Eric Holder

Last updated

Eric Holder
Eric Holder official portrait.jpg
Official portrait, 2009
82nd United States Attorney General
In office
February 3, 2009 April 27, 2015

On March 6, 2013, Holder testified to the Senate Judiciary Committee that the size of large financial institutions has made it difficult for the Justice Department to bring criminal charges when they are suspected of crimes, because such charges can threaten the existence of a bank and therefore their interconnectedness may endanger the national or global economy. (See financial contagion). "Some of these institutions have become too large," Holder told the committee, "It has an inhibiting impact on our ability to bring resolutions that I think would be more appropriate." [158]

In a January 29, 2013 letter to Holder, Senators Sherrod Brown and Charles Grassley had criticized this Justice Department policy citing "important questions about the Justice Department's prosecutorial philosophy." [159] After receipt of a DOJ response letter, Brown and Grassley issued a statement saying, "The Justice Department's response is aggressively evasive. It does not answer our questions. We want to know how and why the Justice Department has determined that certain financial institutions are 'too big to jail' and that prosecuting those institutions would damage the financial system." [160] [161]

Prosecution rates against crimes by large financial institutions are at 20-year lows. [162] Holder has also endorsed the notion that prosecutors, when deciding to pursue white-collar crimes, should give special consideration to "collateral consequences" of bringing charges against large corporate institutions, as outlined in a 1999 memorandum by Holder. Nearly a decade later Holder, as head of the Department of Justice, put this into practice and has demonstrated the weight "collateral consequences" has by repeatedly sought and reached deferred prosecution and non-prosecution agreements and settlements with large financial institutions such as J.P. Morgan Chase, HSBC, Countrywide Mortgage, Wells Fargo, Goldman Sachs, and others where the institution pays a fine or penalty but faces no criminal charges and admits no wrongdoing. [163] [164] Whereas in the previous decade the Bush administration's Department of Justice often sought criminal charges against individuals of large institutions regardless of "collateral consequences" such as cases involving Enron, Adelphia Communications Corporation, Tyco International, and others.

In September 2014, he described the department's rationale in a speech at New York University:

Responsibility remains so diffuse, and top executives so insulated," Holder said, "that any misconduct could again be considered more a symptom of the institution's culture than a result of the willful actions of any single individual." [165]

According to a 2016 report prepared by Republican staff of the House Committee on Financial Services, Holder and other Justice Department officials had overruled the recommendation of prosecutors to pursue criminal charges against HSBC for its alleged role in money-laundering, instead settling with the bank for the then-record amount of $1.9 billion. [166]

Resolution proposing articles of impeachment

On November 14, 2013, Representative Pete Olson (R-TX), along with 19 Republicans, introduced a resolution proposing articles of impeachment against Holder. The articles cited Holder for his alleged role in Operation Fast and Furious, refusal to defend the Defense of Marriage Act in court, failing to prosecute anyone involved in the IRS targeting of groups based on name and political theme, and for allegedly perjuring himself by stating that he had no knowledge of any potential prosecution of members of the media for disclosure of classified material. [167] [168] There were 29 co-sponsors to the bill. The bill was referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary on November 14, 2013, but no further action was taken. [169]

Resignation

Holder announced his resignation on September 25, 2014, citing personal reasons. He remained in office until the Senate confirmed his successor, Loretta Lynch. [170] [171] [172]

Return to private practice

Holder at the 2016 Democratic National Convention Eric Holder at DNC 0434 (27994325123).jpg
Holder at the 2016 Democratic National Convention

In July 2015, Holder rejoined Covington & Burling, the law firm at which he worked before becoming attorney general. The law firm's clients have included many of the large banks Holder declined to prosecute for their alleged role in the financial crisis. Matt Taibbi of Rolling Stone opined about the move, "I think this is probably the single biggest example of the revolving door that we've ever had." [173] [174]

In early 2016, Holder was hired by the MTN Group, a South Africa-based telecommunications company as a part of its efforts to combat a $3.9 billion fine handed to the MTN Group by the government of Nigeria. [175] Rather than attempt to negotiate with the regulatory body that issued the fine, the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Holder worked with the Nigerian Attorney General Abubakar Malami to reach a compromise. While the NCC initially rejected a proposal from Malami for a reduced fine, it later decided to reduce the fine by more than half. The MTN Group paid the reduced amount, which totaled around $1.7 billion. [176]

In October 2016, Holder announced that he would chair the newly incorporated National Democratic Redistricting Committee, a group aiming to support Democratic candidates in state races ahead of the redistricting that will follow the 2020 Census. [177]

In February 2017, Uber hired Holder to help lead an investigation into claims of sexual harassment and discrimination made public by Susan Fowler, a former employee. [178] In June, Holder delivered a 13 page document outlining his recommendations for Uber. [179] This led to Uber firing over 20 employees. [180] Emil Michael, who was CEO Travis Kalanick's right-hand man, also left the company. [181] Kalanick himself was forced into taking an indefinite leave of absence, and a week later, under pressure from investors, resigned as the CEO. [182] [183]

