Robert Gates

Last updated

The attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, opened a gusher of defense spending that nearly doubled the base budget over the last decade ... Military spending on things large and small can and should expect closer, harsher scrutiny. The gusher has been turned off, and will stay off for a good period of time. [77] [78]

Gates speaks to Navy SEAL trainees, NAB Coronado, California, 2010 US Navy 100813-N-7883G-125 Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates congratulates a candidate from Basic Underwater Demolition-Sea, Air and Land (BUD-S) class 284 after securing him and his peers from Hell Week.jpg
Gates speaks to Navy SEAL trainees, NAB Coronado, California, 2010

It was announced in August 2010 that Gates was trying to find $100 billion in Defense savings through to 2015, in order to instill a "culture of savings and restraint" in the military. Secretary Gates said that "It is important that we do not repeat the mistakes of the past, where tough economic times or the winding down of a military campaign leads to steep and unwise reductions in defense". Gates said "As a matter of principle and political reality, the Department of Defense cannot expect America's elected representatives to approve budget increases each year unless we are doing a good job, indeed everything possible, to make every dollar count". [79] These cuts included the closing of the Joint Forces Command, the redundancy of fifty general and admirals, and the removal of 150 senior civilian positions.

NATO comments

On January 16, 2008, Gates was quoted in the Los Angeles Times as saying NATO forces in southern Afghanistan do not know how to properly combat a guerrilla insurgency and that could be contributing to rising violence in the country. [80] The Netherlands [81] and United Kingdom [82] protested.

In a June 10, 2011 speech in Brussels, [83] before NATO, Gates again stated that other NATO members must do more as the United States tackles its budget deficit. He said bluntly that [84]

In the past, I've worried openly about NATO turning into a two-tiered alliance: Between members who specialize in "soft" humanitarian, development, peacekeeping and talking tasks, and those conducting the "hard" combat missions. Between those willing and able to pay the price and bear the burdens of alliance commitments, and those who enjoy the benefits of NATO membership—be they security guarantees or headquarters billets—but don't want to share the risks and the costs. This is no longer a hypothetical worry. We are there today. And it is unacceptable. The blunt reality is that there will be dwindling appetite and patience in the U.S. Congress—and in the American body politic writ large—to expend increasingly precious funds on behalf of nations that are apparently unwilling to devote the necessary resources or make the necessary changes to be serious and capable partners in their own defense. Nations apparently willing and eager for American taxpayers to assume the growing security burden left by reductions in European defense budgets. Indeed, if current trends in the decline of European defense capabilities are not halted and reversed, future U.S. political leaders—those for whom the Cold War was not the formative experience that it was for me—may not consider the return on America's investment in NATO worth the cost.

Post-Obama administration

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel speaks with Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, November 2013 Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, center, speaks with former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, right, and former Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta at the Peace Through Strength Forum and Awards dinner at 131116-D-BW835-1440.jpg
Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel speaks with Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, November 2013
Gates at the LBJ Library in 2016 DIG13834-047.jpg
Gates at the LBJ Library in 2016

Gates is a Principal, along with Condoleezza Rice, Stephen Hadley and Anja Manuel, in RiceHadleyGates LLC, a strategic consulting firm. [85]

On September 6, 2011, it was announced that Gates had accepted the position of chancellor at the College of William & Mary, succeeding Sandra Day O'Connor. [86] He took the office of the chancellor on February 3, 2012. [87]

On May 2, 2012, Starbucks Corporation announced that Gates had been elected to the Starbucks board of directors. He will serve on the board's nominating and corporate governance committee. [88]

On October 30, 2013, the Boy Scouts of America announced that Gates had been elected to the National executive board. While on this board, he will serve as the national president-elect. In May 2014, he began a two-year-long term as the BSA national president. Randall Stephenson, chairman and chief executive officer of AT&T Inc. serves under Gates as the president-elect. Gates has succeeded Wayne Perry as the national president. [89] On May 21, 2015, Gates stated that the "status quo [ban on gay adult leaders] in [the BSA] movement's membership standards cannot be sustained" and that he would no longer seek to revoke the charters of scout units that accept gay adult leaders. [90]

In his memoir, Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War, Gates alternately criticized and praised Obama's military leadership, writing, "I never doubted [his] support for the troops, only his support for their mission [in Afghanistan]", and "I was very proud to work for a president who had made one of the most courageous decisions I had ever witnessed in the White House [by authorizing the raid against Osama bin Laden]." [91] [92]

