All of the United States' 50 states have a state motto, as do the District of Columbia, and 3 U.S. territories. A motto is a phrase intended to formally describe the general motivation or intention of an organization. State mottos can sometimes be found on state seals or state flags. Some states have officially designated a state motto by an act of the state legislature, whereas other states have the motto only as an element of their seals. The motto of the United States itself is In God We Trust , proclaimed by Congress and signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 30, 1956.The motto E Pluribus Unum (Latin for "One from many") was approved for use on the Great Seal of the United States in 1782, but was never adopted as the national motto through legislative action.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
A motto is a maxim; a phrase meant to formally summarize the general motivation or intention of an individual, family, social group or organization. Mottos are usually found predominantly in written form, and may stem from long traditions of social foundations, or from significant events, such as a civil war or a revolution. A motto may be in any language, but Latin has been widely used, especially in the Western world.
South Carolina has two official mottos, both of which are in Latin.Kentucky, North Dakota, and Vermont also have two mottos, one in Latin and the other in English. All other states and territories have only one motto, except Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, which do not have any mottos. English and Latin are the most-used languages for state mottos, each used by 25 states and territories. Seven states and territories use another language, of which each language is only used once. Eight states and two territories have their mottos on their state quarter; thirty-eight states and four territories have their mottos on their state seals.
South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.
The dates given are, where possible, the earliest date that the motto was used in an official sense. Some state mottos are not official but are on the official state seal; in these cases the adoption date of the seal is given. The earliest use of a current motto is that of Puerto Rico, Johannes est nomen ejus, granted to the island by the Spanish in 1511.
Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.
|Audemus jura nostra defendere||We dare defend our rights!||Latin||1923|
|North to the future||—||English||1967|
|Samoa, Muamua Le Atua||Samoa, let God be first||Samoan||1973|
|Ditat Deus||God enriches||Latin||1863|
|Regnat populus||The people rule||Latin||1907|
|Eureka (Εὕρηκα)||I have found it||Greek||1849|
|Nil sine numine||Nothing without providence.||Latin||November 6, 1861|
|Qui transtulit sustinet||He who transplanted sustains||Latin||October 9, 1662|
|Liberty and Independence||—||English||1847|
|Justitia Omnibus||Justice for All||Latin||August 3, 1871|
|In God We Trust||—||English||1868|
|Wisdom, Justice, Moderation||—||English||1798|
|Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻāina i ka pono||The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.||Hawaiian||July 31, 1843|
|Esto perpetua||Let it be perpetual||Latin||1890|
|State sovereignty, national union||—||English||1819|
|The Crossroads of America||—||English||1937|
|Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain||—||English||1847|
|Ad astra per aspera||To the stars through difficulties||Latin||1861|
| United we stand, divided we fall |
Deo gratiam habeamus
Let us be grateful to God
| English |
|Union, justice, confidence||—||English||1902|
|Fatti maschii, parole femine||Manly deeds, womanly words||Italian||1874|
|Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem||By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty||Latin||1775|
|Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice||If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you||Latin||June 2, 1835|
|L'étoile du Nord||The star of the North||French||1861|
|Virtute et armis||By valor and arms||Latin||February 7, 1894|
|Salus populi suprema lex esto||Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law||Latin||January 11, 1822|
|Oro y plata||Gold and silver||Spanish||February 9, 1865|
|Equality before the law||—||English||1867|
|All For Our Country||—||English||February 24, 1866|
|Live Free or Die||—||English||1945|
|Liberty and prosperity||—||English||March 26, 1928|
|Crescit eundo||It grows as it goes||Latin||1887|
|Esse quam videri||To be, rather than to seem||Latin||1893|
| Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable |
Serit ut alteri saeclo prosit
One sows for the benefit of another age
| English |
|January 3, 1863|
March 11, 2011
|With God, all things are possible||—||English||October 1, 1959|
|Labor omnia vincit||Labor conquers all things||Latin||March 10, 1893|
|Alis volat propriis||She flies with her own wings||Latin||1854|
|Virtue, liberty, and independence||—||English||1875|
|Joannes Est Nomen Ejus||John is his name||Latin||1511|
|Hope||—||English||May 4, 1664|
| Dum spiro spero |
Animis opibusque parati
|While I breathe, I hope |
Ready in soul and resource
|Latin||May 22, 1777|
|Under God the people rule||—||English||1885|
|Agriculture and Commerce||—||English||May 24, 1802|
|Industry||English||May 3, 1896|
| Freedom and Unity |
Stella quarta decima fulgeat
May the fourteenth star shine bright
| English |
|February 20, 1779|
April 10, 2015
|Sic semper tyrannis||Thus always to tyrants||Latin||1776|
|United in Pride and Hope||—||English||January 1, 1991|
|Al-ki or Alki||Bye and bye||Chinook Jargon||—|
|Montani semper liberi||Mountaineers are always free||Latin||September 26, 1863|
The modern motto of the United States of America, as established in a 1956 law signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, is "In God We Trust". The phrase first appeared on U.S. coins in 1864.
The flags of the U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia exhibit a variety of regional influences and local histories, as well as different styles and design principles. Nonetheless, the majority of the states' flags share the same design pattern consisting of the state seal superimposed on a monochrome background, commonly every different shade of blue.
The following are lists of U.S. state, district, and territorial symbols as recognized by the state legislatures, territorial legislatures, or tradition. Some, such as flags, seals, and birds have been created or chosen by all U.S. polities, while others, such as state crustaceans, state mushrooms, and state toys have been chosen by only a few.
The coat of arms of Puerto Rico was first granted by the Spanish Crown in 1511, making it the oldest heraldic achievement still currently in use in the Americas. The territory was ceded by Spain to the United States in accordance to the peace treaty that ended the Spanish–American War in 1899, after which two interim arms were adopted briefly. A law was passed in 1905 that re-established the historical armorial bearings as the arms of the territory; after numerous investigations and amendments, the current version was adopted in 1976.
The Great Seal of the State of Maryland is the official government emblem of the U.S. state of Maryland. Its official service is to authenticate acts by the General Assembly of Maryland, but it is also used for display purposes at most state buildings. Although the state seal has been changed in design several times throughout history, the current model represents the reverse side of the original seal.
Secretary of state is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States, as well as Puerto Rico and other U.S. possessions. In Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, this official is called the secretary of the commonwealth. In states that have one, the secretary of state is the chief clerk of the state, and is often the primary custodian of important state records. In the states of Alaska, Hawaii, and Utah, there is no secretary of state; in those states many duties that a secretary of state might normally execute fall within the domain of the lieutenant governor. Like the lieutenant governor, in most states the secretary of state is in the line of succession to succeed the governor, in most cases immediately behind the lieutenant governor. In three states with no lieutenant governor as well as the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, the secretary of state is first in the line of succession in the event of a gubernatorial vacancy.
The District of Columbia and United States Territories Quarter Program was a one-year coin program of the United States Mint that saw quarters being minted in 2009 to honor the District of Columbia and the unincorporated United States insular areas of Puerto Rico, Guam, United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands. The islands commonly grouped together as the United States Minor Outlying Islands were not featured, as the law defined the word "territory" as being limited to the areas mentioned above. It followed the completion of the 50 State Quarters program. The coins used the same George Washington obverse as with the quarters of the previous ten years. The reverse of the quarters featured a design selected by the Mint depicting of the federal district and each territory. Unlike on the 50 State quarters, the motto "E Pluribus Unum" preceded and was the same size as the mint date on the reverse.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.