During 2018, Holder suggested on several occasions that he might run for the presidency in 2020. In July, he told CNN he thought a presidential candidate needed five qualities—the ability to inspire others, a vision for the job, the ability to meet both the physical and mental strains of the job, and appropriate experience. Holder added that he believed he possessed those five qualities, but noted that his wife would be involved in his decision. [184] In October 2018, Holder was one of multiple individuals targeted by mailed pipe-bombs sent to Democratic lawmakers and officials. [185] On March 4, 2019, Holder announced that he would not seek the White House in 2020 but would continue his work with the National Democratic Redistricting Committee to help elect a Democratic candidate who had the five qualities he thought were necessary. [186] [187]

Personal life

Holder is married to Sharon Malone, an obstetrician. The couple has three children. [188] Malone's sister was Vivian Malone Jones, famous for her part in the Stand in the Schoolhouse Door, which led to integration at the University of Alabama. [189] Holder has been involved with various mentoring programs for inner-city youth. He is also an avid basketball fan [190] and the uncle of former NBA All-Star Jeff Malone. [24] Holder and his wife live in Washington, D.C. [191]

Awards

In May 2008, while he was still in private practice, Legal Times magazine named Holder as one of the "Greatest Washington Lawyers of the Past 30 Years," describing him as one of the "Visionaries." [192] Also in that year, Holder was named by The National Law Journal as one of "the 50 Most Influential Minority Lawyers in America." [193] The National Law Journal commended Holder's practice in the areas of civil litigation and white-collar defense, as well as his work as a national co-chair for Obama's campaign. [194]

On May 16, 2010, Holder delivered the commencement address at Boston University, for both the all-university ceremony and the School of Law. In addition, he was presented with an honorary Doctor of Laws degree. [195]

On May 22, 2011, Holder delivered the commencement address at the University of Virginia School of Law. Holder encouraged the graduates to emulate Virginia Law alumnus Robert F. Kennedy's legacy of service. [196] On May 19, 2009, Holder was chosen by his alma mater, Columbia College, to be its Class Day Speaker. [197]

In May 2009, Holder visited Barbados and met with government representatives from across the Caribbean. The government renamed the Tamarind Hall municipal building located at Tamarind Hall, Blackmans, St. Joseph after Holder. Now known as the Eric Holder Jr. Municipal Complex [198] - This centre was constructed by Government of Barbados to house a Magistrate's Court, a police station, a branch of the public library, in addition to the St. Joseph district Post Office. The centre was officially opened on May 22, 2009, by the U.S attorney general, Mr. Eric Holder Jr. while on a visit. In June 2009, the Government of Barbados announced that it would begin a project to determine the first 100 Great Barbadians, who would be selected by the public of Barbados. At the announcement of the project it was announced that Holder was the first candidate nominated for the final list. [199]

In 2012, Holder received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. [200] [201]

In August 2012, the National Urban League named Holder as a recipient of their "Living Legend" award, along with singer Stevie Wonder. [202]

In April 2013, Holder acknowledged having the position of the President's 'wing-man' and being there as the President's 'boy' during a radio interview with Tom Joyner. [203] These awards and recognition are noteworthy because they contradict Holder's own public position that there should be "...a distance between [an Attorney General] and the president." [204]

Holder delivered the commencement address at Harvard Law School in May 2012, [205] the UC Berkeley School of Law in May 2013, [206] and the UCLA School of Law in June 2020.

Holder received an honorary Doctor of Laws from his alma mater, Columbia University, in May 2017. [207]

Publications

See also

Related Research Articles

Executive privilege is the right of the president of the United States and other members of the executive branch to maintain confidential communications under certain circumstances within the executive branch and to resist some subpoenas and other oversight by the legislative and judicial branches of government in pursuit of particular information or personnel relating to those confidential communications. The right comes into effect when revealing information would impair governmental functions. Neither executive privilege nor the oversight power of Congress is explicitly mentioned in the United States Constitution. However, the Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that executive privilege and congressional oversight each are a consequence of the doctrine of the separation of powers, derived from the supremacy of each branch in its own area of Constitutional activity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merrick Garland</span> American lawyer and jurist (born 1952)

Merrick Brian Garland is an American lawyer and jurist serving as the 86th United States attorney general beginning in March 2021. He served as a circuit judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1997 to 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joe Arpaio</span> American former law enforcement officer and politician

Joseph Michael Arpaio is an American former law enforcement officer and politician. He served as the 36th Sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona for 24 years, from 1993 to 2017, losing reelection to Democrat Paul Penzone in 2016.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Barr</span> 77th & 85th United States Attorney General

William Pelham Barr is an American attorney who served as the 77th and 85th United States attorney general in the administrations of Presidents George H. W. Bush and Donald Trump.

On December 7, 2006, the George W. Bush Administration's Department of Justice ordered the unprecedented midterm dismissal of seven United States attorneys. Congressional investigations focused on whether the Department of Justice and the White House were using the U.S. Attorney positions for political advantage. Allegations were that some of the attorneys were targeted for dismissal to impede investigations of Republican politicians or that some were targeted for their failure to initiate investigations that would damage Democratic politicians or hamper Democratic-leaning voters. The U.S. attorneys were replaced with interim appointees, under provisions in the 2005 USA PATRIOT Act reauthorization.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tim Griffin</span> 20th lieutenant governor of Arkansas

John Timothy Griffin is an American lawyer and politician serving as the 20th lieutenant governor of Arkansas since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously was the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas between 2006 and 2007 and U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 2nd congressional district from 2011 to 2015. Griffin defeated Democrat John Burkhalter in 2014 and has served under Governor Asa Hutchinson since holding the lieutenant governorship. In summer 2020, Griffin announced his candidacy for the 2022 Arkansas gubernatorial election, but withdrew from the race in February 2021 to run for Arkansas Attorney General instead.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Perez</span> Former DNC Chair and 26th United States Secretary of Labor

Thomas Edward Perez is an American politician and attorney who served as the Chair of the Democratic National Committee from February 2017 until January 2021. Perez was previously Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights (2009–2013) and United States Secretary of Labor (2013–2017). He was a GU Politics Fellow at the Georgetown Institute of Politics and Public Service in 2021.

