Brownwood, Texas

Last updated
Brownwood, Texas
Brown county courthouse 2009.jpg
TXMap-doton-Brownwood.PNG
Location within the state of Texas
Brown County Brownwood.svg
Coordinates: 31°42′29″N98°58′57″W / 31.70806°N 98.98250°W / 31.70806; -98.98250 Coordinates: 31°42′29″N98°58′57″W / 31.70806°N 98.98250°W / 31.70806; -98.98250
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
County Brown
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   City Council Mayor Stephen Haynes
H D Jones
Ed McMillian
Larry Mathis
Draco Miller
Jerry DeHay
   City Manager Emily Crawford
Area
  Total14.9 sq mi (38.5 km2)
  Land14.8 sq mi (38.4 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
1,365 ft (416 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total19,288
  Density1,300/sq mi (502.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (CDT)
ZIP codes
76801-76804
Area code(s) 325
FIPS code 48-10780 [1]
GNIS feature ID1372753 [2]
Website brownwoodtexas.gov/1/

Brownwood is a city in and the county seat of Brown County, Texas, United States. [3] The population was 19,288 at the 2010 census. [4]

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Brown County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Brown County is a county in west-central Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,106. Its county seat is Brownwood. The county was founded in 1856 and organized in 1858. It is named for Henry Stevenson Brown, a commander at the Battle of Velasco, an early conflict between Texians and Mexicans.

Texas State in the United States

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area and population. Located in the South Central region, Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

History

The original site of the Brown County seat of Brownwood was east of Pecan Bayou. A dispute arose over land and water rights, and the settlers were forced to find a new location. Greenleaf Fisk donated 60 acres (24 ha) to relocate the county seat to the west side of the bayou, on what is now the current site of Brownwood, [5] and 100 additional acres for county use. The town was incorporated in 1884. [6]

Greenleaf Fisk Republic of Texas state legislator, military veteran, Father of Brownwood, Texas

Greenleaf Fisk (1807–1888) was a pioneer, known as “the Father of Brownwood, Texas”. When a land and water dispute necessitated a new site for Brown County's seat of Brownwood, Fisk donated the land for the new location. He was a military veteran of the Texas Revolution and was a member of the Republic of Texas House of Representatives. Fisk was a Chief Justice when he lived in Bastrop, Texas. When he relocated his family to Brown County, he became a substantial land owner and served the people in several positions of local government. In 1968, the home of Greenleaf Fisk was designated a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark, marker number 2273. February 25, 2004, the home was put on the National Register of Historic Places, Ref # 4000103.

During the Second World War, Brownwood was the location of U.S. Army Camp Bowie, which had a peak complement of over 80,000 soldiers. Camp Bowie serves as a training camp today at the intersection Farm-to-Market roads 45 and 2126.

Camp Bowie Place in Texas, United States

Camp Bowie is a United States National Guard training center located in west central Texas on the southern outskirts of Brownwood.

On April 19, 1976, an F5 tornado struck near Brownwood, causing extensive damage, with 11 reported injuries, but no fatalities. [7]

Brownwood's census figures were re-evaluated after the 2000 census from 18,813 to reflect more accurate figures of 20,407. The city was categorized in 2003 as a Micropolitan Statistical Area. The federal Office of Management and Budget has issued a definition of Micropolitan Statistical Areas as "an urban cluster of at least 10,000, but less than 50,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core, as measured by commuting ties."

Office of Management and Budget United States government agency

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent function is to produce the President's Budget, but OMB also measures the quality of agency programs, policies, and procedures to see if they comply with the president's policies and coordinates inter-agency policy initiatives.

A dispute over water rights created the adjacent city of Early. The two cities are separated by the Pecan Bayou, one of five major tributaries of the Colorado River of Texas.

Early, Texas City in Texas, United States

Early is a city located in Brown County in west-central Texas, in the United States. The population was 2,762 at the 2010 census. It is named for Walter U. Early, who donated land for the schools. It is home to the Early Independent School District and the Heartland Mall.

Colorado River (Texas) river in Texas

The Colorado River is an approximately 862-mile (1,387 km) long river in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the 18th longest river in the United States and the longest river with both its source and its mouth within Texas.

