Gail, Texas

Last updated
Gail, Texas
Borden County Texas Courthouse 2010.jpg
Borden County Courthouse in Gail
Relief map of Texas.png
Red pog.svg
Gail
Coordinates: 32°46′13″N101°26′43″W / 32.77028°N 101.44528°W / 32.77028; -101.44528 Coordinates: 32°46′13″N101°26′43″W / 32.77028°N 101.44528°W / 32.77028; -101.44528
Country United States
State Texas
County Borden
Area
  Total2.02 sq mi (5.23 km2)
  Land2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
  Water0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
2,556 ft (779 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total231
  Density115/sq mi (44.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
79738
Area code(s) 806

Gail is an unincorporated small town in Borden County, Texas, United States. Located at the junction of U.S. Highway 180 and Farm to Market Road 669, it is the county seat of Borden County. [1] As of the 2010 Census, the population was 231. [2]

Contents

The town and county are named for Gail Borden Jr., the inventor of condensed milk.

Gail Mountain is located on the southwest edge of town. The 20th annual Christmas lighting of the star atop Gail Mountain was held on November 29, 2013. [3]

Mushaway Peak, a small but conspicuous butte, is located 4 miles (6 km) southeast.

History

Founded in 1891 to coincide with the organization of Borden County, Gail has served as county seat for the duration of its existence. Borden County had remained quite sparsely populated until 1903, when the locally famed "War of Ribbons", inspired by a state-sanctioned land grab, took place. The conflict took its name from the practice of established ranchers displaying their affiliation and identity by way of a blue ribbon on their sleeves, whereas new settlers to the area designated theirs with a similarly placed red ribbon. By 1910, Gail was home to more than 700 residents, and though this would fall to 600 by 1912, the community remained the economic and administrative hub of Borden County. Changes in agricultural practices and patterns, coupled with the impact of the Great Depression, hindered the town and county's prosperity. By 1936, Gail's population had dwindled to 250 residents, and by 1980, it had fallen to around 190. [4] The census of 2010 counted 231 residents in Gail. [2]

The Borden County Jail opened in 1896. Built at a cost of $4,500 by the Diebold Safe and Lock Company, it had 2-foot-thick (0.61 m) outside walls made of stone from Gail Mountain, and 0.3-foot (0.091 m) hardened steel plates in the cell walls and floor. [5] In 1956, two prisoners objected to Sheriff Sid Reeder's attempt to place them into one of the jail's cells when they noticed a rattlesnake sleeping inside. [6] A historic marker was placed outside the jail in 1967.

John R. "Rich" Anderson, owner of the 64,000-acre (26,000 ha) Muleshoe Ranch near Gail, won the 1992 National Cattleman's Association Environmental Stewardship Award. [7] His achievement was also recognized by the Texas House of Representatives.

Geography

Gail is located near the center of Borden County. U.S. Route 180 runs through the town, leading east 31 miles (50 km) to Snyder and west 31 miles to Lamesa. Big Spring along FM 669 is 40 miles (64 km) to the south, and Lubbock is 72 miles (116 km) to the north.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Gail has an area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.38%, is covered by water. [2]

Climate

Climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. The Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is BSk (tropical and subtropical steppe climate). [8]

Climate data for Gail, Texas
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)14
(58)
17
(62)
21
(70)
26
(79)
30
(86)
33
(92)
34
(94)
34
(93)
30
(86)
26
(78)
19
(67)
15
(59)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F)0
(32)
1
(34)
5
(41)
10
(50)
15
(59)
19
(66)
21
(69)
20
(68)
17
(62)
11
(52)
5
(41)
1
(33)
11
(51)
Average precipitation mm (inches)15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
23
(0.9)
33
(1.3)
71
(2.8)
61
(2.4)
53
(2.1)
56
(2.2)
66
(2.6)
48
(1.9)
20
(0.8)
18
(0.7)
480
(19)
Source: Weatherbase [9]

Education

Gail is served by the Borden County Independent School District, and is home to the Borden County High School Coyotes. The school's Coyote Stadium is a six-man football venue and can seat 350.

Places of interest

Notable people

Trivia

Gail, Texas, is also the name given to a Census Designated Place which includes the town proper. The town is additionally the locus of the United States Postal Service's Zip Code of 79738.

Related Research Articles

Borden County, Texas County in Texas

Borden County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 641, making it the fourth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Gail. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891. Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden, Jr., businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of six prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.

Ashville, Alabama City in Alabama, United States

Ashville is a city in St. Clair County, Alabama, United States. Its population was 2,212 at the 2010 census, down from 2,260, at which time it was a town. Ashville is the county seat of St. Clair County along with Pell City. It incorporated in 1822.