A detailed chronology of events in the dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vanita Gupta</span> American lawyer

Vanita Gupta is an American attorney who has served as United States Associate Attorney General since April 22, 2021. From 2014 to 2017, Gupta served as Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division under President Barack Obama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James M. Cole</span> American attorney

James Michael Cole is an American attorney who served as United States Deputy Attorney General from December 29, 2010 to January 8, 2015. He was first installed as Deputy Attorney General following a recess appointment by President Barack Obama on December 29, 2010. He then was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 55–42 vote on June 28, 2011.

The New Black Panther Party voter intimidation case was a political controversy in the United States concerning an incident that occurred during the 2008 election. Two weeks before George W. Bush left office, the New Black Panther Party and two of its members, Minister King Samir Shabazz and Jerry Jackson, were sued by the Department of Justice on claims of voter intimidation for their conduct outside a polling station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loretta Lynch</span> American lawyer (born 1959)

Loretta Elizabeth Lynch is an American lawyer who served as the 83rd attorney general of the United States from 2015 to 2017. She was appointed by President Barack Obama to succeed Eric Holder and previously served as the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York under Presidents Bill Clinton (1999–2001), George W Bush (2001) and Obama (2010–2015). As a U.S. attorney, Lynch oversaw federal prosecutions in Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, and Long Island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">ATF gunwalking scandal</span> US operation to capture weapons smugglers

Gunwalking, or "letting guns walk", was a tactic used by the Arizona U.S. Attorney's Office and the Arizona Field Office of the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), which ran a series of sting operations between 2006 and 2011 in the Tucson and Phoenix area where the ATF "purposely allowed licensed firearms dealers to sell weapons to illegal straw buyers, hoping to track the guns to Mexican drug cartel leaders and arrest them". These operations were done under the umbrella of Project Gunrunner, a project intended to stem the flow of firearms into Mexico by interdicting straw purchasers and gun traffickers within the United States. The Jacob Chambers Case began in October 2009 and eventually became known in February 2010 as Operation Fast and Furious after agents discovered Chambers and the other suspects under investigation belonged to a car club.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Baer (antitrust lawyer)</span> American lawyer

William Joseph Baer is an American lawyer who served as the Assistant Attorney General for the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division under the administration of President Barack Obama. He is a partner at the American law firm Arnold & Porter, where he works in antitrust law and white collar defense. Since January 2020, Baer has been a visiting fellow in Governance Studies at the Brookings Institution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tony West (attorney)</span> American lawyer

Derek Anthony West is an American attorney and former government official, and the current Senior Vice President and chief legal officer of Uber. Before Uber, West was Associate Attorney General of the United States and general counsel of PepsiCo. West previously served as the Assistant Attorney General of the Civil Division, the largest litigating division in the Department of Justice.

In 2013, the United States Department of Justice, under Attorney General Eric Holder, came under scrutiny from the media and some members of Congress for subpoenaing phone records from the Associated Press (AP). Under similar justifications, a 2010 subpoena approved by Eric Holder implicated Fox News reporter, James Rosen, as a possible co-conspirator under the Espionage Act of 1917. Investigators gained access to the times of his phone calls, and two days of Rosen's emails. Stephen Jin-Woo Kim eventually pleaded guilty to violating the Espionage Act for communicating North Korean nuclear test plans to Rosen. These investigations provoked considerable criticism from major news organizations, and precipitated the revision of media guidelines at the Department of Justice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lois Lerner</span> American attorney

Lois Gail Lerner is an American attorney and former United States federal civil service employee. Lerner became director of the Exempt Organizations Unit of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in 2005, and subsequently became the central figure in the 2013 IRS targeting controversy in the targeting of politically-aligned groups, either denying them tax-exempt status outright or delaying that status until they could no longer take effective part in the 2012 election. On May 10, 2013, in a conference call with reporters, Lerner apologized that Tea Party groups and other groups had been targeted for audits of their applications for tax-exemption. Both conservative and liberal groups were scrutinized. Only three groups — all branches of the Democratic group Emerge America — had tax exemptions revoked. Lerner resigned over the controversy. An investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation, completed in 2015, found "substantial evidence of mismanagement, poor judgment and institutional inertia" but "found no evidence that any IRS official acted based on political, discriminatory, corrupt, or other inappropriate motives that would support a criminal prosecution."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joyce Vance</span> American lawyer

Joyce Alene White Vance is an American lawyer who served as the United States Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama from 2009 to 2017. She was one of the first five U.S. Attorneys, and the first female U.S. Attorney, nominated by President Barack Obama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Bash</span> American attorney

John Franklin Bash III is an American attorney who served as the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas from 2017 to 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2017–2018 Department of Justice metadata seizures</span> Seizure of two American congressmens personal data

The United States Department of Justice under the Trump administration acquired by a February 2018 subpoena the Apple iCloud metadata of two Democrats on the House Intelligence Committee, several others associated with the committee, and some of their family members. The subpoena covered 73 phone numbers and 36 email addresses since the inception of the accounts. Seizing communications information of members of Congress is extraordinarily rare. The department also subpoenaed and obtained 2017 and 2018 phone log and email metadata from news reporters for CNN, The Washington Post and The New York Times. Apple also received and complied with February 2018 subpoenas for the iCloud accounts of White House counsel Don McGahn and his wife. Microsoft received a subpoena relating to a personal email account of a congressional staff member in 2017.

