Giddings, Texas

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Giddings, Texas
Giddings, TX, Municipal Building IMG 9209.JPG
The Giddings Municipal Building is located across from the renovated Lee County Courthouse.
Lee County Giddings.svg
Location in Lee County in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°10′59″N96°56′5″W / 30.18306°N 96.93472°W / 30.18306; -96.93472 Coordinates: 30°10′59″N96°56′5″W / 30.18306°N 96.93472°W / 30.18306; -96.93472
Country United States
State Texas
County Lee
Government
   Mayor John Dowell
Area
[1]
  Total5.31 sq mi (13.75 km2)
  Land5.28 sq mi (13.67 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
505 ft (154 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total4,969
  Density966.27/sq mi (373.10/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78942
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-29432 [2]
GNIS feature ID1336515 [3]
Website www.giddings.net

Giddings is the county seat of Lee County, Texas, United States situated on the intersection of U.S. Highway 77. Its population was 4,969 at the 2020 census. [4] The city is in Lee county, named in honor of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

Contents

History

The land where the city of Giddings now stands was part of the land granted to Stephen F. Austin in 1821 for a colony in Spanish Texas, and later became part of the Robertson Colony. [5]

The Lee County Courthouse in Giddings (built 1899) Lee county texas courthouse 2014.jpg
The Lee County Courthouse in Giddings (built 1899)
Giddings Area Pumpjack PumpJack.jpg
Giddings Area Pumpjack

The city itself was founded in 1871 when the Houston and Texas Central Railway came to the area. It probably took its name from local magnate Jabez Deming Giddings, who was instrumental in bringing the railway to the area. He had come to the area from Pennsylvania in 1838 to claim the land bounty of his brother Giles A. Giddings, killed at the Battle of San Jacinto. Another theory is that the city was named after Jabez's brother Dewitt Clinton Giddings.

Early settlers in the new town were mostly pioneers from the surrounding communities, such as Old Evergreen and Shady Grove. The majority of these people were ethnically British Isles natives, but a sizable minority were Wendish families from the Serbin area. They would later establish the German-language newspaper Deutsches Volksblatt .

A syndicate headed by William Marsh Rice owned the whole townsite and sold property to settlers. Later, Rice Institute (now Rice University) in Houston had control and sold the lots.

Wide streets were a distinguishing characteristic of the town; the two main thoroughfares (Main and Austin Streets) were 100 feet (30 m) wide, and other streets were 80 feet (24 m) wide. The town's first church, established in 1871, was Methodist. J. D. Giddings Masonic Lodge, chartered in Evergreen in 1865, moved to Giddings, and early churches and a public school met in its building. Soon after the Civil War, freed slaves from farms and plantations settled in Giddings. Classes for more than 50 black students were held in a church in 1883, and the first black public school was built in 1887.

Giddings became the county seat when Lee County was established in 1874. Early businesses included the Granger store, a blacksmith shop and saloon, a millinery shop, a saddle and harness shop, and an oil mill. Brick buildings came in 1875. The courthouse built in 1878 burned and was replaced in 1899. Fletcher House, built in 1879 by August W. Schubert, was sold to the Missouri Synod of the Immanuel Lutheran Church in 1894 to house Concordia Lutheran College. By 1890, the town was part of a rich cotton-growing area with access to the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway, several gins, an opera house, newspapers, and a population estimated at 1,000. The First National Bank was opened in 1890 and was still in operation more than a century later. The town was incorporated in 1913 and had a population of 2,000 by 1914.

In the early 1980s, the oil-laden Austin chalk that underlies the town was tapped, and the area experienced an oil boom. Some 300 oil-related businesses located in the town, and many oil rigs were operating in outlying areas. In the late 1980s, however, the oil activities decreased almost to a standstill. The population of Giddings in 1988 was 5,178. In 1990, local businesses included a hospital, a medical clinic, a dialysis clinic, a chiropractic clinic, two nursing homes, a library, motels, restaurants, two newspapers, a peanut mill, Invader Boat Manufacturing Company, and Nutrena-Cargill Mills. Nineteen churches were in the city.

