United States Secretary of Health and Human Services

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United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
Seal of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.svg
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.svg
Flag of the Secretary
Alex Azar official portrait 2 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Alex Azar

since January 29, 2018
United States Department of Health and Human Services
Style Mr. Secretary
Member of Cabinet
Reports to President of the United States
Seat Hubert H. Humphrey Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrumentReorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953
67  Stat.   631
42 U.S.C.   § 3501
PrecursorSecretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
FormationAugust 3, 1979
First holder Patricia Roberts Harris
Succession Twelfth [1]
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services
Salary Executive Schedule, level I
Website www.hhs.gov

The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The office was formerly Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

United States Department of Health and Human Services Department of the US federal government

The United States Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Its motto is "Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America". Before the separate federal Department of Education was created in 1979, it was called the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW).

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Contents

In 1980, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services, and its education functions and Rehabilitation Services Administration were transferred to the new Department of Education. [2] Patricia Roberts Harris headed the department before and after it was renamed. [3]

The Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) is a federal agency under the United States Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, and is headquartered within the Department of Education in Washington, D.C. It was established to administer portions of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Its mission is to provide leadership and resources to assist state and other agencies in providing vocational rehabilitation (VR) and other services to individuals with disabilities to maximize their employment, independence and integration into the community and the competitive labor market.

United States Department of Education United States government department

The United States Department of Education, also referred to as the ED for (the) Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. It began operating on May 4, 1980, having been created after the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was split into the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services by the Department of Education Organization Act, which President Jimmy Carter signed into law on October 17, 1979.

Patricia Roberts Harris American politician and diplomat

Patricia Roberts Harris served in the American administration of President Jimmy Carter as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. She was the first African American woman to serve in the United States Cabinet, and the first to enter the line of succession to the Presidency. She previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg under President Lyndon B. Johnson, and was the first African-American woman to represent the United States as an ambassador.

Nominations to the office of Secretary of HHS are referred to the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and the Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid, [4] before confirmation is considered by the full United States Senate.

United States Senate Committee on Finance Standing committee of the United States Senate

The United States Senate Committee on Finance is a standing committee of the United States Senate. The Committee concerns itself with matters relating to taxation and other revenue measures generally, and those relating to the insular possessions; bonded debt of the United States; customs, collection districts, and ports of entry and delivery; deposit of public moneys; general revenue sharing; health programs under the Social Security Act and health programs financed by a specific tax or trust fund; national social security; reciprocal trade agreements; tariff and import quotas, and related matters thereto; and the transportation of dutiable goods. It is considered to be one of the most powerful committees in Congress.

Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act the role of the Secretary has been greatly expanded. [5] [6]

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act U.S. federal statute nicknamed "Obamacare"

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), often shortened to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or nicknamed Obamacare, is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Together with the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 amendment, it represents the U.S. healthcare system's most significant regulatory overhaul and expansion of coverage since the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965.

Donald Trump selected then-Congressman Tom Price to be the 23rd Secretary of the Health and Human Services Department. Price was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on February 10, 2017 and resigned on September 29, 2017. [7] Trump then named Don J. Wright, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health and Director of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, as acting Secretary until Deputy Secretary Eric Hargan was sworn in on October 10, 2017. On November 13, 2017, Trump nominated former pharmaceutical executive Alex Azar to fill the position permanently. Azar's confirmation hearing before the Senate Finance Committee took place on January 9, 2018, [8] and on January 24, 2018, Azar was confirmed by the U.S. Senate by a vote of 55 to 43. [9] Azar was sworn in on January 29, 2018. [10]

Donald Trump 45th and current president of the United States

Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.

Tom Price (American politician) former United States Secretary of Health and Human Services; former Congressman of Georgia

Thomas Edmunds Price is an American physician and Republican Party politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district, encompassing the northern suburbs of Atlanta, from 2005 to 2017. He was appointed Secretary of Health and Human Services by President Donald Trump and served in that role from February to September 2017.

Don J. Wright American physician and government official

Don J. Wright is an American physician and government official.

Duties

The flag of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, the predecessor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Flag of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.png
The flag of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, the predecessor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

The duties of the secretary revolve around human conditions and concerns in the United States. This includes advising the president on matters of health, welfare, and income security programs. The Secretary strives to administer the Department of Health and Human Services to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department. [11]

Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in which disease and infirmity are absent.

