Political party strength in Texas

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Texas:

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Lieutenant Governor of Texas position

The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.

Texas Attorney General attorney general for the U.S. state of Texas

The Texas Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the State of Texas. The current Attorney General Ken Paxton has served in this position since January 5, 2015.

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts is an executive branch position created by the Texas Constitution. As with nearly every other executive branch head in Texas, the Comptroller is popularly elected every four years concurrently with the governor and the other elected executive branch positions. The current Comptroller is Glenn Hegar, who took office on January 2, 2015.

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

Texas House of Representatives

The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968.

Railroad Commission of Texas

The Railroad Commission of Texas is the state agency that regulates the oil and gas industry, gas utilities, pipeline safety, safety in the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) industry, and surface coal and uranium mining. Despite its name, it ceased regulating railroads in 2005.

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:    Democratic (D),   Democratic/Military (DM),    Independent (I),    Republican (R), and    Unionist (U).

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

The Unionist Party, later re-named Unconditional Unionist Party, was a political party in the United States started after the Compromise of 1850 to define politicians who supported the Compromise. Members included Southern Democrats who were loyal to the Union as well as elements of the old Whig Party and other factions opposed to a separate Southern Confederacy.

YearExecutive offices State Legislature Railroad Comm. United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Gov. Atty. Gen. Comptroller Treas. Land Comm. Ag. Comm. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1846 James Pinckney Henderson (D) Albert Clinton Horton (D) Volney Howard (D) James B. Shaw (D) James H. Raymond (D) Thomas William Ward (D)no such officeD MajorityD Majorityno such office Thomas J. Rusk (D) Sam Houston (D)2D
1847 George T. Wood (D) John Alexander Greer (D) John W. Harris (D)
1848 George W. Smyth (D)D MajorityD Majority Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D) Red x.svg
1849 Peter Hansborough Bell (D) [1]

style="background:#B0CEFF"|Henry P. Brewster (D)

