Doctor of Humane Letters

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The degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (Latin : Litterarum humanarum doctor; DHumLitt; DHL; or LHD) is an honorary degree awarded to those who have distinguished themselves through humanitarian and philanthropic contributions to society. [1] The DHL, like the Doctor of Divinity and Doctor of Laws degrees, is not an earned academic degree, but is instead awarded "honoris causa" ("for the sake of honour"). The practices and criteria for awarding the Doctor of Humane Letters degree differs between institutions, however it is typically awarded to individuals who serve as keynote speakers at university events, or to individuals associated with the institution. [2] This flexibility has resulted in universities awarding unique variants of the Doctor of Humane Letters degree; in 1996, for example, Southampton College awarded Kermit the Frog an honorary "doctorate of Amphibious Letters" in recognition for his contribution to children's education. [3] [4]

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Doctor (title) Academic title for a holder of a doctoral degree

Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning. The word is originally an agentive noun of the Latin verb docēre[dɔˈkeːrɛ] 'to teach'. It has been used as an academic title in Europe since the 13th century, when the first doctorates were awarded at the University of Bologna and the University of Paris.

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An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university. These institutions commonly offer degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor's, master's and doctorates, often alongside other academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor's degree, although in some countries there are lower level higher education qualifications that are also titled degrees and higher level.

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Honorary degree degree awarded as an honour, generally for attainment within the appropriate field

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Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles, designatory letters or simply post-nominals, are letters placed after a person's name to indicate that the individual holds a position, academic degree, accreditation, office, military decoration, or honour, or is a member of a religious institute or fraternity. An individual may use several different sets of post-nominal letters, but in some contexts it may be customary to limit the number of sets to one or just a few. The order in which post-nominals are listed after a name is based on rules of precedence and what is appropriate for a given situation. Post-nominal letters are one of the main types of name suffix. In contrast, pre-nominal letters precede the name rather than following it.

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Earl Lewis is the founding director of the Center for Social Solutions and professor of history at the University of Michigan. He was president of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation from 2013 to 2018. Before his appointment as the president of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Lewis served for over eight years as Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs and as the Asa Griggs Candler Professor of History and African American Studies at Emory University. He was the university's first African-American provost and at the time the highest-ranking African-American administrator in the university's history.

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Barry Munitz

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Doctor of Philosophy Postgraduate academic degree awarded by universities in many countries

A Doctor of Philosophy is the most common degree at the highest academic level awarded following a course of study. PhDs are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. Because it is an earned research degree, those studying for a PhD are required to produce original research that expands the boundaries of knowledge, normally in the form of a thesis or dissertation, and defend their work against experts in the field. The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields. Individuals who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree may, in many jurisdictions, use the title Doctor with their name, although the proper etiquette associated with this usage may also be subject to the professional ethics of their own scholarly field, culture, or society. Those who teach at universities or work in academic, educational, or research fields are usually addressed by this title "professionally and socially in a salutation or conversation." Alternatively, holders may use post-nominal letters such as "Ph.D.", "PhD", or "DPhil". It is, however, considered incorrect to use both the title and post-nominals at the same time.

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References

  1. Eells, Walter Crosby; Haswell, Harold (1960). Academic degrees: earned and honorary degrees conferred by institutions of higher education in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  2. "Doctor of Humane Letters". International Institute of Philanthropy. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  3. "Dr. Kermit". 20 May 1996. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  4. Carlin, Romano (11 July 2008). "Dishonorary Degrees". The Chronicle of Higher Education (v. 54 i. 44). Retrieved 12 August 2021.