Social security action programs of government intended to promote the welfare of the population through assistance measures

Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income". In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European countries.

The Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) was reorganized into a Department of Education and a Department of Health and Human Services (US DHHS).

The Department of Health and Human Services oversees 11 agencies including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). [12]

List of Secretaries of Health and Human Services

Parties

   Democratic (8)    Republican (15)    Independent (1)

Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare

No.PortraitNameState of residenceTook officeLeft office President(s)
1 Hobby-Oveta-Culp.jpg Oveta Culp Hobby Texas April 11, 1953July 31, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Portrait gray.png Mckkee Williams Texas July 31, 1955August 2, 1955
2 Folsom.jpg Marion B. Folsom New York August 2, 1955July 31, 1958
3 ArthurSFlemming.jpg Arthur S. Flemming Ohio August 1, 1958January 19, 1961
4 Ribicoff.jpg Abraham A. Ribicoff Connecticut January 21, 1961July 13, 1962 John F. Kennedy
Portrait gray.png Abraham A.Williams Ohio July 13, 1962July 31, 1962
5 Celebrez.jpg Anthony J. Celebrezze Ohio July 31, 1962August 17, 1965
Lyndon B. Johnson
6 John W. Gardner, U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.jpg John W. Gardner California August 18, 1965March 1, 1968
7 Wilburportrait.jpg Wilbur J. Cohen Michigan May 16, 1968January 20, 1969
8 RobertHFinch.jpg Robert H. Finch California January 21, 1969June 23, 1970 Richard Nixon
9 ElliotLeeRichardson.jpg Elliot L. Richardson Massachusetts June 24, 1970January 29, 1973
Portrait gray.png Jimme Keen Louisiana January 29, 1973February 12, 1973
10 Caspar Weinberger official photo.jpg Caspar W. Weinberger California February 12, 1973August 8, 1975
Gerald Ford
11 F. David Mathews.jpg F. David Mathews Alabama August 8, 1975January 20, 1977
12 JAC AR 2007.jpg Joseph A. Califano Jr. District of Columbia January 25, 1977August 3, 1979 Jimmy Carter
13 Patricia R. Harris.jpg Patricia Roberts Harris District of Columbia August 3, 1979May 4, 1980 [13]

Secretaries of Health and Human Services

No.PortraitNameState of ResidenceTook officeLeft office President(s)
13 Patricia R. Harris.jpg Patricia Roberts Harris District of Columbia May 4, 1980 [13] January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Portrait gray.png William Mckiee
New Mexico January 20, 1981January 22, 1981 Ronald Reagan
14 Secretary Richard Schweiker.jpg Richard S. Schweiker Pennsylvania January 22, 1981February 3, 1983
Speedy Long.jpg Speedy Long Louisiana February 3, 1983March 9, 1983
15 Mmheckler.JPG Margaret M. Heckler Massachusetts March 9, 1983December 13, 1985
16 Otis R. Bowen.jpg Otis R. Bowen Indiana December 13, 1985March 1, 1989
17 SullivanLouis.jpg Louis Wade Sullivan Georgia March 1, 1989January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
18 Shalala portrait.jpg Donna Shalala Wisconsin January 22, 1993January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
19 Tommy Thompson 1.jpg Tommy G. Thompson Wisconsin February 2, 2001January 26, 2005 George W. Bush
20 Mike Leavitt.jpg Michael O. Leavitt Utah January 26, 2005January 20, 2009
JohnsonCharlesE.jpg Charles E. Johnson Utah January 20, 2009April 28, 2009 Barack Obama
21 Kathleen Sebelius official portrait (cropped).jpg Kathleen Sebelius Kansas April 28, 2009June 9, 2014
22 Sylvia Mathews Burwell official portrait (cropped).jpg Sylvia Mathews Burwell District of Columbia June 9, 2014January 20, 2017
Norris Cochran (cropped).jpg Norris Cochran Florida January 20, 2017February 10, 2017 Donald Trump
23 Tom Price official photo (cropped).jpg Tom Price Georgia February 10, 2017September 29, 2017
Don J. Wright official portrait (cropped).jpg Don J. Wright Virginia September 29, 2017October 10, 2017
Eric D. Hargan official photo (cropped).jpg Eric Hargan Illinois October 10, 2017January 29, 2018
24 Alex Azar official portrait (cropped).jpg Alex Azar Indiana January 29, 2018Incumbent