In the wake of the annexation of Crimea in March 2014, Gates wrote an op-ed piece on Vladimir Putin, Russian expansionism, the nascent sanctions regime, the US military budget, and the need for bold leadership. [93]

Gates, along with former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and other Republican former foreign policy officials, recommended to incoming president Donald Trump that Exxon CEO Rex Tillerson be considered for the Trump Administration as Secretary of State. [94] [95]

In September 2018, Gates was re-appointed to serve a second seven-year term as chancellor at the College of William & Mary. [96]

Gates also serves as an honorary director on the board of directors at the Atlantic Council. [97]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Gates participated as a member of the National Advisory Council for the COVID Collaborative. [98]


Gates responds to a question during the Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on December 5, 2006 Robert-Gates Armed-Services-Committee.JPEG
Gates responds to a question during the Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on December 5, 2006

As deputy director and director of America's leading intelligence agency for many years, Gates and his CIA staff have been faulted for failing to accurately gauge the decline and disintegration of the Soviet Union. More particularly, Gates has been criticized for allegedly concocting evidence to show that the Soviet Union was stronger than it actually was. [99] George Shultz said that, while Secretary of State from 1982 to 1989, he felt the CIA under Gates was trying to "manipulate" him, that the agency was "a big powerful machine not under good control. I distrust what comes out of it." [100] Shultz personally convinced Reagan that the U.S. should soften her stance towards the USSR after Gorbachev came to power in 1985; Shultz told Gates at the time that his CIA was "usually wrong" about the Soviet Union, having dismissed Gorbachev's policies as "just another Soviet attempt to deceive us." [101] In 1991, Stansfield Turner, former Director of Central Intelligence, described the "enormity of this failure to forecast the magnitude of the Soviet crisis. ... I never heard a suggestion from the CIA ... that numerous Soviets recognized a growing systemic economic problem." [102] Turner said this failure was a consequence of deliberate distortion by those in the upper echelon of the CIA who were helping to sell the Reagan administration's defense buildup, a view backed by former CIA analyst Melvin Goodman at Gates' 1991 confirmation hearings: "[William] Casey seized on every opportunity to exaggerate the Soviet threat ... [while] Gates' role in this activity was to corrupt the process and the ethics of intelligence." [103] Reviewing the third installment of Gates' memoirs in 2016, Goodman said, "In my 24 years at the CIA, there was never the kind of toxic atmosphere that existed when Gates served as deputy director for intelligence, deputy director of CIA, and finally director of CIA." [104] Also, according to Newsweek, Gates, as deputy director of CIA, allegedly vouched for the comprehensiveness of a CIA study presented to the Senate and President Reagan alleging that the Soviet Union played a role in the 1981 shooting of Pope John Paul II. A CIA internal review later denounced the report as being skewed, [99] but that Gates did not try to influence the report's conclusions. [105]

Shortly after his retirement from his tenure as Defense Secretary in summer 2011, during a meeting of the National Security Council Principals Committee, Gates highlighted many of the measures taken by the U.S. to advance Israel's security during the Obama Administration, including providing access to state of the art weaponry, assisting with the development of missile-defense systems, and sharing high-level intelligence, before expressing his view that the U.S. has received nothing in return from the Israeli government with regards to the peace process. According to senior U.S. administration sources, other officials present offered no rebuttal to Gates' analysis. This was not the first time Gates publicly expressed frustration with the Netanyahu government, with which he had worked hard to provide wide-scale and deep military cooperation. [106] The Likud party of Israel responded to Gates' description of Benjamin Netanyahu as a danger to Israel's future by claiming that most Israelis support the prime minister. [107]

Awards and decorations

Gates' awards and decorations include:

Government awards
Other awards

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donald Rumsfeld</span> American politician (1932–2021)

Donald Henry Rumsfeld was an American politician, government official and businessman who served as Secretary of Defense from 1975 to 1977 under president Gerald Ford, and again from 2001 to 2006 under President George W. Bush. He was both the youngest and the oldest secretary of defense. Additionally, Rumsfeld was a three-term U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1963–1969), director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (1969–1970), counselor to the president (1969–1973), the U.S. Representative to NATO (1973–1974), and the White House Chief of Staff (1974–1975). Between his terms as secretary of defense, he served as the CEO and chairman of several companies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">United States Secretary of Defense</span> Leader of the United States armed forces following the president

