Sonora, Texas

Last updated

Sonora, Texas
City
Sonora, TX, welcome sign IMG 1381.JPG
Sonora entrance sign
Nickname(s): "Home of the Caverns of Sonora"
TXMap-doton-Sonora.PNG
Location in the state of Texas
Sutton County Sonora.svg
Coordinates: 30°34′5″N100°38′39″W / 30.56806°N 100.64417°W / 30.56806; -100.64417 Coordinates: 30°34′5″N100°38′39″W / 30.56806°N 100.64417°W / 30.56806; -100.64417
Country United States
State Texas
County Sutton
Government
   Mayor Wanda Shurley
Area
  Total2 sq mi (5.1 km2)
  Land2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation2,129 ft (649 m)
Population (2010)
  Total3,027
  Density1,512.0/sq mi (592.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code 76950
Area code(s) Area code 325
FIPS code 48-68756 [1]
GNIS feature ID1368606 [2]
Website
The Sutton County Courthouse is perched on a hill overlooking Sonora. Sutton County, TX, Courthouse IMG 1364.JPG
The Sutton County Courthouse is perched on a hill overlooking Sonora.
Sonora City Hall Sonora, TX, City Hall IMG 1361.JPG
Sonora City Hall
A glimpse of the eastern side of downtown Sonora Downtown Sonora, TX IMG 1376.JPG
A glimpse of the eastern side of downtown Sonora
Sonora Bank at 102 E. Main St. in Sonora Sonora Bank, TX DSCN0931.JPG
Sonora Bank at 102 E. Main St. in Sonora
First Methodist Church of Sonora First Methodist Church, Sonora, TX IMG 1371.JPG
First Methodist Church of Sonora
Presbyterian Church of the Good Shepherd in Sonora Presbyterian Church, Sonora, TX IMG 1374.JPG
Presbyterian Church of the Good Shepherd in Sonora
First Baptist Church Fellowship Hall in Sonora is named for J. C. Hancock, the pastor there from 1968 to 1983. First Baptist Church, Sonora, TX IMG 1378.JPG
First Baptist Church Fellowship Hall in Sonora is named for J. C. Hancock, the pastor there from 1968 to 1983.

Sonora is a city in and the county seat of Sutton County, Texas, United States. [3] The population was 3,027 at the 2010 census. [4]

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Sutton County, Texas county in Texas, USA

Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,128. Its county seat is Sonora. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1890. Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Contents

Geography and climate

Sonora is located at 30°34′5″N100°38′39″W / 30.56806°N 100.64417°W / 30.56806; -100.64417 (30.568166, -100.644163). [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km²), all of it land.

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

The area lies in the western portions of the Texas Hill Country, a region of limestone outcrops and rolling terrain dotted with areas of live oaks ( Quercus fusiformis ) and juniper ( Juniperus ashei ) in the form of a woodland or savanna, alternating with a blend of various grasses and other shrubs and cacti.

<i>Quercus fusiformis</i> species of plant

Quercus fusiformis, commonly known as escarpment live oak, plateau live oak, or plateau oak, is an evergreen or nearly evergreen tree. Its native range includes the Quartz Mountains and Wichita Mountains in southwestern Oklahoma, through Texas, to the Mexican states of Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and Nuevo León.

<i>Juniperus ashei</i> species of plant

Juniperus ashei is a drought-tolerant evergreen tree, native to northeastern Mexico and the south-central United States north to southern Missouri; the largest areas are in central Texas, where extensive stands occur. It grows up to 10 m (33 ft) tall, rarely 15 m (49 ft), and provides erosion control and year-round shade for wildlife and livestock.

Sonora's climate is subhumid and subtropical, though periods of long drought are not uncommon due to the proximity of deserts and steppes nearby, to the west. The upland location allows some of the periodic Gulf of Mexico moisture to interact with frontal systems and elevated terrain to create more clouds and precipitation than locations in the brush country to the south, or the steppes and deserts to the west and northwest. Thunderstorms with heavy rainfall are most frequent during spring and fall months, though some lighter, steady precipitation and low clouds can occur during the winter, due in large part to frontal systems originating on the plains and prairies to the north.

Summers are long and hot, often with higher humidity, though a good breeze often moderates the heat. Fall through spring months are often pleasant, though winter can experience brief periods of cold or cloudy weather.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 1,009
1930 1,94292.5%
1940 2,52830.2%
1950 2,6334.2%
1960 2,619−0.5%
1970 2,149−17.9%
1980 3,85679.4%
1990 2,751−28.7%
2000 2,9246.3%
2010 3,0273.5%
Est. 20162,835 [6] −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [1] of 2000, 2,924 people, 1,043 households, and 808 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,488.8 people per square mile (576.0/km²). There were 1,264 housing units at an average density of 643.6 per square mile (249.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.18% White, 0.34% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 23.36% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 53.35% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Of the 1,043 households, 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were not families. About 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.23.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was distributed as 31.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,272, and for a family was $38,106. Males had a median income of $31,728 versus $17,935 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,128. About 13.0% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Local government

The city government of Sonora uses the aldermanic form of government. It is led by an elected mayor and four other council members. [8]

As of February 24, 2016 the mayor of Sonora was Wanda Shurley and the four council members were Doug Chandler, Todd Munn, Jeremy Dawson, and Terri Johnson. [9] The Sonora police department is headed by Chief Matthew Routh.

Education

The City of Sonora is served by the Sonora Independent School District. Sonora exhibits a proud tradition of both academic and athletic success in its long history. The Sonora High School Broncos have won the most football state championships in their division (2A) with five, the most recent having been won in 2000 against the Blanco Panthers.

The latest championship team was coached by Jason Herring. 2000 was the first of two State Championships for him, his second coming in 2011 (beating the Broncos on the way there) with the Refugio Bobcats.

History

On the night of April 2, 1901, William Carver, a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch, was shot and killed in Jack Owen's Bakery by Sheriff E.S. Briant and his deputies. Briant was trying to arrest Carver on suspicion of the murder of Oliver Thornton in Concho County.

Notable residents

Attractions

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References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "City of Sonora, Texas Code of Ordinances Division 1, Sections 2-41 and 2-42" . Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  9. "City Council" . Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  10. "Jerald Jackson Taylor". apnewsarchive.com. April 3, 1995. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  11. "Eaton Hill Nature Center". Texas Mountain Trail Region. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  12. "Miers Home Museum". Texas Mountain Trail Region. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  13. "Old Sonora Ice House Ranch Museum". Texas Mountain Trail Region. Retrieved 4 November 2014.