References

  1. Johnson, Carrie (February 3, 2009). "Holder Confirmed As the First Black Attorney General: Nominee Overcame Objections in GOP". The Washington Post. p. A02. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  2. 1 2 Johnston, David (November 11, 2008). "Eric H. Holder Jr" (Series). The New York Times. The New Team. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  3. Best, Tony (November 16, 2008). "Obama's AG may be Bajan". Local News. Nation Newspaper . Barbados. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  4. Johnston, David (November 12, 2008). "Eric H. Holder Jr". The New York Times. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  5. "Social Security Death Index [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  6. 1 2 Best, Tony (June 8, 2008). "Obama getting help from Bajan son". Local News. Nation Newspaper . Barbados. Archived from the original on August 4, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Longstreth, Andrew (June 2008). "Making History With Obama" (Cover Story). Making History. The American Lawyer . Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  8. "1971 Columbia Football: The Cardiac Kids". Columbia University Athletics. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  9. "Attorney General Eric Holder Delivers Remarks at Columbia College Commencement". www.justice.gov. May 19, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  10. Tucker-Hamilton, Racine; Hickey, Matthew (December 17, 2004). "Interview with Eric H. Holder Jr" (Interview). Oral history project. The History Makers . Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  11. Hernández, Javier C. (November 30, 2008). "Holder, High Achiever Poised to Scale New Heights". The New York Times.
  12. "Attorney General Eric Holder Delivers Remarks at Columbia College Commencement - OPA - Department of Justice". May 19, 2009.
  13. 1 2 Lewis, Neil A. (June 2, 1994). "Indictment of a Congressman: the Legal Case; Prosecutor No Stranger To Corruption in Politics" (Article). The New York Times. U.S. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  14. 1 2 Memmott, A. James (June 5, 2008). "Obama picks Caroline Kennedy, Holder, Johnson to lead Vice-Presidential candidate search". Muckety. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
  15. "Nominee Confirmed For Deputy Position at the Justice Dept". New York Times Archives. July 18, 1997. Retrieved November 15, 2008.
  16. Lewis, Neil A. (June 14, 1997). "Justice Dept. Nominee Faces Questions but No Strong Opposition" (Article). The New York Times. U.S. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  17. "Federal Probe of Salt Lake Olympic Bid Pretty Wide". CNN. February 18, 1999. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013.
  18. "Hate Crimes Legislation Introduced in Congress". CNN. March 12, 1999. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013.
  19. "Holder Faces Grilling on Marc Rich Pardon". CNN. February 8, 2001. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  20. Yost, Pete (November 19, 2008). "Marc Rich pardon controversy just won't die". Associated Press. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  21. Cowan, Alison Leigh (March 13, 2002). "Marc Rich Panel Says Top Justice Dept. Aide Held Information on Rich's Pardon" (Article). The New York Times. U.S. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  22. "Former FBI Director: Holder was "used" in Rich Pardon". CNN. January 16, 2009. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013.
  23. "Ashcroft Settles In". CBS News - Politics. February 2, 2001. Archived from the original on June 2, 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
  24. 1 2 Hook, Carol S. (November 19, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Eric Holder" (Article). U.S. News & World Report . Nation & World: Politics. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
  25. Leonnig, Carol D. (August 2, 2007). "In Terrorism-Law Case, Chiquita Points to U.S." The Washington Post. p. A01. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
  26. 1 2 Gray, Kevin (October 2007). "The Banana War". International News. Condé Nast Portfolio. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
  27. Fusco, Chris (December 17, 2008). "Holder omitted Blagojevich link from questionnaire". Metro. Archived from the original (Article) on December 18, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  28. Joe Palazzolo Some Justice Department Lawyers Have Gitmo Conflicts March 2, 2009 Legal Times
  29. OxyContin case, www.latimes.com, 5 May 2016
  30. "Holder cites conflict of interest". Associated Press. March 11, 2009. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  31. Holder, Eric (December 19, 2012). "Attorney General Eric Holder Speaks at the UBS Press Conference". United States Department of Justice. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  32. "Brief for Former Department of Justice Officials as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioners" (PDF). American Bar Association.
  33. Nakamura, David; Barnes, Robert (March 10, 2007). "D.C.'s Ban on Handguns in Homes Is Thrown Out" (Article). The Washington Post. Metro: Special Reports. p. A01. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  34. "Obama's National Security Team Announcement". The New York Times. December 1, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
  35. Rhee, Foon (December 1, 2008). "Obama names national security team" (Article). The Boston Globe. News. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
  36. "Obama Nominates Eric Holder as Nation's Top Law Enforcement Official". PBS. December 1, 2008. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  37. Presidential Nomination PN64-07-111 Archived August 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , 111th Congress, January 20, 2009
  38. Judiciary Panel Approves Holder's Nomination, The New York Times, January 28, 2009,
