|United States Secretary of Health and Human Services|
Seal of the Department
Flag of the Secretary
|United States Department of Health and Human Services|
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Seat||Hubert H. Humphrey Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Appointer||The President |
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953|
67 Stat. 631
42 U.S.C. § 3501
|Precursor||Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare|
|Formation||August 3, 1979|
|First holder||Patricia Roberts Harris|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level I|
The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The office was formerly Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.
The United States Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Its motto is "Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America". Before the separate federal Department of Education was created in 1979, it was called the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW).
President of the United States (POTUS) is the title for the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.
In 1980, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services, and its education functions and Rehabilitation Services Administration were transferred to the new Department of Education.Patricia Roberts Harris headed the department before and after it was renamed.
The Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) is a federal agency under the United States Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, and is headquartered within the Department of Education in Washington, D.C. It was established to administer portions of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Its mission is to provide leadership and resources to assist state and other agencies in providing vocational rehabilitation (VR) and other services to individuals with disabilities to maximize their employment, independence and integration into the community and the competitive labor market.
The United States Department of Education, also referred to as the ED for (the) Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. It began operating on May 4, 1980, having been created after the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was split into the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services by the Department of Education Organization Act, which President Jimmy Carter signed into law on October 17, 1979.
Patricia Roberts Harris served in the American administration of President Jimmy Carter as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. She was the first African American woman to serve in the United States Cabinet, and the first to enter the line of succession to the Presidency. She previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg under President Lyndon B. Johnson, and was the first African-American woman to represent the United States as an ambassador.
Nominations to the office of Secretary of HHS are referred to the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and the Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid,before confirmation is considered by the full United States Senate.
The United States Senate Committee on Finance is a standing committee of the United States Senate. The Committee concerns itself with matters relating to taxation and other revenue measures generally, and those relating to the insular possessions; bonded debt of the United States; customs, collection districts, and ports of entry and delivery; deposit of public moneys; general revenue sharing; health programs under the Social Security Act and health programs financed by a specific tax or trust fund; national social security; reciprocal trade agreements; tariff and import quotas, and related matters thereto; and the transportation of dutiable goods. It is considered to be one of the most powerful committees in Congress.
Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act the role of the Secretary has been greatly expanded.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), often shortened to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or nicknamed Obamacare, is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Together with the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 amendment, it represents the U.S. healthcare system's most significant regulatory overhaul and expansion of coverage since the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965.
Donald Trump selected then-Congressman Tom Price to be the 23rd Secretary of the Health and Human Services Department. Price was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on February 10, 2017 and resigned on September 29, 2017.Trump then named Don J. Wright, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health and Director of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, as acting Secretary until Deputy Secretary Eric Hargan was sworn in on October 10, 2017. On November 13, 2017, Trump nominated former pharmaceutical executive Alex Azar to fill the position permanently. Azar's confirmation hearing before the Senate Finance Committee took place on January 9, 2018, and on January 24, 2018, Azar was confirmed by the U.S. Senate by a vote of 55 to 43. Azar was sworn in on January 29, 2018.
Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.
Thomas Edmunds Price is an American physician and politician who served as the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services in the administration of Donald Trump from February to September 2017, and who was the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district, encompassing the northern suburbs of Atlanta, from 2005 to 2017.
Don J. Wright is an American physician and government official.
The duties of the secretary revolve around human conditions and concerns in the United States. This includes advising the president on matters of health, welfare, and income security programs. The Secretary strives to administer the Department of Health and Human Services to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." This definition has been subject to controversy, as it may have limited value for implementation. Health may be defined as the ability to adapt and manage physical, mental and social challenges throughout life.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European countries.
The Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) was reorganized into a Department of Education and a Department of Health and Human Services (US DHHS).