The United States secretary of defense (SecDef) is the head of the United States Department of Defense, the executive department of the U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high ranking member of the federal cabinet. The secretary of defense's position of command and authority over the military is second only to that of the president of the United States, who is the commander-in-chief. This position corresponds to what is generally known as a defense minister in many other countries. The secretary of defense is appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, and is by custom a member of the Cabinet and by law a member of the National Security Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Douglas J. Feith</span> American lawyer

Douglas Jay Feith served as the under secretary of Defense for Policy for United States president George W. Bush, from July 2001 until August 2005. He is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, a conservative think tank.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chuck Hagel</span> American military veteran and former politician

Charles Timothy Hagel is an American military veteran and former politician who served as a United States senator from Nebraska from 1997 to 2009 and as the 24th United States secretary of defense from 2013 to 2015 in the Obama administration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Director of National Intelligence</span> US Cabinet-level government official

The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a senior, cabinet-level United States government official, required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to serve as executive head of the United States Intelligence Community (IC) and to direct and oversee the National Intelligence Program (NIP). All IC agencies report directly to the DNI. The DNI also serves, upon invitation, as an advisor to the president of the United States, the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council on all intelligence matters. The DNI, supported by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), produces the President's Daily Brief (PDB), a top-secret document including intelligence from all IC agencies, handed each morning to the president of the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gordon R. England</span> American politician and businessman

Gordon Richard England is an American politician and businessman who was the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and twice served as the U.S. Secretary of the Navy in the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leon Panetta</span> American politician, Secretary of Defense 2011–2013

Leon Edward Panetta is an American Democratic Party politician who has served in several different public office positions, including Secretary of Defense, CIA Director, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and as a U.S. Representative from California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michèle Flournoy</span> American defense policy advisor

Michèle Angélique Flournoy is an American defense policy advisor and former government official. She was Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy under President Bill Clinton and Under Secretary of Defense for Policy under President Barack Obama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John M. McHugh</span> United States Secretary of the Army and a former Republican politician

John Michael McHugh is an American politician from the U.S. state of New York who served as the 21st United States Secretary of the Army, and represented the state's 23rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ash Carter</span> United States Secretary of Defense

Ashton Baldwin Carter is an American public policy professor who served as the 25th secretary of defense from February 2015 to January 2017. He is currently director of the Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William J. Haynes II</span>

William James "Jim" Haynes II is an American lawyer and was General Counsel of the Department of Defense during much of 43rd President George W. Bush's administration and his war on terror. Haynes resigned as general counsel effective March 2008.

"Enhanced interrogation techniques" or "enhanced interrogation" is a euphemism for the program of systematic torture of detainees by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and various components of the U.S. Armed Forces at remote sites around the world, including Bagram, Guantanamo Bay, Abu Ghraib, and Bucharest authorized by officials of the George W. Bush administration. Methods used included beating, binding in contorted stress positions, hooding, subjection to deafening noise, sleep disruption, sleep deprivation to the point of hallucination, deprivation of food, drink, and medical care for wounds, as well as waterboarding, walling, sexual humiliation, subjection to extreme heat or extreme cold, and confinement in small coffin-like boxes. A Guantanamo inmate's drawings of some of these tortures, to which he himself was subjected, were published in The New York Times. Some of these techniques fall under the category known as "white torture". Several detainees endured medically unnecessary "rectal rehydration", "rectal fluid resuscitation", and "rectal feeding". In addition to brutalizing detainees, there were threats to their families such as threats to harm children, and threats to sexually abuse or to cut the throat of detainees' mothers.

The Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB) is an advisory committee established by the United States Congress with the official mandate of promoting the fullest possible public access to a thorough, accurate, and reliable documentary record of significant U.S. national security decisions and activities. The Board is composed of nine individuals: five appointed by the President of the United States and one each appointed by the Speaker of the House, House Minority Leader, Senate Majority Leader, and Senate Minority Leader. Appointees must be U.S. citizens preeminent in the fields of history, national security, foreign policy, intelligence policy, social science, law, or archives.