Geography

Giddings is located at 30°10′59″N96°56′5″W / 30.18306°N 96.93472°W / 30.18306; -96.93472 (30.183116, –96.934614). [6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13 km2), of which 5.2 square miles (13 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.58%) is covered by water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen climate classification describes the weather as humid subtropical, called Cfa. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 624
1890 1,20392.8%
1920 1,650
1930 1,83511.2%
1940 2,16618.0%
1950 2,53216.9%
1960 2,82111.4%
1970 2,783−1.3%
1980 3,95041.9%
1990 4,0933.6%
2000 5,10524.7%
2010 4,881−4.4%
2020 4,9691.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
Giddings racial composition as of 2020 [9]
(NH = Non-Hispanic) [lower-alpha 1]
RaceNumberPercentage
White (NH)1,87637.75%
Black or African American (NH)62312.54%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH)100.2%
Asian (NH)320.64%
Some Other Race (NH)70.14%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH)1533.08%
Hispanic or Latino 2,26845.64%
Total4,969

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,969 people, 1,685 households, and 1,364 families residing in the city.

As of the census [2] of 2000, 5,105 people, 1,639 households, and 1,125 families resided in the city. The population density was 991.9 people per square mile (382.7/km2). The 1,852 housing units averaged 359.9 per square mile (138.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.99% White, 13.26% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 16.47% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 34.73% of the population.

Of the 1,639 households, 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were not families. About 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city, the population was distributed as 31.3% under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $ and for a family was $37,115. Males had a median income of $27,370 versus $21,706 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,768. About 13.8% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Compared to other places, Giddings, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.46 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (2.55 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (2.24 times) industries. From 2016 to 2017, employment in Giddings, TX grew at a rate of 4.79%, from 2.3k employees to 2.41k employees. The most common employment sectors for those who live in Giddings, TX, are Other Services, Except Public Administration (301 people), Manufacturing (285 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (274 people).

Major employers include:

Altman Plants. Headquartered in California, the company has a total greenhouse area of 38 acres and 20 docks at the Giddings facility that equip the company to effectively and efficiently turn quality material around from the greenhouse to regional retail garden centers.

Kaemark The nation's largest manufacturer of salon furnishings, the company's headquarters in Giddings features a =10,000 sq ft showroom facility where buyers can view hundreds of different types of salon equipment including Made In The USA styling stations, shampoo bowls, wet stations, reception desks and more.

Giddings State School. Giddings State School is a juvenile correctional facility of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department located in unincorporated Lee County, Texas, near Giddings.

The Giddings Seed Laboratory (previously Pieratt's Seed Lab [5] ), a project of the Texas Department of Agriculture, is located in Giddings. [12]

The United States Postal Service operates the Giddings Post Office in Giddings. [13]

Giddings is a part of the Rural Capital Area Workforce Development Board and the area is served by Workforce Solutions in a community partnership that provides no cost recruitment, employment, and information services to businesses and job seekers in the nine-county Rural Capital Area

The business community is served by both the Giddings Economic Development Corporation and the Small Business Development - Texas State, each of who assist existing businesses and aspiring entrepreneurs with free face-to-face business consulting and at-cost business

In 2014, the Giddings Economic Development (GEDC) purchased 165 acres of land on the east side of town with highway frontage for the development of the Giddings 290 Business Park. The GEDC broke ground on construction in the spring 2015. The GEDC also expanded its office space to a new location along Hwy 290 in order to increase visibility and to provide more amenities to clients.

Education

The City of Giddings is served by the Giddings Independent School District. Giddings High School is a 9th-12th grade campus located in Giddings, Texas. The campus is a member of District 13-AAAA Div.2 with an enrollment of 657 students.