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Health and Human Services is as follows: [14]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services.
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Health and Human Services
  3. Assistant Secretary for Administration
  4. Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
  5. Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  6. Commissioner of Food and Drugs
  7. Director of the National Institutes of Health
  8. Assistant Secretary for Children and Families
  9. Other Assistant Secretaries (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. Assistant Secretary for Health
    2. Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response
    3. Assistant Secretary for Legislation
    4. Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
    5. Assistant Secretary for Financial Resources
    6. Assistant Secretary for Aging
  10. Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  11. Director, Region 4 (Atlanta, Georgia)

Living former secretaries

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

As of October 2019, there are two living former Secretaries of Health, Education and Welfare, the older being Joseph A. Califano Jr. (served 1977–1979, born 1931). The most recent Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare to die was Caspar Weinberger (served 1973–1975, born 1917), on March 28, 2006. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Patricia Roberts Harris (served 1979–1980, born 1924) on March 23, 1985.

NameTermDate of birth (and age)
F. David Mathews 1975–1977December 6, 1935 (age 83)
Joseph A. Califano Jr. 1977–1979May 15, 1931 (age 88)

Department of Health and Human Services

A gathering of five secretaries in June 2015 Panel for United States Secretaries of Health and Human Services at Spotlight Health Aspen Ideas Festival 2015.JPG
A gathering of five secretaries in June 2015

As of October 2019, there are seven living former Secretaries of Health and Human Services, the oldest being Louis W. Sullivan (served 1989–1993, born 1933); The most recent Secretary of Health and Human Services to die was Margaret Heckler (served 1983–1985, born 1931), on August 6, 2018. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Otis R. Bowen (served 1985–1989, born 1918) on May 4, 2013.

NameTermDate of birth (and age)
Louis W. Sullivan 1989–1993November 3, 1933 (age 85)
Donna Shalala 1993–2001February 14, 1941 (age 78)
Tommy Thompson 2001–2005November 19, 1941 (age 77)
Mike Leavitt 2005–2009February 11, 1951 (age 68)
Kathleen Sebelius 2009–2014May 15, 1948 (age 71)
Sylvia Mathews Burwell 2014–2017June 23, 1965 (age 54)
Tom Price 2017October 8, 1954 (age 65)

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References

  1. "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  2. Holbrook, M. Cay (February 6, 2017). Foundations of Education: History and theory of teaching children and youths with visual impairments. American Foundation for the Blind. ISBN   9780891283409.
  3. "Patricia R. Harris (1977–1979)—Miller Center". millercenter.org. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  4. "Jurisdiction | The United States Senate Committee on Finance". www.finance.senate.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  5. "Ropes & Gray LLP: Alerts". www.ropesgray.com. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  6. Leavitt, Michael O. (February 18, 2011). "Health reform's central flaw: Too much power in one office". The Washington Post .
  7. Baker, Peter; Thrush, Glenn; Haberman, Maggie (September 29, 2017). "Health Secretary Tom Price Resigns After Drawing Ire for Chartered Flights". The New York Times . New York. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  8. Goldstein, Amy; Eilperin, Juliet (January 9, 2018). "Senate Finance Committee evaluates Alex Azar to be the next HHS secretary". The Washington Post . Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  9. Pear, Robert (January 24, 2018). "Senate Confirms Trump Nominee Alex Azar as Health Secretary". The New York Times . New York. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  10. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/alex-azar-sworn-in-as-secretary-of-health-and-human-services/2018/01/29/8257006e-0514-11e8-aa61-f3391373867e_story.html
  11. "The President's Cabinet". Ben's Guide. February 1, 2007. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
  12. "HHS Agencies & Offices | HHS.gov" . Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  13. 1 2 Harris was Secretary on May 4, 1980, when the office changed names from Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to Secretary of Health and Human Services. Because the department merely changed names, she did not need to be confirmed again, and her term continued uninterrupted.
  14. "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Health and Human Services". Federal Register. February 20, 2008. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Eugene Scalia
as Secretary of Labor
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
Succeeded by
Ben Carson
as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Labor
Eugene Scalia
12th in lineSucceeded by
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Ben Carson