Membership in the Council on Foreign Relations comes in two types: Individual and Corporate. Individual memberships are further subdivided into two types: Life Membership and Term Membership, the latter of which is for a single period of five years and is available to those between the ages of 30 and 36 at the time of their application. Only U.S. citizens and permanent residents who have applied for U.S. citizenship are eligible. A candidate for life membership must be nominated in writing by one Council member and seconded by a minimum of three others.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael G. Vickers</span> American warfare theorist

Michael George Vickers is an American defense official who served as the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USD-I). As USD-I, Vickers, who was appointed by President Barack Obama in 2010, was the Defense Department's top civilian military intelligence official. Before becoming USD-I, Vickers served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict.

Robert G. Gard Jr. United States Army general

Robert Gibbins Gard Jr. is a retired United States Army lieutenant general and former chairman of the board of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation where his work focuses on nuclear nonproliferation, missile defense, Iraq, Iran, military policy, nuclear terrorism, and other national security issues.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael B. Donley</span> United States government official, 22nd United States Secretary of the Air Force

Michael Bruce Donley is a United States government official who is the director of administration and management in the Office of the Secretary of Defense since May 2021, having served in the same position from 2005 to 2008. In the Bush and Obama administrations, Donley served as the 22nd secretary of the Air Force, amongst other positions. Donley has 30 years of experience in the national security community, including service on the staff of the United States Senate, White House and The Pentagon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanley A. McChrystal</span> US Army general

Stanley Allen McChrystal is a retired United States Army general best known for his command of Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) from 2003 to 2008 where his organization was credited with the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq. His final assignment was as Commander, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and Commander, United States Forces – Afghanistan (USFOR-A). He previously served as Director, Joint Staff from August 2008 to June 2009. McChrystal received criticism for his alleged role in the cover-up of the Pat Tillman friendly fire incident. McChrystal was reportedly known for saying what other military leaders were thinking but were afraid to say; this was one of the reasons cited for his appointment to lead all forces in Afghanistan. He held the post from June 15, 2009, to June 23, 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bradley M. Berkson</span>

Brad Berkson is an American businessman and former government official who served as the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation in the United States Department of Defense. Berkson also served as the Acting Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Materiel Readiness, now termed Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment. Berkson led Secretary of Defense Robert Gates' Intelligence, Surveillance, & Reconnaissance Task Force. Berkson served in the Bush Administration and remained in the Obama Administration until April, 2009.

<i>Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War</i> Book by Robert Gates

Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War is a nonfiction book written by Robert M. Gates, a former U.S. Secretary of Defense. It was published in January 2014 by Alfred A. Knopf. The time period is from 2006 to 2011, and includes the George W. Bush administration (2006–2009), the Obama administration (2009–2011), the Afghan war, and the Iraq War.