The Texas Youth Commission operates the Giddings State School in unincorporated Lee County, near Giddings. [14]

The Texas Legislature designates most of Lee County (Giddings included) as being in the Blinn Junior College district. [15]

Media

Local newspapers serving Giddings and Lee County at large are presently the Giddings Times and News [16] and the Lexington Leader. [17]

A local radio station, KGID, Inc. FM 96.3, has operated since 2018.

The Giddings Deutsches Volksblatt, a trilingual German-English-Wendish/Sorbian newspaper, was published in Giddings. [18]

Arts and culture

Giddings at the intersection of U.S. Highways 290 and 77 Giddings, TX at Hwys 290 and 77 IMG 9214.JPG
Giddings at the intersection of U.S. Highways 290 and 77
Fire department Giddings fire dept.png
Fire department

In 2015, the city of Giddings, the Giddings Economic Development Corporation and members of the American Legion launched Phase I of the Veterans Memorial Wall Project. The Lee County Veterans Association was created to manage and conduct fundraising for the project which broke ground in Spring 2020.

The Wendish heritage in Giddings is celebrated annually in nearby Serbin, Texas, put on by the Texas Wendish Heritage Society. It occurs on the fourth Sunday every September.

The Giddings Area Chamber of Commerce operates the Lee County Heritage Center/ Hubert-Fletcher Home.

The City Meat Market restaurant at the corner of Austin and Main Streets was rated one of the 50 best places for barbecue by Texas Monthly . [19]

In 2017, Texas Monthly Magazine selected Snow's BBQ as Best BBQ in Texas, thereby elevating female pitmaster Tootsie Tomanetz to regional celebrity status one week before her 85th birthday. The business was previously honored with this award in 2008. Tomanetz is slated to appear in the Netflix documentary Chef's Table.

The Historic Freight Station and Depot Complex is located in Downtown Giddings. Property owner Giddings Economic Development Corporation has leased one of the freight stations to Dime Box Distillery for use as a tasting room and bottling operation and another building for use as a Brewhaus and German Restaurant, currently under development.

The 2021 season of the Netflix series Chef's Table takes a look at barbecue around the world and will feature Lee County pitmaster Tootsie Tomanetz.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

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The Giddings Deutsches Volksblatt was a trilingual German-American newspaper published in Giddings, Texas. Most of the content was in German, while many stories were in English and some short supplements were in Wendish (Sorbian), the language of Wendish settlers in that area of Texas, especially in nearby Serbin. In early years of publication, the newspaper included a Sorbian supplement. The Deutsches Volksblatt was designed to serve the German Texan community and especially the Wends scattered throughout Texas.

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Giddings city, Texas". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  5. 1 2 "Giddings, TX." Handbook of Texas . Retrieved on August 21, 2010.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. Climate Summary for Giddings, Texas
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  10. http://www.census.gov [ not specific enough to verify ]
  11. "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  12. "Seed Laboratories." Texas Department of Agriculture. Retrieved on August 21, 2010. "Giddings Seed Lab" "1010 CR 226 (shipping) Giddings 78942"
  13. "Post Office Location - GIDDINGS Archived 2012-06-14 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 21, 2010.
  14. "Giddings State School Archived 2011-02-20 at the Wayback Machine ." Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on August 21, 2010.
  15. Texas Education Code Sec. 130.168. BLINN JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-11-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. http://www.lexingtonleader.com/
  18. "Giddings Deutsches Volksblatt." Handbook of Texas . Retrieved on August 21, 2010.
  19. "City Meat Market – Texas Monthly".
  20. Ferguson, Jeffrey (2008). The Harlem Renaissance . Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's. p.  30, 73–76. ISBN   9780312410759.
  21. Billy Hathorn, "Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Bill Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Bill, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Series Television, 1955 to 1967", West Texas Historical Review , Vol. 89 (2013), pp. 113-115
  1. Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. [10] [11]