  39. Lewis, Neil A. (February 2, 2002). "Holder Is Confirmed as Attorney General". The New York Times.
  40. "Bin Laden Death 'Not Assassination' – Eric Holder". BBC News. May 12, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  41. "Holder: When War on Terror Targets Americans". March 5, 2012.
  42. Martin, Adam (March 5, 2019). "Attorney General Holder: Due Process Doesn't Necessarily Mean a Courtroom". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  43. Nelson, Steven (June 23, 2014). "Drone Memo Justifying Assassination of U.S. Citizen Released". U.S. News. Washington, D.C.: U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  44. 1 2 Matt Apuzzo, A Holder Legacy: Shifting Terror Cases to the Civilian Courts, and Winning, The New York Times (October 21, 2014).
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Eric Holder's Defining Legacy on Terror, Politico Magazine (April 28, 2015).
  46. Phil Hirschkorn, Another Life Sentence for a Terrorist Convicted in Federal Court, Just Security (January 9, 2015).
  47. Sam Stein, Eric Holder Lashes Out at Congress Over Decision to Try KSM in Military Tribunal, Huffington Post (April 4, 2011).
  48. "Attorney General Holder at the African Union Summit". Justice.gov. July 25, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  49. 1 2 Max Delany, Uganda president calls for Africa to fight terror, Associated Press (July 25, 2010).
  50. 1 2 Timothy M. Phelps, Eric Holder urges international cooperation on terrorism in Syria, Los Angeles Times (July 8, 2014).
  51. Attorney General Holder Urges International Effort to Confront Threat of Syrian Foreign Fighters (July 8, 2014).
  52. Estrin, Elana (December 14, 2011). "Holder Delivers Voting Rights Speech". Huffington Post.
  53. "Eric Holder: Supreme Court decision won't stop voting rights enforcement". CNN. April 4, 2013.
  54. Reilly, Ryan J. (April 4, 2013). "Eric Holder: Martin Luther King Jr. 'Would Not Yet Be Satisfied' With Voting Rights". Huffington Post.
  55. Why Eric Holder Refused to Argue in Front of SCOTUS: The former attorney general explains what at the time was a private protest., Dahlia Lithwick, Slate (magazine), 2022-07-19
  56. Shropshire, Terry (May 31, 2012). "Voting Rights Are Under Attack Says Attorney General". Rolling Out.
  57. "Holder Tells NAACP Texas Voter ID Laws Hurt Minorities". USA Today. July 10, 2012.
  58. "Holder Revs Up NAACP Meeting". Politico.com. July 10, 2012.
  59. Markon, Jerry (May 14, 2010). "Holder Is Criticized for Comments on Ariz. Immigration Law, Which He Hasn't Read". The Washington Post .
  60. Dinan, Stephen (May 13, 2010). "Holder Hasn't Read Arizona Law He Criticized". The Washington Times .
  61. "Holder: Ariz. Law Inconsistent with Federal Law". CBS News. July 10, 2010.
  62. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2012/June/12-ag-801.html |publisher= US Department of Justice | date=June 25, 2012
  63. http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/04/27/eric-holder-citizenship-for-illegal-immigrants-is-a-matter-of-civil-and-human-rights/%7C%5B%5D date=April 24, 2013
  64. "Statement of the Attorney General on Litigation Involving the Defense of Marriage Act". U.S. Department of Justice. Office of the Attorney General. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  65. "Obama Administration Will No Longer Defend DOMA". CBS News. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011.
  66. "AG Holder: DOJ Won't Defend a Challenge to DOMA Brought by Members of Military". ABC News. February 17, 2012.
  67. "Deportation of Citizen's Same-Sex Partner Canceled". Fox News. June 30, 2011.
  68. "Holder Intervenes in Gay Man's Deportation Case". Fox News. May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013.
  69. 1 2 3 4 5 Totenberg, Nina (April 1, 2009). "Justice Dept. Seeks To Void Stevens' Conviction". NPR . Retrieved April 1, 2009.
  70. Paul Singer, Judge Follows Request by Stevens Lawyer, Roll Call (April 7, 2009).
  71. Del Quentin Wilber & Sari Horwitz, Prosecutors concealed evidence in Ted Stevens case, report finds, The Washington Post (March 15, 2012).
  72. Neil A. Lewis, Justice Dept. Moves to Void Stevens Case, New York Times (April 1, 2009).
  73. "Attorney General Holder Opposes California Marijuana Bill". Reuters. October 16, 2010.
  74. "Cole memo" (PDF). Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  75. "Feds won't challenge Washington's pot law". The Seattle Times . August 29, 2013. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  76. 1 2 Attorney General Eric Holder Speaks at the Press Conference on Organized Crime Arrests, New York, NY, United States Department of Justice (January 20, 2011).
  77. 1 2 Ed Pilkington, FBI arrests 127 in its biggest ever Mafia crackdown, The Guardian (January 20, 2011).
  78. Savage, Charlie (June 19, 2012). "Administration Took Accidental Path to Setting Record for Leak Cases". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  79. Liptak, Adam (February 11, 2012). "A High-Tech War on Leaks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  80. Aftergood, Steven (February 29, 2012). "There is No Reporter's Privilege, Leak Prosecutors Insist". Federation of American Scientists Secrecy news. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  81. Currier, Cora (September 17, 2018). "Government Can Spy on Journalists in the U.S. Using Invasive Foreign Intelligence Process". The Intercept. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  82. "Newly Released Eric Holder Memo: Feds Can Use FISA to Spy on Journalists". Reason.com. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  83. Timm, Trevor (September 17, 2018). "Revealed: The Justice Dept's secret rules for targeting journalists with FISA court orders". Freedom of the Press Foundation. