2011 Timlodge.jpg
Pennsylvania
(Philadelphia alone)
169 [15] [17] [16]
(67)
January 20, 1961December 23, 2016 2013 Academy of Music from north.jpg
Rhode Island 45October 9, 1960October 16, 2012 The Breakers Newport.jpg
South Carolina 76October 9, 1960March 29, 2007 Scstatehouse.jpg
South Dakota 16 [10] July 4, 1961June 17, 2011 Bearbutte4 SD view below.jpg
Tennessee 31 [13] October 9, 1960August 21, 2020 Kurz and Allison - Battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864.jpg
Texas 49December 19, 1960January 13, 2021 Alamo.jpg
Utah 14January 20, 1961June 23, 2011 Bingham Canyon April 2005.jpg
Vermont 18September 22, 1960August 25, 2014 Round church richmond vermont 20040808.jpg
Virginia 123October 7, 1960January 13, 2021 James Madison's Montpelier (1).jpg
Washington 24 [18] July 4, 1961August 19, 2008 Pergola.jpg
West Virginia 16July 19, 1964July 31, 2003 Weston State Hospital.jpg
Wisconsin 44October 9, 1960January 13, 2021 Looking at Taliesin from Hill Crown.jpg
Wyoming 27December 19, 1960December 23, 2016 Old Faithful Inn main facade.jpg
District of Columbia 75 [12] December 19, 1960January 13, 2021 Library of Congress Great Hall - Jan 2006.jpg
U.S. Commonwealths
and Territories
[19]
17October 9, 1960March 11, 2013 USVI St. Thomas - Charlotte Amalie - Blackbeard Castle.JPG
Associated States [20] 5December 17, 1982September 16, 1985 Battle of Peleliu2.jpg
Foreign States [21] 1December 17, 1982December 17, 1982 American-legation-tangier-2.jpg
Duplicates(19) Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey front.jpg
Total2,616June 30, 1960January 13, 2021

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved September 21, 2007.
  2. 1 2 "Title 36 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 65". US Government Printing Office. Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
  3. 1 2 National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
  4. 1 2 Hoover Dam overlaps and is counted in both Arizona and Nevada.
  5. 1 2 Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites included in both Arizona and California
  6. 1 2 Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge included in California and Oregon
  7. 1 2 Raton Pass and Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension included in Colorado and New Mexico.
  8. 1 2 Lemhi Pass and Lolo Trail appear in Idaho and in Montana.
  9. 1 2 Eads Bridge overlaps and is counted in both Illinois and Missouri
  10. 1 2 Blood Run Site included in Iowa and South Dakota
  11. 1 2 Covington and Cincinnati Suspension Bridge included in Kentucky and Ohio
  12. 1 2 Washington Aqueduct included in both Maryland and Washington, D.C.
  13. 1 2 Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites included in Mississippi and Tennessee
  14. 1 2 Holland Tunnel and Palisades Interstate Park included in both New Jersey and New York
  15. 1 2 Minisink Archeological Site and Washington's Crossing included in New Jersey and Pennsylvania
  16. 1 2 Delaware and Hudson Canal included in New York and Pennsylvania
  17. 1 2 Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey included in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
  18. 1 2 Bonneville Dam Historic District included in Oregon and Washington
  19. The U.S. Commonwealths and Territories having NHLs are: American Samoa (with 2), Midway Islands (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Puerto Rico (4), Virgin Islands (5), and Wake Island (1).
  20. The Associated States having NHLs are Marshall Islands (with 2), Federated States of Micronesia (2), and Palau (1).
  21. The only foreign state having a U.S. NHL is Morocco (with 1 NHL).

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References