1850 Andrew Jackson Hamilton (D)D MajorityD Majority
1851 James W. Henderson (D) Ebenezer Allen (D) Stephen Crosby (D)
1852 Thomas J. Jennings (D)D MajorityD Majority Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green check.svg
1853James W. Henderson (D) [2] vacant
Elisha M. Pease (D) David Catchings Dickson (D)
1854D MajorityD Majority
1855 Hardin Richard Runnels (D) Sam Houston (D)1D, 1K-N
1856James Willie (D)20D, 9A, 4?60D, 30A James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D) Green check.svg
1857Hardin Richard Runnels (D) Francis Lubbock (D)J. Pinckney Henderson (D)2D
1858 Malcolm D. Graham (D) Clement R. Johns (D) Cyrus H. Randolph (D) Francis M. White (D)27D, 6A81D, 9A Matthias Ward (D)
1859Sam Houston (I) [3] Edward Clark (D) John Hemphill (D)
1860 George M. Flournoy (D)D MajorityD Majority Louis T. Wigfall (D)John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) Red x.svg
1861Edward Clark (D) [2] vacant
Francis R. Lubbock (D) John McClannahan Crockett (D)Expelled following Texas' secession from the U.S.
1862 Nathan G. Shelley (D) American Civil War American Civil War/no delegations seated
1863 Pendleton Murrah (D) [4] Fletcher Stockdale (D)Stephen Crosby
1864 Benjamin E. Tarver (D)No Electors Counted
1865Fletcher Stockdale (D) [2] vacant William Alexander (U) Willis L. Robards (D)
Andrew Jackson Hamilton (DM) [5] Samuel Harris (D)Francis M. White (D) Reconstruction/no delegations seated
1866 James W. Throckmorton (D) [6] George Washington Jones (D) [6] William M. Walton (D) Albert H. Latimer (R) W. M. Royston (D)Stephen Crosby (D)
1867 Elisha M. Pease (R) [7] vacant [8] Ezekiel B. Turner (U) Morgan C. Hamilton (R) John T. Allan (R) Joseph Spence (R)
1868
1869 James W. Flanagan (R) [9] George W. Honey (R)
1870 Edmund J. Davis (R) [10] Donald Campbell (R) [11] William Alexander (R) Albert A. Bledsoe (R) Jacob Kuechler (R)19R, 11D54R, 36DJames W. Flanagan (R)Morgan C. Hamilton (R)3R, 1D
1871 David Webster Flanagan (R) [11] 3D, 1R
1872 Albert Jennings Fountain (R) [11] 4D Thomas A. Hendricks and B. Gratz Brown (D) Red x.svg
1873 Edward Bradford Pickett (D) [11] B. Graham (R)17D, 13R72D, 16R, 2?6D
1874 Richard Coke (D) [12] Richard B. Hubbard (D) George Clark (D) Stephen H. Darden (D) Andrew Jackson Dorn (D) J. J. Gross (D)26D, 4R79D, 11R
1875 Samuel B. Maxey (D)
1876Richard B. Hubbard (D) [2] vacant Hannibal H. Boone (D) Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas Andrews Hendricks (D) Red x.svg
187727D, 3R, 1I81D, 6R, 6IRichard Coke (D)
1878 George McCormick (D) William C. Walsh (D)
1879 Oran M. Roberts (D) Joseph D. Sayers (D)Francis R. Lubbock (D)25D, 4R, 2G74D, 10G, 9R5D, 1GB
1880 James H. McLeary (D) William M. Brown (D) Winfield Hancock and William Hayden English (D) Red x.svg
1881 Leonidas Jefferson Storey (D)29D, 1R, 1G82D, 8R, 3G
1882 John D. Templeton (D)
1883 John Ireland (D) Francis Marion Martin (D) William Jesse Swain (D)30D, 1I96D, 7I, 3R10D, 1I
1884 Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green check.svg
1885 Barnett Gibbs (D)28D, 3I103D, 3R11D
1886 Jim Hogg (D)
1887 Lawrence Sullivan Ross (D) Thomas Benton Wheeler (D) John D. McCall (D) R. M. Hall (D)31D103D, 5R, 1 Peop. John H. Reagan (D)
1888Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red x.svg
1889102D, 3R, 1I
1890
1891Jim Hogg (D) George C. Pendleton (D) Charles A. Culberson (D) William B. Wortham (D) William L. McGaughey (D)104D, 2R3D Horace Chilton (D)
1892 Roger Q. Mills (D)Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Green check.svg
1893 Martin McNulty Crane (D)29D, 1P, 1I119D, 8P, 1R13D
1894
1895Charles A. Culberson (D) George Taylor Jester (D)Martin McNulty Crane (D) Richard W. Finley (D) Andrew Jackson Baker (D)29D, 2P103D, 22P, 3RHorace Chilton (D)12D, 1R
1896 William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red x.svg
189728D, 2P, 1R120D, 6P, 2R
1898 Thomas Slater Smith (D)
1899Joseph D. Sayers (D) James Browning (D) John W. Robbins (D) Charles Rogan (D)30D, 1R118D, 9P, 1RCharles A. Culberson (D)
1900William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Red x.svg
1901 Charles K. Bell (D) Robert M. Love (D) [13] 31D126D, 1P, 1IR Joseph Weldon Bailey (D)13D
1902
1903 S. W. T. Lanham (D) George D. Neal (D) J. W. Stephen (D) [14] John J. Terrell (D)130D, 1R, 1P, 1IR16D
1904 Robert V. Davidson (D) Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis Red x.svg
1905131D, 2R
1906
1907 Thomas Mitchell Campbell (D) Asbury Bascom Davidson (D) Sam Sparks (D) Robert Teague Milner (D) [15] 132D, 1R
1908 Edward R. Kone (D)William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) Red x.svg
1909 James T. Robison (D)30D, 1R131D, 2R
1910 Jewel P. Lightfoot (D)
1911 Oscar Branch Colquitt (D) W. P. Lane (D)131D, 1R
1912 J. M. Edwards (D) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green check.svg
James D. Walthall (D)
1913 William Harding Mayes (D) B. F. Looney (D)141D, 1R Rienzi Melville Johnston (D)18D
Morris Sheppard (D)
1914
1915 James E. Ferguson (D) [16] William P. Hobby (D) Henry B. Terrell (D) Fred Davis (D)31D140D, 1R, 1I
1916
1917William P. Hobby (D) [17] vacant142D
