Caldwell, Texas

Last updated
Caldwell, Texas
Caldwell downtown1 (1 of 1).jpg
Downtown Caldwell
Nicknames: 
The Kolache Capital of Texas
The Big Grape
Motto(s): 
"Preparing for the Future with Respect for the Past"
TXMap-doton-Caldwell.PNG
Location of Caldwell in the state of Texas
Burleson County Caldwell.svg
Coordinates: 30°31′43″N96°42′1″W / 30.52861°N 96.70028°W / 30.52861; -96.70028 Coordinates: 30°31′43″N96°42′1″W / 30.52861°N 96.70028°W / 30.52861; -96.70028
Country United States
State Texas
County Burleson
Government
   Mayor Norris McManus
   City Administrator Johnny Price
Area
  Total 3.9 sq mi (10.2 km2)
  Land3.9 sq mi (10.1 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
384 ft (117 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total4,104
  Density1,053/sq mi (406.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77836
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-11836 [1]
GNIS feature ID1353534 [2]
Website www.caldwelltx.gov

Caldwell is a designated Main Street City in Burleson County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census. [3] It is the county seat of Burleson County. [4] It is part of the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area.

Burleson County, Texas County in the United States

Burleson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,187. Its county seat is Caldwell. The county is named for Edward Burleson, a general and statesman of the Texas Revolution.

Texas U.S. state in the United States

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

Caldwell is the home of the Czech Heritage Museum, which is open to the public on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The annual Kolache Festival, a celebration of Czech heritage named for a type of pastry, is held in Caldwell the second weekend of September.

The Czechs, Czechians, or the Czech people, are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history, and Czech language.

Pastry name given to various kinds of baked products

Pastry is a dough of flour, water and shortening that may be savoury or sweetened. Sweetened pastries are often described as bakers' confectionery. The word "pastries" suggests many kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs. Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called pastries. Common pastry dishes include pies, tarts, quiches, croissants, and pasties.

Geography

Caldwell is located northwest of the center of Burleson County at 30°31′43″N96°42′1″W / 30.52861°N 96.70028°W / 30.52861; -96.70028 (30.528580, -96.700350). [5] Texas State Highway 21 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 23 miles (37 km) to Bryan and southwest 50 miles (80 km) to Bastrop. Texas State Highway 36 bypasses the center of the city to the northeast, leading northwest 16 miles (26 km) to Milano and southeast 32 miles (51 km) to Brenham.

Texas State Highway 21 highway in Texas

State Highway 21, or SH 21, runs from the Texas-Louisiana boundary east of San Augustine to San Marcos in east and central Texas. SH 21 mostly follows the alignment of the Old San Antonio Road and the El Camino Real, except for the portion between Midway and Bryan, where the Old San Antonio Road took a more northerly route, and SH 21 follows a more direct route. That section of the Old San Antonio Road is served by Texas State Highway OSR.

Bryan, Texas City in Texas, United States

Bryan is a city and the county seat of Brazos County, Texas, United States. It is located in the heart of the Brazos Valley. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 76,201. As of May 2017, the estimated population was 84,637. Bryan borders the city of College Station, which lies to its south. Together they are referred to as the Bryan–College Station metropolitan area, which has a population of more than 250,069.

Bastrop, Texas City in Texas, United States

Bastrop is a city and the county seat of Bastrop County, Texas, United States. Located about 30 mi (48 km) southeast of Austin, it is part of the Greater Austin metropolitan area. The population was 7,218 according to the 2010 census.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Caldwell has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.2 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.66%, is water. [3]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 301
1890 1,250315.3%
1900 1,58526.8%
1910 1,476−6.9%
1920 1,68914.4%
1930 1,7242.1%
1940 2,16525.6%
1950 2,109−2.6%
1960 2,2044.5%
1970 2,3084.7%
1980 2,95327.9%
1990 3,1817.7%
2000 3,4498.4%
2010 4,10419.0%
Est. 20164,326 [6] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 3,449 people, 1,322 households, and 938 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,021.4 people per square mile (394.0/km²). There were 1,485 housing units at an average density of 439.8 per square mile (169.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.24% White, 12.64% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 13.71% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.96% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 1,322 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,936, and the median income for a family was $37,658. Males had a median income of $25,745 versus $20,306 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,141. About 14.2% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Caldwell is served by the Caldwell Independent School District.


Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Caldwell has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [11]

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References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Caldwell city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. "Richard Bowers". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  9. "Caldwell Attorney Leighton Schubert to Run for District 13 Seat". KWHI. November 24, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  10. Fernandez, Erika. "Caldwell native makes history as first woman elected to council". www.kbtx.com. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  11. Climate Summary for Caldwell, Texas