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  84. Sanchez, Raf (May 13, 2013). "US Justice Department secretly seizes Associated Press phone records" . The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  85. "US government secretly obtained Associated Press phone records". The Guardian. London. May 13, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  86. Curry, Tom. "Holder addresses AP leaks investigation, announces IRS probe". NBC News. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  87. Savage, Charlie; Weisman, Jonathan (May 29, 2013). "Holder Faces New Round of Criticism After Leak Inquiries". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  88. Marimow, Ann E. (May 20, 2013). "A rare peek into a Justice Department leak probe". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  89. Isikoff, Michael. "DOJ confirms Holder OK'd search warrant for Fox News reporter's emails" . Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  90. "House Republicans challenge Holder testimony on reporter surveillance". Fox News. May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  91. 1 2 3 4 Carter, Terry (August 12, 2013). "Sweeping reversal of the War on Drugs announced by Atty General Holder". ABA's 560-member policy making House of Delegates. American Bar Association. p. 1. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  92. 1 2 3 4 "Smart on Crime: Reforming The Criminal Justice System" (PDF). Remarks to American Bar Association's Annual Convention in San Francisco, CA. US Department of Justice. August 12, 2013. p. 7. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  93. "A former Marine was pulled over for following a truck too closely. Police took nearly $87,000 of his cash". Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  94. "US to Provide $1 billion to Hire cops". CNN. July 28, 2009. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  95. "Grants and Resources for Community Policing". US Department of Justice. July 28, 2009.
  96. Lang, Brent (February 26, 2009). "Holder Revives Talk of an Assault Weapons Ban". CBS News.
  97. Lang, Lang (February 26, 2009). "Holder Revives Talk of an Assault Weapons Ban". CBS News . Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  98. "UBS bank listed among Holder ex-clients". The Seattle Times. January 27, 2009.
  99. Mikkelsen, Randall (March 2, 2009). "U.S., Swiss justice officials meet amid UBS probe". Reuters.
  100. "Holder to Present Reno with AJS's Justice Award" Palazzolo, Joe. The BLT:The Blog of Legal Times. April 17, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  101. McCullagh, Declan (November 29, 2010). "AG says WikiLeaks criminal probe is 'ongoing'". CNET. Archived from the original on May 14, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  102. Jaffe, Matthew (May 31, 2016). "Eric Holder Says Edward Snowden Performed a 'Public Service'". CNN. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  103. Hensch, Mark (May 31, 2016). "McConnell: Holder 'One of the Worst' Attorneys General Ever". The Hill . Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  104. "Holder Unveils Revisions to Limits on Profiling by Federal Law Enforcement - NBC News". NBC News .
  105. Perez, Evan (December 8, 2014). "Expanded profiling ban not for borders, airports - CNN". CNN .
  106. Tuohey, Jason (November 18, 2008). "Holder on Bush, executive power" (Article). The Boston Globe. News. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  107. "Holder: "Waterboarding is torture"". MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 7, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  108. Grim, Ryan (February 21, 2009). "Senate Republicans Delay Holder Confirmation". Huffington Post.
  109. Tapper, Jake (November 18, 2008). "Holder v Bush on War on Terror Tactics". ABC News Political Punch. Archived from the original (Blog) on January 24, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
  110. "Profile of Eric Holder". CFR.org. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  111. Yager, Jordy (March 2, 2011). "Gitmo may stay open beyond 2012". Thehill.com. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  112. "White House, Woodward Clash Over Allegations of Oil Price Fixing With Saudis, Critics Find Fault with Patriot Act" (Transcript). CNN - Judy Woodruff's Inside Politics . April 19, 2004. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  113. Greenwald, Glenn (November 19, 2008). "Preliminary facts and thoughts about Eric Holder" (Blog). Salon . Glenn Greenwald's Unclaimed Territory. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  114. "Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Attorney General Eric Holder at the Department of Justice African American History Month Program". U.S. Department of Justice. February 18, 2009.
  115. Mitchell, Mary (February 19, 2009). "Attorney General Eric Holder's race speech stirs debate". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009.
  116. Hornick, Ed (February 19, 2009). "Holder 'nation of cowards' remarks blasted, praised". CNN.
  117. "Obama Discusses Holder's 'Cowards' Remark". CNN. March 7, 2009.
  118. Cooper, Helene (March 7, 2009). "Attorney General Chided for Language on Race". The New York Times.
  119. 1 2 "Dispute over New Black Panthers case causes deep divisions". The Washington Post , October 22, 2010.
  120. 1 2 Gerstein, Josh (March 1, 2011). "Eric Holder: Black Panther case focus demeans 'my people'". Politico . Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  121. Randall, Eric (July 6, 2012). "James Taranto: Why Is This Man HAHAHA-ing?". The Wire. Archived from the original on March 1, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  122. "Eric Holder's People". The Wall Street Journal , March 2, 2011.
  123. Blum, Justin (July 6, 2011). "Congress Probes Payments to Gun Smugglers". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  124. Kopan, Tal. "Issa, Grassley write ATF over book". Politico . Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  125. "Justice Department Obstructing 'Fast and Furious' Gun Probe, ATF Director Says". Fox News. July 6, 2011.