1918
1919 Willard Arnold Johnson (D) Calvin M. Cureton (D)John W. Baker (D)141D, 1R
1920 M. L. Wiginton (D) George B. Terrell (D) James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Red x.svg
1921 Pat Morris Neff (D) Lynch Davidson (D) Lon A. Smith (D) Charles Vernon Terrell (D)30D, 1R137D, 4A, 1R17D, 1R
1922 W. A. Keeling (D)
1923 Thomas Whitfield Davidson (D)149D, 1R Earle Bradford Mayfield (D)
1924 Sidney Lee Staples (D) John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) Red x.svg
1925 Miriam A. Ferguson (D) Barry Miller (D) Dan Moody (D) Sam Houston Terrell (D) W. Gregory Hatcher (D)
1926
1927Dan Moody (D) Claude Pollard (D)
1928 Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green check.svg
192931D Tom Connally (D)18D
Robert L. Bobbitt (D) J. H. Walker (D)
193017D, 1R
1931 Ross S. Sterling (D) Edgar E. Witt (D) James V. Allred (D) George H. Sheppard (D) Charley Lockhart (D) James E. McDonald (D)150D
193218DFranklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green check.svg
1933Miriam A. Ferguson (D)148D, 2I21D
1934
1935James V. Allred (D) Walter Frank Woodul (D) William McCraw (D)149D, 1I
1936
1937 William H. McDonald (D)
1938
1939 W. Lee O'Daniel (D) [18] Coke R. Stevenson (D) Gerald Mann (D) Bascom Giles (D)150D
1940Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green check.svg
1941
Jesse James (D) Andrew Jackson Houston (D)
Coke R. Stevenson (D) [17] vacantW. Lee O'Daniel (D)
1942
1943 John Lee Smith (D)
1944 Grover Sellers (D)Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green check.svg
1945
1946
1947 Beauford H. Jester (D) [19] Allan Shivers (D) Price Daniel (D)
1948Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green check.svg
1949Allan Shivers (D) [17] vacant Robert S. Calvert (D) Lyndon B. Johnson (D)20D, 1R
1950
1951 Ben Ramsey (D) John C. White (D)149D, 1R21D
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green check.svg
1953 John Ben Shepperd (D)150DPrice Daniel (D)22D
1954
1955 James Earl Rudder (D)21D, 1R
1956
1957Price Daniel (D) Will Wilson (D) William A. Blakley (D)
Ralph Yarborough (D)
1958 Bill Alcorn (D)
1959
1960 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D) Green check.svg
1961 Jerry Sadler (D)William A. Blakley (D)
John Tower (R)
1962148D, 2R
1963 John Connally (D) Preston Smith (D) Waggoner Carr (D)140D, 10R21D, 2R
1964Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green check.svg
1965149D, 1R23D
1966
1967 Crawford Martin (D)30D, 1R143D, 7R21D, 2R
1968Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) Red x.svg
1969Preston Smith (D) Ben Barnes (D)29D, 2R141D, 8R, 1I [20] 20D, 3R
1970
1971 Bob Armstrong (D)141D, 9R Lloyd M. Bentsen (D)
1972Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green check.svg
1973 Dolph Briscoe (D) William P. Hobby, Jr. (D) John Hill (D)28D, 3R133D, 17R20D, 4R
1974
1975 Bob Bullock (D)132D, 18R21D, 3R
1976 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green check.svg
1977 Warren Harding (D) Reagan V. Brown (D)131D, 19R22D, 2R
197827D, 4R
1979 Bill Clements (R) Mark White (D)127D, 23R20D, 4R
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R) Green check.svg
198124D, 7R113D, 37R19D, 5R
1982
1983Mark White (D) Jim Mattox (D) Ann Richards (D) Garry Mauro (D) Jim Hightower (D)26D, 5R21D, 6R
1984
198525D, 6R95D, 55R Phil Gramm (R)17D, 10R
1986
1987Bill Clements (R)90D, 60R
1988George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green check.svg
198923D, 8R91D, 59R19D, 8R
1990
1991Ann Richards (D)Bob Bullock (D) Dan Morales (D) John Sharp (D) Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) Rick Perry (R)22D, 9R90D, 60R
19922D, 1RGeorge H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Red x.svg
199318D, 13R91D, 59R Bob Krueger (D)21D, 9R
Martha Whitehead (D) [21] Kay Bailey Hutchison (R)
19943R
1995 George W. Bush (R)17D, 14R87D, 63R18D, 12R
1996 Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R) Red x.svg
1997office abolished [22] 17R, 14D82D, 68R17D, 13R
1998
1999Rick Perry (R) John Cornyn (R) Carole Keeton Strayhorn (R) David Dewhurst (R) Susan Combs (R)16R, 15D78D, 72R
2000 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green check.svg
Rick Perry (R) Bill Ratliff (R)
2001
2002
Greg Abbott (R)
2003 David Dewhurst (R) Jerry E. Patterson (R)19R, 12D88R, 62D John Cornyn (R)17D, 15R
2004
200586R, 64D21R, 11D
2006
2007 Susan Combs (R) Todd Staples (R)20R, 11D80R, 69D19R, 13D
81R, 69D [23]
200877R, 71D John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) Red x.svg
200919R, 12D76R, 74D20R, 12D
2010
2011101R, 49D23R, 9D
2012 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R) Red x.svg
201395R, 55D Ted Cruz (R)24R, 12D
2014
2015Greg Abbott (R) Dan Patrick (R) Ken Paxton (R) Glenn Hegar (R) George P. Bush (R) Sid Miller (R)20R, 11D98R, 52D25R, 11D
201699R, 50D, 1I [24] Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R) Green check.svg
201795R, 55D
2018
21R, 10D [25]
201919R, 12D83R, 67D23R, 13D
Year Governor Lt. Gov. Atty. Gen. Comptroller Treas. Land Comm. Ag. Comm. State Senate State House Railroad Comm. U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