Monticello, Florida City in Florida, United States

Monticello is a city in Jefferson County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,506 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. The city is named after Monticello, the estate of the county's namesake, Thomas Jefferson, on which the Jefferson County Courthouse was modeled.

Burnet, Texas City in Texas, United States

Burnet is a city in and the county seat of Burnet County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,987 at the 2010 census.

Lockhart, Texas City in Texas, United States

Lockhart is a city in Caldwell County, Texas, United States. It is the county seat of Caldwell County. According to the 2010 census the population of Lockhart was 12,698. Lockhart and Caldwell County are within the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area.

Baird, Texas City in Texas, United States

Baird is a city and the county seat of Callahan County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,496 at the 2010 census. The city is named after Matthew Baird, the owner and director of the Texas & Pacific Railway. The railway depot is now operated as the visitor center and a transportation museum.

Paducah, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Paducah is a town in Cottle County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,186 at the 2010 census, down from 1,498 in 2000. It is the county seat of Cottle County. It is just south of the Texas Panhandle and east of the Llano Estacado.

Lamesa, Texas City in Texas, United States

Lamesa is a city in and the county seat of Dawson County, Texas, United States. The population was 9,422 at the 2010 census, down from 9,952 at the 2000 census. Located south of Lubbock on the Llano Estacado, Lamesa was founded in 1903. Most of the economy is based on cattle ranching and cotton farming. The Preston E. Smith prison unit, named for the former governor of Texas, is located just outside Lamesa.

Roby, Texas City in Texas, United States

Roby is a city in and the county seat of Fisher County, Texas, United States. The population was 643 at the 2010 census.

Post, Texas City in Texas, United States of America

Post is a city in and the county seat of Garza County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,376 at the 2010 census.

Gonzales, Texas City in Texas, United States

Gonzales is a city in Gonzales County, Texas, United States. The population was 7,237 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat.

Hillsboro, Texas City in Texas, United States

Hillsboro is a city in and the county seat of Hill County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,456 at the 2010 census.

Cleburne, Texas City in Texas, United States

Cleburne is a city in and the county seat of Johnson County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 29,337. The city is named in honor of Patrick Cleburne, a Confederate general. Lake Pat Cleburne, the reservoir that provides water to the city and surrounding area, is also named after him.

Benjamin, Texas City in Texas, United States

Benjamin is a city in Knox County, Texas, United States. It is the county seat of Knox County. The population was 258 at the 2010 census.

Brady, Texas City in Texas, United States

Brady is a city in McCulloch County, Texas, United States. Brady refers to itself as "The Heart of Texas", as it is the closest city to the geographical center of the state, which is about 15 miles northeast of Brady. The population was 5,528 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of McCulloch County.

Hillsville, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Hillsville is a town in Carroll County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,681 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Carroll County.

Marlinton, West Virginia Town in West Virginia, United States

Marlinton is a town in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,054 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pocahontas County, and is known for its scenic beauty.

Sarita, Texas Census-designated place in Texas, United States

Sarita is a census-designated place (CDP) in, and the county seat of Kenedy County, Texas, United States. It is the only settlement of note in the county, and as of the 2010 census had a population of 238. Sarita has been ranked the most politically liberal town in Texas.

Montague, Texas Census-designated place & Unincorporated Community in Texas, United States

Montague is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Montague County, Texas, United States. It is the county seat of Montague County and had an estimated population of 400 in 2000, according to the Handbook of Texas. Its population was 304 as of the 2010 census.

Palmyra, Virginia Census-designated place in Virginia, United States

Palmyra is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Fluvanna County, Virginia, United States. The population as of the 2010 census was 104. Palmyra lies on the eastern bank of the Rivanna River along U.S. Route 15. The ZIP code for Palmyra and surrounding rural land is 22963.

References

  1. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gail CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  3. Tai Kreidler, executive director, West Texas Historical Association, "The Twentieth Annual Lighting of the Star on Gail Mountain", November 11, 2013
  4. Hunt, William R. "GAIL, TX". Texas State Historical Association.
  5. "Borden County Jail". AllAcrossTexas.com.[ permanent dead link ]
  6. "Rattler Killed in Texas Jail". St. Joseph News-Press. Oct 14, 1956.
  7. Sasser, Ray (Feb 21, 1993). "Texas Cattleman's Land Management has Wide-Ranging Effect". Dallas News.
  8. Climate Summary for Gail, Texas
  9. "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 14, 2013.