  126. Fund, John and Von Spakovsky, Hans. (2014). Obama's Enforcer: Eric Holder's Justice Department. New York: Broadside Books. p. 143. ISBN   978-0-06-232092-6.
  127. "Memorandum to the Attorney General" (PDF). CBS News.
  128. "Holder emails" (PDF). NPR . Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  129. "Listen to Holder lying under sworn testimony starting at 01:30:12". C-spanvideo.org. May 3, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  130. Serrano, Richard A. (October 3, 2011). "Emails shows how top Justice Department officials knew of ATF gun program". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  131. McGreal, Chris (September 19, 2012). "Justice department Fast and Furious investigation clears Eric Holder". The Guardian.
  132. "Issa, Chaffetz confirm contempt plans for Holder over Fast and Furious". Fox News. April 27, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  133. "Issa: Holder must turn over documents or face contempt vote". CNN. June 19, 2012. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  134. Madhani and Davis, Aamer and Susan (June 20, 2012). "House panel votes to cite Holder for contempt of Congress". USA Today. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  135. "Congress contempt charge for US Attorney General Holder". BBC. June 21, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  136. "Citing NRA Score, Democrats Brace For Defections in Holder Contempt Vote". NBC News. June 26, 2012.
  137. Cora, Currier (June 21, 2012). "The Facts Behind Obama's Executive Privilege Claim". Pro Publica.
  138. "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 441". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  139. "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 442". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  140. "Congress' Eric Holder contempt vote: 4 takeaways". The Week . New York City. June 29, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  141. "House holds Holder in contempt". CNN. June 28, 2012.
  142. Rick Perry (November 21, 2011). "Eric Holder must go". The Washington Times. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  143. "Senator calls for Holder's resignation amid challenges over leak probe, Fast and Furious". Fox News. June 12, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  144. Rick Perry (June 19, 2012). "Elijah Cummings: Eric Holder Acted Honorably Eric Holder must go". Politico.
  145. Jennifer Bendery (June 29, 2012). "Eric Holder Won't Be Prosecuted For Contempt Charge, Jay Carney Says". Huffington Post.
  146. "Fast and Furious: Eric Holder Cleared but 14 Faulted". BBC News. September 19, 2012.
  147. Johnson, Kevin (September 19, 2012). "Review: Holder did not know about 'Fast and Furious'". USA Today .
  148. Weigel, David (September 25, 2014). "Six People Who Can Replace Eric Holder and Save Barack Obama". Bloomberg Businessweek . Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  149. Yost, Pete (August 20, 2014). "Judge: Justice Dept. must provide list of 'Fast and Furious' documents". The Washington Post . Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  150. Josh, Gerstein (October 6, 2014). "Judge declines to hold Holder in contempt". Politico.
  151. Josh, Gerstein (January 19, 2016). "Judge rejects Obama's executive privilege claim over Fast and Furious records". Politico.
  152. "Financial Fraud Enforcement Task Force Executive DirectorMichael J. Bresnickat the Exchequer Club of Washington, D.C. - OPA - Department of Justice". March 20, 2013.
  153. Alan Zibel and Brent Kendall (August 8, 2013). "Probe Turns Up Heat on Banks". WSJ.
  154. "'High risk' label from feds puts gun sellers in banks' crosshairs, hurts business". The Washington Times. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  155. Silver-Greenberg, Jessica (January 26, 2014). "Justice Department Inquiry Takes Aim at Banks' Business With Payday Lenders". The New York Times . Retrieved May 3, 2014.
  156. Douglas, Danielle (April 16, 2014). "Operation Choke Point: The battle over financial data between the government and banks". The Washington Post . Retrieved May 3, 2014.
  157. "Managing Risks in Third-Party Payment Processor Relationships" . Retrieved May 11, 2014.
  158. Mattingly, Phil (March 6, 2013). "Too-Big-to-Fail Banks Limit Prosecutor Options, Holder Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  159. Breslow, Jason (March 5, 2013). "Senators Bash DOJ for "Evasive" Response on "Too Big To Jail"". Frontline . Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  160. Senators Charles Grassley and Sherrod Brown (March 1, 2013). "Unsatisfactory Response from Justice Department on 'Too Big to Jail'". Archived from the original on March 6, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  161. "Eric Holder Backtracks Remarks on "Too Big To Jail"". Frontline.
  162. Boyer, Peter J. (May 6, 2012). "Why Can't Obama Bring Wall Street to Justice?". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  163. ProPublica. "Your Guide to the Latest Efforts to Hold Big Banks Accountable". ProPublica. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017.
  164. "The Divide" Matt Taibbi. 2014.
  165. "The $9 Billion Witness: Meet JPMorgan Chase's Worst Nightmare". Rolling Stone. November 6, 2014.
  166. Matthews, Christopher M. (July 11, 2016). "Justice Department Overruled Recommendation to Pursue Charges Against HSBC, Report Says". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  167. "H. RES. 411, Impeaching Eric H. Holder Jr., Attorney General of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors" (PDF). November 14, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  168. "Twenty House Republicans call for Holder impeachment". The Hill. November 14, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  169. "Actions - H.Res.411 - 113th Congress (2013-2014): Impeaching Eric H. Holder, Jr., Attorney General of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors". November 14, 2013.