Notes

  1. Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  2. 1 2 3 4 As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  3. Evicted from office due to his refusal to swear an oath to the Confederate States of America.
  4. Fled Austin as it fell to Union forces.
  5. Provisional military governor.
  6. 1 2 Was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan, commander of the Fifth Military District during Reconstruction.
  7. Resigned due to disagreements with General Joseph Reynolds.
  8. The office remained vacant until the 14th Legislature in 1874.
  9. Elected lieutenant governor in 1869 but was not inaugurated. He presided over the provisional session but left office after being selected as an at-large representative to the United States Congress.
  10. Elected in a special election held under military direction.
  11. 1 2 3 4 As president pro tempore of the state Senate, served as lieutenant governor ex officio while the office remained vacant.
  12. Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  13. Shot and killed in office by a former employee.
  14. Appointed by Governor upon the death of his predecessor
  15. Governor appointed first incumbent when office was created by the Legislature
  16. Resigned due to the legislature's bringing impeachment proceedings against him.
  17. 1 2 3 As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was subsequently in his own right.
  18. Resigned after winning the Democratic primary for a United States Senate seat; he won the election.
  19. Died in office.
  20. John Poerner won his seat as a Republican in a special election March, but changed to Independent once sworn into the House.
  21. Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected in his or her own right.
  22. In 1996, voters approved a constitutional amendment abolishing the Office of State Treasurer and transferring its functions to the Office of Comptroller of Public Accounts.
  23. Republican filled vacancy.
  24. Republican John Lujan won a special election to succeed Democrat Joe Farias, who resigned, flipping a seat. Additionally, Independent Laura Thompson won a special election to succeed Democrat Ruth Jones McClendon, who resigned, flipping another seat.
  25. Republican Pete Flores won a special election to succeed Democrat Carlos Uresti, who resigned, flipping a seat.

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