The Department of Health and Human Services oversees 11 agencies including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
Democratic (8) Republican (15) Independent (1)
Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of residence||Took office||Left office||President(s)|
|1||Oveta Culp Hobby||Texas||April 11, 1953||July 31, 1955||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|N/A||Mckkee Williams||Texas||July 31, 1955||August 2, 1955|
|2||Marion B. Folsom||New York||August 2, 1955||July 31, 1958|
|3||Arthur S. Flemming||Ohio||August 1, 1958||January 19, 1961|
|4||Abraham A. Ribicoff||Connecticut||January 21, 1961||July 13, 1962||John F. Kennedy|
|N/A||Abraham A Williams||Ohio||July 13, 1962||July 31, 1962|
|5||Anthony J. Celebrezze||Ohio||July 31, 1962||August 17, 1965|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|6||John W. Gardner||California||August 18, 1965||March 1, 1968|
|7||Wilbur J. Cohen||Michigan||May 16, 1968||January 20, 1969|
|8||Robert H. Finch||California||January 21, 1969||June 23, 1970||Richard Nixon|
|9||Elliot L. Richardson||Massachusetts||June 24, 1970||January 29, 1973|
|N/A||Jimme Keen||Louisiana||January 29, 1973||February 12, 1973|
|10||Caspar W. Weinberger||California||February 12, 1973||August 8, 1975|
|11||F. David Mathews||Alabama||August 8, 1975||January 20, 1977|
|12||Joseph A. Califano Jr.||District of Columbia||January 25, 1977||August 3, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|13||Patricia Roberts Harris||District of Columbia||August 3, 1979||May 4, 1980|
Secretaries of Health and Human Services
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took office||Left office||President(s)|
|13||Patricia Roberts Harris||District of Columbia||May 4, 1980||January 20, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|N/A|| William Mckiee ||New Mexico||January 20, 1981||January 22, 1981||Ronald Reagan|
|14||Richard S. Schweiker||Pennsylvania||January 22, 1981||February 3, 1983|
|N/A||Speedy Long||Louisiana||February 3, 1983||March 9, 1983|
|15||Margaret M. Heckler||Massachusetts||March 9, 1983||December 13, 1985|
|16||Otis R. Bowen||Indiana||December 13, 1985||March 1, 1989|
|17||Louis Wade Sullivan||Georgia||March 1, 1989||January 20, 1993||George H. W. Bush|
|18||Donna Shalala||Wisconsin||January 22, 1993||January 20, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|19||Tommy G. Thompson||Wisconsin||February 2, 2001||January 26, 2005||George W. Bush|
|20||Michael O. Leavitt||Utah||January 26, 2005||January 20, 2009|
|N/A||Charles E. Johnson||Utah||January 20, 2009||April 28, 2009||Barack Obama|
|21||Kathleen Sebelius||Kansas||April 28, 2009||June 9, 2014|
|22||Sylvia Mathews Burwell||District of Columbia||June 9, 2014||January 20, 2017|
|N/A||Norris Cochran||Florida||January 20, 2017||February 10, 2017||Donald Trump|
|23||Tom Price||Georgia||February 10, 2017||September 29, 2017|
|N/A||Don J. Wright||Virginia||September 29, 2017||October 10, 2017|
|N/A||Eric Hargan||Illinois||October 10, 2017||January 29, 2018|
|24||Alex Azar||Indiana||January 29, 2018||Incumbent|
The line of succession for the Secretary of Health and Human Services is as follows:
As of March 2019, there are two living former Secretaries of Health, Education and Welfare, the older being Joseph A. Califano Jr. (served 1977–1979, born 1931). The most recent Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare to die was Caspar Weinberger (served 1973–1975, born 1917), on March 28, 2006. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Patricia Roberts Harris (served 1979–1980, born 1924) on March 23, 1985.
|Name||Term||Date of birth (and age)|
|F. David Mathews||1975–1977||December 6, 1935|
|Joseph A. Califano Jr.||1977–1979||May 15, 1931|
As of March 2019, there are seven living former Secretaries of Health and Human Services, the oldest being Louis W. Sullivan (served 1989–1993, born 1933); The most recent Secretary of Health and Human Services to die was Margaret Heckler (served 1983–1985, born 1931), on August 6, 2018. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Otis R. Bowen (served 1985–1989, born 1918) on May 4, 2013.
|Name||Term||Date of birth (and age)|
|Louis W. Sullivan||1989–1993||November 3, 1933|
|Donna Shalala||1993–2001||February 14, 1941|
|Tommy Thompson||2001–2005||November 19, 1941|
|Mike Leavitt||2005–2009||February 11, 1951|
|Kathleen Sebelius||2009–2014||May 15, 1948|
|Sylvia Mathews Burwell||2014–2017||June 23, 1965|
|Tom Price||2017||October 8, 1954|
The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the United States Department of Education. The Secretary advises the President on federal policies, programs, and activities related to education in the United States. As a member of the President's Executive Cabinet, this Secretary is fifteenth in the line of succession to the presidency.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and health insurance portability standards. In addition to these programs, CMS has other responsibilities, including the administrative simplification standards from the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), quality standards in long-term care facilities through its survey and certification process, clinical laboratory quality standards under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments, and oversight of HealthCare.gov.
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|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Labor
| Order of Precedence of the United States |
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Labor
|12th in line||Succeeded by|
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development