  170. Wilber, Del Quentin; Schoenberg, Tom (September 25, 2014). "Holder Said to Plan to Resignation as Attorney General". Bloomberg News. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  171. Thomas, Pierre; Levine, Mike; Date, Jack; Cloherty, Jack (September 25, 2014). "Obama Announces Attorney General Eric Holder's Resignation". ABC News. Archived from the original on September 25, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  172. Johnson, Carrie (April 24, 2015). "With Tears And Thanks, Attorney General Eric Holder Says Goodbye". NPR. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  173. "Matt Taibbi: Eric Holder Back to Wall Street-Tied Law Firm After Years of Refusing to Jail Bankers". Democracy Now! . July 8, 2015. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  174. Matt Taibbi (July 8, 2015). "Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold". Rolling Stone . Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  175. Ogbeche, Danielle (February 3, 2016). "$3.9b fine: MTN hires ex-U.S attorney general to challenge NCC". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  176. "How MTN sliced billions off its Nigerian telecoms fine". Reuters. July 1, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  177. Dovere, Edward-Isaac. "Obama, Holder to lead post-Trump redistricting campaign". Politico. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  178. Overly, Steven (February 21, 2017). "Uber hires Eric Holder to investigate sexual harassment claims". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on February 21, 2017.
  179. Anita Balakrishnan (June 13, 2017). "Here's the full 13-page report of recommendations for Uber". CNBC .
  180. Solon, Olivia (June 7, 2016). "Uber fires more than 20 employees after sexual harassment investigation". The Guardian . ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on June 7, 2017.
  181. Tracey Lien (June 12, 2017). "Uber CEO's right-hand man, Emil Michael, is out. It's unclear if he was fired or quit". Los Angeles Times .
  182. Isaac, Mike (June 21, 2017). "Uber Founder Travis Kalanick Resigns as C.E.O." . The New York Times . Archived from the original on June 21, 2017.
  183. Segall, Laurie (June 21, 2017). "Travis Kalanick resigns as Uber CEO after months of crisis". CNN . Archived from the original on August 31, 2018.
  184. Samuels, Brett (July 29, 2018). "Eric Holder: 'Yeah, I'm interested' in White House bid". The Hill . Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  185. de Vries, Karl; Perez, Evan; Prokupecz, Shimon (October 24, 2018). "'Act of terror': Bombs sent to CNN, Clintons, Obamas, Holder". CNN. Archived from the original on October 24, 2018.
  186. Holder, Eric (March 4, 2019). "Eric Holder: I won't run, but I will fight to elect the right Democratic president". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  187. Zhou, Li (March 4, 2019). "Former Attorney General Eric Holder: 'I will not run for president in 2020'". Vox . Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  188. "Eric H. Holder Jr". Biographies. Covington & Burling LLP. June 15, 2008. Archived from the original on August 8, 2008. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  189. Holley, Joe (October 14, 2005). "Vivian Malone Jones Dies; Integrated U-Ala" (Obituaries). The Washington Post. Metro. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  190. Hook, Carol S. (November 19, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Eric Holder". Politics.usnews.com. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  191. "Holder, Eric H. (1951- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed". blackpast.org. January 18, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  192. "Covington's Eizenstat, Gesell, Holder, Horsky and Ruff Among Legal Times' 'Greatest Washington Lawyers of Past 30 Years'". Covington & Burlington LLP. May 28, 2008.
  193. "Diversity Overview". Covington & Burlington LLP.
  194. "Two Covington Partners Among National Law Journal's 50 Most Influential Minority Lawyers". Covington & Burlington LLP.
  195. "2010 BU Honorary Degree Recipients". BU Today. April 30, 2010. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  196. "Holder Urges Grads to Emulate Robert Kennedy's Legacy of Service". UVA School of Law News. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  197. Resmovits, Joy (March 10, 2009). "Holder Selected as Class Day Speaker". Columbia Daily Spectator . Retrieved July 7, 2010.
  198. "Barbados names gov't offices for US attorney general". San Diego Tribune.
  199. "100 Great Barbadians to be recognised". Barbados Advocate . June 12, 2009. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2009.
  200. "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  201. "2012 Summit Highlights Photo". U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder and the Executive Director of the ACLU Anthony Romero at the 2012 Summit.
  202. "2012 Living Legend Awards". I Am Empowered.
  203. Gerstein, Josh. "Eric Holder: 'I'm still the president's wingman'". POLITICO. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  204. "Obama, Holder Catch Heat For Close Ties". NPR. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  205. "'Put your skills to use to define our future,' Attorney General tells class". Harvard Law School News. May 23, 2012.
  206. "University of California, Berkeley Law School Commencement Address". C-SPAN. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
  207. "Columbia's 2017 Commencement Week Events Take Place from May 13 to 18". Columbia University News. May 9, 2017.

Further reading

Legal offices
Preceded by United States Deputy Attorney General
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Attorney General
Acting

2001
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Attorney General
2009–2015
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Cabinet Member Order of precedence of the United States
as Former US Cabinet Member
Succeeded byas Former US Cabinet Member