  1. "Gates: Military looks to accelerate Iraq pullout". NBC News. Associated Press. December 1, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2009. Gates also cleared up confusion about his political affiliation. During his tenure at the CIA, he said, he thought he should be apolitical so he did not register with a political party. But, he added, "I consider myself a Republican."
  2. Gates, Robert (1996). From The Shadows (2006 Paperback ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp.  20–21.
  3. "Robert M. Gates – George W. Bush / Barack Obama Administration". Office of the Secretary of Defense – Historical Office.
  4. 1 2 Brzezinski, Zbigniew (2007). "Robert Gates". Time . Archived from the original on May 5, 2008.
  5. "America's Best Leaders: Robert Gates, U.S. Secretary of Defense" . Retrieved November 25, 2008.
  6. 1 2 "Key members of Obama-Biden national security team announced". (Press release). December 1, 2008. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
  7. "Looking Back, Gates Says He's Grown Wary of 'Wars of Choice'". The New York Times. June 18, 2011.
  8. 1 2 "Obama Awards Gates Presidential Medal of Freedom". American Forces Press Service via June 30, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  9. "robert gates". Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  10. "Scouting magazine: List of Silver Buffalo recipients". Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  11. "Distinguished Eagle Scouts" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 8, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
  12. Townley, Alvin (2007). Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 217–218. ISBN   978-0-312-36653-7 . Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  13. Shane, Scott (November 19, 2006). "Pentagon Pick Returns to City He Gladly Left". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved September 25, 2006.
  14. Wendell, Bryan (February 16, 2018). "BSA names its National Alumnus of the Year for 2018". Bryan on Scouting. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  15. 1 2 Whitson, Brian (December 8, 2006). "Senate confirms Gates ('65) as U.S. Secretary of Defense". W&M News. College of William & Mary Office of University Relations. Front. Retrieved November 9, 2006.
  16. Soviet Sinology: An Untapped Source for Kremlin Views and Disputes Relating to Contemporary Events in China via Google Scholar. University Microfilms International document number 7421652
  17. Straszheim, Deborah (February 6, 1998). "W&m Charter Day To Honor Gilmore". Daily Press. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  18. "Five Outstanding Individuals to Receive Honorary Degrees at OU Commencement". Public Affairs, University of Oklahoma. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  19. "Georgetown Announces Speakers for 2014 Commencement". Georgetown University. May 1, 2014. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
  20. 1 2 Gates, Robert (April 21, 2008). "Secretary Gates Remarks at Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, Montgomery Alabama" (transcript). DefenseLink News. US Department of Defense. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
  21. "Becky Gates".
  22. 1 2 "DefenseLink Biography: Robert M. Gates". U.S. Dept. of Defense. July 2007. Retrieved April 21, 2008.
  23. Powers, Thomas (June 20, 1996). "Who Won the Cold War?". New York Review of Books. Vol. 43, no. 11. Archived from the original on September 13, 2005.
  24. "AllGov – Officials".
  25. "Gates to Withdraw as CIA Nominee". Washington Post. March 2, 1987. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  26. "Robert Gates Fast Facts". Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  27. "Ex-Aide Calls CIA Under Casey and Gates Corrupt and Slanted", Paul Horvitz. New York Times. October 2, 1991. Accessed June 8, 2011
  28. "Los Angeles Times, November 25, 2006, free archived version at, lase visited November 26, 2006". Archived from the original on June 22, 2007.
  29. "Iran-Contra Report". Chapter 16.
  30. Walsh, Lawrence E. (August 4, 1993). "Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters".; in particular, Chapter 16, "Robert M. Gates"
  31. "Honorary degree recipients". Archived from the original on March 6, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  32. Texas A&M press release Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , July 1999.
  33. Gates, Robert M. (2005). "Texas A&M Academic Convocation" (PDF). Texas A&M University. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2006.
  34. "Aggies Wrap First Week of Fall Camp with Pair of Workouts" (Press release). Texas A&M University Athletic Department. August 11, 2007. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  35. "History of the Office". Texas A&M University. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  36. "Speaker". Archived from the original on March 7, 2009.
  37. "FBI Director Appoints National Security Higher Education Advisory Board". FBI.
  38. Lewellen-Biddle, Mark (December 11, 2003). "Voting Machines Gone Wild!". In These Times. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  39. Theimer, Sharon (December 6, 2006). "Gates' Assets Include Defense Stock". Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  40. "NESA Mourns Loss of Eagles in Operation Iraqi Freedom". Boy Scouts of America. 2008. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  41. Iran: Time for a New Approach Archived December 3, 2006, at the Wayback Machine , final report of an independent task force, July 2004, Council of Foreign Relations Press
  42. "Gates Turns Down Bush Administration Position". February 1, 2005. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