Geography

Brownwood is located south of the center of Brown County, west of the Pecan Bayou. It is bordered to the east by the city of Early. Several U.S. Highways pass through the city. Routes 84 and 67 lead west towards Bangs and Santa Anna. U.S. Route 377 leads southwest towards Brady. All three highways head east into Early, where 67 and 377 continue northeast towards Comanche, while 84 leads southeast towards Goldthwaite. Just over the city line in Early, U.S. Route 183 leads north 46 miles (74 km) to Cisco and Interstate 20, the closest Interstate highway.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Brownwood has a total area of 14.9 square miles (38.5 km2), of which 14.8 square miles (38.4 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.17%, is covered by water. [4]

Water bodies

Lake Brownwood is located 7 miles (11 km) north of the city. The lake is a 7,300-acre (30 km2) reservoir created by damming the Pecan Bayou. A wide variety of fish occurs in the lake: largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, white bass, striped bass, white crappie, yellow and flathead catfish, sunfish (perch), and alligator gar. Camping, water skiing, jet skiing, and boating are available. It is home of Lake Brownwood State Park, a 538-acre (2.18 km2) area that opened in 1938.

Pecan Bayou is a major tributary of the Colorado River. Due to the damming of the area to form Lake Brownwood, the bayou has a shallow depth and little flow downstream from Brownwood. During heavy rains, the bayou often floods. It runs northwest to southeast and serves as a boundary between the cities of Brownwood and Early.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 725
1890 2,176200.1%
1900 3,96582.2%
1910 6,96775.7%
1920 8,22318.0%
1930 12,78955.5%
1940 13,3984.8%
1950 20,18150.6%
1960 16,974−15.9%
1970 17,3682.3%
1980 19,39611.7%
1990 18,387−5.2%
2000 18,8132.3%
2010 19,2882.5%
Est. 201818,714 [8] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [1] of 2000, 18,813 people, 7,110 households, and 4,664 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,493.2 people per square mile (576.5/km²). The 8,169 housing units averaged 648.4 per square mile (250.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.74% White, 5.51% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 8.47% from other races]], and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 21.34% of the population.

Of the 7,110 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were not families. About 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was distributed as 27.5% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,325, and for a family was $33,991. Males had a median income of $29,090 versus $18,905 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,158. About 18.2% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Texas Youth Commission operates the Ron Jackson State Juvenile Correctional Complex in Brownwood. [10]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Brownwood District Parole Office in the city. [11]

The United States Postal Service operates the Brownwood Post Office. [12]

Education

The city lies within the Brownwood Independent School District. Brownwood High School has a strong tradition of nonsports UIL participation, including academic competitions and drama (one-act plays). Other opportunities for student participation include band, DECA, FFA, drill team (the Lionettes), Key Club, student council, Students Against Destructive Decisions, and National Honor Society.

The BHS mascot is the lion, with school colors of maroon and white. The school was tied for most state championships in high school football, with seven, the last coming in 1981, until Celina won their eighth state championship in 2007. Gordon Wood, who coached at Brownwood High for a quarter-century, retired in 1985 as one of the greatest coaches in Texas history, with 396 wins. He was recently surpassed by former Celina and Pilot Point coach G. A. Moore. Many athletes from surrounding communities move to Brownwood to play for the maroon and white.

Brownwood is home to Howard Payne University. The university's teams achieved national championship status in 1957 and 1964 in NAIA Cross Country, and in 2008 with NCAA Division III Women's Basketball. The Douglas MacArthur Academy of Freedom, a museum with recreations of famous rooms in American history, such as Independence Hall, and a 32-foot-high (9.8 m) mural depicting Biblical history, is located on the Howard Payne campus.

Brownwood is also the home of a West Texas campus of the Texas State Technical College System. Computer-aided drafting and design, digital imaging and design, software and business accounting, associate degree nursing, chemical dependency counseling, health information technology, computer network systems and administration, computer science database and web programming technology, emergency medical technology (paramedics), mechatronics, and welding technology are some of the courses offered at the TSTC campus.

Transportation

Brownwood is served by the following highways: US 67, US 84, US 183, US 377, and Texas State Highway 279. The Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad, Fort Worth and Western Railroad and Texas Rock Crusher Railway also serve the Brownwood area.

Brownwood is served by Brownwood Regional Airport. The airport currently has two runways: 17/35, a 5599 × 150-ft (1707 × 46-m) asphalt runway (30,000 lb per wheel), and 13/31, a 4596 × 100-ft (1401 × 30-m) asphalt runway (25,000 lb per wheel). Mostly cargo and private air operations take place at the airport, although in the past, Mesa Airlines offered regional connections.

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brownwood has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [14]

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References

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  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brownwood city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  5. Aston, B.W; Taylor, Ira Donathon (1997). Along the Texas Forts Trail. University of North Texas Press. p. 120. ISBN   978-1-57441-035-8.
  6. Odintz, Mark. "Brownwood, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  7. A Severe Weather and Flood Climatology of West Central Texas. Retrieved on July 16, 2010.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "Facility Address List Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  11. "Parole Division Region V Archived September 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  12. "Post Office Location - BROWNWOOD Archived June 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  13. "Jerald Jackson Taylor". apnewsarchive.com. April 3, 1995. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  14. Climate Summary for Brownwood, Texas