List of U.S. state shells

Last updated

This is a list of official state shells for those states of the United States that have chosen to select one as part of their state insignia. [1]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

These are seashells, the shells of various marine mollusks including both gastropod and bivalves. Each one was chosen to represent a maritime state, based on the fact that the species occurs in that state and was considered suitable to represent the state, either because of the species' commercial importance as a local seafood item, or because of its beauty, rarity, exceptional size, or other features.

Seashell hard, protective outer layer created by an animal that lives in the sea

A seashell or sea shell, also known simply as a shell, is a hard, protective outer layer created by an animal that lives in the sea. The shell is part of the body of the animal. Empty seashells are often found washed up on beaches by beachcombers. The shells are empty because the animal has died and the soft parts have been eaten by another animal or have decomposed.

Seafood food from the sea, e.g. fish, shrimp, crab, mussel, seaweed

Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans. Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish. Shellfish include various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms. Historically, sea mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent in modern times. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are widely eaten as seafood around the world, especially in Asia. In North America, although not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so all edible aquatic life may be referred to as seafood. For the sake of completeness, this article includes all edible aquatic life.

Table

State Shell Image Year designated
Alabama
Johnstone's junonia

Scaphella junonia ssp. johnstoneae
Scaphella junonia.jpg 1990 [2]
Connecticut
Eastern oyster

Crassostrea virginica

Crassostrea virginica 01.jpg 1989
Florida Horse conch

Triplofusus papillosus
Pleuroploca gigantea.jpg 1969
Georgia Knobbed whelk

Busycon carica
Busycon carica.jpg 1987
Massachusetts Wrinkled whelk or New England Neptune

Neptunea lyrata ssp. decemcostata
Neptunea lyrata shell.jpg 1987
Mississippi
Eastern oyster

Crassostrea virginica
Crassostrea virginica 01.jpg 1974
New Jersey Knobbed whelk

Busycon carica
Busycon carica.jpg 1995
New York Bay scallop

Argopecten irradians
Argopecten irradians.jpg 1988
North Carolina Scotch bonnet

Semicassis granulata
Semicassis Granulata Apertural.jpg 1965 [3]
Oregon Oregon hairy triton

Fusitriton oregonensis
Fusitriton oregonensis 3.jpg 1989
Rhode Island Northern quahog

Mercenaria mercenaria
LittleNeck clams USDA96c1862.jpg 1987
South Carolina Lettered olive

Oliva sayana
Lettered olive 0015.jpg 1984
Texas
Lightning whelk or Prickly whelk

Sinistrofulgur perversum ssp. pulleyi
Busycon perversum 01.JPG 1989
Virginia
Eastern oyster

Crassostrea virginica
Crassostrea virginica 01.jpg 1974

See also

Related Research Articles

The following state parks in the United States are listed by individual state:

The following are lists of U.S. state, district, and territorial symbols as recognized by the state legislatures, territorial legislatures, or tradition. Some, such as flags, seals, and birds have been created or chosen by all U.S. polities, while others, such as state crustaceans, state mushrooms, and state toys have been chosen by only a few.

Common box turtle species of reptile

The common box turtle is a species of box turtle with six existing subspecies. It is found throughout the Eastern United States and Mexico. The box turtle has a distinctive hinged lowered shell that allows it to completely enclose itself. Its upper jaw is long and curved.

References

  1. List of all state shells http://www.jaxshells.org/listing.htm
  2. "Alabama Shell". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2001-07-12. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  3. "Official State Symbols of North Carolina". North Carolina State Library. State of North Carolina. Retrieved 2008-01-26.