  43. "Bush names Negroponte intelligence chief". CNN. February 18, 2005. Archived from the original on September 22, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2006.
  44. Esterbrook, John (November 8, 2006). "A Closer Look At Robert Gates". CBS News. Retrieved February 3, 2009.
  45. "Bush replaces Rumsfeld to get 'fresh perspective'". CNN. November 8, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2006.
  46. Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Jim Rutenberg (November 8, 2006). "Rumsfeld Resigns as Defense Secretary After Big Election Gains for Democrats". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2006.
  47. Garamone, Jim (December 6, 2006). "Senate Confirms Gates as 22nd Defense Secretary". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
  48. "Robert Gates confirmed as secretary of defense". NBC News. Associated Press. December 6, 2006. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
  49. "New US defence secretary sworn in". BBC News. December 18, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006.
  50. "Gates: Troop Surge Will Take Time to Judge". June 16, 2007. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  51. "[Unknown title]". Washington Post. February 21, 2007. Archived from the original on January 7, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  52. "Army surgeon general ousted amid Walter Reed scandal". CNN. March 12, 2007. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008.
  53. "DoD News Briefing with Secretary Robert Gates from the Pentagon". U.S. Department of Defense. June 8, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2015.
  54. "DoD News Briefing with Secretary Gates from the Pentagon". U.S. Department of Defense. June 5, 2008. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
  55. "Gates Versus the Air Force". Air Force Association. February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  56. "Gates Cabinet Appointment 'A Done Deal'". Political Radar. ABC News. November 25, 2008. Archived from the original (Blog) on January 27, 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
  57. Fireman, Ken; Capaccio, Tony (December 2, 2008). "Gates Says Review of Afghanistan Policy Will Be 'High Priority'" (Article). Worldwide News. Bloomberg . Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  58. "Defense Secretary Gates to be 'designated successor' Tuesday". CNN. January 20, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
  59. Rueb, Emily S. (March 2, 2009). "Gates Defends Iraq Withdrawal Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  60. "Gates against further surge of US troops in Afghanistan". The Times of India. May 4, 2009.
  61. 1 2 Scott Tyson, Ann (May 12, 2009). "Top U.S. Commander in Afghanistan Is Fired". Washington Post . Archived from the original on February 4, 2011.
  62. Dreazen, Yochi J.; Spiegel, Peter (May 12, 2009). "U.S. Fires Afghan War Chief: Four-Star General Replaced by Counterinsurgency Expert as Campaign Stumbles". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 15, 2009.
  63. "Karzai Delays Naming Cabinet as Pentagon Chief Lands for Talks".
  64. Rubin, Elizabeth (February 3, 2010). "What Is Robert Gates Really Fighting For?". Time. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  65. Dempsey, Judy (March 3, 2010). "Shaping Policy by Playing Safe". The New York Times.
  66. "Women Allowed on Submarines". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 30, 2010.
  67. "Gates: Pentagon preparing repeal of 'don't ask, don't tell' policy". February 2, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  68. "Gates approves new regs on gays in military". March 25, 2010.
  69. "The Transformer". Foreign Policy.
  70. "Secretary of Defense Robert Gates to retire; says '2011 sounds pretty good'". New York Daily News. August 16, 2010.
  71. Pellerin, Cheryl (March 20, 2011). "Gates: Military Effort in Libya One Part of Solution". American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  72. Crawford, Jamie (May 1, 2012). "The bin Laden Situation Room revisited – One year later". CNN – Security Clearance. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
  73. "Gates Announces Major Pentagon Priority Shifts." CNN, April 9, 2009. Retrieved: April 14, 2009.
  74. "United States Department of Defense". Archived from the original on July 20, 2009.
  75. "Gates confronts cost of new subs". Politico.
  76. "DailyTech – Officials Question the Need For Expensive U.S. Navy Ships". Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  77. 1 2 Shanker, Thom (May 8, 2010). "Gates Takes Aim at Pentagon Spending". The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
  78. 1 2 Jaffe, Greg (May 9, 2010). "Gates: Cuts in Pentagon bureaucracy needed to help maintain military force". Washington Post. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
  79. "Gates announces major job cuts as Pentagon looks to cut spending". TheHill. August 9, 2010.
  80. Spiegel, Peter (January 16, 2008). "Gates says NATO force unable to fight guerrillas". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  81. "U.S. envoy quizzed on Gates' remarks". Los Angeles Times. January 17, 2008.
  82. Evans, Michael (January 17, 2008). "Outrage as US accuses Britain of inexperience in Taleban conflict". The Times. London. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  83. "Speech View".
  84. Shanker, Thom (June 10, 2011). "Defense Secretary Warns NATO of 'Dim' Future". The New York Times. U.S. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
  85. "The RiceHadleyGates Team". Rice Hadley Gates LLC.
  86. Ukman, Jason (September 6, 2011). "Gates takes chancellor's post at William and Mary". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012.
  87. Karas, Rachel (February 3, 2012). "Gates becomes newest William and Mary chancellor". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 23, 2014.
  88. "Starbucks names Robert Gates as board member". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. May 2, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  89. "Chief's Corner – Scouting Wire". Scouting Wire.
  90. "Robert Gates: Boy Scouts' ban on gay troop leaders not sustainable". Yahoo News. May 21, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  91. "Pentagon ex-head Gates criticises Obama's Afghan tactics". BBC News . Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  92. Cloud, David S. (January 7, 2014). "Ex-Defense Secretary Robert Gates has harsh words for Obama and Biden". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  93. Gates, Robert M. (March 25, 2014). "Robert Gates: Putin's Challenge to the West – WSJ". WSJ.
  94. Nicholas, Peter; Bender, Michael C.; Lee, Carol E. (December 14, 2016). "How Rex Tillerson, a Late Entry to Be Secretary of State, Got Donald Trump's Nod". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  95. Schleifer, Theodore; Labott, Elise; Krieg, Gregory (December 13, 2016). "GOP heavyweights with ties to Exxon pushed Tillerson". CNN. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  96. "Robert M. Gates to be reappointed as W&M Chancellor". Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  97. "Board of Directors". Atlantic Council. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  98. "About". COVID Collaborative. Archived from the original on May 15, 2022. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  99. 1 2 "Old Names, Old Scandals". Newsweek . November 8, 2006. Archived from the original on November 18, 2006.
  100. Schultz, George P. (1996). Turmoil and Triumph: Diplomacy, Power, and the Victory of the American Deal. New York, NY: Scriber. 1924–5.
  101. Smolansky, Bettie M.; Smolansky, Oles M., eds. (2001). The Lost Equilibrium: International Relations in the Post-Soviet Era. p.  28.
  102. Moynihan, Daniel P.; Combest, Larry (1997). Secrecy: Report of the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. p.  A74.
  103. Diamond, John M. (2008). The CIA and the Culture of Failure: U.S. Intelligence from the End of the Cold War to the Invasion of Iraq. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p.  37. ISBN   978-0-804-75601-3.
  104. Goodman, Melvin A. (February 4, 2016). "The Reality of Robert Gates". . Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  105. "In Rebuttal to Senate Panel, C.I.A. Nominee Seems Truthful but Incomplete". The New York Times. October 13, 1991.
  106. Goldberg, Jeffrey (September 5, 2011). "Robert Gates Says Israel Is an Ungrateful Ally".
  107. "Likud defends Netanyahu after report Gates called him 'ungrateful'". Haaretz . September 6, 2011.
  108. "On final day as defense secretary, Obama honors Gates with Presidential Medal of Freedom". Washington Post . Associated Press. June 30, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.[ dead link ]
  109. "Kansas State University: Honorary Degrees".
  110. Troyer, Rebecca M. (December 19, 2009). "IU Winter Commencement 2009: Robert Gates to IU grads: 'America needs the best and brightest'". Herald Times Online. Bloomington, Indiana. Retrieved July 22, 2017.[ permanent dead link ]
  111. "12 Distinguished Figures to Join Gates as Honorary Degree Recipients".
  112. "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". American Academy of Achievement.
  113. AW & ST, January 14, 2013 issue, p. 47
  114. "Man of the Year: Secretary of Defense Robert Gates". mtvU . Viacom. December 29, 2010. Archived from the original on January 8, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  115. Martinez, Luis (December 23, 2010). "mtvU: Defense Secretary is a Rock Star". ABC Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  116. "The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers". Foreign Policy . November 28, 2011. Archived from the original on November 30, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  117. "Gates named recipient of 2011 Sylvanus Thayer Award" . Retrieved March 8, 2012.
  118. Newberg, Liz. (November 11, 2011). Gates speaks at CCSU; Students protest. Newington Town Crier, p. 16. Retrieved on May 29, 2013.
  119. Morrison, Tech. Sgt. Jerry (December 12, 2008). Welcome Gift (Photo). DoD. Archived from the original (.jpg) on July 14, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015. U.S. Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates receives Bahrain's Order of the First Class Award from His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa at the Safriya Palace in Manama, Bahrain, Dec. 12, 2008
  120. "2017 Autumn Conferment of Decoration Secretary Robert M. Gates". Embassy of Japan. Retrieved July 26, 2019.



Further reading

Robert Gates
Robert Gates, official DoD photo portrait, 2006.jpg
Official portrait, 2006
24th Chancellor of the College of William & Mary
Assumed office
February 3, 2012
Government offices
Preceded by Chair of the National Intelligence Council
Succeeded by
Frank Horton III
Preceded by Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
Succeeded by
Preceded by Director of Central Intelligence
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Deputy National Security Advisor
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Secretary of Defense
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by
Ray Bowen
President of Texas A&M University
Succeeded by
Ed J. Davis
Preceded by Chancellor of the College of William and Mary
Boy Scouts of America
Preceded by President of the Boy Scouts of America
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Cabinet Member Order of precedence of the United States
as Former US Cabinet Member
Succeeded byas Former US Cabinet Member